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Study sets matching "allergic reactions"

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Study sets matching "allergic reactions"

50 terms
Allergic Reactions
A substance that produces allergic sym…
A protein the body produces in respons…
An abnormal immune response the body d…
The body limits it's response to a spe…
allergen
antibody
allergic reaction
Local reaction
A substance that produces allergic sym…
allergen
A protein the body produces in respons…
antibody
12 terms
Allergic Reactions
la alergia
la anafilaxis
el eccema
la epenefrina, la adrenalina
allergy
anaphylactic shock
eczema
epinephrine, adrenaline
la alergia
allergy
la anafilaxis
anaphylactic shock
22 terms
Allergic Reactions
Allergic Reaction
allergen
anaphylaxis
4 Main cause of an allergic reaction
-an exaggerated immune response... -can turn into anaphylaxis in…
something that causes an allergic reaction
-severe or life-threatening allergic reaction... -blood vessels…
-food... -insects... -plants... -medication
Allergic Reaction
-an exaggerated immune response... -can turn into anaphylaxis in…
allergen
something that causes an allergic reaction
15 terms
Allergic reactions
Allergic reaction
What are 4 types of allergic reactions
usually delayed reactions but can also…
itching from release of histamine
sensitivity substances called allergens that come into contac…
1. Common allergy ... 2. Cause cell death... 3. anaphylactic ... 4. De…
Skin reaction
pruritus
Allergic reaction
sensitivity substances called allergens that come into contac…
What are 4 types of allergic reactions
1. Common allergy ... 2. Cause cell death... 3. anaphylactic ... 4. De…
16 terms
Allergic reactions
Allergy
Allergen
Atopy
IgE
An inappropriate, often harmful response of the immune system…
A substance that causes an allergic response
Refers to the allergic reactions characterized by *IgE antibo…
Antibody that is involved in allergic disorders. Molecules bi…
Allergy
An inappropriate, often harmful response of the immune system…
Allergen
A substance that causes an allergic response
13 terms
allergic reactions
antibodies
immunoglobin A
immunoglobin D
immunoglobin E
produced by lymphoid tissues when a foreign substance enters…
most prevalent antibody;... found in all body secretions;... protec…
found in serum tissue;... function has not been dermined
important antibody;... found in lungs, skin, mucous membrane cel…
antibodies
produced by lymphoid tissues when a foreign substance enters…
immunoglobin A
most prevalent antibody;... found in all body secretions;... protec…
18 terms
allergic reactions
contact dermatitis is mediated by what…
Patch testing
TRUE test
intolerance
T cells, reactions generally happen upon second exposure.... TY…
tests for contact dermatitis
test for a wide range of contact dermatitis allergens
body cannot break down food, not an allergic reaction
contact dermatitis is mediated by what…
T cells, reactions generally happen upon second exposure.... TY…
Patch testing
tests for contact dermatitis
10 terms
Allergic Reactions
For Generalized Urticaria ONLY
For Airway a Swelling/Mild Respiratory…
ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK-CHARACTERIZED BY TH…
Which is preferred IV or IO?
Benadryl 50mg IV or IM
-Epi 1:1000: 0.3mg IM, may repeat 1 x prn in 15 min intervals…
-Establish a second IV/IO... -Benadryl:50mg IV or IM... -Albuterol:…
IV
For Generalized Urticaria ONLY
Benadryl 50mg IV or IM
For Airway a Swelling/Mild Respiratory…
-Epi 1:1000: 0.3mg IM, may repeat 1 x prn in 15 min intervals…
50 terms
Allergic Reactions
A substance that produces allergic sym…
A protein the body produces in respons…
An abnormal immune response the body d…
The body limits it's response to a spe…
allergen
antibody
allergic reaction
Local reaction
A substance that produces allergic sym…
allergen
A protein the body produces in respons…
antibody
8 terms
Allergic reactions
La anafilaxis
El eccema
La erupción
La hinchazón
Anaphylactic shock
Ecxema
Rash
Swelling
La anafilaxis
Anaphylactic shock
El eccema
Ecxema
10 terms
Allergic Reactions
Predominant APC in allergic disease
Cytokines most produced in early stage…
iMMUNOGLOBULIN INVOLVED IN EARLY ALLER…
MHC involved in allergic reaction earl…
Dendritic cell
IL-4,... IL-5... IL9... IL-13
IgE
MHC-2
Predominant APC in allergic disease
Dendritic cell
Cytokines most produced in early stage…
IL-4,... IL-5... IL9... IL-13
8 terms
Allergic Reactions
Allergic Reaction
Allergy... (aka) hypersensitivity
Allergen
Localized Allergic Response... (aka) cell…
-Occurs when the body's immune system reacts to a harmless al…
-An overreaction by the body to a particular antigen.
-A substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individ…
-Includes redness, itching, and burning where the skin has co…
Allergic Reaction
-Occurs when the body's immune system reacts to a harmless al…
Allergy... (aka) hypersensitivity
-An overreaction by the body to a particular antigen.
21 terms
Allergic Reactions
Percodan
Fiorinal
Soma Compound
Ascriptan (NSAID)
ASA & Salicylate
ASA & Salicylate
ASA & Salicylate
ASA & Salicylate
Percodan
ASA & Salicylate
Fiorinal
ASA & Salicylate
14 terms
Allergic reactions
Allergic reaction
Anyphylactic shock
Allergens
Delayed-reaction allergy
Is an immune attack against a nonharmful substance. Allergic…
Is a severe form of immediate reaction allergy in which aller…
Trigger allergic reactions
Repeated exposure of the skin to certain chemicals. After a d…
Allergic reaction
Is an immune attack against a nonharmful substance. Allergic…
Anyphylactic shock
Is a severe form of immediate reaction allergy in which aller…
53 terms
Allergic reactions
Anaphylaxis- Greek meaning
Allergy
The big 8 Allergens
Allergy is
"Ana" against... "Phylaxis"- immunity, protection
Acquired potential to develop immunologically mediated advers…
Soy, eggs, milk, fish, wheat, shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts,
Type of hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system. Aller…
Anaphylaxis- Greek meaning
"Ana" against... "Phylaxis"- immunity, protection
Allergy
Acquired potential to develop immunologically mediated advers…
16 terms
Allergic Reactions
ANTIBODIES
Antigen
Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies
Immunoglobulin D (IgD)
Antibodies are produced when a virus, bacteria, or some other…
Can produce a hypersensitive reaction... Not necessarily harmful…
Found in areas of the body such the nose, breathing passages,…
Antibodies found in small amounts in the tissues that line t…
ANTIBODIES
Antibodies are produced when a virus, bacteria, or some other…
Antigen
Can produce a hypersensitive reaction... Not necessarily harmful…
16 terms
Allergic Reactions
allergen
hypoallergenic
hypersensitive
histamine
any substance that can cause an allergy
is the characteristic of producing little or no allergic reac…
abnormally or excessively sensitive in character
a body substance formed from histidine that stimulates gastri…
allergen
any substance that can cause an allergy
hypoallergenic
is the characteristic of producing little or no allergic reac…
9 terms
Allergic reactions
Anaphylaxis
Antigen
Mast cells and basophils
Common allergens
a severe allergic reaction caused by antigens can be life thr…
(Ag) a toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immun…
two important types of cells for the inflammatory response wh…
Insect stings/bites, medications, plants, food, and chemicals
Anaphylaxis
a severe allergic reaction caused by antigens can be life thr…
Antigen
(Ag) a toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immun…
11 terms
allergic reactions
Type 1 (IgE mediated)
Type 1 (IgE mediated)
Type 1 (IgE mediated)
Type 1 (IgE mediated)
most common type of allergic reaction
bee sting, pollen, mold, dust, latex, cat dander
anaphylactic shock
1st exposure no response, 2nd exposure you have a response
Type 1 (IgE mediated)
most common type of allergic reaction
Type 1 (IgE mediated)
bee sting, pollen, mold, dust, latex, cat dander
15 terms
Allergic Reactions
Allergic reaction
Allergen
anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock)
Forms antibodies
an exaggerated immune response
something that causes an allergic reaction
a severe or life-threatening allergic reaction in which the b…
The first time a person is exposed to an allergen, the person…
Allergic reaction
an exaggerated immune response
Allergen
something that causes an allergic reaction
10 terms
Allergic Reactions
Allergic reactions
allergen
Type 1 anaphylactic
symptoms of immediate reactions.
sensitizing of lymphocytes or antigens. ... nonharmful substance…
antigens that trigger allergic responses.
immediate reaction... b cells first contact and allergen & be…
Hives, hay fever, asthma, eczema and shock.
Allergic reactions
sensitizing of lymphocytes or antigens. ... nonharmful substance…
allergen
antigens that trigger allergic responses.
15 terms
Allergic Reactions
hypersensitivity
third stage of the immune system (adap…
previous exposure
(1) Anaphylactic... (2) Cytotoxic... (3) Imm…
what word is used interchangeably, and is basically *synonymo…
what is overreacting to cause allergies?
allergic responses happen in individuals who have been sensit…
name the 4 types of hypersensitivities
hypersensitivity
what word is used interchangeably, and is basically *synonymo…
third stage of the immune system (adap…
what is overreacting to cause allergies?
9 terms
Allergic reactions
How allergic reactions happen
Hypersensitivity
Symptoms of allergic reaction
Anaphylaxis
1. Subject is exposed to antigen.... 2. B cells produce antibodi…
Symptoms depend on amount of:... Allergen present,... Mediator,... Sen…
Red, hot, itchy sneezing, watery eyes, hives, N & V, diarrhea…
Acute allergic response to an antigen that results in severe…
How allergic reactions happen
1. Subject is exposed to antigen.... 2. B cells produce antibodi…
Hypersensitivity
Symptoms depend on amount of:... Allergen present,... Mediator,... Sen…
allergic reactions
IgE (type I)
non-IgE
anaphylactoid response
Hereditary angioedema treatment
type I... atopy, allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, dermatitis,…
...
immediate systemic reaction that mimics anaphylaxis... NOT IgE m…
FRESH FROZEN PLASMA... does NOT respond to Epi... typically no utic…
IgE (type I)
type I... atopy, allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, dermatitis,…
non-IgE
...
15 terms
Allergic Reactions
hypersensitivity
third stage of the immune system (adap…
previous exposure
(1) Anaphylactic... (2) Cytotoxic... (3) Imm…
what word is used interchangeably, and is basically *synonymo…
what is overreacting to cause allergies?
allergic responses happen in individuals who have been sensit…
name the 4 types of hypersensitivities
hypersensitivity
what word is used interchangeably, and is basically *synonymo…
third stage of the immune system (adap…
what is overreacting to cause allergies?
7 terms
ALLERGIC REACTIONS
History of previous exposures, allerg…
Mild:... H , r ... N ... No b_m (w _)... Treatm…
Moderate:... Hives, rash... Bronchospasm (…
Moderate Treatment:... o Routine medical…
...
Mild:... Hives, rash... Normotensive... No bronchospasm (wheezing)…
Normotensive
Moderate Treatment:... o Routine medical care... o Diphenhydramine…
History of previous exposures, allerg…
...
Mild:... H , r ... N ... No b_m (w _)... Treatm…
Mild:... Hives, rash... Normotensive... No bronchospasm (wheezing)…
18 terms
Allergic reactions
What is the best medication for an all…
Histamine
Common food people are allergic to
What drug are most people allergic to?
Benadryl because it is a antihistamine
Involved in the inflammation response(rash)
Peanuts, shellfish, milk, eggs
Penicillin
What is the best medication for an all…
Benadryl because it is a antihistamine
Histamine
Involved in the inflammation response(rash)
22 terms
Allergic Reactions
What is the immunoglobulin that is res…
What are the effects of histamine?
what areas of the body are most often…
what is the most common cause of death…
IgE
causes dilation of capillaries, increases secretion of gastri…
genitals, face, and hands
laryngeal edema
What is the immunoglobulin that is res…
IgE
What are the effects of histamine?
causes dilation of capillaries, increases secretion of gastri…
15 terms
Allergic Reactions
What is an allergic reaction?
Which immunoglobulin and Chemical Medi…
How to remember what is released?
Diagnostics
excessive immune response to an antigen (the thing you're all…
-Ig E (releases histamine)... -eosinophils are high with allergi…
E in eosinophils... E in Ig E
-Ig E and eosinophil levels elevated... -rast test (skin test -…
What is an allergic reaction?
excessive immune response to an antigen (the thing you're all…
Which immunoglobulin and Chemical Medi…
-Ig E (releases histamine)... -eosinophils are high with allergi…
45 terms
Allergic Reactions
Immunology
Immune System
Allergic reactions
Antigens
Is the study of the body's immune system and related diseases
governs the body's ability to resist disease.
are an extreme response by the body to a typically harmless s…
Foreign substances that enter the body
Immunology
Is the study of the body's immune system and related diseases
Immune System
governs the body's ability to resist disease.
21 terms
Allergic Reactions
Signs of antibiotic sensitivity
Signs of anaphylaxis
Treatment of anaphylaxis
Signs of an allergic reaction
Diarrhea, vomiting, urticaria, skin lesions
Restlessness, vomiting, seizures, coma and death
Epinephrine, oxygen, glucocorticoids and diphenhydramine
Swelling around eyes, facial edema, wheals, itching, vomiting
Signs of antibiotic sensitivity
Diarrhea, vomiting, urticaria, skin lesions
Signs of anaphylaxis
Restlessness, vomiting, seizures, coma and death
10 terms
Allergic Reactions
Hypersensitivity
Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction
Type 2 Hypersensitivity Reaction
Type 3 Hypersensitivity Reaction
Immune response that is overactive against foreign antigens o…
Anaphylactic... - allergic rhinitis ... - asthma
Cytotoxic... - transfusion rxn
Immune-complex... - Serum sickness... - RA... - lupus
Hypersensitivity
Immune response that is overactive against foreign antigens o…
Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction
Anaphylactic... - allergic rhinitis ... - asthma
21 terms
Allergic Reactions
Urticaria
Which types of allergies are seen in t…
Type 1- cause
QUESTION-Which form of penicillin is m…
vascular reaction of the skin
Type 1- immediate allergic reaction ... Type 4- delayed reactions
immunoglobin antibodies (EPI-PEN)
Injectable, reason unclear
Urticaria
vascular reaction of the skin
Which types of allergies are seen in t…
Type 1- immediate allergic reaction ... Type 4- delayed reactions
11 terms
Allergic Reactions
Allergic reaction
Anaphylaxis
What are the most common signs of anap…
What is wheezing?
An exaggerated autoimmune response to a substance
Extreme allergic reaction that is usually life threatening an…
Wheezing and urticaria
High pitched, whistling breath sounds
Allergic reaction
An exaggerated autoimmune response to a substance
Anaphylaxis
Extreme allergic reaction that is usually life threatening an…
10 terms
Allergic reactions
Contact dermatitis
Localized
Generalized
urticaria
Allergic skin reaction
One area of the skin
The entire body
known as hives
Contact dermatitis
Allergic skin reaction
Localized
One area of the skin
16 terms
Allergic reactions
Allergic sensitization:
Early phase, immediate hypersensitivit…
Late phase reaction:
Most important first step in allergies
Antigen presenting cells interact with T lymphocytes, activat…
Minutes of re-exposure to a sensitized antigen. IgE crosslink…
Begins 2-4 hours after exposure, can last 24 hours. Capillary…
Establish dx with history and exam. If needed, nasal smear fo…
Allergic sensitization:
Antigen presenting cells interact with T lymphocytes, activat…
Early phase, immediate hypersensitivit…
Minutes of re-exposure to a sensitized antigen. IgE crosslink…
39 terms
allergic reactions
what are the specific effects of gluco…
what are the most effective drugs avai…
what are the routes of administration…
what are the adverse effects of flutic…
reduce the number of eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells i…
corticosteroids
intranasal (allergic rhinitis), oral (for severe allergic rea…
dryness and irritation or burning of the nasal mucosa, sore t…
what are the specific effects of gluco…
reduce the number of eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells i…
what are the most effective drugs avai…
corticosteroids
22 terms
Allergic Reactions
Anaphylaxis type 1, Cytotoxic type 2,…
Cytotoxic
Immune Complex
Delayed-type
Name the four types of hypersensitivity
Occurs as a result of mistaken identity, system identifies no…
Acute inflammation resulting from formation/deposit of ______…
Also known as cellular hypersensitivity, occurs 24-72 hours a…
Anaphylaxis type 1, Cytotoxic type 2,…
Name the four types of hypersensitivity
Cytotoxic
Occurs as a result of mistaken identity, system identifies no…
8 terms
Allergic Reactions
The first time a person is exposed to…
Which type of allergic reaction is an…
What are the smooth, raised red lesion…
Why should a patient be observed for q…
C. both statements are correct
A. Type I
C. urticaria
C. to ensure a biphasic reaction does not occur
The first time a person is exposed to…
C. both statements are correct
Which type of allergic reaction is an…
A. Type I
12 terms
Allergic reaction
légutak
szénanátha
kivált
szömörce
respiratory tract
hay fever
trigger
poison ivy
légutak
respiratory tract
szénanátha
hay fever
7 terms
Allergic Reaction
etiology
risk factors
chief complaint
physical exam
immune response causing an inflammatory reaction consisting o…
known drug or food allergy
rash, swelling, itching, or SOB
edema, facial angiodema, urticaria (hives, wheals)
etiology
immune response causing an inflammatory reaction consisting o…
risk factors
known drug or food allergy
6 terms
Allergic Reaction
Definition
Risk Factors
Chief Complaint
Physical Exam
Immune response causing an inflammatory reaction consisting o…
Known drug or food allergies
Rash, Swelling, Itching, or SBO
Edema, Facial Angioedema, Urticaria (Hives, Wheals)
Definition
Immune response causing an inflammatory reaction consisting o…
Risk Factors
Known drug or food allergies
5 terms
Allergic Reaction
DECADRON
BENADRYL
SOLU-MEDROL
EPINEPHRINE
DEXAMETHASONE - steroid... D: long acting synthetic adrenocorti…
DIPHENHYDRAMINE - antihistamine... D: blocks histamine release,…
METHYLPREDNISOLONE - corticosteroid, antiinflammatory... D: syn…
ADRENALIN - sypathomimetic... D: naturally occurring catecholam…
DECADRON
DEXAMETHASONE - steroid... D: long acting synthetic adrenocorti…
BENADRYL
DIPHENHYDRAMINE - antihistamine... D: blocks histamine release,…
7 terms
Allergic Reaction
Cells from plants or animals (foods, p…
Response to an allergen in a hypersens…
Severe systemic allergic reaction char…
Individually unique response to an all…
Allergen
Allergic reaction
Anaphylaxis
Hypersensitivity
Cells from plants or animals (foods, p…
Allergen
Response to an allergen in a hypersens…
Allergic reaction
38 terms
allergic reaction
antigen
antiflactiod
antigen becomes a allergen
naturally acquired immunity
can enter by injection, ingestion, inhalation or absorption
never been exposed before and has an reaction
allergic reaction
present at birth
antigen
can enter by injection, ingestion, inhalation or absorption
antiflactiod
never been exposed before and has an reaction
Allergic Reaction
Epi dosage
O2 Neb
Wheezing
Albuterol dosage
adult = .3mg... child < 66# = .15... .15 mg... -----------------... Car…
4-6 lpm
heard on expiration
2 x 2.5mg (repeat as needed up to 3x)
Epi dosage
adult = .3mg... child < 66# = .15... .15 mg... -----------------... Car…
O2 Neb
4-6 lpm
Allergic Reaction
Step 1
transport priority
Mild Reactions S/S
Moderate Reaction S/S
Treatment per the airway/ventilation/oxygenation protocol
High
Hives, Itching, Normal perfusion, no dyspnea
Dyspnea, wheeze, edema, hive, normal perfusion
Step 1
Treatment per the airway/ventilation/oxygenation protocol
transport priority
High
6 terms
Allergic Reaction
allergic reaction
allergic reaction (con.)
local recation
systemic reaction
• hypersensitive response to antigens... • antigens known as all…
• release of histamine from basophils in the blood and mast c…
limited to area of skin allergen touched
• allergens are inhaled, ingested or injected... • involves mult…
allergic reaction
• hypersensitive response to antigens... • antigens known as all…
allergic reaction (con.)
• release of histamine from basophils in the blood and mast c…
43 terms
Allergic reaction
Antibody
Antigen
Immunoglobulin system
Histamine
Protein that is produced to react with a antigen
Allergen, substance that enters the body and can produce hype…
5 different classification of antibodies
Found in ALL cells but only released in allergic reactions
Antibody
Protein that is produced to react with a antigen
Antigen
Allergen, substance that enters the body and can produce hype…
18 terms
Allergic reaction
Allergen
Antibodies
Five types of antibodies make up the
IgA
Antigen... Any substance that the body recognizes as foren
Substances produced by the body in response to bacteria, viru…
Immunoglobulin system
Fights microogranisms... Found in all body secretions
Allergen
Antigen... Any substance that the body recognizes as foren
Antibodies
Substances produced by the body in response to bacteria, viru…
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