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Study sets matching "abnormal psych model"

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Study sets matching "abnormal psych model"

18 terms
Abnormal psychology - models of abnormality
Model of abnormality
Six models are
Biological model
Biological model impact as a strength
May also be known as a theoretical paradigm. I.e. an approach…
Genetic, biological, biopsychosocial, systemic sociocultural…
Traditional viewpoint which has dominated the study of abnorm…
Has had a significant impact on the understanding of human be…
Model of abnormality
May also be known as a theoretical paradigm. I.e. an approach…
Six models are
Genetic, biological, biopsychosocial, systemic sociocultural…
Abnormal Psychology: Models of Abnormality
Biological Model
Biological Model
Biological Model
Biological Model
-medical/physical perspective... -involves brain anatomy + chemi…
Possible causes of abnormality include genetics, evolution, a…
distal factors (genes, virus) -> proximal factors (NTs, brain…
abnormal activity of NTs can cause abnormal brain activity an…
Biological Model
-medical/physical perspective... -involves brain anatomy + chemi…
Biological Model
Possible causes of abnormality include genetics, evolution, a…
74 terms
Abnormal Psychology Models of Abnormality
Models
Model
What are the models of Abnormality
Biological Model of Abnormality
perspective used to explain events... spells out basic assumptio…
set of shared assumption and concepts that help researches ex…
Biological model... Psychodynamic model... Behavioral model... Cogniti…
physical processes key to human behaviors... abnormal behavior m…
Models
perspective used to explain events... spells out basic assumptio…
Model
set of shared assumption and concepts that help researches ex…
127 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Models of Abnormality
model
Do models evolve over time?
Current Models (5)
Biological Models (brain makeup and ho…
a perspective used to explain events; ... each one does the foll…
yes
1. Biological... 2. Psychodynamic... 3. Cognitive-Behavioral... 4. Hum…
1. brain is made of approximately 100 billion neurons and tho…
model
a perspective used to explain events; ... each one does the foll…
Do models evolve over time?
yes
46 terms
Model of Abnormal Psychology
What is our understanding of abnormali…
In current mental health care, how are…
Who is involved in a multidisciplinary…
What do consultant psychiatrists do?
Current state of knowledge and models or paradigms that we use.
- mild problems (e.g. many anxiety disorders/mild depression)…
Consultant psychiatrist, nurses, clinical psychologist, occup…
can prescribe medication.
What is our understanding of abnormali…
Current state of knowledge and models or paradigms that we use.
In current mental health care, how are…
- mild problems (e.g. many anxiety disorders/mild depression)…
11 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Humanistic Model
What does humanistic model focus on?
What does it emphasize?
Main concept
Phenomenological approach
how people make choices and take responsibility
Human growths
born good, but if hierarchy of needs aren't met, mental illne…
one's behavior= self perception
What does humanistic model focus on?
how people make choices and take responsibility
What does it emphasize?
Human growths
127 terms
Abnormal Psychology Questions: Models of Abnormality
a perspective used to explain events;…
yes
1. Biological... 2. Psychodynamic... 3. Cogn…
1. brain is made of approximately 100…
model
Do models evolve over time?
Current Models (5)
Biological Models (brain makeup and how information is commun…
a perspective used to explain events;…
model
yes
Do models evolve over time?
53 terms
Pyschodynamic Model Abnormal Psychology
psychodynamic model
2 assumptions
2 assupmtions
originates from...
mental states and behaviors rise from unconscious motives and…
1. psychic determinism... 2. unconscious motivation
...
freudian theory
psychodynamic model
mental states and behaviors rise from unconscious motives and…
2 assumptions
1. psychic determinism... 2. unconscious motivation
28 terms
Biological Model Abnormal Psychology
5 main models
Biological Model: Who
Emil Kraepelin
genes
1. biological... 2. psychodynamic... 3. humanistic... 4. cognitive-beh…
Emil Kraepelin pioneered
noticed various syndromes or clusters of symptoms in people
smallest units of inheritance that carry information about ho…
5 main models
1. biological... 2. psychodynamic... 3. humanistic... 4. cognitive-beh…
Biological Model: Who
Emil Kraepelin pioneered
52 terms
Models of Abnormal Psychology
Deviance
Distress
Dysfunction
Statistic
Behaviour, thoughts, and emotions that are abnormal when they…
behaviour, thoughts, and emotions that distress oneself and l…
Interferes with daily functioning... Harmful in which failure to…
Rare ... con: not all rare cases are abnormal
Deviance
Behaviour, thoughts, and emotions that are abnormal when they…
Distress
behaviour, thoughts, and emotions that distress oneself and l…
35 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 2, Models of Abnormality
neurotransmitter
hormones
psychotropic medications
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
The chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstre…
Drugs that primarily affect the brain and reduce many symptom…
A form of biological treatment, used primarily on depressed p…
neurotransmitter
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
hormones
The chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstre…
55 terms
Abnormal Psychology Models of Abnormality 2
Etiology (psychological model)
Course (psychological model)
Treatment (psychological model)
Psychological model
Psychological disorders are caused by life experiences.
Disorders change in response to changes in life experiences... -…
Involves psychotherapy
Based on belief that a person's behavior is determined largel…
Etiology (psychological model)
Psychological disorders are caused by life experiences.
Course (psychological model)
Disorders change in response to changes in life experiences... -…
12 terms
Models in abnormal psychology
Models
Biomedical model
Psychological:psychoanalytic
Psychological:behavioural
Medical, psychological, socio-cultural, and biopsychosocial
General medicine, abnormality as a physical malfunction, base…
psychopathology arises from unconscious conflicts. Treatments…
abnormal behaviour learned. Treatment: behaviour modification
Models
Medical, psychological, socio-cultural, and biopsychosocial
Biomedical model
General medicine, abnormality as a physical malfunction, base…
64 terms
Abnormal Psychology Models Of Abnormality I
We can think of psychopathology in thr…
Etiology
Course
Treatment
-Etiology... -Course... -Treatment
The case or origin of a disorder.
How the disorder develops or changes over time.
Steps taken to reduce or remove the disorder.
We can think of psychopathology in thr…
-Etiology... -Course... -Treatment
Etiology
The case or origin of a disorder.
36 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Models of Abnormality I
Etiology
Course
Treatment
Models: "Schools of Thought" -
the cause or origin of a disorder
how the disorder develops or changes over time
steps taken to reduce or remove disorder
A set of assumptions and concepts that help us explain and in…
Etiology
the cause or origin of a disorder
Course
how the disorder develops or changes over time
8 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Models
Paradigm
Psychodynamic Approach
Classical Conditioning
Extinction
A frame which we think about abnormality
Power of the unconscious, unconscious conflicts, symbolic act…
Learning by association; treated by extinction, countercondit…
Exposure therapies
Paradigm
A frame which we think about abnormality
Psychodynamic Approach
Power of the unconscious, unconscious conflicts, symbolic act…
18 terms
Abnormal Psych - Models of Psychology
Biological model
main thinker(s) of biological model
biological treatments
Psychodynamic model
looks at brain anatomy or chemistry as cause for psychologica…
Hippocrates
drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery
-behavior is determined by psychological forces that they are…
Biological model
looks at brain anatomy or chemistry as cause for psychologica…
main thinker(s) of biological model
Hippocrates
13 terms
Abnormal Psychology Final- Models of Abnormality
Paradigms
Biological model
Psychodynamic model
Behavioral model
models to understand and treat abnormal behavior
biological processes to look at human functioning. Genetics,…
underlying psychological forces. Early childhood parenting an…
Behaviors and principles of learning. Classical conditioning,…
Paradigms
models to understand and treat abnormal behavior
Biological model
biological processes to look at human functioning. Genetics,…
13 terms
AICE Psychology Models of Abnormality
Define what is meant by deviation from…
Define a deviation from social norms?
Define ideal mental health
What is "failure to function adequatel…
Any behavior that does not follow the regular statistics of b…
A behavior that is not acceptable to the majority of society-…
Essentially being perfectly normal-... Jahoda (1958)
Anyone experiencing psychological distress
Define what is meant by deviation from…
Any behavior that does not follow the regular statistics of b…
Define a deviation from social norms?
A behavior that is not acceptable to the majority of society-…
48 terms
Ch. 2 - Models of Abnormal Psychology & Ch. 3 - Models of Abnormality
Models of Abnormality
The Biological Model
How Do Biological Theorists Explain Ab…
Some Neurotransmitters and Their Funct…
-In science the perspectives used to explain events are known…
-Adopts a medical perspective... -Main focus is that psychologic…
-Brain chemistry... -Information is communicated throughout the…
-Dopamine: ... -influences movement, learning, attention, and e…
Models of Abnormality
-In science the perspectives used to explain events are known…
The Biological Model
-Adopts a medical perspective... -Main focus is that psychologic…
60 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Chapter 3 Models of Abnormality
models (paradigms)
demonological model
biological model
psychodynamic model
set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explain…
used to explain abnormal functioning during the middle ages
physical processes as key to human behavior
looks at people's unconscious internal processes and conflicts
models (paradigms)
set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explain…
demonological model
used to explain abnormal functioning during the middle ages
37 terms
ABNORMAL: Multi-dimensional model of Psychology
Psychopathology
Diathesis-stress model
Diathesis
stress
multidimensional model: many different factors work together…
inherited traits plus environment interact and lead to the de…
Inherited tendency to suffer from a particular medical condit…
...
Psychopathology
multidimensional model: many different factors work together…
Diathesis-stress model
inherited traits plus environment interact and lead to the de…
50 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality
Model
Neuron
Synapse
Neurotransmitter
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
A nerve cell
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Neuron
A nerve cell
37 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch2 Models of Abnormality
Biological Model
Brain Anatomy
Parts of a neuron
Synapse
"Medical Model" Brain and biological processes lead to abnorm…
100 billion neurons and billions of glial cells. Many importa…
1. Cell body 2. Dendrites 3. Axons 4. Axon terminals (termina…
Small gap between axon terminals and dendrites of adjacent ne…
Biological Model
"Medical Model" Brain and biological processes lead to abnorm…
Brain Anatomy
100 billion neurons and billions of glial cells. Many importa…
34 terms
Ch.3 Abnormal Psychology: Abnormality Models
Models
Neuron
Synapse
Biological (Medical Perspective)
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
a nerve cell
the tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron to anot…
Brain Anatomy: discovered connections between psychological d…
Models
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Neuron
a nerve cell
77 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Mid Term: Psychological Model Approaches
Abnormal Criteria
Social Deviance
Subjective Distress
Psychological Handicap
1. Social Deviance ... 2. Psychological Handicap ... 3. Subjective…
Extreme and Persistent behavior which is disturbing to societ…
Self Report of an excessive and disturbing emotion such as an…
Self Report of being disturbed by one's inability to function…
Abnormal Criteria
1. Social Deviance ... 2. Psychological Handicap ... 3. Subjective…
Social Deviance
Extreme and Persistent behavior which is disturbing to societ…
75 terms
Abnormal Psychology - CH2 Models of Abnormality
Model
Types of models
Biological model
Biological model treatment
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic-…
Belief that all problems are biological in nature; too much o…
Usually involves medications, ECT, exercise, or surgery
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Types of models
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic-…
75 terms
Abnormal Psychology - CH2 Models of Abnormality
Model
Types of models
Biological model
Biological model treatment
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic-…
Belief that all problems are biological in nature; too much o…
Usually involves medications, ECT, exercise, or surgery
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Types of models
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic-…
35 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 2, Models of Abnormality
neurotransmitter
hormones
psychotropic medications
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
The chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstre…
Drugs that primarily affect the brain and reduce many symptom…
A form of biological treatment, used primarily on depressed p…
neurotransmitter
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
hormones
The chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstre…
66 terms
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 3: MODELS OF ABNORMALITY
model
neuron
synapse
neurotransmitter
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
A nerve cell
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
A chemical that released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
neuron
A nerve cell
21 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality
psychotropic medications
antianxiety drugs
antidepressant drugs
antibipolar drugs
biological treatment of drugs that mainly affect the brain an…
one of four Psychotropic drugs that help reduce tension and a…
one of four Psychotropic drugs that improve the mood of peopl…
one of four Psychotropic drugs that help stabilize the moods…
psychotropic medications
biological treatment of drugs that mainly affect the brain an…
antianxiety drugs
one of four Psychotropic drugs that help reduce tension and a…
34 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 3 Models of Abnormality
model
neuron
synapse
neurotransmitter
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
a nerve cell
the space between two neurons
a chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
model
a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
neuron
a nerve cell
75 terms
Abnormal Psychology - CH2 Models of Abnormality
Model
Types of models
Biological model
Biological model treatment
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic-…
Belief that all problems are biological in nature; too much o…
Usually involves medications, ECT, exercise, or surgery
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Types of models
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic-…
35 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 2, Models of Abnormality
neurotransmitter
hormones
psychotropic medications
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
The chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstre…
Drugs that primarily affect the brain and reduce many symptom…
A form of biological treatment, used primarily on depressed p…
neurotransmitter
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
hormones
The chemicals released by endocrine glands into the bloodstre…
16 terms
Lecture 1: Theoretical Models of Abnormal Psychology
Abnormal Psychology
Elements of "Abnormal" Behaviour
Infrequency as an element of abnormal…
Deviance as an element of abnormal beh…
The study of understanding, explaining and modifying abnormal…
-Infrequency... -Deviance... -Distress... -Disability... -Danger
The behaviour must be statistically rare (although depression…
Abnormality is defined based on the behaviours deviance from…
Abnormal Psychology
The study of understanding, explaining and modifying abnormal…
Elements of "Abnormal" Behaviour
-Infrequency... -Deviance... -Distress... -Disability... -Danger
56 terms
Psychology 250: Chapter 3 - Models of Abnormality
Model
Neuron
Synapse
Neurotransmitter
A set of assumptions & concepts that help scientists explain…
A nerve cell
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
Model
A set of assumptions & concepts that help scientists explain…
Neuron
A nerve cell
45 terms
Abnormal Psychology; Models of abnormality, Clinical Assessments, diagnosis and treatment
Biological Disorder: What causes disor…
Biological Disorder: How are disorders…
Biological Disorder: What are the sour…
Biological Disorder: Major problems wi…
Neurotransmitters linked to certain disorders; The endocrine…
Drug therapy, ECT therapy, Psycho-surgery.
Genetics, evolution, viral infections.
Interplay between biology and environment. Medication can hav…
Biological Disorder: What causes disor…
Neurotransmitters linked to certain disorders; The endocrine…
Biological Disorder: How are disorders…
Drug therapy, ECT therapy, Psycho-surgery.
100 terms
Psychological Disorders Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality
Model
Neuron
Synapse
Theoretical Frameworks
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
A nerve cell.
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
Over the course of our lives, each of us has developed a pers…
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Neuron
A nerve cell.
24 terms
Psych 321: Abnormal Psychology Ch. 2: Models of Abnormality
Model
Neurons
Synapse
Neurotransmitter
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
A nerve cell.
The tiny space between the nerve ending of one neuron and the…
A chemical that, released by one neuron, crosses the synaptic…
Model
A set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explai…
Neurons
A nerve cell.
34 terms
Abnormal Psychology
Phobia
Psychological Dysfunction
Atypical
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM…
Irrational fear of a specific object or situation which is se…
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
Not typical; not conforming to the type; irregular; abnormal
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - Contains the current list…
Phobia
Irrational fear of a specific object or situation which is se…
Psychological Dysfunction
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
9 terms
As Psychology - The Biological Model of Abnormality - Classification within the Biological model (Genetics)
It can determine whether an individual…
This can favor in the development of...
What has animal research demonstrated?
What is an Ethical issue of this?
...neurotransmitter
...psychological disorders
Possible to breed for general characteristics
Genetics can predispose people to certain disorders
It can determine whether an individual…
...neurotransmitter
This can favor in the development of...
...psychological disorders
abnormal models
how do the genetics of psych disorders…
what periods of women's lives can lead…
how does a mother's exposure to viruse…
under what circumstances are brain str…
none are based on one gene, but an interaction b/w many + env…
- PMS, menopause, post- partum... - chronic stress
babies exposed to mom's immune system responses may develop d…
- structure impacted only in severe mental disorders... - typica…
how do the genetics of psych disorders…
none are based on one gene, but an interaction b/w many + env…
what periods of women's lives can lead…
- PMS, menopause, post- partum... - chronic stress
57 terms
Models of Abnormality
In the _____, abnormal behavior is vie…
The multidimensional model focuses on…
On average, there are _____ neurons.
Neurons are used to _____.
multidimensional model
behavioral; biological; emotional; social; developmental
140 billion
transmit information
In the _____, abnormal behavior is vie…
multidimensional model
The multidimensional model focuses on…
behavioral; biological; emotional; social; developmental
Abnormal Psych: Models of Abnormality
Integrative Approach
Biological Models
Biological Treatments
Psychological Models
Main models of abnormality combined
- Changes in brain anatomy... - Brain chemistry: neurotransmitte…
- Psychotropic medication: antipsychotics, antidepressants, m…
-Psychodynamic: forces that underlie behavior/feelings/emotio…
Integrative Approach
Main models of abnormality combined
Biological Models
- Changes in brain anatomy... - Brain chemistry: neurotransmitte…
36 terms
Abnormal Psych: Models of Abnormality
What are the 3 major categories of Mod…
Serotonin
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Behavioral... Psychodynamic... Biological
Mood, Satiety, Sleep
Learning and Memory
Muscle contractions, learning, memory, emotion
What are the 3 major categories of Mod…
Behavioral... Psychodynamic... Biological
Serotonin
Mood, Satiety, Sleep
33 terms
Models of Abnormality
Models of abnormality
Biological models
Make up of human brain
Forebrain
Biological model... Germ model... Biochemical model... Genetic model... P…
Biological models view abnormality as an illness, caused by d…
Brain has two hemispheres... Brain has three sections: forebrain…
Controls higher order functioning (e.g., speech, language rec…
Models of abnormality
Biological model... Germ model... Biochemical model... Genetic model... P…
Biological models
Biological models view abnormality as an illness, caused by d…
34 terms
Models of Abnormality: Psychodynamic Model
Psychodynamic Model
Dynamic
Deterministic
Psychoanalysis
the oldest and most famous of the modern psychological models…
internal forces that interact with one another; their interac…
no symptom or behavior is "accidental": all behavior is deter…
developed by Freud to explain both normal and abnormal psycho…
Psychodynamic Model
the oldest and most famous of the modern psychological models…
Dynamic
internal forces that interact with one another; their interac…
25 terms
Abnormal Psychology
psychological disorder
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disord…
medical model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disord…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
Models of Abnormality
Cause of Biological dysfunction
Cause of Psychodymanic dysfunction
Cause of Behavioral dysfunction
Cause of Cognitive dysfunction
Biological malfunction
Underlying conflicts
Maladaptive learning
Maladaptive thinking
Cause of Biological dysfunction
Biological malfunction
Cause of Psychodymanic dysfunction
Underlying conflicts
17 terms
Models of Abnormality: Sociocultural Model
Sociocultural Model
Family-Social Perspective
"On Being Sane in Insane Places"
Family Systems Theory
looks to social and cultural forces as the keys to human func…
focuses on an individual's family and social interactions
a famous study performed by David Rosenhan in 1973. 8 normal…
a theory that views the family as a system of interacting par…
Sociocultural Model
looks to social and cultural forces as the keys to human func…
Family-Social Perspective
focuses on an individual's family and social interactions
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