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Study sets matching "a & p 2 chapter 25"

45 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25
Renal Capsule
Adipose Capsule
Renal Fascia
Ptosis
Fibrous, transparent, membrane that prevents infection.
Provides cushioning since they don't have any in the back and…
Dense fibrous connective tissue that surrounds the outside of…
A dropped kidney, can be due to too little fatty tissue in th…
Renal Capsule
Fibrous, transparent, membrane that prevents infection.
Adipose Capsule
Provides cushioning since they don't have any in the back and…
47 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25
the parts of the urinary system
renal capsule
adipose capsule
renal fascia
two kidneys, two ureters which come into the bladder. The ure…
fibrous, transparent, membrane that prevents infection
fatty mass that attaches the kidneys to the posterior wall an…
dense fibrous CT that surrounds the outside of the kidney and…
the parts of the urinary system
two kidneys, two ureters which come into the bladder. The ure…
renal capsule
fibrous, transparent, membrane that prevents infection
30 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 25
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Anabolic/Catabolic
is the sum of all chemical reactions of the body... is often cat…
metabolic reaction: is the degradation of complex molecules i…
metabolic reaction: is the synthesis of complex molecules fro…
metabolic reactions: energy for these reactions, come from th…
Metabolism
is the sum of all chemical reactions of the body... is often cat…
Catabolism
metabolic reaction: is the degradation of complex molecules i…
92 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25
1. Regulating total water volume and t…
Regulation of blood pressure and regul…
Regulation of blood pressure
Regulation of RBC production
What are the functions of the kidneys?
What are the endocrine functions of the kidneys?
What is the function of renin?
What is the function of Erythropoietin?
1. Regulating total water volume and t…
What are the functions of the kidneys?
Regulation of blood pressure and regul…
What are the endocrine functions of the kidneys?
A&P2 chapter 25
At which stage of life is the percenta…
In elderly individuals, 75% of body we…
When comparing two individuals of the…
When comparing a lean adult female to…
Infancy
FALSE
TRUE
The male
At which stage of life is the percenta…
Infancy
In elderly individuals, 75% of body we…
FALSE
116 terms
A&P2 chapter 25
At which stage of life is the percenta…
In elderly individuals, 75% of body we…
When comparing two individuals of the…
When comparing a lean adult female to…
Infancy
FALSE
TRUE
The male
At which stage of life is the percenta…
Infancy
In elderly individuals, 75% of body we…
FALSE
164 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25
the digestive system...
Five Stages of Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
breaks down nutrients into a form that can be used by the bod…
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, and defecation
selective intake of food
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable…
the digestive system...
breaks down nutrients into a form that can be used by the bod…
Five Stages of Digestion
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, and defecation
7 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 25
cellular respiration
Glycolysis
formation of acetyl coenzyme A
krebs cycle
1. glycolysis... 2. formation of acetyl coenzyme A... 3. Krebs cycl…
splits 6-carbon glucose into 2 3-carbon molecules of pyruvic…
-each pyruvic acid converted to 2-carbon acetyl group... ->remov…
citric acid cycle... occurs in matrix of mitochondria... series of…
cellular respiration
1. glycolysis... 2. formation of acetyl coenzyme A... 3. Krebs cycl…
Glycolysis
splits 6-carbon glucose into 2 3-carbon molecules of pyruvic…
76 terms
chapter 25 a&p 2
cremaster muscle, dartos muscle
cremaster muscle
dartos muscle
7th month
what muscles of the scrotum are responsible or thermoregulation
this muscle of the scrotum is in the cord and it contracts in…
this muscle of the scrotum contracts in response to cool temp…
when do the testes descend
cremaster muscle, dartos muscle
what muscles of the scrotum are responsible or thermoregulation
cremaster muscle
this muscle of the scrotum is in the cord and it contracts in…
155 terms
Chapter 25 - A&P 2
five stages of digestion
ingestion
digestion
absorption
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
selective intake of food
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable…
uptake of nutrient molecules into the epithelial cells of the…
five stages of digestion
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
ingestion
selective intake of food
65 terms
a & p 2.... chapter 25
cells are chemical factories
cells need
energy released
a lot of energy is released as
that break down organic substrates to obtain energy
oxygen and nutrients
inside the cell supports growth, cell division, contraction,…
heat
cells are chemical factories
that break down organic substrates to obtain energy
cells need
oxygen and nutrients
40 terms
A&P 2 chapter 25
Which of the following does not apply…
As aging occurs, muscle contraction
What attaches muscles to each other
Which of the following does not apply…
It has intergalactic discs
And become slower
A poncurasus
It is found in blood vessels
Which of the following does not apply…
It has intergalactic discs
As aging occurs, muscle contraction
And become slower
13 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25
homeostatic regulation
nephrons
glomerular capsule
PCT
_____________ of blood plasma regulates volume, pressure, pH,…
main functional unit of kidney
surrounds the glomerulus capillary
Reabosorbs 60-70 of filtrate produced... -water, Na, ion, organi…
homeostatic regulation
_____________ of blood plasma regulates volume, pressure, pH,…
nephrons
main functional unit of kidney
71 terms
Chapter 25 A&P 2
Study of maintaining appropriate volum…
Dissociates into ions when placed into…
Chemical that dissociates in water to…
Chemical that accepts a hydrogen ion i…
Define Fluid Balance
Define Electrolyte
Define Acid
Define Base
Study of maintaining appropriate volum…
Define Fluid Balance
Dissociates into ions when placed into…
Define Electrolyte
97 terms
Chapter 25 A&P 2
Fluid balance in the human body is rou…
What determines the hydrostatic pressu…
How much urine is lost through obligat…
What effect does an increase in antidi…
Water balance
Hydrostatic pressure is the force that fluids exert.
500 ml
ECF increases when antidiuretic hormone is present
Fluid balance in the human body is rou…
Water balance
What determines the hydrostatic pressu…
Hydrostatic pressure is the force that fluids exert.
A&P 2 chapter 25
what is a receptor ?
general senses?
special senses?
chemoreceptors ?
peripheral nerve ending of the sensory nerves
receptors are widely distributed in the body
receptors are localized in a particular area
chemical stimuli (taste buds, sense of smell)
what is a receptor ?
peripheral nerve ending of the sensory nerves
general senses?
receptors are widely distributed in the body
22 terms
Chapter 25 A & P 2
What is the function of the kidneys?
What is the function of ureters?
What is the function of the urinary bl…
What is the function of the urethra?
It is to maintain our body's internal environment stable. It…
It transports urine from kidneys to urinary bladder.
It is the temperature storage reservoir for urine.
It transport urine out of the body.
What is the function of the kidneys?
It is to maintain our body's internal environment stable. It…
What is the function of ureters?
It transports urine from kidneys to urinary bladder.
52 terms
Chapter 25 A&P 2
Are saturated fats single bonded or do…
Are unsaturated fats single bonded or…
Where can you find saturated fats?
Where can you find unsaturated fats?
single
double
mostly animal sources, few plant source
plant sources only
Are saturated fats single bonded or do…
single
Are unsaturated fats single bonded or…
double
114 terms
A&P2 chapter 25
At which stage of life is the percenta…
In elderly individuals, 75% of body we…
When comparing two individuals of the…
When comparing a lean adult female to…
Infancy
FALSE
TRUE
The male
At which stage of life is the percenta…
Infancy
In elderly individuals, 75% of body we…
FALSE
119 terms
Chapter 25 A&P
functions of digestive system
2 types of digestion
proteins
defecation
ingest food... digest food... absord nutrients... defecation
mechanical... chemical
amino acids
execrate waste
functions of digestive system
ingest food... digest food... absord nutrients... defecation
2 types of digestion
mechanical... chemical
44 terms
A&P2 - Chapter 25 - Reproductive System
Gametes
Zygote
Ovum
Gonads
Sex cells. Sperm in men, oocyte in women.
Fertilized ovum.
A mature oocyte that has ovulated. It travels down the fallop…
Testes in men, ovaries in women.
Gametes
Sex cells. Sperm in men, oocyte in women.
Zygote
Fertilized ovum.
a&p chapter 25
metabolism
energy for active processes... synthesis…
cellular respiration
catabolic reactions
all chemical reactions in the body, "transfer of energy"
3 uses of nutrients?
molecules from food metabolized within cells, "captured" ener…
break down complex organic compounds into simpler ones
metabolism
all chemical reactions in the body, "transfer of energy"
energy for active processes... synthesis…
3 uses of nutrients?
116 terms
A&P2 Chapter 25 - Fluid and Electrolytes
the average percent of fluid by weight.
What two variables affect this percent…
What age has the highest and lowest pe…
: Which tissue contains more water and…
45 to 75 percent by weight- average of 65%
1. The age ... 2. relative amounts of adipose connective tissue…
1. Infants have highest percentage of fluid -75%... 2. Elderly h…
The skeletal tissue contains more water -75%... males have more…
the average percent of fluid by weight.
45 to 75 percent by weight- average of 65%
What two variables affect this percent…
1. The age ... 2. relative amounts of adipose connective tissue…
19 terms
A&P2 Chapter 25 Metabolism
Metabolism
Redox Reactions
Glycolysis
Metabolism (Catabolism + Anabolism)... Refers to all chemical r…
OIL & RIG... oxidation is loss of electrons... reduction is gain…
Breaks down glucose in cytosol into smaller molecules used by…
Metabolism
Metabolism (Catabolism + Anabolism)... Refers to all chemical r…
Redox Reactions
OIL & RIG... oxidation is loss of electrons... reduction is gain…
9 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25 Notes/Powerpoints
What are four major uses of glucose by…
What are the four sets of reactions in…
How many ATPs are produced per glucose…
What are the four classes of lipoprote…
-ATP production... -Amino acid synthesis... -Glycogen synthesis... -Tr…
-Glycolysis... -Oxidative Phosphorylation (formation of acetyl-c…
30-32
-Chylomicrons—transport dietary lipids to adipose tissue... -VLD…
What are four major uses of glucose by…
-ATP production... -Amino acid synthesis... -Glycogen synthesis... -Tr…
What are the four sets of reactions in…
-Glycolysis... -Oxidative Phosphorylation (formation of acetyl-c…
34 terms
A&P2 - Chapter 25 - Reproductive System
Gametes
Zygote
Ovum
Gonads
Sex cells. Sperm in men, oocyte in women.
Fertilized ovum.
A mature oocyte that has ovulated. It travels down the fallop…
Testes in men, ovaries in women.
Gametes
Sex cells. Sperm in men, oocyte in women.
Zygote
Fertilized ovum.
20 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25 Homework
Chemical reactions that break down com…
Chemical reactions that combine simple…
Oxidation is... -The removal of protons... -…
Reduction is the... -The removal of proto…
-Catabolism
-Anabolism
-The removal of electrons
-The addition of electrons
Chemical reactions that break down com…
-Catabolism
Chemical reactions that combine simple…
-Anabolism
120 terms
Chapter 25 A&P
A male reproductive system is most clo…
In the luteal phase, the ovaries secre…
A sperm penetrates an egg by means of…
The vagina is
Urinary
Progesterone
acrosome
a muscular tube extending between the uterus and the external…
A male reproductive system is most clo…
Urinary
In the luteal phase, the ovaries secre…
Progesterone
38 terms
A&P2 Chapter 25 (17 questions)
Functions of the kidney... a) primary... b)…
Functions of the ... a) ureters... b) bladde…
Kidney location and external features
Tissue layers (3) supporting the kidne…
primary: filter blood, regulate BP and chemical makeup, maint…
a) urine transport (kidney->bladder)... b) temporary urine stora…
location: retroperitoneal position in superior lumbar region,…
renal fascia (dense fibrous connective tissue), perirenal adi…
Functions of the kidney... a) primary... b)…
primary: filter blood, regulate BP and chemical makeup, maint…
Functions of the ... a) ureters... b) bladde…
a) urine transport (kidney->bladder)... b) temporary urine stora…
50 terms
A&P Chapter 25
Angiotensin
Angiotensinogen
Aquaporin
Brush border
protein produced by the enzymatic action of renin on angioten…
inactive protein in the circulation produced by the liver; pr…
protein-forming water channels through the lipid bilayer of t…
formed by microvilli on the surface of certain cuboidal cells…
Angiotensin
protein produced by the enzymatic action of renin on angioten…
Angiotensinogen
inactive protein in the circulation produced by the liver; pr…
119 terms
A&P Chapter 25
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Homeostasis
Interstitial fluid and plasma
Fluid found within cells
Fluid outside of the cells
Extracellular fluid is the internal environment that is kept…
What are two major types of extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Fluid found within cells
Extracellular fluid
Fluid outside of the cells
34 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25 - The Digestive system
Digestive Tract
Digestive Functions
Stages of digestion
Tissue layers of GI tract
-GI tract... -30 foot long tube extending from mouth to anus
1. Ingestion: intake of food... 2. Digestion: breakdown of molec…
Mechanical digestion... -physical breakdown of food into smaller…
1. Mucosa... -epithelium... -lamina propria... -muscularis mucosae... 2.…
Digestive Tract
-GI tract... -30 foot long tube extending from mouth to anus
Digestive Functions
1. Ingestion: intake of food... 2. Digestion: breakdown of molec…
60 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 25 Vocab
Nutrition
Nutrients
Essential nutrients
calorie
The process by which the body obtains and uses certain compon…
The chemicals taken into the body that are used to produce en…
Chemicals that must be ingested because the body cannot manuf…
The amount of energy (heat) needed to raise the temperature o…
Nutrition
The process by which the body obtains and uses certain compon…
Nutrients
The chemicals taken into the body that are used to produce en…
131 terms
A&P Chapter 25
What are the 3 main energy systems?
What processes happen in the mitochond…
Where do you use ATP in muscle?
Does ATP stay relatively constant?
1. phospocreatine (PCr)... 2. anaerobic glycolysis... 3. oxidative…
1. Krebs (produces NADS & FADH)... 2. Electron Transport Chain (…
1. myosin crossbridge (contraction)... 2. removal of ATP (relaxa…
yes! It is remarkable at meeting our demands
What are the 3 main energy systems?
1. phospocreatine (PCr)... 2. anaerobic glycolysis... 3. oxidative…
What processes happen in the mitochond…
1. Krebs (produces NADS & FADH)... 2. Electron Transport Chain (…
62 terms
A&P I Chapter 25 (2)
Glucose metabolism
Glycogenesis
Glycogenesis synthesizes
Glycogenesis occurs when
glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, and gluconeogenesis
the hormone insulin, from pancreatic beta cells, stimulates h…
glycogen
glucose is NOT needed immediately
Glucose metabolism
glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, and gluconeogenesis
Glycogenesis
the hormone insulin, from pancreatic beta cells, stimulates h…
84 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 25: Fluid and Electrolyes
At which stage of life is the percenta…
When comparing a lean adult female to…
Fluid imbalances are more common in in…
Elderly individuals generally have a _…
a: Infancy
the male
low
low, more
At which stage of life is the percenta…
a: Infancy
When comparing a lean adult female to…
the male
39 terms
A+P Chapter 25
Renal Hilum
Renal Fascia
Perirenal Fat Capsule
Fibrous Capsule
Located on the medial surface of the kidneys, it is the verti…
An outer layer of dense fibrous connective tissue that anchor…
Fatty mass that surrounds the kidney and cushions it against…
A transparent capsule that prevents infections in surrounding…
Renal Hilum
Located on the medial surface of the kidneys, it is the verti…
Renal Fascia
An outer layer of dense fibrous connective tissue that anchor…
31 terms
A&P Project- Chapter 25
Q: What are the functions of the diges…
Q: Describe mechanical digestion witho…
Q: Describe chemical digestion without…
Q: What is another term for the digest…
A: ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
A: physical breakdown of food into small pieces
A: hydrolysis reactions that break dietary macromolecules int…
A: Alimentary canal
Q: What are the functions of the diges…
A: ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
Q: Describe mechanical digestion witho…
A: physical breakdown of food into small pieces
116 terms
A&P 2 Urinary System Chapter 25
kidney function
amount of blood filtered by kidneys
osmotic conc. of kidneys
filtrate percentage per day
regulate volume and chemical makeup of blood
180-200 L/day, 7.5 L/hr, 45 gal total blood vol/40 min
800-1000mOsm/L
less than 1%
kidney function
regulate volume and chemical makeup of blood
amount of blood filtered by kidneys
180-200 L/day, 7.5 L/hr, 45 gal total blood vol/40 min
29 terms
the rest of chapter 25 a & p 2
relaxin
inhibin
menstrual phase
preovulatory phase
a small quantity of this is released each month to relax the…
this inhibits secretion of fsh and gnrh and sometimes lh
during this phase of the menstrual cycle, 20 follicles of ova…
follicles are forming in ovary, a lot of estrogen and inhibin…
relaxin
a small quantity of this is released each month to relax the…
inhibin
this inhibits secretion of fsh and gnrh and sometimes lh
51 terms
A&P 2 Test 4 Chapter 25 A
200
1) Kidneys... 2) Ureters... 3) Urinary bladd…
Retroperitoneal
Renal hilium; renal sinus
The kidney filters ___ L of fluid a day.
The urinary system consists of 4 parts. What are they?
The kidneys are _______ in that they lie between the dorsal b…
The medial surface of the kidney has a verticle cleft, called…
200
The kidney filters ___ L of fluid a day.
1) Kidneys... 2) Ureters... 3) Urinary bladd…
The urinary system consists of 4 parts. What are they?
75 terms
A&P2: Chapter 25 The Urinary System
The ________ creates about 200 liters…
A minimum of ______mL of urine each da…
pH of urine can range from
specific gravity
glomeruli
500
4.5 to 8.0
the number of solutes per unit volume, pure water = 1.0
The ________ creates about 200 liters…
glomeruli
A minimum of ______mL of urine each da…
500
55 terms
A&P Chapter 25: Genetics
Genetics
Gene therapy
informtion in the genetic code can cau…
BRCA gene tests for
The scientific study of inheritance and human diseases
Treating fatal inherited disorders
Diseases
Breast or ovarian cancer
Genetics
The scientific study of inheritance and human diseases
Gene therapy
Treating fatal inherited disorders
116 terms
A&P2 Chapter 25 - Fluid and Electrolytes
the average percent of fluid by weight.
What two variables affect this percent…
What age has the highest and lowest pe…
: Which tissue contains more water and…
45 to 75 percent by weight- average of 65%
1. The age ... 2. relative amounts of adipose connective tissue…
1. Infants have highest percentage of fluid -75%... 2. Elderly h…
The skeletal tissue contains more water -75%... males have more…
the average percent of fluid by weight.
45 to 75 percent by weight- average of 65%
What two variables affect this percent…
1. The age ... 2. relative amounts of adipose connective tissue…
19 terms
A&P Chapter 25
What is the net direction of K+ moveme…
Which acid is formed from CO2?
How do the kidneys respond to increase…
Describe the change (increase, decreas…
H+ moves from the ECF into the ICF to reestablish acid-base b…
Carbonic acid (H2CO3) is produced when carbon dioxide combine…
They reabsorb all filtered HCO3-, synthesize and absorb new H…
Blood CO2 decreases, blood H+ decreases, and blood pH increas…
What is the net direction of K+ moveme…
H+ moves from the ECF into the ICF to reestablish acid-base b…
Which acid is formed from CO2?
Carbonic acid (H2CO3) is produced when carbon dioxide combine…
156 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 25 Urinary System
What are several functions of the urin…
What are the major organs of the Urina…
Urinary System organs major functions
Flow of blood from the Aorta to kidney…
excretion - removal of wastes... elimination - discharge of wate…
Kidneys... Ureters ... Urinary Bladder... Urethra
Kidneys: produce urine... Ureters: transport urine from kidneys…
Aorta to ... Abdominal Aorta to... Renal Artery to... Segmental Artery…
What are several functions of the urin…
excretion - removal of wastes... elimination - discharge of wate…
What are the major organs of the Urina…
Kidneys... Ureters ... Urinary Bladder... Urethra
50 terms
A&P Chapter 25 & 26
Angiotensin
Angiotensinogen
Aquaporin
Brush border
protein produced by the enzymatic action of renin on angioten…
inactive protein in the circulation produced by the liver; pr…
protein-forming water channels through the lipid bilayer of t…
formed by microvilli on the surface of certain cuboidal cells…
Angiotensin
protein produced by the enzymatic action of renin on angioten…
Angiotensinogen
inactive protein in the circulation produced by the liver; pr…
A&P Chapter 25
3 main dietary sources of energy
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
All the chemical reactions in the body
All chemical reactions that break down complex organic molecu…
Chemical reactions that combine simple molecules to form comp…
3 main dietary sources of energy
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions in the body
24 terms
Chapter 25 A&P
metabolism
catabolism... anabolism
energy for active processes... synthesis…
ATP
all chemical reactions in the body
two types of metabolism
3 uses of energy
the molecule that participates most often in energy exchanges…
metabolism
all chemical reactions in the body
catabolism... anabolism
two types of metabolism
57 terms
A&P Chapter 25
Gastroenterology
Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
The study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and treatm…
The organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
Selective intake of food.
Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable…
Gastroenterology
The study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and treatm…
Digestive System
The organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
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