Study sets matching "accelerated chemistry"

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Study sets matching "accelerated chemistry"

73 terms
*Accelerated Chemistry
define a quantitative observation
define a qualitative observation
define independent variable
define dependent variable
number values or numerical measurements
quality such as color
ONLY variable that you change
changes because if the independent variable---- also know as…
define a quantitative observation
number values or numerical measurements
define a qualitative observation
quality such as color
Accelerated Chemistry
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Compostion
potential energy
kinetic energy
Matter cannot be created or destroyed by ordinary physical or…
A pure substance is always composed of the same elements n th…
stored energy due to position or composition.
energy of motion
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter cannot be created or destroyed by ordinary physical or…
Law of Definite Compostion
A pure substance is always composed of the same elements n th…
Accelerated Chemistry Ch. 4
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
All forms of electromagnetic radiation
The distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves (…
The number of waves that pass a given point in a specific tim…
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All forms of electromagnetic radiation
Accelerated Chemistry
The study of the composition, structur…
What are six branches of study in chem…
... is carried out for the sake of inc…
... is generally carried out to solve…
Chemistry
Organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, a…
Basic research
Applied research
The study of the composition, structur…
Chemistry
What are six branches of study in chem…
Organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, a…
79 terms
Accelerated Chemistry
Zinc symbol
Zinc location
Mercury symbol
Mercury location
Zn
Gr.12+ period 4
Hg
Gr. 12+ period 6
Zinc symbol
Zn
Zinc location
Gr.12+ period 4
94 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Midterm 2015
What do chemists study?
What is Pure Science?
What is applied science?
What is scientific law?
Chemists study chemistry which is the study of matter and ene…
Pure science is the gathering of information or the discovery…
Applied science is the practical use of scientific informatio…
Scientific law is a fact or statement that relies on the natu…
What do chemists study?
Chemists study chemistry which is the study of matter and ene…
What is Pure Science?
Pure science is the gathering of information or the discovery…
38 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Ch 3
law of definite proportions
law of conservation of mass
law of multiple proportions
electron
the law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
the law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
a subatomic particle that has a negative electric charge
law of definite proportions
the law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
law of conservation of mass
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
242 terms
accelerated chemistry final review
non zero digits are
leading zeros are
trapped zeros
trailing significant
always significant
never significant
always significant
only significant when the number contains a decimal
non zero digits are
always significant
leading zeros are
never significant
Accelerated Chemistry FINAL
chemistry
matter
mass
physical property
the science that investigates and explains the structure and…
anything that has mass and takes up space
the measure of the amount of matter an object contains
a characteristic of matter that can be observed only when the…
chemistry
the science that investigates and explains the structure and…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Accelerated Chemistry: Unit 2
Lavoisier
Newland
Meyer
Mendeleev
He was beheaded during the french revolution.(1700) He did ex…
He was important in the mid 1800's. He created the law of oct…
He organized the first periodic table using the law of octaves.
He was the father of the periodic table. He organized the per…
Lavoisier
He was beheaded during the french revolution.(1700) He did ex…
Newland
He was important in the mid 1800's. He created the law of oct…
Accelerated Chemistry: Midterm
The signs of a chemical reaction
There are 5 different types of chemica…
Sythesis
oxidation
If heat & light are produced, if a gas is produced, if a prec…
Combination/Synthesis, Decomposition, Single Replacement, Dou…
A + x to Ax. It is when multiple reactants come together to m…
It changes the oxidation number increases in an ion from reac…
The signs of a chemical reaction
If heat & light are produced, if a gas is produced, if a prec…
There are 5 different types of chemica…
Combination/Synthesis, Decomposition, Single Replacement, Dou…
Accelerated Chemistry: Unit 4
The signs of a chemical reaction
There are 5 different types of chemica…
Sythesis
oxidation
If heat & light are produced, if a gas is produced, if a prec…
Combination/Synthesis, Decomposition, Single Replacement, Dou…
A + x to Ax. It is when multiple reactants come together to m…
It changes the oxidation number increases in an ion from reac…
The signs of a chemical reaction
If heat & light are produced, if a gas is produced, if a prec…
There are 5 different types of chemica…
Combination/Synthesis, Decomposition, Single Replacement, Dou…
Accelerated Chemistry chapter 6
Period trend atomic radii
Group trend atomic radii
Ion
Atoms lose electrons
Decrease in atomic radii, caused by the increasing positive c…
Atomic radii increases, the nuclear charge increases, and the…
An atom or a bonded group of atoms that has a positive or neg…
Positive charged ions, always become smaller
Period trend atomic radii
Decrease in atomic radii, caused by the increasing positive c…
Group trend atomic radii
Atomic radii increases, the nuclear charge increases, and the…
20 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Ch 4
periodic law
valence electron
group
period
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
a horizontal row of elements on the periodic table
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
Chemistry Accelerated: Carbon Fluxes
6CO2 + 6H20 + sunlight --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
CO2 + H2O --> H2CO3
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
C6H12O6 --> 3CH4 + 3CO2
Photosynthesis... Atmosphere --> Biosphere
Ocean Water Absorbing CO2... Atmosphere --> Hydrosphere
Plant Respiration... Biosphere --> Atmosphere
Soil Respiration (Decomposition)... Biosphere --> Atmosphere
6CO2 + 6H20 + sunlight --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Photosynthesis... Atmosphere --> Biosphere
CO2 + H2O --> H2CO3
Ocean Water Absorbing CO2... Atmosphere --> Hydrosphere
57 terms
Elements: Accelerated Chemistry
H
He
Li
Be
hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
hydrogen
He
Helium
20 terms
Molecules: Accelerated Chemistry
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electron
small, dense, positively charged part of atom- composed of pr…
positive, mass = 1 amu
neutral/ no charge, mass = 1 amu
negative charge, mass = 0 amu
Nucleus
small, dense, positively charged part of atom- composed of pr…
Proton
positive, mass = 1 amu
152 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
What do chemists study?
Substance
Pure Science
Applied Science
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
Gaining knowledge for the sake of knowledge
Science undertaken to solve a specific problem
What do chemists study?
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Substance
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
29 terms
Accelerated Chemistry (THE PERIODIC TABLE)
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
How is the Modern Periodic Table diffe…
What did Henry Moseley do?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
Mendeleev's table based on increasing atomic mass was useful…
(1913) arranged elements according to the number of Protons i…
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
242 terms
accelerated chemistry final review
non zero digits are
leading zeros are
trapped zeros
trailing significant
always significant
never significant
always significant
only significant when the number contains a decimal
non zero digits are
always significant
leading zeros are
never significant
242 terms
accelerated chemistry final review
non zero digits are
leading zeros are
trapped zeros
trailing significant
always significant
never significant
always significant
only significant when the number contains a decimal
non zero digits are
always significant
leading zeros are
never significant
152 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
What do chemists study?
Substance
Pure Science
Applied Science
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
Gaining knowledge for the sake of knowledge
Science undertaken to solve a specific problem
What do chemists study?
Chemistry, which is the study of matter and the changes it un…
Substance
Is matter that has a definite and uniform composition
30 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final Review
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
SI Units
Prefixes
certain and estimated digits... non zero digits: ALWAYS signific…
digit between 1-10 x 10^some number
time: second (s)... mass: kilogram (kg)... length: meter (m)... volume…
giga: 10^9... mega: 10^6... kilo: 10^3... hecto: 10^2... deka: 10^1... deci…
Significant Figures
certain and estimated digits... non zero digits: ALWAYS signific…
Scientific Notation
digit between 1-10 x 10^some number
Accelerated Chemistry Midterm 2017
What do chemists study?
What is Pure Science?
What is applied science?
What is scientific law?
Chemists study chemistry which is the study of matter and ene…
Pure science is the gathering of information or the discovery…
Applied science is the practical use of scientific informatio…
Scientific law is a fact or statement that relies on the natu…
What do chemists study?
Chemists study chemistry which is the study of matter and ene…
What is Pure Science?
Pure science is the gathering of information or the discovery…
Accelerated Chemistry: Unit 3
Lattice Energy
2-0
3-0
4-0
The energy required to separate 1 mol of the ions of an ionic…
Linear 180 degrees
Trigonal planar 120 degrees
Tetrahedral 109.5 degrees
Lattice Energy
The energy required to separate 1 mol of the ions of an ionic…
2-0
Linear 180 degrees
110 terms
Accelerated Chemistry. Semester 1.
Where is the Proton located?
How do you know the amount of Protons…
What is the charge of a Proton?
What is the mass of a Proton?
Nucleus
Atomic #
+
1 amu
Where is the Proton located?
Nucleus
How do you know the amount of Protons…
Atomic #
26 terms
Periodic Table : Accelerated Chemistry
Periodic
Rows
Columns
Properties of Metals
like a cycle, the table is formatted in a way that each row i…
Periods
Families
-metallic luster... -solids at room temp (exception: mercury and…
Periodic
like a cycle, the table is formatted in a way that each row i…
Rows
Periods
29 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Unit 1
Scientific Method
Steps of Scientific Method
Observing
Conclusion
A logical method of problem solving
1. Making observations that lead to a question... 2. Forming a h…
Use of the senses and devices in the lab that gather informat…
A statement based on observations and prior knowledge
Scientific Method
A logical method of problem solving
Steps of Scientific Method
1. Making observations that lead to a question... 2. Forming a h…
Chapter 8 Accelerated Chemistry
Linear
Trigonal Planer
Tetrahedral
Trigonal Pyramidal (3D)
180º, CO2
120º, BCL3
109.5º, CH4
107º, NH3
Linear
180º, CO2
Trigonal Planer
120º, BCL3
Accelerated CHEMISTRY: Unit 5
T/F: A positively charged ion is calle…
T/F: Elements in group 1 lose their on…
T/F: Elements tend to react so that th…
T/F: A sodium atoms tends to lose one…
False; cation
True
False; noble gases
True
T/F: A positively charged ion is calle…
False; cation
T/F: Elements in group 1 lose their on…
True
86 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
Accelerated Chemistry (THE PERIODIC TABLE)
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
How is the Modern Periodic Table diffe…
What did Henry Moseley do?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
Mendeleev's table based on increasing atomic mass was useful…
(1913) arranged elements according to the number of Protons i…
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev?
he was trying to establish a pattern in the 63 known elements…
How did Mendeleev establish the pattern?
HeUsed atomic mass, physical and chemical properties.... He arr…
103 terms
Chemistry Accelerated Midterm
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Physical property
The study of matter, properties and changes
anything that has mass & volume
quantity of matter (grams)
based on appearance/state (ex. density, color, MP, BP, textur…
Chemistry
The study of matter, properties and changes
Matter
anything that has mass & volume
89 terms
Chemistry Accelerated Midterm
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Physical property
The study of matter, properties and changes
anything that has mass & volume
quantity of matter (grams)
based on appearance/state (ex. density, color, MP, BP, textur…
Chemistry
The study of matter, properties and changes
Matter
anything that has mass & volume
Accelerated Chemistry Quiz 1
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
12 terms
Lattice Energy - Accelerated Chemistry
Formula Unit
Crystal Lattice
Attractive
Repulsive
Simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compound's f…
Collection of formula units in order with the least amount of…
Between chlorine and sodium
Between 2 sodium or 2 chlorine
Formula Unit
Simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compound's f…
Crystal Lattice
Collection of formula units in order with the least amount of…
17 terms
Polyatomic Ions- Accelerated Chemistry
Phosphate Ion
Carbonate Ion
Sulfate Ion
Sulfite Ion
PO4 (3-)
CO3 (2-)
SO4 (2-)
SO3 (2-)
Phosphate Ion
PO4 (3-)
Carbonate Ion
CO3 (2-)
Accelerated Chemistry Final
Which has a definite volume but no def…
Which of the following is a pure subst…
How many Significant figure are in the…
Classify Each of the following placing…
d- liquid
a- table salt
...
...
Which has a definite volume but no def…
d- liquid
Which of the following is a pure subst…
a- table salt
194 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Semester 2
Arrhenius model
acid-base indicator
amphoteric (amphiprotic)
Bronsted-Lowry model
a model of acids and bases; states an acid is a substance tha…
a chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic so…
describes water and other substances that can act as both aci…
a model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion…
Arrhenius model
a model of acids and bases; states an acid is a substance tha…
acid-base indicator
a chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic so…
Accelerated Chemistry final
What do chemists study?
Compare and contrast "pure" vs. "appli…
What are the steps of the scientific m…
How are a scientific law and a theory…
...
...
...
...
What do chemists study?
...
Compare and contrast "pure" vs. "appli…
...
Accelerated Chemistry Atomic Theory
Beta Rays
Gamma Rays
Alpha Rays
Atom
negatively charged radiation emitted by radioactive atoms; hi…
very high energy electromagnetic radiation; most dangerous
helium nuclei (positively charged); least dangerous
smallest indivisible particle of an element
Beta Rays
negatively charged radiation emitted by radioactive atoms; hi…
Gamma Rays
very high energy electromagnetic radiation; most dangerous
81 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
What do chemists study
What is pure science
What is applied science
What are the steps of the scientific t…
Matter and the changes it undergoes
To gain knowledge for the sake of knowledge itself
Research undertaken to solve a problem
Observation, hypothesis, experiment, conclusion, revised hypo…
What do chemists study
Matter and the changes it undergoes
What is pure science
To gain knowledge for the sake of knowledge itself
Accelerated Science Chemistry
Elements
Mixtures
Solution
Substance
Natural or synthetic material that cannot be broken down into…
A combination of compounds and elements that has not formed a…
Homogeneous mixture whose elements and/or compounds are evenl…
Matter with a fixed composition whose identity can be changed…
Elements
Natural or synthetic material that cannot be broken down into…
Mixtures
A combination of compounds and elements that has not formed a…
10 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Prefixes
Giga
Mega
Kilo
base unit
G, 10*9, or 1,000,000,000
M, 10*6 0r 1,000,000
K, 10*3 or 1,000
everything above (giga, kilo, mega)... everything below (deci, c…
Giga
G, 10*9, or 1,000,000,000
Mega
M, 10*6 0r 1,000,000
51 terms
Accelerated Chemistry Final
Acetate
Carbonate
Chlorate
Chromate
CH3COO -
CO3 2-
ClO3 -
CrO4 2-
Acetate
CH3COO -
Carbonate
CO3 2-
Chemistry Accelerated Polyatomic Ions
C2H3O2 1-
NH4 1+
CO3 2-
HCO3 1-
Acetate
Ammonium
Carbonate
Bicarbonate
C2H3O2 1-
Acetate
NH4 1+
Ammonium
18 terms
Accelerated Chemistry: Polyatomic Ions
NH₄⁺
C₂H₃O₂⁻ (CH₃COO⁻)
CN⁻
CO₃²⁻
Ammonium
Acetate
Cyanide
Carbonate
NH₄⁺
Ammonium
C₂H₃O₂⁻ (CH₃COO⁻)
Acetate
31 terms
Science 7 Accelerated Chemistry
Mixture
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Precipitate
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
A change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
A change in matter that produces a new substance.
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
Mixture
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Physical Change
A change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
Accelerated Chemistry Final Exam
Lavoisier
Metric Conversion Chart
Bohr
Millikan
Name of the scientist associated w/ stating the Law of Conser…
G giga 10^9... M mega 10^6... K kilo 10^3... h hecto 10^2... da deca 10^1…
Hydrogen atomic spectra; quantization of atoms and energy lev…
Oil Drop Experiment; charge on electron (mass too)
Lavoisier
Name of the scientist associated w/ stating the Law of Conser…
Metric Conversion Chart
G giga 10^9... M mega 10^6... K kilo 10^3... h hecto 10^2... da deca 10^1…
23 terms
Chapter 9-Accelerated Chemistry
What are the five types of chemical re…
What is single replacement?
What is combustion?
What is decomposition?
Synthesis... Combustion... Decomposition... Double Replacement... Single…
A+BX → B+AX... If A is a metal B also has to be a metal... If A is…
React a substance with oxygen producing oxides with energy (e…
AB → A+B... One element decomposes into to, this can happen fas…
What are the five types of chemical re…
Synthesis... Combustion... Decomposition... Double Replacement... Single…
What is single replacement?
A+BX → B+AX... If A is a metal B also has to be a metal... If A is…
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