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Study sets matching "acids chapter 6"

29 terms
Chapter 6- Amino Acids
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Glycine
Alanine
10 terms
Chapter 6 Acids
HClO3
HNO3
H2SO4
H2CO3
chloric acid
nitric acid
sulfuric acid
carbonic acid
HClO3
chloric acid
HNO3
nitric acid
23 terms
chapter 6 acids
SUSPENSION
SOLUTION
SOLVENT
SOLUTE
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
A very well mixed mixture, having the same properties through…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
SUSPENSION
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
SOLUTION
A very well mixed mixture, having the same properties through…
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Proteins and Amino Acids
8
7
20
amino acids
One cup of milk has how many grams of protein?
One egg has how many grams of protein?
3 ounces of meat has how many grams of protein?
What are the building blocks of protein?
8
One cup of milk has how many grams of protein?
7
One egg has how many grams of protein?
18 terms
Acids, Bases, and Solutions, Chapter 6
solvent
solution
solute
colloid
the part of the solution usually present in the largest amount
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
the substance that is dissolved by the solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solvent
the part of the solution usually present in the largest amount
solution
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
18 terms
Acids, Bases, and Solutions, chapter 6
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount,…
the substance that is dissolved by the solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
solvent
the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount,…
12 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
amino acids
essential amino acid
polypeptide
denaturation
the building blocks of proteins. Each amino acid contains an…
an amino acid that cannot be synthesized by the body in suffi…
a chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds that is part o…
alteration of a protein's three-dimensional structure
amino acids
the building blocks of proteins. Each amino acid contains an…
essential amino acid
an amino acid that cannot be synthesized by the body in suffi…
Chapter 6 acids, bases, and solutions
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Solubility
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that h…
The part of a solution that is usually present in the largest…
The parts of a solution that is dissolved by a solvent
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
Solution
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that h…
Solvent
The part of a solution that is usually present in the largest…
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
sources of protein in the diet
Nutrients supplied by animal foods
Nutrients supplied by plant sources of…
what is the largest source of protein…
-in canada, disappearance data suggests that 62% of dietary p…
-excellent source of B vitamins ... -minerals such as iron, zinc…
-good source of most (not all) B vitamins ... -also supply iron,…
cereal
sources of protein in the diet
-in canada, disappearance data suggests that 62% of dietary p…
Nutrients supplied by animal foods
-excellent source of B vitamins ... -minerals such as iron, zinc…
70 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
AMDR
RDA
pregnant women should have an RDA of
essential
10-35% of Calories
0.8 g/kg body weight
+25 g/kg body weight
required to function but the body cannot produce it
AMDR
10-35% of Calories
RDA
0.8 g/kg body weight
41 terms
Chapter 6 - The Proteins and Amino Acids
Proteins
Amino acids
Amine group
Side chain
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
The building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
The nitrogen containing portion of an amino acid
The unique chemical structure attached to the backbone of eac…
Proteins
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
Amino acids
The building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
26 terms
Chapter 6 Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
18 terms
Chapter 6 - Acids, Bases & Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
a mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another
the part of a solution that dissolves a solute, is usually pr…
the part of a solution that is dissolved by a solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
a mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another
solvent
the part of a solution that dissolves a solute, is usually pr…
25 terms
Chapter 6 Acids Bases and Solutions
When you add so much solute that no mo…
An example of a use of a base
How to increase the solubility of suga…
A characteristic of acids
saturated solution
making soaps and detergents
heat the water- increase the temperature
turns blue litmus paper red
When you add so much solute that no mo…
saturated solution
An example of a use of a base
making soaps and detergents
44 terms
Chapter 6: The Proteins and Amino Acids
proteins
amino acids
amine group
essential amino acids
compounds composed of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and…
building blocks of protein; each is a compound with an amine…
the nitrogen-containing portion of an amino acid
amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body or that ca…
proteins
compounds composed of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and…
amino acids
building blocks of protein; each is a compound with an amine…
18 terms
Chapter 6 -- Acids, Bases, and Solutions
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Colloid
is a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and…
is the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
is the substance that is dissolved by the solvent
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do…
Solution
is a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and…
Solvent
is the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
55 terms
Chapter 6: Protein/Amino Acids
Protein build up
Amino acids
How many Amino Acids?
Essential amino acids
-Carbon + hydrogen + oxygen + nitrogen... -Amino Acids
-acid group... -amino group... -hydrogen... -carbon... -difference in sid…
20... all different characteristics due to different side groups
-must be supplied by diet because body cannot make at all or…
Protein build up
-Carbon + hydrogen + oxygen + nitrogen... -Amino Acids
Amino acids
-acid group... -amino group... -hydrogen... -carbon... -difference in sid…
23 terms
Chapter 6: the proteins and amino acids
What are proteins
Amino acids are..
how many amino acids are essential?
how many amino acids are non essential?
-strings of amino acids... -20 common amino acids
the building blocks of proteins
9: must come from diet
11: can be made by the body
What are proteins
-strings of amino acids... -20 common amino acids
Amino acids are..
the building blocks of proteins
23 terms
Chapter 6 ions + acids
Ammonium
Oxide
Hydroxide
Silicate
NH4^+
O^-2
OH^-
SiO3^-2
Ammonium
NH4^+
Oxide
O^-2
90 terms
Chapter 6: Amino acids in proteins
What are the 3 groups that amino acids…
What are the 3 ways amino acids can be…
What are the nonpolar hydrophobic amin…
What are the uncharged polar AA's?
Charged... Nonpolar hydrophobic... Uncharged polar
Aliphatic... Cyclic... Aromatic
Alanine... Valine... Leucine... Isoleucine... Phenylalanine... Methionine
Serine... Threonine... Tyrosine... Asparagine... Glutamine
What are the 3 groups that amino acids…
Charged... Nonpolar hydrophobic... Uncharged polar
What are the 3 ways amino acids can be…
Aliphatic... Cyclic... Aromatic
13 terms
chapter 6 amino acids
function of pepsin
chemically when 2 amino acids are join…
denaturation
hydrolysis reaction
pepsin cleaves proteins
dipeptide. peptide bonds unite each amino acid to the next
protein denaturation is caused by external stress. caused by…
major event in the stomach is the partial breakdown of protei…
function of pepsin
pepsin cleaves proteins
chemically when 2 amino acids are join…
dipeptide. peptide bonds unite each amino acid to the next
7 terms
Chapter 6; acids+bases
acid
base
sources of sox
sources of nox
compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+)
compound that releases hydroxide ions (OH)
mainly industrial, transportation, fuel combustion
gasoline, transportation, fuel combustion
acid
compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+)
base
compound that releases hydroxide ions (OH)
20 terms
Chapter 6 nucleic acids
Purine
Pyrimidine
Complementary base pairing
Reading DNA
A,G
C,T
Prevent wrong amino acid encoded into protein
5' to 3'
Purine
A,G
Pyrimidine
C,T
49 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
What type of foods provide the most co…
What are the building blocks of protei…
What are the components of an amino ac…
What gives an amino acid its identity…
animal foods
amino acid
carbon bound to hydrogen... amino group... acid group... side chain ("…
the side chain "R"
What type of foods provide the most co…
animal foods
What are the building blocks of protei…
amino acid
23 terms
IPC: Chapter 6: Solutions, Acids, and Bases
suspension
colloid
emulsion
solution
a mixture that looks uniform when stirred or shaken that sepa…
a mixture of very tiny particles of pure substances that are…
any mixture of immiscible liquids in which the liquids are sp…
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly spr…
suspension
a mixture that looks uniform when stirred or shaken that sepa…
colloid
a mixture of very tiny particles of pure substances that are…
9 terms
Chapter 6- Acids/Bases
Acids
Bases
Oxy acids
PH
Chemcials that when dissolved in H2O relase H+ ions ... -electro…
Chemicals that release OH- when dissolved ... -slippery ... -turns…
- ate= ic ... - ite= ous
A measure of acid strength related to amount of H+ ion solution
Acids
Chemcials that when dissolved in H2O relase H+ ions ... -electro…
Bases
Chemicals that release OH- when dissolved ... -slippery ... -turns…
158 terms
NTR 213 Chapter 6 Proteins & Amino Acids
What do proteins do?
Why are protein so important?
Name some major human activities appro…
Where can parties be found?
Proteins catalyze chemical reactions
Proteins are important for two reasons:... 1. Proteins are fund…
1. Generation... 2. Development... 3. Processing... 4. Renewal
Proteins are found embedded plants and animals.
What do proteins do?
Proteins catalyze chemical reactions
Why are protein so important?
Proteins are important for two reasons:... 1. Proteins are fund…
47 terms
Chapter 6- The Proteins & Amino Acids
Proteins
Protein Chemical Structure
Amino Acids
Side Chain
- Proteins come from the word "Proteois" which means primary…
- Contains: C, H, O, N... - Carbohydrate and nitrogen backbone... -…
- There are 20 different kinds of amino acids... - They are the…
- Chain that links amine group and acid group together... - Crea…
Proteins
- Proteins come from the word "Proteois" which means primary…
Protein Chemical Structure
- Contains: C, H, O, N... - Carbohydrate and nitrogen backbone... -…
8 terms
Chapter 6 Acids and Bases
HCl
HNO3
H2SO4
HBr
Hydrochloric acid
Nitric Acid
Sulfuric Acid
Hydrobromic Acid
HCl
Hydrochloric acid
HNO3
Nitric Acid
9 terms
Chapter 6 - Acids and Bases
corrosive
indicator
base
hydrogen ion
"Wear away" other materials
Compound that changes color in the presence of an acid or a b…
Substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red l…
Positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that ha…
corrosive
"Wear away" other materials
indicator
Compound that changes color in the presence of an acid or a b…
11 terms
Chapter 6: Acids and Bases
Acid Rain
Acids
Strong Acid
Weak Acids
-acidic compounds dissolve in water droplets > acid rain
• Vinegar contains acetic acid... • Lemons contain citric acid... •…
-Hydrogen chloride dissolves in water to form hydrochloric ac…
Acetic Acid, Citric Acid, HF (hydrofluoric acid)
Acid Rain
-acidic compounds dissolve in water droplets > acid rain
Acids
• Vinegar contains acetic acid... • Lemons contain citric acid... •…
41 terms
Chapter 6: The proteins and Amino Acids
Random facts on proteins go!... 12kg of…
To sum up:... Protein
Are you ready to know all the differen…
What are the sources of proteins?
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and triticale…
contributes to CDV disease, obesity, PEM, kidney related prob…
Skin proteins (collagen, elastin, reticulin and others) ... Hair…
fish, beans, eggs, nuts milk, yogurt, cheese, legumes, ... some…
Random facts on proteins go!... 12kg of…
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and triticale…
To sum up:... Protein
contributes to CDV disease, obesity, PEM, kidney related prob…
19 terms
Chapter 6: The Protein and Amino Acids
What composes protein?
The Essential Amino Acids
What is Denaturation of Protein Shape?
Protein Digestion:... Mouth
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
Histidine... Isoleucine... Leucine... Lysine... Phenylalanine... Methionine…
The irreversible change in a protein's shape... Brought about by…
Mechanical only
What composes protein?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
The Essential Amino Acids
Histidine... Isoleucine... Leucine... Lysine... Phenylalanine... Methionine…
27 terms
Chapter 6: Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
Purine bases
Thymine, uracil, cytosine
Adenine
Guanine
Adenine, Guanine
Pyrimidine bases
Purine bases
Adenine, Guanine
Thymine, uracil, cytosine
Pyrimidine bases
44 terms
Chapter 6: The Proteins and Amino Acids
Difference from carbs and fats
Peptide bond
Protein structure
20
Protein contains nitrogen
Very strong bond ... Connects amino acids together... Broken in aci…
...
How many total amino acids
Difference from carbs and fats
Protein contains nitrogen
Peptide bond
Very strong bond ... Connects amino acids together... Broken in aci…
16 terms
Chapter 6: Amino Acids
What are the classifications of amino…
Where can a nonessential amino acid be…
where does the body have to get an ess…
what are conditionally essential amino…
Non-essential amino acids ... Essential amino acids... conditionall…
within the body
from the diet
if there is not enough of something in the diet or the body i…
What are the classifications of amino…
Non-essential amino acids ... Essential amino acids... conditionall…
Where can a nonessential amino acid be…
within the body
29 terms
Chapter 6 - proteins and amino acids
What makes protein unique on a chemica…
What is the composition of protein?
what are the building blocks of protei…
How many essential amino acids are nee…
it contains nitrogen
Carbon Oxygen Hydrogen and Nitrgen
amino acids
9
What makes protein unique on a chemica…
it contains nitrogen
What is the composition of protein?
Carbon Oxygen Hydrogen and Nitrgen
18 terms
Introduction to Chemistry - Chapter 6: Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that h…
the part of a solution that is usually present in the largest…
the part of a solution that is dissolved by a solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that h…
solvent
the part of a solution that is usually present in the largest…
12 terms
Amino Acids Chapter 6
amino acids
examples of amino acids
functions of amino acids
energy
are linked by polypeptide chains
dipeptide, tripeptide, polypeptide
structure, nerve transmission, acid-base balance, enzymes, im…
4Kcals
amino acids
are linked by polypeptide chains
examples of amino acids
dipeptide, tripeptide, polypeptide
61 terms
NTR: chapter 6-Proteins and Amino Acids
What are the sources of protein?
Amino Acids
How many amino acids occur naturally?
How many amino acids are essential?
animal products: meats (beef, poultry, pork, and fish)... Eggs... D…
building blocks of proteins... contains: carbon, hydrogen, acid…
20
9
What are the sources of protein?
animal products: meats (beef, poultry, pork, and fish)... Eggs... D…
Amino Acids
building blocks of proteins... contains: carbon, hydrogen, acid…
107 terms
Nutrition Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
Proteins contain ________, _________,…
Proteins keeps us together___________.
What vital compounds are proteins?
Proteins help regulate _________ and _…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
structurally
enzymes, hormones, and transport proteins
acid-base and fluid balance
Proteins contain ________, _________,…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Proteins keeps us together___________.
structurally
44 terms
Chapter 6: proteins and amino acids
Proteins
Amino acid
Acid group
Amine group
Compounds in your body that consist of numerous amino acids a…
The building blocks of protein. Amino acid's contain carbon,…
The COOH group that is part of every amino acid; also called…
The nitrogen containing part (NH 2) of an amino acid.
Proteins
Compounds in your body that consist of numerous amino acids a…
Amino acid
The building blocks of protein. Amino acid's contain carbon,…
19 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
Legumes
Amino acids
Essential amino acids (indispensable a…
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
The starchy seeds of plants that produce bean pods, including…
The building blocks of the proteins. Each contains an amino g…
Amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body in suffici…
A genetic disease in which the amino acid phenylalanine canno…
Legumes
The starchy seeds of plants that produce bean pods, including…
Amino acids
The building blocks of the proteins. Each contains an amino g…
53 terms
Biochem Chapter 6 Amino acids
Amino, Carboxyl, hydrogen
L
Zwitterions
Glycine
All amino acids consts of an alpha carbon off of which there…
Human proteins are made strictly out of amino acids in the (D…
_______ are neutral molecules that have both a positive and a…
All amino acids contain an asymmetric alpha carbon as a chira…
Amino, Carboxyl, hydrogen
All amino acids consts of an alpha carbon off of which there…
L
Human proteins are made strictly out of amino acids in the (D…
39 terms
Chapter 6 Proteins & Amino Acids
proteins
amino acids
amine group
side chain
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
the building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
the nitrogen-containing portion of an amino acid
the unique chemical structure attached to the backbone of eac…
proteins
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
amino acids
the building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
53 terms
Chapter 6 ~ Proteins + Amino Acids
main food groups containing protein
protein is high in many vitamins, but…
structure of amino acids
amino acids (essential and non-essenti…
- milk group and meat group
- vitamin c and folate
- side chain (gives it its unique function)... - acid group ... - a…
- 9 essential ... - 11 non-essential
main food groups containing protein
- milk group and meat group
protein is high in many vitamins, but…
- vitamin c and folate
49 terms
Chapter 6: Protein: Amino Acids
proteins
amino
nonessential amino acids
essential amino acids
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen a…
Building blocks of proteins. Each contains an amino group, an…
Amino acids that the body can make; also called dispensable a…
Amino acids that the body requires but cannot make, and so mu…
proteins
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen a…
amino
Building blocks of proteins. Each contains an amino group, an…
37 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins & Amino Acids
legume
amino acids
essential amino acid (indispensable am…
nonessential amino acid (dispensable a…
the starchy seed of a plant that produces bean pods; includes…
the building blocks of proteins. each amino acid contains an…
an amino acid that cannot be synthesized by the body in suffi…
the 11 amino acids that are commonly found in protein are "no…
legume
the starchy seed of a plant that produces bean pods; includes…
amino acids
the building blocks of proteins. each amino acid contains an…
17 terms
Chapter 6 Protein and Amino Acids
protein
9 11
4
coil
The building blocks of ________________ are:... Carbon... Hydogen…
How many amino acids? Essential vs Nonessential:... ___ essentia…
How many calories per gram of protein?
What does the shape of a protein look line?
protein
The building blocks of ________________ are:... Carbon... Hydogen…
9 11
How many amino acids? Essential vs Nonessential:... ___ essentia…
59 terms
Chapter6: Protein: Amino Acids
proteins
amino acids
non essential amino acids
essential amino acids
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen a…
building blocks of proteins. each contains an amino group, an…
11 amino acids that the body can make, also called dispensibl…
9 amino acids that the body cannot make at all or cannot make…
proteins
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen a…
amino acids
building blocks of proteins. each contains an amino group, an…
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