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Study sets matching "ace vocabulary science essentials exercise"

304 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science
anterior (ventral)
posterior (dorsal)
superior
inferior
toward the front
toward the back
toward the head
away from the head
anterior (ventral)
toward the front
posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
155 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science
Aneterior
Superficial
Superior
Proximal
Toward the front
External; located close to or on the surface
Toward the head
Toward the attached end of the limb; origin of the structure,…
Aneterior
Toward the front
Superficial
External; located close to or on the surface
41 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science
4 compartments of the lower limb
Ligament
Tendon
Quadriceps muscles that extend the knee
1. Superficial posterior compartment (gastrocnemius, soleus,…
Connects bone to bone
Connects muscle to bone
Vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, rectus…
4 compartments of the lower limb
1. Superficial posterior compartment (gastrocnemius, soleus,…
Ligament
Connects bone to bone
67 terms
Ace Essentials of exercise science
Autogenic inhibition
Reciprocal inhibition
Co-contractors ... Agonist and Antagonist
Anterior deltoids/ posterior deltoids
Autonatic reflex relation caused by stimulation of the Golgi…
Reflex inhibition of the motor neurons of antagonists when ag…
Muscles that counteract activity about a joint. Pecs and Lats…
Front and back shoulder muscles
Autogenic inhibition
Autonatic reflex relation caused by stimulation of the Golgi…
Reciprocal inhibition
Reflex inhibition of the motor neurons of antagonists when ag…
41 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science
4 compartments of the lower limb
Ligament
Tendon
Quadriceps muscles that extend the knee
1. Superficial posterior compartment (gastrocnemius, soleus,…
Connects bone to bone
Connects muscle to bone
Vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, rectus…
4 compartments of the lower limb
1. Superficial posterior compartment (gastrocnemius, soleus,…
Ligament
Connects bone to bone
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Nutrition
Scope of Practice
Body Composition
Registered Dietitian (R.D.)
Macronutrient
The range and limit of responsibility normally associated wit…
The makeup of the body in terms of the relative percentage of…
A food and nutrition expert who has met the following criteri…
A nutrient that is needed in large quantities for normal grow…
Scope of Practice
The range and limit of responsibility normally associated wit…
Body Composition
The makeup of the body in terms of the relative percentage of…
170 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Nutrition
Scope of Practice
Body Composition
Registered Dietitian (R.D.)
Macronutrient
The range and limit of responsibility normally associated wit…
The makeup of the body in terms of the relative percentage of…
A food and nutrition expert who has met the following criteri…
A nutrient that is needed in large quantities for normal grow…
Scope of Practice
The range and limit of responsibility normally associated wit…
Body Composition
The makeup of the body in terms of the relative percentage of…
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Digestion
Standing erect with the feet and palms facing forward.
The tissue that binds together and supports various structure…
Tissue that covers the surface of the body and lines the body…
The process of breaking down food into small enough units for…
Anatomical Position
Standing erect with the feet and palms facing forward.
Connective Tissue
The tissue that binds together and supports various structure…
61 terms
Ace's Essentials of exercise science
Benefits of regular exercise
sedentary
physical fitness
physical activity
improved cardiovascular funtion , lowered systolic and diasto…
characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining…
the ability to handle the physical demands of everyday life w…
bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires en…
Benefits of regular exercise
improved cardiovascular funtion , lowered systolic and diasto…
sedentary
characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining…
48 terms
CH2 ace essentials of exercise science
Anterior -
Superficial -
Superior -
Proximal -
toward the front
external ; located close to or on the surface
toward the head
toward the attached end of the limb , origin of the structure…
Anterior -
toward the front
Superficial -
external ; located close to or on the surface
172 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Digestion
Standing erect with the feet and palms facing forward.
The tissue that binds together and supports various structure…
Tissue that covers the surface of the body and lines the body…
The process of breaking down food into small enough units for…
Anatomical Position
Standing erect with the feet and palms facing forward.
Connective Tissue
The tissue that binds together and supports various structure…
175 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Fundamentals of Applied Kinesiology
kinesiology
kinematics
tightness or hypertrophy in the psoas
kinetics
the study of human movement from biological and physical pers…
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
passive extension of the lumbar spine (lordosis)
the study of the effects of internal and external forces on t…
kinesiology
the study of human movement from biological and physical pers…
kinematics
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
53 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science - Chapter 2
Name the benefits of regular exercise
Define physical activity
Define physical fitness
What are the four major components of…
Improved cardiovascular function, lower systolic and diastoli…
Bodily movement resulting from the contraction of skeletal mu…
A set of attributes that allow individuals to perform physica…
Muscular fitness, cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory enduran…
Name the benefits of regular exercise
Improved cardiovascular function, lower systolic and diastoli…
Define physical activity
Bodily movement resulting from the contraction of skeletal mu…
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Exercise Physiology
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP)
Lipid
Glucose
The pressure exerted by the blood on the vessel walls during…
The pressure in the arteries during the relaxation phase (dia…
The name for fats used in the body and bloodstream.
A simple sugar; the form in which all carbohydrates are used…
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)
The pressure exerted by the blood on the vessel walls during…
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP)
The pressure in the arteries during the relaxation phase (dia…
52 terms
ACE's Essentials of Exercise Science
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
Toward the front
Toward the back
Toward the head
Away from the head
Anterior (ventral)
Toward the front
Posterior (dorsal)
Toward the back
80 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 1
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
Explain Wolff's Law
What is the axis around which joints m…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
Wolff's law indicates that changes in bone structures coincid…
Mediolateral or transverse axis
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
85 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 4 Study Guide +
recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
dietary reference intake (DRI)
estimated average requirement
tolerable upper intake level
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
a revised, more detailed version of the RDAs and refer to thr…
indicates the adequate intake in 50% of an age and gender spe…
the maximum intake that is unlikely to pose a risk of adverse…
recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
dietary reference intake (DRI)
a revised, more detailed version of the RDAs and refer to thr…
53 terms
Ace Essentials of Exercise Science - Chapter 3
Define kinesiology
Define biomechanics
Define kinematics
Define kinetics
Study of human movement from biological and physical science…
Application of mechanics to living organisms (mainly humans)
Study of form, pattern and sequence of movement without force
Branch of mechanics that describes the effects of forces on t…
Define kinesiology
Study of human movement from biological and physical science…
Define biomechanics
Application of mechanics to living organisms (mainly humans)
53 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science - Chapter 2
Name the benefits of regular exercise
Define physical activity
Define physical fitness
What are the four major components of…
Improved cardiovascular function, lower systolic and diastoli…
Bodily movement resulting from the contraction of skeletal mu…
A set of attributes that allow individuals to perform physica…
Muscular fitness, cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory enduran…
Name the benefits of regular exercise
Improved cardiovascular function, lower systolic and diastoli…
Define physical activity
Bodily movement resulting from the contraction of skeletal mu…
85 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 4 Study Guide +
recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
dietary reference intake (DRI)
estimated average requirement
tolerable upper intake level
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
a revised, more detailed version of the RDAs and refer to thr…
indicates the adequate intake in 50% of an age and gender spe…
the maximum intake that is unlikely to pose a risk of adverse…
recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
dietary reference intake (DRI)
a revised, more detailed version of the RDAs and refer to thr…
58 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive
Anatomical Position
Connective Tissue
epithelial tissue
digestion
person standing erect with head, eyes, and palms facing forward
The tissue that binds together and supports various structure…
Tissue that covers the surface of the body and lines the body…
The process of breaking down food into small enough units for…
Anatomical Position
person standing erect with head, eyes, and palms facing forward
Connective Tissue
The tissue that binds together and supports various structure…
33 terms
CH3 ace essentials of exercise science
Kinematics-
Kinetics-
Kyphosis-
Lordosis-
is the study of the forms, pattern , or sequence of movement…
the study of effects of internal and external forces of the b…
is an excessive posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
an excessive anterior curvature of the lumbar spine
Kinematics-
is the study of the forms, pattern , or sequence of movement…
Kinetics-
the study of effects of internal and external forces of the b…
22 terms
CH5 ace essentials of exercise science
What 2 major adjustments in blood flow…
SA node -
AV node-
Chronotropic response -
An increase in Cardiac output , a redistribution of blood fro…
located in the posterior wall of the right atrium and intrins…
is located on the floor of the right atrium and give off many…
is an increase in the heart rate
What 2 major adjustments in blood flow…
An increase in Cardiac output , a redistribution of blood fro…
SA node -
located in the posterior wall of the right atrium and intrins…
39 terms
CH1 ace essentials of exercise science
Aside from distributing oxygen and nut…
Central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
Axial skeleton
A: carries carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes from cells ... B…
The central nervous system is completely enclosed in the bone…
The peripheral nervous system is connected to the extremities
The axial skeleton is made up of 74 bones of the head , neck…
Aside from distributing oxygen and nut…
A: carries carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes from cells ... B…
Central nervous system
The central nervous system is completely enclosed in the bone…
237 terms
ACE's Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 1-Human Anatomy
Anterior (Ventral)
Posterior (Dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
Toward the front
Toward the back
Toward the head
Away from the head
Anterior (Ventral)
Toward the front
Posterior (Dorsal)
Toward the back
80 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 1
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
Explain Wolff's Law
What is the axis around which joints m…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
Wolff's law indicates that changes in bone structures coincid…
Mediolateral or transverse axis
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
80 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 1
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
Explain Wolff's Law
What is the axis around which joints m…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
Wolff's law indicates that changes in bone structures coincid…
Mediolateral or transverse axis
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
194 terms
Ace essentials of exercise science for fitness professionals vocabulary terms
Acceptable macronutrient distribution…
Acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA)
Acetylcholine
Acromioclavicular (A/C) joint
The range of intake for a particular energy source thay is as…
An important molecule in metabolism, used in many bio mechani…
A white crystalline neurotransmitter and derivative of cholin…
The junction of the acromion process of the scapula with this…
Acceptable macronutrient distribution…
The range of intake for a particular energy source thay is as…
Acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA)
An important molecule in metabolism, used in many bio mechani…
31 terms
ACE essentials for exercise science ch. 2
muscular strength
muscular endurance
essential fat
storage fat
how much force can be exerted by a muscle
how long a muscle can exert a certain force over again
the amount of fat necessary for maintenance of life
overweight or obesity
muscular strength
how much force can be exerted by a muscle
muscular endurance
how long a muscle can exert a certain force over again
45 terms
ACE Essentials of exercise science ch. 3
kinematics
kinetics
kyphosis
lordosis
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
the study of the effects of internal and external forces on t…
an excessive posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
an excessive anterior curvature of the lumbar spine
kinematics
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
kinetics
the study of the effects of internal and external forces on t…
87 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Ch. 4- Nutrition
recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
dietary reference intake (DRI)
estimated average requirement
tolerable upper intake level
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
a revised, more detailed version of the RDAs and refer to thr…
indicates the adequate intake in 50% of an age and gender spe…
the maximum intake that is unlikely to pose a risk of adverse…
recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
dietary reference intake (DRI)
a revised, more detailed version of the RDAs and refer to thr…
27 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A (Carotene)
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Source: Yellow or orange fruits and veggies, green leafy vegg…
Source: Fortified cereals and oatmeals, meats, rice and pasta…
Source: Whole grains, green leafy veggies, organ meats, milk,…
Source: Fish, poultry, lean meats, bananas, prunes, dried bea…
Vitamin A (Carotene)
Source: Yellow or orange fruits and veggies, green leafy vegg…
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Source: Fortified cereals and oatmeals, meats, rice and pasta…
12 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Table 1-6
Nerve Root - C5
Nerve Root - C6
Nerve Root - C7
Nerve Root - C8
Muscles Innervated - Biceps Brachii, deltoid, supraspinatus,…
Muscles Innervated - Brachioradialis, supinator, extensor car…
Muscles Innervated - Triceps brachii, flexor carpi radialis,…
Muscles Innervated - Extensor pollicis longus and brevis, add…
Nerve Root - C5
Muscles Innervated - Biceps Brachii, deltoid, supraspinatus,…
Nerve Root - C6
Muscles Innervated - Brachioradialis, supinator, extensor car…
61 terms
Essentials of exercise ace
Expiration occurs
The digestive carries out
Serrated anterior functions
Serratius anterior exercise
Passively during normal quiet breathing requiring no assistan…
Ingestion of food into the mouth, movement of food along the…
Stabilization, abduction,and upward rotation of the scapula
Push-ups, incline bench press, and pull overs
Expiration occurs
Passively during normal quiet breathing requiring no assistan…
The digestive carries out
Ingestion of food into the mouth, movement of food along the…
77 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 3 Study Guide +
kinesiology
kinematics
What can occur if there is tightness o…
kinetics
the study of human movement from biological and physical pers…
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
passive extension of the lumbar spine (lordosis)
the study of the effects of internal and external forces on t…
kinesiology
the study of human movement from biological and physical pers…
kinematics
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
14 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory system is made up of the..
Alveoli
Inspiration
Provides a means to replace oxygen & remove carbon dioxide fr…
Nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lu…
Thin walled air sacs
Drawing of air into the lungs; inhalation
Respiratory System
Provides a means to replace oxygen & remove carbon dioxide fr…
Respiratory system is made up of the..
Nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lu…
50 terms
ACE essentials of exercise science ch. 1
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
nervous system completely enclosed in bone, such as the spina…
nervous system connected to the extremities
made up of the 74 bones of the head, neck, and trunk
made up of the 126 bones of the extremities
central nervous system
nervous system completely enclosed in bone, such as the spina…
peripheral nervous system
nervous system connected to the extremities
42 terms
ACE Essentials of exercise science Ch. 4
RDA
DRI
complex carbs
simple carbs
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
revised, more detailed versions of the RDA's that refer to th…
long chains of glucose molecules including glycogen and starch
short chains of glucose molecules; sugars
RDA
levels of intake of essential nutrients based on age and gend…
DRI
revised, more detailed versions of the RDA's that refer to th…
53 terms
Ace Essentials of Exercise Science - Chapter 3
Define kinesiology
Define biomechanics
Define kinematics
Define kinetics
Study of human movement from biological and physical science…
Application of mechanics to living organisms (mainly humans)
Study of form, pattern and sequence of movement without force
Branch of mechanics that describes the effects of forces on t…
Define kinesiology
Study of human movement from biological and physical science…
Define biomechanics
Application of mechanics to living organisms (mainly humans)
33 terms
ACE Essentials of exercise science ch. 5
SA node
AV node
chronotropic response
inotropic response
located near in the posterior wall of the right atrium and in…
located on the floor of the right atrium and gives off many b…
an increase in heart rate
an increase in the force of heart contractility
SA node
located near in the posterior wall of the right atrium and in…
AV node
located on the floor of the right atrium and gives off many b…
20 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science - Chapter 4 - Nutrition
Explain what happens to carbohydrates…
Describe the difference in carb use in…
How would you explain to a client what…
Which vitamin is essential for blood-c…
If carbs are not immediately used for energy, then they are s…
The amount of glycogen can be increased fivefold with physica…
Partially hydr oils are when they make unsaturated fat solid…
Vitamin K - green leafy vegetables, fruit, dairy, grain produ…
Explain what happens to carbohydrates…
If carbs are not immediately used for energy, then they are s…
Describe the difference in carb use in…
The amount of glycogen can be increased fivefold with physica…
198 terms
ACE's Essentials of Exercise Science Glossary
Abduction
Absolute Strength
Acclimatize
Actin
Movement away from the midline of the body
maximal amount of strength an individual can lift one time
physiological adaptation to an unfamiliar environment and ach…
thin contractile protein in a myofibril
Abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body
Absolute Strength
maximal amount of strength an individual can lift one time
188 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Physiology of Training
Cardiac Output
Heart Rate (HR)
Sinoatrial Node (SA node)
Autonomic Nervous System
The amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute; usually e…
The number of heart beats per minute.
Regulates heart rate intrinsically.
Regulates involuntary body functions, including the activity…
Cardiac Output
The amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute; usually e…
Heart Rate (HR)
The number of heart beats per minute.
124 terms
ACE GroupX - Essentials of Exercise Science
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Transverse Plane
Name the 4 movements in the sagittal p…
Plane that cuts the body into right and left segments
Plane that cuts the body into anterior and posterior segments
Plane that cuts the body into superior and inferior
Flexion, Extension, Dorsiflexion, Plantarflexion... Spine, Shoul…
Sagittal Plane
Plane that cuts the body into right and left segments
Frontal Plane
Plane that cuts the body into anterior and posterior segments
77 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 3 Study Guide +
kinesiology
kinematics
What can occur if there is tightness o…
kinetics
the study of human movement from biological and physical pers…
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
passive extension of the lumbar spine (lordosis)
the study of the effects of internal and external forces on t…
kinesiology
the study of human movement from biological and physical pers…
kinematics
the study of the form, pattern, or sequence of movement witho…
47 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Ch.2- Exercise Physiology
(1) muscular strength and endurance... (2…
muscular strength
muscular endurance
body composition
What are the four component of physical fitness?
the maximal force that a muscle or muscle group can exert dur…
the ability of a muscle or muscle group to exert force agains…
refers to the makeup of the body in relation to the proportio…
(1) muscular strength and endurance... (2…
What are the four component of physical fitness?
muscular strength
the maximal force that a muscle or muscle group can exert dur…
154 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science Chapter 1
Anatomical, Directional, and Regional…
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
...
Toward the front
Toward the back
Toward the head
Anatomical, Directional, and Regional…
...
Anterior (ventral)
Toward the front
80 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 1
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
Explain Wolff's Law
What is the axis around which joints m…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
Wolff's law indicates that changes in bone structures coincid…
Mediolateral or transverse axis
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
80 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science: Chapter 1
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
Explain Wolff's Law
What is the axis around which joints m…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
Wolff's law indicates that changes in bone structures coincid…
Mediolateral or transverse axis
Explain the route of blood flow beginn…
As blood leaves the heart, it is carried by the arteries. As…
Explain blood flow beginning when it l…
The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs through the…
53 terms
ACE Essentials of Exercise Science - Chapter 2
Name the benefits of regular exercise
Define physical activity
Define physical fitness
What are the four major components of…
Improved cardiovascular function, lower systolic and diastoli…
Bodily movement resulting from the contraction of skeletal mu…
A set of attributes that allow individuals to perform physica…
Muscular fitness, cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory enduran…
Name the benefits of regular exercise
Improved cardiovascular function, lower systolic and diastoli…
Define physical activity
Bodily movement resulting from the contraction of skeletal mu…
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