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Study sets matching "american government and politics"

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Study sets matching "american government and politics"

43 terms
American Government and Politics: Exam 1
Collective Dilemma
Coordination Problem
Collective Action Problem
Prisoner's Dilemma
A situation in which there is a conflict between group goals…
A situation in which two or more people are all better off if…
A collective action problem arises when people would all be b…
An interaction between two strategic actors in which neither…
Collective Dilemma
A situation in which there is a conflict between group goals…
Coordination Problem
A situation in which two or more people are all better off if…
10 terms
American Government.Political Parties
Political Party
Two-Party System
Republican Party
Democratic Party
A group of persons who seek to control government through the…
A political system dominated by two major parties
major political party in the U.S.A. with a conservative ideol…
major political party in the U.S.A with a liberal ideology
Political Party
A group of persons who seek to control government through the…
Two-Party System
A political system dominated by two major parties
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
42 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the institution in which decisions are made that resolve conf…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
19 terms
American Government and Politics Today Ch 3
Federalism
Unitary System
Confederal System
Elastic Clause
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
Clause that says Congress can do whatever is necessary to exe…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Unitary System
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
17 terms
American Government - Political Participation
Political Parties
Third Parties
Splinter Party
Ideological Party
help to nominate candidates AND observe the party in power
promote ideas that were unpopular or heavily debated
a party that splits away from major parties because of disagr…
a third party that focuses on an overall change in society, n…
Political Parties
help to nominate candidates AND observe the party in power
Third Parties
promote ideas that were unpopular or heavily debated
43 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 1
politics
institution
government
order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
the preeminent institution in which decisions are made that r…
a state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
institution
an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
20 terms
American Government and Politics Today Ch 3
Federalism
Unitary System
Confederal System
Elastic Clause
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
Clause that says Congress can do whatever is necessary to exe…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Unitary System
A centralized government system in which local or subdivision…
24 terms
American Government and Politics: Federalism
Federalism
National Government
Federal Powers
State Governments
Definition: A system of government in which governmental powe…
Responsible for aggregate interests... (Accountable to the peop…
-establish date and time and place of elections for congress…
Responsible for local and particulare interests ... (Accountabl…
Federalism
Definition: A system of government in which governmental powe…
National Government
Responsible for aggregate interests... (Accountable to the peop…
22 terms
American politics, government and election
Decleration of Independence
Constitution
liberty
amendment
uavhengigehtserklæring
grunnlov
frihet
lovtillegg
Decleration of Independence
uavhengigehtserklæring
Constitution
grunnlov
58 terms
American Politics and Government
agents of socialization
alienation
apathy
candidate centered campaigns
family and media that have a significant impact on citizens p…
feeling of a personal powerlessness that includes the notion…
feeling of personal disinterest in or lack of concern with po…
election campaigns and other political processes in which can…
agents of socialization
family and media that have a significant impact on citizens p…
alienation
feeling of a personal powerlessness that includes the notion…
30 terms
American Government and Politics Midterm
Political Efficacy
Digital Citizenship
Public Goods
Politics
Is the belief that one has the ability to influence what gove…
Is the ability to participate in society online.
Goods that benefit everyone but that no individual or group o…
Is the conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies…
Political Efficacy
Is the belief that one has the ability to influence what gove…
Digital Citizenship
Is the ability to participate in society online.
26 terms
Chapter 7 (Part 2): American Government and Politics Today - Political Parties
dealignment
Democratic Party
divided government
electoral college
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
A situation in which one major political party controls the p…
A group of persons, called electors, who are selected by the…
dealignment
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
Democratic Party
One of the two major American political parties evolving out…
130 terms
American Government and Politics Midterm
government
politics
political efficacy
citizenship
institutions and procedures through which a territory and its…
conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of gove…
the ability to influence government and politics
informed and active membership in a political community
government
institutions and procedures through which a territory and its…
politics
conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of gove…
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2 - The Constitution
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
185 terms
American Government and Politics Final
mass media
news media
24/7 news cycle
political socialization
means of communication that reach the public, including newsp…
media that emphasize the news
news is now constantly updated and presented via Internet sit…
the process - most notably in families and schools - by which…
mass media
means of communication that reach the public, including newsp…
news media
media that emphasize the news
55 terms
final american government and politics
interest groups
tea party
lobbying
lobbyists
organizations or associations of people with common interests…
is a conservative movement not an actual party
consists of interest groups activities to influence directly…
people who are engaged in lobbying
interest groups
organizations or associations of people with common interests…
tea party
is a conservative movement not an actual party
19 terms
American Government and politics
Why are the Americans suspicious of a…
Why is the American national governmen…
Translate into Danish executive
Translate into Danish legislative
They consider the government to be the natural enemy of freed…
Stems from the suspicion of a strong government and it is bas…
udøvende
lovgivende
Why are the Americans suspicious of a…
They consider the government to be the natural enemy of freed…
Why is the American national governmen…
Stems from the suspicion of a strong government and it is bas…
18 terms
American Government and Politics
Why are the Americans suspicious of a…
Why is the American national governmen…
Translate into Danish executive
Translate into Danish legislative
They consider the government to be the natural enemy of freed…
Stems from the suspicion of a strong government and it is bas…
udøvende
lovgivende
Why are the Americans suspicious of a…
They consider the government to be the natural enemy of freed…
Why is the American national governmen…
Stems from the suspicion of a strong government and it is bas…
46 terms
American Politics and Government 1
Authoritarian government
Authority
constitutionalism
corporate power
a form of government in which those in power openly repress t…
the recognized right of officials to exercise power as a resu…
the idea that there are lawful limits on the power of governm…
the power that corporations exercise in their effort to influ…
Authoritarian government
a form of government in which those in power openly repress t…
Authority
the recognized right of officials to exercise power as a resu…
16 terms
american government and politics
citizenship
civil virtue
patriotism
deliberation
legal status that accords full membership in a political comm…
virtue that is an essential element , or good citizenship, in…
the full devout loyalties to ones nation, the feeling of nati…
reasoning on the merits of public policy, searching for publi…
citizenship
legal status that accords full membership in a political comm…
civil virtue
virtue that is an essential element , or good citizenship, in…
12 terms
American Government & Politics
Presidential Primary
Primary Election
General Election
Political Consultant
a statewide primary election of delegates to a political part…
An election in which party members choose the party's candida…
An election, normally held on the first Tuesday of November,…
a paid professional hired to devise a campaign strategy and m…
Presidential Primary
a statewide primary election of delegates to a political part…
Primary Election
An election in which party members choose the party's candida…
15 terms
American Government and Politics Exam
What are American's core political val…
liberty
equality
democracy
liberty, equality, and democracy
personal freedom and government whose powers are limited by law
equal right to participate in government
power in the hands of the people
What are American's core political val…
liberty, equality, and democracy
liberty
personal freedom and government whose powers are limited by law
26 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 2 - The Constitution
Anti-Federalist
Amendment requirements
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
America's 1st constitution from 1781-1789. it provided a weak…
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They provide for…
Anti-Federalist
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constit…
Amendment requirements
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate... Ratify: 3/4 state legislatur…
128 terms
American National Government & Politics
Government
State of Nature
Thomas Hobbes' view of State of Nature
John Locke's view of State of Nature
institutions and procedures through which a territory and its…
Thomas Hobbes ideal of life without government. (C)
-Lead to a "war of all against all" ... -Life would be "solitary…
Laws of nature govern people
Government
institutions and procedures through which a territory and its…
State of Nature
Thomas Hobbes ideal of life without government. (C)
28 terms
Ch. 5 American Government & Politics: Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Separate-but-Equal Doctrine
White Primary
Grandfather Clause
Government actions to provide equal protection and freedom fr…
the doctrine established by Plessy v Ferguson (1896) that Afr…
A state primary election that restricts voting to whites only…
clause included in the state constitutions of several souther…
Civil Rights
Government actions to provide equal protection and freedom fr…
Separate-but-Equal Doctrine
the doctrine established by Plessy v Ferguson (1896) that Afr…
14 terms
American Government and Politics
Bicameral
Charter
Due process
English bill of rights
(Of a legislative body) having two branches or chambers
A written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power…
Fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
In 1689 a British law, passed by the parliament of Great Brit…
Bicameral
(Of a legislative body) having two branches or chambers
Charter
A written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power…
11 terms
American Government and Politics
Political Culture
The American Creed
Individualism
the great equalizer
Deep seated and widely shared beliefs of a people.
The ideals central to the American belief system: liberty, eq…
a social theory favoring freedom of action for individuals ov…
sought to give children of different backgrounds the opportun…
Political Culture
Deep seated and widely shared beliefs of a people.
The American Creed
The ideals central to the American belief system: liberty, eq…
27 terms
American Government and Politics
democracy
direct democracy
constitutional democracy
republic
government for people by people either direct or indirect wit…
government in which citizens vote
people have power in elected officials (no king)
representative democracy
democracy
government for people by people either direct or indirect wit…
direct democracy
government in which citizens vote
58 terms
American government and politics
Republic
Institutions
Rational choice theory
American Exceptionalism
A government in which citizens rule indirectly and make gover…
The organizations, norms and rules that structure government…
An approach to political behavior that views individuals as r…
the view that the united states is unique because it is motiv…
Republic
A government in which citizens rule indirectly and make gover…
Institutions
The organizations, norms and rules that structure government…
63 terms
American Government and Politics
10th Amendment
17th Amendment
19th Amendment
Clear and Probable Danger Test
Amendment that gives any powers that aren't reserved to the f…
Amendment that provides direct election of US senators
Amendment that gave women the right to vote, women's suffrage
Limits the right of free speech 1st amendment, whether the sp…
10th Amendment
Amendment that gives any powers that aren't reserved to the f…
17th Amendment
Amendment that provides direct election of US senators
16 terms
American Government and Politics
Lawsuits
Common Law
Administrative v Common Law Regulation
Power of Purse
Good for America
Serves as
common law allows people to have a voice
MADD and 21 drinking age for state highway funds
Lawsuits
Good for America
Common Law
Serves as
30 terms
American Government & Politics Midterm
absolute monarchy
diarachy
oligarchy
dictatorship
one ruler
2 monarchs (rulers)
few to rule (3)
government controlled by one person or a group of people with…
absolute monarchy
one ruler
diarachy
2 monarchs (rulers)
22 terms
American Government & Politics Final
Public Opinion
Consensus
Divisive Opinion
Political Socialization
the aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs shared by so…
General agreement among the citizenry on an issue. ... Ex: Educa…
public opinion that is polarized between two quite different…
the process through which individuals acquire their political…
Public Opinion
the aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs shared by so…
Consensus
General agreement among the citizenry on an issue. ... Ex: Educa…
34 terms
American Politics and Government Chapter 9
Base Voters
Demosclerosis
Divided Government
Expressive Benefits
Party members who tend to vote loyally for their party's cand…
The collective effect of the sheer number of Washington lobby…
Periods during which at least one house of Congress is contro…
Values or deeply held beliefs that inspire individuals to joi…
Base Voters
Party members who tend to vote loyally for their party's cand…
Demosclerosis
The collective effect of the sheer number of Washington lobby…
35 terms
Latin American Government and politics
Sovereignty
imperialism
domino effect
Bay of pigs
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other cou…
A metaphor that posits that the loss of influence over one st…
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored…
Sovereignty
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control…
imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other cou…
28 terms
American politics and government 1
Political thinking
Authoritarian governments
Political science
Political culture
Critical thinking focused on deciding what can reasonably be…
Surpress individuality, forcing people to think and act in pr…
Systematic study of government and politics
The widely shared and deep seated beliefs of its people about…
Political thinking
Critical thinking focused on deciding what can reasonably be…
Authoritarian governments
Surpress individuality, forcing people to think and act in pr…
53 terms
American Government and Politics
Government
War is....
Politics
Government
A focal point in conflict, in society. A focal point because…
Politics by other means
The struggle, sometimes deadly, among competing groups in int…
A focal point
Government
A focal point in conflict, in society. A focal point because…
War is....
Politics by other means
74 terms
American Politics and Government
Agency loss
Collective action
Conformity costs
Coordination
When agents fail to do what the principle wants to do. Ex. A…
An action taken by a group of like-minded individuals to achi…
Costs associated with the decision itself if that means doing…
The act of organizing a group to achieve a common goal. Remai…
Agency loss
When agents fail to do what the principle wants to do. Ex. A…
Collective action
An action taken by a group of like-minded individuals to achi…
24 terms
American Government and Politics
Politics
Institution
Government
Order
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
The preeminent institution within a society. Government has t…
A state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protectin…
Politics
The struggle over power or influence within organizations or…
Institution
An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
13 terms
American Politics and Government
Civil Liberties
Due Process
Incorporation Process
Selective Incorporation
Individual rights and freedoms that government is obliged to…
Procedural safeguards that government officials are obligated…
The application, through the Fourteenth Amendment, of the civ…
The process by which protections in the Bill of Rights were g…
Civil Liberties
Individual rights and freedoms that government is obliged to…
Due Process
Procedural safeguards that government officials are obligated…
198 terms
American Government and Politics
Permanent Campaign
majority
government
aristotle's classic distinctions among…
Condition that prevails in the new American democracy when th…
fifty percent plus one
the institution in society holding a monopoly on the legitima…
Government by 1- ... Legitimate: Monarch... Perverse: Tyranny... Gove…
Permanent Campaign
Condition that prevails in the new American democracy when th…
majority
fifty percent plus one
10 terms
American Government and Politics
• Autocracy
• Citizen
• Confederate Government
• Executive Power
a government in which one person has unlimited political powe…
a legally recognized subject or national of a state or common…
-an alliance of independent states... -very weak or no central g…
-the power to carry out and enforce laws... -to execute, enforce…
• Autocracy
a government in which one person has unlimited political powe…
• Citizen
a legally recognized subject or national of a state or common…
11 terms
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT (POLITICAL PARTIES)
POLITICAL PARTY
NATIONAL PARTY CONVENTION
PARTY PLATFORM
CRITICAL ELECTION
An organization that seeks to win elections for the purpose o…
A large meeting that draws together party delegates from acro…
A document outlining the party's (candidate) position on impo…
An election that produces sharp changes in patterns of party…
POLITICAL PARTY
An organization that seeks to win elections for the purpose o…
NATIONAL PARTY CONVENTION
A large meeting that draws together party delegates from acro…
21 terms
American government and politics
politician
politics
political science
Branches of government
a person who is professionally involved in politics, especial…
the activities associated with the governance of a country or…
the branch of knowledge that deals with systems of government…
• Legislative: makes laws; senate ... • Executive: enforces laws…
politician
a person who is professionally involved in politics, especial…
politics
the activities associated with the governance of a country or…
13 terms
American Government and Politics
Top 4 Federal Government Programs
elite theory
social movement theory influence
1955 currency
military, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid
"power elite" in government, corporations, and the military
popular uprisings/movements
"In God We Trust"
Top 4 Federal Government Programs
military, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid
elite theory
"power elite" in government, corporations, and the military
51 terms
American Government and politics
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Politics
Capitalism
People vote directly on one issue (town hall system)
representatives are elected at every level, by the people, to…
The process of governing and making decisions
practice free market. Business, property, and land are privat…
Direct Democracy
People vote directly on one issue (town hall system)
Representative Democracy
representatives are elected at every level, by the people, to…
32 terms
American Government and Politics Today Chapter 14 - The Courts
affirm
appellate court
broad construction
case law
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Judicial interpretations of common-law principles and doctrin…
affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
appellate court
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
American Government and Politics
What are the three major powers of any…
Dictatorship
Democracy
What are the the theories on the origi…
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
All government authority and power is controlled by one man
Government ran by people
Force, evolution, divine right, and social contract.
What are the three major powers of any…
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Dictatorship
All government authority and power is controlled by one man
40 terms
American Government and Politics Midterm
The Constitution
Bill of Rights
Amendments
Separation of Powers
a framework establishing the skeleton of a political system,…
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, ratified in 1791…
a change added to a bill, law, or constitution
the division of governmental power among several institutions…
The Constitution
a framework establishing the skeleton of a political system,…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, ratified in 1791…
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