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Study sets matching "abnormal psychology chapter 12"

27 terms
Psychology - Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology
mental illness
behaviorist
Freudian psycho-dynamic
humanist
a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…
B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…
abnormal behavior explained by unconscious psychic conflicts
Maslow... explain that mental illness developed by circumstances…
mental illness
a disorder that affects a person's thoughts, emotions, and be…
behaviorist
B.F. Skinner... Albert Bandura... Behavior is personality; determin…
40 terms
Chapter 12 (Abnormal Psychology)
Psychopathology
4 Characteristics of Abnormality
Statistical Rarity
Violation of Norms (Social Nonconformi…
The scientific study of abnormal or maladaptive behaviors, an…
1. Statistical Rarity... 2. Violation of Norms (Social Nonconfor…
Behavior that does not occur frequently in a population.... -The…
Violation of the written or unwritten rules of society (Norms…
Psychopathology
The scientific study of abnormal or maladaptive behaviors, an…
4 Characteristics of Abnormality
1. Statistical Rarity... 2. Violation of Norms (Social Nonconfor…
59 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Schizophrenia
Psychosis
Downward drift theory
What are three groups of symptoms of s…
A psychotic disorder in which personal social and occupationa…
A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with…
Some theorists believe that schizophrenia causes victims from…
1. Positive symptoms: excesses of thought, emotions and behav…
Schizophrenia
A psychotic disorder in which personal social and occupationa…
Psychosis
A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with…
21 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Adjustment disorder
Desire
Erectile disorder
Exhibitionistic disorder
An extreme but temporary reaction to an everyday crisis; thes…
The complex set of feelings, cognitions, and fantasies that m…
An inability to attain or sustain an erection until the compl…
Condition characterized by exposing one's genitals to... a stran…
Adjustment disorder
An extreme but temporary reaction to an everyday crisis; thes…
Desire
The complex set of feelings, cognitions, and fantasies that m…
32 terms
Abnormal Psychology- Chapter 12
schizophrenia
catatonia
hebephrenia
paranoia
a devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteris…
a disorder or movement involving immobility or excited agitat…
a silly and immature emotionality; a characteristic of some t…
people's irrational beliefs that they are especially importan…
schizophrenia
a devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteris…
catatonia
a disorder or movement involving immobility or excited agitat…
21 terms
Chapter 12 - Abnormal Psychology
Psychological Disorder
Medical Model
DSM 5
Anxiety Disorders
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
A classification system that describes the features used to d…
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persist…
Psychological Disorder
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
Medical Model
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be di…
12 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Anorexia Nervosa
Amenorrhea
Restricting Type of Anorexia Nervosa
Binge/Purge Type of Anorexia Nervosa
Eating disorder in which people fail to maintain body weights…
Cessation of the menses
Type of anorexia nervosa in which weight gain is prevented by…
Type of anorexia nervosa in which periodic bingeing or purgin…
Anorexia Nervosa
Eating disorder in which people fail to maintain body weights…
Amenorrhea
Cessation of the menses
34 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
psychological abnormality
insanity
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
phobia
- maladaptive/disturbing to the individual... - disturbing to ot…
legal term to differentiate between people who can be held en…
- provides a way for psychologist to diagnose their patients…
intense, unwarranted fear of a situation/object
psychological abnormality
- maladaptive/disturbing to the individual... - disturbing to ot…
insanity
legal term to differentiate between people who can be held en…
28 terms
Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology Sue et al.
alogia
avolition
asociality
anhedonia
lack of meaningful speech
an inability to initiate or persist in goal-directed behavior
minimal interest in social relatonships
reduced ability to experience pleasure from positive events
alogia
lack of meaningful speech
avolition
an inability to initiate or persist in goal-directed behavior
12 terms
Abnormal Psychology chapter 12
Antisocial personality disorder
Avoidant personality disorder
Borderline personality disorder
Dependent personality disorder
(Cluster B) dramatic, emotional or erratic. personality disor…
(Cluster C) anxious or fearful. personality disorder featurin…
(Cluster B) dramatic, emotional or erratic. personality disor…
(Cluster C) anxious or fearful. personality disorder characte…
Antisocial personality disorder
(Cluster B) dramatic, emotional or erratic. personality disor…
Avoidant personality disorder
(Cluster C) anxious or fearful. personality disorder featurin…
16 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Personality Disorders A
Personality Disorders B
Personality Disorders C
Paranoid Personality Disorder Symptoms
-odd/eccentric... -Paranoid... -Schizoid ... -Schizotypal
-dramatic/emotional... -Antisocial... -Borderline... -Histrionic... -Narc…
-anxious/fearful ... -Avoidant... -Dependent... -Obsessive-compulsive
-mistrustful... -suspicious of others... -assume others are harmful…
Personality Disorders A
-odd/eccentric... -Paranoid... -Schizoid ... -Schizotypal
Personality Disorders B
-dramatic/emotional... -Antisocial... -Borderline... -Histrionic... -Narc…
25 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
Psychological Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Medical Model
DSM-IV-TB
deviant, distressful, dysfunctional pattern of behavior
marked by age 7 in children that have inattention, hyperactiv…
shows that psychological disorders have physical causes that…
American Psychological Association´s diagnostic manual of men…
Psychological Disorder
deviant, distressful, dysfunctional pattern of behavior
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
marked by age 7 in children that have inattention, hyperactiv…
33 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Schizophrenia
Psychosis
Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder
Positive Symptom
A psychotic disorder in which personal, social, and occupatio…
A state in which a person loses contact with reality in key w…
A number of Schizophrenia-like disorders listed in DSM-5, eac…
Symptoms of schizophrenia that seem to be excesses of or biza…
Schizophrenia
A psychotic disorder in which personal, social, and occupatio…
Psychosis
A state in which a person loses contact with reality in key w…
67 terms
Abnormal Psychology - chapter 12
Substances
Depressants
Alcohol
Alcohol: gender
depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and cannabis
slow the activity of the central nervous system (CNS), reduce…
ethyl alcohol, absorbed into the blood through the stomach li…
women have less alcohol dehydrogenase, an enzyme in the stoma…
Substances
depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and cannabis
Depressants
slow the activity of the central nervous system (CNS), reduce…
9 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
____ is characterized by self-starvati…
People with the ____ type of anorexia…
People with the ____ type of anorexia…
____ is characterized by uncontrolled…
Anorexia nervosa
Restricting
Binge/purge
Bulimia nervosa
____ is characterized by self-starvati…
Anorexia nervosa
People with the ____ type of anorexia…
Restricting
27 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Intellectual Disability
Intellectual Disability manifested in…
Intellectual Disability Stats
Etiology of Intellectual Disability -…
Intellectual deficits and adaptive functioning deficits, mani…
Conceptual ... - Reading, writing, math ... Social ... - Social judg…
- 1%-3% of the population has an intellectual disability (85%…
- Down syndrome (a genetic form of an intellectual disability…
Intellectual Disability
Intellectual deficits and adaptive functioning deficits, mani…
Intellectual Disability manifested in…
Conceptual ... - Reading, writing, math ... Social ... - Social judg…
40 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
What is anorexia nervosa?
Amenorrhea
Restricting type of anorexia nervosa
Binge/purge type of anorexia nervosa
When people starve themselves for very long periods of time a…
women and girls who have begun menstruating to stop having me…
Refusing to eat/engaging in excessive exercise as a way to pr…
People engage in binge eating or purging behaviors
What is anorexia nervosa?
When people starve themselves for very long periods of time a…
Amenorrhea
women and girls who have begun menstruating to stop having me…
12 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Anorexia
Amenorrhea
Restricting
Binge/Purge
Eating disorder in which people fail to maintain body weights…
Cessation of the menses
Type of anorexia nervosa in which weight gain is prevented by…
Type of anorexia nervosa in which periodic bingeing or purgin…
Anorexia
Eating disorder in which people fail to maintain body weights…
Amenorrhea
Cessation of the menses
13 terms
Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology
Paraphilia
Paraphilic Disorder
Paraphilic Symptoms
Fetishistic Disorder
any intense and persistent sexual interest other than sexual…
paraphilia that leads to either leads to subjective distress…
Aggression, violence and hostility
defined in terms of the association of sexual arousal with vi…
Paraphilia
any intense and persistent sexual interest other than sexual…
Paraphilic Disorder
paraphilia that leads to either leads to subjective distress…
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Micha is 13 years old. She has a heart…
Down syndrome is caused by
The rate of Down syndrome as a proport…
A form of mild retardation resulting f…
functional deficits
the presence of an extra chromosome
the mother's age
cultural-familial retardation
Micha is 13 years old. She has a heart…
functional deficits
Down syndrome is caused by
the presence of an extra chromosome
26 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 12
Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa
Restricting Type of Anorexia Nervosa
Binge/Purge Type of Anorexia Nervosa
-Anorexia Nervosa: 0.3% male --> 0.9% female --> 0.6% total... -…
-Restriction of energy/calorie intake... -Leads to significantly…
-Three months... -Refusal to eat to lose weight... -Engaging in exc…
-Three months... -Different from bulimia because people tend to…
Eating Disorders
-Anorexia Nervosa: 0.3% male --> 0.9% female --> 0.6% total... -…
Anorexia Nervosa
-Restriction of energy/calorie intake... -Leads to significantly…
25 terms
Abnormal Psychology chapter 12
psychosis
Positive symptoms of shizophrenia
loose associations
neologisms
loss of contact with reality... perception of reality is disturbed
delusions, disorganized thinking and speech, heightened perce…
rapidly shift from one topic to another
using made up words
psychosis
loss of contact with reality... perception of reality is disturbed
Positive symptoms of shizophrenia
delusions, disorganized thinking and speech, heightened perce…
28 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Aspects of Personality Disorders
personality disorder
Categorical and Dimensional Models
Stats in regards to Personality Disord…
-> person's characteristic ways of thinking and behaving caus…
is a persistent pattern of emotions, cognitions, and behavior…
-disagreement over how to categorize personality disorders... -c…
-1/10 adults in USA... -6% worldwide... -remission often results in…
Aspects of Personality Disorders
-> person's characteristic ways of thinking and behaving caus…
personality disorder
is a persistent pattern of emotions, cognitions, and behavior…
39 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
substance use disorder
tolerance
withdrawal
alcohol
pattern of maladaptive behaviors and reactions brought about…
the adjustment that the brain and the body make to the regula…
unpleasant, sometimes dangerous reactions that may occur when…
any beverage containing ethyl alcohol, including beer, wine,…
substance use disorder
pattern of maladaptive behaviors and reactions brought about…
tolerance
the adjustment that the brain and the body make to the regula…
67 terms
Ap Psychology Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology Vocabulary
Psychological Abnormality Criteria
Insane
insanity
NGRI
1. Is it maladaptive/ disturbing to the individual... 2.Is it di…
layman term for psychological disorders in general
a legal term used to differentiate between people completely…
not guilty by reason of insanity
Psychological Abnormality Criteria
1. Is it maladaptive/ disturbing to the individual... 2.Is it di…
Insane
layman term for psychological disorders in general
59 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
autogynephilia
cross-gender identification
desire phase
dyspareunia
Paraphilia characterized by sexual arousal in men at the thou…
The desire to be, or the insistence that one is, of the oppos…
First phase of the human sexual response consisting of fantas…
Painful coitus in a male or female.
autogynephilia
Paraphilia characterized by sexual arousal in men at the thou…
cross-gender identification
The desire to be, or the insistence that one is, of the oppos…
44 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Insane
DSM
Anxiety disorder
Agoraphobia
Legal term/ not psychological term
Provides a way for psychologists to diagnose disorders
Phobia, generalized anxiety disorder
Fear of spiders
Insane
Legal term/ not psychological term
DSM
Provides a way for psychologists to diagnose disorders
82 terms
Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology
Criterion For Abnormality
Insane
Insanity
NGRI
1) maladaptive; disturbing to the individual... 2) disturbing to…
Used by laypeople to describe psychological disorders in gene…
Differentiates between those people who can be held entirely…
Not guilty by reason of insanity.
Criterion For Abnormality
1) maladaptive; disturbing to the individual... 2) disturbing to…
Insane
Used by laypeople to describe psychological disorders in gene…
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
Insane
DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual…
Anxiety Disorders
Specific phobia
Describe psychological disorders
Provides a way for psychologists to diagnose their patients... -…
Common symptom of anxiety
An intense unwarranted fear of a situation or object
Insane
Describe psychological disorders
DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual…
Provides a way for psychologists to diagnose their patients... -…
30 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
schizophrenia
catatonia
hebephrenia
paranoia
Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristi…
Disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitation.
Silly and immature emotionality, a characteristic of some typ…
People's irrational beliefs that they are especially importan…
schizophrenia
Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristi…
catatonia
Disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitation.
24 terms
Chapter 12- Abnormal Psychology
Psychological Disorder
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity-Disord…
Medical Model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dsyfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
A psychological disorder marked by three key symptoms: extrem…
The concept that psychological disorders have physical causes…
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
Psychological Disorder
deviant, distressful, and dsyfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity-Disord…
A psychological disorder marked by three key symptoms: extrem…
47 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
Disordered Behaviour
Mental Disorder
Maladaptive Behaviour
Maladaptive Self-Control
Comprised of two elements: maladaptive behaviour and maladapt…
Significant impairment in psychological functioning
Behaviour that makes it difficult to function day to day and…
Loss of ability to adequately control thoughts, behaviours an…
Disordered Behaviour
Comprised of two elements: maladaptive behaviour and maladapt…
Mental Disorder
Significant impairment in psychological functioning
38 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
personality disorder
ego syntonic
ego dystonic
cluster a
characterized by overly rigid and maladaptive patterns of beh…
natural part of themselves
do not see their behaviors as part of their self-identities
people who are perceived as odd or eccentric; this includes p…
personality disorder
characterized by overly rigid and maladaptive patterns of beh…
ego syntonic
natural part of themselves
18 terms
Chapter 12- Abnormal Psychology
DSM
Characteristics of a disorder
Schizophrenia
Anxiety
Book used to diagnose psychological disorders... Criticised for…
Statistically unusual... Distressing... Harmful to self or others
Most extreme... Delusions, flattening, hallucinations, disorgani…
Strong, negative emotions... Physical tension due to anticipatio…
DSM
Book used to diagnose psychological disorders... Criticised for…
Characteristics of a disorder
Statistically unusual... Distressing... Harmful to self or others
61 terms
Chapter 12 Abnormal Psychology
psychological disorder
attentions-deficit hyperactivity disor…
medical model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
attentions-deficit hyperactivity disor…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
45 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
Insane
DSM
Anxiety Disorders
Specific phobia
A legal term, not a medical term, describing people with psyc…
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persist…
A marked fear of a specific object or situation; a general la…
Insane
A legal term, not a medical term, describing people with psyc…
DSM
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
39 terms
Chapter 12 - Abnormal Psychology
Insane
DSM
Anxiety Disorder
Specific Phobia
A legal term for those who cannot be held fully responsible f…
A reference book used by psychologists and psychiatrists to d…
A class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehen…
A disorder in which a person feels intense anxiety when expos…
Insane
A legal term for those who cannot be held fully responsible f…
DSM
A reference book used by psychologists and psychiatrists to d…
75 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
abnormality
insane
insanity
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
1. it is harmful to the individual... 2. it is disturbing to oth…
term used by laypeople to describe psychological disorders in…
legal term. Insanity differentiates people who can be held en…
provides way for psychologists to diagnose patients... does not…
abnormality
1. it is harmful to the individual... 2. it is disturbing to oth…
insane
term used by laypeople to describe psychological disorders in…
98 terms
Chapter 12 - Abnormal Psychology
abnormal psychology
abnormality means...... [changes througho…
insanity
DSM
- the study of people who suffer from psychological disorders…
- maladaptive: harmful and/or disturbing to the individual's…
- used to determine if you should be held responsible for a c…
- diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders... - use…
abnormal psychology
- the study of people who suffer from psychological disorders…
abnormality means...... [changes througho…
- maladaptive: harmful and/or disturbing to the individual's…
58 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
Common Characteristics of Abnormality
Insane
DSM
Etiology
1. It is maladaptive(harmful) or disturbing for the individua…
Describes psychological disorders in general. NOT a medical t…
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Provid…
Study of the causes of psychological disordrs
Common Characteristics of Abnormality
1. It is maladaptive(harmful) or disturbing for the individua…
Insane
Describes psychological disorders in general. NOT a medical t…
96 terms
chapter 12 abnormal psychology
psychological disorder
medical model
biopsychosocial approach
psychoanalytic (and psychodynamic)
a syndrome marked by a clinically significant distubrance in…
focuses on physical causes and hospital treatment
focosues on that combination of factors that leads to psychol…
internal, unconscious conflict
psychological disorder
a syndrome marked by a clinically significant distubrance in…
medical model
focuses on physical causes and hospital treatment
31 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
3 broad categories
Cluster a
Paranoid personality disorder
Basis/Prognosis for paranoid PD
-odd, eccentric, strange disorders (schizoid)... -dramatic or em…
Odd and eccentric disorders... -Paranoid... -Schizoid... -Schizo-typal
-walks around with a chip on their shoulder... -always thinks ev…
-thought to come from parents combined with culture (no stron…
3 broad categories
-odd, eccentric, strange disorders (schizoid)... -dramatic or em…
Cluster a
Odd and eccentric disorders... -Paranoid... -Schizoid... -Schizo-typal
24 terms
Chapter 12 - Abnormal Psychology
Psychological disorder
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disord…
Medical model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
Psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disord…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
13 terms
Chapter 12- Abnormal Psychology
biological model of abnormality
psychodynamic model of abnormality
behaviorist model of abnormality
cognitive model of abnormality
Explaining mental disorders as the combined result of biologi…
An approach that views mental disorder as arising... from inner…
approach to understanding that abnormality is that all behavi…
psychological problems stem from a person's thoughts. The tho…
biological model of abnormality
Explaining mental disorders as the combined result of biologi…
psychodynamic model of abnormality
An approach that views mental disorder as arising... from inner…
55 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
agoraphobia
anorexia nervosa
antisocial personality disorders
anxiety disorders
fear of public places
intense fear of gaining weight, unhealthy and dangerous measu…
usually in males, marked by aggressive, impulsive, lacks cons…
persistent anxiety
agoraphobia
fear of public places
anorexia nervosa
intense fear of gaining weight, unhealthy and dangerous measu…
33 terms
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, chapter 12
schizophrenia
catatonia
hebephrenia
paranoia
A devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteris…
A disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitat…
A silly and immature emotionality, a characteristic of some t…
People's irrational beliefs that they are especially importan…
schizophrenia
A devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteris…
catatonia
A disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitat…
39 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
psychological abnormality
insanity
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
phobia
- maladaptive/disturbing to the individual... - disturbing to ot…
legal term to differentiate between people who can be held en…
- provides a way for psychologist to diagnose their patients…
intense, unwarranted fear of a situation/object
psychological abnormality
- maladaptive/disturbing to the individual... - disturbing to ot…
insanity
legal term to differentiate between people who can be held en…
44 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Insane
Dsm
Anxiety disorders
Specific phobia
A term used to describe a person with disorders.
Stands for Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disord…
There are 3 parts; phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, and…
An intense unwarranted fear of a situation or object such as…
Insane
A term used to describe a person with disorders.
Dsm
Stands for Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disord…
16 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 12
Personality disorder
Paranoid personality disorder
Schizoid personality disorder
Schizotypal personality disorder
enduring maladaptive patterns for relating to the environment…
Cluster A personality disorder involving pervasive distrust a…
Cluster A personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern…
Cluster A personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern…
Personality disorder
enduring maladaptive patterns for relating to the environment…
Paranoid personality disorder
Cluster A personality disorder involving pervasive distrust a…
60 terms
Chapter 12: Abnormal Psychology
abnormal psychology
abnormality
insane
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M…
the study of people who suffer from psychological disorders
1. maladaptive and/or disturbing to the individual... 2. disturb…
a legal term used to describe people who, because of a psycho…
a book used by psychologists to determine if someone has a ps…
abnormal psychology
the study of people who suffer from psychological disorders
abnormality
1. maladaptive and/or disturbing to the individual... 2. disturb…
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