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Study sets matching "a p2 chapter 24"

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Study sets matching "a p2 chapter 24"

78 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 24&25
Digestive System Composed of:
Layers of the GI Tract
Epithelium of Mucosa
Submucosa
Gastrointestinal tract:... Extending from mouth to anus... Mouth, m…
Mucosa... Submucosa... Muscularis... Serosa
Non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium: mouth, pharyn…
Submucosa contains many blood and lymphatic vessels ... to recei…
Digestive System Composed of:
Gastrointestinal tract:... Extending from mouth to anus... Mouth, m…
Layers of the GI Tract
Mucosa... Submucosa... Muscularis... Serosa
203 terms
Chapter 24 A&P2
1) Each of the following organs is a c…
2) Which of the following is an access…
3) Digestion refers to the ... A) mechani…
4) Which of the following is not a fun…
B) bladder.
B) pancreas
C) mechanical and chemical breakdown of food.
A) filtration
1) Each of the following organs is a c…
B) bladder.
2) Which of the following is an access…
B) pancreas
50 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 24
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Phosphorylation
All the chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life.
Reactions that are building up, such as proteins.
Reactions that are breaking down.
Adding a phosphate group to a molecule.
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life.
Anabolism
Reactions that are building up, such as proteins.
13 terms
A&P2 Chapter 24 &25
Renal capsule
Hilum of the Kidney
renal cortex
renal medulla
Outer lining of the kidneys
Renal capsule
Outer lining of the kidneys
Hilum of the Kidney
79 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 24
GI Tract
Accessory (Digestive Organs)
Digestive System
Metabolism/Tissue
this section of the digestive system is essentially a one-way…
this section of the digestive system includes: teeth, tongue,…
functions include: to digest and absorb food; to absorb water…
food provides chemical energy for ____, and nutrients for ___…
GI Tract
this section of the digestive system is essentially a one-way…
Accessory (Digestive Organs)
this section of the digestive system includes: teeth, tongue,…
240 terms
A&P 2, chapter 24
Food contains substances
Digestive system
Gastroenterology
Proctology
Energy the body needs to construct all cell components
Organs that collectively perform these functions
Medical profession that studies the structures, functions, an…
Studies the lower end of the digestive tract
Food contains substances
Energy the body needs to construct all cell components
Digestive system
Organs that collectively perform these functions
65 terms
Chapter 24 A&P 2
GI Tract
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
refers to stomach and intestines
throat with tubular mucous glands
tubular mucous glands
with many different kinds of glands that are tubular
GI Tract
refers to stomach and intestines
Pharynx
throat with tubular mucous glands
37 terms
A&P Chapter 24.2
potent organic compounds needed in min…
diet - foods or vitamin supplements... sy…
absorbed along with water from GI trac…
bind to ingested lipids & are absorbed…
Define vitamin
Know the sources of vitamins
water soluble vitamins
fat soluble vitamins
potent organic compounds needed in min…
Define vitamin
diet - foods or vitamin supplements... sy…
Know the sources of vitamins
12 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 24
Functions of Digestive Systems:
3 layers of digestive track
Mucosa:
Muscularis Mucosa:
-ingestion... -mechanical processing... -digestion... -secretion... -abso…
-mucosa... -submucosa... -serosa
--inner lining/all throughout--... mucous membrane... muscularis m…
band of smooth muscle located in the lamina propria... contracti…
Functions of Digestive Systems:
-ingestion... -mechanical processing... -digestion... -secretion... -abso…
3 layers of digestive track
-mucosa... -submucosa... -serosa
53 terms
A&P2: Chapter 24
Cellular function requires
3 types of homeostatic balance
65% __________?... 35%___________?
water moves by
a fluid medium with a carefully controlled composition
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
65% intracellular fluid (ICF)... 35% extracellular fluid (ECF)... (…
osmosis
Cellular function requires
a fluid medium with a carefully controlled composition
3 types of homeostatic balance
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
105 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 24
GI tract/alimentary canal organs
accessory digestive organs
digestive processes
mucosa of GI tract
mouth, most of pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,…
teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancr…
1) ingestion... 2) secretion- water, acid, buffers, and enzymes…
inner lining of GI tract... composed of:... 1) a layer of epitheliu…
GI tract/alimentary canal organs
mouth, most of pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,…
accessory digestive organs
teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancr…
46 terms
A and P 2 chapter 24
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
cellular respiration
all the chemical reactions that are needed to maintain life
the building of molecules
break down of molecules
producing ATP (oxygen, glucose, fatty acid and protein)
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that are needed to maintain life
anabolism
the building of molecules
77 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 24
functions of the digestive system
ingestion
mechanical processing
digestion
ingestion... mechanical processing ... digestion ... secretion ... absorp…
bringing nutrients into the body
chewing/mastication
chemical breakdown of food
functions of the digestive system
ingestion... mechanical processing ... digestion ... secretion ... absorp…
ingestion
bringing nutrients into the body
57 terms
A and P 2: chapter 24
Which nutrients function as co-enzymes…
the correct sequence of steps as energ…
What is the correct general equation f…
processes that takes place in the cyto…
vitamins
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP energy... (glucose + oxyge…
glycolysis
Which nutrients function as co-enzymes…
vitamins
the correct sequence of steps as energ…
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
31 terms
Chapter 24 A&P2
The higher the relative humidity:
This a mechanism of heat transfer that…
The loss of heat in the form of infrar…
Which of the choices below is not a me…
The lower the rate of evaporation
Conduction
Radiation
Sweating
The higher the relative humidity:
The lower the rate of evaporation
This a mechanism of heat transfer that…
Conduction
30 terms
A&P2 Chapter 24
The higher the relative humidity?
this is a mechanism of heat transfer t…
the loss of heat in the form of infrar…
which of the choices below is not a me…
the lower the rate of evaporation
conduction
radiation
sweating
The higher the relative humidity?
the lower the rate of evaporation
this is a mechanism of heat transfer t…
conduction
56 terms
A and P 2: chapter 24
Which nutrients function as co-enzymes…
the correct sequence of steps as energ…
What is the correct general equation f…
processes that takes place in the cyto…
vitamins
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP energy... (glucose + oxyge…
glycolysis
Which nutrients function as co-enzymes…
vitamins
the correct sequence of steps as energ…
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
22 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 24 Homework
Which of following processes is the pr…
Which of the following processes is th…
Which of the following accessory organ…
Which of the following accessory organ…
Ingestion
Absorption
Salivary glands
Liver
Which of following processes is the pr…
Ingestion
Which of the following processes is th…
Absorption
53 terms
A&P2: Chapter 24 Balance
Cellular function requires
3 types of homeostatic balance
65% __________?... 35%___________?
water moves by
a fluid medium with a carefully controlled composition
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
65% intracellular fluid (ICF)... 35% extracellular fluid (ECF)... (…
osmosis
Cellular function requires
a fluid medium with a carefully controlled composition
3 types of homeostatic balance
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
111 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 24
Ingestion
Mechanical Processing
Digestion
Secretion
Getting food into the body
Physical breaking food particles into smaller particles
Chemical breakdown of food molecules into smaller molecules (…
Release acids, enzymes processing and digestion of food
Ingestion
Getting food into the body
Mechanical Processing
Physical breaking food particles into smaller particles
50 terms
A&P Chapter 24
Absorptive state
Anabolic hormones
ATP synthase
Bile salts
also called the fed state; the metabolic state occurring duri…
hormones that stimulate the synthesis of new, larger molecules
protein pore complex that creates ATP
salts that are released from the liver in response to lipid i…
Absorptive state
also called the fed state; the metabolic state occurring duri…
Anabolic hormones
hormones that stimulate the synthesis of new, larger molecules
104 terms
Chapter 24 A&P 2
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, and Urethra
Filter blood, remove metabolic waste,…
Removes wastes
-Regulate homeostatic processes... -Filte…
List organs of the urinary system
Describe the kidney
Describe urinary tract
3 Functions of kidneys
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, and Urethra
List organs of the urinary system
Filter blood, remove metabolic waste,…
Describe the kidney
271 terms
A&P 2- Chapter 24 Digestive System
digestive tract is a ________ tube
the digestive tract consists of 6 sect…
accessory organs are (name 6 parts)
What are the 6 functions of digestion?
muscular
oral cavity... pharynx... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large i…
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gallbladder... pancreas
ingestion... mechanical processing... digestion... secretion... absorptio…
digestive tract is a ________ tube
muscular
the digestive tract consists of 6 sect…
oral cavity... pharynx... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large i…
149 terms
A&P 2- Chapter 24 Digestive System
digestive tract is a ________ tube
the digestive tract consists of 6 sect…
accessory organs are (name 6 parts)
What are the 6 functions of digestion?
muscular
oral cavity... pharynx... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large i…
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gallbladder... pancreas
ingestion... mechanical processing... digestion... secretion... absorptio…
digestive tract is a ________ tube
muscular
the digestive tract consists of 6 sect…
oral cavity... pharynx... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large i…
23 terms
A and P chapter 24
Pinna
External auditory canal
Tympanic membrane
Auditory ossicles
Collects and amplifies sound waves and directs these into the…
Conducts sound waves to the tympanic membrane.
Transfers sound energy to the tiny bones of the middle ear, m…
Conduct sound waves from the tympanic membrane to the oval wi…
Pinna
Collects and amplifies sound waves and directs these into the…
External auditory canal
Conducts sound waves to the tympanic membrane.
192 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 24: The Digestive System
General Structure of the Digestive Sys…
Another name for the digestive tract
Digestive Tract structures
Small Intestine
1. Digestive Tract... 2. Accessory Organs
Alimentary Canal
1. Oral Cavity... 2. Pharynx... 3. Esophagus... 4. Stomach... 5. Small In…
- 20 ft. long... - 1 inch in diameter
General Structure of the Digestive Sys…
1. Digestive Tract... 2. Accessory Organs
Another name for the digestive tract
Alimentary Canal
37 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 24 Notes/Powerpoints
Definition of GI tract
List the parts of the GI tract
What are the accessory structures of t…
Define these terms:... Ingestion, Secreti…
Long tube that is open at both ends for the transit of food d…
-Esophagus... -Stomach... -Small intestine... -Large intestine... -Rectum
-Teeth... -Tongue... -Salivary glands... -Liver... -Gall bladder... -Pancreas
-Ingestion: Taking food into mouth... -Secretion: Release of wat…
Definition of GI tract
Long tube that is open at both ends for the transit of food d…
List the parts of the GI tract
-Esophagus... -Stomach... -Small intestine... -Large intestine... -Rectum
52 terms
A&P2: Chapter 24 - Metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Cellular Respiration
All chemical reactions necessary to maintain life
Reactions that build up (build protein)
Breaking down (digestion)
ATP production within the cell ... Glycosis → Krebs cycle → Oxid…
Metabolism
All chemical reactions necessary to maintain life
Anabolism
Reactions that build up (build protein)
101 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 24 (Urinary System)
The ___________ transfer urine from th…
What is the correct sequence of organs…
Which is not a function of the kidneys…
In response to low blood ________, the…
ureters
b
d
oxygen; erythropoietin
The ___________ transfer urine from th…
ureters
What is the correct sequence of organs…
b
50 terms
A&P2 Chapter 24 Digestive System
Digestive System Functions (6)
Oral cavity, teeth, tongue
Liver
Gallbladder
Ingestion: Occurs when materials enter digestive tract via th…
mechanical processing, moistening, mixing with salivary secre…
Secretion of bile (important in lipid digestion), storage of…
Storage and concentration of bile
Digestive System Functions (6)
Ingestion: Occurs when materials enter digestive tract via th…
Oral cavity, teeth, tongue
mechanical processing, moistening, mixing with salivary secre…
56 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 24 HW
Which nutrients function as coenzymes…
The correct sequence of steps as energ…
What is the correct general equation f…
Which of the following processes takes…
vitamins
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP energy
glycolysis
Which nutrients function as coenzymes…
vitamins
The correct sequence of steps as energ…
glycolysis → acetyl CoA → citric acid cycle → electron transp…
53 terms
A&P2: Chapter 24
Cellular function requires
3 types of homeostatic balance
65% __________?... 35%___________?
water moves by
a fluid medium with a carefully controlled composition
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
65% intracellular fluid (ICF)... 35% extracellular fluid (ECF)... (…
osmosis
Cellular function requires
a fluid medium with a carefully controlled composition
3 types of homeostatic balance
water balance, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance
66 terms
Chapter 24 a&p
Muscles make up about how much of a pe…
Each muscle is made up of specialized…
Muscle fibers are held together by...
The connective tissue is held together…
42%
Muscle fibers
Connective tissue
Fascia
Muscles make up about how much of a pe…
42%
Each muscle is made up of specialized…
Muscle fibers
105 terms
A&P Chapter 24
esophagus
digestion
enteroendocrine
lamina propia
the digestive tube between the pharynx and the stomach
the chemical breakdown of food into small organic fragments s…
the cells of the digestive epithelium scattered among the col…
the layer of loose connective tissue that contains blood vess…
esophagus
the digestive tube between the pharynx and the stomach
digestion
the chemical breakdown of food into small organic fragments s…
31 terms
A&P2 Chapter 24 (8 questions)
Define ... a) nutrition... b) catabolism... c)…
Nutrients in order of utilization
How is food energy determined
Define... a) nutrient... b) essential nutrie…
a)... b) breakdown ... c) synthesis
CARBO > LIPIDS > PRO
chemically, in measurable units (calories), measured by its a…
a) food substances promoting normal growth, maintenance, and/…
Define ... a) nutrition... b) catabolism... c)…
a)... b) breakdown ... c) synthesis
Nutrients in order of utilization
CARBO > LIPIDS > PRO
82 terms
A&P Chapter 24
What is the correct sequence of organs…
Which is not a function of the kidneys…
In response to low blood ________, the…
The kidneys are located ___________ th…
Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra
Regulation of lymphocyte production
oxygen, erythropoietin
posterior to
What is the correct sequence of organs…
Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra
Which is not a function of the kidneys…
Regulation of lymphocyte production
171 terms
A&P Chapter 24
Urine
pH
Vitamin D, glucose
Blood pressure
The urinary system removes wastes through the formation of what
The urinary system regulates the volume, composition, and ___…
The urinary system metabolizes what to its active form and pr…
The urinary system helps regulate what through the production…
Urine
The urinary system removes wastes through the formation of what
pH
The urinary system regulates the volume, composition, and ___…
39 terms
Chapter 24 A&P
what makes up the digestive system
GI tract
accessory digestive organs
6 processes of digestive system
GI tract, accessory digestive organs
tube through the body with two openings ... -mouth... -esophagus... -s…
-teeth... -tongue... -salivary glands... -gallbladder... -liver... -pancreas
-ingestion... -secretion... -mixing/propulsion... -digestion... -absorpti…
what makes up the digestive system
GI tract, accessory digestive organs
GI tract
tube through the body with two openings ... -mouth... -esophagus... -s…
96 terms
A&P Chapter 24
GI tract
functional segments of GI tract
accessory structures of GI tract
mucosa
tube through the body with 2 openings
mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines (small and large)
salivary glands, tongue, teeth, gall bladder, liver, pancreas
layer of GI tract made of epithelial tissue, lamina propria,…
GI tract
tube through the body with 2 openings
functional segments of GI tract
mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines (small and large)
10 terms
A&P2 Chapter 24 - Reproduction
Testes
Ducts (male)
Accessory Glands (male)
Supporting Structures (male)
series of ducts, accessory glands, and supportive structures.
- Epididymis... - Ductus Deferens... - Urethra
- Seminal Vesicles... - Prostate Gland... - Bulbourethral Gland
- Scrotum... - Penis
Testes
series of ducts, accessory glands, and supportive structures.
Ducts (male)
- Epididymis... - Ductus Deferens... - Urethra
92 terms
A&P Chapter 24
What is the correct sequence of organs…
Which is not a function of the kidneys…
In response to low blood ________, the…
The kidneys are located ___________ th…
Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra
Regulation of lymphocyte production
oxygen, erythropoietin
posterior to
What is the correct sequence of organs…
Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra
Which is not a function of the kidneys…
Regulation of lymphocyte production
27 terms
A+P Chapter 24
Healthy Eating Pyramid
MyPlate
Carbohyrdrates
Lipids
Put out in 1992 by Walter Willett. Locked at 6 major food gro…
USDA 2011, food guide wit the symbol if a dinner plate. Shows…
Derived from plants. Monosaccharide glucose is used as fuel b…
Most abundant dietary lipids are triglycerides. Unsaturated f…
Healthy Eating Pyramid
Put out in 1992 by Walter Willett. Locked at 6 major food gro…
MyPlate
USDA 2011, food guide wit the symbol if a dinner plate. Shows…
94 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 24 Vocab
Digestive system
Digestive (alimentary) tract
Accessory organs
Swallowing (deglutition)
System that consists of the digestive tract and its associate…
A tube extending from the mouth to the anus that consists of…
Primarily glands located outside the digestive tract that sec…
The movement of liquid or a soft mass of food and liquid from…
Digestive system
System that consists of the digestive tract and its associate…
Digestive (alimentary) tract
A tube extending from the mouth to the anus that consists of…
65 terms
A&P Chapter 24
The chemical and mechanical breakdown…
______ are double sheets of peritoneal…
Mesenteries are there to ________.
The ______ is the inner lining of the…
Digestion
Mesenteries
stabilize attached organs and prevent your intestines from be…
mucosa
The chemical and mechanical breakdown…
Digestion
______ are double sheets of peritoneal…
Mesenteries
74 terms
A&P I Chapter 24 (2)
An oblong gland posterior to the stomach
Pancreas connects to the
Digestion and absorption in the S.I. d…
The pancreas has cluster of
pancreas
S.I. by ducts
the pancreas's secretion
glandular epithelium
An oblong gland posterior to the stomach
pancreas
Pancreas connects to the
S.I. by ducts
54 terms
A&P chapter 24
essential nutrients
positive nitrogen balance
negative nitrogen balance
A, D, E, and K
45-50 molecules that cannot be made by the body; must be rece…
when protein synthesis is higher than protein breakdown; ex:…
excessive protein breakdown; ex: physical/emotional stress, s…
types of fat soluble vitamins
essential nutrients
45-50 molecules that cannot be made by the body; must be rece…
positive nitrogen balance
when protein synthesis is higher than protein breakdown; ex:…
165 terms
Chapter 24 Connect (A&P2)
Water intake totals about 2500 mL/day.…
List the roles of calcium:
Match the type of water loss with its…
Rank the following routes of normal wa…
preformed
-participates in bone and tooth development... -acts as a factor…
-water loss through the breath and cutaneous transpiration: i…
-urine... -cutaneous transpiration (recall that about 400 mL/day…
Water intake totals about 2500 mL/day.…
preformed
List the roles of calcium:
-participates in bone and tooth development... -acts as a factor…
55 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 24 Metabolism
What is metabolism?
what is the kreb cycle?
how are anabolism and catabolism linke…
What is pyruvic acid?
All of the chemical reactions within a cell used to store or…
completely breaks down pyruvic acid to CO2, yielding small am…
Some of the energy release during catabolism is captured in t…
A 3-carbon compound.... The starting molecule in the Kreb's Cycl…
What is metabolism?
All of the chemical reactions within a cell used to store or…
what is the kreb cycle?
completely breaks down pyruvic acid to CO2, yielding small am…
171 terms
A&P Chapter 24
Urine
pH
Vitamin D, glucose
Blood pressure
The urinary system removes wastes through the formation of what
The urinary system regulates the volume, composition, and ___…
The urinary system metabolizes what to its active form and pr…
The urinary system helps regulate what through the production…
Urine
The urinary system removes wastes through the formation of what
pH
The urinary system regulates the volume, composition, and ___…
93 terms
Chapter 24 A&P II
oxygen and organic molecules
digestive system
digestive tract
accessory organs
Which two things are required by metabolic reactions?
provides the fuel needed to keep the body's cells running... bui…
(directly touches food) (mouth, gut, and a terminal opening k…
does not directly touch food-teeth, tongue, glandular organs…
oxygen and organic molecules
Which two things are required by metabolic reactions?
digestive system
provides the fuel needed to keep the body's cells running... bui…
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