How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "abdomen"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "abdomen"

23 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
Bowel obstruction
Ileus
Metastases
Localized dilation of abdominal aorta
Blockage of bowel lumen
Failure of bowel peristalsis
Transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
Localized dilation of abdominal aorta
Bowel obstruction
Blockage of bowel lumen
17 terms
Abdomen
Abdominopelvic caviet consists of two…
Abdominal cavity consists of which org…
Pelvic cavity consists of which organs
Parietal Peritoneum
Abdominal cavity... Pelvic cavity
Stomach... Large and small Intestines... Liver... Gall bladder... Spleen…
Rectum... Sigmoid colon... Urinary bladder... Reproductive organs
Abdomen- outer portion in close contact with abdominal wall
Abdominopelvic caviet consists of two…
Abdominal cavity... Pelvic cavity
Abdominal cavity consists of which org…
Stomach... Large and small Intestines... Liver... Gall bladder... Spleen…
107 terms
Abdomen
Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas
Spleen
Liver
Gallbladder
What are the 3 accessory organs of the digestive tract?
What organ is NOT an accessory organ, and NOT part of the dig…
What organ produces bile?
What organ stores, concentrates and releases bile?
Liver... Gallbladder... Pancreas
What are the 3 accessory organs of the digestive tract?
Spleen
What organ is NOT an accessory organ, and NOT part of the dig…
132 terms
abdomen
normal abdominal film
normal gas pattern
abnormal gas pattern
abnormal gas pattern
normal abdominal film
normal gas pattern
133 terms
Abdomen
Agenesis
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Omphalocele
Situs inversus
Complete absence of the liver.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH) is a condition in which…
An omphalocele is a type of abdominal wall defect in which th…
Situs inversus (also called situs transversusor oppositus) is…
Agenesis
Complete absence of the liver.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH) is a condition in which…
221 terms
Abdomen
external oblique muscle origine on
external oblique muscle is enervated by
Internal oblique originate on
Internal oblique is enervated by
lower 8 ribs
lower 6 thoracic nerves... iliohypogastric... ilioinguinal
Lumbar fascia... iliac crest... lateral 2/3 of inguinal ligament
lower 6 thoracic nerves... iliohypogastric... ilioinguinal
external oblique muscle origine on
lower 8 ribs
external oblique muscle is enervated by
lower 6 thoracic nerves... iliohypogastric... ilioinguinal
187 terms
Abdomen
Muscles of the anterior abdominal wall
Innervation of external oblique
Innervation of internal oblique
Innervation of transverse
External oblique, internal oblique, transverse, rectus abdomi…
Intercostal (T7-T11) and subcostal T12
Intercostal (T7-T11), subcostal T12, iliohypogastric and ilio…
Intercostal (T7-T11), subcostal T12, iliohypogastric and ilio…
Muscles of the anterior abdominal wall
External oblique, internal oblique, transverse, rectus abdomi…
Innervation of external oblique
Intercostal (T7-T11) and subcostal T12
192 terms
Abdomen
List the 'openings' into the abdominal…
During the postnatal period and during…
the abdominal cavity is smaller/larger…
the cranial projection of the diaphrag…
There are six openings into the abdominal cavity... - caval fora…
umbilical ring - closes within the first few weeks of life. I…
larger - due to cranial projection of the diaphragm
6th
List the 'openings' into the abdominal…
There are six openings into the abdominal cavity... - caval fora…
During the postnatal period and during…
umbilical ring - closes within the first few weeks of life. I…
20 terms
Abdomen
Omentum
Stomach
Mesentery
Duodenum
Fatty curtain
Omentum
Fatty curtain
Stomach
15 terms
Abdomen
Solid Viscera
Hollow Viscera
What is the largest solid organ in the…
Steps to physical assessment of the ab…
- Liver... - Pancreas... - Spleen ... - Adrenal glands... - Kidneys ... - Ov…
- Stomach... - Gallbladder... - Small intestine ... - Colon ... - Bladder
Liver
1. Inspect ... 2. Listen/ auscultate ... 3. Percuss... 4. Light Palpat…
Solid Viscera
- Liver... - Pancreas... - Spleen ... - Adrenal glands... - Kidneys ... - Ov…
Hollow Viscera
- Stomach... - Gallbladder... - Small intestine ... - Colon ... - Bladder
60 terms
Abdomen
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumoperitoneum
102 terms
Abdomen
Anorexia
Dysphagia
Food intolerance
Pyrosis
Loss of appetite from GI disease, medication, pregnancy, or w…
occurs with disorders of the throat or esophagus
resulting in bloating or excessive gas after consumption (i.e…
Heartburn. Burning sensation in esophagus and stomach, from r…
Anorexia
Loss of appetite from GI disease, medication, pregnancy, or w…
Dysphagia
occurs with disorders of the throat or esophagus
27 terms
Abdomen
lower esophageal sphincter
omentum
external oblique
pyloric sphincter
lower esophageal sphincter
omentum
23 terms
Abdomen
pylorus
spleen
left lateral (pylorus is gas-filled)
pylorus, right lateral (pylorus is flu…
A
B
Identify view
Identify structure and view
pylorus
A
spleen
B
117 terms
The Abdomen
Abdomen
Identify... ... Xiphoid process... Costal ma…
quadrant system
regional system
The abdomen is the portion of the trunk that lies between the…
Figure 4.1- slide 2
divides abdomen by transumbilical plane and median plane
divides abdomen based on right and left midclavicular lines,…
Abdomen
The abdomen is the portion of the trunk that lies between the…
Identify... ... Xiphoid process... Costal ma…
Figure 4.1- slide 2
18 terms
Abdomen
Pyloric sphincter
Greater curvature
Fundus
External Oblique
What is A?
What is H?
Pyloric sphincter
What is A?
Greater curvature
What is H?
76 terms
abdomen
retroperitoneal
retroperitoneal cavity organs
abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity
the space behind the peritoneum
kidneys, great vessels
organs of digestion
genital, unrinary
retroperitoneal
the space behind the peritoneum
retroperitoneal cavity organs
kidneys, great vessels
50 terms
Abdomen
suprarenal artery
renal artery
pelvis to abdomen
abdominal aorta
kidneys moved from...
renal blood supply?
suprarenal artery
renal artery
11 terms
Abdomen
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abominis
Rectus abdominis
Origin - external surfaces of 5th-12th ribs... Insertion - line…
Origin - thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest... Insertion - infer…
Origin - internal surfaces 7-12th costal cartilages, thoracol…
Origin - pubic symphysis and pubic crest... Insertion - xiphoid…
External oblique
Origin - external surfaces of 5th-12th ribs... Insertion - line…
Internal oblique
Origin - thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest... Insertion - infer…
76 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal Cavity
the 9 regions no one but anatomists use
Clinical Regions; more used
Anterolateral Abdominal Wall
- space bound by abdominal walls, diaphragm, pelvis... - enclose…
- has 4 planes:... horizontal (subcostal, trans tubercular)... vert…
- RUQ, RLQ, LUQ, LLQ... - planes: median/vertical, and trans umb…
- continuous by divided into anterior, right/left lateral (fl…
Abdominal Cavity
- space bound by abdominal walls, diaphragm, pelvis... - enclose…
the 9 regions no one but anatomists use
- has 4 planes:... horizontal (subcostal, trans tubercular)... vert…
36 terms
Abdomen
referred pain
hernia
congenital
appendicitis
Pain felt in an area of the body other than its actual source.
A rupture or protrusion of an organ structure through an abno…
Present from birth.
Acute inflammation of vermiform appendix. Sudden onset of pai…
referred pain
Pain felt in an area of the body other than its actual source.
hernia
A rupture or protrusion of an organ structure through an abno…
168 terms
Abdomen
Plicae circulares
Mucous neck cells, parietal cells, chi…
enterocytes, goblet cells, paneth cell…
fuction of goblet cells
submucosal folding to increase the surface area for absorption
5 cells in stomach
5 cells in duodinum
secrete mucous
Plicae circulares
submucosal folding to increase the surface area for absorption
Mucous neck cells, parietal cells, chi…
5 cells in stomach
6 terms
Abdomen
external abdominal oblique
internal abdominal oblique
transverses abdominis
rectus abdominis
external abdominal oblique
internal abdominal oblique
8 terms
(Abdomen)
External Oblique... A: Lateral Flexion
Internal Oblique... A: Lateral Flexion
Transverse Abdominis... A: Compress Abdomen
Rectus Abdominis... A: Compress Abdomen
External Oblique... A: Lateral Flexion
Internal Oblique... A: Lateral Flexion
18 terms
Abdomen
Review of systems for Abdomen
General Guidelines for abdominal asses…
Inspection of Abdomen
Inspection of the Skin of the Abdomen
Medical History/Surgical History. Any History of GI Bleed. Me…
Good lighting. Empty Bladder. Warm hands, stethoscope. Short…
Have pt supine with one pillow under head, arms at sides, bre…
Skin: scars:describe location & determine origin. Striae: sil…
Review of systems for Abdomen
Medical History/Surgical History. Any History of GI Bleed. Me…
General Guidelines for abdominal asses…
Good lighting. Empty Bladder. Warm hands, stethoscope. Short…
14 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal calcifications
Phleboliths
lymph nodes can calcify from the resul…
The pancreas can calcify due to:
Rim like, linear or track like, lamellar, and cloud like
calcified thrombi in the veins
granulomateous disease
Chronic induced alcoholic pancreatitis
Abdominal calcifications
Rim like, linear or track like, lamellar, and cloud like
Phleboliths
calcified thrombi in the veins
345 terms
Abdomen
5 f's for abdominal protusions
linea alba
abdominal pressure
Camper's fascia, Scarpa's fascia, Dart…
fat, feces, fetus, flatus, fluid (+tumors)
Extent of Scarpa's is like underwear, like a thong. Scarpa's…
5 f's for abdominal protusions
fat, feces, fetus, flatus, fluid (+tumors)
linea alba
10 terms
Abdomen
Diaphram
External Intercostal
Internal intercostal
Pectoralis Major
Breathing
Elevates Ribs during inhalation
Lowers ribs during exhalation
Flexes, adducts and medially rotates shoulder
Diaphram
Breathing
External Intercostal
Elevates Ribs during inhalation
41 terms
Abdomen
costovertebral angle
pregnant considerations
aging adult considerations
infant considerations
more heartburn(pyrosis) due to esophageal reflux and added pr…
pernicious anemia: not able to absorb vitamin B12... Constipatio…
Percuss tympani ... Liver and bladder (dull) ... Cannot percuss the…
costovertebral angle
pregnant considerations
more heartburn(pyrosis) due to esophageal reflux and added pr…
44 terms
Abdomen
Right hypochondriac region
Epigastric region
Left hypochondriac region
Right Lumbar region
A
B
C
D
Right hypochondriac region
A
Epigastric region
B
9 terms
Abdomen
Viscera
Solid Viscera
Hollow Viscera
Spleen
All the internal Organs
the internal organs that maintain a characteristic shape; Liv…
Internal organs that depend on content; Stomach, gallbladder,…
Located in the LUQ; Soft mass of lymphatic tissue on the post…
Viscera
All the internal Organs
Solid Viscera
the internal organs that maintain a characteristic shape; Liv…
7 terms
Abdomen
External abdominal oblique
internal abdominal oblique
Transverse abdominis
rectus abdominis
sides-up and out
deep-up and in
on iliac crest-parts of sacrum up to border of rib cage " wra…
6 pack
External abdominal oblique
sides-up and out
internal abdominal oblique
deep-up and in
224 terms
Abdomen
What separates the abdominal and pelvi…
4 quadrants of the abdomen
what are the 3 sections of the abnorma…
anterolateral wall
the plane of the pelvic inlet (it is not a physical separation
RUQ... LUQ... RLQ... LLQ
anterior ... lateral... posterior ... - anterior and lateral are cont…
skin attaches loosely except at the umbilical ... it is a 3 ply…
What separates the abdominal and pelvi…
the plane of the pelvic inlet (it is not a physical separation
4 quadrants of the abdomen
RUQ... LUQ... RLQ... LLQ
21 terms
Abdomen
Smooth round mass near-water density <…
Complicated cystic mass, 25-90HU dens
Genetic disorder, formation of numerou…
Corticomedullary phase: ... (kidneys)
Simple cyst
Hyperdense cysts
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
Late arterial: 30-40 sec... Optimal enhancement of renal cortex…
Smooth round mass near-water density <…
Simple cyst
Complicated cystic mass, 25-90HU dens
Hyperdense cysts
37 terms
Abdomen
Superficial fascial layers
External Oblique
External Oblique Aponeurosis
Internal Oblique
superficial - camper's fascia... deep membranous - scarpa's fas…
O: Lateral aspect of ribs 5-12 - fibers replaced by aponeuros…
Forms inguinal ligament... Extends from ASIS to pubic tubercle…
O: Thoracolumbar fascia, Iliac Crest, Lateral Inguinal ligame…
Superficial fascial layers
superficial - camper's fascia... deep membranous - scarpa's fas…
External Oblique
O: Lateral aspect of ribs 5-12 - fibers replaced by aponeuros…
9 terms
abdomen
rectus abdominis
external oblique
sartorius
rectus femoris
rectus abdominis
external oblique
50 terms
Abdomen
Visceral pain
parietal pain
Liver
Gallbladder
vague, general discomfort all over
starting to localize
RUQ, felt at right costal margin
RUQ, generally not palpable, Murphys sign
Visceral pain
vague, general discomfort all over
parietal pain
starting to localize
45 terms
Abdomen
pelvic inlet
peritoneal cavity
muscle of posterior wall - attaches on…
muscle of posterior wall - extends fro…
inferior boundary of abdomen
black space - membrane lined
quadratus lumborum
iliacus
pelvic inlet
inferior boundary of abdomen
peritoneal cavity
black space - membrane lined
65 terms
Abdomen
RUQ
LUQ
RLQ
LLQ
-liver (fills most of it)... -gallbladder... -duodenum (of sm intes…
-stomach... -spleen... -left lobe of liver... -body of pancreas... -left…
-cecum... -appendix... -right ovary and tube... -right ureter... -right s…
-part of descending colon... -sigmoid colon... -left ovary and tube…
RUQ
-liver (fills most of it)... -gallbladder... -duodenum (of sm intes…
LUQ
-stomach... -spleen... -left lobe of liver... -body of pancreas... -left…
38 terms
Abdomen
Right Upper Quadrant
Left Upper Quadrant
Right Lower Quadrant
Left Lower Quadrant
Liver, gallbladder, pylorus, duodenum, hepatic flexure of col…
Tip of medial lobe of liver, spleen, splenic flexure of colon…
Cecum and appendix, ascending colon, bladder if distended, ri…
Sigmoid colon, descending colon, bladder if distended, left o…
Right Upper Quadrant
Liver, gallbladder, pylorus, duodenum, hepatic flexure of col…
Left Upper Quadrant
Tip of medial lobe of liver, spleen, splenic flexure of colon…
77 terms
abdomen
Gastrointestinal history
RUQ... pain! what can it be?
Acute cholecystitis
biliary colic
Abdominal pain, acute <3 months; chronic >3 months... Indigestio…
Acute cholecystitis, biliary colic... Acute hepatitis... Perforated…
Gallbladder! RUQ pain! ... stone impacted in cystic duct; right…
pain caused by the passage of a gallstone through the bile du…
Gastrointestinal history
Abdominal pain, acute <3 months; chronic >3 months... Indigestio…
RUQ... pain! what can it be?
Acute cholecystitis, biliary colic... Acute hepatitis... Perforated…
39 terms
Abdomen
Anatomy
Abdominal pain
abdominal regions
Rovsing's sign
rebound pain in the RLQ when pressure is applied to LLQ and r…
Anatomy
Abdominal pain
199 terms
Abdomen
Anatomical Landmarks:
For descriptive purposes, the abdomen…
Another system divides the abdomen int…
Right Upper Quadrant Abdominal Structu…
- Muscles of the abdominal wall (e.g. Rectus abdominis, Inter…
- RUQ... - LUQ... - RLQ... - LLQ
- Epigastric... - Umbilical... - Hypogastric/ Suprapubic
- Liver... - Gallbladder ... - Duodenum... - Lower pole of R kidney... -…
Anatomical Landmarks:
- Muscles of the abdominal wall (e.g. Rectus abdominis, Inter…
For descriptive purposes, the abdomen…
- RUQ... - LUQ... - RLQ... - LLQ
44 terms
Abdomen
Liver
Gallbladder
Spleen
Stomach
RUQ
RUQ
LUQ
LUQ
Liver
RUQ
Gallbladder
RUQ
64 terms
Abdomen
abdomen
anorexia nervosa
aorta
borborygmus
large, oval cavity from diaphragm down to brim of pelvis
psychosocial disorder: loss of appetite, voluntary starvation…
left of midline in the upper part of the abdomen
"stomach growling"
abdomen
large, oval cavity from diaphragm down to brim of pelvis
anorexia nervosa
psychosocial disorder: loss of appetite, voluntary starvation…
54 terms
Abdomen
Pleurisy
Pleura
Visceral Pleura
Parietal Pleura
Inflammation of pleura
lining of lungs and chest wall... double layered wall
deep... covers organs
surrounds body cavities
Pleurisy
Inflammation of pleura
Pleura
lining of lungs and chest wall... double layered wall
37 terms
Abdomen
Abdominal muscle functions (5)
External Oblique (Origin)
External Oblique (Insertion)
External Oblique (Nerve)
1. Strong expandable support for anterolateral abdominal wall…
External surfaces of ribs 5 - 12
Linea alba, pubic tubercle, anterior half of iliac crest
Ventral rami of inferior 6 thoracic nerves
Abdominal muscle functions (5)
1. Strong expandable support for anterolateral abdominal wall…
External Oblique (Origin)
External surfaces of ribs 5 - 12
110 terms
Abdomen
Iliac Crest
anterior superior iliac spine
Anterior Inferior Iliac spine
Greater sciatic notch
Iliac Crest
anterior superior iliac spine
49 terms
Abdomen
diaphragm
R&L psoas
structures in digestive system
accessory organs
separates abdominal cavity from thoracic cavity
muscles on each side of lumbar; allow spine to flex
- oral cavity... - pharynx... - esophagus... - stomach... - small intesti…
- not in digestive system but aid in digestion... - liver, gallp…
diaphragm
separates abdominal cavity from thoracic cavity
R&L psoas
muscles on each side of lumbar; allow spine to flex
49 terms
Abdomen
Boundaries of the abdomen
Abdomen is divided ______ by two trans…
Define Peritoneal cavity
Location of umbilicus:
Above: Thoracic diaphragm... Below: Pelvic diaphragm... Anterior an…
Topographically
Cavity present inside abdomen, it allows proper movement of G…
The UMBILICUS lies at the level of the inter vertebral disk b…
Boundaries of the abdomen
Above: Thoracic diaphragm... Below: Pelvic diaphragm... Anterior an…
Abdomen is divided ______ by two trans…
Topographically
1 of 10