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Newtons 1st law of motion

Newtons 2nd law of motion

Newtons 3rd law of motion

Momentum

An object remains at rest or in uniform motion unless acted o…

The rate of change of momentum of an object is proportional t…

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

The product of mass and velocity of an object... kgms-1

Newtons 1st law of motion

An object remains at rest or in uniform motion unless acted o…

Newtons 2nd law of motion

The rate of change of momentum of an object is proportional t…

Phase

Pressure

Internal energy

Ideal Gas

The state of the matter (solid, liquid or gas)

Pressure = Sum of the forces (perpendicular to the area) / Area

(The sum of) the random kinetic; and potential energies of th…

A gas that has its internal energy only in the form of kineti…

Phase

The state of the matter (solid, liquid or gas)

Pressure

Pressure = Sum of the forces (perpendicular to the area) / Area

Describe the kinetic model of a Solid…

Describe the kinetic model of a Liquid…

Describe the kinetic model of a Gas (s…

Describe and explain what can be used…

Particles vibrate about fixed positions in regular lattice. T…

Particles are constantly moving around and are free to move p…

Particles are free to move around with constant random motion…

1. The idea that solids, liquids and gases are made up of tin…

Describe the kinetic model of a Solid…

Particles vibrate about fixed positions in regular lattice. T…

Describe the kinetic model of a Liquid…

Particles are constantly moving around and are free to move p…

Magnetic Field

Magnetic Flux

Magnetic Flux Density

Fleming's LHR

A region in which a force acts on magnetic materials or magne…

This passing through an area is given by the magnetic flux de…

In T, this is given by F on 1m of wire carrying a current of…

A rule showing the direction the force on a current carrying…

Magnetic Field

A region in which a force acts on magnetic materials or magne…

Magnetic Flux

This passing through an area is given by the magnetic flux de…

In what direction do magnetic field li…

What rule determines the direction of…

What does a magnetic field line show?

How can you tell the strength of a mag…

North to south

The right hand thumb rule

The direction along which a 'free' north pole would move in t…

The closer the field lines are together the stronger the magn…

In what direction do magnetic field li…

North to south

What rule determines the direction of…

The right hand thumb rule

Explain the term isotope (2)

Explain what is meant by radioactive d…

State what is meant by spontaneous dec…

State what is meant by random decay (1)

Nuclei with the same number of protons and a difference numbe…

Nucleus emits α-particles or β-particles and/or ϒ-radiation t…

decay is not affected by environmental factors (allow two nam…

Either time of decay (of nucleus) cannot be predicted or nucl…

Explain the term isotope (2)

Nuclei with the same number of protons and a difference numbe…

Explain what is meant by radioactive d…

Nucleus emits α-particles or β-particles and/or ϒ-radiation t…

Define: SHM

What is a restoring force?

What is the name of the force that pus…

Why is the study of oscillations impor…

Oscillatory motion in which the acceleration is directly prop…

The force that pulls that pulls or pushes an object in SHM to…

The restoring force

All waves are associated with oscillations including musical…

Define: SHM

Oscillatory motion in which the acceleration is directly prop…

What is a restoring force?

The force that pulls that pulls or pushes an object in SHM to…

When is an object moving in *uniform c…

Is **speed** constant in uniform circula…

Is **velocity** constant in uniform circ…

Is an object in uniform circular motio…

When it's moving in a circle at *constant speed*.

Yes.

No.... The speed is constant but the direction is always changing.

Yes.... Because the velocity is changing (the speed is constant,…

When is an object moving in *uniform c…

When it's moving in a circle at *constant speed*.

Is **speed** constant in uniform circula…

Yes.

Absolute Zero

acoustic impedance

Activity

amplitude modulation

The theoretical temperature at which the molecules of a subst…

product of density of medium and speed of sound in medium

The number of atoms of a radioactive substance that decay per…

amplitude of carrier wave varies in synchrony with the displa…

Absolute Zero

The theoretical temperature at which the molecules of a subst…

acoustic impedance

product of density of medium and speed of sound in medium

What is significant about the value RC…

What happens to the maximum potential…

What is a capacitor?

Define: capacitance

It is the time constant (fancy T), signifies the time taken f…

Doesn't change

A device designed to store electrical charge and therefore st…

The capacitance of a capacitor is the charge stored per volt

What is significant about the value RC…

It is the time constant (fancy T), signifies the time taken f…

What happens to the maximum potential…

Doesn't change

ALIMENTARY CANAL

MECHANICAL BREAK DOWN OF FOOD IN THE D…

LAYERS OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT

ANATOMIC POSTION

AKA digestive tract consisting of the mouth, pharynx, esophag…

Mouth with teeth and tongue in a process of mastication... Sali…

(From innermost to outer layer)... mucous membrane... submucous mem…

The body is erect... the feet are slightly apart... the head is hel…

ALIMENTARY CANAL

AKA digestive tract consisting of the mouth, pharynx, esophag…

MECHANICAL BREAK DOWN OF FOOD IN THE D…

Mouth with teeth and tongue in a process of mastication... Sali…

Radian

Angular Velocity

Uniform Circular Motion

Centripetal Force

The angle(subtended) at the centre of a circle by an arc equa…

Equation: ω = Δθ/ Δt =v/r ... The rate of change of angle swept…

The motion of an object moving in circular path at constant s…

The resultant perpendicular force acting on an object moving…

Radian

The angle(subtended) at the centre of a circle by an arc equa…

Angular Velocity

Equation: ω = Δθ/ Δt =v/r ... The rate of change of angle swept…

a.c. generator

absorption spectra

acceleration (a)

acceleration of free fall (g)

A generator that, via the use of slip rings, produces an alte…

A spectrum of dark lines across the pattern of spectral colou…

The rate of change of velocity, measured in metres per second…

The acceleration of a body falling under gravity. On Earth it…

a.c. generator

A generator that, via the use of slip rings, produces an alte…

absorption spectra

A spectrum of dark lines across the pattern of spectral colou…

What is significant about the value RC…

What happens to the maximum potential…

What is a capacitor?

Define: capacitance

It is the time constant (fancy T), signifies the time taken f…

Doesn't change

A device designed to store electrical charge and therefore st…

The capacitance of a capacitor is the charge stored per volt

What is significant about the value RC…

It is the time constant (fancy T), signifies the time taken f…

What happens to the maximum potential…

Doesn't change

Conserved

3 Rutherford Observations

3 Rutherford Conclusions

Thermionic Emission

Mass Energy... Charge ... Lepton Number... Strangeness

Most of the atoms travelled in a straight line... Some atoms def…

Atoms are mainly empty space... The nucleus is positive... The nucl…

The emission of electrons from a heated surface.

Conserved

Mass Energy... Charge ... Lepton Number... Strangeness

3 Rutherford Observations

Most of the atoms travelled in a straight line... Some atoms def…

what are the 3 main types of particles

what are the 2 sub categories of parti…

what are the 2 sub categories examples…

What forces are felt by Hadrons

Hadrons... Leptons... Bosons

Baryons:Protons & Neutrons... Mesons: Pions

Baryons:( 3 quarks)... Mesons: (Quark + Antiquark)

All

what are the 3 main types of particles

Hadrons... Leptons... Bosons

what are the 2 sub categories of parti…

Baryons:Protons & Neutrons... Mesons: Pions

Characteristic a gas must have for it…

Boyle's Law: wordy definition

Boyle's Law: equation

How pressure-volume graph changes with…

Fixed mass

At a constant temperature pressure p and volume V are inverse…

PV = constant k... or... p=k/V

As temp increases the graph moves further from the origin

Characteristic a gas must have for it…

Fixed mass

Boyle's Law: wordy definition

At a constant temperature pressure p and volume V are inverse…

Describe Rutherford's gold foil experi…

Why was is it necessary to remove the…

What was the Plum Pudding model?

What could the Plum Pudding model acco…

Using an alpha particle gun with a radioactive substance surr…

To remove unwanted air particles/contaminations that could bl…

The theory that suggested that an atom had uniform density, w…

Small deviations in the path of alpha particles as this could…

Describe Rutherford's gold foil experi…

Using an alpha particle gun with a radioactive substance surr…

Why was is it necessary to remove the…

To remove unwanted air particles/contaminations that could bl…

Rutherford Scattering Experiment

Strong Force

Weak Force

Electromagnetic Force

Where a beam of particles is sent to a nucleus and either the…

A Fundamental Force that is inside a nucleus and can be attra…

A Fundamental Force that is responsible for radioactive decay…

A Fundamental Force that acts between electrically charged pa…

Rutherford Scattering Experiment

Where a beam of particles is sent to a nucleus and either the…

Strong Force

A Fundamental Force that is inside a nucleus and can be attra…

Atomic Mass Unit

Activity A

Alpha radiation

Atomic mass unit u

1/12 of the mass of a Carbon-12 atom

Of a radioactive isotope, the number of nuclei of the isotope…

Particles that are each composed of two protons and two neutr…

Correctly referred to as the unified atomic mass constant. 1/…

Atomic Mass Unit

1/12 of the mass of a Carbon-12 atom

Activity A

Of a radioactive isotope, the number of nuclei of the isotope…

Newtons 1st law of motion

Newtons 2nd law of motion

Newtons 3rd law of motion

Momentum

An object remains at rest or in uniform motion unless acted o…

The rate of change of momentum of an object is proportional t…

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

The product of mass and velocity of an object... kgms-1

Newtons 1st law of motion

An object remains at rest or in uniform motion unless acted o…

Newtons 2nd law of motion

The rate of change of momentum of an object is proportional t…

Capacitance

Capacitance Equation

Energy Stored in Capacitor Equation

Charging Process

The charge stored per unit pd.... Q∝V

C = Q/V.... Capacitance = Charge / Voltage

E = 1/2 x Q x V.... Energy stored = Half x Charge x Voltage

The pd across the plates increases in proportion to the charg…

Capacitance

The charge stored per unit pd.... Q∝V

Capacitance Equation

C = Q/V.... Capacitance = Charge / Voltage

First law of Thermodynamics

Ideal Gas

Internal Energy

Specific Heat Capacity

Increase in internal energy of the system is equal to the sum…

1. collisions between atoms and molecules perfectly elastic... 2…

The sum of the random distribution of kinetic and potential e…

Numerical value equal to amount of thermal energy required to…

First law of Thermodynamics

Increase in internal energy of the system is equal to the sum…

Ideal Gas

1. collisions between atoms and molecules perfectly elastic... 2…

Angular Displacement θ (in radians)

Angular Velocity (w)

Period T, the time taken for one oscil…

Frequency... (circular motion)

Length of Arc / Radius

Angular Displacement θ / Time t... 2π * frequency (f)... 2π / tim…

2π / Angular Velocity (w)... From T = D/S

angular velocity (w) / 2π

Angular Displacement θ (in radians)

Length of Arc / Radius

Angular Velocity (w)

Angular Displacement θ / Time t... 2π * frequency (f)... 2π / tim…

Radian

Centripetal acceleration

Centripetal force

Gravitational field strength

One radian is the angle subtended at the centre of a circle b…

a = v²/r (with symbols defined) and directed towards the cent…

F = mv²/r (with symbols defined) and directed towards the cen…

It is the force (of attraction) per unit mass.

Radian

One radian is the angle subtended at the centre of a circle b…

Centripetal acceleration

a = v²/r (with symbols defined) and directed towards the cent…

Alpha-radiation

Beta-radiation

Gamma radiation

Half-life

Alpha radiation consists of positively charged alpha particle…

Beta radiation from naturally occurring radioactive sources c…

Gamma radiation consists of photons with wavelengths of the o…

The half life of a radioactive isotope is the time taken for…

Alpha-radiation

Alpha radiation consists of positively charged alpha particle…

Beta-radiation

Beta radiation from naturally occurring radioactive sources c…

Newton's 1st law

Newton's 2nd law

Newton's 3rd law

Newton's law of gravitation

An object will remain at rest or continue travelling at a con…

The rate of change of momentum of an object is directly propo…

When body A exerts a force on body B, body B exerts an equal…

the gravitational force of attraction between two bodies is d…

Newton's 1st law

An object will remain at rest or continue travelling at a con…

Newton's 2nd law

The rate of change of momentum of an object is directly propo…

Gravitational field strength definition

Gravitational field strength equation:…

Gravitational field strength equation:…

Gravitational field definition

Force per unit mass on small test mass in gravitational field

g = F/m

g=GM/r^2

Force field around a mass

Gravitational field strength definition

Force per unit mass on small test mass in gravitational field

Gravitational field strength equation:…

g = F/m

Ep = m x g x h

Ek = 1/2 x m x v2

📐E = m x c x 📐🚫

P = E/t

Energy in the gravitational potential store = mass(kg) x grav…

Energy in the kinetic store = 1/2 x mass(kg) x speed(m,s)2

Change in energy thermally stored x mass(kg) x specific heat…

Power = energy transferred(J)/times(s)

Ep = m x g x h

Energy in the gravitational potential store = mass(kg) x grav…

Ek = 1/2 x m x v2

Energy in the kinetic store = 1/2 x mass(kg) x speed(m,s)2

define atomic mass unit (u)

define mass defect

Define binding energy

Define mass excess

1/12 the mass of a carbon-12 atom

Difference between mass of nucleus and total mass of separate…

Energy required to separate to infinity all the nucleons of a…

Difference in mass of product and reactant nuclei

define atomic mass unit (u)

1/12 the mass of a carbon-12 atom

define mass defect

Difference between mass of nucleus and total mass of separate…

Rutherford alpha Scattering

Rutherfords's investigation on radioac…

Gamma radiation

Beta radiation

Alpha particles were filed at a gold foil.... 1 in 2000 where de…

Ionising air made it conduct electricity- made detector that…

Absorbed by a few cm of lead, follows inverse square law, mad…

has a much weaker Ionising effect than alpha. range in air is…

Rutherford alpha Scattering

Alpha particles were filed at a gold foil.... 1 in 2000 where de…

Rutherfords's investigation on radioac…

Ionising air made it conduct electricity- made detector that…

Electric field strength

Fleming's left-hand rule

Magnetic flux density

One tesla

force per unit positive charge.

First finger - Magnetic field, Second finger - Current, Thumb…

B = F/IL with symbols explained or appropriate statement in w…

T,The magnetic flux density when a wire of length one metre a…

Electric field strength

force per unit positive charge.

Fleming's left-hand rule

First finger - Magnetic field, Second finger - Current, Thumb…

Absolute Zero

Acoustic Impedance

Activity

Angular Displacement

The temperature at which a system has minimum internal energy…

Acoustic impedance Z is the product of density p of a substan…

The rate of decay or disintegration of a particle from its eq…

The angle through which an object moves in a circle.

Absolute Zero

The temperature at which a system has minimum internal energy…

Acoustic Impedance

Acoustic impedance Z is the product of density p of a substan…

When is an object moving in *uniform c…

Is **speed** constant in uniform circula…

Is **velocity** constant in uniform circ…

Is an object in uniform circular motio…

When it's moving in a circle at *constant speed*.

Yes.

No.... The speed is constant but the direction is always changing.

Yes.... Because the velocity is changing (the speed is constant,…

When is an object moving in *uniform c…

When it's moving in a circle at *constant speed*.

Is **speed** constant in uniform circula…

Yes.

electric potential

capacitance

electric field strength

simple harmonic motion

(V) The electric potential at a point is equal to the work do…

The charge stored per unit pd of a capacitor. The unit of cap…

(E) The force per unit charge on a small, positively charged…

Acceleration is directly proportional to displacement but in…

electric potential

(V) The electric potential at a point is equal to the work do…

capacitance

The charge stored per unit pd of a capacitor. The unit of cap…

Gravitational potential

Gravitational force

Gravitational field strength

Gravitational potential energy

the gravitational potential energy per unit mass due to the p…

the force on a mass towards the centre of gravity due to the…

the gravitational force per unit mass due to the presence of…

the energy needed to overcome the gravitational force of a mass

Gravitational potential

the gravitational potential energy per unit mass due to the p…

Gravitational force

the force on a mass towards the centre of gravity due to the…

Conclusions from Rutherford scattering…

Closest approach of a scattered partic…

Electron diffraction equation for mini…

Advantage of electron diffraction method

-Nuclei must be positive to repel positively charged alpha pa…

Initial Ek = E(elec) = Q(nucleus)q(particle)/4πε₀r... ε₀ = permi…

sinθ = 1.22λ/d... where λ = hc/E

Electrons not affected by strong nuclear force

Conclusions from Rutherford scattering…

-Nuclei must be positive to repel positively charged alpha pa…

Closest approach of a scattered partic…

Initial Ek = E(elec) = Q(nucleus)q(particle)/4πε₀r... ε₀ = permi…

Capacitance Definition

Capacitance Equation

Energy Stored in Capacitor Equation

Time Constant Equation

The charge stored per unit pd, Q∝V, measured in Farads (F)

C = Q/V... Capacitance = Charge / Voltage

E = 1/2 x Q x V... Energy stored = 1/2 x Charge x Voltage ... or... E…

T = R x C... Time Constant = Resistance x Capacitance

Capacitance Definition

The charge stored per unit pd, Q∝V, measured in Farads (F)

Capacitance Equation

C = Q/V... Capacitance = Charge / Voltage

Amplitude

Time Period

Frequency

SHM

Max displacement from equilibrium position

Time for one complete cycle of oscillation

Number of cycles per second

Acceleration is proportional to displacement and in the oppos…

Amplitude

Max displacement from equilibrium position

Time Period

Time for one complete cycle of oscillation

Angle (radians)

Angular velocity

Velocity (related with ω)

Centripetal Force

θ = length of arc/radius

ω = ∆θ/∆t... Rate of change of angular displacement.

v = ωr... r - radius... ω - angular velocity

F = mv² / r... F = mrω²

Angle (radians)

θ = length of arc/radius

Angular velocity

ω = ∆θ/∆t... Rate of change of angular displacement.

Draw a graph of binding energy per nuc…

Describe the energy changes that take…

State the law of conservation of angul…

How do you find the energy losses from…

Peak is at iron (A = 50) at about 8.7MeV... The curve does not d…

Energy is released when the binding energy per nucleon increa…

The total angular momentum of a system remains constant provi…

Loss of energy = change in rotational kinetic energy... Change i…

Draw a graph of binding energy per nuc…

Peak is at iron (A = 50) at about 8.7MeV... The curve does not d…

Describe the energy changes that take…

Energy is released when the binding energy per nucleon increa…

momentum

Newton's Second Law of Motion

impulse

principle of conservation of linear mo…

The product of mass and velocity. Momentum is a vector quanti…

The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the…

The product of force and the time for which it acts.

The total momentum of a system remains constant provided no e…

momentum

The product of mass and velocity. Momentum is a vector quanti…

Newton's Second Law of Motion

The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the…

Force

Inertia

Equilibrium

Weight

A push or a pull; an interaction between pairs of objects.

The tendency of an object to resist changing its present stat…

The state in which the net force on an object is zero.

A measure of the gravitational force from a very large object…

Force

A push or a pull; an interaction between pairs of objects.

Inertia

The tendency of an object to resist changing its present stat…

What is the equation that links mass a…

In what type of reaction does the equi…

Describe the changes in mass and energ…

Describe the changes in mass and energ…

E = mc(sqd)

Nuclear reactions

Alpha particle is emitted ... Nucleus recoils... Released energy is…

Energy is shared between the beta particle, the nucleus and t…

What is the equation that links mass a…

E = mc(sqd)

In what type of reaction does the equi…

Nuclear reactions