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Study sets matching "a & p 2 chapter 22"

77 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
The Lymphatic System, Consists of
Functions of Lymphatic System, What it…
Lymphatic Vessels From smallest to lar…
lymph define
called lymph, lymphatic vessels, structures containing lympho…
Collects/drains excess interstitial fluid and returns it to t…
Lymphatic capillaries... Lymphatic vessels... Lymphatic trunks... Lymp…
fluid that flows in the lymphatic system into the bloodstream.
The Lymphatic System, Consists of
called lymph, lymphatic vessels, structures containing lympho…
Functions of Lymphatic System, What it…
Collects/drains excess interstitial fluid and returns it to t…
81 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Respiratory system function:
Pulmonary ventilation
External respiration
Transport
to supply O2, remove Co2.
(breathing)... -air is moved into and out of lungs so the gases…
O2 diffuses from lungs to the blood, and Co2 diffuses from bl…
O2 transported from lungs to tissue, and Co2 is transported f…
Respiratory system function:
to supply O2, remove Co2.
Pulmonary ventilation
(breathing)... -air is moved into and out of lungs so the gases…
59 terms
Respiratory System chapter 22 a&p 2
organs of the respiratory system
visceral pleural membrane is located w…
parietal pleural membrane is located w…
where is the pleural space (cavity)?
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
lungs
wall of the pleural cavity
between the visceral and parietal pleural membrane
organs of the respiratory system
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
visceral pleural membrane is located w…
lungs
55 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22: Respiratory System
Inspiration
Expiration
Upper respiratory tract
Conducting zone
Active process that requires diaphragm and intercostal muscles
Passive process that relies on relaxation of lungs and chest
Area from the nose to the larynx
Area from Nasal Cavity to Terminal Bronchioles
Inspiration
Active process that requires diaphragm and intercostal muscles
Expiration
Passive process that relies on relaxation of lungs and chest
46 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 22
What are functions of the Lymphatic sy…
What is Lymph and how is it made?
Where do Lymphatic vessels begin?
Lymph vessels become larger as they re…
Drain interstitial fluid... Transport dietary lipids from the GI…
blood plasma passes through capillaries and forms interstitia…
lymphatic capillaries located in spaces between cells. They a…
lymph... heart
What are functions of the Lymphatic sy…
Drain interstitial fluid... Transport dietary lipids from the GI…
What is Lymph and how is it made?
blood plasma passes through capillaries and forms interstitia…
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
23 terms
Chapter 22 - A&P 2
breathing (pulmonary ventilation)
respiratory cycle
quiet respiration
forced respiration
consists of a repetitive cycle... one of inspiration... one of expe…
one inspiration and expiration
while at rest, effortless
rapid, during exercise
breathing (pulmonary ventilation)
consists of a repetitive cycle... one of inspiration... one of expe…
respiratory cycle
one inspiration and expiration
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
98 terms
A&P 2 chapter 22
pathogens
Immunity
Immune system
T cells
disease-causing organisms
the ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
involved with the production of immunity; physiological syste…
(thymus-dependent) 80% of circulating lymphocytes
pathogens
disease-causing organisms
Immunity
the ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
21 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Flow through the lymphatic system
Divisions of the immune system: 3 Non-…
Divisions of the immune system: 2 spec…
Overview of the immune response
• Lymphatic capillaries → small lymphatic vessels → major lym…
anatomical, mechanical, chemical
cell-mediated, antibody-mediated
• Antigen → specific defenses → T cell activation → phagocyti…
Flow through the lymphatic system
• Lymphatic capillaries → small lymphatic vessels → major lym…
Divisions of the immune system: 3 Non-…
anatomical, mechanical, chemical
18 terms
A and P 2 chapter 22 Reproductive Systems
Gonads
Gametes
Semen
Meiosis
Organs that produce sex cells (gametes). Male = testes, femal…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Fluid containing sperm and secretions from three sets of glands
A form of cell division happening in sexually reproducing org…
Gonads
Organs that produce sex cells (gametes). Male = testes, femal…
Gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
33 terms
A&P Chapter 22.2
Pharynx
3 Divisions of pharynx:
Of the 3 divisions of the pharynx, whi…
Oropharnyx and Laryngopharynx are line…
Sits posterior to nasal and oral cavities
1. Nasopharynx... 2. Oropharynx... 3. Laryngopharynx
1. Oropharynx... 2. Laryngopharynx
Stratified squamous epithelium to protect them from abrasion…
Pharynx
Sits posterior to nasal and oral cavities
3 Divisions of pharynx:
1. Nasopharynx... 2. Oropharynx... 3. Laryngopharynx
28 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Function of Lymphatic System
Lymph
Lymph Capillaries
Lymph Vessels
Produce, maintain and distribute lymphocytes to provide defen…
Interstitial fluid
Small vessels collect lymph
Vessels that gather lymph from lymph capillaries ... Have valves…
Function of Lymphatic System
Produce, maintain and distribute lymphocytes to provide defen…
Lymph
Interstitial fluid
61 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Mucous membranes of the nasal passages…
The right lung has:
Internal respiration occurs:
The vocal folds are found in the:
Pseudo stratified Ciliated Columnar
2 fissures and 3 lobes
Between systemic capillaries and tissue cells
Larynx
Mucous membranes of the nasal passages…
Pseudo stratified Ciliated Columnar
The right lung has:
2 fissures and 3 lobes
92 terms
A&P 2 chapter 22
Immunity
Components of immune system
What happens without immune system?
Primary locations of immune cells (5)
Ability to resist disease
Cellular and molecular structures throughout the body
SCIDS and death
1. Leukocytes in blood... 2. Lymphatic tissue... 3. Select organs (…
Immunity
Ability to resist disease
Components of immune system
Cellular and molecular structures throughout the body
37 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Lymph
Lymphatic vessels
Lymphocytes
Diffuse Lymphatic tissue
water plus solutes from plasma and cells
carry lymph away from tissues
white blood cells derived from bone marrow, but may mature an…
dispersed lymphocytes, macrophages; blends with other tissues
Lymph
water plus solutes from plasma and cells
Lymphatic vessels
carry lymph away from tissues
45 terms
Chapter 22 A&P
Lymphatic System
Function of lymphocyte
Difference between blood and lymphatic…
Lacteals
-protects us against disease ... -lymphatic system cells respond…
to produce, maintain, and distribute lymphocytes and produce…
1. starts as pockets instead of tubes... 2. larger diameter... 3. t…
special lymphatic capillaries in small intestine, transports…
Lymphatic System
-protects us against disease ... -lymphatic system cells respond…
Function of lymphocyte
to produce, maintain, and distribute lymphocytes and produce…
30 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22 Notes/Powerpoints
What are the two kinds of immunity?
What is innate immunity?
What is adaptive immunity?
Distinguish between the first, second,…
-Innate... -Adaptive
Immunity that is present at birth and includes non-specific d…
Immunity that is not present at birth and involves activation…
-First: Present in innate immunity and includes skin, mucus m…
What are the two kinds of immunity?
-Innate... -Adaptive
What is innate immunity?
Immunity that is present at birth and includes non-specific d…
80 terms
chapter 22 A & P 2
list the function of the nose:
nasal septum
vibrissae
concha
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
(nose hair) filter and cleans inspired air
3 scroll-like mucosa-covered projections protruding medially…
list the function of the nose:
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
nasal septum
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
84 terms
chapter 22 A & P 2
function of the nose
nasal septum
vibrissae
concha
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
(nose hair) filter and cleans inspired air
3 scroll-like mucosa-covered projections protruding medially…
function of the nose
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
nasal septum
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
158 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 22
2 types of immunity
lymphatic system
lymph
lymphatic tissue
1) innate or nonspecific immunity... -no specific recognition of…
consists of lymph, lymphatic vessels that transport the lymph…
interstitial fluid once it passes into lymphatic vessels... majo…
a specialized form of reticular connective tissue that contai…
2 types of immunity
1) innate or nonspecific immunity... -no specific recognition of…
lymphatic system
consists of lymph, lymphatic vessels that transport the lymph…
18 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
heat, humidify, filter, enhance air
"throat"
voicebox, sound production
the windpipe
nasal cavity
heat, humidify, filter, enhance air
pharynx
"throat"
233 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
What the right lymphatic duct drains
What the thoracic duct drains
Primary lymphoid organs
Secondary lymphoid organs
Right brachomediastinal trunk... Into the right subclavian vein…
Left lumbar trunk... Left jugular trunk... Intestinal trunk... Right l…
Thymus... Red bone marrow... Sites where lymphocytes are formed and…
Tonsils... Spleen... Appendix... Lymph nodes
What the right lymphatic duct drains
Right brachomediastinal trunk... Into the right subclavian vein…
What the thoracic duct drains
Left lumbar trunk... Left jugular trunk... Intestinal trunk... Right l…
77 terms
A&P 2 chapter 22
nasal septum
vibrissae
concha
paranasal tissue
the midline that divides the nasal cavities
nose hairs
3 scroll-like mucosa-covered projections protruding medially…
in ring format; located in frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxill…
nasal septum
the midline that divides the nasal cavities
vibrissae
nose hairs
83 terms
A&P Chapter 22
During the first meiotic division
Meiosis is necessary because
Identify the correct sequence for the…
Synapsis occurs during
homologous chromosome pairs separate
Otherwise the fertilized ovum will have too much genetic mate…
Prophase I- metaphase I- anaphase I- telophase I
prophase I
During the first meiotic division
homologous chromosome pairs separate
Meiosis is necessary because
Otherwise the fertilized ovum will have too much genetic mate…
29 terms
Chapter 22 A&P2
*"Breathing"... *Movement of air in and o…
The diffusion of gases between the alv…
Exchange of blood gases and the inters…
*Aerobic Respiration... *when oxygen is a…
Pulmonary Ventilation
External respiration
Internal respiration
Cellular respiration
*"Breathing"... *Movement of air in and o…
Pulmonary Ventilation
The diffusion of gases between the alv…
External respiration
50 terms
A&P Chapter 22
Acute mountain sickness (AMS)
Alveolar dead space
Alveolus
Apex
condition that occurs a result of acute exposure to high alti…
air space within alveoli that are unable to participate in ga…
small, grape-like sac that performs gas exchange in the lungs
tip of the external nose
Acute mountain sickness (AMS)
condition that occurs a result of acute exposure to high alti…
Alveolar dead space
air space within alveoli that are unable to participate in ga…
19 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Nose
Paranasal
Nasal cavity
Trachae
Provides an airway for respiration, filters and cleans air, s…
Produces mucus that flows into the nasal cavity and by nose b…
nasal cavity is a hollow space within the nose and skull that…
Windpipe that provides air flow to and from the lungs for res…
Nose
Provides an airway for respiration, filters and cleans air, s…
Paranasal
Produces mucus that flows into the nasal cavity and by nose b…
93 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Disease producing microbes (bacteria v…
Body's response to specific antigens c…
Foreign proteins that invoke an immune…
What function of the Lymph System elim…
Pathogens
Immunity
antigens
Drain excess interstitial fluid
Disease producing microbes (bacteria v…
Pathogens
Body's response to specific antigens c…
Immunity
83 terms
A&P Chapter 22
During the first meiotic division
Meiosis is necessary because
Identify the correct sequence for the…
Synapsis occurs during
homologous chromosome pairs separate
Otherwise the fertilized ovum will have too much genetic mate…
Prophase I- metaphase I- anaphase I- telophase I
prophase I
During the first meiotic division
homologous chromosome pairs separate
Meiosis is necessary because
Otherwise the fertilized ovum will have too much genetic mate…
98 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
What are the 3 functions of the lympha…
What does "drains excess interstitial…
What does "transports dietary lipids"…
Without this function, the maintenance…
1. fluid balance ... 2. fat absorption ... 3. carrying out immune r…
fluid balance
fat absorption
fluid balance
What are the 3 functions of the lympha…
1. fluid balance ... 2. fat absorption ... 3. carrying out immune r…
What does "drains excess interstitial…
fluid balance
38 terms
A&P Chapter 22
Bacillus
Coccus
Communicable
Contagious
rod-shaped bacterium
spherical bacterium
disease that may be transmitted from person to person by dire…
disease that is easily transmitted from person to person by c…
Bacillus
rod-shaped bacterium
Coccus
spherical bacterium
83 terms
Chapter 22 A&P2
Why do we need a respiratory system?
List the major functions of the respir…
Describe the mechanism by which we ven…
describe the mechanism by which we exc…
To move air, involved in the sense of smells and voice produc…
1. survey, warm, moisten, filter inspired air ... 2. supply the…
changes in lung size produce changes in pressure. Air flows d…
simple diffusion
Why do we need a respiratory system?
To move air, involved in the sense of smells and voice produc…
List the major functions of the respir…
1. survey, warm, moisten, filter inspired air ... 2. supply the…
186 terms
A&P Chapter 22
The Lymphatic System
Lymph
Lymphatic Tissue
1) Drains exces interstitial fluid... 2)…
System that consists of a fluid called lymph, vessels called…
Interstitial Fluid that has passed into lymphatic vessels
A specialized form of reticular connective tissue that contai…
The 3 Functions of the Lymphatic System
The Lymphatic System
System that consists of a fluid called lymph, vessels called…
Lymph
Interstitial Fluid that has passed into lymphatic vessels
63 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22: Lymphatic
What is the fluid carried around in th…
Lymph vessels contain __________ that…
Right lymphatic duct dumps into the __…
Thoracic duct dumps dumps into the ___…
Lymph
valves
right subclavian vein
left subclavian vein
What is the fluid carried around in th…
Lymph
Lymph vessels contain __________ that…
valves
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22 Respiratory System
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
223 terms
A&P2 Chapter 22 Respiratory System
What is the major function of the resp…
What other organ system is necessary t…
How do the respiratory and circulatory…
Why is oxygen so important to the huma…
To exchange gases ... -supply body with O2 and dispose C02
circulatory system
• Pulmonary ventilation (breathing) ... Movement of air into and…
O2 is needed for cellular respiration
What is the major function of the resp…
To exchange gases ... -supply body with O2 and dispose C02
What other organ system is necessary t…
circulatory system
49 terms
A&P2 Chapter 22 (17 questions)
Respiration
Processes of respiration (4)
Conducting zones
Respiratory zones
process of exchanging oxygen/carbon dioxide between atmospher…
pulmonary ventilation (moving air in & out of lungs ,breathin…
rigid conduits (tubes) that must be filled first in order for…
sites of gas exchange, Occurs anywhere a single alveolus is f…
Respiration
process of exchanging oxygen/carbon dioxide between atmospher…
Processes of respiration (4)
pulmonary ventilation (moving air in & out of lungs ,breathin…
50 terms
Chapter 22 learning outcomes A&P2
functions of the respiratory system
upper structures
lower structures
conducting zone
-ventilation... -gas exchange... -cellular respiration... -sense of sm…
-nose... -pharynx... -larynx
-trachea... -bronchi... -lungs
-structures that filter, warm, and moisten air; conduct air i…
functions of the respiratory system
-ventilation... -gas exchange... -cellular respiration... -sense of sm…
upper structures
-nose... -pharynx... -larynx
14 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 22-Amphibian and Reptilian
ectothermic
endothermic
Chromatophores
ecdysis
cold-blooded
warm-blooded
pigment containing cells
Shedding
ectothermic
cold-blooded
endothermic
warm-blooded
63 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22: Lymphatic
What is the fluid carried around in th…
Lymph vessels contain __________ that…
Right lymphatic duct dumps into the __…
Thoracic duct dumps dumps into the ___…
Lymph
valves
right subclavian vein
left subclavian vein
What is the fluid carried around in th…
Lymph
Lymph vessels contain __________ that…
valves
60 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22 Notes
What are the two kinds of immunity?
What is innate immunity?
What is adaptive immunity?
Distinguish between the first, second,…
-Innate... -Adaptive
Immunity that is present at birth and includes non-specific d…
Immunity that is not present at birth and involves activation…
-First:(surfaces) Present in innate immunity and includes ski…
What are the two kinds of immunity?
-Innate... -Adaptive
What is innate immunity?
Immunity that is present at birth and includes non-specific d…
148 terms
a and p 2 chapter 22 respiratory system
lungs -breathing,
exchange of gases
oxygen in cellular metabolism
O2 and CO2... blood and air
Respiration has three meanings:... - ventilation of the ______... -…
Respiration has three meanings:... - the ______ of ______ betwee…
Respiration has three meanings:... - the use of ____ in _______…
Functions of Respiratory System... ____ and ___ exchange between…
lungs -breathing,
Respiration has three meanings:... - ventilation of the ______... -…
exchange of gases
Respiration has three meanings:... - the ______ of ______ betwee…
A & P chapter 22
Primary response
Primary response
Primary response
Primary response
takes time to activate the appropriate B cells and then diffe…
antibodies increase in number slowly
level of antibody activity does not peak until 1-2 weeks afte…
igm's are the first to appear in the blood stream but are rep…
Primary response
takes time to activate the appropriate B cells and then diffe…
Primary response
antibodies increase in number slowly
76 terms
A&P chapter 22
Respiration
Squamous (type I) alveolar cells
Great (type II) alveolar cells
Pulmonary surfactant
ventilation of the lungs (breathing) or the use of oxygen in…
thin, broad cells covering about 95% of the alveolar surface…
cover about 5% of the alveolar surface area; repair alveolar…
a mixture of phospholipids and protein that coats the alveoli…
Respiration
ventilation of the lungs (breathing) or the use of oxygen in…
Squamous (type I) alveolar cells
thin, broad cells covering about 95% of the alveolar surface…
17 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22 Respiratory System
Name a function of the respiratory sys…
the process of respiration
from the larynx up is
from the larynx down is
supplies blood with oxygen and removes C02
pulmonary ventilation (breathing 02 from atmosphere and relea…
upper respiratory system
lower respiratory system
Name a function of the respiratory sys…
supplies blood with oxygen and removes C02
the process of respiration
pulmonary ventilation (breathing 02 from atmosphere and relea…
84 terms
A&P Chapter 22
components of lymphatic system
lymphatic system functions
lymph
primary lymphatic organs
lymph, lymphatic vessels, primary and secondary lymphatic org…
drain excess interstitial fluid, transport dietary lipids, ca…
similar to interstitial fluid, located within lymphatic vesse…
sites of stem cell differentiation. red bone marrow and thymus
components of lymphatic system
lymph, lymphatic vessels, primary and secondary lymphatic org…
lymphatic system functions
drain excess interstitial fluid, transport dietary lipids, ca…
71 terms
Chapter 22 Connect (A&P2)
List the correct order of more proxima…
The nasal septum is composed of:
Inhalation of cigarette smoke often le…
The ___ is the portion of the pharynx…
primary bronchus... secondary bronchus... tertiary bronchus... termina…
hyaline cartilage... bone tissue
emphysema
nasopharynx
List the correct order of more proxima…
primary bronchus... secondary bronchus... tertiary bronchus... termina…
The nasal septum is composed of:
hyaline cartilage... bone tissue
49 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2 Objectives
Major functions of respiratory system
Minor functions of respiratory system
4 processes of respiration
Upper Respiratory Organs
Supply body with O2... Dispose of CO2
Olfaction... Speech
(Respiratory)... 1. Pulmonary ventilation- movement of air in/ou…
Nose and nasal cavities... paranasal sinuses... pharynx
Major functions of respiratory system
Supply body with O2... Dispose of CO2
Minor functions of respiratory system
Olfaction... Speech
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