Study sets matching "a p and biology"

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Study sets matching "a p and biology"

A.P Biology Respiration
Bacteria/Protists Example of Organism
Bacteria/Protists Method of Respiration
Bacteria/Protists Organs or Special Ti…
Bacteria/Protists Advantages
e. coli, protozoa
simple diffusion
none
little to no energy needed... direct gas exchange
Bacteria/Protists Example of Organism
e. coli, protozoa
Bacteria/Protists Method of Respiration
simple diffusion
35 terms
Biology (A&P) Terms
anatomy
physiology
anatomical position
anterior
structure
how the structures work together
when shoulders, feet, hands, etc. are facing forward
front/forward
anatomy
structure
physiology
how the structures work together
69 terms
A.P. Biology Midterm
Allosteric Regulation
Affects of Allosteric Regulation
Factors that affect plasma membrane pe…
Proximal Tubule
Regulation of the activity of a protein by the binding of an…
-The change in shape alters the chemical attraction of the ac…
Temperature
Reabsorbs 75% of NaCl and Water. Nutrients (Glucose and amino…
Allosteric Regulation
Regulation of the activity of a protein by the binding of an…
Affects of Allosteric Regulation
-The change in shape alters the chemical attraction of the ac…
Pre A.P Biology
Natural Selection
Natural Selection- predator and prey
Physiological Selection
Sexual Selection
Selection acts on any trait that affect survival or reproduct…
Behavior and habits, camouflage (mimicry), speed, defenses (p…
Acting on body functions, fitness (food gathering), disease r…
Survival doesn't matter if you can't reproduce.... Acting on…
Natural Selection
Selection acts on any trait that affect survival or reproduct…
Natural Selection- predator and prey
Behavior and habits, camouflage (mimicry), speed, defenses (p…
30 terms
A.P. Biology Vocab
Cells
Tissues
DNA
Metabolism
smallest unit of life made from biological molecules
collection of cells that work together to preform a specific…
nucleic acid with a double helix shape found in all living th…
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
Cells
smallest unit of life made from biological molecules
Tissues
collection of cells that work together to preform a specific…
40 terms
A.P. Biology words
A/an
Ab
Ad
Adeno
Not;without;lacking
Away from; out from
To;toward
Gland
A/an
Not;without;lacking
Ab
Away from; out from
16 terms
A&P Biology Vocab
Transcription
Translation
ATP
Phosphate bonds
Synthesis of RNA from DNA
Includes protein synthesis and forms linear amino acid chain…
Cell energy carrier
High energy bonds (such as bond that makes ADP to ATP)
Transcription
Synthesis of RNA from DNA
Translation
Includes protein synthesis and forms linear amino acid chain…
Biology P-A-F
3 Types of Sarcodina
False Feet (Pseudopods)
ectoplasm
endoplasm
Amoeba, Foraminiferans, Radiolarins
Help amoeba to move
cytoplasm in outside layer of organism
cytoplasm in inner layer of organism
3 Types of Sarcodina
Amoeba, Foraminiferans, Radiolarins
False Feet (Pseudopods)
Help amoeba to move
36 terms
A.P. Biology
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
smooth ER
Rough ER
glycoproteins
an extensive membranous network in eukaryotic cells, continuo…
portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that is free of ribosomes
portion of the endoplasmic reticulum studded with ribosomes
protein covalently attached to the carbohydrate
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
an extensive membranous network in eukaryotic cells, continuo…
smooth ER
portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that is free of ribosomes
A.P. Biology- DNA
DNA ligase
DNA Polymerase 1
Helicase
Single-strand binding protein
binds together the okazaki fragments of the lagging strand; j…
Removes RNA nucleotides of primer from 5' end and replaces th…
unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
binds to and stabilizes single-stranded DNA until it can be u…
DNA ligase
binds together the okazaki fragments of the lagging strand; j…
DNA Polymerase 1
Removes RNA nucleotides of primer from 5' end and replaces th…
12 terms
A.P. Biology-Evolution
Adaptations
Behavioral Adaptation
Structural Adaptation
Functional Adaptation
Changes that help an organism survive
How an organism acts
Physical Structures of an organism
How an organism uses something
Adaptations
Changes that help an organism survive
Behavioral Adaptation
How an organism acts
22 terms
Chapter 4 A.P Biology
Stanley Miller's Experiment to simulat…
What was collected in the sample for c…
How many valence electrons does carbon…
How many bonds can carbon form?
From the bottom left, water represent the sea or ocean and he…
A variety of organic molecules in organisms. The compounds co…
4
4
Stanley Miller's Experiment to simulat…
From the bottom left, water represent the sea or ocean and he…
What was collected in the sample for c…
A variety of organic molecules in organisms. The compounds co…
A.P Biology-Biochemistry
describe the structure of water molecu…
why is water a polar molecule.
describe the properties of water (3)
contrast acids and bases
two hydrogen molecules (+) and one oxygen (-). hydrogen bonds…
because of its slightly positive and slightly negative charge
cohesion: the molecular force between particles which acts to…
acids: ph < 7, hydrogen ions, "sour",... basis ph > 7 < 14, hydr…
describe the structure of water molecu…
two hydrogen molecules (+) and one oxygen (-). hydrogen bonds…
why is water a polar molecule.
because of its slightly positive and slightly negative charge
45 terms
MCAT - Biology - A&P
12 Organ Systems
Tissue type
Muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle
Nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory system, lymphat…
Muscle, nervous, epithelial, and connective
Muscle cells are elongated and filled with contractile protei…
Striated, involuntary muscle tissue found in the walls of the…
12 Organ Systems
Nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory system, lymphat…
Tissue type
Muscle, nervous, epithelial, and connective
69 terms
Chapter 6 A.P Biology
Light Microscope (LM)
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
Bends visible light to magnify images of specimens.
The ratio of an objects image size to real size
The measure of the clarity of image. The minimum distance two…
Makes differences in parts of samples more noticeable.
Light Microscope (LM)
Bends visible light to magnify images of specimens.
Magnification
The ratio of an objects image size to real size
A.P. Biology
Molecular Biology
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Element
The chemistry and physics of the molecules that constitute li…
Small, simple substances that are not associated specifically…
Large, Complex substances that are Carbin-based chemistry ogl…
Any substance which cannot be broken into simpler substances…
Molecular Biology
The chemistry and physics of the molecules that constitute li…
Inorganic Chemistry
Small, simple substances that are not associated specifically…
17 terms
A&P: Cell Biology
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Outer covering, selectively permiable
Site for all chemical reactions in the cell
Brian of cell, stores DNA
Makes ribosomes, cell reproduction
Cell Membrane
Outer covering, selectively permiable
Cytoplasm
Site for all chemical reactions in the cell
A.P. Biology
(essential 5) The process of evolution…
(essential 5) Biological systems utili…
(essential 5) Molecules, cells and org…
(essential 5) Living systems store, re…
1. Darwin's theory of natural selection is evolution major dr…
1. reciprocal processes of cellular respiration and photosynt…
Cells communicate by generating, transmitting, and receiving…
1. Genetic information is passed from parent to offspring via…
(essential 5) The process of evolution…
1. Darwin's theory of natural selection is evolution major dr…
(essential 5) Biological systems utili…
1. reciprocal processes of cellular respiration and photosynt…
47 terms
A.P Biology suffixes
-aceus
-al
-algia
-ase
Pertaining to
Having character of
Pain
Suffix used in naming enzymes
-aceus
Pertaining to
-al
Having character of
Biology- A&P
superior
inferior
proximal
distal
towards the head
towards the feet
near the trunk
furthest away from the trunk
superior
towards the head
inferior
towards the feet
11 terms
biology a & p
anatomy
lose connective tissue
nerve cells
7
study of structure of organism and its parts
connects skin to underlying muscle
neurons
cervical
anatomy
study of structure of organism and its parts
lose connective tissue
connects skin to underlying muscle
28 terms
Chapter 8 A.P Biology
Metabolism
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
Bioenergetics
All chemical reactions involved in maintaining the living sta…
The breaking down of complex molecules to simpler compounds.…
Consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Study of how energy flows through living organisms.
Metabolism
All chemical reactions involved in maintaining the living sta…
Catabolic Pathways
The breaking down of complex molecules to simpler compounds.…
Biology A&P PNS
PNS
Spinal nerves
Spinal nerves
Sympathetic division is made of
Made of cranial nerves & spinal nerves
Provide 2 way communication between spinal cord & upper, lowe…
31 pairs... Cervicals: 8... Thoracics: 12... Lumbars: 5... Coccygeal: 1
Pre ganglionic neurons(extensions) located through T1-L2 of s…
PNS
Made of cranial nerves & spinal nerves
Spinal nerves
Provide 2 way communication between spinal cord & upper, lowe…
47 terms
A.P Biology Unit 8
DNA is composed of
Monomer of DNA
Transcription
Translation
1. Deoxyribose Sugar... 2. A nitrogenous base(s)... 3. Phosphate gr…
Genes which are chromosomes that contain special segments tha…
DNA to RNA
RNA to a protein (20 kinds)
DNA is composed of
1. Deoxyribose Sugar... 2. A nitrogenous base(s)... 3. Phosphate gr…
Monomer of DNA
Genes which are chromosomes that contain special segments tha…
92 terms
Biology A2, P
P wave
Palisade mesophyll
Pancreas
Parasite
Depolarisation of the atria that leads to atrial contraction…
There are two types of mesophyll found in leaves. Palisade me…
A gland found just below the stomach. The pancreas has two im…
An organism that lives in or on a host organism. The parasite…
P wave
Depolarisation of the atria that leads to atrial contraction…
Palisade mesophyll
There are two types of mesophyll found in leaves. Palisade me…
61 terms
Biology A&P
Anatomy
Physiology
Organ
Body System
The study of bodily structure
The study of bodily functions
A specific structure in a body with one or more key function
A group of organs that work together as a single, functional…
Anatomy
The study of bodily structure
Physiology
The study of bodily functions
8 terms
A.P. Biology
P
P
R
I
Populations possess an enormous reproductive potential
Population sizes remain the same
Resources are limited
Individuals compete for survival
P
Populations possess an enormous reproductive potential
P
Population sizes remain the same
19 terms
A.P. Biology Ecology
abiotic reservoir
biomass
carrying capacity
community
where a chemical accumulates iris stockpiled outside a living…
amount of living organic matter in an ecosystem
maximum population size that an environment can support
different populations living close enough together for intera…
abiotic reservoir
where a chemical accumulates iris stockpiled outside a living…
biomass
amount of living organic matter in an ecosystem
A.P Biology Respiration
Bacteria/Protists Example of Organism
Bacteria/Protists Method of Respiration
Bacteria/Protists Organs or Special Ti…
Bacteria/Protists Advantages
e. coli, protozoa
simple diffusion
none
little to no energy needed... direct gas exchange
Bacteria/Protists Example of Organism
e. coli, protozoa
Bacteria/Protists Method of Respiration
simple diffusion
10 terms
A.P Biology
Matter
Elements
Compounds
Atoms
Mass & Space
Ex. Lithium, Carbon
Elements make up compounds
Smallest substance that retains the properties of that element
Matter
Mass & Space
Elements
Ex. Lithium, Carbon
16 terms
Biology/A&P
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Spherical oval shaped structure; most prominent feature of a…
Double membrane ... Functions: separates the nucleus from cytopl…
Spherical bodies ... Functions: produce ribosomes, sites of rRNA
Located inside the nucleus ... Functions: to package DNA into a…
Nucleus
Spherical oval shaped structure; most prominent feature of a…
Nuclear envelope
Double membrane ... Functions: separates the nucleus from cytopl…
80 terms
A&P Biology
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
irregular bones
all limb bones except the patella and the wrist and ankle bones
roughly cubes shaped, bones of the wrist and ankle
a bit curved. The sternum, scapulae, ribs and most skull bones.
vertabrae and the hip bones, have complicated shapes
Long Bones
all limb bones except the patella and the wrist and ankle bones
Short Bones
roughly cubes shaped, bones of the wrist and ankle
74 terms
Biology A&P Muscle
Dystrophin
Titin
Structural proteins
Regulatory Proteins
Anchors thin filament to the sarcolemma
Anchors thick filament to a z-disc & a m-line
Titin & Dystrophin; provide for alignment, stability, elastic…
Troponin & Tropomysin; inhibits the formation of bonds betwee…
Dystrophin
Anchors thin filament to the sarcolemma
Titin
Anchors thick filament to a z-disc & a m-line
A&P cell biology
Integral (intrinsic) protein
Peripheral (extrinsic) protein
Osmosis
Osmotic pressure
Extend deeply into membrane, often extending from one surface…
Attached to integral proteins at either the inner or outer su…
Diffusion of WATER (solvent) across a selectively permeable m…
Force required to prevent water from moving across a membrane…
Integral (intrinsic) protein
Extend deeply into membrane, often extending from one surface…
Peripheral (extrinsic) protein
Attached to integral proteins at either the inner or outer su…
26 terms
A.P. Biology
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Peroxisomes
Glyoxysomes
No nucleus, no organelles, bacteria and archaens
Has a nucleus, have organelles, protests, fungi, plants, anim…
Break up molecules
Use to convert fatty acids chains into sugars for a developin…
Prokaryotic
No nucleus, no organelles, bacteria and archaens
Eukaryotic
Has a nucleus, have organelles, protests, fungi, plants, anim…
40 terms
A.P Biology
Population density
Carrying capacity
Primary production
Exponential growth
# of individuals in a population per unit area
# of individuals in a given population that the environment c…
Measure of energy available in ecosystem
Population inc. under the ideal conditions
Population density
# of individuals in a population per unit area
Carrying capacity
# of individuals in a given population that the environment c…
21 terms
Biology vocab p&a
Angio
Bryo
Capill
Cardio
Flowing
Moss
Hair-like
Heart related
Angio
Flowing
Bryo
Moss
10 terms
A.P. Biology Terms
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Function: Contains genetic information (chromatin, DNA etc),…
Function: Makes proteins... Structure: Made of large and small s…
Function: Transports protein by ribosomes attached to it outs…
Function: Creates lipids, detoxifies drugs, breaks down harmf…
Nucleus
Function: Contains genetic information (chromatin, DNA etc),…
Ribosomes
Function: Makes proteins... Structure: Made of large and small s…
Biology- Human A&P
functions of NS
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
-master controlling and communicating system of the body... -con…
-control... -coordinating center of body... -brain: sensory and mot…
-all parts of nervous system outside of brain and spinal cord…
-nerve cell that carries messages (electrical signals called…
functions of NS
-master controlling and communicating system of the body... -con…
central nervous system
-control... -coordinating center of body... -brain: sensory and mot…
A.P. Biology
RNA polymerase
promoter
three stages of transcription
function of tRNA molecule during trans…
enzyme that separates the DNA strand and creates the mRNA str…
sequence of bases in the DNA that tells RNA polymerase where…
initiation termination... elongation
the tRNA molecule transfers amino acid from the cytoplasm to…
RNA polymerase
enzyme that separates the DNA strand and creates the mRNA str…
promoter
sequence of bases in the DNA that tells RNA polymerase where…
A.P Biology
Phylogeny
Clade
Homologies
Synapomorphy
the History of descent of organisms from their common ancesto…
A group species that consists of common ancestor and all its…
Similar traits that have been inherited from a common ancestor
A trait that is shared by two or more taxa and is derived thr…
Phylogeny
the History of descent of organisms from their common ancesto…
Clade
A group species that consists of common ancestor and all its…
Biology A&P
functions of the skin:
Cells of the skin and their functions:
layers of skin and what they contain
Skin color is a result of what?
Resistance to trauma and infection... barrier to radiation chemi…
Stem cells- divide... Keratinocytes- filled with keratin... Melanoc…
Stratum corneum - contains stem cells that divide and produce…
melanin, all people have a similar number of melanocytes but…
functions of the skin:
Resistance to trauma and infection... barrier to radiation chemi…
Cells of the skin and their functions:
Stem cells- divide... Keratinocytes- filled with keratin... Melanoc…
30 terms
A.P. Biology: the cell
C
Chloroplast
Mitochondrion
Ribosome
Which statement correctly characterized bound ribosomes ... a) b…
Which structure is not part of the endomembrane system... a) nuc…
Which structure is most common to plant and animal cells
What is present in a prokaryotic cell
C
Which statement correctly characterized bound ribosomes ... a) b…
Chloroplast
Which structure is not part of the endomembrane system... a) nuc…
A&p cell biology
In the fluid mosaic model for membrane…
The process of crossing over May occur…
Enzyme denaturation can occur if the t…
Which of the following statements is n…
False
Prophase 1
True
All cells contain nuclei
In the fluid mosaic model for membrane…
False
The process of crossing over May occur…
Prophase 1
A&P - Biology of the Cell
Nucleus
DNA
RNA
Nucleolus
-The "brain" of the cell... -Contain DNA ... -Not present in all ce…
-Deoxyribonucleic Acid ... -Holds the genetic coding for every c…
-Acts as a messenger... -Carries instructions from the DNA in or…
-Contains RNA ... -Site of ribosome synthesis and assembly
Nucleus
-The "brain" of the cell... -Contain DNA ... -Not present in all ce…
DNA
-Deoxyribonucleic Acid ... -Holds the genetic coding for every c…
A.P. Biology Chapter 14
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Purine
Pyrimidine
The uptake of DNA directly from the environment; a natural pr…
A virus that infects bacterial cells; also called a phage.
The larger of the two general kinds of nucleotide base found…
The smaller of two general kinds of nucleotide base found in…
Transformation
The uptake of DNA directly from the environment; a natural pr…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacterial cells; also called a phage.
44 terms
Biology A&P
anatomy
physiology
integumentary system
skeletal system
study of the structure of an organism and it parts
study of the functions of those parts
covers the body and protects it from injury, infection, tempe…
provides support and movement; protects some organs (bones, c…
anatomy
study of the structure of an organism and it parts
physiology
study of the functions of those parts
A.P. Biology Chapter 18
Vesicle
Stromatolite
Stratum
Sedimentation
Small, membrane-bounded sac that stores substances within a c…
Domed structure found in shallow seas consisting of cyanobact…
Ancient layer of sedimentary rock; results from slow depositi…
Process by which particulate material accumulates and forms a…
Vesicle
Small, membrane-bounded sac that stores substances within a c…
Stromatolite
Domed structure found in shallow seas consisting of cyanobact…
Biology: A/P ch4
4 types of tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
1. epithelial tissue 2. connective tissue 3. muscle tissue 4.…
covers body surface, lines hollow organs, body cavities and d…
protects and supports the body and its organs,binds organs to…
is responsible for movement and generation of force
4 types of tissues
1. epithelial tissue 2. connective tissue 3. muscle tissue 4.…
Epithelial Tissue
covers body surface, lines hollow organs, body cavities and d…
166 terms
Biology A&P Lab 10
External Ear
Auricle (Pinna)
Helix
Lobule
External Ear
Auricle (Pinna)
2 of 10