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Study sets matching "advanced science structure function"

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Study sets matching "advanced science structure function"

20 terms
Structure and Function of Organelles: ADVANCED
All of the following are found envelop…
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
Microfilaments
Chromatin - DNA bound to protein... Chromosomes - condensed chro…
Network of protein filaments in cytoplasm that help cells mai…
As protein subunits are added or subtracted from microtubules…
Much thinner than microtubules, act as supports for cell. Ena…
All of the following are found envelop…
Chromatin - DNA bound to protein... Chromosomes - condensed chro…
Cytoskeleton
Network of protein filaments in cytoplasm that help cells mai…
29 terms
Advanced Cell Structures (SCIENCE)
Cell Wall
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cilia
An inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
A double-membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
Projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
Cell Wall
An inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
Centrioles
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
8 terms
Advanced Biology-Cell Structure and Function
Early idea of cells...every organism...
A cell is the
All cells come from
1st of three things in common...
is made of one or more cells.
Smallest unit with properties of life.
Other cells
Plasma membrane
Early idea of cells...every organism...
is made of one or more cells.
A cell is the
Smallest unit with properties of life.
28 terms
Advanced Cell Structures (SCIENCE)
Cell Wall
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cilia
An inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
A double-membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
Projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
Cell Wall
An inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
Centrioles
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
15 terms
Advanced. Chapter 3. Carbohydrate Structure and Function
New Set
What are macronutrients
Simple Carbohydrates (2)
Complex Carbohydrates (2)
Types of carbohydrates
Nutrients needed in large quantities
Monosaccharides and Disaccharides
Oligosaccharides and Polysaccharides
New Set
Types of carbohydrates
What are macronutrients
Nutrients needed in large quantities
9 terms
advanced cell structure and function chapter 4
cell
unicellular
mulitcellular
organelles are the
basic unit of life
composed of one cell
composed of more that one cell
functional units of cells
cell
basic unit of life
unicellular
composed of one cell
56 terms
Advanced Biology - Cell Structure and Function Review
Cell Theory
Eukaryotic Cell
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
...
...
...
...
Cell Theory
...
Eukaryotic Cell
...
11 terms
Advanced--Chap. 3--Carbohydrate Structure and Function
Simple Carbohydrates
Complex Carbohydrates
Disaccharides
Oligosaccharides
-... Monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, galactose) 1 sugar uni…
-... Oligosaccharides "more than 2 carbons. Usually 3 to 7/8 su…
Maltose, Lactose, and Sucrose. Also trehalose.
3-10 sugar units. Raffinose, Stachyose, and Verbascose... ...Ve…
Simple Carbohydrates
-... Monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, galactose) 1 sugar uni…
Complex Carbohydrates
-... Oligosaccharides "more than 2 carbons. Usually 3 to 7/8 su…
52 terms
Advanced Biology : Call Structure and Function Review
Cell Theory
Eukaryotic Cell
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
A theory in biology that includes one or both of the statemen…
A type of cell that contains a nucleus surrounded by a membra…
The jelly-like material within a living cell
A rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
Cell Theory
A theory in biology that includes one or both of the statemen…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell that contains a nucleus surrounded by a membra…
81 terms
Advanced A & P: structure & function of Respiratory system
How many ribs do we have?
How many true ribs are there? what is…
How many false ribs do we have?
How many floating ribs do we have?
12
1. seven (1-7)... 2. True ribs attach directly to sternum via co…
1. three (8-10)
2 (11-12)
How many ribs do we have?
12
How many true ribs are there? what is…
1. seven (1-7)... 2. True ribs attach directly to sternum via co…
10 terms
Science Structure / Function Quiz
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Cell wall
Nucleus
The clear, thick jelly like substance that fills the inside o…
I am the powerhouse of the cell, and I make energy. I break d…
I am rigid and stiff, and I keep a cell strong. I'm found onl…
I'm the boss of the cell telling others what to do. I control…
Cytoplasm
The clear, thick jelly like substance that fills the inside o…
Mitochondria
I am the powerhouse of the cell, and I make energy. I break d…
16 terms
Science - Cell structure and Function
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
controls all function in a cell. contains genetic material (D…
support and strength, prevents water loss (H2O)
controls substances that move into and out of cells
provides energy with cellular respiration
Nucleus
controls all function in a cell. contains genetic material (D…
Cell Wall
support and strength, prevents water loss (H2O)
25 terms
TEST 3: Advanced Pathophysiology: Ch. 41: Structure & Function of the Musculoskeletal System
Sialoprotien:
Osteoprotegerin (OPG):
A function of the epiphyseal plate tha…
The remodeling of bone is done by basi…
promotes calcification... *Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is an acidic…
prevents bone resorption... *A chimeric form of osteoprotegerin…
enable a bone to increase in length
*differentiate into osteoclasts and osteoblasts... *are located…
Sialoprotien:
promotes calcification... *Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is an acidic…
Osteoprotegerin (OPG):
prevents bone resorption... *A chimeric form of osteoprotegerin…
43 terms
Honors Advanced Biology: Cell Structure and Functions
The cell theory
cell membrane
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
States that all living things are made up of one or more cell…
a selectively permeable part of the cell that surrounds the c…
cells that have no nucleus; bacteria and archaea.
cells that have a nucleus, but no cell wall; animals, fungi,…
The cell theory
States that all living things are made up of one or more cell…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable part of the cell that surrounds the c…
34 terms
Science Cell Structure and Function
cells
microscope
Robert Hooke
Anton van leeuwenhoek
basic units of structure and function in living things
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
made a compound microscope. used microscope to observe cork a…
invented simple microscopes. he was surprised to find may one…
cells
basic units of structure and function in living things
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
30 terms
science- cell structure and function
cell theory
stem cell
cell membrane
phospholipid
1. all living things are made up of 1 or more cells.... 2. cells…
-undifferentiated cell... -job not determined... -can become multip…
controls what comes into and leaves the cell
tails point to each other to exclude water
cell theory
1. all living things are made up of 1 or more cells.... 2. cells…
stem cell
-undifferentiated cell... -job not determined... -can become multip…
21 terms
Science: Cell Structure and Function
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
ribosomes
a rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
the outside boundary that separates the cell from its environ…
located just inside the cell wall. controls what substances c…
small, grainlike bodies that function as factories to produce…
cell wall
a rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
cell membrane
the outside boundary that separates the cell from its environ…
25 terms
Life Structure And Function~ Science
Microscope
objective lenses
aperture control
stage clips
An optical instrument for magnifying very small objects.
Found on the nosepiece. Range from high to low power.
ring used to adjust size of lens opening
these hold the microscope slide in place
Microscope
An optical instrument for magnifying very small objects.
objective lenses
Found on the nosepiece. Range from high to low power.
17 terms
Science- Structure and Function of Plants
The main purpose of a plant's flower i…
What must happen before a flowering pl…
What are the ways seeds can be dispers…
How are a dandelion seed an a maple tr…
make seeds
pollination
animal waste, wind, water, and humans
by wind
The main purpose of a plant's flower i…
make seeds
What must happen before a flowering pl…
pollination
25 terms
TEST 3: Advanced Pathophysiology: Ch. 38: Structure and Function of the Digestive System
The muscularis of the GI tract is:
The digestive functions performed by t…
The nervous pathway involved in saliva…
Food would pass rapidly from the stoma…
composed of circular fibers and longitudinal fibers.
lubrication and carbohydrate digestion.
receptors in the mouth, sensory impulses to a center in the b…
pyloric sphincter
The muscularis of the GI tract is:
composed of circular fibers and longitudinal fibers.
The digestive functions performed by t…
lubrication and carbohydrate digestion.
10 terms
Life Structure and Function Science
Passive transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
Osmosis
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Balance; steadiness
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Passive transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
11 terms
Science LIFE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Hereditary
allele
genetics
hybrid
passing naturally from parent to child
An alternative form of a gene
Scientific study of heredity
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Hereditary
passing naturally from parent to child
allele
An alternative form of a gene
25 terms
Science life Structure and Function
scientific methods
hypothesis
control
variable
a method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a group of subjects closely resembling the treatment group in…
A variable is any item, factor, or condition that can be cont…
scientific methods
a method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
hypothesis
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
21 terms
Advanced Veterinary Science Ch.3 Body Structures
Hematopoietic
Lymphatic
Musculoskeletal
Cardiovascular
blood production
pertaining to water, body system that provides immunity and m…
muscles and skeleton
hearts and vessels
Hematopoietic
blood production
Lymphatic
pertaining to water, body system that provides immunity and m…
10 terms
SCIENCE: LIFE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
heredity
allele
genetics
hybrid
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
An alternative form of a gene.
Scientific study of heredity
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
38 terms
Science Cell Structure and Function
Why is it important to study cells?
Cell
Cell theory
Light Microscopes :
To understand how organic beings work
the basic unit of all life
- all living things are made of cells ... - cells are the basic…
use lenses ( curved pieces of glass) to focus light ... - compou…
Why is it important to study cells?
To understand how organic beings work
Cell
the basic unit of all life
27 terms
Science cell structure and function
smallest unit of life
the theory that states that all living…
Hooke- observed cells for the first ti…
Prokaryotic is always unicellular, no…
cells-
cell theory-
know what contributions Hooke, Schwann, Van Leeuwenhoek, and…
what is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cel…
smallest unit of life
cells-
the theory that states that all living…
cell theory-
13 terms
Science - Cell structure and Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
cell membrane
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
thin barrier made up of phospholipids that helps maintain hom…
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
11 terms
Science Cell Structure & Function
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
Ribosome
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
internal membrane system found in eukaryotic cells; place whe…
organelle in cells that modifies, sorts, and packages protein…
cell organelle consisting of RNA and protein found throughout…
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
Endoplasmic reticulum
internal membrane system found in eukaryotic cells; place whe…
20 terms
Life Science: Plant Structure and Function
reproduce
classify
conifer
flowering plant
to make more of the same kind
to sort into groups based on similarities and differences
a plant that makes seeds in cones
a plant that makes seeds in flowers
reproduce
to make more of the same kind
classify
to sort into groups based on similarities and differences
55 terms
Science -Cell Structure and Function-
Organelles
Cell wall
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
The rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cell…
Large, oval structure that directs all of the cells activities
It forms the outside boundary that separates the cell from it…
Organelles
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Cell wall
The rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cell…
15 terms
science: cell structure and function
organelles
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
small structures inside cell... keep cell alive
-double layer structure that surrounds cell... -regulate the pas…
-contains cell organelles ... -helps give cell shape ... -most life…
controls cell activities
organelles
small structures inside cell... keep cell alive
cell membrane
-double layer structure that surrounds cell... -regulate the pas…
8 terms
Science Cell Structure and Function
The Cell Theory
Matthias Schleiden- Cell Theory
Theodor Schwann(swan)- Cell Theory
Rudolf Virchow - Cell Theory
All Living things are made of cells... Cells are the Basic unit…
all plants are made of cells
all animals are made up of cells
all cells come from other cells
The Cell Theory
All Living things are made of cells... Cells are the Basic unit…
Matthias Schleiden- Cell Theory
all plants are made of cells
23 terms
Science: Cell structure and function
Cell theory
Macromolecules
Macromolecules
Nucleic acid
Says all things are made up of one or more cells
Form by joining many small molecules together
Cannot function without water
Form when long chains of molucules called nucleotides join to…
Cell theory
Says all things are made up of one or more cells
Macromolecules
Form by joining many small molecules together
9 terms
science cells structure and functions --functions
cells
cell wall
cell membrane
chloroplasts
to say alive and healthy they need food, water and a way to e…
gives support and shape to a plant cell: acts like a balloon…
one of the outer boundaries of the cell that supports its sha…
contain chlorophyll for green color that attracts sunlight fo…
cells
to say alive and healthy they need food, water and a way to e…
cell wall
gives support and shape to a plant cell: acts like a balloon…
19 terms
Science Structure and Function
Hydrostatic skeleton
Coelum
Exoskeletons
Endoskeletons
A fluid filled internal cavity surrounded by muscle tissue
The fluid filled cavity
Hard outer coverings provide structural support for many inve…
Protects the internal organs and provides the organism with s…
Hydrostatic skeleton
A fluid filled internal cavity surrounded by muscle tissue
Coelum
The fluid filled cavity
18 terms
Science: DNA Structure and Function
Levene
Chargaff
Rosalind Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
1919... discovers DNA includes sugars, phosphates, and the four…
1950... discovers that the amount of adenine is equal to that of…
1951... x-rays the molecule of DNA and discovers the repeating p…
use research (some is not theirs) to determine the double hel…
Levene
1919... discovers DNA includes sugars, phosphates, and the four…
Chargaff
1950... discovers that the amount of adenine is equal to that of…
21 terms
Advanced Biology: Ch15 (13) DNA Structure & Function
Chromosomes
Genetic Material must be able to...
Friedrich Miescher (1869)
Two Kinds of Nucleic Acids
Contain genes the direct the development and continue functio…
1.) Store information - that pertains to development and meta…
Removed nuclei from pus cells and found that they contained a…
DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid (mainly in nucleus)... RNA - Ribonuc…
Chromosomes
Contain genes the direct the development and continue functio…
Genetic Material must be able to...
1.) Store information - that pertains to development and meta…
32 terms
Science - Life Structure and Function
Organism
Cell
Unicellular
What all living things do
An individual animal, plant or SINGLE-CELLED life form
The smallest unit of life
One cell ( I.e. Bacteria)
1. grow ... 2. develop... 3. reproduce ... 4. respond to stimuli (inte…
Organism
An individual animal, plant or SINGLE-CELLED life form
Cell
The smallest unit of life
14 terms
(Science) Structures and Function of the Eye
Conjunctiva
Vitreous Humor
Aqueous Humor
Cornea
Protective layer overt he cornea
Jellylike substance that keeps the eyeball's shape, supports…
Watery fluid that supports the cornea and the front of the ch…
Transparent layer responsible for most refraction of entering…
Conjunctiva
Protective layer overt he cornea
Vitreous Humor
Jellylike substance that keeps the eyeball's shape, supports…
53 terms
Advanced Biology Ch6 (5): Cell Membrane Structure & Function
Importance of Plasma Membrane
Fluid-Mosaic Model
Lipids
Phospholipids (mostly)
a) boundary btw inner-living and outer- non-living... b) must be…
(by Singer + Nicolson 1972) ... suggests the membrane is a phosp…
Phospholipids (mostly)... Glycolipids... Cholesterol
forms bilayer (polar heads = hydrophilic facing outer extrace…
Importance of Plasma Membrane
a) boundary btw inner-living and outer- non-living... b) must be…
Fluid-Mosaic Model
(by Singer + Nicolson 1972) ... suggests the membrane is a phosp…
24 terms
SCience cells structure and function
nucleur membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
genes
lysosome
holds nucelus together and controls movement into and out of…
surface for chemical activity and serves as a pathhway for th…
units of hereditary
digestion center digestion with food within the cell
nucleur membrane
holds nucelus together and controls movement into and out of…
endoplasmic reticulum
surface for chemical activity and serves as a pathhway for th…
55 terms
Science: Cells Structure and Function
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cell Membrane
Golgi Body
Nucleus
Transport of protein and other cellular products inside the c…
Allows diffusion of materials into or out of the cell and pro…
Modify, sort, and package proteins and other materials from t…
Contains cell's DNA (genetic information)
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transport of protein and other cellular products inside the c…
Cell Membrane
Allows diffusion of materials into or out of the cell and pro…
33 terms
Advanced Biology Jack Lyke Chapter 5 - Membrane Structure and Function
Phospholipid Bilayer
Cholesterol
Glycolipid
Glycoprotein
Composition of the plasma membrane
Lipid that stiffens and strengthens the membrane
Structure similar to phospholipids with hydrophilic head repl…
Protein with externally attached carbohydrate sugar chain
Phospholipid Bilayer
Composition of the plasma membrane
Cholesterol
Lipid that stiffens and strengthens the membrane
55 terms
Science- Cell Structure and Function
Cells
What did the invention of the microsco…
What is the cell theory?
Unicellular
parts of an organism that carry out processes or functions
It made it possible for people to discover and learn about ce…
All living things are made of cells... Cells are basic units of…
single-celled organisims
Cells
parts of an organism that carry out processes or functions
What did the invention of the microsco…
It made it possible for people to discover and learn about ce…
16 terms
Science fusion Cell structure and function
cytoskeleton
Mitochondrion or mitochondria
Cellular respiration
Endoplasmic reticulum aka ER
Is a network of protein filaments that gives shape and suppor…
Cellular respiration occurs in an organelle.
Organisms need energy for life processes. Cells carry out suc…
The ER assists in the production, processing, and transport o…
cytoskeleton
Is a network of protein filaments that gives shape and suppor…
Mitochondrion or mitochondria
Cellular respiration occurs in an organelle.
14 terms
Science Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
rigid outer layer of nonliving material that surrounds plant…
very thin outer layer that controls what substances come into…
cell's control center that directs all of the cell's activiti…
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
cell wall
rigid outer layer of nonliving material that surrounds plant…
18 terms
Science structure and function
Internal structures are found
4 core functions that organisms must p…
Structure-plants produce seeds that fl…
Structure-the spines on a cactus
On the inside of an organism example : heart, muscles, poison…
Growth (get food and grow), survival ( stay alive), behavior…
Function-so they can reproduce and pass genes to the next gen…
Function-protect it foragers
Internal structures are found
On the inside of an organism example : heart, muscles, poison…
4 core functions that organisms must p…
Growth (get food and grow), survival ( stay alive), behavior…
17 terms
Science: Cell Structure & Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Basic unit of all forms of life
All living things have cells... New cels are produced from exist…
Unicellular ... No nucleus
Nucleus ... More complex
Cell
Basic unit of all forms of life
Cell Theory
All living things have cells... New cels are produced from exist…
33 terms
Science 7 Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Unicellular
multicellular
tissue
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Made of a single cell
Consisting of many cells
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Cell Theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Unicellular
Made of a single cell
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