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Study sets matching "abnormalities bone"

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Study sets matching "abnormalities bone"

11 terms
Bone Abnormalities
Achondroplasia
Osteogenisis Imperfecta
Osteopenia
Osteoporosis
Growth plate disease... Point mutation in FGFR3 related to pater…
Brittle bone disease... Type 1 Collagen coding for a1,a2 chains.…
Increased porosity of skeleton resulting in bone mass reducti…
Osteopenia severe enough to significantly increase risk of fr…
Achondroplasia
Growth plate disease... Point mutation in FGFR3 related to pater…
Osteogenisis Imperfecta
Brittle bone disease... Type 1 Collagen coding for a1,a2 chains.…
15 terms
Bone Abnormalities
Secondary Osteoporosis
Common fracture sites secondary to ost…
Osteoporosis dx and treatment
Osteopetrosis
Tends to come to younger patients; often secondary to trauma,…
Distal end of radius (Colles fracture); vertebrae
Usually xray dx; lab values for Ca2+, P, and alk phos are *no…
"Marble bone disease"; Genetic disease that causes failed ost…
Secondary Osteoporosis
Tends to come to younger patients; often secondary to trauma,…
Common fracture sites secondary to ost…
Distal end of radius (Colles fracture); vertebrae
8 terms
Bone Abnormalities
Osteoarthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Osteoporosis
Apoptosis
Cartilage wears out as age increases. ... Treatment= Change in a…
Autoimmune disease where white blood cells attack joints. ... Tr…
Osteoclasts are more abundant than osteoblasts.... Estrogen pro…
Cell suicide
Osteoarthritis
Cartilage wears out as age increases. ... Treatment= Change in a…
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Autoimmune disease where white blood cells attack joints. ... Tr…
6 terms
Bone abnormalities
acromegaly
bunion
gout
carpal tunnel
every body part bigger than normal
swelling of sift tissue in outside of big toe
buildup of uric acid
median nerve compressed at wrist
acromegaly
every body part bigger than normal
bunion
swelling of sift tissue in outside of big toe
8 terms
bone abnormalities
lordosis
kyphosis
scoliosis
cleft lip
exaggeration of convex curve of the lumbar region
exaggeration of the concave curve of the thoracic region
abnormal lateral and rotational curve of vertebral column
maxillae do not form properly
lordosis
exaggeration of convex curve of the lumbar region
kyphosis
exaggeration of the concave curve of the thoracic region
Abnormalities of Bone
Achondroplasia
What is th problem in achondroplasia?
Where is the mutation in achondroplasia?
What does FGFR3 do and what disease is…
most common disease of growth plate and major cause of dwarfism
defect in cell signaling, reduction in proliferation of chron…
point mutation in gene coding for FGF receptor 3, gain of fun…
FGFR3 is overexpressed in achondroplasia and so it inhibits b…
Achondroplasia
most common disease of growth plate and major cause of dwarfism
What is th problem in achondroplasia?
defect in cell signaling, reduction in proliferation of chron…
73 terms
Abnormalities of Bone Architecture
osteoporosis
secondary osteoporosis
immobilization, trauma, tumors, hormon…
osteoporosis
multifactorail disease characterized by an absolute reduciton…
may occur at any age, related to identifiable causes
causes of secondary osteoporsis
simultaneous loss of organic bone matrix and minerals
osteoporosis
multifactorail disease characterized by an absolute reduciton…
secondary osteoporosis
may occur at any age, related to identifiable causes
26 terms
Abnormalities of Bone Architecture
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis Pic
Advanced Osteoporosis
Secondary Osteoporosis Causes
~Reduction of trabecular bone mass, reduction of matrix and i…
Leads to fat (adipose) deposits in thinning vertebral bodies
1) Immobilization, as in chronic sedentary diseases... 2) Follow…
Osteoporosis
~Reduction of trabecular bone mass, reduction of matrix and i…
Osteoporosis Pic
47 terms
Skeletal Abnormalities/Abnormal Bone Growth
Avascular Necrosis
Which bones already have poor blood su…
Osteochondrosis
Who is more likely to have premature c…
Bone death due to no blood supply; every bony fracture result…
Scaphoid, trapezium, navicular
Avascular Necrosis from an unknown cause
Children with open epiphyseal plates
Avascular Necrosis
Bone death due to no blood supply; every bony fracture result…
Which bones already have poor blood su…
Scaphoid, trapezium, navicular
8 terms
Abnormal Bone Conditions
Bone Spurs
Osteoporosis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
4 Types of Spinal Abnormalities
Abnormal growth. Can occur on... any bone (e.g. heel).
The spongy bone gets more porous and fragile (breaks). Exerci…
Autoimmune disease which causes joint stiffness and bone defo…
Scoliosis, Kyphosis, Lordosis, Ankylosis
Bone Spurs
Abnormal growth. Can occur on... any bone (e.g. heel).
Osteoporosis
The spongy bone gets more porous and fragile (breaks). Exerci…
19 terms
Bone Abnormalities and Fractures
Pituitary Growth Failure
Achondroplasia
Marfan's Syndrome
Congenital talipes equinovarus
inadequate production of the growth hormone leads to reduced…
epiphyseal cartilage grows unusually slowly and replaced by b…
long and slender bones formed from an excess cartilage format…
inherited developmental disability; abnormal muscle developme…
Pituitary Growth Failure
inadequate production of the growth hormone leads to reduced…
Achondroplasia
epiphyseal cartilage grows unusually slowly and replaced by b…
LE 2:BONE ABNORMALITIES
ACROMEGALY
GIGANTISM
DWARFISM : )
PERTHES
description: abnormal bone growth, swelling in hands or feet…
D: abnormal bone growth in children (height and girth)... C:dir…
C: hypo secretion of GH
D: affects blood flow/ circulation... C/S: pain/ limping only o…
ACROMEGALY
description: abnormal bone growth, swelling in hands or feet…
GIGANTISM
D: abnormal bone growth in children (height and girth)... C:dir…
6 terms
Bone growth abnormalities
pituitary growth failure
Achondroplasia
Marfan syndrome
Gigantism
inadequate production of growth hormone leads to reduced epip…
results from abnormal epiphyseal activity, epiphyseal cartila…
individuals have long, slender limbs and are very tall, due t…
overproduction of growth hormone before puberty
pituitary growth failure
inadequate production of growth hormone leads to reduced epip…
Achondroplasia
results from abnormal epiphyseal activity, epiphyseal cartila…
14 terms
Bone growth abnormalities
Pituitary growth failure
Pituitary growth failure cause
Achondroplasia
Achondroplasia cause
Dwarfism
Inadequate growth hormones
Short limbs
Abnormal epiphyseal
Pituitary growth failure
Dwarfism
Pituitary growth failure cause
Inadequate growth hormones
9 terms
Bone Disorders/Abnormalities
Acromegaly
Gigantism
Marfan's Syndrome
Osteomalacia
Excess growth hormone after puberty; skeletal abnormalities t…
Overproduction of growth hormone before puberty
Extreme height; long, slender limbs; defective production of…
Softening of bone due to decrease in mineral content
Acromegaly
Excess growth hormone after puberty; skeletal abnormalities t…
Gigantism
Overproduction of growth hormone before puberty
7 terms
Abnormalities in Bone Growth
Pituitary growth failure (disorder cau…
Achondroplasia (disorder causing short…
Marfan's syndrome (disorder causing le…
Gigantism (disorder causing lengthened)
Inadequate growth hormone production; reduced epiphyseal cart…
Epiphyseal cartilage of long bones grow slowly; short, stocky…
Inherited metabolic condition; excessive cartilage formation…
Overproduction of growth hormone before puberty; puberty ofte…
Pituitary growth failure (disorder cau…
Inadequate growth hormone production; reduced epiphyseal cart…
Achondroplasia (disorder causing short…
Epiphyseal cartilage of long bones grow slowly; short, stocky…
40 terms
Path Bone- congenital abnormalities
PPP: CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES
DISORDERS OF BONE RESORPTION
osteopetrosis (metaphyseal dysplasia)
DISORDERS OF BONE FORMATION
...
-osteopetrosis
-rock... -marble bone diz... -failure of osteoclasts to resorb (rem…
-osteogenesis imperfecta
PPP: CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES
...
DISORDERS OF BONE RESORPTION
-osteopetrosis
28 terms
bone path developmental abnormalities
dysostoses
dysplasias
HOXD13 mutation
RUNX2 mutations
defects in migration of mesenchymal cells ... cells don't get th…
defects in matrix components or signaling pathways... cells don'…
results in extra digit
cleidocranial dysplasia - delayed ossification (absence of cl…
dysostoses
defects in migration of mesenchymal cells ... cells don't get th…
dysplasias
defects in matrix components or signaling pathways... cells don'…
5 terms
Abnormalities in bone growth
Achondroplasia
Pituitary growth failure
Marfans syndrome
Gigantism
Trunk is normal size, epiphysea cartilage is replaced by bone…
Inadequate growth hormone production, abnormal short bones
Excessive cartilage formation at epiphyseal cartilages
Overproduction of growth hormone before puberty, puberty dela…
Achondroplasia
Trunk is normal size, epiphysea cartilage is replaced by bone…
Pituitary growth failure
Inadequate growth hormone production, abnormal short bones
25 terms
Generalized Developmental Abnormalities of Bone
Achondroplasia
Achondroplasia
Hypochondroplasia
Thanatophoric
Mutation in FGF Receptor 3 gene (Gain of Function mutation)... M…
Abnormal bone growth... Short stature... Disproportionate short arm…
FGFR3 Allelic heterogeneity... Lys -> Asn
FGFR3 Allelic heterogeneity... Lys -> Glu... Lethal
Achondroplasia
Mutation in FGF Receptor 3 gene (Gain of Function mutation)... M…
Achondroplasia
Abnormal bone growth... Short stature... Disproportionate short arm…
18 terms
CKD Bone/Mineral Abnormalities
What are 4 features of the spectrum ab…
What are the two major clinical conseq…
Describe the pathogenesis of hyperpara…
Ultimately, what are the two keys to p…
1. secondary hyperparathyroidism... - SHPT... 2. adynamic bone dise…
1. increased risk of bone fractures... 2. increased risk of vasc…
1. CKD results in reduced phosphate clearance... 2. elevated pho…
hyperphosphatemia and vit D deficiency
What are 4 features of the spectrum ab…
1. secondary hyperparathyroidism... - SHPT... 2. adynamic bone dise…
What are the two major clinical conseq…
1. increased risk of bone fractures... 2. increased risk of vasc…
23 terms
Developmental Abnormalities of Bone
Achondroplasia
FGFR3
G380R mutation results in?
Achondroplasia has what inheritance?
spontaneous mutation in FGFR3
negatively regulates bone growth
GAIN of FUNCTION w/ increased activation of FGFR --> decrease…
autosomal dominant
Achondroplasia
spontaneous mutation in FGFR3
FGFR3
negatively regulates bone growth
13 terms
Navicular Bone Radiographic Abnormalities
Standard views of NB
Navicular degeneration
What does the navicular bone/heel appa…
Radiographic changes with Navicular de…
- LM... - high coronary... - flexor sjyline (palmaroproximal-palmar…
- clinical disease associated with pain arising from navicula…
- navicular bone... - impar ligament... - DDF... - collateral ligament…
- DISTAL border of NB = increase in size and number of synovi…
Standard views of NB
- LM... - high coronary... - flexor sjyline (palmaroproximal-palmar…
Navicular degeneration
- clinical disease associated with pain arising from navicula…
13 terms
Gereralized abnormalities in bone developement
Achondraplasia
Why is there poor bone developement in…
Hypochondraplasia... Thanatophoric dyspla…
Osteogensis imperfecta
Spontanious mutation: FGFR3 - conversion of a glycine to ar…
Gain of function mutation... Autosomal dominant 100% penetrance…
H- Same thng but milder version ... T- Gain of function lethal.…
Defect in conective tissue -type I collagen defect... Types I-…
Achondraplasia
Spontanious mutation: FGFR3 - conversion of a glycine to ar…
Why is there poor bone developement in…
Gain of function mutation... Autosomal dominant 100% penetrance…
16 terms
Growth and development abnormalities of bone
Growth and development abnormalities
Chondroplasia (chondrodystrophia fetal…
Osteopetrosis (petros=rock)
Congenital cortical hyperostosis of pigs
1. Hereditary (true malformations)... 2. Deformities (acquired)
Defective endochondrial ossification - disproportionate (shor…
Inherited disease in which defective osteoclasts fails to rea…
Affected long bones characterized by exaggerated appositional…
Growth and development abnormalities
1. Hereditary (true malformations)... 2. Deformities (acquired)
Chondroplasia (chondrodystrophia fetal…
Defective endochondrial ossification - disproportionate (shor…
15 terms
generalized developmental abnormalities of bone
mutations in fibroblast growth factor…
hypochondroplasia
Thanatophoric dysplasia
mutation in type I osteogenesis imperf…
glycine to arginine via a G to A pt mutation at position 1138…
Lys to asn via a G to T or C at 1950... short stature... micromeli…
lethal... lys to glu via a A to G change at 1948 - tyrosine kina…
lysne to arginine in the COL1A1 gene
mutations in fibroblast growth factor…
glycine to arginine via a G to A pt mutation at position 1138…
hypochondroplasia
Lys to asn via a G to T or C at 1950... short stature... micromeli…
36 terms
Abnormalities of Bone Development and Structure
What are some hereditary and congenita…
What are the types of acquired disease…
Of the hereditary and congenital disor…
Of the hereditary and congenital disor…
Dysostoses... Dysplasia (Achondroplasia)... Osteogenesis Imperfecta…
Osteoporosis... Ricketts/Osteomalacia... Hyperparathyroidism... Renal…
Dysplasia
Dysostoses
What are some hereditary and congenita…
Dysostoses... Dysplasia (Achondroplasia)... Osteogenesis Imperfecta…
What are the types of acquired disease…
Osteoporosis... Ricketts/Osteomalacia... Hyperparathyroidism... Renal…
8 terms
Abnormal Bone Growth and Development
What Disorders Caused Shortened Bones
Pituitary Growth Failure
Achondroplasia
Disorders Causing Lengthened Bones
Pituitary Growth Failure and Achondroplasia,
Reduction in growth hormone leads to reduced epiphyseal carti…
Epiphyseal cartilage grows unusually slowly. Limbs are short,…
Marfan Syndrome, Giantism
What Disorders Caused Shortened Bones
Pituitary Growth Failure and Achondroplasia,
Pituitary Growth Failure
Reduction in growth hormone leads to reduced epiphyseal carti…
10 terms
Abnormal Bone Growth
pituitary dwarf (3)
gigantism (3)
acromegaly (2)
marfans syndrome
below 4'10 ... normal life span... cause bc not enough GH produced
too much GH produced ... not a normal life span... normal size he…
GH released after puberty stops... all bones except long bones…
extra wide epiphyseal plates
pituitary dwarf (3)
below 4'10 ... normal life span... cause bc not enough GH produced
gigantism (3)
too much GH produced ... not a normal life span... normal size he…
20 terms
Normal and Abnormal Bone Growth
What can be used to determine the age…
Bone formation
Intramembranous ossification
Endochondral ossification
Ossification centres
From mesenchyme via appositional growth
Mesenchyme replaced directly by bone... Spongy bone formed firs…
At ends of long bones at growth plate
What can be used to determine the age…
Ossification centres
Bone formation
From mesenchyme via appositional growth
75 terms
Test Over Bone Histology, Ossification, and Abnormalities
Dense outer layer of bone, supports we…
Network of trabeculae (little beams) s…
Shaft of long bone; thick collar of co…
A dense membrane composed of fibrous c…
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone (Network Bone)
Diaphysis
Periosteum
Dense outer layer of bone, supports we…
Compact Bone
Network of trabeculae (little beams) s…
Spongy Bone (Network Bone)
6 terms
6.8 Abnormalities in Bone Growth
Explain pituitary growth failure:
Explain achondroplasia:
Explain marfan syndrome:
Explain gigantism:
-inadequate production of growth hormone leads to... reduced ep…
-results from abnormal epiphyseal activity... -the epiphyseal ca…
-very tall with long slender limbs due to excessive cartilage…
-results from an overproduction of growth hormone before... pub…
Explain pituitary growth failure:
-inadequate production of growth hormone leads to... reduced ep…
Explain achondroplasia:
-results from abnormal epiphyseal activity... -the epiphyseal ca…
10 terms
Congenital bone and soft tissue abnormalities
osteopetrosis ... 1p21... acidification of p…
dysostosis
dysplasia
osteogenesis imperfecta... alpha 1 and 2…
thick erlenmyer flask ends chromososmelost bone marrow, infec…
local disorganisation of coledgen dep
glabal coledgen dep disorder
type 1 coledgen abnormal... fractures and deformities, child abu…
osteopetrosis ... 1p21... acidification of p…
thick erlenmyer flask ends chromososmelost bone marrow, infec…
dysostosis
local disorganisation of coledgen dep
45 terms
Anatomy Exam 2 Bone Abnormalities
Periostitis
Ostitis
Arthritis
Osteomyleitis
Inflammation of the bone surface (periosteum)
Inflammation of the bone
Inflammation of the joint
Infection of the bone
Periostitis
Inflammation of the bone surface (periosteum)
Ostitis
Inflammation of the bone
16 terms
Recognizing Abnormalities in Bone Density-2
Radiologic findings- decreased bone de…
Diseases that cause low bone density
Osteoporosis-risk factors, definition
Osteoporosis-diagnosing
-Increase in overall lucency... -Loss of normal trabeculae... -Cort…
-Osteoporosis ... -Hyperparathyroidism... -Osteoclastic metastatic…
Low bone mineral density... -Increased osteoclastic activity... Ri…
X-rays are not sensitive... -50% bone loss present prior to reco…
Radiologic findings- decreased bone de…
-Increase in overall lucency... -Loss of normal trabeculae... -Cort…
Diseases that cause low bone density
-Osteoporosis ... -Hyperparathyroidism... -Osteoclastic metastatic…
22 terms
bone cancer and abnormalities and a+p
osteosarcoma
chondrosarcoma
osteochondrodysplasia
osteochondrosis lesions
malignant, cancer of bone
malignant, cancer of the cartilage
abnormailty in bone growth
cartilaginous flap, growth defect
osteosarcoma
malignant, cancer of bone
chondrosarcoma
malignant, cancer of the cartilage
17 terms
Recognizing Abnormalities of Bone Density 1
Cortex, medullary cavity, and corticom…
Bone growth in length and girth
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
1. Cortex: smooth white shell of varying thickness.... 2. Medull…
...
Outer shell of all bones, supports entire body, contains oste…
-Lattice of threads/rods called trabeculae.... -Orientation of t…
Cortex, medullary cavity, and corticom…
1. Cortex: smooth white shell of varying thickness.... 2. Medull…
Bone growth in length and girth
...
17 terms
Bone Diseases & Abnormal Spinal Curvatures
arthritis
gouty arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
osteoarthritis
inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness
too much uric acid in the blood causes an attack of sudden pa…
autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks parts…
degenerative condition that is a result of increased wear and…
arthritis
inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness
gouty arthritis
too much uric acid in the blood causes an attack of sudden pa…
23 terms
Introduction to Bone Diseases and Developmental Abnormalities
diaphysis
metaphysis
epiphysis
Osteoblasts
the tubular shaft of the bone
wider part at the extremity of the shaft
end of the bone; in the young, it is separated from the metap…
On bone surface ... Arise from marrow mesenchymal cells ... Synthes…
diaphysis
the tubular shaft of the bone
metaphysis
wider part at the extremity of the shaft
33 terms
Vascular and Bone abnormalities in CKD-MBD
what is the HUGE problem associated wi…
what is the action of increased FGF23?
secondary hyperparathyroidism comes ab…
how does FGF23 increase in concentrati…
secondary hyperparathyroidism -- ... 1. make less vit D & can't…
decrease vitamin D activity... promotes phosphate excretion
can't maintain normal Ca levels
because of increased levels of phosphate; normally FGF23 woul…
what is the HUGE problem associated wi…
secondary hyperparathyroidism -- ... 1. make less vit D & can't…
what is the action of increased FGF23?
decrease vitamin D activity... promotes phosphate excretion
26 terms
Biochem: - Generalized Developmental Abnormalities of Bone
What gene is mutated in achondroplasia…
What is the inheritance pattern for ac…
What kind of mutation occurs in Achond…
Osteogenesis Imperfecta is caused by m…
FGFR3... (aka G1138A aka G380R)... Glycine (G of G380R) is replace…
80% are new mutations... It is autosomal dominant (will not ski…
GAIN OF FUNCTION mutation in the FGFR3 RECEPTOR ... - will have…
It involves the collagen gene:... - if the glycine amino acids a…
What gene is mutated in achondroplasia…
FGFR3... (aka G1138A aka G380R)... Glycine (G of G380R) is replace…
What is the inheritance pattern for ac…
80% are new mutations... It is autosomal dominant (will not ski…
26 terms
Biochem: - Generalized Developmental Abnormalities of Bone
What gene is mutated in achondroplasia…
What is the inheritance pattern for ac…
What kind of mutation occurs in Achond…
Osteogenesis Imperfecta is caused by m…
FGFR3... (aka G1138A aka G380R)... Glycine (G of G380R) is replace…
80% are new mutations... It is autosomal dominant (will not ski…
GAIN OF FUNCTION mutation in the FGFR3 RECEPTOR ... - will have…
It involves the collagen gene:... - if the glycine amino acids a…
What gene is mutated in achondroplasia…
FGFR3... (aka G1138A aka G380R)... Glycine (G of G380R) is replace…
What is the inheritance pattern for ac…
80% are new mutations... It is autosomal dominant (will not ski…
10 terms
Radiology: Systemic Approach to Bone and Joint Abnormalities
Cyma Line:
Talar Declination Angle:
Calcaneal Inclination Angle:
Sesamoid Position:
-Lazy S between CC and TN joint.... -Pronation causes *anterior…
-Perpendicular to points formed by *superior articulation of…
-Anterior plantar calcaneal tuberosity to plantar *CC joint…
-Normal is 1 (out of 7). With tibial sesamoid.... -Position 4 se…
Cyma Line:
-Lazy S between CC and TN joint.... -Pronation causes *anterior…
Talar Declination Angle:
-Perpendicular to points formed by *superior articulation of…
12 terms
Health science diseases/abnormalities in bones
Arthritis
Bursitis
Fracture
Dislocation
Painful inflamation and stiffnes of joints
When the bursa is inflamed
The continuity of the bone is broken
Bone slips out of joint
Arthritis
Painful inflamation and stiffnes of joints
Bursitis
When the bursa is inflamed
10 terms
Chapter 6: Abnormal Bone Growth
Abnormal Bone Growth
Pituitary Growth Failure
Achondroplasia
Disorders Causing Shortened Bones
-endocrine and metabolic problems can affect the skeletal sys…
-reduction in growth hormone leads to reduced epiphyseal cart…
-epiphyseal cartilage grows unusually slow ... -limbs are short…
-pituitary growth failure... -achondroplasia
Abnormal Bone Growth
-endocrine and metabolic problems can affect the skeletal sys…
Pituitary Growth Failure
-reduction in growth hormone leads to reduced epiphyseal cart…
8 terms
6.9 Abnormal Bone Growth
pituitary growth failure
achondroplasia
Marfans syndrome
congential talipes equinovarus
inadequate production of growth hormone leads to reduced epip…
abnormal epiphyseal cartilage
very tall and long slender limbs due to excessive cartilage f…
abnormal musce development that distorts growing bones and jo…
pituitary growth failure
inadequate production of growth hormone leads to reduced epip…
achondroplasia
abnormal epiphyseal cartilage
28 terms
Musculoskeletal Midterm - Bone infection and Abnormal Bone Healing
Osteomyelitis
Does "osteomyelitis" describe a causat…
3 ways we classify osteomyelitis:
Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis: who…
inflammtion and infection of the bone and its marrow contents
No. Causitive agent identification will be key to determining…
Duration, route of infection, and host response
Young animals, espeically foals. Likely from infected umbilic…
Osteomyelitis
inflammtion and infection of the bone and its marrow contents
Does "osteomyelitis" describe a causat…
No. Causitive agent identification will be key to determining…
16 terms
Abnormal Bone Conditions, Abnormalities of the Spine, Bone diseases (Anatomy Quiz Set 8)
bone spurs
osteoporosis
rheumatoid arthritis
bursitis
abnormal growth, can occur on any bone (like the heel)
increased osteoclasts can cause a broken down bone, fewer min…
autoimmune disorder that causes joint stiffness and bone defo…
inflammation of the fluid filled sac surrounding the joint
bone spurs
abnormal growth, can occur on any bone (like the heel)
osteoporosis
increased osteoclasts can cause a broken down bone, fewer min…
29 terms
Radiology: Systematic Approach to Bone and Joint abnormalities
Soft tissues
Radiolucent:
Radiopaque:
Bones
1. Density: ☝or 👇... 2. Volume: signs of edema or atrophy.... 3. Ac…
-subcutaneous fat.... -air... -gas gangrene
-calcification -blood vessel.... -ossificsation... -acute Periostea…
-must be familiar with normal anatomy.... -know normal appearanc…
Soft tissues
1. Density: ☝or 👇... 2. Volume: signs of edema or atrophy.... 3. Ac…
Radiolucent:
-subcutaneous fat.... -air... -gas gangrene
22 terms
Imaging - Rec Bone Abnormalities 1/2
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Radiograph of Cortex
Radiograph of medullary cavity
- outer shell of all bones ... - supports entire body ... - contain…
- lattice of threads/rods called trabeculae ... - orientation of…
- white... - thickness varies by area/bone... - seen best when x-…
- grey ... - blood vessels ... - fat (yellow marrow)... - RBCs (red…
Compact Bone
- outer shell of all bones ... - supports entire body ... - contain…
Spongy Bone
- lattice of threads/rods called trabeculae ... - orientation of…
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