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Study sets matching "acid chapter 41"

93 terms
Chapter 41 - Electrolytes, acid base
ECF
major body cations
major body anions
Millequivalents
- 2/3 of total body water... - three divisions - intravascular (…
- Na+, K+, Ca++, Mg++
- Cl-, HCO3-
- millimoles per liter * electrolyte charge
ECF
- 2/3 of total body water... - three divisions - intravascular (…
major body cations
- Na+, K+, Ca++, Mg++
29 terms
Fluid, electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance (Fundamentals- chapter 41)
Output
Intake
Fluid compartments
ECF
Kidneys, lungs, feces, sweat, skin
Food and water/liquid
extracellular fluid (ECF)- outside the cells... intracellular fl…
intravascular fluid, interstitial fluid and transcellular fluid
Output
Kidneys, lungs, feces, sweat, skin
Intake
Food and water/liquid
13 terms
Chapter 41: Acid-Base Balance
Normal arterial pH
What determines pH?
Name three chemical buffers.
Respiratory Compensation
7.35 - 7.45 (or 0.001 mEq/L)
The amount of free hydrogen ions in fluids
Bicarbonate, phosphate, & protein
Elimination of volatile acid (Carbonic acid) by exhalation of…
Normal arterial pH
7.35 - 7.45 (or 0.001 mEq/L)
What determines pH?
The amount of free hydrogen ions in fluids
87 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
93 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid Base Balance
Intracellular Fluid
Intracellular fluid is approximately _…
Extracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid is approximately _…
Inside the cell
2/3
Outside the cell
1/3
Intracellular Fluid
Inside the cell
Intracellular fluid is approximately _…
2/3
32 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balances
135-145
ADH
Aldosterone
Na
Normal Sodium Level
Hormone that conserves water
hormone that retains Na which retains water
Electrolyte that is responsible for water balance, regulates…
135-145
Normal Sodium Level
ADH
Hormone that conserves water
64 terms
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Chapter 41
Solvents
Solutes
ECF major ions
ICF major ions
Liquid that are able to dissolve other substances; often have…
Any substance that is dissolved in a solution.
Sodium, chloride, calcium, bicarbonate
Potassium, magnesium, phosphorus
Solvents
Liquid that are able to dissolve other substances; often have…
Solutes
Any substance that is dissolved in a solution.
87 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
153 terms
Chapter 41 Fluids, Electrolytes & Acid-Base Balance
cations
isotonic
osmosis
diffusion
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
having the same osmotic pressure
movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
cations
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
isotonic
having the same osmotic pressure
59 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid Balance : ADPIE
Assessment
Risk Factors for Imbalances
Age related risk factors
Environment Related Risk Factors
Risk Factors... Patient Experience & Attitude... Cultural Preferenc…
Age, Environment, GI Output, Chronic Diseases, Trauma, Therap…
Very young - ECV deficit, osmolality imbalances, clinical deh…
Sodium rich diet - ECV Excess... Electrolyte Poor Diet - Electro…
Assessment
Risk Factors... Patient Experience & Attitude... Cultural Preferenc…
Risk Factors for Imbalances
Age, Environment, GI Output, Chronic Diseases, Trauma, Therap…
45 terms
chapter 41 fluid, electrolyte, and acid base balance
1/3
2/3
electrolyte
diffusion
ECF comprises ____ of the total fluid
ICF comprises ___of the totoal fluid
chemical compounds that partially dissociate in solution into…
movement of a solvent or solute from an area of higher solven…
1/3
ECF comprises ____ of the total fluid
2/3
ICF comprises ___of the totoal fluid
46 terms
Chapter 41- Fluids, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Aldactone
Potassium excess
Too much salt
potassium IV pushing can cause
potassium sparing for diuretic
Most dangerous, can lead to cardiac arrest
S -skin flush... A - low grade fever... L - aggitation... T - thirst
cardiac arrest
Aldactone
potassium sparing for diuretic
Potassium excess
Most dangerous, can lead to cardiac arrest
59 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid Balance : ADPIE
Assessment
Risk Factors for Imbalances
Age related risk factors
Environment Related Risk Factors
Risk Factors... Patient Experience & Attitude... Cultural Preferenc…
Age, Environment, GI Output, Chronic Diseases, Trauma, Therap…
Very young - ECV deficit, osmolality imbalances, clinical deh…
Sodium rich diet - ECV Excess... Electrolyte Poor Diet - Electro…
Assessment
Risk Factors... Patient Experience & Attitude... Cultural Preferenc…
Risk Factors for Imbalances
Age, Environment, GI Output, Chronic Diseases, Trauma, Therap…
63 terms
Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Acidosis
Active transport
Alkalosis
Anion gap
a condition that tends to make the blood relatively too acidic
movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
a condition that tends to make the blood relatively too basic…
difference between the concentrations of serum cations and an…
Acidosis
a condition that tends to make the blood relatively too acidic
Active transport
movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
233 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
137 terms
Chapter 41 Fluid, Electrolytes, and Acid Base Balance
Fluid and electrolyte Regulation
Aspects of fluid balance
osmolarity
Purpose of Normal Fluid and Electrolyt…
Important to prevent dehydration, cardiac conditions, and for…
volume of fluid in extracellular spaces (vascular volume) and…
balance of fluids and solutes
1. fluid regulation... 2. nourishment... 3. aids in waste productio…
Fluid and electrolyte Regulation
Important to prevent dehydration, cardiac conditions, and for…
Aspects of fluid balance
volume of fluid in extracellular spaces (vascular volume) and…
63 terms
Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Acidosis
Active transport
Alkalosis
Anion gap
a condition that tends to make the blood relatively too acidic
movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
a condition that tends to make the blood relatively too basic…
difference between the concentrations of serum cations and an…
Acidosis
a condition that tends to make the blood relatively too acidic
Active transport
movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
15 terms
CHAPTER 41-FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, AND ACID BASE BALANCE
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
2 Major ECF Divisions
Intravascular fluid
inside cells and makes up approx. 2/3 of total body water
outside cells and makes up approx. 1/3 of total body water
intravascular and interstitial fluid
liquid portion of the blood Ex. Plasma
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
inside cells and makes up approx. 2/3 of total body water
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
outside cells and makes up approx. 1/3 of total body water
96 terms
Chapter 41 Fluids and Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance
Why are fluids important?
Characteristic of Body fluids
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Body fluids contain electrolytes and some level of acidity th…
Amount (Volume)... Concentration (Osmolality)... Composition (Elect…
fluids within the cell. 2/3 of total body water.
fluids outside of cel. 1/3 of total body water.
Why are fluids important?
Body fluids contain electrolytes and some level of acidity th…
Characteristic of Body fluids
Amount (Volume)... Concentration (Osmolality)... Composition (Elect…
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid-Base Imbalance
Sodium Range
Potassium Range
Chloride Range
Bicarbonate Range
135-145
3.5-5
98-100
22-28
Sodium Range
135-145
Potassium Range
3.5-5
147 terms
chapter 41: fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
These characteristics of body fluids i…
ECF has two major divisions
The term fluid means
Osmolality
the fluid amount (volume), concentration (osmolarity), compos…
intravascular fluid and interstitial fluid
water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
a measure of the number of particles per kilogram of water.
These characteristics of body fluids i…
the fluid amount (volume), concentration (osmolarity), compos…
ECF has two major divisions
intravascular fluid and interstitial fluid
26 terms
Chapter 41 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base balance
clincial dehydration
ECV excess
135-145 mEq/L
Vomiting, diarrhea, GI suctionign, diu…
Combined disorder of hypernatremia and ECV deficit
Changes in LOC, confusion, headache, seizures, pulmonary cong…
What are the sodium levels?
Causes of hyponatremia?
clincial dehydration
Combined disorder of hypernatremia and ECV deficit
ECV excess
Changes in LOC, confusion, headache, seizures, pulmonary cong…
87 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
25 terms
Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Body fluids are distributed in two dis…
Body fluids are distributed in two dis…
Define the following terms related to…
Define the following terms related to…
Extracellular fluid is the fluid outside the cell (interstiti…
Intracellular fluid comprises all fluid within the cells of t…
Cations are positively charges electrolytes (sodium, potassiu…
Anions are negatively charged electrolytes (chloride, bicarbo…
Body fluids are distributed in two dis…
Extracellular fluid is the fluid outside the cell (interstiti…
Body fluids are distributed in two dis…
Intracellular fluid comprises all fluid within the cells of t…
55 terms
chapter 41 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
body fluids are distributed in two dis…
define the following term related to t…
define the following term related to t…
define the following term related to t…
a) extracellular fluid is the fluid outside the cell (interst…
cations are positively charged electrolytes (sodium, potassiu…
anions are negatively charged electrolytes (chloride, bicarbo…
mmol/L represents the number of milligrams of the electrolyte…
body fluids are distributed in two dis…
a) extracellular fluid is the fluid outside the cell (interst…
define the following term related to t…
cations are positively charged electrolytes (sodium, potassiu…
14 terms
Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance
Fluid
Extracelllar Fluid (EFC)
Intracellular Fluid (IFC)
Intravascular Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Body fluids located outside the cell... 1/3 total body water
Body fluids located inside the cell... 2/3 total body water
The liquid portion of the blood (i.e. plasma)... One of the two…
Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Extracelllar Fluid (EFC)
Body fluids located outside the cell... 1/3 total body water
13 terms
Potter & Perry: Chapter 41: Acid-Base Balance
Normal arterial pH
What determines pH?
Name three chemical buffers.
Respiratory Compensation
7.35 - 7.45 (or 0.001 mEq/L)
The amount of free hydrogen ions in fluids
Bicarbonate, phosphate, & protein
Elimination of volatile acid (Carbonic acid) by exhalation of…
Normal arterial pH
7.35 - 7.45 (or 0.001 mEq/L)
What determines pH?
The amount of free hydrogen ions in fluids
196 terms
Chapter 41: Fluids, Electrolytes & Acid-Base Balance
cations
isotonic
osmosis
diffusion
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
having the same osmotic pressure
movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
cations
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
isotonic
having the same osmotic pressure
81 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
33 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
fluid
fluid compartments
extracellular fluid compartments
electrolyte
water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
1. intracellular fluid (ICF)... 2. extracellular fluid (ECF)
1. intravascular fluid... 2. interstitial fluid
compound that separates into ions (electrically charged parti…
fluid
water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
fluid compartments
1. intracellular fluid (ICF)... 2. extracellular fluid (ECF)
61 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
61 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
61 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
127 terms
Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-base Balance
body fluid contains
Electrolytes are
electrolyte contains what types of com…
sodium and potassium has a degree of
electrolytes
sodium and potassium
contains cation and anion, when they combine, they make salt.
acidity
body fluid contains
electrolytes
Electrolytes are
sodium and potassium
87 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
29 terms
Chapter 41- Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Normal lab values for Sodium (Na+), Po…
Normal lab values for Total CO2, Bicar…
Normal lab values for Magnesium (Mg2+)…
Normal lab values for ABG's
Sodium (Na+) 135-145 mEq/L... Potassium (K+) 3.5-5.0 mEq/L... Chlor…
Total CO2 22-30 mEq/L... Bicarbonate (HCO3-) aterial: 22-26 mEq/…
Magnesium (Mg2+) 1.5-2.5 mEq/L... Phosphate (PO3-4) 2.7-4.5 mEq/…
pH: 7.35-7.45... PaCO2: 35-45 mm Hg... HCO3: 22-26 mEq/L... PaO2: 80-1…
Normal lab values for Sodium (Na+), Po…
Sodium (Na+) 135-145 mEq/L... Potassium (K+) 3.5-5.0 mEq/L... Chlor…
Normal lab values for Total CO2, Bicar…
Total CO2 22-30 mEq/L... Bicarbonate (HCO3-) aterial: 22-26 mEq/…
50 terms
Evolve Chapter 41 Fluid and Electrolyte, and Acid- Base Balance.
Acidosis
Active transport
Alkalosis
Anions
Condition that makes the blood relatively too acidic.
Movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
Condition that makes the blood relatively too basic (alkaline…
Ions that are negatively charged.
Acidosis
Condition that makes the blood relatively too acidic.
Active transport
Movement of materials across the cell membrane by means of ch…
61 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
erythema
aldosterone
electrolyte
extracellular fluids
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water o…
Portion of body fluids composed of interstitial fluid and blo…
erythema
Redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that…
aldosterone
Substance released by the adrenal cortex in response to incre…
Chapter 41
nutrition
Herbivores
Carnivores
omnivores
a source of materials to nourish the body
an organism that eats only plants.
Consumers that eat only animals
an organism that eats both plants and animals.
nutrition
a source of materials to nourish the body
Herbivores
an organism that eats only plants.
58 terms
Chapter 41
What are the two basic requirements fo…
4 parts to obtaining energy
Ingestion
Digestion
1. chemical energy for synthesizing ATP ... 2. carbon-containing…
1. ingestion... 2. digestion... 3. absorption... 4. elimination
the process of bringing food into the digestive tract
the breakdown of food
What are the two basic requirements fo…
1. chemical energy for synthesizing ATP ... 2. carbon-containing…
4 parts to obtaining energy
1. ingestion... 2. digestion... 3. absorption... 4. elimination
53 terms
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance Chapter 41
Fluid
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Intravascular fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Body fluids located outside the cells.
Body fluids located inside the cells
The liquid portion of the blood.
Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Body fluids located outside the cells.
90 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Balance
Approximately 2/3 of the body's total…
The process of passively moving water…
The nurse knows that edema in a patien…
The nurse understands that administeri…
A. Intracellular... Intracellular fluid accounts for approximat…
B. Osmosis... The process of moving water from an area of low p…
A. Hydrostatic... Venous congestion increases capillary hydrost…
A. Intracellular; extracellular... A hypertonic solution has a…
Approximately 2/3 of the body's total…
A. Intracellular... Intracellular fluid accounts for approximat…
The process of passively moving water…
B. Osmosis... The process of moving water from an area of low p…
78 terms
Chapter 41 Animal Nutrition
nutrition
essential nutrients
8
complete
food being taken in, taken apart, and taken up
materials that an animal's cells require but cannot synthesiz…
number of essential amino acids
proteins in animal products are _________ amino acids, meanin…
nutrition
food being taken in, taken apart, and taken up
essential nutrients
materials that an animal's cells require but cannot synthesiz…
90 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Balance
Approximately 2/3 of the body's total…
The process of passively moving water…
The nurse knows that edema in a patien…
The nurse understands that administeri…
A. Intracellular... Intracellular fluid accounts for approximat…
B. Osmosis... The process of moving water from an area of low p…
A. Hydrostatic... Venous congestion increases capillary hydrost…
A. Intracellular; extracellular... A hypertonic solution has a…
Approximately 2/3 of the body's total…
A. Intracellular... Intracellular fluid accounts for approximat…
The process of passively moving water…
B. Osmosis... The process of moving water from an area of low p…
48 terms
Chapter 41
four stages of food processing
digestion
break down into smaller pieces/muscle…
human digestive system
ingestion- taking in... digestion- break down... absorption- go thr…
using enzymes... -carbs-->disaccharides... -proteins-->AA... -nucleic…
increases surface area
organs-come in direct contact w/ food (mouth, pharynx, esopha…
four stages of food processing
ingestion- taking in... digestion- break down... absorption- go thr…
digestion
using enzymes... -carbs-->disaccharides... -proteins-->AA... -nucleic…
69 terms
Chapter 41
absorption
alimentary canal
amino acid
amylase
The third stage of food processing in animals: the uptake of…
A digestive tract consisting of a tube running between a mout…
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
An enzyme in saliva that hydrolyzes starch (a glucose polymer…
absorption
The third stage of food processing in animals: the uptake of…
alimentary canal
A digestive tract consisting of a tube running between a mout…
14 terms
Chapter 41 - Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Balance
Fluid
Extracelllar Fluid (EFC)
Intracellular Fluid (IFC)
Intravascular Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Body fluids located outside the cell... 1/3 total body water
Body fluids located inside the cell... 2/3 total body water
The liquid portion of the blood (i.e. plasma)... One of the two…
Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Extracelllar Fluid (EFC)
Body fluids located outside the cell... 1/3 total body water
150 terms
Potter & Perry Chapter 41: Fluids, Electrolytes & Acid-Base Balance
cations
osmosis
diffusion
anions
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
negatively charges electrolytes ex: chloride, bicarbonate
cations
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
osmosis
movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
16 terms
Chapter 41: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
What electrolytes have higher concentr…
What electrolytes have higher concentr…
How do cells maintain their high intra…
In diffusion, which way do particles m…
Sodium... Chloride... Bicarbonate
Potassium... Magnesium... Phosphate
Active transport
From areas of high concentration to lower concentration
What electrolytes have higher concentr…
Sodium... Chloride... Bicarbonate
What electrolytes have higher concentr…
Potassium... Magnesium... Phosphate
150 terms
Potter & Perry Chapter 41: Fluids, Electrolytes & Acid-Base Balance
cations
osmosis
diffusion
anions
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
negatively charges electrolytes ex: chloride, bicarbonate
cations
positively charged electrolytes ex: sodium, potassium, calciu…
osmosis
movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
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