How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "a and p 2 chapter 26"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "a and p 2 chapter 26"

79 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 & 27
Functions of the Urinary System
Internal Anatomy of the Kidneys
Pathway for Urine Drainage
Urine: what is it.
Regulation of:... blood ionic composition... blood pH ... blood volume…
Filtered fluid formed by nephrons drains into collecting duct…
filtrate which enters calyces (no further reabsorption)
Functions of the Urinary System
Regulation of:... blood ionic composition... blood pH ... blood volume…
Internal Anatomy of the Kidneys
28 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Plasma
Interstitial Fluid
Fluid within the cell.
Fluid outside the cell.... Internal fluid located outside cells;…
Extracellular fluid in the blood... The nonliving fluid componen…
Extracellular fluid that is in the CT between the cells in th…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within the cell.
Extracellular Fluid
Fluid outside the cell.... Internal fluid located outside cells;…
17 terms
A & P: Chapter 26.2
Oxidative Carbohydrate
Dietary Carbohydrates
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H20
Three Major Pathways of Glucose Catabo…
glucose metabolism
burned as fuel within hours of absorption
glucose to ATP
glycolysis, anaerobic fermentation, aerobic respiration
Oxidative Carbohydrate
glucose metabolism
Dietary Carbohydrates
burned as fuel within hours of absorption
56 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
What are the basic functions of the ur…
The Kidneys are located where in regar…
What is the Renal capsule?
What is the Renal Cortex?
Waste elimination, maintain blood volume and composition, mai…
laterally to the spine between T12 and L3
a transparent, fibrous layer on the outer surface of the kidn…
contains nephrons (blood filtering structures) Region is deep…
What are the basic functions of the ur…
Waste elimination, maintain blood volume and composition, mai…
The Kidneys are located where in regar…
laterally to the spine between T12 and L3
100 terms
A & P 2: Chapter 26
Urinary system is composed of, 4
Functions of the urinary system:
The kidney does what,
The kidney regulates the plasma volume…
Urinary System Components:... -Kidneys... -Ureters... -Urinary Blad…
1. Excretion (kidney): ... 2. Elimination (UT): ... 3. Regulation o…
remove organic wastes from blood
-blood volume, BP... -conc. of ions... -stabilize blood pH... -cons…
Urinary system is composed of, 4
Urinary System Components:... -Kidneys... -Ureters... -Urinary Blad…
Functions of the urinary system:
1. Excretion (kidney): ... 2. Elimination (UT): ... 3. Regulation o…
103 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
functions of the kidneys
renal hilum
3 layers tissue that surround the kidney
renal capsule
regulation of blood ionic composition... regulation of blood pH…
indention where the ureter emerges along with blood vessels,…
renal capsule... adipose capsule... renal fascia
deep layer... smooth, transparent sheer of dense irregular conne…
functions of the kidneys
regulation of blood ionic composition... regulation of blood pH…
renal hilum
indention where the ureter emerges along with blood vessels,…
24 terms
A&P2 chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
Plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid inside the cell
fluid outside the cell
cellular fluid in the blood
cellular fluid in the CT
intracellular fluid
fluid inside the cell
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cell
84 terms
A&P2 Chapter 26 - Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Ingestion
Motility
Also known as the gastrointestinal tract. Serves as the pathw…
These organs assist in the digestion of food. Structures incl…
This is the introduction of solid and liquid nutrients into t…
This is a general term describing both voluntary and involunt…
Alimentary Canal
Also known as the gastrointestinal tract. Serves as the pathw…
Accessory Organs
These organs assist in the digestion of food. Structures incl…
157 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 26
Gonads
Heterocrine
Gametes
Meiosis
These are the primary sex organs which include the male teste…
Are the gonads endocrine, exocrine, or heterocrine glands
Special reproductive cells which included the male sperm and…
How are gametes produced? By mitosis or meiosis?
Gonads
These are the primary sex organs which include the male teste…
Heterocrine
Are the gonads endocrine, exocrine, or heterocrine glands
42 terms
Chapter 26 A&P 2
Electrolytes
Nonelectrolytes
thirst mechanism
dehydration
ionic compounds that dissociate (separate) in water. Includes…
Covalent compounds that do not dissociate in water. Includes…
driving force for water intake
negative fluid balance in the body. water output exceeds wate…
Electrolytes
ionic compounds that dissociate (separate) in water. Includes…
Nonelectrolytes
Covalent compounds that do not dissociate in water. Includes…
12 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
ECF
ICF
dehydration
edema
intestinal fluid, plasma, and other bodily fluids... electrolyte…
the cytosol= fluid in cells
water input is lower than water output
tissue swelling
ECF
intestinal fluid, plasma, and other bodily fluids... electrolyte…
ICF
the cytosol= fluid in cells
19 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 26
Functions of Kidneys
Regulating Blood Volume and Blood Pres…
Regulating Plasma Contractions of Ions
Stabilize Blood pH
Regulating blood volume and blood pressure... Regulating plasma…
Controls the amount of water lost in urine
Controls the amount of sodium, potassium, and calcium
Controls amount of hydrogen ions and bicarbonate ions
Functions of Kidneys
Regulating blood volume and blood pressure... Regulating plasma…
Regulating Blood Volume and Blood Pres…
Controls the amount of water lost in urine
67 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
How much of the extracelluar fluid is…
Which has greater osmotic power, non e…
What has the greatest ability to cause…
What is the major Cation in the extrac…
3L
Electrolytes
Electrolytes
Na+
How much of the extracelluar fluid is…
3L
Which has greater osmotic power, non e…
Electrolytes
116 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 26
What are the functions of the kidneys?
What ions do kidneys regulate?
How do the kidneys regulate blood pH?
How do the kidneys regulate blood volu…
-regulate blood ion composition... -regulate blood pH... -regulate…
Na+, K+, Ca^2+, Cl-, HPO4^2-
excrete H+ and conserve HCO3-
conserve/eliminate H2O
What are the functions of the kidneys?
-regulate blood ion composition... -regulate blood pH... -regulate…
What ions do kidneys regulate?
Na+, K+, Ca^2+, Cl-, HPO4^2-
26 terms
A&P Chapter 26
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Dehydration
Dihydroxyvitamin D
Diuresis
also known as vasopressin, a hormone that increases the volum…
state of containing insufficient water in blood and other tis…
active form of vitamin D required by the intestinal epithelia…
excess production of urine
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
also known as vasopressin, a hormone that increases the volum…
Dehydration
state of containing insufficient water in blood and other tis…
56 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
What are the basic functions of the ur…
The Kidneys are located where in regar…
What is the Renal capsule?
What is the Renal Cortex?
Waste elimination, maintain blood volume and composition, mai…
laterally to the spine between T12 and L3
a transparent, fibrous layer on the outer surface of the kidn…
contains nephrons (blood filtering structures) Region is deep…
What are the basic functions of the ur…
Waste elimination, maintain blood volume and composition, mai…
The Kidneys are located where in regar…
laterally to the spine between T12 and L3
50 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
How much of the total volume of the bo…
80% of the extracellular fluid is:... a.…
This is the largest single component o…
This occurs when water loss is greater…
2/3
Interstitial fluid
Water
Dehydration
How much of the total volume of the bo…
2/3
80% of the extracellular fluid is:... a.…
Interstitial fluid
25 terms
Chapter 26 A&P 2
What is intracellular fluid?
What is extracellular fluid?
What is interstitial fluid?
What is the most important cation insi…
It is fluid inside the cell.
It is fluid outside the cell.
It is fluid in between the cells.
It is Potassium.
What is intracellular fluid?
It is fluid inside the cell.
What is extracellular fluid?
It is fluid outside the cell.
125 terms
Urinary System Chapter 26 A & P 2
1) The urinary system does all of the…
2) Functions of the urinary system inc…
3) A glomerulus is ... A) the source of e…
4) How is the kidney involved with nor…
B) excreting excess albumin molecules.
E) All of the answers are correct.
D) a knot of capillaries within the renal corpuscle.
B) The kidney produces calcitriol.
1) The urinary system does all of the…
B) excreting excess albumin molecules.
2) Functions of the urinary system inc…
E) All of the answers are correct.
42 terms
A&P 2 chapter 26-KO
net gain of energy from kreb's cycle
net gain of glycolysis and kreb's
electron transport chain happens in the
most energy in glucose is stored in el…
2 ATP, 6 NADH, and 2 FADH2
4ATP... 10 NADH... 2 FADH2
inner mitochondrial membrane
NADH; FADH2
net gain of energy from kreb's cycle
2 ATP, 6 NADH, and 2 FADH2
net gain of glycolysis and kreb's
4ATP... 10 NADH... 2 FADH2
7 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 Notes/Powerpoints
What is the nitrogenous waste product…
What is the advantage of producing ure…
What is the disadvantage of producing…
What two substances are most important…
Urea
...
...
-Calcitrol ... -Erythropoietin
What is the nitrogenous waste product…
Urea
What is the advantage of producing ure…
...
13 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 Homework
Which is not a major function of the k…
This is the formation of a new glucose…
Which of the following is a waste prod…
Which is the correct order of blood fl…
-regulation of blood cell size
-gluconeogenesis
-urea
-interlobar arteries > arcuate arteries > glomerular capillar…
Which is not a major function of the k…
-regulation of blood cell size
This is the formation of a new glucose…
-gluconeogenesis
24 terms
A and P 2 chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
Plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid inside the cell
fluid outside the cell
cellular fluid in the blood
cellular fluid in the CT
intracellular fluid
fluid inside the cell
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cell
86 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 26
The urinary system does all of the fol…
Functions of the urinary system includ…
A glomerulus is ... A) the expanded end…
The kidneys not only remove waste prod…
A
E
B
E
The urinary system does all of the fol…
A
Functions of the urinary system includ…
E
29 terms
A&P Chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid within cells; aka cytoplasm
fluid outside the cells; ex: plasma in the blood, interstitia…
the fluid portion of the blood
fluid between the cells in tissues other than blood (solid ti…
intracellular fluid
fluid within cells; aka cytoplasm
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cells; ex: plasma in the blood, interstitia…
264 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 Digestive
GI tract AKA
GI tract consists of
Digestive accessory organs
What regulates digestion
Alimentary canal
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach ... Small intestine ... Large intes…
Teeth... Tongue... Salivary glands... Liver... Gallbladder ... Pancreas
Nervous & endocrine
GI tract AKA
Alimentary canal
GI tract consists of
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach ... Small intestine ... Large intes…
36 terms
A&P2 Chapter 26: Study Guide
What tissue is the least hydrated?
What is an adult's total water weight?
Why do females have a lower body water…
What are the two main fluid compartmen…
Subcutaneous tissue (adipose)
40 L
Due to their higher fat content and skeletal muscle mass
Intracellular fluid (ICF): 2/3 total body fluid... Extracellular…
What tissue is the least hydrated?
Subcutaneous tissue (adipose)
What is an adult's total water weight?
40 L
131 terms
A&P II Chapter 26 - Nutrition and Metabolism
Nutrition
Nutrients
Metabolism
Aerobic Organism
•The starting point and the basis for all human form and func…
-Provide the chemicals to make ATP
The CHEMICAL CHANGES that lie at the foundation of form and f…
-Can only survive and grow in an oxygenated environment... -It n…
Nutrition
•The starting point and the basis for all human form and func…
Nutrients
-Provide the chemicals to make ATP
87 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 26 (Digestive System)
Which is not a function of the digesti…
Which organ is not part of the gastroi…
Which organ is not considered an acces…
An organ that helps break down food bu…
d
e
e
b
Which is not a function of the digesti…
d
Which organ is not part of the gastroi…
e
80 terms
A&P Chapter 26
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
180-200L
urinary system
ionic composition, pH, volume, pressur…
organs of the urinary system
how much blood is filtered through the urinary system daily?
regulate blood chemistry, aid in regulating blood glucose lev…
what does the urinary system regulate with regard to blood ch…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
organs of the urinary system
180-200L
how much blood is filtered through the urinary system daily?
40 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 26 Vocab
Urinary system
Kidneys
Nephron
Renal corpuscle
System that consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary b…
Major excretory organs of the body that are bean-shaped and a…
The histological and functional unit of the kidney that consi…
Area in the kidneys where filtration occurs, and this filtrat…
Urinary system
System that consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary b…
Kidneys
Major excretory organs of the body that are bean-shaped and a…
227 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 26-29
Kidney
Kidneys
Renal Capsule
Adipose Capsule
is located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.
organs surrounded by the 3 tissue layers: renal capsule, adip…
a tissue layer surrounding the kidneys, composed of connectiv…
a tissue layer surrounding the kidneys, composed of fatty tis…
Kidney
is located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.
Kidneys
organs surrounded by the 3 tissue layers: renal capsule, adip…
24 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 Urinary System
Removal of organic wastes from body fl…
Discharge of wastes into the environme…
Internal cavity within the kidne
Superficial portion of the kidney in c…
Function of the urinary system
Function of the urinary system
Renal Sinus
Renal Cortex
Removal of organic wastes from body fl…
Function of the urinary system
Discharge of wastes into the environme…
Function of the urinary system
72 terms
a & p 2...chapter 26, urinary system
nephrons are responsible for..
glomerular filtration is governed by
everyday the glomeruli generate
goal of autoregulation at the local le…
• production of filtrate ... • reabsorption of useful organic ma…
the balance between the hydrostatic and colloid osmotic press…
about 180 liters (50 gal) of filtrate; about 99% is reabsorbed
to maintain an adequate GFR despite changes in local blood pr…
nephrons are responsible for..
• production of filtrate ... • reabsorption of useful organic ma…
glomerular filtration is governed by
the balance between the hydrostatic and colloid osmotic press…
10 terms
A&P 2 chapter 26 nutrition and metabolism
____ I not use as fuel and are require…
The only significant adjustable polysa…
Which of the following stores the grea…
The lipoproteins the lipoproteins that…
Micronutrients
Starch
Triglycerides
HDLs
____ I not use as fuel and are require…
Micronutrients
The only significant adjustable polysa…
Starch
30 terms
Chapter 26 A and P
short-term regulators
ghrelin
peptide YY
cholecystokinin
make one feel hungry before meal or full after a meal; work o…
secreted by parietal cells in empty stomach... -produces sensati…
secreted by enteroendocrine cells in intestines once stomach…
secreted by enteroendocrine cells in intestines once stomach…
short-term regulators
make one feel hungry before meal or full after a meal; work o…
ghrelin
secreted by parietal cells in empty stomach... -produces sensati…
33 terms
Chapter 26 Nutrition and Metabolism A&P 2
Nutrition?
Metabolism?
Weight?
Gain Weight
Is the starting point and the basis for all human form and fu…
is the chemical change that lies at the foundation of form an…
Determined by the body's energy balance ... - if energy intake a…
If intake exceeds output
Nutrition?
Is the starting point and the basis for all human form and fu…
Metabolism?
is the chemical change that lies at the foundation of form an…
32 terms
Chapter 26 A&P 2 (Male)
- Gonads: Male- testes, Female- ovarie…
Cell division that serves to form hapl…
Fusion of sperm and egg to form a new…
Cell that is formed when fertilization…
Explain the similarities in the male and female reproductive…
Define Meiosis
Define Fertilization
Define Zygote
- Gonads: Male- testes, Female- ovarie…
Explain the similarities in the male and female reproductive…
Cell division that serves to form hapl…
Define Meiosis
45 terms
Chapter 26 a&p
B) regulation of blood cell size
B) gluconeogenesis
A) urea
B) renal capsule
Which is not a major function of the kidney?... A) regulation of…
This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.... A) glycolysi…
Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted b…
This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is cont…
B) regulation of blood cell size
Which is not a major function of the kidney?... A) regulation of…
B) gluconeogenesis
This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.... A) glycolysi…
67 terms
Chapter 26 Human A&P 2
What do renal pyramids contain?
Renal Medulla?
Renal Cortex
What is a nephron?
arterioles , venules, & collecting ducts
all the structures in the kidney
contains the functional part of urinary system (outer)
basic structural& functional part of the kidney
What do renal pyramids contain?
arterioles , venules, & collecting ducts
Renal Medulla?
all the structures in the kidney
26 terms
A&P Chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid within cells
fluid outside the cells
the fluid portion of the blood
fluid between the cells
intracellular fluid
fluid within cells
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cells
64 terms
A/P-Chapter 26
Nonelectrolytes
Electrolytes
Na, Ca, HCO3, Cl, A-in blood plasma no…
K+, HPO4, A-(proteins)
usually molecules with covalent bonds ... -large molecules... -make…
chemical compounds which dissociate in water and are ions ... -m…
Substances greater in ECF
Substances greater in ICF
Nonelectrolytes
usually molecules with covalent bonds ... -large molecules... -make…
Electrolytes
chemical compounds which dissociate in water and are ions ... -m…
97 terms
A&P Chapter 26
Urinary System
Filtering blood
Homeostatic Kidney Functions
Location of kidneys
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra... Maintains homeostasis…
filtration, reabsorption, secretion --> excrete wastes
regulation of blood ionic composition... Regulation of blood pH…
lie behind peritoneum on posterior abdominal wall on either s…
Urinary System
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra... Maintains homeostasis…
Filtering blood
filtration, reabsorption, secretion --> excrete wastes
61 terms
A&P Chapter 26
Kidney and ureter
bladder and urethra
filter blood, produce hormones, regula…
180-200
Urinary system paired organs
Urinary system unpaired organs
Function of the Urinary System
The urinary system filters ____ liters of blood daily
Kidney and ureter
Urinary system paired organs
bladder and urethra
Urinary system unpaired organs
110 terms
Chapter 26 A&P
3 major functions of the urinary system
5 extra functions of the urinary system
4 basic organs of the urinary system
describe the unique location of the ki…
1.excretion of wastes... 2.elimination of wastes... 3.homeostatic r…
1. regulate blood volume and pressure... 2. regulate plasma conc…
kidney-ureters-urinary bladder-urethra
retroperitoneal-behind parietal peritoneum and against deep m…
3 major functions of the urinary system
1.excretion of wastes... 2.elimination of wastes... 3.homeostatic r…
5 extra functions of the urinary system
1. regulate blood volume and pressure... 2. regulate plasma conc…
71 terms
A & P Chapter 26
The urinary system does all of the fol…
Functions of the urinary system include
A glomerulus is
How is the kidney involved with normal…
excreting excess albumin molecules
all of the answers are correct
a knot of capillaries within the renal corpuscle
the kidney produces calcitriol
The urinary system does all of the fol…
excreting excess albumin molecules
Functions of the urinary system include
all of the answers are correct
45 terms
Chapter 26 a&p
B) regulation of blood cell size
B) gluconeogenesis
A) urea
B) renal capsule
Which is not a major function of the kidney?... A) regulation of…
This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.... A) glycolysi…
Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted b…
This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is cont…
B) regulation of blood cell size
Which is not a major function of the kidney?... A) regulation of…
B) gluconeogenesis
This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.... A) glycolysi…
63 terms
A&P Chapter 26
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
Urethra
produce urine
transport urine to the bladder
temporary storage of urine
transports urine out of the body
Kidneys
produce urine
Ureters
transport urine to the bladder
17 terms
A&P II - Chapter 26.2
What does pH affect?
What are the normal pH of body fluids?
Most hydrogen atoms are produced by th…
A strong acid such as what dissociates…
All functional proteins and biochemical reactions
Arterial blood: pH 7.4... Venous blood and IF fluid: pH 7.35... ICF…
Lactic acid from anaerobic respiration of glucose ... Fatty acid…
HCl
What does pH affect?
All functional proteins and biochemical reactions
What are the normal pH of body fluids?
Arterial blood: pH 7.4... Venous blood and IF fluid: pH 7.35... ICF…
51 terms
A&P Chapter 26
watery solutions
osmosis
normal function
Chemical reactions of life happen in
Water moves through semi-permeable membranes by
An appropriate balance of water and solutes is needed to main…
watery solutions
Chemical reactions of life happen in
osmosis
Water moves through semi-permeable membranes by
1 of 10