Study sets matching "a and p test 2"

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Study sets matching "a and p test 2"

62 terms
A&P test 2
Posture... Structure... Disease
Anteropsterior... Lateral ribs... Vertical d…
Ventilation... Distribution ... Perfusion ... D…
Air movement through the respiratory p…
Effects the respiratory volume
3 planes of the thorax
4 phases of respiration
Ventilation
Posture... Structure... Disease
Effects the respiratory volume
Anteropsterior... Lateral ribs... Vertical d…
3 planes of the thorax
162 terms
A&P Test 2
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum granulosum
stratum spinosum
the outermost protective layer of the epidermis composed of a…
seen only in thick skin. Here, the keratinocytes are densely…
(granular layer) consists of 2-5 layers of flat keratinocytes…
is the thickest stratum in most skin. It contains the highest…
stratum corneum
the outermost protective layer of the epidermis composed of a…
stratum lucidum
seen only in thick skin. Here, the keratinocytes are densely…
123 terms
A and P test 2
histology
types of tissues
epithelials cells ...
squamos cell..
study of microscopic tissue
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
line epidermiz, and GI tract
lines cavities
histology
study of microscopic tissue
types of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
A&P Test 2
2 types of cell junctions that anchor…
Keratin is...?
Which layer of the epidermis is compos…
which layer of the epidermis contains…
adherens junctions and desmomsomes
a protein
stratum basale
stratum granulosum
2 types of cell junctions that anchor…
adherens junctions and desmomsomes
Keratin is...?
a protein
A&P Test 2
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Squamous
Simple Columnar
Pseudostratified
Secretion & Absorption... Ex: Kidney tubules, glands
-Allows materials to pass easily, where protection is NOT imp…
Absorption (secretion of mucous and enzymes)... Ex: digestive tr…
Multiple heights, but single layer. Mucous secretion... Ex: trac…
Simple Cuboidal
Secretion & Absorption... Ex: Kidney tubules, glands
Simple Squamous
-Allows materials to pass easily, where protection is NOT imp…
A&P Test 2
active transport
pumps
channels
vesicular transport
Uses energy (ATP) to pump substances against their concentrat…
Facilitates active transport.
Facilitates passive transport.
Allows large particles to enter or exit cells.
active transport
Uses energy (ATP) to pump substances against their concentrat…
pumps
Facilitates active transport.
190 terms
A&P test 2
Cells
Cells
Cytology
Histology
All living things are made of units called
Units of structure and function
branch of biology that studies cells
branch of biology that studies tissues
Cells
All living things are made of units called
Cells
Units of structure and function
133 terms
A & P test 2
The functions of skeletal system
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Protection, mineral storage and acid-base homeostasis, blood…
named for their overall shape; they are longer than they are…
about as long as they are wide, or roughly cube-shaped
thin and broad
The functions of skeletal system
Protection, mineral storage and acid-base homeostasis, blood…
Long bones
named for their overall shape; they are longer than they are…
137 terms
a and p test 2
cytology
cyt
Robert Hooke
what is the fundamental unit of life
the study of cells
cell prefix
coined the term cell, found it looking at a cork, named after…
cell
cytology
the study of cells
cyt
cell prefix
39 terms
A&P test 2
Epidermis
Epidermis Layers
stratum corneum
stratum lucidium
Stratified squamous epithelium.
1. Stratum corneum ... 2. Stratum lucidium... 3. stratum granulosum…
Horny layer. dead cells converted to protein, constantly shed…
clear layer. one - two cell layers thick; no known physiologi…
Epidermis
Stratified squamous epithelium.
Epidermis Layers
1. Stratum corneum ... 2. Stratum lucidium... 3. stratum granulosum…
82 terms
A&P test 2
Epidermis layers
Stratum basale
Stratum spinosum
Stratum granulosum
Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosum... Stratum lu…
Epidermis layer that contains keratinocytes
Epidermis layer consisting of several layers held together by…
Epidermis layer with cells filled with granules of verathyalin
Epidermis layers
Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosum... Stratum lu…
Stratum basale
Epidermis layer that contains keratinocytes
63 terms
Test 2 A&P
c) Sphenoid
c) Flat bone
a) crest.
a) Parietal
Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?... a…
Which following types of bone is the occipital bone?... a) Long…
A prominent ridge or elongated projection on a bone is called…
Which of the following is NOT a facial bone?... a) Parietal... b)…
c) Sphenoid
Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?... a…
c) Flat bone
Which following types of bone is the occipital bone?... a) Long…
A&P Test 2
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Bones of orbital complex
non-movable joint
somewhat movable joint
highly mobile joint
7 total: Frontal, Zygomatic, maxillary, lacrimal, ethmoid, sp…
Synarthrosis
non-movable joint
Amphiarthrosis
somewhat movable joint
A&P test 2
what is the function of IGE?
what is normal BP?
arteriosclerosis is _____?
what part of the brain controls the va…
Triggers strong physical and inflammatory reactions to eject…
120/80
stiffening of the artery wall due to reduced elastic tissue
medulla
what is the function of IGE?
Triggers strong physical and inflammatory reactions to eject…
what is normal BP?
120/80
61 terms
A&P II Test 2
Which of the following statements corr…
When one hormone opposes the action of…
Which of the following is NOT a common…
Which of the following anterior pituit…
Only water-soluble hormones use second messengers
antagonistic effect
mechanical stretching of the endocrine cell
(human) Growth hormone
Which of the following statements corr…
Only water-soluble hormones use second messengers
When one hormone opposes the action of…
antagonistic effect
A&P Test 2
What is a selectively permeable membra…
How can substances enter and leave the…
What is diffusion? What is osmosis? Wh…
What do we mean when we say is there a…
allows the passive of water, but its phospholipid bilayer pre…
Diffusion, osmosis, and passive transport;
DIFFUSION: net movement of a substance from where it is more…
is there an electrical charge difference across the plasma me…
What is a selectively permeable membra…
allows the passive of water, but its phospholipid bilayer pre…
How can substances enter and leave the…
Diffusion, osmosis, and passive transport;
A&P test 2
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
1) What the letters COPD mean... 2) What…
4) What are ways to treat COPD ... 5) Way…
1. ... Ductus Venosus- a fetal vein that passes through the live…
3. ... Ductus Arteriosus- connection between the aorta and pulmo…
1. COPD means Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.... 2. chron…
4. There are no real treatment options for COPD because once…
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
1. ... Ductus Venosus- a fetal vein that passes through the live…
Fetal Circulation... -define... -their func…
3. ... Ductus Arteriosus- connection between the aorta and pulmo…
36 terms
A&P 2 - Test 2 - Heart and Blood Vessel Vocab
systole
diastole
EKG
sinus rhythm
heart contraction, high pressure
heart relaxation, pressure between beats
Electrocardiogram; measures heart rate and duration of cardia…
normal beating of the heart as measured by an ECG
systole
heart contraction, high pressure
diastole
heart relaxation, pressure between beats
A&P Test 2
4 Salivary glands
Parotid gland opening
Submandibular gland Opening
Sublingual glands opening
Filiform - tongue... Fungiform - dots... Circumvallate - V at the b…
opens near second upper molar
opens at base of lingual frenulum
opens via 10-12 ducts on floor of mouth
4 Salivary glands
Filiform - tongue... Fungiform - dots... Circumvallate - V at the b…
Parotid gland opening
opens near second upper molar
303 terms
A&P Test 2
What is osteology?
What are the four parts of the skeleta…
What do ligaments connect?
What do tendons connect?
the study of bones
bones... cartilage... ligaments... tendons
bone to bone at the joints
muscle to bone
What is osteology?
the study of bones
What are the four parts of the skeleta…
bones... cartilage... ligaments... tendons
40 terms
A&P Test 2
hairs to stand for no apparent function
in lactating females
nail matrix
hemoglobin
1. The contraction of the piloerector muscles (pilomotor musc…
2. In whom are mammary glands found?
3. Mitosis in the __________ accounts for growth of the nail
4. The reddish color of the skin of the lips is primarily due…
hairs to stand for no apparent function
1. The contraction of the piloerector muscles (pilomotor musc…
in lactating females
2. In whom are mammary glands found?
50 terms
a and p test 2
cardiac output equation
s-ans effects on the ... -hr
p-ans effects on the ... - hr
chemical regulation of hr
CO = SV + HR
-increase the hr through cardiac accelerator nerves (from the…
-decrease the hr through the r. and . vagus nerves- using ach
- hormones such as epi, norepi and thyroid hormones... -cations…
cardiac output equation
CO = SV + HR
s-ans effects on the ... -hr
-increase the hr through cardiac accelerator nerves (from the…
63 terms
A&P test 2
function of lymph nodes
Structure of a Lymph Node
Circulation in the Lymph Nodes
Why are there more afferent lymphatic…
Filter lymph—macrophages destroy microorganisms and debris... Im…
External fibrous capsule... Trabeculae extend inward and divide…
enters through afferent lymphatic vessels(convex side)... travel…
More vessels coming in than leaving, which slows down the flo…
function of lymph nodes
Filter lymph—macrophages destroy microorganisms and debris... Im…
Structure of a Lymph Node
External fibrous capsule... Trabeculae extend inward and divide…
166 terms
Tarleton A and P test 2
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
Langerhans cells
consists of keratinized, stratified squamous epithelial cells.
part of the epidermis; cells which produce a fibrous protein-…
produces the protein melanin, which is the primary cause of s…
special macrophages
Epidermis
consists of keratinized, stratified squamous epithelial cells.
Keratinocytes
part of the epidermis; cells which produce a fibrous protein-…
164 terms
a and p test 2
two largest vessels that transport blo…
two large vessels that recive blood fr…
which vessel returns oxygenated blood…
oxygen-rich blood is pumped tot he ent…
superior and inferior vena cava
aorta and pulmonary trunk
pulmonary veins
left
two largest vessels that transport blo…
superior and inferior vena cava
two large vessels that recive blood fr…
aorta and pulmonary trunk
100 terms
A&P 2 Makukutu Test 2 Review
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) trigger the…
Paranasal sinuses seem to have NO usef…
Which is correct?... a) arterial ph does…
A transfusion reaction is a subacute h…
A) cytokines
FALSE
A) arterial ph does not affect central chemoreceptors directly
TRUE
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) trigger the…
A) cytokines
Paranasal sinuses seem to have NO usef…
FALSE
44 terms
A and P Test 2
A substance composed of only one type…
The number of protons in the nucleus
Sum of the numbers of protons and neut…
A different form of the same atom. Sam…
Element
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Isotope
A substance composed of only one type…
Element
The number of protons in the nucleus
Atomic number
A&pTest 2
afferent nerves
efferent nerves
Central Nervous System consists
Peripheral Nervous System consists
messages get sent to brain-receptors to CNS located in skin o…
messages sent from brain to the body in response-CNS to body…
-Brain and Spinal Cord
-sensory/nerves: afferent and efferent messages... -Somatic and…
afferent nerves
messages get sent to brain-receptors to CNS located in skin o…
efferent nerves
messages sent from brain to the body in response-CNS to body…
A and P Test 2
Blood accounts for ______% of your bod…
Blood is connective tissue composed of
Formed Element
Plasma
8
formed elements and plasma
blood cells
fluid portion of the blood... straw colored, sticky... 90% water
Blood accounts for ______% of your bod…
8
Blood is connective tissue composed of
formed elements and plasma
65 terms
A and P test 2
What are fibroblast?
List the 4 things fibroblast produce:
what makes bone hard?
list major functions of bone
Protein factories, produce connective tissue
Ground substance, collagen, yellow elastic fibers, reticular…
calcium and phosphorus, Ca3PO4 which mineralize the collagen
framework, protection vital organs and insides, hemopoiesis,…
What are fibroblast?
Protein factories, produce connective tissue
List the 4 things fibroblast produce:
Ground substance, collagen, yellow elastic fibers, reticular…
151 terms
A and P test 2
___ Impulses ___ heart rate, whereas _…
_____ caused by a low PO2 in arterial…
____results from the inability of bloo…
A person allergic to peanut butter is…
Sympathetic, increase, parasympathetic, decrease
Hypoxic hypoxia
Stagnant hypoxia
True
___ Impulses ___ heart rate, whereas _…
Sympathetic, increase, parasympathetic, decrease
_____ caused by a low PO2 in arterial…
Hypoxic hypoxia
A&P Test 2
Areolar tissue
Fibroblast nuclei
Adipose tissue
Reticular connective tissue
-most widely distributed connective tissue... -soft pliabble; ti…
means to make fiber
matrix is an areolar tissue in which fat goblets predominate.…
delicate network of interwoven fibers with reticular cells... lo…
Areolar tissue
-most widely distributed connective tissue... -soft pliabble; ti…
Fibroblast nuclei
means to make fiber
64 terms
A & P Test 2
The type of cels that form the strata…
Large quantities of keratin are found…
The layer of the epidermis that contai…
The layer of the skin that provides a…
keratinocytes
stratum corneum*
stratum spinosum
epidermis
The type of cels that form the strata…
keratinocytes
Large quantities of keratin are found…
stratum corneum*
Test 2 (A&P)
Tissues
Histology
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Groups of cells similar in structure that perform common or r…
Study of tissues
Covers
Supports
Tissues
Groups of cells similar in structure that perform common or r…
Histology
Study of tissues
A&p Test 2
Hydrophobic
Selective permeability
Freely permeable
Hydrophilic
Water hating/repelling. Nonpolar. Phospholipid tails.
Allows some substances to pass through while excluding others…
Allows everything to enter the cell
Water loving/attracting. Polar. Phospholipid heads.
Hydrophobic
Water hating/repelling. Nonpolar. Phospholipid tails.
Selective permeability
Allows some substances to pass through while excluding others…
114 terms
A&P Respiratory Test 2
olfaction, speech
pulmonary ventilation
external respiration
internal respiration
2 process other than respiration aided by the respiratory sys…
breathing air in and out of lungs
O2 and CO2 exchange between lungs and blood
O2 and CO2 exchange between blood and tissues
olfaction, speech
2 process other than respiration aided by the respiratory sys…
pulmonary ventilation
breathing air in and out of lungs
59 terms
A and P test 2
Hair
Hair Follicle
Arrector Pilli muscle
Hair Root Plexus
Dead keratinized cells tightly held together (hard Keratin)
Surrounds hair... Has epidermal and dermal root sheaths
Smooth muscle, attaches to root of hair and to C.C in papilla…
Sensory nerves around hair root
Hair
Dead keratinized cells tightly held together (hard Keratin)
Hair Follicle
Surrounds hair... Has epidermal and dermal root sheaths
29 terms
A&P test 2
acne
whitehead
blackhead
athletes foot
infection of the sebaceous glands
sebaceous gland is blocked by sebum
materials build up and oxidize and it dries therefore making…
tinea pedis fungus that grows on your toes
acne
infection of the sebaceous glands
whitehead
sebaceous gland is blocked by sebum
111 terms
A&P test 2 review
Anastomes
Arterial arteries
Venous veins
Arteriovenous
2 different pathways to the same location
converge to supply the same region... Ex: brain
converge to drain the same region... Ex: arm
shunt that bypasses capillary bed... Ex: fingers and toes
Anastomes
2 different pathways to the same location
Arterial arteries
converge to supply the same region... Ex: brain
A & P Test 2
Has equal amounts of physical and chem…
Not Considered a nutrient
Pair cartilage of the larynx
Funnel snapped top of the ureter
Stomach
chymotrypsin
arytenoid
Renal Pelvis
Has equal amounts of physical and chem…
Stomach
Not Considered a nutrient
chymotrypsin
118 terms
A&P Test 2
Structure of Alveoli
Function of Alveoli
Chest Wall (structures responsible for…
Pleura (structures responsible for res…
Alveolar Pores (connection between alveoli) ... Type 1 Alveolar…
Exchange gases between air and blood by diffusion ... Capillarie…
Air tight ... Helps protect the lungs... Includes: rib cage, sternu…
Membrane lining of the lungs and chest wall ... There is a separ…
Structure of Alveoli
Alveolar Pores (connection between alveoli) ... Type 1 Alveolar…
Function of Alveoli
Exchange gases between air and blood by diffusion ... Capillarie…
163 terms
A & P Test 2
peritoneal cavity
peritonitis
external oblique
internal oblique
space enclosed by peritoneum, excludes pelvic cavity.
infection in peritoneal cavity. Complication of ruptured appe…
most superficial layer
middle layer
peritoneal cavity
space enclosed by peritoneum, excludes pelvic cavity.
peritonitis
infection in peritoneal cavity. Complication of ruptured appe…
A&P Test 2
Articular cartilages
Costal cartilages
Respiratory cartilages
Nasal cartilages
covers the ends of long bones
connects the ribs to the sternum
makes up the larynx and reinforces air passages
supports the nose
Articular cartilages
covers the ends of long bones
Costal cartilages
connects the ribs to the sternum
A&P Test 2
The skeletal system has 6 important fu…
Osteoprogenitor cells
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Provides support... Protects the internal organs (brain, heart,…
bone stem cells able to differentiate into the other types of…
bone building cells that secrete matrix
mature bone cells, trapped in hardened matrix (calcified)
The skeletal system has 6 important fu…
Provides support... Protects the internal organs (brain, heart,…
Osteoprogenitor cells
bone stem cells able to differentiate into the other types of…
A&P Test 2
Functions of skin
Melanocytes
Keratinization
Layers of epidermis
-Protection... -Regulation of Body Temp... -Synthesis, secretion, a…
produce the pigment melanin... (in stratum basale)
- the cell membranes of older skin cells thicken and harden... -…
BOTTOM... Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosm…
Functions of skin
-Protection... -Regulation of Body Temp... -Synthesis, secretion, a…
Melanocytes
produce the pigment melanin... (in stratum basale)
119 terms
A&P TEST 2
Tissue
Histology
Epithelial Tissue
Simple Epithelium
*is a group of similar cells and their intercellular matrix f…
the study of tissues
serves to cover external and internal structures and prevent…
specialized for absorption or filtration and located in a reg…
Tissue
*is a group of similar cells and their intercellular matrix f…
Histology
the study of tissues
33 terms
A&P Test 2
Anconeus
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Transversus Abdominis
Sternocleidomastoid
O- Posterior surface of lateral condyle of the humerous... I- P…
O- Lateral epicondyle of humerous... - middle two-fourths of the…
O- Outer third of inguinial ligament, inner rim of iliac cres…
O- Medial clavical... - Manubrium of sternum... I- Mastoid process
Anconeus
O- Posterior surface of lateral condyle of the humerous... I- P…
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
O- Lateral epicondyle of humerous... - middle two-fourths of the…
45 terms
A & P test 2
ears & nose
Skin, lungs
glands
Ligament, tendon
Cartilage location
Yellow elastic CT location
Reticular CT location
Dense Fibrous CT location
ears & nose
Cartilage location
Skin, lungs
Yellow elastic CT location
55 terms
A&P Test 2
Potential, kinetic, and radiant
Created or destroyed
Elements
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
What are the three types of energy?
Energy can neither be ________ or ________.
All matter is composed of ________.
96% of the body is made up of what four elements?
Potential, kinetic, and radiant
What are the three types of energy?
Created or destroyed
Energy can neither be ________ or ________.
148 terms
A&P Test 2
mucous membrane
serous membrane
cutaneous membrane
synovial membrane
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of o…
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavitie…
Consistent stratified squamous epithelium and a layer of aero…
The lining of a joint that secretes synovial fluid into the j…
mucous membrane
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of o…
serous membrane
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavitie…
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