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Study sets matching "a p 2 chapter 21"

99 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
The Five main types of blood vessels
Characteristics of an Artery, What is…
Characteristics of a Capillary, what i…
What is lumen
Arteries, Arterioles, Capillaries, Venules Veins
Vessels that transport blood away. Carries oxygenated blood t…
Microscopic Blood Vessel located in tissues. Thin-walled, Sit…
is the inside space of a tubular structure
The Five main types of blood vessels
Arteries, Arterioles, Capillaries, Venules Veins
Characteristics of an Artery, What is…
Vessels that transport blood away. Carries oxygenated blood t…
47 terms
A&P 2- chapter 21 respiratory system
Parietal pleura
Visceral pleura
Pleural cavity
Lung with three lobes
lines interior thoracic cavity
tight to surface of lungs
space in between pleura, contains fluid
Right lung
Parietal pleura
lines interior thoracic cavity
Visceral pleura
tight to surface of lungs
69 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 21
Vessels that carry blood away from the…
What are the 3 layers of an Artery?
What layer of the Artery is lined with…
Which layer of an artery is the thicke…
Arteries
Tunica Interna... Tunica Media... Tunica Externa
Tunica Interna
Tunica Media
Vessels that carry blood away from the…
Arteries
What are the 3 layers of an Artery?
Tunica Interna... Tunica Media... Tunica Externa
122 terms
Chapter 21 A&P 2
What are 2 components of the vasculatu…
What carries blood away from the heart?
What carries blood to the heart?
3 layers of the blood vessels?
arteries, veins
arteries
veins
Tunica adventitia, tunica media, tunica intima.
What are 2 components of the vasculatu…
arteries, veins
What carries blood away from the heart?
arteries
129 terms
Chapter 21 - A&P 2
dendritic cells`
reticular cells
lymphatic tissue
lymphatic tissue sections
branched, mobile APCs found in epidermis, mucous membranes, a…
branched stationary cells that contribute to the stroma of a…
aggregations of lymphocytes in the connective tissues of muco…
diffuse or dense
dendritic cells`
branched, mobile APCs found in epidermis, mucous membranes, a…
reticular cells
branched stationary cells that contribute to the stroma of a…
12 terms
A&P2 Chapter 21
epiglottis
glottis
thyroid cartilage
cricoid cartilage
hole covered by the epiglottis
adam's apple
epiglottis
glottis
hole covered by the epiglottis
136 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 21
immune system is
lymphatic system carries
most of fluid in interstitial space
if system gets blocked
body's defense against intruders
excess fluid to blood stream and removes pathogens from blood…
moves back into capillary, some is taken in by lymphatic syst…
serious condition called lymphedema can develop
immune system is
body's defense against intruders
lymphatic system carries
excess fluid to blood stream and removes pathogens from blood…
25 terms
Chapter 21 A&P 2
Tunica Intima aka Tunica Interna
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
Vaso Vasorum
surrounds the lumen... simple squamous endothelium
smooth muscle and elastic fibers
Connective Tissue / Collagen fibers
"vessels within vessels"... supply the tunica externa of large b…
Tunica Intima aka Tunica Interna
surrounds the lumen... simple squamous endothelium
Tunica Media
smooth muscle and elastic fibers
24 terms
chapter 21 a&p2
phlebitis
anastomoses
arteriosclerosis
atherosclerosis
inflammation of a vein, usually in lower limb
end to end union or joining of blood vessels, lympathatic ves…
group of disease characterized by thickening of the walls of…
a progessive disease characterized by the formation in the wa…
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein, usually in lower limb
anastomoses
end to end union or joining of blood vessels, lympathatic ves…
53 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
Which layer of the arterial wall is re…
When an artery or arteriole is damaged…
Are valves found in arteries or veins?
What is the most important method of c…
tunica media
vascular spasm
veins
simple ... diffusion
Which layer of the arterial wall is re…
tunica media
When an artery or arteriole is damaged…
vascular spasm
22 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
Describe surface membrane barriers and…
Explain the importance of phagocytosis…
Describe the inflammatory process. Ide…
Name the body's antimicrobial substanc…
Describe surface membrane barriers and their protective funct…
•Phagocytosis is important because it is a process where path…
Prevents the spread of damaging agents to nearby tissues ... Dis…
•Interferons Proteins - released by virus-infected cells and…
Describe surface membrane barriers and…
Describe surface membrane barriers and their protective funct…
Explain the importance of phagocytosis…
•Phagocytosis is important because it is a process where path…
76 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21 Notes/Powerpoints
What are the three layers of a blood v…
Which blood vessel layer consists of s…
What are the three main kinds of blood…
Which blood vessel has the thickest wa…
-Tunica interna (inner)... -Tunica media (middle)... -Tunica extern…
Tunica media
-Artery... -Vein... -Capillary
Arteries have the thickest walls because they are in charge o…
What are the three layers of a blood v…
-Tunica interna (inner)... -Tunica media (middle)... -Tunica extern…
Which blood vessel layer consists of s…
Tunica media
80 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 21
Immune System
Lymphatic System
Lymph
Lymph Node
Cells/organs that destroy pathogens
Vessels, cells, organs that bring excess fluid to bloodstream…
Interstitial fluid
Major staging area for development of critical immune response
Immune System
Cells/organs that destroy pathogens
Lymphatic System
Vessels, cells, organs that bring excess fluid to bloodstream…
175 terms
A&P 2- chapter 21
Which system has cells and organs that…
Which system has vessels, cells and or…
What is the interstitial fluid in the…
What two things are absorbed and trave…
Immune system
Lymphatic system
Lymph
-Dietary lipids... -fat-soluble vitamins
Which system has cells and organs that…
Immune system
Which system has vessels, cells and or…
Lymphatic system
28 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
• Cardiac output (CO) =
• Blood pressure (BP) =
Structure of blood vessels: Tunica int…
Structure of blood vessels: Tunica media
heart rate (HR) X stroke volume (SV)
Cardiac output (CO) / Total Peripheral Resistance (TPR)
- inner, endothelial layer
middle, concentric layers of smooth muscle
• Cardiac output (CO) =
heart rate (HR) X stroke volume (SV)
• Blood pressure (BP) =
Cardiac output (CO) / Total Peripheral Resistance (TPR)
125 terms
A&P Chapter 21.2
What structures serve as the entryway…
What are the functions of the nose and…
Why does air need to be warmed and hum…
Pharynx
Nose and nasal cavity
1. Inhaled air is warmed and humidified... 2. Debris is filtered…
Cold air is not good for delicate respiratory lining
Next anatomical segment of respiratory tract that inspired ai…
What structures serve as the entryway…
Nose and nasal cavity
What are the functions of the nose and…
1. Inhaled air is warmed and humidified... 2. Debris is filtered…
36 terms
a&p 2 chapter 21
arteries
tunica intima or tunica interna
fenestrated capillaries
capillaries
carry blood away from the veins
inner most layer of an artery or vein
are found in the choroid plexus and kidneys
function as parts of capillary plexus
arteries
carry blood away from the veins
tunica intima or tunica interna
inner most layer of an artery or vein
78 terms
Chapter 21 A&P 2
speed of activation of innate branch
whether the adaptive branch is specifi…
potential injury for injuring healthy…
list of the tools available for adaptive
faster
specific ... specific means that each cell or tool works against…
more effective at killing with less potential for collateral…
does not produce memory cells
speed of activation of innate branch
faster
whether the adaptive branch is specifi…
specific ... specific means that each cell or tool works against…
48 terms
Chapter 21 A&P 2
Germ cells or gametes
Gonads
Mitosis
Meiosis
Specialized sex cells must be produced by the gonads of both…
In females ovaries produce the egg cells OVA and the male tes…
Normal cell division
In the formation of germ cells a special process of cell divi…
Germ cells or gametes
Specialized sex cells must be produced by the gonads of both…
Gonads
In females ovaries produce the egg cells OVA and the male tes…
53 terms
chapter 21 a &p 2
pathogens
nonspecific body defense
skin
stomach
disease causing organisms. Cause the body harm.
(innate disease) born with in you, and not as strong
contains keratin barrier (stratum corneum) and acidic sweat
HCl and anti-microbial enzymes
pathogens
disease causing organisms. Cause the body harm.
nonspecific body defense
(innate disease) born with in you, and not as strong
137 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
Folds of the tunica intima that preven…
Another name for muscular arteries
Bulge in the weakened wall of an artery
Blood vessels that supply the cells of…
Valves
Distribution arteries
Aneurysm
Vasa vasorum
Folds of the tunica intima that preven…
Valves
Another name for muscular arteries
Distribution arteries
60 terms
chapter 21 a &p 2
pathogens
nonspecific body defense
skin
stomach
disease causing organisms. Cause the body harm.
(innate disease) born with in you, and not as strong
contains keratin barrier (stratum corneum) and acidic sweat
HCl and anti-microbial enzymes
pathogens
disease causing organisms. Cause the body harm.
nonspecific body defense
(innate disease) born with in you, and not as strong
55 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
pathogen
stratum corneum
HCl
saliva
any disease causing microorganism
skin in body defense, contains keratin barrier and acidic sweat
stomach acid
contains lysozyme (inhibits bacteria) and antibodies
pathogen
any disease causing microorganism
stratum corneum
skin in body defense, contains keratin barrier and acidic sweat
15 terms
A&P Chapter 21 #2
Plasma Cells
Memory Cells
Primary Immune Response
Secondary Immune Response
antibody secreting effector cells
long lives. primed for future immune response.
First exposure to antigen Slower.
future exposure. quicker because of memory cells made in the…
Plasma Cells
antibody secreting effector cells
Memory Cells
long lives. primed for future immune response.
58 terms
A & P Chapter 21
Spinal Cord
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
Cervical Spinal Nerves (8 pair)
a continuation of the brain stem, is an association and commu…
Spinal cord extends from the foramen magnum of the skull to t…
a fibrous extension of the pia mater, extends even farther (i…
Spinal Cord
a continuation of the brain stem, is an association and commu…
Conus Medullaris
Spinal cord extends from the foramen magnum of the skull to t…
37 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
Dendritic cells
Function of lymphatic system (3)
Lymphatic vessels are a ____-way system
Lymphatic vessels are found _____
Phagocytic cells formed in bone marrow, and housed in epithel…
1. Drain excess interstitial fluid... 2. Transport dietary lipid…
One, all vessels leas to the heart
All over the body (except avascular tissue)
Dendritic cells
Phagocytic cells formed in bone marrow, and housed in epithel…
Function of lymphatic system (3)
1. Drain excess interstitial fluid... 2. Transport dietary lipid…
55 terms
A and P 2 chapter 21
which blood vessel is most often used…
Blood is carried away from the heart by
A thin, weakened section of the wall o…
Which of the following is a branch of…
radial artery
systematic arteries
aneurysm
right subclavian artery
which blood vessel is most often used…
radial artery
Blood is carried away from the heart by
systematic arteries
23 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 21-Avian
Uropygial Gland
Inferior Umbilicus
Superior Umbilicus
Calamus
Preen gland
Tiny opening at the base of the feather where it inserts into…
Tiny opening on the feather shaft where the webbed part of th…
Quill
Uropygial Gland
Preen gland
Inferior Umbilicus
Tiny opening at the base of the feather where it inserts into…
76 terms
Chapter 21 A&P2
This type of immunity defends against…
Which of the following is not consider…
The lack of resistance is also known as:
Which of the below produces hormones t…
Nonspecific, innate, or general
Pancreas
Susceptibility
Lymph Node
This type of immunity defends against…
Nonspecific, innate, or general
Which of the following is not consider…
Pancreas
8 terms
Chapter 21 A&P 2
Purpose of the Immune system
Three lines of defense
Three lines of defense broken into two…
The adaptive immune system involves:
Scavenge dead, dying body cells... Destroy abnormal (cancerous)…
1: external body membranes 2: called into action whoever firs…
1. Innate (1&2)... 2. Adaptive (3)
Two lymphocytes called T cells and B cells. T- and B-cells ar…
Purpose of the Immune system
Scavenge dead, dying body cells... Destroy abnormal (cancerous)…
Three lines of defense
1: external body membranes 2: called into action whoever firs…
50 terms
A&P Chapter 21
Adaptive immune response
Antigenic determinant
Barrier defenses
Central tolerance
relatively slow but very specific and effective immune respon…
(also, epitope) one of the chemical groups recognized by a si…
antipathogen defenses deriving from a barrier that physically…
B cell tolerance induced in immature B cells of the bone marrow
Adaptive immune response
relatively slow but very specific and effective immune respon…
Antigenic determinant
(also, epitope) one of the chemical groups recognized by a si…
39 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21
Tunica Interna
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
Arteries
Inner layer made of simple squamos epithelium (endothelium) a…
Middle layer made of smooth muscles and elastic fibers
Outer layer made of elastic and collagen fibers
Carry blood from heart... Tunica media contains lots of muscle f…
Tunica Interna
Inner layer made of simple squamos epithelium (endothelium) a…
Tunica Media
Middle layer made of smooth muscles and elastic fibers
22 terms
Chapter 21 A&P 2
Innate (nonspecific) defense system
Adaptive (specific) defense system
Immune system
What is a pathogen:
Is always prepared responding within minutes to protect the b…
Functions like an elite fighting force equipped with high tec…
Is a functional system rather than an organ system in an anat…
Harmful or disease causing microorganisms
Innate (nonspecific) defense system
Is always prepared responding within minutes to protect the b…
Adaptive (specific) defense system
Functions like an elite fighting force equipped with high tec…
11 terms
a&p2 chapter 21
vessels
artery
arterioles
capillaries
tubes that carry blood, arranged in circuits
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
branch of artery (smaller in diameter) carries blood away
very small in diameter; extensive network; exchange vessels;…
vessels
tubes that carry blood, arranged in circuits
artery
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
42 terms
A&P 2 chapter 21
This type of immunity defends against…
Which of the following is not consider…
The lack of resistance is also known a…
Which of the below produce hormones th…
nonspecific, innate or general
pancreas
susceptibility
thymus
This type of immunity defends against…
nonspecific, innate or general
Which of the following is not consider…
pancreas
64 terms
A&P Chapter 21
Pathogens
Stratum corneum
HCl
Saliva
Disease causing microorganism
Innate nonspecific body defense in skin; contains a resistant…
Nonspecific body defense in the stomach; Makes the stomach ac…
Innate, nonspecific body defense in mouth that contains lysoz…
Pathogens
Disease causing microorganism
Stratum corneum
Innate nonspecific body defense in skin; contains a resistant…
29 terms
Chapter 21 A&P2
what are the organs of the digestive t…
what are the four layers of the GI tra…
what is the function of villi in the s…
what happens to the Gi tract if the sy…
Gi tract: pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large…
mucosa: inner lining, moisten with secretions... submucosa: hold…
increase surface area
sympathetic: digestion/GI tract slow down and stop... parasympat…
what are the organs of the digestive t…
Gi tract: pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large…
what are the four layers of the GI tra…
mucosa: inner lining, moisten with secretions... submucosa: hold…
23 terms
A&P Chapter 21
Alleles
Amnion
Amniotic fluid
Autosomes
one or two or more different genes for a particular character…
an embryonic membrane that holds the fetus suspended in amnio…
the fluid contained within the amnion; cushions the fetus and…
chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes; for people there…
Alleles
one or two or more different genes for a particular character…
Amnion
an embryonic membrane that holds the fetus suspended in amnio…
143 terms
A&P 2 (Chapter 21) immune system (Part 2)
red bone marrow
lymphoid organs
B cells
antigens bind to its surface receptors…
B cells mature in:
B cells widespread in:
Present antigens to certain kind of T cells (helper T cells)…
B cell activated when
red bone marrow
B cells mature in:
lymphoid organs
B cells widespread in:
18 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 21
tunica interna
tunica media
tunica externa
arteries
endolthelium continuous with endocardial lining of heart
muscular and connective tissue... greatest variation among vesse…
elastic and collagen fibers... vasa vasorum... -capillaries that su…
have the 3 layers of the typical blood vessel... thick muscular-…
tunica interna
endolthelium continuous with endocardial lining of heart
tunica media
muscular and connective tissue... greatest variation among vesse…
Chapter 21 A&P 2
What does the term anastomosis mean?
Why is the blood pressure in a capilla…
What are some differences between arte…
How does blood flow from the heart to…
Two or more routes to or from a body region or organ, compare…
Because blood volume is not the same at each location.
-most arteries carry oxygenated blood, most veins carry deoxy…
-ascending aorta... - aortic arch... -brachiocephalic artery ... -subc…
What does the term anastomosis mean?
Two or more routes to or from a body region or organ, compare…
Why is the blood pressure in a capilla…
Because blood volume is not the same at each location.
70 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 21 (Lymphatic System)
Which fluid does lymph most closely re…
True/False: Lymph contains protein.
True/False: Lymph contains red blood c…
True/False: The central nervous system…
Interstitial fluid
True
False
False
Which fluid does lymph most closely re…
Interstitial fluid
True/False: Lymph contains protein.
True
10 terms
A&P2 Chapter 21
The only lymphatic organ with both aff…
Which of the following cells are invol…
The respiratory burst is used by _____…
Which of these is a macrophage?
a lymph node
natural killer cells
neutrophils
a microglial cell
The only lymphatic organ with both aff…
a lymph node
Which of the following cells are invol…
natural killer cells
56 terms
A&P Chapter 21
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
Venules
Structure that carries the blood away from the heart to other…
"Small Arteries", abundant microscopic vessels that regulate…
The smallest of blood vessels, have diameters of 5-10 um
small veins
Arteries
Structure that carries the blood away from the heart to other…
Arterioles
"Small Arteries", abundant microscopic vessels that regulate…
20 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 21- PrepU
The fetal heartbeat appears during wee…
Breast milk is not produced until seve…
The zygote contains 46 chromosomes.
Prolactin stimulates milk production b…
For the first two months of life, the developing offspring is…
Gestation is the period of development in the uterus.
Egg cells receive only X chromosomes in the process of meiosis.
True. A recessive gene expresses its traits only if the allel…
The fetal heartbeat appears during wee…
For the first two months of life, the developing offspring is…
Breast milk is not produced until seve…
Gestation is the period of development in the uterus.
53 terms
Chapter 21 Lymphatic System A&P 2
Functions of lymphatic system
Components
Lymphatic Cells
T Cells
Fluid recovery, immunity, lipid absorption
Lymph, Lymphatic vessels, Lymphatic tissues, Lymphatic organs
Natural Killer cells (NK), T Cells, B cells, Macrophages, Den…
Mature in thymus
Functions of lymphatic system
Fluid recovery, immunity, lipid absorption
Components
Lymph, Lymphatic vessels, Lymphatic tissues, Lymphatic organs
70 terms
A & P II: Chapter 21
Respiratory System
Breathing/Pulmonary ventilation
Respiratory Tract
2 Divisions of Respiratory System
- Breathing/pulmonary ventilation... - Gas exchange
Airflow to & from the lungs
Branching passageway that carries air to & from the gas excha…
- Conducting portion... - Respiratory portion
Respiratory System
- Breathing/pulmonary ventilation... - Gas exchange
Breathing/Pulmonary ventilation
Airflow to & from the lungs
56 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 21 and 22 Vocabulary
Lymph
Lymphatic capillaries
Minivalves
T cells
interstitial fluid once it has entered lymphatic vessels
are blind-ended capillaries which carry lymph in one direction
allow fluid to enter
are processed in the thymus
Lymph
interstitial fluid once it has entered lymphatic vessels
Lymphatic capillaries
are blind-ended capillaries which carry lymph in one direction
17 terms
Chapter 21 learning outcomes A&P2
functions of the lymphatic system
how is lymph formed and returned to th…
types of lymphatic tissue
major types of cells in the lymphatic…
fluid recovery... immunity... lipid absorption
lymph is formed from interstitial fluid that is picked up by…
-MALT (mucosal associated lymphoid tissue)... -nodules (lymph no…
-NK cells... -B cells... -T cells... -macrophages (dendritic and retic…
functions of the lymphatic system
fluid recovery... immunity... lipid absorption
how is lymph formed and returned to th…
lymph is formed from interstitial fluid that is picked up by…
19 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21 Homework
Which of the following blood vessels c…
Which of the following blood vessels c…
Which of the following is the most imp…
The largest driving force for pulling…
B.) Arteries
A.) Veins
E.) Diffusion
C.) Blood colloid osmotic pressure
Which of the following blood vessels c…
B.) Arteries
Which of the following blood vessels c…
A.) Veins
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