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Study sets matching "american history 4"

57 terms
American History Unit 4
majority
plurality
spoils system
caucus
more than half
the largest single share of votes
replacing government employees with the winner's supporters
presidential candidates are chosen by Congress
majority
more than half
plurality
the largest single share of votes
16 terms
American History Theme 4
Enlightenment
Declaration of Independence a reflecti…
Constitution a reflection of Enlighten…
Social Contract
Rights like life, liberty and happiness are given to all by G…
The Declaration of Independence was inspired by Enlightenment…
The Constitution declared the citizens are protected from the…
Idea that all people in civil society give up some of their p…
Enlightenment
Rights like life, liberty and happiness are given to all by G…
Declaration of Independence a reflecti…
The Declaration of Independence was inspired by Enlightenment…
20 terms
American History Vocab 4
Industrialization
Agrarian Society
Urbanization
Rural
the movement toward replacing animal and water power with mac…
is any society whose economy is based on producing and mainta…
movement of the population into the cities from agricultural…
dealing with the countryside
Industrialization
the movement toward replacing animal and water power with mac…
Agrarian Society
is any society whose economy is based on producing and mainta…
26 terms
American History People 4
Mikhail Gorbachev
Montesquieu
Muhammad
Napoleon Bonaparte
Soviet leader... western ideas, glasnost
French philosopher... proposed separation of powers in govt
Arab leader... founder of Islamic religion
Child of French Revolution... declared himself Emperor of France
Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet leader... western ideas, glasnost
Montesquieu
French philosopher... proposed separation of powers in govt
25 terms
American History Chapter 4
subsistence farming
triangular trade
middle passage
tight packing
farming meant to produce only enough to meet a family's needs
the exchange of items and slaves between Europe, North Americ…
the sea journey taken by slave ships from West Africa to the…
the method of packing as many slaves as possible onto a slave…
subsistence farming
farming meant to produce only enough to meet a family's needs
triangular trade
the exchange of items and slaves between Europe, North Americ…
39 terms
American History Terms 4
New Deal
Nonpartisan
patriot
political party
Pres. Franklin Roosevelt's federal programs to deal with the…
Free from party designation (not Republican or Democratic)
Nickname for colonists who favored separation from the Britis…
A political organization that seeks to win or influence elect…
New Deal
Pres. Franklin Roosevelt's federal programs to deal with the…
Nonpartisan
Free from party designation (not Republican or Democratic)
23 terms
Chapter 4-American History
Independence
responsibility
delegates
legislatures
Ability to take care of oneself
The need to complete duties
A person elected to serve in government
Group of people elected to make LAWS
Independence
Ability to take care of oneself
responsibility
The need to complete duties
26 terms
American History I chapter 4
Stamp Act
Samuel Adams
Townshend Acts
Boston Massacre
1765 law passed by Parliament that required colonists to buy…
Boston Patriot and one leader of the Sons of Liberty
1767 law passed by Parliament which taxed imports into the co…
Event in Boston in 1770 in which five colonists were killed b…
Stamp Act
1765 law passed by Parliament that required colonists to buy…
Samuel Adams
Boston Patriot and one leader of the Sons of Liberty
35 terms
Ch. 4 American History
Subsistence farming
Triangular trade
Middle passage
Cash crops
Make enough food just for your family
Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
Leg of the triangular trade where slaves were traded from Afr…
Growing a surplus of ag to sell
Subsistence farming
Make enough food just for your family
Triangular trade
Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
14 terms
American History Chapter 4!!
cabinet
bond
speculator
enumerated powers
A group of advisers to the president.
A financial security that represents a promise to repay a fix…
one who buys something hoping to sell it for a profit
Powers given to the national government alone
cabinet
A group of advisers to the president.
bond
A financial security that represents a promise to repay a fix…
7 terms
American History: 14.4
socialism
collective bargain
scab
anarchist
economic & political philosophy that favors public / social c…
a process in which workers negotiate as a group with employers
a negative term for a worker called in by an employer to repl…
radicals who violently oppose all government
socialism
economic & political philosophy that favors public / social c…
collective bargain
a process in which workers negotiate as a group with employers
14 terms
Vocabulary - American History 4
Sneaker
Squeak
Caterpillar
Wriggle
Sneaker
Squeak
10 terms
American History - Ch 3-4
Colony
Constitution
House of Burgesses
Jamestown
lands claimed by a "mother" country in an area far away.
A written plan of government for a colony, state, or nation.
The first elected representative body in America.
The name for the first English settlement in North America.
Colony
lands claimed by a "mother" country in an area far away.
Constitution
A written plan of government for a colony, state, or nation.
32 terms
American History I - chapter 4
Judiciary Act of 1789
Alexander Hamilton
cabinet
Bank of the United States
law that set up the federal court system
An early Federalist leader and first secretary of the treasur…
leaders of the executive department who serve as the advisers…
a national bank funded by the federal government and wealthy…
Judiciary Act of 1789
law that set up the federal court system
Alexander Hamilton
An early Federalist leader and first secretary of the treasur…
19 terms
American History, Week 4
Lost Colony of Roanoke
CROATOAN
Jamestown
date Jamestown founded
1587, group of people from England try to establish a colony.…
only clue left carved in tree by colonists of Roanoke
first permanent English colony
1607
Lost Colony of Roanoke
1587, group of people from England try to establish a colony.…
CROATOAN
only clue left carved in tree by colonists of Roanoke
25 terms
American History Chapter 4
First Continental Congress
Patriots
minutemen
Redcoats
a gathering of colonial leaders who were deeply troubled abou…
colonists who chose to fight for independence from Great Brit…
local militia, who got their name because they were ready to…
British Soldiers who fought against the colonists in the Amer…
First Continental Congress
a gathering of colonial leaders who were deeply troubled abou…
Patriots
colonists who chose to fight for independence from Great Brit…
5 terms
American History 4-4
Appalachain mountains
Scots-Irish
Fall line
Piedmont
Mountain range stretching from eastern Canada south to Alabama
The name given to people from the borderlands of Scotland and…
The point at which waterfalls prevent large boats from from m…
The broad plateau that lies at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mou…
Appalachain mountains
Mountain range stretching from eastern Canada south to Alabama
Scots-Irish
The name given to people from the borderlands of Scotland and…
5 terms
American history 4.4
Appachian Moutains
Scot Irish
Fall line
Piedmont
Mountian range streching from easteran Canda to south Alabama
The name given from borderlands of Scotland and England and f…
The point at which water falls prevent large boats from movin…
The broad plateau that lies at the foot of the blue mountains…
Appachian Moutains
Mountian range streching from easteran Canda to south Alabama
Scot Irish
The name given from borderlands of Scotland and England and f…
10 terms
American History 4:4
Theodore Roosevelt
Square Deal
Hepburn Act
Meat Inspection Act
in 1901 became president of the united states
its goals where to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking…
gave the ICC strong enforcement powers
federal agents had to inspect all meat productions
Theodore Roosevelt
in 1901 became president of the united states
Square Deal
its goals where to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking…
11 terms
American History 5.4
petition
preamble
debate
status
formal request
introduction to a formal document (Constitution)
discussion by opposing points of view
rank, position
petition
formal request
preamble
introduction to a formal document (Constitution)
9 terms
American History 4:4
Proprietors
Quakers
Toleration Act of 1649
Tensions
Owners
Society of Friends; Protestant sect founded in 1640s on Engla…
Maryland law that made restricting the religious rights of Ch…
Issues that cause stress or unease.
Proprietors
Owners
Quakers
Society of Friends; Protestant sect founded in 1640s on Engla…
15 terms
American History 4.4
1890 census
Socialism
Communist Manifesto
Early labor unions
9% of Americans had 75% of nations wealth
Public, not private, control of property and income
Karl Marx... Workers will one day overthrow capitalism... Americans…
Most were trade unions ... Most did not last long
1890 census
9% of Americans had 75% of nations wealth
Socialism
Public, not private, control of property and income
16 terms
American History Chapter 4 Vocab
subsistence farming
triangular trade
middle passage
cash crop
Type of farming where you produce just enough to feed your fa…
Trade routes that exchanged goods between the West Indies, th…
The sea voyage when enslaved Africans were shipped to the Wes…
Farm crops raised to be sold at market, such as tobacco, rice…
subsistence farming
Type of farming where you produce just enough to feed your fa…
triangular trade
Trade routes that exchanged goods between the West Indies, th…
14 terms
American history 4.4
Square deal
Hepburn act
Meat inspection act
Pure food and drug act
President roosevelts program of reforms to keep the wealthy a…
1906 law that gave the government the authority to set railro…
1906 law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat…
1906 law that allowed federal inspection of of food and medic…
Square deal
President roosevelts program of reforms to keep the wealthy a…
Hepburn act
1906 law that gave the government the authority to set railro…
24 terms
American History Unit 4
The Articles of Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Cong…
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
Described how the land north of the Ohio River could become s…
Daniel Shay led a group of farmers to stop the courts from se…
The Articles of Confederation
original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Cong…
The Land Ordinance of 1785
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
22 terms
American History-Chapter 4
Abraham Lincoln
South Carolina
Reconctruction
Slavery
President when South Carolina seceded from the Union
First state to secede from the Union
Enough Radicals won seats in the mid-term elections to overri…
Was herreditary; Children could be kept as slaves
Abraham Lincoln
President when South Carolina seceded from the Union
South Carolina
First state to secede from the Union
32 terms
American History Ch 4
Stamp Act
Samuel Adams
Townshend Acts
Boston Massacre
Law passed by Parliament to make colonists buy a stamp to pla…
One of the founders of the Sons of Liberty
Laws passed by Parliament in 1767 that set indirect taxes on…
Conflict between colonists and British soldiers in which four…
Stamp Act
Law passed by Parliament to make colonists buy a stamp to pla…
Samuel Adams
One of the founders of the Sons of Liberty
30 terms
Chapter 4 american history
Samuel Adams
Stamp Act
Writs of assistance
Boston Massacre
American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Fou…
an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue…
a written order (a writ) issued by a court instructing a law…
was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a…
Samuel Adams
American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Fou…
Stamp Act
an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue…
22 terms
American History Chapter 4
Phillis Wheatley
Benjamin Franklin
Anne Bradstreet
Natural rights
Former slave who became a poet at an early age
A colonial write who started a newspaper in Philadelphia call…
First colonial poet who only became famous after death.
The idea that all humans are born with rights, which include…
Phillis Wheatley
Former slave who became a poet at an early age
Benjamin Franklin
A colonial write who started a newspaper in Philadelphia call…
51 terms
American History-Chapter 4
Robert E. Lee
Abraham Lincoln
Ulysses S. Grant
Jefferson Davis
Confederacy
Union, goal= to reunite the Union, to keep the Union together.
Union Leader, won many battles, placed in charge of entire Un…
President of the Confederacy, Richmond was the Capital.
Robert E. Lee
Confederacy
Abraham Lincoln
Union, goal= to reunite the Union, to keep the Union together.
12 terms
American History Exam #4
trading post colony
strategic control colony
exploitation colony
parish settlement colony
a colony established largely for local trade with natives and…
a colony established to control a territory or a strategic pa…
a colony designed to maximize financial profit from possessio…
a colony designed to establish a new home for permanent settl…
trading post colony
a colony established largely for local trade with natives and…
strategic control colony
a colony established to control a territory or a strategic pa…
24 terms
American History Unit 4
The Articles of Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Cong…
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
Described how the land north of the Ohio River could become s…
Daniel Shay led a group of farmers to stop the courts from se…
The Articles of Confederation
original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Cong…
The Land Ordinance of 1785
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
24 terms
American History 4.2
What are the Southern Colonies?
Define Tidewater
What helped the colonists grow cash cr…
How did farming in the South differ fr…
(Grace Makes Vanilla Cakes) Georgia, Maryland, Virginia, and…
the flat land along the coast where the earliest plantations…
1) Southern soil + nearly year-round growing conditions... 2) ri…
NE: Practiced subsistence farming... South: Large Plantations
What are the Southern Colonies?
(Grace Makes Vanilla Cakes) Georgia, Maryland, Virginia, and…
Define Tidewater
the flat land along the coast where the earliest plantations…
45 terms
American History, Ch. 4 (American Revolution)
First Continental Congress
Patriots
Thomas Gage
Robert Newman
1774: meeting of colonial leaders held in Philadelphia. Compr…
Colonists who favored fighting for independence. ... Estimated 4…
Governor of Massachusetts who found out about a stockpile of…
Shined light in Old North Church watching for British invasio…
First Continental Congress
1774: meeting of colonial leaders held in Philadelphia. Compr…
Patriots
Colonists who favored fighting for independence. ... Estimated 4…
14 terms
American History Chapter 4
Stamp Acts
Townsend Act
Intolerable Acts
Continental Army
*Formation of the Sons of Liberty was a response... *taxes on do…
Duties on material imported from Britain, glass, lead and paper
Colonies response was to assemble the First Continental Congr…
First victory in Trenton, NJ, low point was Valley Forge
Stamp Acts
*Formation of the Sons of Liberty was a response... *taxes on do…
Townsend Act
Duties on material imported from Britain, glass, lead and paper
41 terms
American History Quiz #4
Manifest destiny
Cumberland Gap
Keelboat
How would you describe Jedediah Smith?…
The belief and attitude that the United States should be conq…
gateway to the west that belongs to the European superpowers
a large, flat freight boat used on rivers
Jedediah Smith was the best trapper, and he created settler p…
Manifest destiny
The belief and attitude that the United States should be conq…
Cumberland Gap
gateway to the west that belongs to the European superpowers
24 terms
American history #4
The articles of confederation
The land ordinance of 1785
The Northwest ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
Original federal constitution drafted by the continental cong…
organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
Described how the land north of the Ohio river could become s…
Daniel Shay's led a group of farmers to stop the courts from…
The articles of confederation
Original federal constitution drafted by the continental cong…
The land ordinance of 1785
organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
14 terms
Chapter 4 American History
Sir Francis Drake
Roanoke
Jamestown
Captain John Smith
"sea dog" who returned with ship full of Spanish treasure; kn…
"The lost colony" founded by John white
1st permanent English settlement in North America
Organized Jamestown and imposed a harsh law "He who will not…
Sir Francis Drake
"sea dog" who returned with ship full of Spanish treasure; kn…
Roanoke
"The lost colony" founded by John white
29 terms
American History/chap. 4
Jacksonian democracy
industrial Revolution
women's rights movement
manifest destiny
Jackson's brand of politics and the changes he inspired
a time when advances in technology led to economic changes
social movement that sought to improve the status of women
belief if was God's sovereign will for the United States to e…
Jacksonian democracy
Jackson's brand of politics and the changes he inspired
industrial Revolution
a time when advances in technology led to economic changes
3.4 American History
Manifest Destiny
Annex
Mexican War
Compromise of 1850
Argument that it was the undeniable fate of the United States…
To join or attach an in the joining of a new territory to an…
Conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 18…
Agreement designed to ease tensions caused by the expansion o…
Manifest Destiny
Argument that it was the undeniable fate of the United States…
Annex
To join or attach an in the joining of a new territory to an…
24 terms
American History 1 Unit 4
The Articles of Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
Original federal constitution drafted by the continental Cong…
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
Described how the land north of the Ohio River could become s…
Daniel Shay's led a group of framers to stop the courts from…
The Articles of Confederation
Original federal constitution drafted by the continental Cong…
The Land Ordinance of 1785
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
American History Terms #4
William Randolph Hearst
Federal Reserve Act
16th amendment
19th amendment
American newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest n…
Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Rese…
Allows the creation of federal income tax
Womens rights to vote NATIONWIDE over the age of 21
William Randolph Hearst
American newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest n…
Federal Reserve Act
Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Rese…
29 terms
Unit #4 American History
The Judiciary Act of 1789
The Bill of Rights
Hamilton's Financial Plan
The Whiskey Rebellion
This act of Congress created the federal judiciary; it solved…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution; these were adde…
Alexander Hamilton proposed creating a national bank, paying…
Farmer led rebellion in western PA. The farmers were upset ab…
The Judiciary Act of 1789
This act of Congress created the federal judiciary; it solved…
The Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution; these were adde…
24 terms
American History unit #4
The Articles of Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
Original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Cong…
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
Described how the land north of the Ohio River could become s…
Daniel Shay's led group of farmers to stop the courts from se…
The Articles of Confederation
Original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Cong…
The Land Ordinance of 1785
Organization distribution of land into townships, setting asi…
44 terms
American History Q4
Convention
Constitution
George Washington
Congress
a group made up of delegates from several states to form a Co…
a plan of government under which people should live
was president of the Convention
the body of government that made the laws
Convention
a group made up of delegates from several states to form a Co…
Constitution
a plan of government under which people should live
36 terms
American History Goal 4
Act
Inventions
Economy
Racism
...
something invented; especially : an original device or process
A system for producing and distributing goods, and services t…
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits a…
Act
...
Inventions
something invented; especially : an original device or process
9 terms
3.4 american history
manifest destiny
annex
Mexican War
compromise of 1850
argument that it was the undeniable fate of the united states…
to join or attach as in the joining of a new territory to an…
war between america and mexico ending with the Americans winn…
agreement to ease tensions caused by the expansion of slavery…
manifest destiny
argument that it was the undeniable fate of the united states…
annex
to join or attach as in the joining of a new territory to an…
9 terms
3.4 American History
Manifest Destiny
Annex
Mexican War
Compromise of 1850
argument that it was the undeniable fate of the United States…
to join or attach, as in the joining of a new territory to an…
conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 18…
agreement designed to ease tensions caused by the expansion o…
Manifest Destiny
argument that it was the undeniable fate of the United States…
Annex
to join or attach, as in the joining of a new territory to an…
11 terms
American history 18.4
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Warsaw Pact
U-2 incident
Eisenhower Doctrine
He led the nation that developed the first hydrogen bomb.
The satellite nations of the Soviet Union were members of thi…
This event led Khrushchev to call off a summit conference he…
This policy was intended to defend the Middle East against an…
Dwight D. Eisenhower
He led the nation that developed the first hydrogen bomb.
Warsaw Pact
The satellite nations of the Soviet Union were members of thi…
20 terms
American History, Lesson 4
Most soldiers in the civil war
Recruitment of Union and Confederate s…
Europeans and Native Americans fought…
African-Americans in the Union Army
Came from small towns
We're met by quotas very early in the war
Both the Union and Confederate armies
Were allowed to fight and see action in the war, but we're no…
Most soldiers in the civil war
Came from small towns
Recruitment of Union and Confederate s…
We're met by quotas very early in the war
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