Study sets matching "abnormal psychology 4"

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Study sets matching "abnormal psychology 4"

29 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Chapter 4
Agnostic
Alcohol (ethanol)
Alcohol dehydrogenase
Alcoholic myopia
A chemical that increases the potency of other chemicals.
The second most commonly used psychoactive substance in the U…
An enzyme that breaks down alcohol in the stomach and the liv…
Narrowing of focus to the immediate.
Agnostic
A chemical that increases the potency of other chemicals.
Alcohol (ethanol)
The second most commonly used psychoactive substance in the U…
164 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #4
What 3 things do substances change?
Which DSM was the first to include the…
What is the general definition of Psyc…
How often are Substance-related and Ad…
thinking, mood, behaviors
DSMIII, "Sociopathic behavior/personality"
A broad class of drugs, that alters patterns of thinking, fee…
75%
What 3 things do substances change?
thinking, mood, behaviors
Which DSM was the first to include the…
DSMIII, "Sociopathic behavior/personality"
22 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
Science
Theory
Hypothesis
Correlational Method
To know
set of propositions developed to explain what is observed
Specific prediction about what will occur
Do variable X and Y vary together
Science
To know
Theory
set of propositions developed to explain what is observed
Abnormal Psychology, Chapter 4
Research in Abnormal
Basic Components of Research
Statistical Significance
Clinical Significance
Includes the role of biological, psychological, and social fa…
- Hypothesis... - Methods- Research Design... - Results... - Interpret…
Are the results due to chance?
Results are clinically meaningful
Research in Abnormal
Includes the role of biological, psychological, and social fa…
Basic Components of Research
- Hypothesis... - Methods- Research Design... - Results... - Interpret…
59 terms
Abnormal Psychology Test 4
amnestic disorder
amyloid cascade hypothesis
atrophy
cholinesterase inhibitors
a cognitive disorder marked by severe impairment in memory du…
a theory that genetic and environmental factors interact to p…
gradual deterioration or shrinkage of a brain area in people…
a class of drugs to treat people with dementia that help incr…
amnestic disorder
a cognitive disorder marked by severe impairment in memory du…
amyloid cascade hypothesis
a theory that genetic and environmental factors interact to p…
abnormal psychology 4
what are some effects of child abuse
what are some key features of autism s…
what are the causes of autism?
what are the key features in intellect…
difficulty forming healthy relationships, low self-esteem, su…
deficits in social interactions, sameness in routine, restric…
unknown
maternal diseases, alcohol use,
what are some effects of child abuse
difficulty forming healthy relationships, low self-esteem, su…
what are some key features of autism s…
deficits in social interactions, sameness in routine, restric…
15 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
Actuarial Interpretation
Assessment
Categorical Approach to Classification
Classification System
Analysis of test results based on an explicit set of rules de…
The process of gathering and organizing information about a p…
A view of classification based on the assumption that there a…
A system for grouping together objects or organisms that shar…
Actuarial Interpretation
Analysis of test results based on an explicit set of rules de…
Assessment
The process of gathering and organizing information about a p…
46 terms
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 4
Clinical Assessment
The specific tools used in an assessme…
Characteristics of Assessment Tools
Reliability refers to the consistency…
- Assessment is collecting relevant information in an effort…
- Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have been developed a…
- To be useful, assessment tools must be standardized and hav…
- A good tool will always yield the same results in the same…
Clinical Assessment
- Assessment is collecting relevant information in an effort…
The specific tools used in an assessme…
- Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have been developed a…
23 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
anxiety
fear
panic
panic attack
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily…
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or l…
Sudden, overwhelming fright or terror
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort accompanied b…
anxiety
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily…
fear
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or l…
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
anxiety
fight or flight
sympathetic ns
parasympathetic ns
a common emotion characterized by physical symptoms, future-o…
a general discharge of the sympathetic nervous system activat…
the part of the autonomic nervous system that activates the b…
the part of the autonomic nervous system that counteracts the…
anxiety
a common emotion characterized by physical symptoms, future-o…
fight or flight
a general discharge of the sympathetic nervous system activat…
Abnormal Psychology Exam 4
Cluster A
Cluster B
Cluster C
A
Odd or eccentric personality behaviors
Behaviors viewed as exaggerated, inflated, dramatic, emotiona…
Anxious or fearful personality behaviors. Behaviors marked by…
Paranoid Personality Disorder Cluster
Cluster A
Odd or eccentric personality behaviors
Cluster B
Behaviors viewed as exaggerated, inflated, dramatic, emotiona…
31 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
Anxiety
Fear
Panic
Panic attack
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily…
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or l…
Sudden, overwhelming fright or terror.
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort accompanied b…
Anxiety
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily…
Fear
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or l…
71 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
Classification Systems
Diagnosis
Rosenhan Study at Stanford
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
• Used in all forms of science... • They're not right or wrong;…
the identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis…
o Had people walk into the hospital and report that they were…
• Known as DSM-5 (2013)... • DSM-IV published in 1994 (year does…
Classification Systems
• Used in all forms of science... • They're not right or wrong;…
Diagnosis
the identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis…
63 terms
Abnormal Psychology--Chapter 4
theory
hypothesis
case study
Three ways a case study can be used:
set of propositions means to explain a class of observations;…
expectations about what should occur if a theory is true
recording detailed information about one person at time... incl…
to provide a rich description of a clinical phenomenon... to dis…
theory
set of propositions means to explain a class of observations;…
hypothesis
expectations about what should occur if a theory is true
44 terms
Abnormal Psychology chapter 4
Intern's syndrome
Mood disorders
Major depressive disorder
anhedonia, depression
Students that find themselves thinking that they have one or…
A disorder that causes disturbances in the way people feel ac…
A mood disorder that typically defines depression. Can be cha…
To be classified as having a major depressive disorder, eithe…
Intern's syndrome
Students that find themselves thinking that they have one or…
Mood disorders
A disorder that causes disturbances in the way people feel ac…
52 terms
Abnormal Psychology chapter 4
Intern's syndrome
Mood disorders
Major depressive disorder
anhedonia, depression
Students that find themselves thinking that they have one or…
A disorder that causes disturbances in the way people feel ac…
A mood disorder that typically defines depression. Can be cha…
To be classified as having a major depressive disorder, eithe…
Intern's syndrome
Students that find themselves thinking that they have one or…
Mood disorders
A disorder that causes disturbances in the way people feel ac…
22 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
idiographic understanding
assessment
standardization
reliability
an understanding of a particular individual
the process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
the process in which a test is administered to a large group…
a measure of the consistency of test or research results
idiographic understanding
an understanding of a particular individual
assessment
the process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
50 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Null Hypothesis
Variable
Systematic method of obtaining and evaluating information rel…
Testable statement about two or more variables and the relati…
Alternative to a primary hypothesis, stating that there is no…
Measurable factor or characteristic that can vary within an i…
Scientific Method
Systematic method of obtaining and evaluating information rel…
Hypothesis
Testable statement about two or more variables and the relati…
51 terms
Abnormal Psychology Kring Ch 4
ABAB design
Adoptees method
Analogue experiment
Association study
an experimental design in which behavior is measured during a…
research method that studies children who were adopted and re…
an experimental study of a phenomenon different from but rela…
a type of molecular genetics study where researchers examine…
ABAB design
an experimental design in which behavior is measured during a…
Adoptees method
research method that studies children who were adopted and re…
55 terms
abnormal psychology 4
eating disorders
feeding disorders
pica
rumination disorder
-anorexia nervosa... -bulimia nervosa... -binge eating
-pica... -rumination disorder... -avoidant/restrictive food intake…
eating non food objects
throw up food and eat it again
eating disorders
-anorexia nervosa... -bulimia nervosa... -binge eating
feeding disorders
-pica... -rumination disorder... -avoidant/restrictive food intake…
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
idiographic
Assessment
Clinical assessment
Personality assessment
individual
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
Used to determine whether, how and why a person is behaving a…
Used to assess a client's personality and probe for unconscio…
idiographic
individual
Assessment
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
41 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
anxiety
fear
anxiety disorder
etiological model
an anticipatory emotion that produces bodily reactions that p…
an intense emotion experienced in response to a threatening s…
fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual's…
model developed to explain the cause of a disorder
anxiety
an anticipatory emotion that produces bodily reactions that p…
fear
an intense emotion experienced in response to a threatening s…
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
hypothesis
research design
dependent variable
independent variable
an educated guess or statement to be supported by data
the plan for testing the hypothesis
some aspect of the experiment that is measured and is expecte…
the aspect manipulated or thought to influence the change in…
hypothesis
an educated guess or statement to be supported by data
research design
the plan for testing the hypothesis
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY (4&6)
Actuarial Procedures
Agoraphobia
Amygdala
Anxiety
methods whereby data about subjects are analyzed by objective…
fear of being in places or situations where a panic attack ma…
a collection of nuclei that are almond shaped and that lie in…
a general feeling of apprehension about possible danger
Actuarial Procedures
methods whereby data about subjects are analyzed by objective…
Agoraphobia
fear of being in places or situations where a panic attack ma…
Abnormal Psychology 4
2 groups of Substance-related disorders
Substance Use Disorders
Substance Etiology: Genetic
Substance Etiology: Psychological & En…
substance use (dependence & abuse), substance induced (intoxi…
causes impairment or distress; ... categories of substances:... -de…
-Alcohol use disorders, higher in men... -dopamine issue
-psych expectation of benefits... -operant conditioning (self-me…
2 groups of Substance-related disorders
substance use (dependence & abuse), substance induced (intoxi…
Substance Use Disorders
causes impairment or distress; ... categories of substances:... -de…
10 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
predictive
reliability and validity
descriptive features
all distinctions among members of diff…
Videotapes of 10-year-old children are being used to determin…
The two principal criteria used to evaluate a classification…
Mental disorders are currently classified on the basis of
A categorical approach assumes that
predictive
Videotapes of 10-year-old children are being used to determin…
reliability and validity
The two principal criteria used to evaluate a classification…
5 terms
Chapter 1-4 Abnormal Psychology
the 3 Ds
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
3 components of anxiety
deviant, dysfuntional, distressful
part of the human nervous system that includes the brain and…
part of the human nervous system that includes the sensory pa…
physical response, cognitive symptoms, behavioral avoidance
the 3 Ds
deviant, dysfuntional, distressful
central nervous system
part of the human nervous system that includes the brain and…
18 terms
Abnormal Psychology CH. 4
Anxiety
Panic attack
Comorbidity
Expected panic attacks
Common emotion characterized by physical symptoms and thought…
An abrupt surge of intense fear or intense discomfort
The co-occurrence of two or more disorders in the same person
Occurs in response to a situational cue or trigger
Anxiety
Common emotion characterized by physical symptoms and thought…
Panic attack
An abrupt surge of intense fear or intense discomfort
52 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
scientific method
hypothesis
null hypothesis
variable
a basic series of steps designed to obtain and evaluate infor…
a testable statement of what we predict will happen in the st…
alternative to a primary hypothesis, stating that there is no…
a factor or characteristic that can vary within an individual…
scientific method
a basic series of steps designed to obtain and evaluate infor…
hypothesis
a testable statement of what we predict will happen in the st…
Chapter 4 Abnormal Psychology
Which of the following individuals is…
Which of the following scenarios corre…
_________ treatment for anxiety disord…
Anxiety is a ________ response. ... a) p…
d) Taryn, a 27-year old diagnosed with major depression.
a) Barb is afraid of heights. She is interviewing for a new p…
c) Psychidynamic
b) Future oriented
Which of the following individuals is…
d) Taryn, a 27-year old diagnosed with major depression.
Which of the following scenarios corre…
a) Barb is afraid of heights. She is interviewing for a new p…
40 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
Fear
Anxiety
DSM-5 Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Body's response to a serious threat to one's well-being... (Almo…
Body's response to a vague sense of being in danger, a feelin…
Generalized Anxiety Disorder... Phobias... Agoraphobia... Social Anxie…
Characterized by excessive anxiety under most circumstances a…
Fear
Body's response to a serious threat to one's well-being... (Almo…
Anxiety
Body's response to a vague sense of being in danger, a feelin…
Exam 4 Abnormal Psychology
sexual dysfunctions
Disorders of Desire
Disorders of Sexual Pain (Genitopelvic…
Vaginismus
Disorders in which people cannot respond normally in key area…
an interest/urge to have sex, sexual fantasies, and sexual at…
characterized by enormous physical discomfort during intercou…
Some women experience involuntary contractions of the outer t…
sexual dysfunctions
Disorders in which people cannot respond normally in key area…
Disorders of Desire
an interest/urge to have sex, sexual fantasies, and sexual at…
39 terms
abnormal psychology (chpt. 4)
process of collecting relevant informa…
what are the two things you want to co…
what are the three categories of asses…
what three things must an assessment h…
assessment
1. how and why a person is behaving abnormally... 2. how that pe…
1. clinical interviews... 2. tests... 3 observations
1. be standardized... 2. high reliability... 3. high validity
process of collecting relevant informa…
assessment
what are the two things you want to co…
1. how and why a person is behaving abnormally... 2. how that pe…
67 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam 4
14
schizophrenia
psychosis
psychotic episodes
14
a psychotic disorder in which personal, social, and occupatio…
loss of contact with reality
-psychosis... -may be substance-induced or caused by brain injur…
14
14
schizophrenia
a psychotic disorder in which personal, social, and occupatio…
14 terms
Abnormal Psychology Sec. 4
intake
assessment
neurological assessment
psychological
"screening process"
formal testing (masters, phD) allows for formal diagnosis
brain scans (stoop task, iowa gambling task, card sort, etc)
type of assessment involving a clinical interview, observatio…
intake
"screening process"
assessment
formal testing (masters, phD) allows for formal diagnosis
47 terms
Abnormal Psychology (1-4)
epidemology
etiology
symptom
syndrome
study of distribution
origins of a disorder
single indicator
cluster of symptoms
epidemology
study of distribution
etiology
origins of a disorder
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
Assessment
Actual interpretation
Categorical approach to classification
Classification system
The process of gathering and organizing information about a p…
Analysis of test results based on an explicit set of rules de…
A view of classification based on the assumption that there a…
A system for grouping together objects or organisms that shar…
Assessment
The process of gathering and organizing information about a p…
Actual interpretation
Analysis of test results based on an explicit set of rules de…
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 4
Clinical Assessment
The specific tools used in an assessme…
Characteristics of Assessment Tools
Reliability refers to the consistency…
- Assessment is collecting relevant information in an effort…
- Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have been developed a…
- To be useful, assessment tools must be standardized and hav…
- A good tool will always yield the same results in the same…
Clinical Assessment
- Assessment is collecting relevant information in an effort…
The specific tools used in an assessme…
- Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have been developed a…
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
ABAB Design
Adoptees Method
Analogue Expereiment
Association Study
an experimental design in which behavior is measures during a…
research method that studies children who were adopted and re…
an experimental study of a phenomenon different from but rela…
a type of molecular genetics study where researchers examine…
ABAB Design
an experimental design in which behavior is measures during a…
Adoptees Method
research method that studies children who were adopted and re…
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 4
Idiographic Understanding
Assessment
Clinical Assessment
Personality Assessment
An understanding of the behavior of a particular individual
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
Used to determine how and why a person is behaving abnormally…
Use methods that assess a client's personality and probe for…
Idiographic Understanding
An understanding of the behavior of a particular individual
Assessment
The process of collecting and interpreting relevant informati…
25 terms
Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4
agoraphobia
anxiety
anxiety disorders
behavioral inhibition
pg 119... An abnormal fear of open or public places
pg 111... An emotional state of high energy, with the stress res…
pg 117... A group of disorders distinguished by feelings of inte…
Temperamental feature characterized by withdrawal from (or fa…
agoraphobia
pg 119... An abnormal fear of open or public places
anxiety
pg 111... An emotional state of high energy, with the stress res…
47 terms
Abnormal Psychology CH. 4
Fear
Anxiety
generalized anxiety disorder (free-flo…
specific phobia
The central nervous system's physiological and emotional resp…
The central nervous system's physiological and emotional resp…
A disorder marked by persistent and excessive feelings of anx…
persistent and irrational fear of a particular object or situ…
Fear
The central nervous system's physiological and emotional resp…
Anxiety
The central nervous system's physiological and emotional resp…
49 terms
Abnormal Psychology Exam #4
Compared to the DSM-IV definition of a…
In 2010, Teresa Lewis was executed in…
If I wanted to argue in favor of using…
Understanding normal behavior within t…
Changing the cutoff for intellectual disability from 70 to 85
A strict cutoff of 70 cannot be used to exclude a potential d…
All of the above are facts that could be used to argue in fav…
Developmental psychopathology
Compared to the DSM-IV definition of a…
Changing the cutoff for intellectual disability from 70 to 85
In 2010, Teresa Lewis was executed in…
A strict cutoff of 70 cannot be used to exclude a potential d…
53 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 4
Dimensional Approach
Categorical Approach
Diagnosis From a Categorical Perspective
Syndrome
Defining abnormal behavior along a continuum or spectrum.
Defining abnormal behavior in categories (a large class of fr…
Defined by rules that outline how many and what features of a…
Mental disorder or diagnosis
Dimensional Approach
Defining abnormal behavior along a continuum or spectrum.
Categorical Approach
Defining abnormal behavior in categories (a large class of fr…
20 terms
abnormal psychology chapter 4
hypothesis
dependent variable
independent variable
internal validity
an educated guess
an experimental study, the phenomenon that is measured and ex…
phenomenon manipulated by the experimenter in a study and exp…
extent to which the results of a study can be attributed to t…
hypothesis
an educated guess
dependent variable
an experimental study, the phenomenon that is measured and ex…
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
health psychologist
stress
stressor
distress
psychologists who study interrelationships between psychologi…
pressures or demands placed on organisms to adapt or adjust
source of the stress that include psychological factors such…
a state of physical or mental pain or suffering
health psychologist
psychologists who study interrelationships between psychologi…
stress
pressures or demands placed on organisms to adapt or adjust
56 terms
Abnormal Psychology Unit 4
Childhood Disorder Limitations
Changes from DSM IV to DSM 5 for Child…
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disord…
Subtypes of ADHD
behaviors, relevance, and symptoms change over the course of…
IV- symptoms (also most childhood disorders were in the same…
-hyperactivity/impulsivness... -attention deficits (might actual…
-ADHD w/ H/I... -ADHD w/ AD... -ADHD w/ H/I and AD
Childhood Disorder Limitations
behaviors, relevance, and symptoms change over the course of…
Changes from DSM IV to DSM 5 for Child…
IV- symptoms (also most childhood disorders were in the same…
100 terms
Abnormal Psychology chapters 4-8
Which theoretical position explains th…
According to Freud, children who are s…
"Phobic and generalized anxiety disord…
If you live in a city, own your home a…
D the psychodynamic approach
B neurotic anxiety.
D humanistic theorists
D being diagnosed with cancer
Which theoretical position explains th…
D the psychodynamic approach
According to Freud, children who are s…
B neurotic anxiety.
84 terms
Abnormal psychology 4-7
What is anxiety?
What is FOF response?
What is the hypothalamus?
What is the autonomic system and their…
common emotion characterized by physical symptoms (faster hea…
Fight or flight response ... the response of your sympathetic n…
a center in the brain which deals with emotions
how your body acts under stress... sympathetic nervous system c…
What is anxiety?
common emotion characterized by physical symptoms (faster hea…
What is FOF response?
Fight or flight response ... the response of your sympathetic n…
47 terms
abnormal psychology chapters 1-4
abnormality
biological causes
psychological causes
sociocultural causes
causing distress and impairment... or a risk to self or others
genetic inheritance, ... medical conditions, ... brain damage,... exp…
traumatic life experiences,... faulty ways of thinking,... distorte…
disturbances in intimate relationships,... political or social u…
abnormality
causing distress and impairment... or a risk to self or others
biological causes
genetic inheritance, ... medical conditions, ... brain damage,... exp…
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