Study sets matching "adaptation chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "adaptation chapter 3"

17 terms
Chapter 3 - Adaptation
Adaptation
Evolution
Variation
Physical Adaptation
Any structure, function, or behavior that helps an organism s…
Claims that animals have changed over millions of years from…
A difference in a structure, form, or function.
A special structure or design of an animal or plant part that…
Adaptation
Any structure, function, or behavior that helps an organism s…
Evolution
Claims that animals have changed over millions of years from…
31 terms
Adaptation - Chapter 3
adaptation
evolution
variation
physical adaptation
Any structure, function, or behavior that helps an organism s…
A theory that claims organisms have changed from one kind of…
A difference in a structure, form or function.
A special structure or design of an animal that helps it surv…
adaptation
Any structure, function, or behavior that helps an organism s…
evolution
A theory that claims organisms have changed from one kind of…
41 terms
Adaptation Chapter 3
how do camels cool there brains
behaviorally how does a camel cool its…
camels can use the 30-40 percent of th…
what do camels do at night with the he…
water that evaporates as the camel breaths cools the blood in…
turn toward the sun less exposure
water
lay on the ground and release it
how do camels cool there brains
water that evaporates as the camel breaths cools the blood in…
behaviorally how does a camel cool its…
turn toward the sun less exposure
9 terms
Science Chapter 3: Adaptations
4 basic needs organisms must have to s…
adaptation
natural selection
instinct
food, water, air, shelter
a body part or behavior that helps an organism to survive in…
a process in which the healthiest organisms in an ecosystem a…
a behavior that an animal is born with; a behavior that does…
4 basic needs organisms must have to s…
food, water, air, shelter
adaptation
a body part or behavior that helps an organism to survive in…
Chapter 3: Cellular Adaptation
adaptation
Types of cellular injury
atrophy
hypertrophy
reversible, structural, or functional response to chances in…
chemical, hypoxic, free radical, intentional, unintentional,…
decrease in cell size
increase in cell size
adaptation
reversible, structural, or functional response to chances in…
Types of cellular injury
chemical, hypoxic, free radical, intentional, unintentional,…
16 terms
Chapter 3: Cellular Adaptation
how cells maintain homeostasis
nutrients
water
minerals
nutrients, water, minerals, and oxygen
used to make energy-ATP
needed to maintain cell pH and carry nutrients/ minerals to w…
electrolytes: Na, K, Cl, Ca and Fe
how cells maintain homeostasis
nutrients, water, minerals, and oxygen
nutrients
used to make energy-ATP
31 terms
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
progress and material comfort
sanction
equality and democracy
efficiency and practicality
American value that goes hand-in-hand with the belief in the…
Reward or punishment used to enforce conformity to norms
American belief that citizens have the right to participate f…
American value reflected in the belief that every problem has…
progress and material comfort
American value that goes hand-in-hand with the belief in the…
sanction
Reward or punishment used to enforce conformity to norms
31 terms
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
progress and material comfort
sanction
equality and democracy
efficiency and practicality
American value that goes hand-in-hand with the belief in the…
Reward or punishment used to enforce conformity to norms
American belief that citizens have the right to participate f…
American value reflected in the belief that every problem has…
progress and material comfort
American value that goes hand-in-hand with the belief in the…
sanction
Reward or punishment used to enforce conformity to norms
Chapter 3: Adaptations
Basic Needs
Adaptation
Natural Selection
Instinct
Food, water, air, and shelter that an organism needs to survi…
A body part or behavior that helps an organism survive.
A process in which the best adapted organisms in an ecosystem…
A behavior that an animal begins life with
Basic Needs
Food, water, air, and shelter that an organism needs to survi…
Adaptation
A body part or behavior that helps an organism survive.
25 terms
Chapter 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Self-fulfillment
Traditional American Values
Narcissism
Robin M. Williams
To develop one's talent, personality and potential
Individualism, Work, Progress, Material Comfort, Equality, Fr…
Extreme self-centeredness.
sociologist that analyzed American values and identified a se…
Self-fulfillment
To develop one's talent, personality and potential
Traditional American Values
Individualism, Work, Progress, Material Comfort, Equality, Fr…
14 terms
Chapter 3- Adaptations
Hibernation
Adaptation
Instincts
Basic Needs
Both breathing rate and body temperature change during ______…
The development of a thick beak for grinding seeds is an ____…
Behaviors that you begin life with are _________.
Air and water are __________.
Hibernation
Both breathing rate and body temperature change during ______…
Adaptation
The development of a thick beak for grinding seeds is an ____…
9 terms
Science Chapter 3 Adaptations
adaptation
basic needs
extinction
fossil
a body part or behavior that helps an organism survive
food, water, air, and shelter that an organism needs to survive
the death of all the members of a certain group of organisms
the remains or traces of a plant or animal that lived long ago
adaptation
a body part or behavior that helps an organism survive
basic needs
food, water, air, and shelter that an organism needs to survive
Sociology: chapter 3 cultural conformity and adaptation Vocab
Traditional American Values
Personal achievement
Individualism
Work
15 values central to the American way of life
Most evident in the area of employment where achievement equa…
Individual effort is the key to personal achievement
View those who choose not to work as lazy or immoral
Traditional American Values
15 values central to the American way of life
Personal achievement
Most evident in the area of employment where achievement equa…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
American Value System
Robin M. Williams
Self-fulfillment
Narcissism
Ethnic, racial, religious, social-status, and geographical va…
Conducted a study called American Society; Identified a list…
Values such as leisure, physical fitness, and youthfulness
extreme self-centeredness
American Value System
Ethnic, racial, religious, social-status, and geographical va…
Robin M. Williams
Conducted a study called American Society; Identified a list…
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity & Adaptation
Self-fufilment
Narcissism
Robin M. Williams
James M. Henslin
A commitment to the full development of one's personality, ta…
Extreme self-centeredness
Sociologist who published a study called American Society and…
Added me re core values: education, nationalism/patriotism, s…
Self-fufilment
A commitment to the full development of one's personality, ta…
Narcissism
Extreme self-centeredness
12 terms
Heidi (adapted) Chapter 3
shrill
glistened
pasture
meager
high pitched and piercing sound
shine, glitter
land covered with grass, especially for animals
lean, thin; lacking
shrill
high pitched and piercing sound
glistened
shine, glitter
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Personal Achievement
Work
Morality and Humanitarian
Efficiency and Practicality
Valued by most American, most evident in the area of employme…
Discipline, dedication, and hard work are seen as signs of vi…
Our country is founded on strong religious faith and on a bel…
Americans tend to be practical and inventive; believe that ev…
Personal Achievement
Valued by most American, most evident in the area of employme…
Work
Discipline, dedication, and hard work are seen as signs of vi…
16 terms
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Traditional American Values
Self-fulfillment
Narcissism
Internalization
Personal Achievement, Individualism, Work, Equality and Democ…
Value that includes leisure, phsyical fitness, and youthflness
Extreme self-centeredness
The process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's…
Traditional American Values
Personal Achievement, Individualism, Work, Equality and Democ…
Self-fulfillment
Value that includes leisure, phsyical fitness, and youthflness
16 terms
Chapter 3 Adaptations - 4th
basic needs
adaptation
natural selection
instinct
Food, water, air, and shelter that an organism needs to survive
A body part or behavior that helps an organism survive
A process in which the best adapted organisms in an ecosystem…
A behavior that an animal begins life with
basic needs
Food, water, air, and shelter that an organism needs to survive
adaptation
A body part or behavior that helps an organism survive
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
personal achievement
individualism
work
morality & humanitarianism
- the importance of personal achievement is the most evident…
- key to personal achievement, success comes from hard work a…
- discipline, dedication, and hard work as a sign of virtue
-help those who are less fortunate than themselves
personal achievement
- the importance of personal achievement is the most evident…
individualism
- key to personal achievement, success comes from hard work a…
Chapter 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Self-fulfillment
Narcissism
Internalization
Sanctions
Commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
extreme self-centeredness
process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's per…
Rewards or punishments used to enforce conformity to norms
Self-fulfillment
Commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
Narcissism
extreme self-centeredness
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
self-fulfillment
narcissism
Traditional American Values
Personal Achievement
commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
extreme self-centeredness
1) Personal Achievement... 2) Individualism... 3) Work... 4) Morality…
can be measured in power and wealth
self-fulfillment
commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
narcissism
extreme self-centeredness
Chapter 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
self fulfillment
Narcissism
Internalization
Sanctions
commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
extreme self-centeredness
process by which a norm becomes a part of an individuals pers…
rewards or punishments used to enforce conformity to norms
self fulfillment
commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
Narcissism
extreme self-centeredness
14 terms
Chapter 3/ Cultural Conformity And Adaptation
Self-fullfillment
Narcissism
Sanction
Positive sanction
Commitment to full development of ones personality, talents,…
Extreme self-centerness
Rewards or punishment used to enforce conformity to the norms.
Sanction in the form of a reward
Self-fullfillment
Commitment to full development of ones personality, talents,…
Narcissism
Extreme self-centerness
37 terms
Chapter 3 Adaptation and Conflict
Theory
Movements of Forced Labor
Contract Labor Movement
Political Refugees
a conception framework used to interpret or explain some aspe…
involuntary immigration such as the forcible removal of Afric…
the migration of indentured Irish servants to the English col…
streams of refugees produced by war
Theory
a conception framework used to interpret or explain some aspe…
Movements of Forced Labor
involuntary immigration such as the forcible removal of Afric…
Chapter 3: Cultural Comformity and Adaptation
personal achivement
individualism
work
morality
this value is mainly measured in employment.
is the key to personal achievement hard work and believe that…
Americans view discipline, dedication, and hard work are sign…
they view the world in terms of right and wrong.
personal achivement
this value is mainly measured in employment.
individualism
is the key to personal achievement hard work and believe that…
31 terms
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
progress and material comfort
sanction
equality and democracy
efficiency and practicality
American value that goes hand-in-hand with the belief in the…
Reward or punishment used to enforce conformity to norms
American belief that citizens have the right to participate f…
American value reflected in the belief that every problem has…
progress and material comfort
American value that goes hand-in-hand with the belief in the…
sanction
Reward or punishment used to enforce conformity to norms
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Personal Achievement
Individualism
Work
Morality and Humanitarianism
often is measured in terms of power and wealth
has a negative side, individual effort and hard work
view hard work as a sign of virtue, view those who choose not…
justice and equality and charity towards those who are less f…
Personal Achievement
often is measured in terms of power and wealth
Individualism
has a negative side, individual effort and hard work
18 terms
Cultural conformity and adaptation (chapter 3)
Positive sanction
Formal control
Personalization
Informal sanction
A reward or punishment given by a formal organization.
The enforcing of norms through either sanctions or internaliz…
The process by which a norm becomes a part of one's personality
A spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval
Positive sanction
A reward or punishment given by a formal organization.
Formal control
The enforcing of norms through either sanctions or internaliz…
Chapter 3 Plant Adaptations
carbon dioxide
nutrient
photosynthesis
dormancy
...
...
...
...
carbon dioxide
...
nutrient
...
14 terms
Adaptations Chapter 3
basic needs
adaptation
migration
instincts
food, water, air, and shelter
body part or a behavior that a living thing gets from its par…
moving from a summer home to a winter home and back again
all behaviors that animals begin life with that help them mee…
basic needs
food, water, air, and shelter
adaptation
body part or a behavior that a living thing gets from its par…
Chapter 3 Changing and Adapting
An inherited trait that helps a specie…
Process that results in changes in the…
The idea that those organisms best ada…
Adaptation that involves body parts or…
adaptation
evolution
natural selection
structural adaptation
An inherited trait that helps a specie…
adaptation
Process that results in changes in the…
evolution
7 terms
Adapted Review: Chapter 3.2-3.3
Phenotype
Brown Hair
Genotype
Codominance
A living thing's physical appearance, or the traits you can s…
Example of a phenotype
A living thing's genetic information. It is too small to see.
Two or more traits that show up equally on a living thing.
Phenotype
A living thing's physical appearance, or the traits you can s…
Brown Hair
Example of a phenotype
Chapter 3 - Adaptations
basic needs
adaptation
natural selection
instinct
Food, water, air and shelter that an organism needs to survive.
A body part or behavior that helps an organism survive.
A process in which the healthiest organisms in an ecosystem a…
A behavior that an animal begins life with.
basic needs
Food, water, air and shelter that an organism needs to survive.
adaptation
A body part or behavior that helps an organism survive.
Chapter 3 Adaptations
Instinct
Learned behaviors
Basic needs
Fossil
An inherited behavior that helps an animal meet its needs.
Behaviors that were taught to an animal and help it meet its…
Food, water, and shelter.
Evidence of a plant or animal that lived long ago.
Instinct
An inherited behavior that helps an animal meet its needs.
Learned behaviors
Behaviors that were taught to an animal and help it meet its…
Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Self-fulfillment
Narcissim
Internalization
Sanctions
Commitment to the full developement of one's personality, tal…
Extreme self-centeredness
Process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's per…
Rewards or punishments used to enforce conformity to norms
Self-fulfillment
Commitment to the full developement of one's personality, tal…
Narcissim
Extreme self-centeredness
20 terms
Chapter 3 Adaptations in Ecosystem
Adaptations
Hibernate
Camouflage
Mimicry
Traits that help an organism survive in its environment.
When an animal's body activities slow down and it lives off b…
A trait in which an animal hides by blending in with its envi…
An adaptation in which one kind of organism looks like another.
Adaptations
Traits that help an organism survive in its environment.
Hibernate
When an animal's body activities slow down and it lives off b…
Sociology: chapter 3 cultural conformity and adaptation
Who is Traditional American Values ide…
Which value gets ahead by outdoing oth…
Which value believed if you don't succ…
Which value believed in work hard, pla…
Robin Williams & James Henslin
Personal achievement
Individualism
Work
Who is Traditional American Values ide…
Robin Williams & James Henslin
Which value gets ahead by outdoing oth…
Personal achievement
7 terms
Chapter 3- Adaptations
behavioral adaptation
structural adaptation
mold
cast
an inherited behavior that helps an organism survive
an adaption of an organisms body parts or its coloring
a fossil that is a hollow place shaped like a organism
a fossil formed by sediments filling up a mold
behavioral adaptation
an inherited behavior that helps an organism survive
structural adaptation
an adaption of an organisms body parts or its coloring
10 terms
Huck Finn Adapted Chapter 3
whiskers
meddle
highfalutin
ignorant
a long hair growing from the face
to be nosy
more important than others
uneducated
whiskers
a long hair growing from the face
meddle
to be nosy
13 terms
Adaptations Chapter 3
adaptation
hibernation
basic needs
learned behaviors
a body part or behavior that helps something live
a dormant inactive state in which normal body activities slow
food, water, air, and shelter
behaviors that were taught to an animal and help it meet its…
adaptation
a body part or behavior that helps something live
hibernation
a dormant inactive state in which normal body activities slow
18 terms
Science chapter 3 adaptations
name the 5 functions of all living thi…
What are adaptations?
name 2 animal adaptations for cold cli…
name 2 animal adaptations for the dese…
eat, use energy, go to the bathroom, reproduce, respond to th…
inherited traits that help a species survive
padded paws, thick fur, layer of fat-blubber
the animals come out at night, they have very little water in…
name the 5 functions of all living thi…
eat, use energy, go to the bathroom, reproduce, respond to th…
What are adaptations?
inherited traits that help a species survive
22 terms
Chapter 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
Assimilation
Self-fulfillment
Positive Sanctions
Internalization
Blending of cultural he distinct groups into a single group w…
Significant new values that have emerged in the United States
Examples include praise, cheers, and applause
Process by which a norm becomes part of an individual's perso…
Assimilation
Blending of cultural he distinct groups into a single group w…
Self-fulfillment
Significant new values that have emerged in the United States
24 terms
Science Chapter 3 "Adaptations in Ecosystems"
environmental change
fossils
tropism
endangered species
this happens when a volcano erupts
evidence of the organism's past
when plants bend to reach sunlight
a plant or animal that is close to becoming extinct
environmental change
this happens when a volcano erupts
fossils
evidence of the organism's past
7 terms
Chapter 3 Lesson 3, Adaptation and Survival
adaptation
camouflage
protective coloration
protective resemblence
any characteristic that helps an organism survive in its envi…
any coloring, shape, or pattern that allows an organism to bl…
a type of camouflage in which the color of an organism allows…
a type of camouflage in which an organisms color, texture, an…
adaptation
any characteristic that helps an organism survive in its envi…
camouflage
any coloring, shape, or pattern that allows an organism to bl…
35 terms
Chapter 3 - Adapting to the Environment
innate behavior
learned behavior
territory
predators
an inherited behavior that does not depend on the environment…
a behavior that has been learned from experience
an area that is occupied by one animal or a group of animals…
animals that eat other animals
innate behavior
an inherited behavior that does not depend on the environment…
learned behavior
a behavior that has been learned from experience
Science chapter 3- Adaptation and survival
Adaptations
Resemblance
Camouflage
Mimicry
Things that help both plants and animals survive in a certain…
An organism that matches the color, shape and texture of its…
A type of coloring, shape, or pattern that allows an organism…
An adaptation in which an animal is protected against predato…
Adaptations
Things that help both plants and animals survive in a certain…
Resemblance
An organism that matches the color, shape and texture of its…
Chapter 3- Adaptation terrestrial EVR
Availability of nutrient ions varies w…
Water potential
Matrix potential
Field capacity
Soil temp, pH, and presence of other ions
Measure of water's potential energy... Affects movement of wate…
Potential energy generated by attractive forces between water…
Max amount of water held by soil against the force of gravity
Availability of nutrient ions varies w…
Soil temp, pH, and presence of other ions
Water potential
Measure of water's potential energy... Affects movement of wate…
14 terms
Chapter 3: Adapting to Others
Culture
Co-cultures
Ethnocentrism
Stereotypes
a learned set of shared interpretations about beliefs, values…
exist within the mainstream society yet remain connected to o…
a belief that your culture is superior to others
generalizations about a group of people that oversimplify the…
Culture
a learned set of shared interpretations about beliefs, values…
Co-cultures
exist within the mainstream society yet remain connected to o…
Chapter 3 Adaptations
Structural Adaptations
Mimicry
Behavioral Adaptations
fossil
an adaptations of an organism's body parts or its coloring
an adaptation in which one species resembles another
an inherited behavior that helps an organism survive
remains or trace of an animal that once lived
Structural Adaptations
an adaptations of an organism's body parts or its coloring
Mimicry
an adaptation in which one species resembles another
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