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Study sets matching "absolutism unit 3"

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Study sets matching "absolutism unit 3"

31 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism
Divine Right monarchy
Militant religion
huguenont
ultra catholic
belief that monarchs are placed in authority by God, and thus…
belief that religion should be violently defended against thr…
French protestant
militant Catholics during the 30 years war
Divine Right monarchy
belief that monarchs are placed in authority by God, and thus…
Militant religion
belief that religion should be violently defended against thr…
29 terms
Unit 3 Absolutism
Hapsburg Empire
Charles V
Philip II
absolute monarch
Ruled by Charles V starting in 1519, the empire consisted of…
Absolute monarch of Spain and the Hapsburg Empire. Fought man…
Son of Charles V, took over the Spanish empire. Philip II exp…
a ruler with complete authority over the government and the l…
Hapsburg Empire
Ruled by Charles V starting in 1519, the empire consisted of…
Charles V
Absolute monarch of Spain and the Hapsburg Empire. Fought man…
33 terms
unit 3- absolutism
absoutism
divine right
armada
moriscos
placing absolute power in the hands of monarchs and their adv…
the belief that monarchs received their power directly from G…
a fleet of warships organized to carry out a mission
Muslims that converted to Christianity
absoutism
placing absolute power in the hands of monarchs and their adv…
divine right
the belief that monarchs received their power directly from G…
15 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism and Enlightenment
Absolute monarchy
Absolutism
Constitutional Monarchy
Divine Right of Kings
A king or queen who rules over an entire nation with complete…
The principle of complete and unrestricted government power t…
A form of government in which a Parliament makes all the laws…
Kings derived their authority from God and could not be held…
Absolute monarchy
A king or queen who rules over an entire nation with complete…
Absolutism
The principle of complete and unrestricted government power t…
32 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism Vocabulary
Hapsburg Empire
Charles V
Philip II
Absolute monarch
Central European empire that lasted from the 1400s to the 190…
This was the Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of W…
(1527-1598) King of Spain from 1556 to 1598. Absolute monarch…
A system of government in which the head of state is a heredi…
Hapsburg Empire
Central European empire that lasted from the 1400s to the 190…
Charles V
This was the Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of W…
16 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism & Enlightenment
Absolute Monarchy
Absolutism
Charles-Louis Montesquieu
Constitutional Monarchy
A king or queen who rules over an entire nation.
Complete and unrestricted government power that was usually i…
From France, wrote The Spirit of Laws and believed in separat…
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is li…
Absolute Monarchy
A king or queen who rules over an entire nation.
Absolutism
Complete and unrestricted government power that was usually i…
30 terms
Unit 3: Age of Absolutism
Stuarts
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Hapsburgs
Cardinal Richelieu
(ENG) The reigning English monarchs, and non-examples of abso…
(FR) Louis XIV's minister of finance, and a major proponent o…
(HRE) The reigning Austrian monarchs and the continual line o…
(FR) Louis XIII's chief advisor. He was strongly anti-Hapsbur…
Stuarts
(ENG) The reigning English monarchs, and non-examples of abso…
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
(FR) Louis XIV's minister of finance, and a major proponent o…
15 terms
Unit 3 Age of Absolutism and Enlightenment
Absolute Monarchy
Absolutism
Constitutional Monarchy
Divine Right of Kings
An Absolute Monarchy is a king or queen who rules over an ent…
was the principle of complete and unrestricted government pow…
a form of government in which a Parliament makes all of the l…
meant that Kings derived their authority from God and could n…
Absolute Monarchy
An Absolute Monarchy is a king or queen who rules over an ent…
Absolutism
was the principle of complete and unrestricted government pow…
37 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism to Revolution
Spanish Golden Age
Naval Supremacy Questioned
Defender of the Earth
Philip II
*Height of Spanish Culture*... -Decided to patron 2 famous Spa…
Fleet called the Spanish Armada (feared by all countries). In…
Philip became the defender of the Catholic church. Truly beli…
Best example of an absolute monarch in Spain. Ruled from 1556…
Spanish Golden Age
*Height of Spanish Culture*... -Decided to patron 2 famous Spa…
Naval Supremacy Questioned
Fleet called the Spanish Armada (feared by all countries). In…
46 terms
Unit 3: Exploration and Absolutism
Prince Henry the Navigator
Bartholomeu Dias
Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus
Prince of Portugal who sponsored voyages along the coast of W…
Was a Portuguese explorer who was the first European to round…
Portuguese explorer who the first European to reach India by…
Italian explorer who sailed for Spain in search of a way to r…
Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince of Portugal who sponsored voyages along the coast of W…
Bartholomeu Dias
Was a Portuguese explorer who was the first European to round…
47 terms
Unit 3: Exploration and Absolutism
Prince Henry the Navigator
Bartholomeu Dias
Vasco de Gama
Christopher Columbus
A Portuguese prince who organized ocean voyages and expansion…
A Portuguese nobleman and explorer who sailed around the sout…
A Portuguese explorer who was the first to reach India by sea…
An Italian explorer who was hired by the Spanish royalty Ferd…
Prince Henry the Navigator
A Portuguese prince who organized ocean voyages and expansion…
Bartholomeu Dias
A Portuguese nobleman and explorer who sailed around the sout…
53 terms
Unit 3: Colonization and Absolutism
Black Legend
Colony
Viceroy
Salutary neglect
Body of traditional literature on Spanish conquest that demon…
A country or area under the full or partial political control…
A Spanish representative of the king who ruled colonized area…
British policy that allowed colonists could create local laws…
Black Legend
Body of traditional literature on Spanish conquest that demon…
Colony
A country or area under the full or partial political control…
11 terms
World History Unit 3.1- Absolutism
Huguenots
Intendant
Versailles
Levee
French Protestants
French royal officials who collected taxes and recruited sold…
immense palace of Louis XIV
a major ritual of Louis XIV
Huguenots
French Protestants
Intendant
French royal officials who collected taxes and recruited sold…
9 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism
8 Characteristics of Absolutism
Monarchy: Administrative vs Absolute
Differences: Absolutism vs. Totalitari…
Similarities: Absolutism vs. Totalitar…
1. Rule by divine right... 2. Control competing jurisdictions an…
Administrative is limited in many places where Absolute is not.
Totalitarianism controls ALL aspects of life while the ambiti…
They both seek to glorify the state and distract from domesti…
8 Characteristics of Absolutism
1. Rule by divine right... 2. Control competing jurisdictions an…
Monarchy: Administrative vs Absolute
Administrative is limited in many places where Absolute is not.
26 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism
Philip II
Absolute Monarch
Divine Right
Edict of Nantes
Best example of an absolute monarch in Spain. Known as the De…
Kings or queens who held all of their power within their stat…
The idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch a…
The declaration of religious toleration
Philip II
Best example of an absolute monarch in Spain. Known as the De…
Absolute Monarch
Kings or queens who held all of their power within their stat…
30 terms
Unit 3 Vocab- Absolutism
William of Orange
States General
Dutch East India Company
Absolutism
-the grandson of William the Silent and the hereditary chief…
-The central government, embodied in the ____________________…
-The Dutch traders established a major presence in East Asia,…
-term applied to strong centralized continental monarchies th…
William of Orange
-the grandson of William the Silent and the hereditary chief…
States General
-The central government, embodied in the ____________________…
15 terms
Unit 3 - Absolutism
Charles suppressed Protestantism in th…
defend the Catholic Reformation.
that French Protestants would not be p…
He took complete control of the govern…
What was a major cause within the empire of King Charles V?
An important goal of Philip II of Spain was to
In 1598, the Edict of Nantes helped to ensure
How did Louis XIV govern France in 1661 after the death of hi…
Charles suppressed Protestantism in th…
What was a major cause within the empire of King Charles V?
defend the Catholic Reformation.
An important goal of Philip II of Spain was to
16 terms
Unit 3- Absolutism Terms
Spanish Armada
Balance of Power
St. Bartholomew's Day
Versailles
-Largest Spanish fleet ever assembled... -Defeated by English sh…
-Alliances... -Distribution of military and economic power that…
-Massacre of Huguenots... -Symbol of the complete breakdown orde…
-Created by Louis XIV... -Symbol of the kings wealth and power
Spanish Armada
-Largest Spanish fleet ever assembled... -Defeated by English sh…
Balance of Power
-Alliances... -Distribution of military and economic power that…
15 terms
Unit 3: Age of Absolutism and Enlightenment
Absolute Monarchy
Absolutism
Constitutional Monarchy
Divine Right of Kings
An Absolute Monarchy is a king or queen who rules over an ent…
was the principle of complete and unrestricted government pow…
a form of government in which a Parliament makes all of the l…
meant that Kings derived their authority from God and could n…
Absolute Monarchy
An Absolute Monarchy is a king or queen who rules over an ent…
Absolutism
was the principle of complete and unrestricted government pow…
Unit 3: Absolutism
Ex. Of nation who centralized power an…
What is Lay Investiture
Taille
Tithe
Spain
Laity(in this case, monarchs) chose church officials/clergy
Tax levied onto commoners by King
Tenth of individuals income pledged to church
Ex. Of nation who centralized power an…
Spain
What is Lay Investiture
Laity(in this case, monarchs) chose church officials/clergy
24 terms
Absolutism - Unit 3 Terms
Edict of Nantes
Peace of Alais
Paulette
Bourgeoisie
-religious toleration ... -private fortification
takes away private fortification of from Edict of Nantes
tax on land
middle class people
Edict of Nantes
-religious toleration ... -private fortification
Peace of Alais
takes away private fortification of from Edict of Nantes
53 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism
divine right
Westernization
Absolutism
Phillip II
rulers believed they were given the right to rule by god, tha…
Peter the Great attempt to take after western Europe since th…
the idea that rulers have total power and control over all th…
Charles V son who gaining Spanish colonies and Netherlands, v…
divine right
rulers believed they were given the right to rule by god, tha…
Westernization
Peter the Great attempt to take after western Europe since th…
18 terms
Unit 3 Absolutism
abasement
cower
absolution
plethora
humiliation; degradation
recoil in fear or servility; shrink away from
forgiveness; pardon; release
excess
abasement
humiliation; degradation
cower
recoil in fear or servility; shrink away from
23 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism Review
What are the three reasons for the gro…
What is an Absolute Monarch?
What is divine right?
Who is Phillip II of Spain?
1. End of feudalism & the dark ages ... 2. Growth of cities ... 3.…
Kings or Queens who held power in their state; controlled eve…
God created monarch; Kings/Queens are Gods representatives
Gained great wealth from Spanish colonies; Built armies, wage…
What are the three reasons for the gro…
1. End of feudalism & the dark ages ... 2. Growth of cities ... 3.…
What is an Absolute Monarch?
Kings or Queens who held power in their state; controlled eve…
24 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism
How does power and authority change du…
Explain the difference between power a…
Identify various examples of power and…
What were sources of political power
The church lost power (from Luther and the Bubonic Plague) an…
Power: kings used their military and wealth (Palace of Versai…
military, kings/fiefs, and art/artwork
mercantilism, reformation and nobility
How does power and authority change du…
The church lost power (from Luther and the Bubonic Plague) an…
Explain the difference between power a…
Power: kings used their military and wealth (Palace of Versai…
16 terms
Unit 3 Absolutism, Enlightenment, Revolution
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
Absolutism
Divine Right
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
A popular philosophical movement of the 1700s that focused on…
A form of government, usually hereditary monarchy, in which t…
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
Scientific Revolution
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s…
Enlightenment
A popular philosophical movement of the 1700s that focused on…
71 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism and The Scientific Revolution
Absolute Monarchy
Absolutism
Baroque Art
Battle of Mohács
"Absolute" monarchy form of government in which sovereignty i…
A system of ruling were monarchs reduced the political power…
Av controversial term applied to late 17c to early 18c style…
(August 29, 1526), decisive defeat of Hungary by the Turks, w…
Absolute Monarchy
"Absolute" monarchy form of government in which sovereignty i…
Absolutism
A system of ruling were monarchs reduced the political power…
31 terms
Absolutism/ Unit 3/ Absolutism Test
Time span of Absolutism:
Louis XIV was from...
Peter the Great was from...
Europeans were fighting over...
1500s- The French Revolution
France
Russia
Dominance in Europe
Time span of Absolutism:
1500s- The French Revolution
Louis XIV was from...
France
14 terms
Unit 3 Civ - Absolutism
Absolutism
Divine Right
Effects of absolutism
Habsburg monarchy
King or queen has complete control over government & its peop…
What monarchs based their claim on; said that authority comes…
Regulation of religion & society, loss of power by nobility &…
Ruling family in Spain (Phillip II ruled Spain, Netherlands,…
Absolutism
King or queen has complete control over government & its peop…
Divine Right
What monarchs based their claim on; said that authority comes…
26 terms
Unit 3.1 Absolutism
Phillip II
absolute monarch
the divine right
Edict of Nantes
`inherited Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the American c…
kings or queens who held all of their power within their stat…
the idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch a…
declaration of religious tolerance to France it stopped the p…
Phillip II
`inherited Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the American c…
absolute monarch
kings or queens who held all of their power within their stat…
52 terms
Absolutism- Unit 3
Spanish Armada
Cardinal Richelieu
intendants
Jean-Baptist Colbert
Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in Augus…
worked to take power away from nobles and political rights aw…
Monarchy's representatives in the provinces that made up Fran…
He followed strong policies to promote economic development i…
Spanish Armada
Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in Augus…
Cardinal Richelieu
worked to take power away from nobles and political rights aw…
161 terms
Unit 3 - absolutism/constitutionalism
Grand Monarque
universal monarchy
Sun King
Franche Comte
Louis XIV, intrigued by secret alliances with republicans in…
the concept of one monarch having world power
nickname for Louis XIII, because he was the center of France
French speaking region between Burgundy and Switzerland, owne…
Grand Monarque
Louis XIV, intrigued by secret alliances with republicans in…
universal monarchy
the concept of one monarch having world power
35 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism & Enlightenment
James I of England
Divine Right
Charles I of England
Cavaliers/Roundheads
~Ruled by Divine right of kings... ~Debt... ~Parliament power strug…
~Belief that God chose the king... *King = voice of god on earth…
~Raising taxes without parliament's consent... ~Uniform religiou…
~Cavaliers... *Royalists (for king)... ~Roundheads... *Puritans (for p…
James I of England
~Ruled by Divine right of kings... ~Debt... ~Parliament power strug…
Divine Right
~Belief that God chose the king... *King = voice of god on earth…
102 terms
AP Euro Unit 3: Absolutism in Western Europe
Sovereignty/sovereign
Absolutism
Divine Right
Bureaucracy
Condition held by a state or person that possesses a monopoly…
A form of government, usually hereditary monarchy, in which t…
Idea that monarchs have a right to rule granted to them by God
A system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the…
Sovereignty/sovereign
Condition held by a state or person that possesses a monopoly…
Absolutism
A form of government, usually hereditary monarchy, in which t…
35 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
Absolutism
Constitutionalism
Louis XIV
Richelieu
the belief that a monarch/ruler has absolute power, accompani…
- Written/ Unwritten set of beliefs that limit the power of t…
-Ruled France without a chief minister after Cardinal Mazarin…
- advisor to Louis XIII ... - defended huguenots (FRANCE)... - took…
Absolutism
the belief that a monarch/ruler has absolute power, accompani…
Constitutionalism
- Written/ Unwritten set of beliefs that limit the power of t…
8 terms
SS- Unit 3/ Absolutism
monarch
absolute monarchy
constitutional monarchy
divine right theory
a king or queen
type of government, king or queen who has absolute power (doe…
type of government, parliament makes the laws, king and queen…
kings/queens got their power from god, questioning them is qu…
monarch
a king or queen
absolute monarchy
type of government, king or queen who has absolute power (doe…
43 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism, Constitutionalism and State Building
Thirty Year's War
Philip II
mercantilism
divine right
A war between the Spain and English over the right to choose…
Ruler of Spain that stole money from America to build the Spa…
The belief in the benefits of profitable trading.
The God given right to rule.
Thirty Year's War
A war between the Spain and English over the right to choose…
Philip II
Ruler of Spain that stole money from America to build the Spa…
9 terms
Unit 3 Absolutism and Enlightment
Absolute Monarch
Absolutism
Consititualtional Monachy
Deism
A king or Queen who rules over a certain entire nation
The principle of complete an unrestricted government power th…
Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a ki…
The belief in which God created the universe and destroyed it
Absolute Monarch
A king or Queen who rules over a certain entire nation
Absolutism
The principle of complete an unrestricted government power th…
43 terms
unit 3: absolutism and enlightment
indulgences
John Wycliffe
Jan Huss
Protestant Reformation
slip of paper signed by pope with guarantee to heaven
believed the Church should give up its worldly possessions
preached against the immorality and worldliness of the Church
protest against the wrongdoings of the church
indulgences
slip of paper signed by pope with guarantee to heaven
John Wycliffe
believed the Church should give up its worldly possessions
26 terms
Unit 3: Absolutism and Enlightenment
Divine Right
Henry IV
Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu and Mazarin
Deriving the right to govern directly from God
In 1589, a Huguenot prince inherited the French throne as ___…
When Henry IV was killed by an assassin in 1610, his nine-yea…
Louis appointed_________ as his chief minister.And, Richelieu…
Divine Right
Deriving the right to govern directly from God
Henry IV
In 1589, a Huguenot prince inherited the French throne as ___…
77 terms
Unit 3 Age of Absolutism
monarchial power when ruler has comple…
Charles V
French Civil War
issued Edict of Nantes, protected prot…
absolutism
Who was Ferdinand and Isabella's grandson?
What war involved Huguenots vs. Catholics?
What did King Henry IV do?
monarchial power when ruler has comple…
absolutism
Charles V
Who was Ferdinand and Isabella's grandson?
15 terms
Unit 3: Exploration and Absolutism
Ferdinand Magellan
John Cabot
Francisco Pizzaro
Vasco da Gama
His ship 1st to circumnavigate the world, but was killed in t…
Sailed for England, explored Canada and New England
Explored Peru, conquered the Inca
1st to sail around Africa to India
Ferdinand Magellan
His ship 1st to circumnavigate the world, but was killed in t…
John Cabot
Sailed for England, explored Canada and New England
34 terms
Unit 3 exploration and absolutism
What motivations propelled exploration?
God
Gold
Glory
Gold, God and Glory
Expand religion
Gold and other raw materials makes $$$
Giving land to your country and in return geting power for yo…
What motivations propelled exploration?
Gold, God and Glory
God
Expand religion
15 terms
Unit 3 Absolutism and Constitutionalism
Jacques Bossuet
Jean Bodin
Louis XIV
Jean -Baptiste Colbert
French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and ot…
French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlem…
known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of th…
French politician who served as the minister of finances of f…
Jacques Bossuet
French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and ot…
Jean Bodin
French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlem…
11 terms
UNIT 3 ABSOLUTISM AND ENLIGHTMENT
absolutism
enlightment
laissez-faire
natural rights
...the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in poli…
a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th ce…
...a policy or attitude of letting things take their own cour…
...John Locke. John Locke (1632-1704) was another prominent W…
absolutism
...the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in poli…
enlightment
a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th ce…
15 terms
UNIT 3: Absolutism :< and Enlightenment!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Absolutism
Monarchy
Enlightenment
Natural Rights
Ruling with complete power over everything
Ruled by a king/queen; the throne is inherited by family
European intellectual/political movement that emphasized reas…
God-given rights; life, liberty, and property
Absolutism
Ruling with complete power over everything
Monarchy
Ruled by a king/queen; the throne is inherited by family
52 terms
Unit 3: Constitutionalism and Absolutism
William III of Orange
Dutch East India Company
Political absolutism
Parliamentary monarchy
Led European coalition against France (XIV), King of England
...
...
...
William III of Orange
Led European coalition against France (XIV), King of England
Dutch East India Company
...
53 terms
Unit 3: Constitutionalism and Absolutism
William III of Orange
Dutch East India Company
Political absolutism
Parliamentary monarchy
Grandson of William the Silent, rallied Dutch and led entire…
Foundation of Dutch seabourne empire
"Power to the king"
"Power to parliament"
William III of Orange
Grandson of William the Silent, rallied Dutch and led entire…
Dutch East India Company
Foundation of Dutch seabourne empire
26 terms
UNIT 3: absolutism and constitutionalism
long term causes of absolute monarch i…
long term effects of absolute monarch…
characteristics of absolutism:
absolute monarch:
- use of cities and the support of the middle class... - growth…
- westernization of Russia... - widespread political reforms in…
- reduced power of the nobles... - built palaces to display powe…
a king or queen who has total unlimited power and seeks to co…
long term causes of absolute monarch i…
- use of cities and the support of the middle class... - growth…
long term effects of absolute monarch…
- westernization of Russia... - widespread political reforms in…
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