Study sets matching "acids chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "acids chapter 6"

Chapter 6- Amino Acids
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Glycine
Alanine
10 terms
Chapter 6 Acids
HClO3
HNO3
H2SO4
H2CO3
chloric acid
nitric acid
sulfuric acid
carbonic acid
HClO3
chloric acid
HNO3
nitric acid
chapter 6 acids
SUSPENSION
SOLUTION
SOLVENT
SOLUTE
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
A very well mixed mixture, having the same properties through…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
SUSPENSION
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
SOLUTION
A very well mixed mixture, having the same properties through…
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Proteins and Amino Acids
8
7
20
amino acids
One cup of milk has how many grams of protein?
One egg has how many grams of protein?
3 ounces of meat has how many grams of protein?
What are the building blocks of protein?
8
One cup of milk has how many grams of protein?
7
One egg has how many grams of protein?
18 terms
Acids, Bases, and Solutions, Chapter 6
solvent
solution
solute
colloid
the part of the solution usually present in the largest amount
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
the substance that is dissolved by the solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solvent
the part of the solution usually present in the largest amount
solution
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
18 terms
Acids, Bases, and Solutions, chapter 6
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount,…
the substance that is dissolved by the solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
solvent
the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount,…
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6: Solutions, Acids, and Bases
Solution
Suspension
Colloid
Solvent
a homogenous mixture that is wel mixed
a mixture where particles can be seen and separated easily by…
a heterogeneous mixture affect the path of light by scatterin…
the part of the solution that is present in a greater amount
Solution
a homogenous mixture that is wel mixed
Suspension
a mixture where particles can be seen and separated easily by…
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
amino acids
essential amino acid
polypeptide
denaturation
the building blocks of proteins. Each amino acid contains an…
an amino acid that cannot be synthesized by the body in suffi…
a chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds that is part o…
alteration of a protein's three-dimensional structure
amino acids
the building blocks of proteins. Each amino acid contains an…
essential amino acid
an amino acid that cannot be synthesized by the body in suffi…
6 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Acids
Hydrochloric Acid
Sulfuric Acid
Nitric Acid
Acetic Acid
HCl
H2SO4
NHO3
CH3COOH
Hydrochloric Acid
HCl
Sulfuric Acid
H2SO4
Chapter 6 acids, bases, and solutions
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Solubility
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that h…
The part of a solution that is usually present in the largest…
The parts of a solution that is dissolved by a solvent
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
Solution
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that h…
Solvent
The part of a solution that is usually present in the largest…
41 terms
Chapter 6 - The Proteins and Amino Acids
Proteins
Amino acids
Amine group
Side chain
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
The building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
The nitrogen containing portion of an amino acid
The unique chemical structure attached to the backbone of eac…
Proteins
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
Amino acids
The building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
23 terms
Chapter 6 ions + acids
Ammonium
Oxide
Hydroxide
Silicate
NH4^+
O^-2
OH^-
SiO3^-2
Ammonium
NH4^+
Oxide
O^-2
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
sources of protein in the diet
Nutrients supplied by animal foods
Nutrients supplied by plant sources of…
what is the largest source of protein…
-in canada, disappearance data suggests that 62% of dietary p…
-excellent source of B vitamins ... -minerals such as iron, zinc…
-good source of most (not all) B vitamins ... -also supply iron,…
cereal
sources of protein in the diet
-in canada, disappearance data suggests that 62% of dietary p…
Nutrients supplied by animal foods
-excellent source of B vitamins ... -minerals such as iron, zinc…
13 terms
chapter 6 amino acids
function of pepsin
chemically when 2 amino acids are join…
denaturation
hydrolysis reaction
pepsin cleaves proteins
dipeptide. peptide bonds unite each amino acid to the next
protein denaturation is caused by external stress. caused by…
major event in the stomach is the partial breakdown of protei…
function of pepsin
pepsin cleaves proteins
chemically when 2 amino acids are join…
dipeptide. peptide bonds unite each amino acid to the next
5 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 acids
HCl
HNO3
H2SO4
H3PO4
hydrochloric acid
nitric acid
sulfuric acid
phosphoric acid
HCl
hydrochloric acid
HNO3
nitric acid
Chapter 6 Acids and Bases Vocabulary
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Colloid
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
The part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
The substance that is dissolved by the solvent
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
Solution
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
Solvent
The part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
26 terms
Chapter 6 Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
20 terms
Chapter 6 nucleic acids
Purine
Pyrimidine
Complementary base pairing
Reading DNA
A,G
C,T
Prevent wrong amino acid encoded into protein
5' to 3'
Purine
A,G
Pyrimidine
C,T
18 terms
Chapter 6 - Acids, Bases & Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
a mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another
the part of a solution that dissolves a solute, is usually pr…
the part of a solution that is dissolved by a solvent
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
a mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another
solvent
the part of a solution that dissolves a solute, is usually pr…
25 terms
Chapter 6 Acids Bases and Solutions
When you add so much solute that no mo…
An example of a use of a base
How to increase the solubility of suga…
A characteristic of acids
saturated solution
making soaps and detergents
heat the water- increase the temperature
turns blue litmus paper red
When you add so much solute that no mo…
saturated solution
An example of a use of a base
making soaps and detergents
9 terms
Chapter 6- Acids/Bases
Acids
Bases
Oxy acids
PH
Chemcials that when dissolved in H2O relase H+ ions ... -electro…
Chemicals that release OH- when dissolved ... -slippery ... -turns…
- ate= ic ... - ite= ous
A measure of acid strength related to amount of H+ ion solution
Acids
Chemcials that when dissolved in H2O relase H+ ions ... -electro…
Bases
Chemicals that release OH- when dissolved ... -slippery ... -turns…
Chapter 6: The Proteins and Amino Acids
proteins
amino acids
amine group
essential amino acids
compounds composed of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and…
building blocks of protein; each is a compound with an amine…
the nitrogen-containing portion of an amino acid
amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body or that ca…
proteins
compounds composed of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and…
amino acids
building blocks of protein; each is a compound with an amine…
Chapter 6 Acids and Bases
HCl
HNO3
H2SO4
HBr
Hydrochloric acid
Nitric Acid
Sulfuric Acid
Hydrobromic Acid
HCl
Hydrochloric acid
HNO3
Nitric Acid
Chapter 6 -- Acids, Bases, and Solutions
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Colloid
is a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and…
is the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
is the substance that is dissolved by the solvent
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do…
Solution
is a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and…
Solvent
is the part of a solution usually present in the largest amount
11 terms
Chapter 6: Acids and Bases
Acid Rain
Acids
Strong Acid
Weak Acids
-acidic compounds dissolve in water droplets > acid rain
• Vinegar contains acetic acid... • Lemons contain citric acid... •…
-Hydrogen chloride dissolves in water to form hydrochloric ac…
Acetic Acid, Citric Acid, HF (hydrofluoric acid)
Acid Rain
-acidic compounds dissolve in water droplets > acid rain
Acids
• Vinegar contains acetic acid... • Lemons contain citric acid... •…
23 terms
Chapter 6: the proteins and amino acids
What are proteins
Amino acids are..
how many amino acids are essential?
how many amino acids are non essential?
-strings of amino acids... -20 common amino acids
the building blocks of proteins
9: must come from diet
11: can be made by the body
What are proteins
-strings of amino acids... -20 common amino acids
Amino acids are..
the building blocks of proteins
Chapter 6: Amino acids in proteins
What are the 3 groups that amino acids…
What are the 3 ways amino acids can be…
What are the nonpolar hydrophobic amin…
What are the uncharged polar AA's?
Charged... Nonpolar hydrophobic... Uncharged polar
Aliphatic... Cyclic... Aromatic
Alanine... Valine... Leucine... Isoleucine... Phenylalanine... Methionine
Serine... Threonine... Tyrosine... Asparagine... Glutamine
What are the 3 groups that amino acids…
Charged... Nonpolar hydrophobic... Uncharged polar
What are the 3 ways amino acids can be…
Aliphatic... Cyclic... Aromatic
49 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
What type of foods provide the most co…
What are the building blocks of protei…
What are the components of an amino ac…
What gives an amino acid its identity…
animal foods
amino acid
carbon bound to hydrogen... amino group... acid group... side chain ("…
the side chain "R"
What type of foods provide the most co…
animal foods
What are the building blocks of protei…
amino acid
44 terms
Chapter 6: The Proteins and Amino Acids
Difference from carbs and fats
Peptide bond
Protein structure
20
Protein contains nitrogen
Very strong bond ... Connects amino acids together... Broken in aci…
...
How many total amino acids
Difference from carbs and fats
Protein contains nitrogen
Peptide bond
Very strong bond ... Connects amino acids together... Broken in aci…
158 terms
NTR 213 Chapter 6 Proteins & Amino Acids
What do proteins do?
Why are protein so important?
Name some major human activities appro…
Where can parties be found?
Proteins catalyze chemical reactions
Proteins are important for two reasons:... 1. Proteins are fund…
1. Generation... 2. Development... 3. Processing... 4. Renewal
Proteins are found embedded plants and animals.
What do proteins do?
Proteins catalyze chemical reactions
Why are protein so important?
Proteins are important for two reasons:... 1. Proteins are fund…
47 terms
Chapter 6- The Proteins & Amino Acids
Proteins
Protein Chemical Structure
Amino Acids
Side Chain
- Proteins come from the word "Proteois" which means primary…
- Contains: C, H, O, N... - Carbohydrate and nitrogen backbone... -…
- There are 20 different kinds of amino acids... - They are the…
- Chain that links amine group and acid group together... - Crea…
Proteins
- Proteins come from the word "Proteois" which means primary…
Protein Chemical Structure
- Contains: C, H, O, N... - Carbohydrate and nitrogen backbone... -…
Chapter 6: The proteins and Amino Acids
Random facts on proteins go!... 12kg of…
To sum up:... Protein
Are you ready to know all the differen…
What are the sources of proteins?
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and triticale…
contributes to CDV disease, obesity, PEM, kidney related prob…
Skin proteins (collagen, elastin, reticulin and others) ... Hair…
fish, beans, eggs, nuts milk, yogurt, cheese, legumes, ... some…
Random facts on proteins go!... 12kg of…
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and triticale…
To sum up:... Protein
contributes to CDV disease, obesity, PEM, kidney related prob…
19 terms
Chapter 6: The Protein and Amino Acids
What composes protein?
The Essential Amino Acids
What is Denaturation of Protein Shape?
Protein Digestion:... Mouth
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
Histidine... Isoleucine... Leucine... Lysine... Phenylalanine... Methionine…
The irreversible change in a protein's shape... Brought about by…
Mechanical only
What composes protein?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
The Essential Amino Acids
Histidine... Isoleucine... Leucine... Lysine... Phenylalanine... Methionine…
Amino Acids Chapter 6
amino acids
examples of amino acids
functions of amino acids
energy
are linked by polypeptide chains
dipeptide, tripeptide, polypeptide
structure, nerve transmission, acid-base balance, enzymes, im…
4Kcals
amino acids
are linked by polypeptide chains
examples of amino acids
dipeptide, tripeptide, polypeptide
70 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
AMDR
RDA
pregnant women should have an RDA of
essential
10-35% of Calories
0.8 g/kg body weight
+25 g/kg body weight
required to function but the body cannot produce it
AMDR
10-35% of Calories
RDA
0.8 g/kg body weight
Chapter 6 Acids and Bases
The more H+ the lower the number on th…
Is the HYDROXIDE ION found in acids or…
If a substance is not acidic or basic,…
Neutralization products
Acids on the pH scale
Bases
Neutral substance
Water and a salt
The more H+ the lower the number on th…
Acids on the pH scale
Is the HYDROXIDE ION found in acids or…
Bases
27 terms
Chapter 6: Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
Purine bases
Thymine, uracil, cytosine
Adenine
Guanine
Adenine, Guanine
Pyrimidine bases
Purine bases
Adenine, Guanine
Thymine, uracil, cytosine
Pyrimidine bases
53 terms
Biochem Chapter 6 Amino acids
Amino, Carboxyl, hydrogen
L
Zwitterions
Glycine
All amino acids consts of an alpha carbon off of which there…
Human proteins are made strictly out of amino acids in the (D…
_______ are neutral molecules that have both a positive and a…
All amino acids contain an asymmetric alpha carbon as a chira…
Amino, Carboxyl, hydrogen
All amino acids consts of an alpha carbon off of which there…
L
Human proteins are made strictly out of amino acids in the (D…
39 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and Amino Acids
proteins
amino acids
acid group
side chain
compounds in your body that consist of numerous amino acids a…
building blocks of proteins containing carbon, hydrogen, oxyg…
the COOH group that is part of every amino acid, aka the carb…
side group of an amino acid that provides it with its unique…
proteins
compounds in your body that consist of numerous amino acids a…
amino acids
building blocks of proteins containing carbon, hydrogen, oxyg…
53 terms
Chapter 6 ~ Proteins + Amino Acids
main food groups containing protein
protein is high in many vitamins, but…
structure of amino acids
amino acids (essential and non-essenti…
- milk group and meat group
- vitamin c and folate
- side chain (gives it its unique function)... - acid group ... - a…
- 9 essential ... - 11 non-essential
main food groups containing protein
- milk group and meat group
protein is high in many vitamins, but…
- vitamin c and folate
Chapter 6 Proteins & Amino Acids
proteins
amino acids
amine group
side chain
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
the building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
the nitrogen-containing portion of an amino acid
the unique chemical structure attached to the backbone of eac…
proteins
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
amino acids
the building blocks of protein. Each has an amine group at on…
101 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and amino acids
Amino acids
Essential amino acids (the body cant m…
Amino acids are joined together by pep…
Amino acids etc..
- contains nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... - consists…
"TV TILL PM" ... - Threonine... - Valine... - Tryptophan... - Isoleucine…
2 amino acids = dipeptide... 3 amino acids = tripeptide... more tha…
- Amino acids can be recycled which conserves a valuable comm…
Amino acids
- contains nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... - consists…
Essential amino acids (the body cant m…
"TV TILL PM" ... - Threonine... - Valine... - Tryptophan... - Isoleucine…
15 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins & Amino Acids
dispensable amino acid (nonessential)
indispensable amino acid (essential)
peptide
peptide bond
amino acids that the body can make if supplied with adequate…
amino acids that the body cannot make at all or cannot make e…
when amino acids link in specific sequences to form strands o…
the bond between two amino acids formed when a carboxyl (-COO…
dispensable amino acid (nonessential)
amino acids that the body can make if supplied with adequate…
indispensable amino acid (essential)
amino acids that the body cannot make at all or cannot make e…
13 terms
Chapter 6: acids and bases
What does an acid produce in water?
What does a base produce in water?
Which side of the ph scale are acids f…
Which side are bases found?
Hydrogen Ion
Hydroxide ion
Lower than 7
Higher than 7
What does an acid produce in water?
Hydrogen Ion
What does a base produce in water?
Hydroxide ion
25 terms
Chapter 6 Protein: Amino Acids
Amino Acids
Essential AA
Non-essential AA
Proteins
building blocks of proteins. Each contains an amino group, an…
cannot be produced by our bodies (9)... • Must be obtained from…
can be made by our bodies (11)
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
Amino Acids
building blocks of proteins. Each contains an amino group, an…
Essential AA
cannot be produced by our bodies (9)... • Must be obtained from…
Chapter 6 Proteins & Amino Acids
Proteins are made of
Amino acids contain 3 things
Stored supple of amino acid
process of breaking down and synthesiz…
Amino Acids
an acid group, an amine group, and a unique side chain
amino acid pool
protein turnover
Proteins are made of
Amino Acids
Amino acids contain 3 things
an acid group, an amine group, and a unique side chain
Chapter 6: Proteins and amino acids
dietary sources of protein
animal
plants
nuts
animal and plant sources
meat, eggs, dairy products... high in sat fat and cholesterol ... p…
grains, nuts, legumes... low in sat fat, cholesterol ... high in fi…
single seeded ... indehiscent smells
dietary sources of protein
animal and plant sources
animal
meat, eggs, dairy products... high in sat fat and cholesterol ... p…
101 terms
Chapter 6: Proteins and amino acids
Amino acids
Essential amino acids (the body cant m…
Amino acids are joined together by pep…
Amino acids etc..
- contains nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... - consists…
"TV TILL PM" ... - Threonine... - Valine... - Tryptophan... - Isoleucine…
2 amino acids = dipeptide... 3 amino acids = tripeptide... more tha…
- Amino acids can be recycled which conserves a valuable comm…
Amino acids
- contains nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... - consists…
Essential amino acids (the body cant m…
"TV TILL PM" ... - Threonine... - Valine... - Tryptophan... - Isoleucine…
23 terms
Chapter 6: proteins/ amino acids
Elements of a protein
Monomer of protein
Amino acid structure
Dipepeptide bond formation
C, H, O, N
Amino acids.
Central Carbon w/ Hydrogen, acid carboxyl group, side group (…
1. Carboxyl group + AA group ... 2. Dehydration synthesis- join…
Elements of a protein
C, H, O, N
Monomer of protein
Amino acids.
26 terms
Chapter 6 Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
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