How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "abnormal psych 3"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "abnormal psych 3"

Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
objective binge eating
subjective binge eating
how do we decide what is subjective an…
purging
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of an OBJECTIVELY lar…
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of a SUBJECTIVELY lar…
Amount of food consumed is larger than what would be expected…
Occurs in response to binge eating and is intended as a means…
objective binge eating
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of an OBJECTIVELY lar…
subjective binge eating
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of a SUBJECTIVELY lar…
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Agoraphobia
Alarm reaction
Anxiety
Anxiety disorder
The fear of being in a place or in a situation where escape m…
Another name for an emergency reaction; how we react in respo…
A negative emotional state marked by a feeling of foreboding…
Any of a number of disorders characterized by feelings of fea…
Agoraphobia
The fear of being in a place or in a situation where escape m…
Alarm reaction
Another name for an emergency reaction; how we react in respo…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Abnormal Psychology
CONCURRENT VALIDITY
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
STANDARDIZATION
ADMINISTRATION, SCORING
DOES IT CORRELATE WITH OTHER MEASURES OF THE SAME THING? (PRE…
HOW WELL DOES IT PREDICT FUTURE BEHAVIOUR OR OUTCOMES? Eg DOE…
IS THE PROCESS OF CREATING THE TEST, & GATHERING THE DATA WIT…
CONSISTENT FOR EVERYONE
CONCURRENT VALIDITY
DOES IT CORRELATE WITH OTHER MEASURES OF THE SAME THING? (PRE…
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
HOW WELL DOES IT PREDICT FUTURE BEHAVIOUR OR OUTCOMES? Eg DOE…
37 terms
Chapter 3 Abnormal Psychology
Validity
Reliability
Standardization
Initial interview
Accuracy of an assessment in measuring what it is supposed to…
Consistency of assessment tools in measuring what it is suppo…
Standard method of administering and interpreting a test... Prev…
Mental status exam: • Appearance and behavior • Thought proce…
Validity
Accuracy of an assessment in measuring what it is supposed to…
Reliability
Consistency of assessment tools in measuring what it is suppo…
64 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Diagnosis
Assessment
Advantages of diagnosis:
Reliability
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
• Facilitates communication among professionals ... • Advances t…
Consistency of measurement (4 types)
Diagnosis
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
Assessment
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
45 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
symptoms of anorexia
symptoms of bulimia
prevalence rates for eating disorders
Gender differences in rates of anorexi…
significantly low weight, fear of gaining weight, disturbance…
binge eating, purging, inappropriate compensatory behavior, e…
rose drastically since the 60's, bulimia is 1.5%, very common…
more common in women, the cultural standard of beauty could b…
symptoms of anorexia
significantly low weight, fear of gaining weight, disturbance…
symptoms of bulimia
binge eating, purging, inappropriate compensatory behavior, e…
66 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test 3
Personality Disorder
Dimensional Definition of Personality…
Differences in traditional and dimensi…
Negative Personality Traits
-pattern of inner experience and behavior... -deviates markedly…
-moderate or greater impairment in self (identity and self di…
-traditional- culture, cognition, affectivity, impulse contro…
-psychoticism- high and pathological (openness)... -disinhibitio…
Personality Disorder
-pattern of inner experience and behavior... -deviates markedly…
Dimensional Definition of Personality…
-moderate or greater impairment in self (identity and self di…
124 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
Bipolar and Depressive Disorders
Depression
Mania
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Syndromes in which a disturbance in mood is the predominant f…
Abnormally low mood
Abnormally high mood
Persistent sad or low mood that is severe enough to impair a…
Bipolar and Depressive Disorders
Syndromes in which a disturbance in mood is the predominant f…
Depression
Abnormally low mood
62 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
addiction
tolerance
withdrawal
fetal alcohol syndrome
a severe substance use disorder that is characterized by havi…
1. larger doses of the substance being needed to produce the…
the negative physical and psychological effects that develop…
the growth of the fetus is slowed, cranial, facial, and limb…
addiction
a severe substance use disorder that is characterized by havi…
tolerance
1. larger doses of the substance being needed to produce the…
63 terms
Abnormal psychology exam 3
2 components of stress
hypothalamus activates arousal and fea…
2 pathways that produce arousal and fe…
traumatic event definition
stressor and stress response
ANS and endocrine system
SNS pathway and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway
events where someone may fear for their lives or body's
2 components of stress
stressor and stress response
hypothalamus activates arousal and fea…
ANS and endocrine system
46 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Alternate-Form Reliability
Behavioral Assessment
BOLD (Blood oxygenation level dependent)
Categorical Classification
the relationship between scores achieved by people when they…
a sampling of ongoing cognitions, feelings and overt behavior…
the signal detected by functional MRI studies of the brain; m…
an approach to assessment in which a person is or is not a me…
Alternate-Form Reliability
the relationship between scores achieved by people when they…
Behavioral Assessment
a sampling of ongoing cognitions, feelings and overt behavior…
18 terms
Abnormal Psychology, Chapter 3
Clinical Assessment
Diagnosis
Purposes of Clinical Assessment
Techniques for assessments
a systematic evaluation of psychological, biological and soci…
the process of determining whether a person's symptoms meet t…
- Communicate with other professionals... - To develop an effect…
- Describe client's problem... - Determine causes of problem... - A…
Clinical Assessment
a systematic evaluation of psychological, biological and soci…
Diagnosis
the process of determining whether a person's symptoms meet t…
41 terms
Abnormal Psychology (Exam 3)
Masters & Johnson sex researchers
Pedophilic disorder
Voyeuristic disorder
Frotteurism
They were the first investigators to study sexual behavior in…
a paraphilic disorder in which an adult is sexually aroused b…
the individual has a compulsion to derive sexual gratificatio…
a paraphilic disorder in which the individual has intense sex…
Masters & Johnson sex researchers
They were the first investigators to study sexual behavior in…
Pedophilic disorder
a paraphilic disorder in which an adult is sexually aroused b…
82 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Clinical assessment
Diagnosis
Reliability
Validity
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
Degree to which a measurement is consistent—for example, over…
Degree to which a technique measures what it purports to meas…
Clinical assessment
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
Diagnosis
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
81 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
clinical assessment
diagnosis
reliability
validity
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
Degree to which a measurement is consistent - for example, ov…
Degree to which a technique measures what it purports to meas…
clinical assessment
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
diagnosis
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
86 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
4 Purposes of clinical assessment
What is treatment analogous to?
Reliability
Validity
1. To understand the individual... 2. To predict behavior... 3. To…
A funnel; it starts broad and narrows to specific problem areas
Consistency in measurement... - Retest reliability... - Interrater
What an assessment measures and how well it does so... - Concurr…
4 Purposes of clinical assessment
1. To understand the individual... 2. To predict behavior... 3. To…
What is treatment analogous to?
A funnel; it starts broad and narrows to specific problem areas
63 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
adoption method
association studies
attachment theory
attribution
Comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and with…
Genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain know…
Contemporary developmental and psycho-dynamic theory emphasiz…
Process of assigning causes to things that happen.
adoption method
Comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and with…
association studies
Genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain know…
142 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
Define Developmental Psychopathology
What are the special psychological vul…
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disord…
Children with ADHD
Field of psychology that focuses on determining what is abnor…
1. They haven't developed a stable sense of identity or clear…
difficulties that interfere with effective task-oriented beha…
fail to follow directions, lower in intelligence(7-15 IQ), so…
Define Developmental Psychopathology
Field of psychology that focuses on determining what is abnor…
What are the special psychological vul…
1. They haven't developed a stable sense of identity or clear…
237 terms
Abnormal psychology exam 3
What are the DSM-5 eating disorders?
What is pica?
What is rumination disorder?
What is avoidant/restrictive food inta…
Pica... Rumination disorder... Avoidant/restrictive food intake dis…
Eating things that shouldn't be eaten
Children who eat regurgitated food
Like anorexia, but without the weigh obsession
What are the DSM-5 eating disorders?
Pica... Rumination disorder... Avoidant/restrictive food intake dis…
What is pica?
Eating things that shouldn't be eaten
72 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
What are the components of obsessive-c…
Define generalized anxiety disorder (G…
Define phobia
Define specific phobia
Obsessions and compulsions
Excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worrying about…
Persistent and unreasonable fears of particular objects, acti…
Persistent fears to specific objects or situations
What are the components of obsessive-c…
Obsessions and compulsions
Define generalized anxiety disorder (G…
Excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worrying about…
23 terms
Unit 3 Abnormal Psychology
anxiety
phobia
panic disorder
post-traumatic stress disorder
an unpleasant psychological state characterized by a vague, g…
An intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situ…
an extreme anxiety that manifests itself in the form of panic…
disorder in which victims of catastrophes or other traumatic…
anxiety
an unpleasant psychological state characterized by a vague, g…
phobia
An intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situ…
37 terms
Abnormal psychology chapter 3
Psychological assessment
treatment outcome research
Reliable
valid
the process of collecting and interpreting information about…
uses assessment to figure out which treatments work best for…
assessment that yields the same results across different meas…
assessment method that measures what it is supposed to measure.
Psychological assessment
the process of collecting and interpreting information about…
treatment outcome research
uses assessment to figure out which treatments work best for…
45 terms
Abnormal Psychology Kring Ch 3
Alternate-form reliability
Behavioral assessment
BOLD
Categorical classification
alternate-form, the relationship between scores achieved by p…
A sampling of ongoing cognition, feelings and overt behavior…
(blood oxygenation level dependent) the signal detected by fu…
an approach to assessment in which a person is or is not a me…
Alternate-form reliability
alternate-form, the relationship between scores achieved by p…
Behavioral assessment
A sampling of ongoing cognition, feelings and overt behavior…
21 terms
Abnormal Psychology (3)
compulsion
obsession
euphoria
cyclothymia
an irresistable, persistent impulse to perform excessive, rep…
domination of thoughts or feelings by a persistent idea, imag…
abnormally elevated or irritable mood, arousal, and/or energy…
chronic, mild bipolar disorder; patient is free of signs and…
compulsion
an irresistable, persistent impulse to perform excessive, rep…
obsession
domination of thoughts or feelings by a persistent idea, imag…
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Assessment
Diagnosis
Validity
Reliability
Process of gathering information about a person's symptoms an…
Label given to a set of symptoms that tend to occur together
Degree of correspondence between a measurement and the phenom…
Degree of consistency in a measurement - that is, the extent…
Assessment
Process of gathering information about a person's symptoms an…
Diagnosis
Label given to a set of symptoms that tend to occur together
157 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
Personality Disorders
Personality Disorders are placed on wh…
Predispositions are
Behaviors of Personality Disorders are
1. Are an exaggeration of a personality 2. Gets in the way…
2
Inflexible and maladaptive (Cause distress and/or impairmen…
Pervasive & inflexible Onsets in adolescence, stable overti…
Personality Disorders
1. Are an exaggeration of a personality 2. Gets in the way…
Personality Disorders are placed on wh…
2
108 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
What is the typical profile of an Anor…
What BMI score qualifies as Anorexic?
What are common problems with the BMI…
What eating disorder is most prevalent…
female, ages 12-26, Caucasian, affluent
<17.5kg
does not account for gender differences, does not account for…
Bulimia
What is the typical profile of an Anor…
female, ages 12-26, Caucasian, affluent
What BMI score qualifies as Anorexic?
<17.5kg
73 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test 3
Six Months
Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder
Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Delayed Ejaculation
All sexual dysfunctions have a minimum of ___________________…
Must have three or more symptoms:... -No/reduced interest in sex…
Must have both symptoms:... -No/reduced desire for sexual activi…
Marked delay in or absence of ejaculation
Six Months
All sexual dysfunctions have a minimum of ___________________…
Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder
Must have three or more symptoms:... -No/reduced interest in sex…
44 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
model
neuron
synapse
neurotransmitter
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
a nerve cell
the tiny space betwee the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
a chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
model
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
neuron
a nerve cell
110 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
model
neuron
synapse
neurotransmitter
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
A nerve cell
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
model
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
neuron
A nerve cell
34 terms
Abnormal Psychology
Phobia
Psychological Dysfunction
Atypical
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM…
Irrational fear of a specific object or situation which is se…
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
Not typical; not conforming to the type; irregular; abnormal
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - Contains the current list…
Phobia
Irrational fear of a specific object or situation which is se…
Psychological Dysfunction
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
28 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
psychopathology
scientific method
hypothesis
case study
the study of the symptoms, causes, and treatments of mental d…
a method of inquiry that provides for the systematic collecti…
a tentative explanation for certain facts or observatons
an intensive study of one individual that relies on clinical…
psychopathology
the study of the symptoms, causes, and treatments of mental d…
scientific method
a method of inquiry that provides for the systematic collecti…
65 terms
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CH. 3
Developmental psychopathology
Longitudinal study
Retrospective research
Developmental tasks
A field of study that focuses on how problems that first appe…
A study in which an investigator repeatedly assesses the same…
Research done by asking respondents about past experiences
A psychological or cognitive task to be mastered during the c…
Developmental psychopathology
A field of study that focuses on how problems that first appe…
Longitudinal study
A study in which an investigator repeatedly assesses the same…
112 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
Model
Biological model
Psychodynamic model
Behavioral model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Sees physical processes as a key to human behavior
Looks at people's unconscious internal processes and conflicts
Emphasizes behavior and the ways in which it is learned
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Biological model
Sees physical processes as a key to human behavior
15 terms
Abnormal Psychology Section 3
Schizophrenia
Neologisms
World salad
Delusions
A severe and often debilitating disorder that affect thoughts…
Symptom of schizophrenia that includes using words that do no…
A schizophrenic's repetition and use of nonmeaningful stateme…
False and distorted beliefs that include delusion of persecut…
Schizophrenia
A severe and often debilitating disorder that affect thoughts…
Neologisms
Symptom of schizophrenia that includes using words that do no…
61 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Diagnosis
Assessment
Advantages of diagnosis:
Reliability
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
• Facilitates communication among professionals ... • Advances t…
Consistency of measurement (4 types)
Diagnosis
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
Assessment
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
43 terms
Abnormal Psychology CH. 3
Clinical Assessment
Screening
Sensitivity
Specificity
Series of steps designed to gather information (or data) abou…
Identifies potential psychological problems or predicts the r…
Describes the ability of the screener (or the instrument) to…
Indicates the percent of the time that the screener accuratel…
Clinical Assessment
Series of steps designed to gather information (or data) abou…
Screening
Identifies potential psychological problems or predicts the r…
22 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
Idiographic Understanding
Assessment
Standardization
Reliability
An understanding of the behavior of a particular individual.
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
The process in which a test is administered to a large group…
A measure of the consistency of test or research results.
Idiographic Understanding
An understanding of the behavior of a particular individual.
Assessment
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
29 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
clinical assessment
diagnosis
reliability
validity
the systematical evaluation and measurement of psychological,…
the process of determining whether the particular problem aff…
the degree to which a measurement is consistent.
whether something measures what it is designed to measure.
clinical assessment
the systematical evaluation and measurement of psychological,…
diagnosis
the process of determining whether the particular problem aff…
26 terms
Abnormal psychology chapter 3
behavioural assessment
classical categorical approach
classification
clinical assessment
measuring, observing and systematically evaluating (rather th…
classification method founded on the assumption of clear-cut…
assignment of objects or people to categories on the basis of…
systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
behavioural assessment
measuring, observing and systematically evaluating (rather th…
classical categorical approach
classification method founded on the assumption of clear-cut…
100 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
suicide crisis
signs of a suicide prevention
psychiatric disorder that are usually…
borderline personality disorder
time-limited occurrence... -immediate danger of suicide... in a cri…
-precipitating event: particularly distressing recent event... -…
-90% of people who commit suicide suffer from major depressio…
*i just put this on here in case... -a pervasive pattern of inst…
suicide crisis
time-limited occurrence... -immediate danger of suicide... in a cri…
signs of a suicide prevention
-precipitating event: particularly distressing recent event... -…
93 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
What are sexual dysfunctions?
What are paraphillias?
Sexual response cycle (healthy functio…
Female Sexual interest/arousal disorder
- must lead to impairment or distress... - lasts more than 6 mon…
Def.: misplaced sexual attraction and arousal (causes depress…
desire, arousal, plateau, orgasm, resolution
Dx: lack of sexual drive/arousal... reduced sexual interest... • s…
What are sexual dysfunctions?
- must lead to impairment or distress... - lasts more than 6 mon…
What are paraphillias?
Def.: misplaced sexual attraction and arousal (causes depress…
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Adoption Method
Association Studies
Attachment Theory
Attribution
Comparison of Biological and Adoptive Relatives. {With an…
Genetic Research Strategy, comparing the frequency of certa…
Contemporary Developmental and Psychodynamic Theory empha…
A Process of assigning causes to things that happen.
Adoption Method
Comparison of Biological and Adoptive Relatives. {With an…
Association Studies
Genetic Research Strategy, comparing the frequency of certa…
46 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Diagnosis
Assessment
Reliability
Interrater Reliability
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
Consistency of measurement
the degree to which 2 independent observers agree on what the…
Diagnosis
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
Assessment
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
77 terms
Abnormal Psychology 3.3
separation anxiety disorder
adhd
depression
normal development
Example of a disorder unique to children
example of a disorder that is primarily a childhood disorder,…
example of a disorder that is present in children and adults
Brain changes significantly, Acquire skills in specific order…
separation anxiety disorder
Example of a disorder unique to children
adhd
example of a disorder that is primarily a childhood disorder,…
88 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test #3
Fear
Anxiety
types of anxiety disorders
egodystonic
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a serious t…
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a vague sen…
GAD, Phobia, Panic Disorder, OCD, Acute Stress Disorder, PTSD
of or relating to aspects of one's behavior or attitudes view…
Fear
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a serious t…
Anxiety
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a vague sen…
19 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
Psychotherapy
Psychopharmacology
Psychotropic Medications
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
The use of psychological techniques and the therapist-client…
The use of medication to treat psychological disturbances
Chemical substances used to threat various mental disorders;…
Deliberately inducing a seizure by passing electricity throug…
Psychotherapy
The use of psychological techniques and the therapist-client…
Psychopharmacology
The use of medication to treat psychological disturbances
64 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
substance abuse
drug dependence
DSM-V definition of alcohol abuse
How long do physical withdrawal sympto…
consumption of a pathological substance that leads to a negat…
physiological or psychological need for a drug that increases…
combined the two categories of alcohol use and dependence
48 hours and they can be fatal
substance abuse
consumption of a pathological substance that leads to a negat…
drug dependence
physiological or psychological need for a drug that increases…
187 terms
Abnormal Psychology 3
how common is suicide in the US
how many people die by suicide each ye…
about how many people attempt and fail…
what is a name for a failed suicide at…
the 10th most common cause of death
1 million, 36,000
25 million, 600,000
parasuicide
how common is suicide in the US
the 10th most common cause of death
how many people die by suicide each ye…
1 million, 36,000
16 terms
Abnormal Psychology CH. 3
Mental Status Exam
Projective test
Unstructured Interview
Structured Interview
A set of interview questions and observations designed to rev…
Test consists of ambiguous material that ppl interpret or res…
Clinician asks open ended questions
Prepared questions
Mental Status Exam
A set of interview questions and observations designed to rev…
Projective test
Test consists of ambiguous material that ppl interpret or res…
1 of 10