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Study sets matching "a p chapter 15"

52 terms
Chapter 15 A & P
Senses
Special Senses
Meibomian Glands
Sebaceous Ciliary Glands
- Touch... - Temperature... - Pressure... - Pain
- Smell... - Taste... - Sight... - Hearing... - Equilibrium
- Modified sebaceous glands associated with eyelashes produce…
- Modified between the eyelashes... - Infection = Sty
Senses
- Touch... - Temperature... - Pressure... - Pain
Special Senses
- Smell... - Taste... - Sight... - Hearing... - Equilibrium
103 terms
Chapter 15 A&P
Molecule
Organs
Epithelial tissue
Parietal
Smallest part of a compound
Made of tissues
Tissues that protect
Pertaining to sides of a cavity
Molecule
Smallest part of a compound
Organs
Made of tissues
58 terms
A&P chapter 15 Vocabulary
alimentary canal
mucous membrane
lumen
saliva glands
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of o…
the pathway in blood vessels in which the blood moves through
secrete Amylase to breakdown carbohydrates
alimentary canal
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
mucous membrane
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of o…
183 terms
A&P Chapter 15
5 special senses
Vision
accessory structures of the eye:
eyebrows (accessory structure)
1. vision... 2. taste... 3. smell... 4. hearing... 6. touch ... 7. equilibrium
our dominant sense. ... 70% of all sensory receptors are in the…
eyebrows... eyelids... conjunctiva ... lacrimal apparatus... extrinsic ey…
are terminal hairs that are short and coarse that overlie sup…
5 special senses
1. vision... 2. taste... 3. smell... 4. hearing... 6. touch ... 7. equilibrium
Vision
our dominant sense. ... 70% of all sensory receptors are in the…
51 terms
chapter 15 A & P
What are special sensory receptors?
Of all sensory neurons there are more…
where does the eye sit in the face and…
What makes up the surface anatomy (acc…
distinct, localized receptor cells in head. ... -vision... -taste... -…
vision... Of all sensory neurons there are more neurons and bra…
They are sitting in bony cavity, only part that is needed is…
Accessory structures: eyelids (top and bottom), rapid reflexe…
What are special sensory receptors?
distinct, localized receptor cells in head. ... -vision... -taste... -…
Of all sensory neurons there are more…
vision... Of all sensory neurons there are more neurons and bra…
52 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Condyle
Cancellous bone
Acetabulum
Cartilage
a rounded,knuckle-like bone process at the joint
spongy,porous bone tissue
The rounded depression, or socket in the pelvis that joins th…
flexible, rubbery connective tisue found in the immature skel…
Condyle
a rounded,knuckle-like bone process at the joint
Cancellous bone
spongy,porous bone tissue
38 terms
A&P Chapter 15
c
b
c
a
Major function of the respiratory system:... A. Move air into a…
The "throat"... A. Larynx... B. Pharynx... C. Trachea... D. Bronchi... E. A…
The "windpipe"... A. Larynx... B. Pharynx... C. Trachea... D. Bronchi... E.…
The "voicebox"... A. Larynx... B. Pharynx... C. Trachea... D. Bronchi... E.…
c
Major function of the respiratory system:... A. Move air into a…
b
The "throat"... A. Larynx... B. Pharynx... C. Trachea... D. Bronchi... E. A…
18 terms
A and P chapter 15
Deltiod
Diaphragm
External intercostals
Infraspinatus
Abducts the arm.
Prime mover of inspiration; contraction expands thoracic cavi…
Aid in inspiration; pull ribs toward one another to elevate r…
Rotates humerus laterally.
Deltiod
Abducts the arm.
Diaphragm
Prime mover of inspiration; contraction expands thoracic cavi…
65 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Location of the heart
blood flow through the heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic circuit
Posterior to the sternum... Medial to the lungs... Anterior to the…
1-Superior & Inferior Vena Cava, 2-Rt Atrium, 3-Tricuspid Val…
Right ventricle pulmonary trunk right and left pulmonary ar…
Oxygen-rich blood moves from left atrium to left ventricle... Co…
Location of the heart
Posterior to the sternum... Medial to the lungs... Anterior to the…
blood flow through the heart
1-Superior & Inferior Vena Cava, 2-Rt Atrium, 3-Tricuspid Val…
51 terms
A&P chapter 15
Most organs are _______ by para and sy…
What are the only organs that are NOT…
Preganglionic neurons of the sympathet…
Sympathetic stimulation to the adrenal…
Dually innervated
1. Adrenal medulla... 2. Arrector pilli in skin... 3. Sweat glands…
Directly... **SO there is no postganglionic neuron
epinephrine (80%)... Norepinephrine (20%) into the blood as HORM…
Most organs are _______ by para and sy…
Dually innervated
What are the only organs that are NOT…
1. Adrenal medulla... 2. Arrector pilli in skin... 3. Sweat glands…
A&P Chapter 15
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
Structurally the ANS
Enteric Division
ANS and SNS
contributes to homeostasis by responding to subconscious visc…
includes autonomic sensory neurons, integrating centers in th…
is a specialized network of nerves and ganglia forming an ind…
include sensory and motor neurons, The ANS has many distincti…
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
contributes to homeostasis by responding to subconscious visc…
Structurally the ANS
includes autonomic sensory neurons, integrating centers in th…
32 terms
Chapter 15 A&P
ANS
Effectors
Division of motor pathway
Dual Innervation
-sensory pathways... -motor pathways: have autonomic control cen…
smooth muscles, cardiac muscle, glands
a. sympathetic division... b. parasympathetic division
receive impulses from both the sympathetic and parasympatheti…
ANS
-sensory pathways... -motor pathways: have autonomic control cen…
Effectors
smooth muscles, cardiac muscle, glands
23 terms
A&P: Chapter 15
Anabolism
Catabolism
What four elements make up 90% of the…
Anatomy
Builds up (simple to complex) and uses energy.
Breaks down (complex to simple) and releases energy.
CHON: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen.
Study of body structure.
Anabolism
Builds up (simple to complex) and uses energy.
Catabolism
Breaks down (complex to simple) and releases energy.
111 terms
A&P Chapter 15 Special Senses
olfaction(smell), taste, visual(eyesig…
olfaction
odorant binding to membrane receptor o…
olfactory sensory pathway
what are the special senses?
-Seven primary odors now recognized, but average person can r…
olfactory neurons (bipolar) in the olfactory epithelium pass…
olfaction(smell), taste, visual(eyesig…
what are the special senses?
olfaction
-Seven primary odors now recognized, but average person can r…
47 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Major functions of the digestive system
Alimentary canal (digestive tract)
Accessory organs
4 layers from inner to outer surface
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
-tube from mouth to anus (16ft)... -mouth, pharynx, esophagus, s…
teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
1. mucosa 2. submucosa (epithelium, lamina propria, musculari…
Major functions of the digestive system
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
Alimentary canal (digestive tract)
-tube from mouth to anus (16ft)... -mouth, pharynx, esophagus, s…
77 terms
A&P chapter 15
Olfaction... Gustation... Vision... Equilibrium…
Chemoreception
smell... septum
Olfactory Epithelium... Lamina propria
5 special senses... ____... ____... ____... ____... ____
Sense of Smell:... -_______... -Chemicals... -Odors... -Different size…
Olfactory Organs:... -Provide sense of _____... -Located in nasal c…
Olfactory Layers:... -_________... -Olfactory receptors... -Supporti…
Olfaction... Gustation... Vision... Equilibrium…
5 special senses... ____... ____... ____... ____... ____
Chemoreception
Sense of Smell:... -_______... -Chemicals... -Odors... -Different size…
14 terms
Chapter 15 A&P
autonomic nervous system
visceral reflexes
divisions of ANS
autonomic output pathways
-a motor nervous system that controls glands, cardiac muscle,…
unconscious, automatic, stereotyped responses to stimulation…
2 innervate same target organ -may have cooperative/contrasti…
ANS-2 neurons from CNS to effectors... -presynaptic in CNS... -post…
autonomic nervous system
-a motor nervous system that controls glands, cardiac muscle,…
visceral reflexes
unconscious, automatic, stereotyped responses to stimulation…
76 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Prime movers/ Agonists:
Antagonists:
Synergists:
Fixators:
Responsible for producing particular movement
Oppose/ Reverse a movement
Aid action of agonists
Specialized synergists. Immobilize origin of a prime mover so…
Prime movers/ Agonists:
Responsible for producing particular movement
Antagonists:
Oppose/ Reverse a movement
70 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Generator potential
Sensory receptors
Olfactory epithelium
Olfactory receptors
When the receptor is not a separate cell, the dendrites produ…
These almost always only respond to one type of stimulus(sele…
This is located in the superior part of the nasal cavity cove…
Sensory neurons with cilia (olfactory hairs
Generator potential
When the receptor is not a separate cell, the dendrites produ…
Sensory receptors
These almost always only respond to one type of stimulus(sele…
25 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Describe the basic difference between…
Describe why the pancreas is identifie…
Amylase enzymes are used for the chemi…
The MMR vaccine is used to combat meas…
Mechanical digestion is the physical breakdown of food into…
The pancreas is a small, pennant shaped gland located (poster…
Amylase enzymes are used for the chemical digestion of *carbo…
a contagious and infectious viral disease causing swelling of…
Describe the basic difference between…
Mechanical digestion is the physical breakdown of food into…
Describe why the pancreas is identifie…
The pancreas is a small, pennant shaped gland located (poster…
82 terms
A&P 1 (Chapter 15)
SNS
somatic sense
special sense
somatic motor neuron
includes both sensory and motor neurons
tactile, thermal, pain, and proprioceptive sensation
sight, hearing, taste, smell, and equilibrium
stimulates the muscle, it contracts (always excitation)
SNS
includes both sensory and motor neurons
somatic sense
tactile, thermal, pain, and proprioceptive sensation
83 terms
A&P Chapter 15
olfaction
gustation
used by taste, smell, and hearing system
organ of smell
smell
taste
chemoreceptors
olfactory epithelium
olfaction
smell
gustation
taste
A&P chapter 15 vocab.
bicarbonate ions
bile
chloecystokinin
chyme
raise the pH and make it more basic and lower the number of h…
produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; help bre…
secreted from intestinal wall once fat enters the small intes…
food from stomach mixed with gastric juice from the stomach
bicarbonate ions
raise the pH and make it more basic and lower the number of h…
bile
produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; help bre…
27 terms
A&P Chapter 15
visceral motor divison of the peripher…
function of ANS
effectors of visceral reflex
why visceral reflex is slower than som…
Autonomic Nervous System
-regulates activity of thoracic and abdominal viscera... -mainta…
somatic... visceral
-2 neurons instead of 1... -synaptic delay... -2nd neuron is unmyel…
visceral motor divison of the peripher…
Autonomic Nervous System
function of ANS
-regulates activity of thoracic and abdominal viscera... -mainta…
139 terms
A&P Chapter 15
chemoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
photoreceptors
olfaction
olfaction and taste
balance and hearing
vision
highly adaptive, receptors are located in the superior portio…
chemoreceptors
olfaction and taste
mechanoreceptors
balance and hearing
50 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Adrenal medulla
Agonist
Antagonist
Autonomic tone
interior portion of the adrenal (or suprarenal) gland that re…
any exogenous substance that binds to a receptor and produces…
any exogenous substance that binds to a receptor and produces…
tendency of an organ system to be governed by one division of…
Adrenal medulla
interior portion of the adrenal (or suprarenal) gland that re…
Agonist
any exogenous substance that binds to a receptor and produces…
64 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Gustation
Taste buds
Papillae
Fungiform
Sense of taste
Chemoreceptors; gustatory receptors found in the pits around…
Gross upfoldings of the epithelium and connective tissue
Flat, blunt papillae found interspersed with filiform papilla…
Gustation
Sense of taste
Taste buds
Chemoreceptors; gustatory receptors found in the pits around…
42 terms
A&P chapter 15
EYE BROWS
EYELIDS
CONJUNCTIVA
LACRIMAL APPARATUS
SHORT, COARSE HAIRS THAT OVERLIE THE SUPRAORBITAL MARGINS OF…
PALPEBRAE
TRANSPARENT MUCOUS MEMBRANE
CONSISTS OF THE LACRIMAL GLAND AND THE DUCTS THAT DRAIN LACRI…
EYE BROWS
SHORT, COARSE HAIRS THAT OVERLIE THE SUPRAORBITAL MARGINS OF…
EYELIDS
PALPEBRAE
56 terms
A&P Lab Chapter 15
What is the nervous system
What are the two primary divisions mak…
What does the CNS consists of:
What does the PNS consists of:
The nervous system is the master integrating and coordinating…
-Central Nervous System (CNS)... -Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord.
PNS consists of nerves, sensory receptors, and some clusters…
What is the nervous system
The nervous system is the master integrating and coordinating…
What are the two primary divisions mak…
-Central Nervous System (CNS)... -Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
41 terms
A&P1 Chapter 15
Introduction of ANS
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System - Sensory
Autonomic Nervous System - Motor
-ANS regulates activity of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and…
-Contains both somatic sensory neurons and motor neurons... -Som…
-Contains both autonomic sensory and motor neurons... -Autonomic…
-Autonomic motor neurons regulate visceral activities by incr…
Introduction of ANS
-ANS regulates activity of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and…
Somatic Nervous System
-Contains both somatic sensory neurons and motor neurons... -Som…
42 terms
A&P Chapter 15
Somatic motor
Visceral motor
Preanglionic sympathetic neurons
Where do the later gray horns present?
Innervation consists of a single motor neuron that sends its…
Innervation consists of a series of at least two motor neurons
Have their cell bodies in the lateral horns of the spinal cord
T1-L2
Somatic motor
Innervation consists of a single motor neuron that sends its…
Visceral motor
Innervation consists of a series of at least two motor neurons
37 terms
Chap 15 A&P
Somatic
Visceral
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Pertaining to the internal organs
Stressful NS activation... E's = Exercise, excitement, emotions
Resting NS activation... Think D's= Digestest, Defecate
Somatic
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Visceral
Pertaining to the internal organs
30 terms
A&P Chapter 15
all of the above
the olfactory cortex is in the occipit…
have no axons but release neurotransmi…
spicy
Olfactory neurons... 1. have projections called cilia... 2. have ax…
Which of these statements is not true with respect to olfacti…
Gustatory (taste) cells
Which of these is not one of the basic tastes... 1. spicy... 2. sal…
all of the above
Olfactory neurons... 1. have projections called cilia... 2. have ax…
the olfactory cortex is in the occipit…
Which of these statements is not true with respect to olfacti…
89 terms
Chapter 15 A&P
Observing beautiful scenery involves t…
Consider a basketball player whose hea…
Which of the following is correct abou…
We lack awareness of many of our bodie…
autonomic nervous system. ... → somatic motor system.
parasympathetic, sympathetic ... sympathetic, parasympathetic…
The ANS is part of both the CNS and the PNS. ... ANS functions…
! autonomic nervous system. ... somatic nervous system.
Observing beautiful scenery involves t…
autonomic nervous system. ... → somatic motor system.
Consider a basketball player whose hea…
parasympathetic, sympathetic ... sympathetic, parasympathetic…
156 terms
Boore: A&P: Chapter 15
Abduction
Action potential
Active transport
Adduction
movement away from the midline.
the change in electrical potential in the membrane of a neuro…
the movement of solutes (ions and molecules) across a membran…
movement closer to the midline.
Abduction
movement away from the midline.
Action potential
the change in electrical potential in the membrane of a neuro…
69 terms
Chapter 15 A&P
Hemostasis
How many elements are there?
What is a nucleus? and what is in it?
Eponyms
Dynamic balance of anatomy and physiology hemostasis is the p…
92 natural and 20 man made
The center of an atom....and protons and neutrons.
Medical terminology based on the names of people for example…
Hemostasis
Dynamic balance of anatomy and physiology hemostasis is the p…
How many elements are there?
92 natural and 20 man made
102 terms
A&P chapter 15
what is the nasal mucosa made of?
what are the bones that increase the s…
during swallowing what is the nasophar…
coming from the middle ear cavities th…
ciliated epithelial tissue
conche
soft palate
eustachian tubes
what is the nasal mucosa made of?
ciliated epithelial tissue
what are the bones that increase the s…
conche
28 terms
A & P Chapter 15
What are the four main differences bet…
What types of responses are controlled…
What types of responses are controlled…
Where do the preganglionic neurons of…
1. somatic NS receives and responds to external stimuli while…
responses of the SNS are generalized as the fight or flight r…
responses of the PNS are generalized as the rest and digest r…
in the thoracocolumbar division (T1-L3 nerves)
What are the four main differences bet…
1. somatic NS receives and responds to external stimuli while…
What types of responses are controlled…
responses of the SNS are generalized as the fight or flight r…
40 terms
A&P Chapter 15 Review
The somatic nervous system includes bo…
The somatic nervous system operates un…
Define interoceptor
Define Autonomic Nervous System (ANS).
True
True
A sensory receptor that receives stimuli from within the body…
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
The somatic nervous system includes bo…
True
The somatic nervous system operates un…
True
44 terms
A&P Chapter 15
olfaction
olfactory region
olfactory neurons
ordorants
sense of smell
superior region of the nasal cavity; lined with olfactory epi…
replaced every three months; are bipolar neurons; over 10mill…
molecules that enter eh nasal cavity and bind to odorant rece…
olfaction
sense of smell
olfactory region
superior region of the nasal cavity; lined with olfactory epi…
61 terms
A & P I Chapter 15
rods
lens
fovea centralis
retina
Which photoreceptors respond to very dim light?
The _____ focuses light on the retina.
contains only cones, provides detailed color vision.
consists of a pigmented layer and a neural layer.
rods
Which photoreceptors respond to very dim light?
lens
The _____ focuses light on the retina.
84 terms
A&P Chapter 15
somatic nervous system
autonomic (visceral) sensory neurons
interoceptors
Autonomic motor neurons
The somatic nervous system includes both sensory and motor ne…
The main input to the ANS comes from autonomic (visceral) sen…
Mostly, these neurons are associated with interoceptors, sens…
Autonomic motor neurons regulate visceral activities by eithe…
somatic nervous system
The somatic nervous system includes both sensory and motor ne…
autonomic (visceral) sensory neurons
The main input to the ANS comes from autonomic (visceral) sen…
42 terms
Chapter 15 a and p
Autonomic nervous system
enteric nervous system
interopceptors
ANS motor control
operates via reflex arcs, no conscious control... continuous flo…
withing GI tract wall; operates much like ANS
(ANS) sensory receptors located in blood vessels, vital organ…
involuntary
Autonomic nervous system
operates via reflex arcs, no conscious control... continuous flo…
enteric nervous system
withing GI tract wall; operates much like ANS
27 terms
A P US History Chapter 15
Ten Percent Plan
Wade-Davis Bill
Black codes
Freedmen's Bureau
Plan proposed by Lincoln that granted amnesty to most ex-Conf…
required 50 percent of the voters in a state to take a loyalt…
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly fr…
Established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves a…
Ten Percent Plan
Plan proposed by Lincoln that granted amnesty to most ex-Conf…
Wade-Davis Bill
required 50 percent of the voters in a state to take a loyalt…
34 terms
A & P Chapter 15 Respiratory System
Upper Respiratory Tract
Lower Respiratory tract
Ciliated epithelium
Epiglottis
nose, nasal cavities, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, and trachea
primary bronchi, secondary and tertiary bronchi, bronchioles
lines the nasal cavities and trachea -- sweeps mucus and path…
uppermost cartilage of the larynx, covers the larynx and trac…
Upper Respiratory Tract
nose, nasal cavities, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, and trachea
Lower Respiratory tract
primary bronchi, secondary and tertiary bronchi, bronchioles
170 terms
A&P II - Chapter 15: Cardiovascular System
cardiovascular system
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
Without ________, tissues would lack a…
Body system responsible for transporting blood through the body
Transports oxygen-poor blood from heart to lungs, & back to t…
Transports oxygen-poor blood from heart to lungs, &back to th…
circulation
cardiovascular system
Body system responsible for transporting blood through the body
pulmonary circuit
Transports oxygen-poor blood from heart to lungs, & back to t…
178 terms
Chapter 15 A&P 142
olfactory receptors
olfactory receptors
olfactory receptors
72
What is located in olfactory epithelium?
What are chemoreceptors that are stimulated by chemicals diss…
What receptors function together with taste receptors and aid…
Dog's sense of smell is _____ times more sensitive than humans?
olfactory receptors
What is located in olfactory epithelium?
olfactory receptors
What are chemoreceptors that are stimulated by chemicals diss…
8 terms
A&P chapter 15 Deep Muscles of the Back
Erector Spinae
Iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis
Multifidus
Quadratus lumborum
Action: extends the vertebral column laterally.
Origin: vertebral column, ilum, ribs... Insertion: ribs, vertebr…
Origin: iliac crest, vertebral column... Insertion: vertebral co…
Origin: posterior iliac crest... Insertion: T12 and L1-4, rib 12…
Erector Spinae
Action: extends the vertebral column laterally.
Iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis
Origin: vertebral column, ilum, ribs... Insertion: ribs, vertebr…
43 terms
A & P: Chapter 15
What structure is also known as the pa…
When the ventricular walls contract,
Factors that increase heart rate and b…
The pulmonary trunk divides into the r…
SA node
the mitral and tricuspid valves close.
all of the above.
5
What structure is also known as the pa…
SA node
When the ventricular walls contract,
the mitral and tricuspid valves close.
58 terms
A&P - Chapter 15 - Digestive System
alimentary canal
anus
appendicitis
bile
the digestive tract as a whole
distal end or outlet of the rectum
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
substance that reduces large fat globules into smaller drople…
alimentary canal
the digestive tract as a whole
anus
distal end or outlet of the rectum
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