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Study sets matching "a tour of the cell chapter 6"

28 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
41 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscopy (LM)
Electrons Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Used to see organelles, focuses a beam of electrons through t…
useful for detail study of the topography of a specimen
used to study the internal structure of cells
Light Microscopy (LM)
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Electrons Microscope (EM)
Used to see organelles, focuses a beam of electrons through t…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
100 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Organelle
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
Bacteria and Archaea
Protists, fungi, animals and plants
Structures with specialized functions suspended in cytosol of…
The two types of cells
Examples of Prokaryotic Cells
Examples of Eukaryotic Cells
Organelle
Structures with specialized functions suspended in cytosol of…
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
The two types of cells
73 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
actin
basal body
cell fractionation
cell wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
Process of taking cells apart, separating the major organelle…
outer layer that maintains cell's shape and protects cell fro…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
basal body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
162 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Cell
Cell
A microscopic single-celled organism which has neither a dist…
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a mem…
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism.
The simplest collection of matter that can be alive.
Prokaryotic
A microscopic single-celled organism which has neither a dist…
Eukaryotic
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a mem…
67 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Actin
Basal body
Cell fractionation
Cell wall
A globular protein that links into chains forming microfilame…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of microtubule triplet…
Technique which takes cells apart and separates major organel…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains forming microfilame…
Basal body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of microtubule triplet…
29 terms
Chapter.6 A Tour of the Cell
What are organisms made out of?
Cells
Why are Microscopes used?
How do Light Microscopes (LM) work?
Cells
Simplest collection of matter that could be alive. They are a…
Used in order to see the cells.
Visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
What are organisms made out of?
Cells
Cells
Simplest collection of matter that could be alive. They are a…
74 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Who first observed cells under a micro…
What is the difference between magnifi…
What is a major disadvantage to an ele…
What are the two different types of el…
Robert Hooke first observed the dead cells of an oak tree und…
They both limit what we can say. Magnification is how many ti…
methods used to prepare specimens kills the cells.
scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron…
Who first observed cells under a micro…
Robert Hooke first observed the dead cells of an oak tree und…
What is the difference between magnifi…
They both limit what we can say. Magnification is how many ti…
Chapter 6: A tour of the cell
Cell
Light Microscope
Quality of Microscopic image
Scanning electron microscopes
The simplest collection of matter that can live. Its structur…
Uses visible light to magnify images of specimen. Can magnify…
depends on the magnification, resolution, and contrast
Focus a beam of electrons on to the surface of a specimen to…
Cell
The simplest collection of matter that can live. Its structur…
Light Microscope
Uses visible light to magnify images of specimen. Can magnify…
103 terms
Chapter 6 A Tour of the Cell
Cell
Organelles
Cell Fractation
Eukaryotic cells have internal membran…
All organisms made of cells... The simplest collection of matte…
Membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
Takes apart cells and separates major organelles & other subs…
Main idea
Cell
All organisms made of cells... The simplest collection of matte…
Organelles
Membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
73 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
actin
basal body
cell fractionation
cell wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
Process of taking cells apart, separating the major organelle…
outer layer that maintains cell's shape and protects cell fro…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
basal body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Plant Cell special organelles
Flagellum
Membrane-bound organelles. ... DNA in nucleus. Single or multi-c…
No membrane-bound organelles.... DNA in nucleoid. Single cellula…
Cell walls, chloroplasts, central vacuole
-ANIMAL ONLY... -motility structure present in some ANIMAL cells…
Eukaryotic Cell
Membrane-bound organelles. ... DNA in nucleus. Single or multi-c…
Prokaryotic Cell
No membrane-bound organelles.... DNA in nucleoid. Single cellula…
37 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
active transport
ATP
cell theory
cell wall
movement of molecules across a membrane requiring energy to b…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cell use for…
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
strong wall outside a plant cell's plasma membrane that prote…
active transport
movement of molecules across a membrane requiring energy to b…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cell use for…
41 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscopy (LM)
Electrons Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Used to see organelles, focuses a beam of electrons through t…
useful for detail study of the topography of a specimen
used to study the internal structure of cells
Light Microscopy (LM)
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Electrons Microscope (EM)
Used to see organelles, focuses a beam of electrons through t…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope
Microscopy concepts
Robert Hooke
Electron Microscope
Invented in 1590, max magnification is about 1000x
Magnification, resolution, contrast
Described cells in 1665
Resolving power is inversely proportional to wavelength, can…
Light Microscope
Invented in 1590, max magnification is about 1000x
Microscopy concepts
Magnification, resolution, contrast
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
34 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Cell
light microscope (LM)
organelles
electron microscope (EM)
-simplest collection of matter that can be alive. ... - all cell…
-visible light passes through specimen and then through glass…
membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
- focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto it…
Cell
-simplest collection of matter that can be alive. ... - all cell…
light microscope (LM)
-visible light passes through specimen and then through glass…
72 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
light microscope (LM)
organelle
electron microscope (EM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
a microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron beam on o…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to scan the surface o…
light microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
organelle
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
99 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Actin
Basal Body
Cell Fractionation
Cell Wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a "9 + 0" arrangeme…
The disruption of a cell and separation of its parts by centr…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
Actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
Basal Body
A eukaryotic cell structure consisting of a "9 + 0" arrangeme…
46 terms
A Tour of the Cell (Chapter 6)
DNA plasma membrane cytoplasm and ribo…
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Because it facilitates the exchange of…
Name features that all cells share
DNA is in nucleoid, "before nucleus", smaller than eukaryotic…
DNA is in nucleus, "true nucleus", larger, has nucleus and or…
Why is surface-to-area-volume ration important for all cells?
DNA plasma membrane cytoplasm and ribo…
Name features that all cells share
Prokaryotic cell
DNA is in nucleoid, "before nucleus", smaller than eukaryotic…
99 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Cell walls were first seen by Robert H…
light microscope
magnification
resolution
True
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
measure of the clarity of the image
Cell walls were first seen by Robert H…
True
light microscope
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
76 terms
Chapter 6: A tour of the Cell
cell
light microscope (LM)
magnification
resolution
the simplest collection of matter that can be alive; all orga…
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size (enlarges)
the measure of the clarity of the image,or the minimum distan…
cell
the simplest collection of matter that can be alive; all orga…
light microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
24 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Used to see organelles, focuses a beam of electrons through t…
useful for detail study of the topography of a specimen
used to study the internal structure of cells
Light Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Electron Microscope
Used to see organelles, focuses a beam of electrons through t…
36 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Plasma membrane
Desmosomes
Gap junctions
Cell Wall
Membrane at the boundary of every cell; phospholipid bilayer…
...
...
Protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cells…
Plasma membrane
Membrane at the boundary of every cell; phospholipid bilayer…
Desmosomes
...
30 terms
Chapter 6 (A tour of the cell)
Distinguish between magnification and…
Describe the principles, advantages, a…
Describe the major steps of cell fract…
Distinguish between prokaryotic and eu…
Magnification -> The ratio of an object's image to it's real…
LIGHT MICROSCOPE... Principals -> Visible light is passed thoug…
Cell fractionation -> The disruption of a cell and separation…
Prokaryotic cells -> A type of cell lacking a membrane bound…
Distinguish between magnification and…
Magnification -> The ratio of an object's image to it's real…
Describe the principles, advantages, a…
LIGHT MICROSCOPE... Principals -> Visible light is passed thoug…
87 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Cell Theory
Light Microscope (LM)
magnification
resolution
1) All living things are composed of one or more cells... 2) Cel…
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of the image. it is the minimum dist…
Cell Theory
1) All living things are composed of one or more cells... 2) Cel…
Light Microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
43 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
light microscope (LM)
electron microscope (EM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
visible light is passed through a specimen, using lenses to r…
-focuses a beam of electrons onto/through a specimen... -has a h…
-useful for study of the topography of a specimen ... -specimen…
-used to study internal structure of cells ... -electron beam fo…
light microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through a specimen, using lenses to r…
electron microscope (EM)
-focuses a beam of electrons onto/through a specimen... -has a h…
48 terms
Chapter 6 A Tour of the Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
light microscope
magnification
first saw cell walls
crafted better lenses
visible light passes through the specimen and is refracted th…
ratio of an object's image size to its actual size
Robert Hooke
first saw cell walls
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
crafted better lenses
61 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
light microscope
electron microscopes
magnification
resolution
visible light is passed through specimen through glass lenses…
focuses beam of electrons through specimen... 1. SEM (surface),…
image size: real size
measure of the clarity of the image... minimum distance between…
light microscope
visible light is passed through specimen through glass lenses…
electron microscopes
focuses beam of electrons through specimen... 1. SEM (surface),…
83 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
actin
basal body
cell fractionation
cell wall
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
Process of taking cells apart, separating the major organelle…
outer layer that maintains cell's shape and protects cell fro…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
basal body
A eukaryotic cell organelle consisting of a 9 + 0 arrangement…
37 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
cell theory
micrograph
organelle
plasma membrane
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
photograph of the view through a microscope
part of a cell with a specific function
thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
micrograph
photograph of the view through a microscope
36 terms
Chapter 6: A tour of the Cell
DEFINITION: Cell theory
DEFINITION: Organelle
DEFINITION: Plasma Membrane
DEFINITION: Nucleus
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
an organelle is a tiny cell structure that carries out a spec…
a plasma membrane is a thin outer boundary of a cell that reg…
a nucleus is the control center that directs the cell's activ…
DEFINITION: Cell theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
DEFINITION: Organelle
an organelle is a tiny cell structure that carries out a spec…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
37 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
cell theory
micrograph
organelle
plasma membrane
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
photograph of the view through a microscope
part of a cell with a specific function
thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
micrograph
photograph of the view through a microscope
69 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
A useful technique for studying cell structure and function…
semi-fluid jellylike substance inside all cells in which subc…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
organelles
the membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
cell fractionation
A useful technique for studying cell structure and function…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
65 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Light Microscope
Resolution
Magnification
Contrast
Light passes through specimen and then through glass lenses
Measure of clarity
Ratio of object's image size to real size
Differences in brightness - light and dark
Light Microscope
Light passes through specimen and then through glass lenses
Resolution
Measure of clarity
86 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
light microscope (LM)
organelle
electron microscope (EM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
a microscope that uses magnets to focus an electron beam on o…
a microscope that uses an electron beam to scan the surface o…
light microscope (LM)
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
organelle
any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
72 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Magnification
Resolving power
Major disadvantage of electron microsc…
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
the ratio of an object's image to real size
the measure of the clarity of the image; the minimum distance…
the methods used to prepare the specimen kills the cells
images show a 3D image of the surface of a specimen. The elec…
Magnification
the ratio of an object's image to real size
Resolving power
the measure of the clarity of the image; the minimum distance…
35 terms
Chapter 6- A tour of the Cell
cytoplasm
cytosol
nucleus
chromatin
the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. contain…
the fluid component of the cytoplasm
double membrane nuclear envelope (bilayer of phospholipids),…
complex of DNA and proteins
cytoplasm
the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. contain…
cytosol
the fluid component of the cytoplasm
78 terms
Chapter 6 A Tour of the Cell
All organisms made of..
organelles
light microscope
electron microscope
cells
the membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its…
All organisms made of..
cells
organelles
the membrane enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
38 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
Plasma Membrane
Cytosol
Ribosomes
Eukaryotic Cell
Selective Barrier that allows passage of enough oxygen nutrie…
Inside Cell, a jellylike substance... Subcellular components are…
Tiny complexes that make proteins according to instructions f…
Contains organelle: nucleus which is bound by a double membrane
Plasma Membrane
Selective Barrier that allows passage of enough oxygen nutrie…
Cytosol
Inside Cell, a jellylike substance... Subcellular components are…
44 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
animal cell
plant cell
common features of all cells
cytosol
plasma membranes, cytosol, chromosomes, ribosomes
semifluid substance; holds organelles
animal cell
plant cell
29 terms
Chapter 6 A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
29 terms
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cells
cytoplasm
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
37 terms
Chapter 6: a tour of the cell
cell theory
micrographs
organelle
plasma membrane
all living things are made of cells, cells are basic unit of…
photographs of the view through a microscope
each part of cell with a specific job
thin outer layer of cell
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, cells are basic unit of…
micrographs
photographs of the view through a microscope
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