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Study sets matching "a and p test 2"

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Study sets matching "a and p test 2"

62 terms
A&P test 2
Posture... Structure... Disease
Anteropsterior... Lateral ribs... Vertical d…
Ventilation... Distribution ... Perfusion ... D…
Air movement through the respiratory p…
Effects the respiratory volume
3 planes of the thorax
4 phases of respiration
Ventilation
Posture... Structure... Disease
Effects the respiratory volume
Anteropsterior... Lateral ribs... Vertical d…
3 planes of the thorax
162 terms
A&P Test 2
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum granulosum
stratum spinosum
the outermost protective layer of the epidermis composed of a…
seen only in thick skin. Here, the keratinocytes are densely…
(granular layer) consists of 2-5 layers of flat keratinocytes…
is the thickest stratum in most skin. It contains the highest…
stratum corneum
the outermost protective layer of the epidermis composed of a…
stratum lucidum
seen only in thick skin. Here, the keratinocytes are densely…
123 terms
A and P test 2
histology
types of tissues
epithelials cells ...
squamos cell..
study of microscopic tissue
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
line epidermiz, and GI tract
lines cavities
histology
study of microscopic tissue
types of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
A&P Test 2
2 types of cell junctions that anchor…
Keratin is...?
Which layer of the epidermis is compos…
which layer of the epidermis contains…
adherens junctions and desmomsomes
a protein
stratum basale
stratum granulosum
2 types of cell junctions that anchor…
adherens junctions and desmomsomes
Keratin is...?
a protein
43 terms
A&P Test 2
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Squamous
Simple Columnar
Pseudostratified
Secretion & Absorption... Ex: Kidney tubules, glands
-Allows materials to pass easily, where protection is NOT imp…
Absorption (secretion of mucous and enzymes)... Ex: digestive tr…
Multiple heights, but single layer. Mucous secretion... Ex: trac…
Simple Cuboidal
Secretion & Absorption... Ex: Kidney tubules, glands
Simple Squamous
-Allows materials to pass easily, where protection is NOT imp…
141 terms
A&P Test 2
active transport
pumps
channels
vesicular transport
Uses energy (ATP) to pump substances against their concentrat…
Facilitates active transport.
Facilitates passive transport.
Allows large particles to enter or exit cells.
active transport
Uses energy (ATP) to pump substances against their concentrat…
pumps
Facilitates active transport.
74 terms
A and P test 2
Which of the following is NOT one of t…
These types of cell junctions anchor a…
The thin extracellular layer, consisti…
Epithelial tissue
c) myocardial
c) adherens junctions and desmosomes
a) basement membrane.
a) is used as a covering of body surfaces.... b) is used as a li…
Which of the following is NOT one of t…
c) myocardial
These types of cell junctions anchor a…
c) adherens junctions and desmosomes
55 terms
A&pTest 2
afferent nerves
efferent nerves
Central Nervous System consists
Peripheral Nervous System consists
messages get sent to brain-receptors to CNS located in skin o…
messages sent from brain to the body in response-CNS to body…
-Brain and Spinal Cord
-sensory/nerves: afferent and efferent messages... -Somatic and…
afferent nerves
messages get sent to brain-receptors to CNS located in skin o…
efferent nerves
messages sent from brain to the body in response-CNS to body…
190 terms
A&P test 2
Cells
Cells
Cytology
Histology
All living things are made of units called
Units of structure and function
branch of biology that studies cells
branch of biology that studies tissues
Cells
All living things are made of units called
Cells
Units of structure and function
118 terms
A&P Test 2
Structure of Alveoli
Function of Alveoli
Chest Wall (structures responsible for…
Pleura (structures responsible for res…
Alveolar Pores (connection between alveoli) ... Type 1 Alveolar…
Exchange gases between air and blood by diffusion ... Capillarie…
Air tight ... Helps protect the lungs... Includes: rib cage, sternu…
Membrane lining of the lungs and chest wall ... There is a separ…
Structure of Alveoli
Alveolar Pores (connection between alveoli) ... Type 1 Alveolar…
Function of Alveoli
Exchange gases between air and blood by diffusion ... Capillarie…
137 terms
a and p test 2
cytology
cyt
Robert Hooke
what is the fundamental unit of life
the study of cells
cell prefix
coined the term cell, found it looking at a cork, named after…
cell
cytology
the study of cells
cyt
cell prefix
39 terms
A&P test 2
Epidermis
Epidermis Layers
stratum corneum
stratum lucidium
Stratified squamous epithelium.
1. Stratum corneum ... 2. Stratum lucidium... 3. stratum granulosum…
Horny layer. dead cells converted to protein, constantly shed…
clear layer. one - two cell layers thick; no known physiologi…
Epidermis
Stratified squamous epithelium.
Epidermis Layers
1. Stratum corneum ... 2. Stratum lucidium... 3. stratum granulosum…
216 terms
A&P test 2
What are the functions of blood and ho…
Blood Characteristics ... Colloid?... Whole…
Plasma
Plasma contains... Albumin?... Globulins?... Fi…
A) Transports nutrients, gases, waste products, regulatory mo…
A) ~ 8% of body weight (4 - 6 L in adult human)... B) pH = 7.35…
A) straw-colored liquid matrix; 55% of whole blood
(a) Water (~90%) and solutes (ions, gases, wastes, nutrients,…
What are the functions of blood and ho…
A) Transports nutrients, gases, waste products, regulatory mo…
Blood Characteristics ... Colloid?... Whole…
A) ~ 8% of body weight (4 - 6 L in adult human)... B) pH = 7.35…
63 terms
Test 2 A&P
c) Sphenoid
c) Flat bone
a) crest.
a) Parietal
Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?... a…
Which following types of bone is the occipital bone?... a) Long…
A prominent ridge or elongated projection on a bone is called…
Which of the following is NOT a facial bone?... a) Parietal... b)…
c) Sphenoid
Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?... a…
c) Flat bone
Which following types of bone is the occipital bone?... a) Long…
137 terms
A&P Test 2
3 types of skeletal cartilages
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
-provides support, flexibility, and resistance... -only collages…
-similar to hyaline cartilage but with elastic fibers ... -(supp…
-thick collagen fibers... -v strong... -found in labrum, vertebral…
3 types of skeletal cartilages
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
-provides support, flexibility, and resistance... -only collages…
36 terms
A&P 2 - Test 2 - Heart and Blood Vessel Vocab
systole
diastole
EKG
sinus rhythm
heart contraction, high pressure
heart relaxation, pressure between beats
Electrocardiogram; measures heart rate and duration of cardia…
normal beating of the heart as measured by an ECG
systole
heart contraction, high pressure
diastole
heart relaxation, pressure between beats
82 terms
A&P test 2
Epidermis layers
Stratum basale
Stratum spinosum
Stratum granulosum
Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosum... Stratum lu…
Epidermis layer that contains keratinocytes
Epidermis layer consisting of several layers held together by…
Epidermis layer with cells filled with granules of verathyalin
Epidermis layers
Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosum... Stratum lu…
Stratum basale
Epidermis layer that contains keratinocytes
172 terms
A&P Test 2
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Bones of orbital complex
non-movable joint
somewhat movable joint
highly mobile joint
7 total: Frontal, Zygomatic, maxillary, lacrimal, ethmoid, sp…
Synarthrosis
non-movable joint
Amphiarthrosis
somewhat movable joint
61 terms
A&P II Test 2
Which of the following statements corr…
When one hormone opposes the action of…
Which of the following is NOT a common…
Which of the following anterior pituit…
Only water-soluble hormones use second messengers
antagonistic effect
mechanical stretching of the endocrine cell
(human) Growth hormone
Which of the following statements corr…
Only water-soluble hormones use second messengers
When one hormone opposes the action of…
antagonistic effect
133 terms
A & P test 2
The functions of skeletal system
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Protection, mineral storage and acid-base homeostasis, blood…
named for their overall shape; they are longer than they are…
about as long as they are wide, or roughly cube-shaped
thin and broad
The functions of skeletal system
Protection, mineral storage and acid-base homeostasis, blood…
Long bones
named for their overall shape; they are longer than they are…
A&P Test 2
What is a selectively permeable membra…
How can substances enter and leave the…
What is diffusion? What is osmosis? Wh…
What do we mean when we say is there a…
allows the passive of water, but its phospholipid bilayer pre…
Diffusion, osmosis, and passive transport;
DIFFUSION: net movement of a substance from where it is more…
is there an electrical charge difference across the plasma me…
What is a selectively permeable membra…
allows the passive of water, but its phospholipid bilayer pre…
How can substances enter and leave the…
Diffusion, osmosis, and passive transport;
69 terms
A&P Test 2
4 Salivary glands
Parotid gland opening
Submandibular gland Opening
Sublingual glands opening
Filiform - tongue... Fungiform - dots... Circumvallate - V at the b…
opens near second upper molar
opens at base of lingual frenulum
opens via 10-12 ducts on floor of mouth
4 Salivary glands
Filiform - tongue... Fungiform - dots... Circumvallate - V at the b…
Parotid gland opening
opens near second upper molar
303 terms
A&P Test 2
What is osteology?
What are the four parts of the skeleta…
What do ligaments connect?
What do tendons connect?
the study of bones
bones... cartilage... ligaments... tendons
bone to bone at the joints
muscle to bone
What is osteology?
the study of bones
What are the four parts of the skeleta…
bones... cartilage... ligaments... tendons
63 terms
A&P test 2
function of lymph nodes
Structure of a Lymph Node
Circulation in the Lymph Nodes
Why are there more afferent lymphatic…
Filter lymph—macrophages destroy microorganisms and debris... Im…
External fibrous capsule... Trabeculae extend inward and divide…
enters through afferent lymphatic vessels(convex side)... travel…
More vessels coming in than leaving, which slows down the flo…
function of lymph nodes
Filter lymph—macrophages destroy microorganisms and debris... Im…
Structure of a Lymph Node
External fibrous capsule... Trabeculae extend inward and divide…
182 terms
A&P test 2 Farris
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
synarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
three types of joints:
immovable
somewhat moveable
freely moveable
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
three types of joints:
synarthrotic
immovable
61 terms
A&P test 2
what is the function of IGE?
what is normal BP?
arteriosclerosis is _____?
what part of the brain controls the va…
Triggers strong physical and inflammatory reactions to eject…
120/80
stiffening of the artery wall due to reduced elastic tissue
medulla
what is the function of IGE?
Triggers strong physical and inflammatory reactions to eject…
what is normal BP?
120/80
164 terms
a and p test 2
two largest vessels that transport blo…
two large vessels that recive blood fr…
which vessel returns oxygenated blood…
oxygen-rich blood is pumped tot he ent…
superior and inferior vena cava
aorta and pulmonary trunk
pulmonary veins
left
two largest vessels that transport blo…
superior and inferior vena cava
two large vessels that recive blood fr…
aorta and pulmonary trunk
64 terms
A & P Test 2
The type of cels that form the strata…
Large quantities of keratin are found…
The layer of the epidermis that contai…
The layer of the skin that provides a…
keratinocytes
stratum corneum*
stratum spinosum
epidermis
The type of cels that form the strata…
keratinocytes
Large quantities of keratin are found…
stratum corneum*
59 terms
A and P test 2
Hair
Hair Follicle
Arrector Pilli muscle
Hair Root Plexus
Dead keratinized cells tightly held together (hard Keratin)
Surrounds hair... Has epidermal and dermal root sheaths
Smooth muscle, attaches to root of hair and to C.C in papilla…
Sensory nerves around hair root
Hair
Dead keratinized cells tightly held together (hard Keratin)
Hair Follicle
Surrounds hair... Has epidermal and dermal root sheaths
100 terms
A&P 2 Makukutu Test 2 Review
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) trigger the…
Paranasal sinuses seem to have NO usef…
Which is correct?... a) arterial ph does…
A transfusion reaction is a subacute h…
A) cytokines
FALSE
A) arterial ph does not affect central chemoreceptors directly
TRUE
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) trigger the…
A) cytokines
Paranasal sinuses seem to have NO usef…
FALSE
21 terms
A&P test 2
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
1) What the letters COPD mean... 2) What…
4) What are ways to treat COPD ... 5) Way…
1. ... Ductus Venosus- a fetal vein that passes through the live…
3. ... Ductus Arteriosus- connection between the aorta and pulmo…
1. COPD means Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.... 2. chron…
4. There are no real treatment options for COPD because once…
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
1. ... Ductus Venosus- a fetal vein that passes through the live…
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
3. ... Ductus Arteriosus- connection between the aorta and pulmo…
107 terms
A&P Test 2
Origins of tissue
histogenesis
Functions of main tissue groups
Proteoglycans (ECM)
are arranged into germ layers... ectoderm-inner... mesoderm-middle…
-epithelial tissue (comes from germ layers)... -connective tissu…
Epithelial-covering tissue... Connective-supporting tissue... muscl…
mostly carb with protein backbone carbs (NAG)... NAG-acetyl gluc…
Origins of tissue
are arranged into germ layers... ectoderm-inner... mesoderm-middle…
histogenesis
-epithelial tissue (comes from germ layers)... -connective tissu…
122 terms
A&P Test 2
axial bones
appenicular bones
diaphysis
epiphysis
cranial, facial, vertebral, sternum/rib bones
pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs
tubular shaft that runs between the proximal and distal ends…
wider section at each end of a long bone, which is filled wit…
axial bones
cranial, facial, vertebral, sternum/rib bones
appenicular bones
pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs
114 terms
A&P Respiratory Test 2
olfaction, speech
pulmonary ventilation
external respiration
internal respiration
2 process other than respiration aided by the respiratory sys…
breathing air in and out of lungs
O2 and CO2 exchange between lungs and blood
O2 and CO2 exchange between blood and tissues
olfaction, speech
2 process other than respiration aided by the respiratory sys…
pulmonary ventilation
breathing air in and out of lungs
40 terms
A&P Test 2
hairs to stand for no apparent function
in lactating females
nail matrix
hemoglobin
1. The contraction of the piloerector muscles (pilomotor musc…
2. In whom are mammary glands found?
3. Mitosis in the __________ accounts for growth of the nail
4. The reddish color of the skin of the lips is primarily due…
hairs to stand for no apparent function
1. The contraction of the piloerector muscles (pilomotor musc…
in lactating females
2. In whom are mammary glands found?
163 terms
A & P Test 2
peritoneal cavity
peritonitis
external oblique
internal oblique
space enclosed by peritoneum, excludes pelvic cavity.
infection in peritoneal cavity. Complication of ruptured appe…
most superficial layer
middle layer
peritoneal cavity
space enclosed by peritoneum, excludes pelvic cavity.
peritonitis
infection in peritoneal cavity. Complication of ruptured appe…
257 terms
A&P Test 2
The skeletal system has 6 important fu…
Osteoprogenitor cells
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Provides support... Protects the internal organs (brain, heart,…
bone stem cells able to differentiate into the other types of…
bone building cells that secrete matrix
mature bone cells, trapped in hardened matrix (calcified)
The skeletal system has 6 important fu…
Provides support... Protects the internal organs (brain, heart,…
Osteoprogenitor cells
bone stem cells able to differentiate into the other types of…
111 terms
A&P test 2 review
Anastomes
Arterial arteries
Venous veins
Arteriovenous
2 different pathways to the same location
converge to supply the same region... Ex: brain
converge to drain the same region... Ex: arm
shunt that bypasses capillary bed... Ex: fingers and toes
Anastomes
2 different pathways to the same location
Arterial arteries
converge to supply the same region... Ex: brain
TEST 2 A&P
osteogenic cells
osteoblasts cell
osteocytes cell
osteoclasts cell
Unspecialized stem cells, Only bone cells to undergo cell div…
Bone-building cells by calcification. Synthesize and secrete…
Mature bone cells, maintain daily tissue activities and maint…
bone-destroying be resorpiton
osteogenic cells
Unspecialized stem cells, Only bone cells to undergo cell div…
osteoblasts cell
Bone-building cells by calcification. Synthesize and secrete…
50 terms
a and p test 2
cardiac output equation
s-ans effects on the ... -hr
p-ans effects on the ... - hr
chemical regulation of hr
CO = SV + HR
-increase the hr through cardiac accelerator nerves (from the…
-decrease the hr through the r. and . vagus nerves- using ach
- hormones such as epi, norepi and thyroid hormones... -cations…
cardiac output equation
CO = SV + HR
s-ans effects on the ... -hr
-increase the hr through cardiac accelerator nerves (from the…
192 terms
A&P Test 2
What is a basic definition of a joint?
What are the two primary functions of…
Please be sure that you know what we m…
fibrous joints Characteristics
The site where 2 or more bones meet
Give skeleton mobility and hold it together sometimes playing…
...
bones are joined by dense fibrous connective tissue... no joint…
What is a basic definition of a joint?
The site where 2 or more bones meet
What are the two primary functions of…
Give skeleton mobility and hold it together sometimes playing…
84 terms
A&P test 2
Arthritis
Shoulder Dislocation
Gout
Sprain
inflammation of the joints
displacement of bone from its normal position
uric acid crystals accumulate in joints and irritate cartilage
torn ligament or tendon
Arthritis
inflammation of the joints
Shoulder Dislocation
displacement of bone from its normal position
40 terms
A&P Test2
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
compact bone
simple ciliated columnar epithelium
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
35 terms
A&P I - TEST 2
CARTILAGE
CHONDROCYTES
PERICHONDRIUM
HYALINE CARTILAGE
-dense network of collagen fibers and elastic fibers firmly e…
-cartilage cells found in the spaces between lacunae
-(has blood vessels/nerves)... -2 layers !! Outer = fibrous / In…
-most abundant cartilage in body ... -Surrounded by PERICHONDRIU…
CARTILAGE
-dense network of collagen fibers and elastic fibers firmly e…
CHONDROCYTES
-cartilage cells found in the spaces between lacunae
63 terms
A&P Test#2
Anabolic reaction
Breakage of bonds that results in the…
Endergonic reactions require an outsid…
Breakage of chemical bonds release ene…
A reaction that makes larger molecules. example: synthesis, a…
Hydrolysis and Decomposition
anabolic
Catabolic
Anabolic reaction
A reaction that makes larger molecules. example: synthesis, a…
Breakage of bonds that results in the…
Hydrolysis and Decomposition
136 terms
A&P test 2
cell body or soma contains:
dendrites
axon hillock
trigger zone
nucleus, glogi complex, rough ER
extensions off the cell bodies, they increase the Surface are…
funnel shaped region that connects the cell body to the inita…
where an action potential or nerve impulse starts
cell body or soma contains:
nucleus, glogi complex, rough ER
dendrites
extensions off the cell bodies, they increase the Surface are…
139 terms
A&P I Test 2
simple
stratified
epithelium
simple squamous epithelium
means 1 cell layer
stacks of cell layers
covering/lining
function: filtration, diffusion, osmosis... location: air sacs o…
simple
means 1 cell layer
stratified
stacks of cell layers
162 terms
A&P II Test 2
Functions of blood
blood transports
blood protection
hemostasis
-transport... -protection... -regulation
-02 ... -CO2... -nutrients... -wastes... -hormones
-fight infection... -hemostasis (chemical balance in blood)
chemical balance in blood
Functions of blood
-transport... -protection... -regulation
blood transports
-02 ... -CO2... -nutrients... -wastes... -hormones
84 terms
A + P test 2 bone
medullary cavity holds
does spongy bone have medullry cavity
spongy bone is covered by
are bones well vascularized
bone marrow
no
compact bone
yes
medullary cavity holds
bone marrow
does spongy bone have medullry cavity
no
A and P Test 2
Blood accounts for ______% of your bod…
Blood is connective tissue composed of
Formed Element
Plasma
8
formed elements and plasma
blood cells
fluid portion of the blood... straw colored, sticky... 90% water
Blood accounts for ______% of your bod…
8
Blood is connective tissue composed of
formed elements and plasma
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