Study sets matching "advanced biology"

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Study sets matching "advanced biology"

Advanced Biology Ch. 8
1. motion... 2. heat production... 3. postur…
tendons
fascia
sarcolemma
What are the three general functions of muscles?
a tough, dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches skele…
a fibrous connective tissue of varying thickness that covers…
a cell membrane that surrounds each skeletal muscle fiber
1. motion... 2. heat production... 3. postur…
What are the three general functions of muscles?
tendons
a tough, dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches skele…
Advanced Biology Ch. 4
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
epithelial tissues
connective tissues
muscle tissues
What are the four basic categories of tissues?
covers body and organ surfaces, lines the inside walls of bod…
joins, supports, and protects body parts; most abundant tissu…
contracts to produce movement
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
What are the four basic categories of tissues?
epithelial tissues
covers body and organ surfaces, lines the inside walls of bod…
Advanced Biology Ch. 3
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleoli
the basic structure and functional unit of the all living org…
gives form to the cell and controls passage of materials in a…
the large spherical or oval body usually located near the cen…
within the nucleus, one or more dense bodies; contains the su…
cell
the basic structure and functional unit of the all living org…
cell membrane
gives form to the cell and controls passage of materials in a…
Advanced Biology Ch. 9
1. monitor changes within the body and…
1. the central nervous system... 2. the p…
the brain and the spinal cord
What are the three primary functions of the nervous system?
What are the two main divisions of the nervous system?
What does the central nervous system consists of?
1. monitor changes within the body and…
What are the three primary functions of the nervous system?
1. the central nervous system... 2. the p…
What are the two main divisions of the nervous system?
Advanced Biology Ch. 1
anatomy
physiology
Hippocrates
Claudius Galen
deals with the "structure" of the human body and the relation…
concerned with the "functions" of the body
a Greek physician; the father of medicine; believed that dise…
a Greek; the most influential writer of all time on medical s…
anatomy
deals with the "structure" of the human body and the relation…
physiology
concerned with the "functions" of the body
Advanced Biology Ch. 2
elements
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
atoms
atomic mass
the simplest chemical substances
What are the four elements that compose over 95% of the body'…
make up each element; contains a nucleus with protons and neu…
the sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus
elements
the simplest chemical substances
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
What are the four elements that compose over 95% of the body'…
Advanced Biology Ch. 7
articulations
arthrology
1. fibrous joints... 2. cartilaginous joi…
kinesiology
joints; allow movement; located between the bones
the study of joints
What are the three classification groups of joints?
the study of the functional relationship or biomechanics of t…
articulations
joints; allow movement; located between the bones
arthrology
the study of joints
Advanced Biology Ch. 6
206
270
osteology
axial skeleton
How many bones make up the human adult skeletal system?
How many bones does the skeleton consist of at birth?
What is the study of bones in science called?
consists of the bones that form the vertical axis of the body…
206
How many bones make up the human adult skeletal system?
270
How many bones does the skeleton consist of at birth?
Advanced Biology Ch. 5
integument
1. helps to regulate certain body func…
1. paleness-signs of shock... 2. red, flu…
epidermis & dermis
skin
What are the functions, characteristics, and provisions of th…
What are some clues the skin can provide concerning certain b…
What are the two main layers of the skin?
integument
skin
1. helps to regulate certain body func…
What are the functions, characteristics, and provisions of th…
Advanced Biology Ch. 10
neurology
the brain and the spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The study of the nervous system.
What does the CNS consists of?
What does the PNS consists of?
Part of the PNS and is comprised of the sympathetic division…
neurology
The study of the nervous system.
the brain and the spinal cord
What does the CNS consists of?
9 terms
Advanced Biology - Module 1
gross anatomy
microscopic anatomy
physiology
histology
the study of the microscopic structures of an otganism
the study of the microscopic structures of an organism
the study of the function of an organism and its parts
the study of tissues
gross anatomy
the study of the microscopic structures of an otganism
microscopic anatomy
the study of the microscopic structures of an organism
42 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 13
Mastication
Digestion
Degutition
Peristalsis
Process of chewing
Breakdown of food molecules into their individual components
Act of swallowing
The process of contraction and relaxation of circular smooth…
Mastication
Process of chewing
Digestion
Breakdown of food molecules into their individual components
Advanced Biology
Sponges
Cnidarians
Flatworms
Roundworms
Do not specialized tissue, do not have organs, not symmetrica…
Radial symmetry , tissues, but no organs, no heads, no segmen…
simple organs, bilateral symmetry, cephalized, no segments he…
More complex organs, bilateral, cephalized, cuticle, no segme…
Sponges
Do not specialized tissue, do not have organs, not symmetrica…
Cnidarians
Radial symmetry , tissues, but no organs, no heads, no segmen…
76 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 4
Connective Tissue
Matrix
Osteoblast
Osteocyte
makes up bone, cartilage, the deeper layer of the skin, and t…
Mass of undifferentiated cells that have not been specialized…
A bone-forming cell.
A mature bone cell surrounded by bone matrix.
Connective Tissue
makes up bone, cartilage, the deeper layer of the skin, and t…
Matrix
Mass of undifferentiated cells that have not been specialized…
26 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 5
Sarcomere
Neuron
Synapse
Neurotransmitter
The repeating unit of a myofibril
The functional unit of the nervous system, a nerve cell
The interface between a nerve cell and another cell
A chemical released by a neuron. This chemical travels across…
Sarcomere
The repeating unit of a myofibril
Neuron
The functional unit of the nervous system, a nerve cell
153 terms
Advanced Biology Skeleton Test
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Sesamoid bones
Typically longer than they are wide... Shaft with heads at both…
Generally cube-shaped... Mostly spongy bone
Thin, flattened, usually curved... Two thin layers of compact bo…
Form within tendons are a special type of short
Long bones
Typically longer than they are wide... Shaft with heads at both…
Short bones
Generally cube-shaped... Mostly spongy bone
advanced biology
evolution
fossils
carbon atoms get replaced with silicon…
Older- simple animals... newer- complex a…
a change in species over time
traces of living things that used to be alive
how does fossilization occur?
What do older rocks and what do newer rocks have?
evolution
a change in species over time
fossils
traces of living things that used to be alive
59 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 9
Sensory receptor
Somatic receptor
Visceral receptors
Special receptors
An organ that responds to a specific type of stimulus by trig…
Sensory receptors in the skin, muscle, and tendons
Sensory receptors in the internal organs
Sensory receptors in specific locations
Sensory receptor
An organ that responds to a specific type of stimulus by trig…
Somatic receptor
Sensory receptors in the skin, muscle, and tendons
407 terms
Advanced Biology Midterm
Straight Chain
Branch Chain
Ring Structure
Functional Group
C-C-C-C-C
C-C-C-C... ˚˚˚˚l... ˚˚˚˚C
Carbons arranged in a circle
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
Straight Chain
C-C-C-C-C
Branch Chain
C-C-C-C... ˚˚˚˚l... ˚˚˚˚C
Advanced Biology
Heterothroph
Autotroph
Vertibrate
Invertibrate
Something that relies on another source for food.
Something that creates it's own food.
Has a backbone.
Has no backbone.
Heterothroph
Something that relies on another source for food.
Autotroph
Something that creates it's own food.
50 terms
Advanced Biology Vocabulary
Biology
Scientific Method
Homeostasis
Cell
The study of life
A series of steps used to solve scientific problems
Maintaining stable internal conditions in spite of changes in…
The smallest unit capable of all life functions
Biology
The study of life
Scientific Method
A series of steps used to solve scientific problems
11 terms
Advanced Biology
Amobea
Stentor
Vorticella unicellular
Trypanosoma unicellular
Phylum protoza
Phylum ciliphora
phylum ciliphora heterotrphic
phylum sarcpmastigophora heterotrphic
Amobea
Phylum protoza
Stentor
Phylum ciliphora
50 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 7
Nerves
Ganglia
Spinal nerves
Cranial nerves
Bundles of neuron axons and their coverings which are found o…
Collections of neuron cell bodies that are found outside the…
Nerves that originate from the spinal cord
Nerves that originate from the brain
Nerves
Bundles of neuron axons and their coverings which are found o…
Ganglia
Collections of neuron cell bodies that are found outside the…
561 terms
Advanced Biology Final
Vitreous humor
Aqueous humor
Sclera
Choroid
A gel-like substance that fills the posterior segment
A clear watery fluid that fills the anterior segment
The firm white fibrous outer layer of the eyeball
The pigmented nutritive layer of the eye
Vitreous humor
A gel-like substance that fills the posterior segment
Aqueous humor
A clear watery fluid that fills the anterior segment
Advanced Biology
body membranes
Hemoglobin
melanin
Acne
cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective sheet…
causes skin to be reddish pink
the darkening of skin because of uv radiation
infection of the sebaceous glands
body membranes
cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective sheet…
Hemoglobin
causes skin to be reddish pink
58 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 3.2
coxa
ilium
pubis
ischium
coxa
ilium
Advanced Biology Chapter 6 Test
Six funtions of skeletal system
Classify the bone as long, short, flat…
Classify the bone as long, short, flat…
Classify the bone as long, short, flat…
•Support... •Protection... •Movement... •Mineral Storage... •Blood Cell P…
Long
Long
Short
Six funtions of skeletal system
•Support... •Protection... •Movement... •Mineral Storage... •Blood Cell P…
Classify the bone as long, short, flat…
Long
31 terms
Biology Advanced
Cells
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
The considered basic unit of life ... a. Proposed by Henri Dutr…
Cells are considered to be the basic unit of life ... a. Propos…
The organisms (bacteria) would have evolved before a nucleus…
These organisms would have evolved after a nucleus had evolve…
Cells
The considered basic unit of life ... a. Proposed by Henri Dutr…
Cell Theory
Cells are considered to be the basic unit of life ... a. Propos…
Advanced Biology
Biology
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
The branch of science that is concerned with the study of lif…
The smallest unit of life that displays all the properties of…
an organism comprised of a single cell as in bacteria.
An organism composed of many cells usually has organized tiss…
Biology
The branch of science that is concerned with the study of lif…
Cell
The smallest unit of life that displays all the properties of…
advanced biology
hybrid
purebred
dominant(allele)
recessive (allele)
offspring of two animals or plants of differnt breeds varieti…
any organism that recives the same genetic information from e…
the expressed form of a trait that usally masks the recessive…
the form of a trait that is typically masked by the dominant…
hybrid
offspring of two animals or plants of differnt breeds varieti…
purebred
any organism that recives the same genetic information from e…
ADVANCED BIOLOGY
C6H12O6
6O2
6CO2
6H2O
Input of Glycosis
Final electron acceptor at the end of the ETC
Released; 2 produced in prep Reaction; 4 in Krebs Cycle
Produced at the end of the ETC comes from oxygen
C6H12O6
Input of Glycosis
6O2
Final electron acceptor at the end of the ETC
Advanced Biology
Foramen
Fossa
Crest
Ramus
hole in a bone where a structure passes through
hollow, usually circumscribed, depression in a bone
narrow ridge of bone for the linear attachment of fascia or m…
branch in a bone
Foramen
hole in a bone where a structure passes through
Fossa
hollow, usually circumscribed, depression in a bone
103 terms
Advanced biology
Ascomycotes
Deuteromycotes
Zygomycotes
Canidia
Called sac fungi
Fungi that has never been observed reproducing asexually
Common bread mold, belongs to phylum of fungi
Asexual reproduction in ascomycotes produce which type of spore
Ascomycotes
Called sac fungi
Deuteromycotes
Fungi that has never been observed reproducing asexually
Advanced Biology
genetics
fertilization
true breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
male and female reproductive cells join
if they were allowed to self-pollinate, they would produce of…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
male and female reproductive cells join
17 terms
Advanced Biology
Append-
Cardio-
Cerebr-
Cran-
upper and lower limbs
Heart
brain
skull that surrounds the brain
Append-
upper and lower limbs
Cardio-
Heart
Advanced Biology
Nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cytoskeleton
Maintains cell shape and provides anch…
Tubulins
What do all eukaryotic cells have?
What is the network of proteins extending through the cytopla…
What are thr functions of the cytoskeleton
What are microtubules made of?
Nucleus and membrane bound organelles
What do all eukaryotic cells have?
Cytoskeleton
What is the network of proteins extending through the cytopla…
5 terms
Advanced Biology Module 3
integumentary system
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
the bodily system that includes hair, nails and skin
the outer portion of the skin, formed by epithelial tissue th…
dense, regular connective tissue that forms deep layers of th…
loose connective tissue underneath the dermis the connect the…
integumentary system
the bodily system that includes hair, nails and skin
epidermis
the outer portion of the skin, formed by epithelial tissue th…
143 terms
Advanced Biology
Protons and neutrons make up the..
Focusing on all living individuals occ…
How many electrons can fit into one or…
DNA makes up our?
Nucleus
Community
2
Chromosomes
Protons and neutrons make up the..
Nucleus
Focusing on all living individuals occ…
Community
59 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 5 - The Muscular System
Movement
Posture
Heat Production
Skeletal Muscle
Muscle System provides this.
The ability to maintain stature even when sitting down.
The muscular can help provide this on cold days.
This muscle is striated and makes up voluntary muscles that y…
Movement
Muscle System provides this.
Posture
The ability to maintain stature even when sitting down.
103 terms
Advanced Biology Chpt. 1-3
Biology
5 characteristics of living things
Who was the 1st person to create the s…
What were aristole system limitations?
study of living things
1. Acquire energy... 2. Acquire the ability to reproduce with in…
Aristole
lack of new technology and information
Biology
study of living things
5 characteristics of living things
1. Acquire energy... 2. Acquire the ability to reproduce with in…
11 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 1
gross anatomy
microscopic anatomy
physiology
histology
the study of the macroscopic structures of an organism
the study of the microscopic structures of an organism
the study of the functions of an organism and its parts
the study of tissues
gross anatomy
the study of the macroscopic structures of an organism
microscopic anatomy
the study of the microscopic structures of an organism
41 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 15
Retroperioneal
Erythropoiesis
Renal blood flow rate
Filtrate
Behind the parietal peritoneum
Production of red blood cells
The rate at which blood flows through the kidneys (1 liter/min)
Blood plasma minus proteins, filtered by the nephrons of the…
Retroperioneal
Behind the parietal peritoneum
Erythropoiesis
Production of red blood cells
41 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 14
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
Ventilation
External respiration
nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and pharynx
larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs
The process of getting air into the lungs and back out
The process of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange between the…
Upper respiratory tract
nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and pharynx
Lower respiratory tract
larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs
50 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 4 Vocab
Osteoblast
Osteocyte
Osteoclast
Bone matrix contains
a bone-forming cell (produces the bone matrix)
a mature bone cell surrounded by bone matrix and housed in a…
A large, multinucleated cell that breaks down bone
collagen (flexibility) and calcium minerals called hydroxyapa…
Osteoblast
a bone-forming cell (produces the bone matrix)
Osteocyte
a mature bone cell surrounded by bone matrix and housed in a…
62 terms
Apologia Advanced Biology Module 16
Spermatogenesis
Erection
Coitus
Emission
The process by which sperm forms in the testes
The enlarged, firm state of the penis that results as the ere…
Sexual intercourse, the process in which the erect penis ente…
Movement of the male reproductive secretions toward the urethra
Spermatogenesis
The process by which sperm forms in the testes
Erection
The enlarged, firm state of the penis that results as the ere…
42 terms
Advanced Biology
Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
65% of body wieght
18.5% of body weight
9.5%of body weight
3.3% of body wieight
Oxygen
65% of body wieght
Carbon
18.5% of body weight
Advanced Biology
Phospholipids
Triglyceride
Wax
Unsaturated
Lipid that makes cell membranes
Glycerol and 3 fatty acid chains make this
Forms a waterproof coat that keeps fruit and insects from deh…
Olive and corn oil are examples of this kind of fat
Phospholipids
Lipid that makes cell membranes
Triglyceride
Glycerol and 3 fatty acid chains make this
36 terms
Advanced Biology
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron
cell body
from sense organs to brain/spinal cord
from brain/spinal cord to muscles/glands
between the sensory and motor neurons (reflexes)
largest part; contains nucleus... ATP production and protein sy…
sensory neuron
from sense organs to brain/spinal cord
motor neuron
from brain/spinal cord to muscles/glands
99 terms
Advanced Biology Chapter 46
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
zygote
egg
two organisms create a new organism
only one organism is needed to recreate
the fusion of haploid cells form a diploid, called this
the female gamete
sexual reproduction
two organisms create a new organism
asexual reproduction
only one organism is needed to recreate
23 terms
Advanced Biology
Desmosomes
Hemidesmosomes
Adherents junctions
Gap junctions
Localized spot like adhesions randomly arranged on the latera…
These are very small, stud or rivet like structures on the in…
Main junction between cells of tissues throughout the body
Tightly packed channels that allow small molecules to pass be…
Desmosomes
Localized spot like adhesions randomly arranged on the latera…
Hemidesmosomes
These are very small, stud or rivet like structures on the in…
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