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Study sets matching "american government 4"

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Study sets matching "american government 4"

20 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Federalism
Inherent Powers
Reserved Powers
Exclusive Powers
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the…
Those powers that the constitution does not grant to the Nati…
Those powers that can be exercised by the National Government…
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Inherent Powers
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the…
76 terms
American Government Topic 4
delegates
trustees
partisans
politicos
members of Congress who cast votes based on the wishes of the…
lawmakers who vote based on their conscience and judgment, no…
lawmakers who owe their first allegiance to their political p…
lawmakers who attempt to balance the basic elements of the tr…
delegates
members of Congress who cast votes based on the wishes of the…
trustees
lawmakers who vote based on their conscience and judgment, no…
23 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Inherent Powers
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the…
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
20 terms
Ch 4 American Government
Federalism
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
Implied powers
One strong central government sharing powers with its weaker…
are delegated to the National Government and are spelled out…
delegated to the National Government and are spelled out or w…
powers not written in the constitution but are reasonably sug…
Federalism
One strong central government sharing powers with its weaker…
Delegated powers
are delegated to the National Government and are spelled out…
10 terms
American Government Chapter 4
democracy
due process
Bill of Rights
electoral college
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
Certain legal procedures by which the government must abide i…
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (specially t…
The system used to elect the US president; each state has a n…
democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body…
due process
Certain legal procedures by which the government must abide i…
40 terms
American Government Unit 4: Littlejohn
Chief of State
Chief Excecutive
Chief Administrator
Commander in chief
Term for the President as the ceremonial head of the United S…
Term for the President as vested with the executive power of…
Term for President as head of the administration of the Feder…
Term for the President as commander of the nation's armed for…
Chief of State
Term for the President as the ceremonial head of the United S…
Chief Excecutive
Term for the President as vested with the executive power of…
23 terms
American Government Ch. 4
expressed powers
act of admission
categorical grant
federalism
The powers that the Constitution grants to the National Gover…
Congressional measure admitting a United States territory int…
A type of federal grant-in-aid that is used for a specific, n…
A system of government in which a constitution divides the po…
expressed powers
The powers that the Constitution grants to the National Gover…
act of admission
Congressional measure admitting a United States territory int…
29 terms
American Government Ch.4 Combined
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
A system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
All of the powers, expressed, implied, granted to the Nationa…
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are sp…
Federalism
A system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
27 terms
American Government, Chapter 4
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
John Locke
James Madison
primary author of the Federalist Papers
primary author of the Declaration of Independence
originator of social contract theory of government
Father of the Constitution
Alexander Hamilton
primary author of the Federalist Papers
Thomas Jefferson
primary author of the Declaration of Independence
20 terms
American Government- Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of powers
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
System of government in which a written constitution divides…
Basic principle of federalism in which governmental powers ar…
Powers granted to the national government by the Constitution…
Delegated powers of the national government that are spelled…
Federalism
System of government in which a written constitution divides…
Division of powers
Basic principle of federalism in which governmental powers ar…
39 terms
Chapters 3 and 4 American Government
amendment
article
checks and balances
federalism
a change to the Constitution
one of the seven main divisions of the body of the Constitution
the system where each branch of government exercises some con…
a system in which power is divided between the national and s…
amendment
a change to the Constitution
article
one of the seven main divisions of the body of the Constitution
10 terms
American government 4.4
Necessary and Proper Clause
Strict constructionalist
Liberal Constructionalist
Consensus
gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and prop…
one who argues for a narrow interpretation of the constitutio…
argues for a broad interpretation of the constitutions provis…
agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; agreem…
Necessary and Proper Clause
gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and prop…
Strict constructionalist
one who argues for a narrow interpretation of the constitutio…
38 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Local Government
Legislative Government
Limited Government
House of Burgesses
organized government that provides order and leadership in lo…
a government by elected, representative assembly.
a constitutional principle that limits government to only tho…
the first representative assembly in the New World.
Local Government
organized government that provides order and leadership in lo…
Legislative Government
a government by elected, representative assembly.
157 terms
American Government Unit 4
direct primary
caucus
party platform
general election
preliminary nominating elections held to select candidates or…
1. a form of district and state conventions that do not hold…
1. a formal statement of a party's position on current issues…
1. the final leg of the campaigning race for candidates... 2. he…
direct primary
preliminary nominating elections held to select candidates or…
caucus
1. a form of district and state conventions that do not hold…
60 terms
American Government Ch 4
The individual freedoms in the Bill of…
The term "civil liberties" refers to s…
The individual right that is widely re…
Justice Holmes's "clear and present da…
actions of state and local governments.
are constitutionally protected from infringement by government
freedom of expression.
restrict speech that threatens national security.
The individual freedoms in the Bill of…
actions of state and local governments.
The term "civil liberties" refers to s…
are constitutionally protected from infringement by government
32 terms
Chapter 4- American Government
Affirmative Action
Bill of Rights
bill of attainder
Brown v. Board of Education
Government policies or programs that seek to redress past inj…
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
A law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial.
the 1954 Supreme Court decision that struck down the "seperat…
Affirmative Action
Government policies or programs that seek to redress past inj…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
23 terms
American Government Ch. 4
expressed powers
act of admission
categorical grant
federalism
The powers that the Constitution grants to the National Gover…
Congressional measure admitting a United States territory int…
A type of federal grant-in-aid that is used for a specific, n…
A system of government in which a constitution divides the po…
expressed powers
The powers that the Constitution grants to the National Gover…
act of admission
Congressional measure admitting a United States territory int…
102 terms
American Government Exam 4
Public policy can be defined as
Distributive policies are popular beca…
Redistributive policies are relatively…
The politics surrounding the creation…
Government plan of action to solve a social problem.
Their costs are not noticed because they are spread among all…
Those who are beneficiaries do not want them.
Highly confrontational.
Public policy can be defined as
Government plan of action to solve a social problem.
Distributive policies are popular beca…
Their costs are not noticed because they are spread among all…
12 terms
American Government, Ch. 4 Vocabulary
legislative branch
executive branch
judicial branch
trial
the part of the government that makes the laws
the part of the government that carries out the laws
the part of the government that rules on what the laws mean
a case heard at court before a judge or jury
legislative branch
the part of the government that makes the laws
executive branch
the part of the government that carries out the laws
21 terms
American Government Ch.4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
A system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, granted to the National Gov…
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are sp…
Federalism
A system of government in which a written constitution divide…
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
62 terms
American Government Ch. 4
1. Mayflower Compact... 2. charter... 3. sta…
Mayflower Compact
charters
Massachusetts
the five roots of the Constitution
the forerunner of the written constitution in America
documents that emphasized the relationship between the king a…
state which was the first to ratify its constitution by a con…
1. Mayflower Compact... 2. charter... 3. sta…
the five roots of the Constitution
Mayflower Compact
the forerunner of the written constitution in America
30 terms
American government 4-6
corporate welfare
corporate
economic planning
World Trade Organization
Government subsidies, tax breaks, and tax expenditures that d…
the developed or advanced stage of capitalism in which large…
long-term decisions by either government or corporations abou…
an international organization with 153 members that promotes…
corporate welfare
Government subsidies, tax breaks, and tax expenditures that d…
corporate
the developed or advanced stage of capitalism in which large…
10 terms
Week 4-American Government
3 BRANCHES of government
3 LEVELS of government
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
Executive, Judicial, and Legislative
National, state, and local
Enforces the laws
Interprets the laws
3 BRANCHES of government
Executive, Judicial, and Legislative
3 LEVELS of government
National, state, and local
19 terms
American Government Vocabulary 4
Bureaucracy
Cabinet
Chief Agenda Setter
Chief Executive
a system of government in which most of the important decisio…
government a small group of people within a government who gi…
One of the presidents role to set agendas like the State of t…
highest ranking executive in a company whose main responsibil…
Bureaucracy
a system of government in which most of the important decisio…
Cabinet
government a small group of people within a government who gi…
40 terms
American Government
Federalism
Checks & Balances
Executive Branch
Legislative Branch
What system gives national, state, and local governments sepa…
What system divides power between the President, Congress, an…
Which branch of government includes the President who has the…
Which branch of government includes the House and Senate, whi…
Federalism
What system gives national, state, and local governments sepa…
Checks & Balances
What system divides power between the President, Congress, an…
117 terms
American Government - Unit 4
A general decline in partisan loyalty…
the weakest component of the US politi…
According to the Bipartisan Campaign R…
what is a likely problem associated wi…
dealignment
also a very crucial element
30 days of a primary and... 60 days of the general election
People might leave town for the holiday
A general decline in partisan loyalty…
dealignment
the weakest component of the US politi…
also a very crucial element
9 terms
American Government Ch. 4
political cultuer
civic duty
civic competence
class consciousness
a coherent way of thinking about how politics and government…
a belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
a belief that one can affect government policies
a belief that you are a member of an economic group whose int…
political cultuer
a coherent way of thinking about how politics and government…
civic duty
a belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
11 terms
American Government 4-2
Constitutional Convention
George Washington
William Jackson
James Madison
delegates met on May 25, 1787 to "decide for ever the fate of…
his very presence helped ensure the success of the delegate's…
secretary of the convention who kept an official journal that…
Father of the Constituion
Constitutional Convention
delegates met on May 25, 1787 to "decide for ever the fate of…
George Washington
his very presence helped ensure the success of the delegate's…
51 terms
Test 4 American Government
Appellate jurisdiction
United States Supreme Court
conference handshake
Opinion Day
the right of a court to review the ruling of a lower court
the highest court in the land
serves to remind the justices on the Supreme Court that diffe…
the final stage of the Supreme Court's decision-making process
Appellate jurisdiction
the right of a court to review the ruling of a lower court
United States Supreme Court
the highest court in the land
23 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Inherent Powers
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the…
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
30 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Agency representation
Apportionment
Cloture
Conference committee
When members of Congress regard their constituents as their b…
Distribution of congressional members in a state.
The vote of 60 to cut off filibuster.
A joint committee made up of members of both the House and th…
Agency representation
When members of Congress regard their constituents as their b…
Apportionment
Distribution of congressional members in a state.
26 terms
American Government Lesson 4
Proportional Representation
Which of the following is NOT the role…
Political Efficacy
Rational Choice
A system where each party receives a share of seats in the le…
Paying the candidates for political favors.
The feeling that a person can make a difference in the politi…
The model of voting that argued individuals are self-interest…
Proportional Representation
A system where each party receives a share of seats in the le…
Which of the following is NOT the role…
Paying the candidates for political favors.
43 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Federalism
powers reserved for states
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
speed limit, local government street lights (traffic laws), i…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
powers reserved for states
speed limit, local government street lights (traffic laws), i…
27 terms
American Government Chapter 4
enumerated pg. 96
reprieve pg. 96
deport pg. 97
confiscate pg. 99
specified, listed, identified
postponement or delay in the execution of a sentence
to order that one be sent to another country
to take or seize legally
enumerated pg. 96
specified, listed, identified
reprieve pg. 96
postponement or delay in the execution of a sentence
23 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Inherent Powers
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the…
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
5 terms
Origins of American Government 2.4
Framers
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
Great Compromise
the delegates to the Constitutional Convention
a proposed plan for government that called for a strong centr…
another proposed plan for government that called for a strong…
plan of government that combined elements of the Virginia and…
Framers
the delegates to the Constitutional Convention
Virginia Plan
a proposed plan for government that called for a strong centr…
60 terms
American Government Ch 4
The individual freedoms in the Bill of…
The term "civil liberties" refers to s…
The individual right that is widely re…
Justice Holmes's "clear and present da…
actions of state and local governments.
are constitutionally protected from infringement by government
freedom of expression.
restrict speech that threatens national security.
The individual freedoms in the Bill of…
actions of state and local governments.
The term "civil liberties" refers to s…
are constitutionally protected from infringement by government
45 terms
American Government Test 4
Hispanic
Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans
13, 14 and 15
Litigation
The fastest growing minority in the United States is ____
The three largest subgroups of hispanics in the United States…
After the Civil War, three "civil rights" amendments were add…
In the 1930's, blacks resorted to _______ to secure their rig…
Hispanic
The fastest growing minority in the United States is ____
Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans
The three largest subgroups of hispanics in the United States…
27 terms
Unit 4 The American Government
capital
citizen
election
elect
首都,大写字母,资本
市民,公民
选举(名词)
选举(动词)
capital
首都,大写字母,资本
citizen
市民,公民
18 terms
American Government Chpt. 4
Affirmation Action
Bill of Rights
Bill of Attainer
Civil Liberties
governmental policies or programs that seek to redress past i…
the first 10 amendments to the constitution, ratified in 1791…
a law that declares a person quilt of crime without a trial
areas of personal freedom constitutionally protected from gov…
Affirmation Action
governmental policies or programs that seek to redress past i…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the constitution, ratified in 1791…
25 terms
Ch. 4 American Government
Bills of attainder are laws
The right of an accused to be brought…
The Supreme Court began the process of…
The source of authority cited by the S…
under which specific persons or groups are detained and sente…
habeas corpus
in 1897
the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
Bills of attainder are laws
under which specific persons or groups are detained and sente…
The right of an accused to be brought…
habeas corpus
18 terms
American Government Chp. 4
Delegated powers
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Elastic Clause
Powers the consitution grants or delegates to the national go…
Powers directly expressed or stated in the constitution by th…
Powers that the national government requires to carry out the…
The basis for the implied powers is the necessary and proper…
Delegated powers
Powers the consitution grants or delegates to the national go…
Expressed Powers
Powers directly expressed or stated in the constitution by th…
30 terms
American Government Vocab #4
Partisan Polarization
Filibuster
Marginal Districts
Safe Districts
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a…
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House…
Districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55 percent or…
Partisan Polarization
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a…
Filibuster
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
20 terms
American government vocabulary 4
Federalism
Division of powers
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
the federal principle or system of government.
A federal system of government, such as in the United States,…
Those powers specifically granted the Federal Government by t…
are powers granted to the government mostly found in Article…
Federalism
the federal principle or system of government.
Division of powers
A federal system of government, such as in the United States,…
25 terms
Ch. 4 American Government
Bills of attainder are laws
The right of an accused to be brought…
The Supreme Court began the process of…
The source of authority cited by the S…
under which specific persons or groups are detained and sente…
habeas corpus
in 1897
the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
Bills of attainder are laws
under which specific persons or groups are detained and sente…
The right of an accused to be brought…
habeas corpus
23 terms
American Government Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Inherent Powers
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the…
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the fe…
Division of Powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
256 terms
American Government Flashcards 4
This is NOT a theory of the origin of…
American colonies declared their indep…
Abraham Lincoln said that one of the m…
This statement in the constitution set…
ruler's right theory
John Locke's political writings
provide essential services
preamble
This is NOT a theory of the origin of…
ruler's right theory
American colonies declared their indep…
John Locke's political writings
88 terms
American Government 4-1
constitution
Philadelphia
Washington and Madison
28
powerful, elegant, yet immensely practical legal instrument
were was the Constitutional Convention held?
which 2 future presidents were present at the Constitutional…
how many future congressmen were present at the Constitutiona…
constitution
powerful, elegant, yet immensely practical legal instrument
Philadelphia
were was the Constitutional Convention held?
62 terms
American Government 4-5
Barron v Baltimore
Gitlow v New York
Lemon v Kurtzman
Employment Division v Smith
Bill of Rights restrains national government, not states
freedoms speech are protected by the due process clause of th…
established aid to church schools must...... 1) have secular pur…
states can deny unemployment benefits if fired for use of pey…
Barron v Baltimore
Bill of Rights restrains national government, not states
Gitlow v New York
freedoms speech are protected by the due process clause of th…
36 terms
American Government Ch. 4
civil liberties
First Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
Fourteenth Amendment
The constitutional and other legal protections against govern…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
The constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that…
civil liberties
The constitutional and other legal protections against govern…
First Amendment
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
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