Study sets matching "abdomen"

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Study sets matching "abdomen"

23 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
Bowel obstruction
Ileus
Metastases
Localized dilation of abdominal aorta
Blockage of bowel lumen
Failure of bowel peristalsis
Transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
Localized dilation of abdominal aorta
Bowel obstruction
Blockage of bowel lumen
17 terms
Abdomen
Abdominopelvic caviet consists of two…
Abdominal cavity consists of which org…
Pelvic cavity consists of which organs
Parietal Peritoneum
Abdominal cavity... Pelvic cavity
Stomach... Large and small Intestines... Liver... Gall bladder... Spleen…
Rectum... Sigmoid colon... Urinary bladder... Reproductive organs
Abdomen- outer portion in close contact with abdominal wall
Abdominopelvic caviet consists of two…
Abdominal cavity... Pelvic cavity
Abdominal cavity consists of which org…
Stomach... Large and small Intestines... Liver... Gall bladder... Spleen…
133 terms
Abdomen
Agenesis
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Omphalocele
Situs inversus
Complete absence of the liver.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH) is a condition in which…
An omphalocele is a type of abdominal wall defect in which th…
Situs inversus (also called situs transversusor oppositus) is…
Agenesis
Complete absence of the liver.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH) is a condition in which…
187 terms
Abdomen
Muscles of the anterior abdominal wall
Innervation of external oblique
Innervation of internal oblique
Innervation of transverse
External oblique, internal oblique, transverse, rectus abdomi…
Intercostal (T7-T11) and subcostal T12
Intercostal (T7-T11), subcostal T12, iliohypogastric and ilio…
Intercostal (T7-T11), subcostal T12, iliohypogastric and ilio…
Muscles of the anterior abdominal wall
External oblique, internal oblique, transverse, rectus abdomi…
Innervation of external oblique
Intercostal (T7-T11) and subcostal T12
107 terms
Abdomen
Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas
Spleen
Liver
Gallbladder
What are the 3 accessory organs of the digestive tract?
What organ is NOT an accessory organ, and NOT part of the dig…
What organ produces bile?
What organ stores, concentrates and releases bile?
Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas
What are the 3 accessory organs of the digestive tract?
Spleen
What organ is NOT an accessory organ, and NOT part of the dig…
Abdomen
List the 'openings' into the abdominal…
During the postnatal period and during…
the abdominal cavity is smaller/larger…
the cranial projection of the diaphrag…
There are six openings into the abdominal cavity... - caval fora…
umbilical ring - closes within the first few weeks of life. I…
larger - due to cranial projection of the diaphragm
6th
List the 'openings' into the abdominal…
There are six openings into the abdominal cavity... - caval fora…
During the postnatal period and during…
umbilical ring - closes within the first few weeks of life. I…
Abdomen
Solid Viscera
Hollow Viscera
What is the largest solid organ in the…
Steps to physical assessment of the ab…
- Liver... - Pancreas... - Spleen ... - Adrenal glands... - Kidneys ... - Ov…
- Stomach... - Gallbladder... - Small intestine ... - Colon ... - Bladder
Liver
1. Inspect ... 2. Listen/ auscultate ... 3. Percuss... 4. Light Palpat…
Solid Viscera
- Liver... - Pancreas... - Spleen ... - Adrenal glands... - Kidneys ... - Ov…
Hollow Viscera
- Stomach... - Gallbladder... - Small intestine ... - Colon ... - Bladder
102 terms
Abdomen
Anorexia
Dysphagia
Food intolerance
Pyrosis
Loss of appetite from GI disease, medication, pregnancy, or w…
occurs with disorders of the throat or esophagus
resulting in bloating or excessive gas after consumption (i.e…
Heartburn. Burning sensation in esophagus and stomach, from r…
Anorexia
Loss of appetite from GI disease, medication, pregnancy, or w…
Dysphagia
occurs with disorders of the throat or esophagus
23 terms
Abdomen
pylorus
spleen
left lateral (pylorus is gas-filled)
pylorus, right lateral (pylorus is flu…
A
B
Identify view
Identify structure and view
pylorus
A
spleen
B
Abdomen
Omentum
Stomach
Mesentery
Duodenum
Fatty curtain
Omentum
Fatty curtain
Stomach
20 terms
Abdomen
Diaphragm Insertion
External Oblique Insertion
Internal Oblique Insertion
Rectus Abdominis Insertion
Central Aponeurotic Tendon
Anterior iliac crest, linea alba
Costal Cartilage of Ribs 8-12 and Linea Alba
Costal Cartilage of Ribs 5-7 and Xiphoid Process
Diaphragm Insertion
Central Aponeurotic Tendon
External Oblique Insertion
Anterior iliac crest, linea alba
Abdomen
Pyloric sphincter
Greater curvature
Fundus
External Oblique
What is A?
What is H?
Pyloric sphincter
What is A?
Greater curvature
What is H?
117 terms
The Abdomen
Abdomen
Identify... ... Xiphoid process... Costal ma…
quadrant system
regional system
The abdomen is the portion of the trunk that lies between the…
Figure 4.1- slide 2
divides abdomen by transumbilical plane and median plane
divides abdomen based on right and left midclavicular lines,…
Abdomen
The abdomen is the portion of the trunk that lies between the…
Identify... ... Xiphoid process... Costal ma…
Figure 4.1- slide 2
132 terms
abdomen
normal abdominal film
normal gas pattern
abnormal gas pattern
abnormal gas pattern
normal abdominal film
normal gas pattern
221 terms
Abdomen
external oblique muscle origine on
external oblique muscle is enervated by
Internal oblique originate on
Internal oblique is enervated by
lower 8 ribs
lower 6 thoracic nerves... iliohypogastric... ilioinguinal
Lumbar fascia... iliac crest... lateral 2/3 of inguinal ligament
lower 6 thoracic nerves... iliohypogastric... ilioinguinal
external oblique muscle origine on
lower 8 ribs
external oblique muscle is enervated by
lower 6 thoracic nerves... iliohypogastric... ilioinguinal
107 terms
Abdomen
Alcoholic hepatitis
Acute appendicitis
Back
Epigastric area
Visceral pain in upper right quadrant may result from liver d…
Visceral periumbilical pain may signify ___ from distention o…
Pain in duodenal or pancreatic origin may be referred to the…
Pain from pleurisy or inferior wall myocardial infection may…
Alcoholic hepatitis
Visceral pain in upper right quadrant may result from liver d…
Acute appendicitis
Visceral periumbilical pain may signify ___ from distention o…
Abdomen
When is an abdominal exam performed?
Abdominal exam consists of what sequen…
Inspect the abdomen for the following:
Inspect abdominal muscles as patient r…
As part of the comprehensive physical examination ... When pati…
Inspection... Auscultation... Percussion... Palpation
Skin characteristics... Venous return patterns... Symmetry... Surface…
Masses... Hernia... Separation of muscles
When is an abdominal exam performed?
As part of the comprehensive physical examination ... When pati…
Abdominal exam consists of what sequen…
Inspection... Auscultation... Percussion... Palpation
Abdomen
Abdomen is the ______ major body cavit…
The Retroperitoneal (Back) Contains 5…
Pancreas -solid or hallow
Alpha cells - ... Beta cells - ... Delta cel…
second
Adrenal Glands (x2)... Kidney (x2) ... Ureter ... Bladder ... Urethra
flat, solid organ lies below and behind the liver and stomach…
Glucagon - make sugar ... Insulin - converts sugar ... Somalstain -…
Abdomen is the ______ major body cavit…
second
The Retroperitoneal (Back) Contains 5…
Adrenal Glands (x2)... Kidney (x2) ... Ureter ... Bladder ... Urethra
179 terms
Abdomen
RUQ
LUQ
RLQ
LLQ
small bowel... liver... gallbladder... pylorus... duodenum... head of pancre…
small bowel... L lobe liver... spleen... stomach... body of pancreas... spen…
small bowel... cecum... appendix... part ascending colon... lower pole ri…
small bowel... sigmoid colon... part descending colon... lowe rpole L…
RUQ
small bowel... liver... gallbladder... pylorus... duodenum... head of pancre…
LUQ
small bowel... L lobe liver... spleen... stomach... body of pancreas... spen…
76 terms
Abdomen
Abdomen surface landmarks
ABD Wall Muscles
RUQ
LUQ
Anterior extends from diaphragm to pubic symphysis... Posterior…
*joined @ midline by linea alba... -Exterior: rectus abdominus a…
liver, gallbladder, pylorus, duodenum, head of pancreas, part…
stomach, spleen, left lobe of liver, body of pancreas, part o…
Abdomen surface landmarks
Anterior extends from diaphragm to pubic symphysis... Posterior…
ABD Wall Muscles
*joined @ midline by linea alba... -Exterior: rectus abdominus a…
32 terms
Abdomen
Viscera
Linea Alba
Dysphagia
Hernia
Internal abdominal organs
A tendinous seam that runs vertically down the midline of the…
Difficulty swallowing
Protrusion of bowel through abnormal muscle wall opening
Viscera
Internal abdominal organs
Linea Alba
A tendinous seam that runs vertically down the midline of the…
Abdomen
rectus abdominis
external oblique
internal oblique
transverse abdominis
rectus abdominis
external oblique
23 terms
Abdomen
Superficial Inguinal Ring Crura
Posterior Gastric Artery
Secondarily Retroperitoneal
Peritonealization
Lateral crus attaches to pubic tubercle; ... Medial crus attache…
From splenic artery (posterior to stomach) enters GASTROPHREN…
Fusion fascia forms when an organ becomes secondarily retrope…
During development, structures that are peritonealized become…
Superficial Inguinal Ring Crura
Lateral crus attaches to pubic tubercle; ... Medial crus attache…
Posterior Gastric Artery
From splenic artery (posterior to stomach) enters GASTROPHREN…
60 terms
Abdomen
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
29 terms
Abdomen
Aneurysm
Anorexia
Ascites
Borborygmi
sac formed by a local widening of the wall of an artery usual…
loss of appetite
accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Sounds caused by stool and or gases moving through intestine…
Aneurysm
sac formed by a local widening of the wall of an artery usual…
Anorexia
loss of appetite
Abdomen
Right upper quadrant
Right left quadrant
left upper quadrant
left lower quadrant
liver... gallbladder... duodenum... head of pancreas... right kidney/ adr…
cecum... appendix... right ovary/fallopian tube... right ureter... right…
stomach... spleen... pancreas (body and tail)... left kidney/adrenal... c…
colon... left ovary/fallopian tube... left ureter... left spermatic co…
Right upper quadrant
liver... gallbladder... duodenum... head of pancreas... right kidney/ adr…
Right left quadrant
cecum... appendix... right ovary/fallopian tube... right ureter... right…
abdomen
external oblique origin
external oblique insertion
external oblique innervation
external oblique action
external surfaces of ribs 5-12
linea alba, pubic tubercle, anterior 1/2 of iliac crest
thoraco-abdominal T6-T12... subcostal nerve T12
compress and support abdominal viscera; flex and rotate trunk
external oblique origin
external surfaces of ribs 5-12
external oblique insertion
linea alba, pubic tubercle, anterior 1/2 of iliac crest
Abdomen
anterior abdomen
posterior border of abdomen
exterior muscles
underlying muscles
extends from diaphragm to symphysis pubis
vertebral column & paravertebral muscles
rectus abdominis & external oblique
internal oblique & transversus
anterior abdomen
extends from diaphragm to symphysis pubis
posterior border of abdomen
vertebral column & paravertebral muscles
Abdomen
Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) contains...
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) contains...
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) contains...
Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) contains...
Liver and gallbladder... Pylorus and duodenum... Head of pancreas... P…
Left lobe of liver... Spleen and stomach... Body of pancreas... Portio…
Lower pole of right kidney... Cecum and appendix... Portion of asce…
Lower pole of left kidney... Sigmoid colon... Portion of descending…
Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) contains...
Liver and gallbladder... Pylorus and duodenum... Head of pancreas... P…
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) contains...
Left lobe of liver... Spleen and stomach... Body of pancreas... Portio…
Abdomen
Abdominopelvic cavity
-Stomach... -Small intestines... -Large inte…
-Rectum... -Sigmoid... -Urinary bladder... -Rep…
Peritoneum
Cavity that extends from the diaphragm to the bony pelvis.
(8) abdominopelvic cavity organs:
What organs does the pelvic cavity contain?
Double walled membranous sac that encloses the abdominopelvic…
Abdominopelvic cavity
Cavity that extends from the diaphragm to the bony pelvis.
-Stomach... -Small intestines... -Large inte…
(8) abdominopelvic cavity organs:
18 terms
Abdomen
External oblique Action
Internal oblique ... Action
Rectus abdominis... Action
Transverse Abdominis... Action
Flex vertebral column and compress abdominal wall
As for external oblique
Flexes and rotates vertebral column
Compresses abdominal contents
External oblique Action
Flex vertebral column and compress abdominal wall
Internal oblique ... Action
As for external oblique
18 terms
Abdomen
Review of systems for Abdomen
General Guidelines for abdominal asses…
Inspection of Abdomen
Inspection of the Skin of the Abdomen
Medical History/Surgical History. Any History of GI Bleed. Me…
Good lighting. Empty Bladder. Warm hands, stethoscope. Short…
Have pt supine with one pillow under head, arms at sides, bre…
Skin: scars:describe location & determine origin. Striae: sil…
Review of systems for Abdomen
Medical History/Surgical History. Any History of GI Bleed. Me…
General Guidelines for abdominal asses…
Good lighting. Empty Bladder. Warm hands, stethoscope. Short…
25 terms
Abdomen
Smooth round mass near-water density <…
Complicated cystic mass, 25-90HU dens
Genetic disorder, formation of numerou…
Corticomedullary phase: ... (kidneys)
Simple cyst
Hyperdense cysts
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
Late arterial: 30-40 sec... Optimal enhancement of renal cortex…
Smooth round mass near-water density <…
Simple cyst
Complicated cystic mass, 25-90HU dens
Hyperdense cysts
224 terms
Abdomen
What separates the abdominal and pelvi…
4 quadrants of the abdomen
what are the 3 sections of the abnorma…
anterolateral wall
the plane of the pelvic inlet (it is not a physical separation
RUQ... LUQ... RLQ... LLQ
anterior ... lateral... posterior ... - anterior and lateral are cont…
skin attaches loosely except at the umbilical ... it is a 3 ply…
What separates the abdominal and pelvi…
the plane of the pelvic inlet (it is not a physical separation
4 quadrants of the abdomen
RUQ... LUQ... RLQ... LLQ
5 terms
Abdomen
Rectus abdominis
external oblique
internal oblique
transverse abdominis
vertebral flexion/compression
vertebral flexion/rotation
vertebral flexion/rotation
compress abdomen
Rectus abdominis
vertebral flexion/compression
external oblique
vertebral flexion/rotation
39 terms
Abdomen
Anatomy
Abdominal pain
abdominal regions
Rovsing's sign
rebound pain in the RLQ when pressure is applied to LLQ and r…
Anatomy
Abdominal pain
199 terms
Abdomen
Anatomical Landmarks:
For descriptive purposes, the abdomen…
Another system divides the abdomen int…
Right Upper Quadrant Abdominal Structu…
- Muscles of the abdominal wall (e.g. Rectus abdominis, Inter…
- RUQ... - LUQ... - RLQ... - LLQ
- Epigastric... - Umbilical... - Hypogastric/ Suprapubic
- Liver... - Gallbladder ... - Duodenum... - Lower pole of R kidney... -…
Anatomical Landmarks:
- Muscles of the abdominal wall (e.g. Rectus abdominis, Inter…
For descriptive purposes, the abdomen…
- RUQ... - LUQ... - RLQ... - LLQ
Abdomen
Pleurisy
Pleura
Visceral Pleura
Parietal Pleura
Inflammation of pleura
lining of lungs and chest wall... double layered wall
deep... covers organs
surrounds body cavities
Pleurisy
Inflammation of pleura
Pleura
lining of lungs and chest wall... double layered wall
37 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal muscle functions (5)
External Oblique (Origin)
External Oblique (Insertion)
External Oblique (Nerve)
1. Strong expandable support for anterolateral abdominal wall…
External surfaces of ribs 5 - 12
Linea alba, pubic tubercle, anterior half of iliac crest
Ventral rami of inferior 6 thoracic nerves
Abdominal muscle functions (5)
1. Strong expandable support for anterolateral abdominal wall…
External Oblique (Origin)
External surfaces of ribs 5 - 12
7 terms
abdomen
rectus abdominus
external oblique
internal oblique
transverse abdominus
flexion of the spine
rotation of torso
rotation of torso
rotation of torso
rectus abdominus
flexion of the spine
external oblique
rotation of torso
27 terms
Abdomen
lower esophageal sphincter
omentum
external oblique
pyloric sphincter
lower esophageal sphincter
omentum
Abdomen
diaphragm
R&L psoas
structures in digestive system
accessory organs
separates abdominal cavity from thoracic cavity
muscles on each side of lumbar; allow spine to flex
- oral cavity... - pharynx... - esophagus... - stomach... - small intesti…
- not in digestive system but aid in digestion... - liver, gallp…
diaphragm
separates abdominal cavity from thoracic cavity
R&L psoas
muscles on each side of lumbar; allow spine to flex
abdomen
retroperitoneal
retroperitoneal cavity organs
abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity
the space behind the peritoneum
kidneys, great vessels
organs of digestion
genital, unrinary
retroperitoneal
the space behind the peritoneum
retroperitoneal cavity organs
kidneys, great vessels
Abdomen
suprarenal artery
renal artery
pelvis to abdomen
abdominal aorta
kidneys moved from...
renal blood supply?
suprarenal artery
renal artery
11 terms
Abdomen
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abominis
Rectus abdominis
Origin - external surfaces of 5th-12th ribs... Insertion - line…
Origin - thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest... Insertion - infer…
Origin - internal surfaces 7-12th costal cartilages, thoracol…
Origin - pubic symphysis and pubic crest... Insertion - xiphoid…
External oblique
Origin - external surfaces of 5th-12th ribs... Insertion - line…
Internal oblique
Origin - thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest... Insertion - infer…
Abdomen
referred pain
hernia
congenital
appendicitis
Pain felt in an area of the body other than its actual source.
A rupture or protrusion of an organ structure through an abno…
Present from birth.
Acute inflammation of vermiform appendix. Sudden onset of pai…
referred pain
Pain felt in an area of the body other than its actual source.
hernia
A rupture or protrusion of an organ structure through an abno…
76 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal Cavity
the 9 regions no one but anatomists use
Clinical Regions; more used
Anterolateral Abdominal Wall
- space bound by abdominal walls, diaphragm, pelvis... - enclose…
- has 4 planes:... horizontal (subcostal, trans tubercular)... vert…
- RUQ, RLQ, LUQ, LLQ... - planes: median/vertical, and trans umb…
- continuous by divided into anterior, right/left lateral (fl…
Abdominal Cavity
- space bound by abdominal walls, diaphragm, pelvis... - enclose…
the 9 regions no one but anatomists use
- has 4 planes:... horizontal (subcostal, trans tubercular)... vert…
5 terms
Abdomen
external oblique
internal obliques
transverse abdominis
rectus abdominis
origin: external surface of ribs 5-12... insertion: abdominal ap…
origin: illiac crest, inguinal ligament, lumbar fascia... insert…
origin: iliac crest, lumbar fascia, costal cartilages 6-12 ... i…
origin: pubis ... insertion: xiphoid process ... action: prime flex…
external oblique
origin: external surface of ribs 5-12... insertion: abdominal ap…
internal obliques
origin: illiac crest, inguinal ligament, lumbar fascia... insert…
7 terms
Abdomen
Stomach
Small Intestine
Pancreas
Liver
digestion
food absorption
produces enzymes to break down food
produces bile
Stomach
digestion
Small Intestine
food absorption
Abdomen
Name The 3 Vessels In The Portal Triad
Describe Hydrops Of The GB And What Is…
Is The Normal Live Parenchyma Hypo Or…
Where Is The Caudate Lobe Located On T…
-Heptic Artery ... -Portal Vein... -Bile Duct
Enlarge Or Dilated GB. ... Mostly Caused By Stone Lodged In The…
Hyperechoic
It Is Located Postersuperior Surface Of The Liver
Name The 3 Vessels In The Portal Triad
-Heptic Artery ... -Portal Vein... -Bile Duct
Describe Hydrops Of The GB And What Is…
Enlarge Or Dilated GB. ... Mostly Caused By Stone Lodged In The…
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