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Study sets matching "accelerated chemistry"

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Study sets matching "accelerated chemistry"

86 terms
Accelerated Chemistry
Iridium and niobium
Possible decline of the... roman empire
Inmates in Illinois
Phromones
Found in rock cores samples: led scientists to theorize about…
Due to lead based pottery, water pipes and sopa (syrup)
Violent behavior due to high levels of cobalt
Allow insects to communicate
Iridium and niobium
Found in rock cores samples: led scientists to theorize about…
Possible decline of the... roman empire
Due to lead based pottery, water pipes and sopa (syrup)
22 terms
Accelerated Chemistry
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Compostion
potential energy
kinetic energy
Matter cannot be created or destroyed by ordinary physical or…
A pure substance is always composed of the same elements n th…
stored energy due to position or composition.
energy of motion
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter cannot be created or destroyed by ordinary physical or…
Law of Definite Compostion
A pure substance is always composed of the same elements n th…
79 terms
Accelerated Chemistry
Zinc symbol
Zinc location
Mercury symbol
Mercury location
Zn
Gr.12+ period 4
Hg
Gr. 12+ period 6
Zinc symbol
Zn
Zinc location
Gr.12+ period 4
Accelerated chemistry
12.5 cm = ? mm
.056 ml = ? L
Density
Mass of empty graduated cylinder = 24.…
12.5 mm
.000056 L or 5.6 x 10^-5 L
Mass / Volume
A. Density of the liquid is 1.6 g/ml... B. 50% with sf
12.5 cm = ? mm
12.5 mm
.056 ml = ? L
.000056 L or 5.6 x 10^-5 L
94 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Midterm 2015
What do chemists study?
What is Pure Science?
What is applied science?
What is scientific law?
Chemists study chemistry which is the study of matter and ene…
Pure science is the gathering of information or the discovery…
Applied science is the practical use of scientific informatio…
Scientific law is a fact or statement that relies on the natu…
What do chemists study?
Chemists study chemistry which is the study of matter and ene…
What is Pure Science?
Pure science is the gathering of information or the discovery…
38 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Ch 3
law of definite proportions
law of conservation of mass
law of multiple proportions
electron
the law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
the law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
a subatomic particle that has a negative electric charge
law of definite proportions
the law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
law of conservation of mass
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
242 terms
accelerated chemistry final review
non zero digits are
leading zeros are
trapped zeros
trailing significant
always significant
never significant
always significant
only significant when the number contains a decimal
non zero digits are
always significant
leading zeros are
never significant
17 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Ch. 4
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
All forms of electromagnetic radiation
The distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves (…
The number of waves that pass a given point in a specific tim…
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All forms of electromagnetic radiation
58 terms
Accelerated Chemistry: Unit 2
Lavoisier
Newland
Meyer
Mendeleev
He was beheaded during the french revolution.(1700) He did ex…
He was important in the mid 1800's. He created the law of oct…
He organized the first periodic table using the law of octaves.
He was the father of the periodic table. He organized the per…
Lavoisier
He was beheaded during the french revolution.(1700) He did ex…
Newland
He was important in the mid 1800's. He created the law of oct…
Accelerated Chemistry: Unit 3
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
metallic bonds
How many electrons are in a bond
An attraction between ions. (Cations and anions) They are in…
They are in compounds. There are two types polar, and nonpola…
They are present in metal elements.
2 electrons
ionic bonds
An attraction between ions. (Cations and anions) They are in…
covalent bonds
They are in compounds. There are two types polar, and nonpola…
29 terms
Accelerated Chemistry (THE PERIODIC TABLE)
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
How is the Modern Periodic Table diffe…
What did Henry Moseley do?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
Mendeleev's table based on increasing atomic mass was useful…
(1913) arranged elements according to the number of Protons i…
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
20 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Ch 4
periodic law
valence electron
group
period
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
a horizontal row of elements on the periodic table
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
Chemistry Accelerated: Carbon Fluxes
6CO2 + 6H20 + sunlight --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
CO2 + H2O --> H2CO3
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
C6H12O6 --> 3CH4 + 3CO2
Photosynthesis... Atmosphere --> Biosphere
Ocean Water Absorbing CO2... Atmosphere --> Hydrosphere
Plant Respiration... Biosphere --> Atmosphere
Soil Respiration (Decomposition)... Biosphere --> Atmosphere
6CO2 + 6H20 + sunlight --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Photosynthesis... Atmosphere --> Biosphere
CO2 + H2O --> H2CO3
Ocean Water Absorbing CO2... Atmosphere --> Hydrosphere
57 terms
Elements: Accelerated Chemistry
H
He
Li
Be
hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
hydrogen
He
Helium
242 terms
accelerated chemistry final review
non zero digits are
leading zeros are
trapped zeros
trailing significant
always significant
never significant
always significant
only significant when the number contains a decimal
non zero digits are
always significant
leading zeros are
never significant
30 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final Review
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
SI Units
Prefixes
certain and estimated digits... non zero digits: ALWAYS signific…
digit between 1-10 x 10^some number
time: second (s)... mass: kilogram (kg)... length: meter (m)... volume…
giga: 10^9... mega: 10^6... kilo: 10^3... hecto: 10^2... deka: 10^1... deci…
Significant Figures
certain and estimated digits... non zero digits: ALWAYS signific…
Scientific Notation
digit between 1-10 x 10^some number
74 terms
Accelerated Chemistry FINAL
chemistry
matter
mass
physical property
the science that investigates and explains the structure and…
anything that has mass and takes up space
the measure of the amount of matter an object contains
a characteristic of matter that can be observed only when the…
chemistry
the science that investigates and explains the structure and…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
152 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
What do chemists study?
Substance
Pure Science
Applied Science
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
Gaining knowledge for the sake of knowledge
Science undertaken to solve a specific problem
What do chemists study?
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Substance
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
242 terms
accelerated chemistry final review
non zero digits are
leading zeros are
trapped zeros
trailing significant
always significant
never significant
always significant
only significant when the number contains a decimal
non zero digits are
always significant
leading zeros are
never significant
26 terms
Periodic Table : Accelerated Chemistry
Periodic
Rows
Columns
Properties of Metals
like a cycle, the table is formatted in a way that each row i…
Periods
Families
-metallic luster... -solids at room temp (exception: mercury and…
Periodic
like a cycle, the table is formatted in a way that each row i…
Rows
Periods
20 terms
Molecules: Accelerated Chemistry
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electron
small, dense, positively charged part of atom- composed of pr…
positive, mass = 1 amu
neutral/ no charge, mass = 1 amu
negative charge, mass = 0 amu
Nucleus
small, dense, positively charged part of atom- composed of pr…
Proton
positive, mass = 1 amu
152 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
What do chemists study?
Substance
Pure Science
Applied Science
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
Gaining knowledge for the sake of knowledge
Science undertaken to solve a specific problem
What do chemists study?
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Substance
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
110 terms
Accelerated Chemistry. Semester 1.
Where is the Proton located?
How do you know the amount of Protons…
What is the charge of a Proton?
What is the mass of a Proton?
Nucleus
Atomic #
+
1 amu
Where is the Proton located?
Nucleus
How do you know the amount of Protons…
Atomic #
26 terms
Accelerated Chemistry: Winter Final
What is science?
What is chemistry?
What are some topics that involve chem…
What is matter?
Actively encompassing the study of the physical and nature wo…
The study of the composition of matter and how it changes.
Technology such as aspirin and nylon, agriculture, energy, ma…
Anything with mass that occupies space.
What is science?
Actively encompassing the study of the physical and nature wo…
What is chemistry?
The study of the composition of matter and how it changes.
18 terms
Accelerated Chemistry: Polyatomic Ions
NH₄⁺
C₂H₃O₂⁻ (CH₃COO⁻)
CN⁻
CO₃²⁻
Ammonium
Acetate
Cyanide
Carbonate
NH₄⁺
Ammonium
C₂H₃O₂⁻ (CH₃COO⁻)
Acetate
29 terms
Accelerated Chemistry (THE PERIODIC TABLE)
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
How is the Modern Periodic Table diffe…
What did Henry Moseley do?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
Mendeleev's table based on increasing atomic mass was useful…
(1913) arranged elements according to the number of Protons i…
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
62 terms
Semesters - Accelerated Chemistry
What are the decimal rules that apply…
What sublevel does each family put its…
List the correctly ordered steps to fo…
List the steps for the scientific method
Scientific: 1 number before decimal, 2 numbers after the deci…
Alkali Metals, Alkaline Earth Metals, Actinide Series, Lantha…
1. Clean the balance pan... 2. Push "tare" or "zero"... 3. Place co…
1. Problem... 2. Research... 3. Hypothesis... 4. Experiment... 5. Analyze…
What are the decimal rules that apply…
Scientific: 1 number before decimal, 2 numbers after the deci…
What sublevel does each family put its…
Alkali Metals, Alkaline Earth Metals, Actinide Series, Lantha…
33 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Unit 1
observations
conclusions
qualitative observations
quantitative observations
using your senses to collect evidence
using evidence and prior knowledge to make claims
observations involving your senses
observations including a number unit
observations
using your senses to collect evidence
conclusions
using evidence and prior knowledge to make claims
29 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Unit 1
Scientific Method
Steps of Scientific Method
Observing
Conclusion
A logical method of problem solving
1. Making observations that lead to a question... 2. Forming a h…
Use of the senses and devices in the lab that gather informat…
A statement based on observations and prior knowledge
Scientific Method
A logical method of problem solving
Steps of Scientific Method
1. Making observations that lead to a question... 2. Forming a h…
15 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
gas
Solid Particles
rigid, has a fixed shaped and volume
has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container
has no fixed shape and volume but takes the shape of the cont…
packed together tightly
Solid
rigid, has a fixed shaped and volume
Liquid
has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container
103 terms
Chemistry Accelerated Midterm
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Physical property
The study of matter, properties and changes
anything that has mass & volume
quantity of matter (grams)
based on appearance/state (ex. density, color, MP, BP, textur…
Chemistry
The study of matter, properties and changes
Matter
anything that has mass & volume
89 terms
Chemistry Accelerated Midterm
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Physical property
The study of matter, properties and changes
anything that has mass & volume
quantity of matter (grams)
based on appearance/state (ex. density, color, MP, BP, textur…
Chemistry
The study of matter, properties and changes
Matter
anything that has mass & volume
134 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
Elements
periodic table
atom
ions
Substances composed of one type of atom
table organizing the elements into rows and columns
the smallest particle of an element that retains the characte…
electrically charged atoms of groups of atoms
Elements
Substances composed of one type of atom
periodic table
table organizing the elements into rows and columns
194 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Semester 2
Arrhenius model
acid-base indicator
amphoteric (amphiprotic)
Bronsted-Lowry model
a model of acids and bases; states an acid is a substance tha…
a chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic so…
describes water and other substances that can act as both aci…
a model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion…
Arrhenius model
a model of acids and bases; states an acid is a substance tha…
acid-base indicator
a chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic so…
14 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Atomic Theory
Beta Rays
Gamma Rays
Alpha Rays
Atom
negatively charged radiation emitted by radioactive atoms; hi…
very high energy electromagnetic radiation; most dangerous
helium nuclei (positively charged); least dangerous
smallest indivisible particle of an element
Beta Rays
negatively charged radiation emitted by radioactive atoms; hi…
Gamma Rays
very high energy electromagnetic radiation; most dangerous
81 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
What do chemists study
What is pure science
What is applied science
What are the steps of the scientific t…
Matter and the changes it undergoes
To gain knowledge for the sake of knowledge itself
Research undertaken to solve a problem
Observation, hypothesis, experiment, conclusion, revised hypo…
What do chemists study
Matter and the changes it undergoes
What is pure science
To gain knowledge for the sake of knowledge itself
16 terms
Accelerated Chemistry - Elements
Atom
Democritus of Abdera, 4th Century BC
John Dalton, 1803
J. J. Thomson, 1897
Smallest component of an element.
Believed matter was made up of four basic elements. First sug…
Dalton's Atomic Theory: all elements are composed of invisibl…
Discovered electrons using a cathode ray tube (magnets could…
Atom
Smallest component of an element.
Democritus of Abdera, 4th Century BC
Believed matter was made up of four basic elements. First sug…
16 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Chapter 4
isotopes
atomic number
mass number
periodic table
atoms with the same number of protons and electrons but have…
number of protons in an atom
sum of the number of neutrons and the number of protons in a…
a chart which shows all of the known elements and gives a goo…
isotopes
atoms with the same number of protons and electrons but have…
atomic number
number of protons in an atom
10 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Prefixes
Giga
Mega
Kilo
base unit
G, 10*9, or 1,000,000,000
M, 10*6 0r 1,000,000
K, 10*3 or 1,000
everything above (giga, kilo, mega)... everything below (deci, c…
Giga
G, 10*9, or 1,000,000,000
Mega
M, 10*6 0r 1,000,000
23 terms
Chemistry Accelerated Polyatomic Ions
C2H3O2 1-
NH4 1+
CO3 2-
HCO3 1-
Acetate
Ammonium
Carbonate
Bicarbonate
C2H3O2 1-
Acetate
NH4 1+
Ammonium
9 terms
Chapter 8 Accelerated Chemistry
Linear
Trigonal Planer
Tetrahedral
Trigonal Pyramidal (3D)
180º, CO2
120º, BCL3
109.5º, CH4
107º, NH3
Linear
180º, CO2
Trigonal Planer
120º, BCL3
86 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
Accelerated Chemistry Quiz 1
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
13 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Polyatomic Ions
NO3-
NO2-
C2H3O2-
CO3-2
Nitrate
Nitrite
Acetate
Carbonate
NO3-
Nitrate
NO2-
Nitrite
134 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
Elements
periodic table
atom
ions
Substances composed of one type of atom
table organizing the elements into rows and columns
the smallest particle of an element that retains the characte…
electrically charged atoms of groups of atoms
Elements
Substances composed of one type of atom
periodic table
table organizing the elements into rows and columns
12 terms
Lattice Energy - Accelerated Chemistry
Formula Unit
Crystal Lattice
Attractive
Repulsive
Simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compound's f…
Collection of formula units in order with the least amount of…
Between chlorine and sodium
Between 2 sodium or 2 chlorine
Formula Unit
Simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compound's f…
Crystal Lattice
Collection of formula units in order with the least amount of…
13 terms
Accelerated Science Chemistry
Elements
Mixtures
Solution
Substance
Natural or synthetic material that cannot be broken down into…
A combination of compounds and elements that has not formed a…
Homogeneous mixture whose elements and/or compounds are evenl…
Matter with a fixed composition whose identity can be changed…
Elements
Natural or synthetic material that cannot be broken down into…
Mixtures
A combination of compounds and elements that has not formed a…
Accelerated Chemistry- Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
51 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
Acetate
Carbonate
Chlorate
Chromate
CH3COO -
CO3 2-
ClO3 -
CrO4 2-
Acetate
CH3COO -
Carbonate
CO3 2-
15 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Scientist
Major Contribution: Discovery of the l…
Major Contribution: Law of Conservatio…
"Equal volumes of all ideal gases (wit…
Major Contribution Law of combining vo…
Joseph proust
Antoine Lavoisier
Amedeo Avogadro
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
Major Contribution: Discovery of the l…
Joseph proust
Major Contribution: Law of Conservatio…
Antoine Lavoisier
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