Study sets matching "abnormal psych 3"

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Study sets matching "abnormal psych 3"

Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
objective binge eating
subjective binge eating
how do we decide what is subjective an…
purging
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of an OBJECTIVELY lar…
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of a SUBJECTIVELY lar…
Amount of food consumed is larger than what would be expected…
Occurs in response to binge eating and is intended as a means…
objective binge eating
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of an OBJECTIVELY lar…
subjective binge eating
Loss of control over eating... Consumption of a SUBJECTIVELY lar…
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Agoraphobia
Alarm reaction
Anxiety
Anxiety disorder
The fear of being in a place or in a situation where escape m…
Another name for an emergency reaction; how we react in respo…
A negative emotional state marked by a feeling of foreboding…
Any of a number of disorders characterized by feelings of fea…
Agoraphobia
The fear of being in a place or in a situation where escape m…
Alarm reaction
Another name for an emergency reaction; how we react in respo…
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
symptoms of anorexia
symptoms of bulimia
prevalence rates for eating disorders
Gender differences in rates of anorexi…
significantly low weight, fear of gaining weight, disturbance…
binge eating, purging, inappropriate compensatory behavior, e…
rose drastically since the 60's, bulimia is 1.5%, very common…
more common in women, the cultural standard of beauty could b…
symptoms of anorexia
significantly low weight, fear of gaining weight, disturbance…
symptoms of bulimia
binge eating, purging, inappropriate compensatory behavior, e…
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
Bipolar and Depressive Disorders
Depression
Mania
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Syndromes in which a disturbance in mood is the predominant f…
Abnormally low mood
Abnormally high mood
Persistent sad or low mood that is severe enough to impair a…
Bipolar and Depressive Disorders
Syndromes in which a disturbance in mood is the predominant f…
Depression
Abnormally low mood
Abnormal Psychology, Chapter 3
Clinical Assessment
Diagnosis
Purposes of Clinical Assessment
Techniques for assessments
a systematic evaluation of psychological, biological and soci…
the process of determining whether a person's symptoms meet t…
- Communicate with other professionals... - To develop an effect…
- Describe client's problem... - Determine causes of problem... - A…
Clinical Assessment
a systematic evaluation of psychological, biological and soci…
Diagnosis
the process of determining whether a person's symptoms meet t…
82 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Clinical assessment
Diagnosis
Reliability
Validity
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
Degree to which a measurement is consistent—for example, over…
Degree to which a technique measures what it purports to meas…
Clinical assessment
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
Diagnosis
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
addiction
tolerance
withdrawal
fetal alcohol syndrome
a severe substance use disorder that is characterized by havi…
1. larger doses of the substance being needed to produce the…
the negative physical and psychological effects that develop…
the growth of the fetus is slowed, cranial, facial, and limb…
addiction
a severe substance use disorder that is characterized by havi…
tolerance
1. larger doses of the substance being needed to produce the…
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Alternate-Form Reliability
Behavioral Assessment
BOLD (Blood oxygenation level dependent)
Categorical Classification
the relationship between scores achieved by people when they…
a sampling of ongoing cognitions, feelings and overt behavior…
the signal detected by functional MRI studies of the brain; m…
an approach to assessment in which a person is or is not a me…
Alternate-Form Reliability
the relationship between scores achieved by people when they…
Behavioral Assessment
a sampling of ongoing cognitions, feelings and overt behavior…
41 terms
Abnormal Psychology (Exam 3)
Masters & Johnson sex researchers
Pedophilic disorder
Voyeuristic disorder
Frotteurism
They were the first investigators to study sexual behavior in…
a paraphilic disorder in which an adult is sexually aroused b…
the individual has a compulsion to derive sexual gratificatio…
a paraphilic disorder in which the individual has intense sex…
Masters & Johnson sex researchers
They were the first investigators to study sexual behavior in…
Pedophilic disorder
a paraphilic disorder in which an adult is sexually aroused b…
81 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
clinical assessment
diagnosis
reliability
validity
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
Degree to which a measurement is consistent - for example, ov…
Degree to which a technique measures what it purports to meas…
clinical assessment
Systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biolo…
diagnosis
Process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the…
63 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
adoption method
association studies
attachment theory
attribution
Comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and with…
Genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain know…
Contemporary developmental and psycho-dynamic theory emphasiz…
Process of assigning causes to things that happen.
adoption method
Comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and with…
association studies
Genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain know…
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
4 Purposes of clinical assessment
What is treatment analogous to?
Reliability
Validity
1. To understand the individual... 2. To predict behavior... 3. To…
A funnel; it starts broad and narrows to specific problem areas
Consistency in measurement... - Retest reliability... - Interrater
What an assessment measures and how well it does so... - Concurr…
4 Purposes of clinical assessment
1. To understand the individual... 2. To predict behavior... 3. To…
What is treatment analogous to?
A funnel; it starts broad and narrows to specific problem areas
72 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
What are the components of obsessive-c…
Define generalized anxiety disorder (G…
Define phobia
Define specific phobia
Obsessions and compulsions
Excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worrying about…
Persistent and unreasonable fears of particular objects, acti…
Persistent fears to specific objects or situations
What are the components of obsessive-c…
Obsessions and compulsions
Define generalized anxiety disorder (G…
Excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worrying about…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Abnormal Psychology
CONCURRENT VALIDITY
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
STANDARDIZATION
ADMINISTRATION, SCORING
DOES IT CORRELATE WITH OTHER MEASURES OF THE SAME THING? (PRE…
HOW WELL DOES IT PREDICT FUTURE BEHAVIOUR OR OUTCOMES? Eg DOE…
IS THE PROCESS OF CREATING THE TEST, & GATHERING THE DATA WIT…
CONSISTENT FOR EVERYONE
CONCURRENT VALIDITY
DOES IT CORRELATE WITH OTHER MEASURES OF THE SAME THING? (PRE…
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
HOW WELL DOES IT PREDICT FUTURE BEHAVIOUR OR OUTCOMES? Eg DOE…
64 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Diagnosis
Assessment
Advantages of diagnosis:
Reliability
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
• Facilitates communication among professionals ... • Advances t…
Consistency of measurement (4 types)
Diagnosis
• the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a…
Assessment
procedures we use to determine what is wrong with a person. h…
103 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Eclectic
How psychologists select the most effe…
Biological Therapists
Biological Treatments
Using different treatments for different disorders... o Most me…
Therapy outcome -how well a treatment works... Therapy process -…
** o Would approach mental illness by drawing an analogy with…
Medication, ECT, rMTS, Psychosurgery
Eclectic
Using different treatments for different disorders... o Most me…
How psychologists select the most effe…
Therapy outcome -how well a treatment works... Therapy process -…
157 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
Personality Disorders
Personality Disorders are placed on wh…
Predispositions are
Behaviors of Personality Disorders are
1. Are an exaggeration of a personality 2. Gets in the way…
2
Inflexible and maladaptive (Cause distress and/or impairmen…
Pervasive & inflexible Onsets in adolescence, stable overti…
Personality Disorders
1. Are an exaggeration of a personality 2. Gets in the way…
Personality Disorders are placed on wh…
2
108 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
What is the typical profile of an Anor…
What BMI score qualifies as Anorexic?
What are common problems with the BMI…
What eating disorder is most prevalent…
female, ages 12-26, Caucasian, affluent
<17.5kg
does not account for gender differences, does not account for…
Bulimia
What is the typical profile of an Anor…
female, ages 12-26, Caucasian, affluent
What BMI score qualifies as Anorexic?
<17.5kg
37 terms
Abnormal psychology chapter 3
Psychological assessment
treatment outcome research
Reliable
valid
the process of collecting and interpreting information about…
uses assessment to figure out which treatments work best for…
assessment that yields the same results across different meas…
assessment method that measures what it is supposed to measure.
Psychological assessment
the process of collecting and interpreting information about…
treatment outcome research
uses assessment to figure out which treatments work best for…
37 terms
Chapter 3 Abnormal Psychology
Validity
Reliability
Standardization
Initial interview
Accuracy of an assessment in measuring what it is supposed to…
Consistency of assessment tools in measuring what it is suppo…
Standard method of administering and interpreting a test... Prev…
Mental status exam: • Appearance and behavior • Thought proce…
Validity
Accuracy of an assessment in measuring what it is supposed to…
Reliability
Consistency of assessment tools in measuring what it is suppo…
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
Assessment
Diagnosis
Validity
Reliability
Process of gathering information about a person's symptoms an…
Label given to a set of symptoms that tend to occur together
Degree of correspondence between a measurement and the phenom…
Degree of consistency in a measurement - that is, the extent…
Assessment
Process of gathering information about a person's symptoms an…
Diagnosis
Label given to a set of symptoms that tend to occur together
66 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test 3
Personality Disorder
Dimensional Definition of Personality…
Differences in traditional and dimensi…
Negative Personality Traits
-pattern of inner experience and behavior... -deviates markedly…
-moderate or greater impairment in self (identity and self di…
-traditional- culture, cognition, affectivity, impulse contro…
-psychoticism- high and pathological (openness)... -disinhibitio…
Personality Disorder
-pattern of inner experience and behavior... -deviates markedly…
Dimensional Definition of Personality…
-moderate or greater impairment in self (identity and self di…
110 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
model
neuron
synapse
neurotransmitter
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
A nerve cell
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
model
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
neuron
A nerve cell
44 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
model
neuron
synapse
neurotransmitter
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
a nerve cell
the tiny space betwee the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
a chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
model
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
neuron
a nerve cell
45 terms
Abnormal Psychology Kring Ch 3
Alternate-form reliability
Behavioral assessment
BOLD
Categorical classification
alternate-form, the relationship between scores achieved by p…
A sampling of ongoing cognition, feelings and overt behavior…
(blood oxygenation level dependent) the signal detected by fu…
an approach to assessment in which a person is or is not a me…
Alternate-form reliability
alternate-form, the relationship between scores achieved by p…
Behavioral assessment
A sampling of ongoing cognition, feelings and overt behavior…
28 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
psychopathology
scientific method
hypothesis
case study
the study of the symptoms, causes, and treatments of mental d…
a method of inquiry that provides for the systematic collecti…
a tentative explanation for certain facts or observatons
an intensive study of one individual that relies on clinical…
psychopathology
the study of the symptoms, causes, and treatments of mental d…
scientific method
a method of inquiry that provides for the systematic collecti…
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
Idiographic Understanding
Assessment
Standardization
Reliability
An understanding of the behavior of a particular individual.
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
The process in which a test is administered to a large group…
A measure of the consistency of test or research results.
Idiographic Understanding
An understanding of the behavior of a particular individual.
Assessment
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
29 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
clinical assessment
diagnosis
reliability
validity
the systematical evaluation and measurement of psychological,…
the process of determining whether the particular problem aff…
the degree to which a measurement is consistent.
whether something measures what it is designed to measure.
clinical assessment
the systematical evaluation and measurement of psychological,…
diagnosis
the process of determining whether the particular problem aff…
43 terms
Abnormal Psychology CH. 3
Clinical Assessment
Screening
Sensitivity
Specificity
Series of steps designed to gather information (or data) abou…
Identifies potential psychological problems or predicts the r…
Describes the ability of the screener (or the instrument) to…
Indicates the percent of the time that the screener accuratel…
Clinical Assessment
Series of steps designed to gather information (or data) abou…
Screening
Identifies potential psychological problems or predicts the r…
23 terms
Unit 3 Abnormal Psychology
anxiety
phobia
panic disorder
post-traumatic stress disorder
an unpleasant psychological state characterized by a vague, g…
An intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situ…
an extreme anxiety that manifests itself in the form of panic…
disorder in which victims of catastrophes or other traumatic…
anxiety
an unpleasant psychological state characterized by a vague, g…
phobia
An intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situ…
Abnormal Psychology Sec. 3
dependent
independent
naturalistic
hawthorne
one being studied
variable being manipulated
observation in natural settings
the effect in which productivity increased due to being obser…
dependent
one being studied
independent
variable being manipulated
38 terms
Abnormal Psychology: lesson # 3
What are the three main paradigms in P…
What is the goal of these paradigms?
What does a paradigm do?
What is a paradigm?
The Genetic Paradigm ... The Neuroscience Paradigm ... The Cognitiv…
Study abnormal behavior scientifically and objectively
Gives us guidelines for how to investigate... disorders and how…
-Conceptual framework or approach within which a... scientist wo…
What are the three main paradigms in P…
The Genetic Paradigm ... The Neuroscience Paradigm ... The Cognitiv…
What is the goal of these paradigms?
Study abnormal behavior scientifically and objectively
Abnormal Psychology Exam 3
Define Developmental Psychopathology
What are the special psychological vul…
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disord…
Children with ADHD
Field of psychology that focuses on determining what is abnor…
1. They haven't developed a stable sense of identity or clear…
difficulties that interfere with effective task-oriented beha…
fail to follow directions, lower in intelligence(7-15 IQ), so…
Define Developmental Psychopathology
Field of psychology that focuses on determining what is abnor…
What are the special psychological vul…
1. They haven't developed a stable sense of identity or clear…
34 terms
Abnormal Psychology
Phobia
Psychological Dysfunction
Atypical
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM…
Irrational fear of a specific object or situation which is se…
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
Not typical; not conforming to the type; irregular; abnormal
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - Contains the current list…
Phobia
Irrational fear of a specific object or situation which is se…
Psychological Dysfunction
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
39 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test #3
Recurrent
Seasonal
Catatonic
Postpartum
several depressive episodes present
changes with the seasons
if associated with immobility or excessive activity
onset within four weeks of giving birth
Recurrent
several depressive episodes present
Seasonal
changes with the seasons
21 terms
Abnormal Psychology (3)
compulsion
obsession
euphoria
cyclothymia
an irresistable, persistent impulse to perform excessive, rep…
domination of thoughts or feelings by a persistent idea, imag…
abnormally elevated or irritable mood, arousal, and/or energy…
chronic, mild bipolar disorder; patient is free of signs and…
compulsion
an irresistable, persistent impulse to perform excessive, rep…
obsession
domination of thoughts or feelings by a persistent idea, imag…
25 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 3
behavioral avoidance test
behavioral observation
clinical assessment
clinical interviews
Assessment strategy used to assess avoidance behavior by aski…
Measurement of behavior as it occurs by someone other than th…
Gathering information about a person's environment to make de…
Conversations between an interviewer and a patient whose purp…
behavioral avoidance test
Assessment strategy used to assess avoidance behavior by aski…
behavioral observation
Measurement of behavior as it occurs by someone other than th…
128 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
behavioral medicine
health psychology
stress
general adaptation syndrome
knowledge derived from behavioral science is applied to the p…
study of psychological factors that promote and maintain heal…
physiological response of the individual to a stressor
includes entire sequence of response to chronic stress; inclu…
behavioral medicine
knowledge derived from behavioral science is applied to the p…
health psychology
study of psychological factors that promote and maintain heal…
88 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test #3
Fear
Anxiety
types of anxiety disorders
egodystonic
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a serious t…
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a vague sen…
GAD, Phobia, Panic Disorder, OCD, Acute Stress Disorder, PTSD
of or relating to aspects of one's behavior or attitudes view…
Fear
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a serious t…
Anxiety
the CNS's physiological and emotional response to a vague sen…
Abnormal Psychology Test #3
mood disorders
major depressive disorder, single or r…
mania
hypomanic episode
a group of disorders involving severe and enduring disturbanc…
Mood disorder involving one major depressive episode; mood di…
Period of abnormally excessive elation or euphoria associated…
Less severe and less disruptive version of a manic episode th…
mood disorders
a group of disorders involving severe and enduring disturbanc…
major depressive disorder, single or r…
Mood disorder involving one major depressive episode; mood di…
32 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Behavioral Inhibition
Affect Without Recollection
Mental Defeat
Begins with a traumatic event, may lead to intense psychologi…
Temperamental feature characterized by withdrawal from novel…
The experiencing of sensations or emotions without any tangib…
The perceived loss of all psychological autonomy accompanied…
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Begins with a traumatic event, may lead to intense psychologi…
Behavioral Inhibition
Temperamental feature characterized by withdrawal from novel…
64 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #3
substance abuse
drug dependence
DSM-V definition of alcohol abuse
How long do physical withdrawal sympto…
consumption of a pathological substance that leads to a negat…
physiological or psychological need for a drug that increases…
combined the two categories of alcohol use and dependence
48 hours and they can be fatal
substance abuse
consumption of a pathological substance that leads to a negat…
drug dependence
physiological or psychological need for a drug that increases…
60 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chpt. 1-3
What are the components of a psycholog…
What is the rationale regarding deviat…
Define psychopathology
What is the difference b/w Phd (clinic…
-Psychological dysfunction within an individual that is assoc…
Has to be culturally abnormal
-The scientific study of psychological disorders
-Psychiatrists went to med school and can prescribe medications
What are the components of a psycholog…
-Psychological dysfunction within an individual that is assoc…
What is the rationale regarding deviat…
Has to be culturally abnormal
Abnormal Psychology CH. 3
Mental Status Exam
Projective test
Unstructured Interview
Structured Interview
A set of interview questions and observations designed to rev…
Test consists of ambiguous material that ppl interpret or res…
Clinician asks open ended questions
Prepared questions
Mental Status Exam
A set of interview questions and observations designed to rev…
Projective test
Test consists of ambiguous material that ppl interpret or res…
78 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test 3
antisocial personality disorder
avoidant personality disorder
borderline personality disorder
dependent personality disorder
personality disorder marked by extreme disregard for and viol…
personality disorder marked by anxiousness and feelings of in…
personality disorder marked by impulsivity, difficulty contro…
personality disorder marked by extreme submissiveness and a s…
antisocial personality disorder
personality disorder marked by extreme disregard for and viol…
avoidant personality disorder
personality disorder marked by anxiousness and feelings of in…
19 terms
Abnormal Psychology CH. 3
psychotherapy
ecletic
psychopharmacolgy
insight
the use of psychological techniques and the therapist-client…
using different treatments for different disorders
the use of medications to treat psychological disturbances
bringing formerly unconscious material into conscious awareness
psychotherapy
the use of psychological techniques and the therapist-client…
ecletic
using different treatments for different disorders
47 terms
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY chapter 3
alternate-form reliability
behavioural observation
case validity
clinical interview
...
...
...
...
alternate-form reliability
...
behavioural observation
...
61 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3
adoption method
association studies
attachment theory
attribution
comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and with…
genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain gene…
contemporary developmental and psycho dynamic theory emphasiz…
process of assigning causes to things that happen
adoption method
comparison of biological and adoptive relatives with and with…
association studies
genetic research strategy comparing frequency of certain gene…
10 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 3
Funnel Analogy
3 Concepts to determine value of asses…
Reliability
Validity
Cone and Hawkins
Reliability, validity, standardization
the degree to which a measurement is CONSISTENT
The degree to which a technique measures what it is designed…
Funnel Analogy
Cone and Hawkins
3 Concepts to determine value of asses…
Reliability, validity, standardization
Abnormal psychology exam 3
2 components of stress
hypothalamus activates arousal and fea…
2 pathways that produce arousal and fe…
traumatic event definition
stressor and stress response
ANS and endocrine system
SNS pathway and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway
events where someone may fear for their lives or body's
2 components of stress
stressor and stress response
hypothalamus activates arousal and fea…
ANS and endocrine system
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