Study sets matching "a and p test 2 chapter 18"

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Study sets matching "a and p test 2 chapter 18"

136 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 18
c
c
a
d
4) In the middle of the thoracic cavity is a region occupied…
5) The visceral pericardium is the same as the... A) mediastinum…
6) The term used to describe fluid collecting in the pericard…
7) The earlike extension of the atrium is the... A) ventricle.... B…
c
4) In the middle of the thoracic cavity is a region occupied…
c
5) The visceral pericardium is the same as the... A) mediastinum…
A&P 2 - Chapter 18
arteries
color of oxygenated blood on model
color of deoxygenated blood on model
capillaries
-carry blood away from the heart... -oxygenated, except for pulm…
red
blue
-contact tissue cells; directly serve cellular needs... -nutrien…
arteries
-carry blood away from the heart... -oxygenated, except for pulm…
color of oxygenated blood on model
red
56 terms
A&P chapter 18
functions of circulatory system
4-6
plasma
formed elements
transport, protect (destroy microorganisms, clotting), regulate
adults have _____liters of blood
matrix of blood, clear light yellow fluid
red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
functions of circulatory system
transport, protect (destroy microorganisms, clotting), regulate
4-6
adults have _____liters of blood
A & P Chapter 18 Test 2
Cardiovascular System refers only to the
Hematology
Circulatory System consists of the
Functions of Circulatory System
heart and vessels
the study of blood
heart, blood vessels, and blood
Transport, Protection, Regulation
Cardiovascular System refers only to the
heart and vessels
Hematology
the study of blood
32 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18
Direct Communication
Gap Junctions
Paracrine Communication
Hormones
Occurs between two cells of the same type, cells must be in e…
Coordinate ciliary movement among epithelial cells, coordinat…
Chemical messengers that transfer infromation from cell to ce…
chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and trans…
Direct Communication
Occurs between two cells of the same type, cells must be in e…
Gap Junctions
Coordinate ciliary movement among epithelial cells, coordinat…
54 terms
A&P Test 2 chapter 18
Discuss the mechanics of heart-mediate…
Differentiate between the left & right…
Recall general characteristics of hear…
Orientation: ... - base - broad, flat are…
1) Compresses blood (fluid) in heart chambers forcibly ejecti…
1) Pulmonary circuit pump - RIGHT heart blood moves only to a…
Body location: Located in mediastinum (medial thoracic cavity…
...
Discuss the mechanics of heart-mediate…
1) Compresses blood (fluid) in heart chambers forcibly ejecti…
Differentiate between the left & right…
1) Pulmonary circuit pump - RIGHT heart blood moves only to a…
A&P 2 - Chapter 18
c
c
a
d
4) In the middle of the thoracic cavity is a region occupied…
5) The visceral pericardium is the same as the... A) mediastinum…
6) The term used to describe fluid collecting in the pericard…
7) The earlike extension of the atrium is the... A) ventricle.... B…
c
4) In the middle of the thoracic cavity is a region occupied…
c
5) The visceral pericardium is the same as the... A) mediastinum…
79 terms
A&P CHAPTER 18
blood vessel wall structure
3 tunics
tunica intima
tunica media
3 tunics, endothelium (simple squamous epithelium that lines…
innermost; tunica intima, middle: tunica media, outermost: tu…
innermost layer, made of endothelium in intimate contact with…
middle layer, mostly circularly arranged smooth muscle cells…
blood vessel wall structure
3 tunics, endothelium (simple squamous epithelium that lines…
3 tunics
innermost; tunica intima, middle: tunica media, outermost: tu…
Chapter 18 A&P 2 Review
Mediastinum
Base of heart
Apex
Anastomoses
Location where the heart is located in the body (between 2nd…
(posterior surface) leans towards right shoulder
Leans towards left hip
Junction of vessels, acts as an extra route to get to tissue…
Mediastinum
Location where the heart is located in the body (between 2nd…
Base of heart
(posterior surface) leans towards right shoulder
Chapter 18 A&P
Hematopoiesis
Osteocytes
Minerals of bone
Patella
Blood formation
Bone cells
Calcium and phosphorus
Knee cap
Hematopoiesis
Blood formation
Osteocytes
Bone cells
27 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18
Functions and Properties of Blood
Hematocrit
Plasma and Plasma Proteins
Blood cell production (Hemopoiesis)
-functions in respiration, nutrition, waste elimination, ther…
-centrifuging blood forces formed elements to separate from p…
-plasma is a mixture of proteins, enzymes, nutrients, wastes,…
-Hemopoietic tissues produce blood cells... -yolk sac in vertebr…
Functions and Properties of Blood
-functions in respiration, nutrition, waste elimination, ther…
Hematocrit
-centrifuging blood forces formed elements to separate from p…
19 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 18
plasma
formed elements
types of formed elements:
erythrocytes
clear, light yellow fluid constituting a little over half of…
cells and cell fragments including the red blood cells, white…
erythrocytes (red blood cells)... platelets ... leukocytes (white b…
red blood cells
plasma
clear, light yellow fluid constituting a little over half of…
formed elements
cells and cell fragments including the red blood cells, white…
49 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 18
Endocrine System
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine Gland
Hormones
coordinates the function of body systems, along with the nerv…
Discharge secretions (enzymes) via ducts, on to epithelial su…
Discharge secretions (hormones) into interstitial fluid, the…
chemical messengers associated with endocrine organs produced…
Endocrine System
coordinates the function of body systems, along with the nerv…
Exocrine Gland
Discharge secretions (enzymes) via ducts, on to epithelial su…
A&P 2 Chapter 18
cardiovascular system
platelets
plama
functions of blood
composed of heart and vessels
clot blood and prevent blood loss from damaged vessels
fluid portion containing plasma proteins and dissolved solutes
transportation: formed elements and dissolved ions throughout…
cardiovascular system
composed of heart and vessels
platelets
clot blood and prevent blood loss from damaged vessels
40 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18.4-18.5 (Test 2)
Leukocytes
Granules
Neutrophils (60% to 70%)
Eosinophils (2% to 4%)
• Least abundant formed element... » 5,000 to 10,000 WBCs/µL... • P…
- All WBCs have lysosomes called nonspecific (azurophilic)... gr…
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes... • Barely visible granules in cyt…
Large rosy-orange granules; bilobed nucleus
Leukocytes
• Least abundant formed element... » 5,000 to 10,000 WBCs/µL... • P…
Granules
- All WBCs have lysosomes called nonspecific (azurophilic)... gr…
Learning outcomes chapter 18 A&P2
transport functions of blood
protective functions of blood
regulatory function of blood
general components of blood
blood is responsible for transporting oxygen, CO2, absorbs nu…
prevention of blood loss
maintenance of normal pH levels in tissues
-extracellular matrix (plasma)... -formed elements, cells (eryth…
transport functions of blood
blood is responsible for transporting oxygen, CO2, absorbs nu…
protective functions of blood
prevention of blood loss
A&P2 Chapter 18
Nervous System Recap
Endocrine System
Hormones
Exocrine Glands
-Send nerve impulses through synapses... -Use neurotransmitters…
-Releases hormones ... -Much slower than the nervous system (Sev…
- A mediator that is released in one part of the body but reg…
-Secret their product (NONE ARE HORMONES) into ducts that car…
Nervous System Recap
-Send nerve impulses through synapses... -Use neurotransmitters…
Endocrine System
-Releases hormones ... -Much slower than the nervous system (Sev…
43 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18.1-18.2 (Test 2)
Circulatory system
Cardiovascular system
Hematology
Functions of circulatory system
Consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
Refers only to the heart and blood vessels
The study of blood
- Transport... • O2, CO2, nutrients, wastes, hormones, and stem…
Circulatory system
Consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
Cardiovascular system
Refers only to the heart and blood vessels
18 terms
A & P II Chapter 18
Melatonin is produced by the
The Suprarenal cortex produces steroid…
The primary target of insulin is
In _____ diabetes, target cells do not…
Pineal Gland
corticosteroids
cardiac muscle cells, liver cells, skeletal muscle fibers and…
type 2
Melatonin is produced by the
Pineal Gland
The Suprarenal cortex produces steroid…
corticosteroids
87 terms
A&P Chapter 18
Mechanics of heart-mediated blood circ…
Pulmonary circuit pump
Systemic circuit pump
size/weight of heart
compresses blood (fluid) in heart chambers rhythmically contr…
right heart blood moves only to and from lungs (pulmonary art…
left heart blood supplies all body tissues/organs, includes l…
fist, <16oz
Mechanics of heart-mediated blood circ…
compresses blood (fluid) in heart chambers rhythmically contr…
Pulmonary circuit pump
right heart blood moves only to and from lungs (pulmonary art…
11 terms
A and p 2 chapter 18
hormones
nervous system
Endocrine system
endocrine in function
chemical signals of endocrine system, relaeased by cells at o…
release mediators called neurotransmitter, mediators act clos…
releases mediators called hormones, mediators act far from si…
pituitary gland , thyroid gland, parathyroid, pineal
hormones
chemical signals of endocrine system, relaeased by cells at o…
nervous system
release mediators called neurotransmitter, mediators act clos…
214 terms
A&P 2- Chapter 18
What kind of tissue is blood?
What is blood made of?
What fluid suspends the formed element…
Plasma is made mostly of ____.
Connective tissue
RBC,WBC, and platelets
Plasma
water
What kind of tissue is blood?
Connective tissue
What is blood made of?
RBC,WBC, and platelets
118 terms
Chapter 18 A&P 2
The body contains 2 kinds of glands:
Secrete their products through ducts i…
Secrete there products (hormones) into…
The ______ _______ controls homeostasi…
Exocrine/endocrine
Exocrine
Endocrine
Nervous system
The body contains 2 kinds of glands:
Exocrine/endocrine
Secrete their products through ducts i…
Exocrine
A&P 2 Chapter 18
Describe the size, shape, location, an…
Name the coverings of the heart
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and functions o…
250 to 350 grams about the size of a fist, within the mediast…
Pericardium - doubled-walled sac that encloses the heart. ... •F…
•Endocardium - inside layer of the heart wall, sheet of endot…
Left Atria - left superior chamber of the heart that receives…
Describe the size, shape, location, an…
250 to 350 grams about the size of a fist, within the mediast…
Name the coverings of the heart
Pericardium - doubled-walled sac that encloses the heart. ... •F…
96 terms
Blood A and P Chapter 18
Formed Elements of Blood and What are…
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Plasma
Cellular Components of Blood... 1. Erythrocytes... 2. Leukocytes... 3…
Erythocytes... a formed element of the blood that transports Ox…
Leukocytes... Formed element of the blood that PROVIDES DEFENSE…
in the blood- it is a Liquid Extracellular Matrix compost mos…
Formed Elements of Blood and What are…
Cellular Components of Blood... 1. Erythrocytes... 2. Leukocytes... 3…
Red Blood Cells
Erythocytes... a formed element of the blood that transports Ox…
14 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18.3 (Test 2)
Antigens
Agglutinogens
Antibodies
Agglutinins
- Complex molecules on surface of cell membrane... that are uniq…
Antigens on the surface of the RBC that are the basis for blo…
- Proteins (gamma globulins) secreted by plasma cells... • Part…
Antibodies in the plasma that bring about transfusion mismatc…
Antigens
- Complex molecules on surface of cell membrane... that are uniq…
Agglutinogens
Antigens on the surface of the RBC that are the basis for blo…
108 terms
A&P2 Chapter 18
1. Which of the following is NOT a reg…
2. Which of the following is NOT a reg…
3. The hypothalamus ... A. rests in the s…
4. The connecting stalk between the hy…
B. Regulates skeletal muscle contraction strength.
C. Regulates equilibrium and balance from the inner ear.
D. regulates the secretory activity of the pituitary gland
D. infundibulum.
1. Which of the following is NOT a reg…
B. Regulates skeletal muscle contraction strength.
2. Which of the following is NOT a reg…
C. Regulates equilibrium and balance from the inner ear.
41 terms
A&P II Chapter 18-2: Blood
Resting membrane potential
Prepotential
Plateau phase
Refractory period
-90mV
Spontaneously developing local potential
Slow depolarizing CA2+, slow repolarizing K+ channels
A short rest period between action potentials
Resting membrane potential
-90mV
Prepotential
Spontaneously developing local potential
67 terms
A&P Chapter 18
hormones
circulating hormones
local hormones
paracrines
proteins released from endocrine glands that circulate throug…
most hormones are
hormones that act without entering the blood
local hormones that act on neighboring cells
hormones
proteins released from endocrine glands that circulate throug…
circulating hormones
most hormones are
113 terms
A and P 2 Chapter 18
the study of blood is called ______
what are the 3 functions of the circul…
how many liters of blood do average ad…
blood is considered the body's only li…
hematology
transport... protection... regulation
5
connective tissue
the study of blood is called ______
hematology
what are the 3 functions of the circul…
transport... protection... regulation
62 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Direct Cell to Cell Communication
Paracrines Communication
Responses occur in milliseconds but last a very short time (n…
Responses may occur in minutes but can last long periods of t…
Cells transmit materials through gap junctions to adjacent ce…
Local hormones are released by a cell that affects cells in t…
Nervous System
Responses occur in milliseconds but last a very short time (n…
Endocrine System
Responses may occur in minutes but can last long periods of t…
22 terms
Chapter 18 A&P 2
Pericardium
Pericardial cavity
Pericarditis
Layers of the heart wall
The enclosed double walled sac the heart
The area of the heart that holds serous fluid
Inflammation of the pericardium which Ruffins the serous memb…
Epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium
Pericardium
The enclosed double walled sac the heart
Pericardial cavity
The area of the heart that holds serous fluid
A&P2 Chapter 18
Compared to veins, arteries have _____…
Which of the following describes an an…
What vessels typically carry blood awa…
Which of the following arteries has th…
D. Thicker tunica media... (Arteries have more smooth muscle a…
C. An artery empties directly into a vein without passing thr…
A. Arteries
A. Metarteriole
Compared to veins, arteries have _____…
D. Thicker tunica media... (Arteries have more smooth muscle a…
Which of the following describes an an…
C. An artery empties directly into a vein without passing thr…
Chapter 18 A and P 2
what two systems coordinate all the bo…
Which is longer lasting? Endocrine sys…
What are the two major types of glands?
Exocrine gland
the nervous system and the endocrine system. Nervous uses neu…
Nervous system is electrical and faster, but shorter lasting.…
Exocrine glands and endocrine glands
secrete their products into ducts, like the sweat glands, sal…
what two systems coordinate all the bo…
the nervous system and the endocrine system. Nervous uses neu…
Which is longer lasting? Endocrine sys…
Nervous system is electrical and faster, but shorter lasting.…
44 terms
Chapter 18-2 A + P
The Pituitary Gland
Anterior Lobe of the Pituitary Gland
Two classes of hypothalamic regulatory…
7 hormones of the anterior lobe
Lies within sella turcica... Hangs inferior to hypothalamus... Conn…
Hormones "turn on" endocrine glands or support the functions…
Releasing hormones (RH)... Stimulate synthesis and secretion of…
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)... Adrenocorticotropic hormone…
The Pituitary Gland
Lies within sella turcica... Hangs inferior to hypothalamus... Conn…
Anterior Lobe of the Pituitary Gland
Hormones "turn on" endocrine glands or support the functions…
132 terms
A&P 2 chapter 18
what does the cardio vascular system i…
the fluid of the cardiovascular system…
Name the term that refers to the study…
Name one of the three functions of blood
a fluid, a series of conducting tubes that distribute the flu…
Blood
Hematology
distributes nutrients, wastes, hormones, respiratory gases
what does the cardio vascular system i…
a fluid, a series of conducting tubes that distribute the flu…
the fluid of the cardiovascular system…
Blood
Blood A and P Chapter 18
Formed Elements of Blood and What are…
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Plasma
Cellular Components of Blood... 1. Erythrocytes... 2. Leukocytes... 3…
Erythocytes... a formed element of the blood that transports Ox…
Leukocytes... Formed element of the blood that PROVIDES DEFENSE…
in the blood- it is a Liquid Extracellular Matrix compost mos…
Formed Elements of Blood and What are…
Cellular Components of Blood... 1. Erythrocytes... 2. Leukocytes... 3…
Red Blood Cells
Erythocytes... a formed element of the blood that transports Ox…
Chapter 18 A&P2
Through which structure does blood pas…
From the left ventricle, what structur…
As the right ventricle contracts where…
As the right atrium contracts where do…
Tricuspid Valve
Aortic Semilunar Valve
Into the pulmonary trunk
Into the right ventricle
Through which structure does blood pas…
Tricuspid Valve
From the left ventricle, what structur…
Aortic Semilunar Valve
A&P 2 Chapter 18
Discuss the mechanics of heart-mediate…
Differentiate between the left and rig…
Recall general characteristics of hear…
Describe the 2 layers of the heart per…
-compresses blood in heart chambers forcibly ejecting it ... -ma…
Pulmonary circuit pump - right heart blood moves only to and…
-Located in mediastinum... -About the size of a human fist... -Lung…
Fibrous Pericardium: loose fitting, outer layer, tough connec…
Discuss the mechanics of heart-mediate…
-compresses blood in heart chambers forcibly ejecting it ... -ma…
Differentiate between the left and rig…
Pulmonary circuit pump - right heart blood moves only to and…
36 terms
A&P2 CHAPTER 18 HEART
blood pressure
systole
diastole
Lub
Force of blood against the arteries... Measured w a sphygomanome…
contraction
relaxation
Tri and Bi closing at the same time
blood pressure
Force of blood against the arteries... Measured w a sphygomanome…
systole
contraction
chapter 18 a&p2
location of the heart
mediastinum is the between the body ca…
about two thirds of the heart is to the
the base points of the heart is located
mediastinum
between the lungs where the heart lies
left of the midline
towards the right shoulder
location of the heart
mediastinum
mediastinum is the between the body ca…
between the lungs where the heart lies
38 terms
Learning outcomes chapter 18 A&P2
transport functions of blood
protective functions of blood
regulatory function of blood
general components of blood
blood is responsible for transporting oxygen, CO2, absorbs nu…
prevention of blood loss
maintenance of normal pH levels in tissues
-extracellular matrix (plasma)... -formed elements, cells (eryth…
transport functions of blood
blood is responsible for transporting oxygen, CO2, absorbs nu…
protective functions of blood
prevention of blood loss
78 terms
A&P 2 chapter 18
The pericardium is a sac like structur…
The outer layer is the epicardium (the…
The ventricular wall is much thicker.
The right atrium.
WHAT ARE THE THREE LAYERS OF PERICARDIUM?
WHAT ARE THE THREE LAYERS OF THE HEART WALL?
WHAT IS THE MOST NOTICEABLE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ATRIAL AND…
WHICH IS THE FIRST CHAMBER TO RECEIVE BLOOD?
The pericardium is a sac like structur…
WHAT ARE THE THREE LAYERS OF PERICARDIUM?
The outer layer is the epicardium (the…
WHAT ARE THE THREE LAYERS OF THE HEART WALL?
A&P Chapter 18
b
a
b
a
Stimulates the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct t…
Stimulates the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct t…
Forms the initial filtrate:... a. nephron loop... b. glomerulus... c.…
Work to make the renal medulla salty:... a. nephron loop... b. glo…
b
Stimulates the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct t…
a
Stimulates the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct t…
A&P 2 Chapter 18
Autonomic nervous system... Sympathetic
Autonomic nervous system... Parasympathetic
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Fight or flight... Increase in heart rate, respiratory rate,dila…
Rest and digest... Decrease in heart rate, decrease in RR, const…
Rapid increase to 150 m/sec... Short lived response... Neurotransmi…
Slow acting homes travel through blood stream to target.... Long…
Autonomic nervous system... Sympathetic
Fight or flight... Increase in heart rate, respiratory rate,dila…
Autonomic nervous system... Parasympathetic
Rest and digest... Decrease in heart rate, decrease in RR, const…
A&P 2 Chapter 18 Notes/Powerpoints
What does the nervous system release?
What does the endocrine system release?
What do exocrine glands do?
Name four types of exocrine glands
Neurotransmitters
Hormones
Secrete their products into ducts
-Sweat glands... -Oil glands... -Mucous glands... -Digestive glands
What does the nervous system release?
Neurotransmitters
What does the endocrine system release?
Hormones
46 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 18
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrine System
Endocrinology
Secrete their products through ducts into body cavities or on…
Secrete their products into the extracellular spaces around t…
Consists of endocrine glands and several organs that contain…
The science concerned with the structure and functions of the…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete their products through ducts into body cavities or on…
Endocrine Glands
Secrete their products into the extracellular spaces around t…
A & P 2 Chapter 18
adeno
andro
crin
endo
gland
man
to secrete
within
adeno
gland
andro
man
A&P Chapter 18: Endocrine System
Endocrine system
Target cell
Hormones
Similarities between endocrine and ner…
Body system that regulates long term processes like growth, d…
The specific cell has the receptor needed to cause a reaction…
Chemical messengers that stimulate synthesis of enzymes or st…
1. Reliance on release of chemicals to bind to specific recep…
Endocrine system
Body system that regulates long term processes like growth, d…
Target cell
The specific cell has the receptor needed to cause a reaction…
127 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 18
blood flows...
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
blood returning to the heart from the…
...through a network of blood vessels that extend between the…
right heart sens oxygen-poor blood to lungs via pulmonary art…
left heart sends oxygen-rich blood to body (other than lungs)…
must complete the pulmonary circuit before reentering the sys…
blood flows...
...through a network of blood vessels that extend between the…
pulmonary circuit
right heart sens oxygen-poor blood to lungs via pulmonary art…
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