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Study sets matching "american history chapter 7"

10 terms
American History Chapter 7
Ragtime
assimilate
Jim Crow
Lynching
Style of music consisting of melodies with shifting accents o…
Process by which people of one culture merge into and become…
System of laws that segregated public services by race, begin…
Illegal seizure and execution of a person by a mob
Ragtime
Style of music consisting of melodies with shifting accents o…
assimilate
Process by which people of one culture merge into and become…
American History / Chapter 7
John C. Calhoun
Revenue Tariff
Protective Tariff
John Marshall
Republican that proposed the 2nd National Bank and sponsored…
A tax on goods that provides income for the federal government
A tax on goods to help domestic manufacturers by taxing impor…
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court whose rulings helped estab…
John C. Calhoun
Republican that proposed the 2nd National Bank and sponsored…
Revenue Tariff
A tax on goods that provides income for the federal government
8 terms
American History chapter 7
Glided Age
Political machine
Graft
Tammany Hall
A period of cheating in politics
Behind the scenes control of government.
illegal use of political influence for their own wants.
Most famous political machine
Glided Age
A period of cheating in politics
Political machine
Behind the scenes control of government.
25 terms
American History - Chapter 7
Doubts
Water
Loyalists
Swamp Fox
Washington had personal ____about taking command of the Conti…
Molly Pitcher is famous for bringing this to the troops.
AKA Tories.
Francis Marion's cool nickname.
Doubts
Washington had personal ____about taking command of the Conti…
Water
Molly Pitcher is famous for bringing this to the troops.
10 terms
American History Chapter 7!!
squatter
overlander
secularize
mestizo
An area within a city in a less developed country in which pe…
Person who traveled to the west, finding his or her way with…
What word means, "to put under the control of the state, rath…
A new racial concept that develops in Latin America following…
squatter
An area within a city in a less developed country in which pe…
overlander
Person who traveled to the west, finding his or her way with…
American History / Chapter 7
John C. Calhoun
John Marshall
Monroe Doctrine
Missouri Compromise
Republican that proposed the 2nd National Bank and sponsored…
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court whose rulings helped estab…
Did Not allow European powers from settling in North or South…
the compromise did not allow slavery in the territories north…
John C. Calhoun
Republican that proposed the 2nd National Bank and sponsored…
John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court whose rulings helped estab…
30 terms
American history I - chapter 7
Eli Whitney
interchangeable parts
mass production
Industrial Revolution
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contr…
identical components that can be used in place of one another…
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and c…
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transf…
Eli Whitney
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contr…
interchangeable parts
identical components that can be used in place of one another…
70 terms
American History-Chapter 7
"Birds of Passage"
"Old Immigrants" (before 1890)
"New Immigrants" (after 1890)
Reasons to emmigrate (Push Factors)
People who intended to immigrate temporarily to earn money, a…
Came mainly from western and northern Europe.
Came mainly from southern and eastern Europe.
Escape religious persecution, population overcrowding, scarce…
"Birds of Passage"
People who intended to immigrate temporarily to earn money, a…
"Old Immigrants" (before 1890)
Came mainly from western and northern Europe.
30 terms
American history I -The Americans chapter 7
Eli Whitney
interchangeable parts
mass production
Industrial Revolution
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contr…
identical components that can be used in place of one another…
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and c…
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transf…
Eli Whitney
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contr…
interchangeable parts
identical components that can be used in place of one another…
40 terms
American History-Chapter 7
Entrepreneur
Graft
Corporation
Chinese Exclusion Act
Someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk
Someone illegally uses political influence for personal gain
An organization that is authorized by law to carry on an acti…
Closed the door on Chinese Immigration in 1882
Entrepreneur
Someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk
Graft
Someone illegally uses political influence for personal gain
19 terms
American History chapter 7
depreciate
amendment
constitution
manumission
to fall in value
addition to a document
plan of government
freeing of individual enslaved person
depreciate
to fall in value
amendment
addition to a document
23 terms
American History Chapter 7
Angel Island
Melting pot
Nativism
Chinese Exclusion Act
In San Francisco Bay. 50000 Chinese immigrants entered the Un…
A mixture of people of different cultures and races who blend…
Or overt favoritism toward native born Americans.
Banned entry to all Chinese except students, teacher merchant…
Angel Island
In San Francisco Bay. 50000 Chinese immigrants entered the Un…
Melting pot
A mixture of people of different cultures and races who blend…
16 terms
American History chapter 7
Urbanization
Ellis Island
Melting pot
Skyscrapers
Rapid growth of cities
Important immigrant processing station
Blended nationalities that create a single culture
10-story or higher buildings with Stella frames
Urbanization
Rapid growth of cities
Ellis Island
Important immigrant processing station
20 terms
American History Chapter 7
George Washington
John Burgoyne
Joseph Brant
Benedict Arnold
Commander of the Continental Army
British army general in the Revolutionary War
Mohawk Cheif allied with the British
U.S army general in the Reovlutionary war but later turned tr…
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
John Burgoyne
British army general in the Revolutionary War
18 terms
American History Chapter 7: Land of the Free
The Bill of Rights
checks and balances
U.S. Constitution
George Washington
1st 10 Amendments to the Constitution that detail the protect…
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the p…
The government of the United States. A set of principles (gui…
1st president of the United States
The Bill of Rights
1st 10 Amendments to the Constitution that detail the protect…
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the p…
28 terms
American History Chapter 7
George Washington
electoral college
Martha Washington
precedent
Revolutionary War hero and Patriot leader, he served as a rep…
a group of people selected from each of the states to cast vo…
Wife of George Washington, she was the First Lady
an action or decision that later serves as an example
George Washington
Revolutionary War hero and Patriot leader, he served as a rep…
electoral college
a group of people selected from each of the states to cast vo…
26 terms
Chapter 7 American History
Daniel Shays
James Madison
Constitution
Roger Sherman
Led an uprising of 1,000 Massachusetts farmers
Virginian that took careful notes of the Constitutional Conve…
A document stating the rules under which a government will op…
Delegate from Connecticut, said people should have as little…
Daniel Shays
Led an uprising of 1,000 Massachusetts farmers
James Madison
Virginian that took careful notes of the Constitutional Conve…
14 terms
American History Chapter 7 Terms
What happened at Harper's Ferry?
What was the Abolitionist Movement?
What was the Civil War?
What was the Compromise of 1850?
Radical abolitionist John Brown led a raid on this place to o…
From the 1830s until 1870, this movement attempted to achieve…
From 1861-1865 some 620,000 soldiers were killed and much of…
Senator Henry Clay championed this package of 5 bills intende…
What happened at Harper's Ferry?
Radical abolitionist John Brown led a raid on this place to o…
What was the Abolitionist Movement?
From the 1830s until 1870, this movement attempted to achieve…
55 terms
American History Chapter 7
Confederation
Articles of Confederation
Unicameral
Treaty of Paris
Close alliance of sovereign states
Documents stating America as a confederation and to address i…
Having only one house
Confederation's greatest triumph in foreign affairs and decla…
Confederation
Close alliance of sovereign states
Articles of Confederation
Documents stating America as a confederation and to address i…
30 terms
American History Chapter 7
nullification crisis
Monroe Doctrine
Samuel Morse
Cotton Belt
occurred when South Carolina threatened to secede if a certai…
declared the United States would stay out of European affairs
patented the telegraph
stretched across the South from Virginia to Texas
nullification crisis
occurred when South Carolina threatened to secede if a certai…
Monroe Doctrine
declared the United States would stay out of European affairs
22 terms
American History - Chapter 7
Eli Whitney
Industrial Revolution
cotton gin
Henry Clay
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin in 1793
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transf…
A machine with a simple mechanism, for cleaning the seeds fro…
A northern American politician; developed the American System…
Eli Whitney
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin in 1793
Industrial Revolution
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transf…
11 terms
Chapter 7 American History
Nationalism
Sectionalism
Eli whitney
interchangeable parts
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation... A dev…
Loyalty to a state or section rather than to the whole country
Invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts
Identical components that can be used in place of one another…
Nationalism
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation... A dev…
Sectionalism
Loyalty to a state or section rather than to the whole country
24 terms
Ayers American History Chapter 7
Nationalism
MuCulloch v Maryland
John Quincy Adams
Monroe Doctrine
a belief in placing national interests above regional concerns
Strengthened the federal government's control over the economy
1. Helped to expand US territory to include Florida... 2. Defeat…
1. Warned European powers not to interfere with the affairs o…
Nationalism
a belief in placing national interests above regional concerns
MuCulloch v Maryland
Strengthened the federal government's control over the economy
29 terms
Chapter 7 American History
American Revolution
Continental Army
Democracy
Rebellion
The strugle of the colonies in North America to gain their in…
The American army during the American Revolution.
A system of govenment in which the power to govern belongs to…
A violent attempt to resist or overthrow the government or an…
American Revolution
The strugle of the colonies in North America to gain their in…
Continental Army
The American army during the American Revolution.
54 terms
Chapter 7 American History
How many Europeans immigrated to the U…
Push Factor for Russian immigrants com…
Push factors of immigration for Europe…
Pull factors of immigration for Europe…
Approximately 20 million
Many were Jews escaping religious persecution
political persecution, religious persecution, growing populat…
religious freedom, jobs in industry, farmland, to be safe fro…
How many Europeans immigrated to the U…
Approximately 20 million
Push Factor for Russian immigrants com…
Many were Jews escaping religious persecution
31 terms
American History Chapter 7 Vocabulary
George Washington
John Burgoyne
Joseph Brant
Benedict Arnold
He was the commander of the Continental Army.
He was a British army general in the Revolutionary War. He wo…
He was the Mohawk Chief who allied his tribe with the British.
He was a very good Continental Army general in the Revolution…
George Washington
He was the commander of the Continental Army.
John Burgoyne
He was a British army general in the Revolutionary War. He wo…
32 terms
American history I - chapter 7
cotton gin
American System
Erie Canal
Tariff of 1816
A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented…
Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support…
- an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson River and the…
This protective tariff helped American industry by raising th…
cotton gin
A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented…
American System
Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support…
54 terms
Mr. Whidden's Chapter 7 Review American History
John Adams
John Jay
Federal court system
Precedent
The nation s first vice president was
The first chief justice of the United States was
The Judiciary Act of 1789 established what kind of legal syst…
Another name for a case that sets an example for other judges…
John Adams
The nation s first vice president was
John Jay
The first chief justice of the United States was
American History Chapter 7
Alexander Hamilton
Daniel Shays
Henry Knox
John Adams
author of the most Federalist essays
led uprising of Massachusetts farmers
Secretary of War
served as a diplomat abroad and was unable to serve at the Co…
Alexander Hamilton
author of the most Federalist essays
Daniel Shays
led uprising of Massachusetts farmers
15 terms
Chapter 7 American History
constitution
executive
economic depression
Daniel Shays
A document which spells out the principles by which a governm…
Carries out the laws
Period when business activity slows, prices and wages drop, a…
A captain veteran of the Revolutionary War, he led impoverish…
constitution
A document which spells out the principles by which a governm…
executive
Carries out the laws
22 terms
American History Chapter 7
Constitution
Bicameral
Republic
Petition
a formal plan of government
consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legisl…
a government in which citizens rule through elected represent…
a formal request
Constitution
a formal plan of government
Bicameral
consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legisl…
10 terms
American History chapter 7
Great Britain
Militia
Proclamation
Parliament
The name adopted in 1707 when England, Scotland, and Wales be…
a group of volunteer, part-time soldiers
A proclamation from the British government which forbade Brit…
Britain's law-making assembly
Great Britain
The name adopted in 1707 when England, Scotland, and Wales be…
Militia
a group of volunteer, part-time soldiers
30 terms
American History Chapter 7
Bill of Rights
Shay's Rebellion
Protect people accused of a crime
First Amendment
Antifederalists wanted this added to the Constitution
Proved the Articles of Confederation were too weak to deal wi…
Amendments 5 through 8 do this
This is where protections like freedom of speech and religion…
Bill of Rights
Antifederalists wanted this added to the Constitution
Shay's Rebellion
Proved the Articles of Confederation were too weak to deal wi…
19 terms
American History Chapter 7 People
Haym Solomon
Johan de Kalb
Benedict Arnold
John Andre
He was a Philadelphia business who become the financier of th…
He was a Bavarian nobleman who came to America to fight for u…
He was the American general who eventually became a traitor t…
He was a British major who was the spy master of the British…
Haym Solomon
He was a Philadelphia business who become the financier of th…
Johan de Kalb
He was a Bavarian nobleman who came to America to fight for u…
33 terms
AMERICAN HISTORY - CHAPTER 7
census
ratification
right of deposit
tariff
a count of the population
the giving of formal approval to certain documents
the freedoms of stockpile good temporarily at a foreign locat…
a charge on imported goods
census
a count of the population
ratification
the giving of formal approval to certain documents
17 terms
Chapter 7 American History
Jim Crow Laws
poll tax
Literacy Test
grandfather clause
segregation laws enacted in the South after Reconstruction
sum of money to be paid before a person could vote
reading and writing tests formerly used in southern states to…
law to disqualify African American voters by allowing to vote…
Jim Crow Laws
segregation laws enacted in the South after Reconstruction
poll tax
sum of money to be paid before a person could vote
17 terms
Chapter 7 American History
Jim Crow Laws
poll tax
Literacy Test
grandfather clause
segregation laws enacted in the South after Reconstruction
sum of money to be paid before a person could vote
reading and writing tests formerly used in southern states to…
law to disqualify African American voters by allowing to vote…
Jim Crow Laws
segregation laws enacted in the South after Reconstruction
poll tax
sum of money to be paid before a person could vote
25 terms
Chapter 7, American History
push-pull factors
Pacific Railway Acts
Morrill Land-Grant Act
land speculators
events and conditions that either force (push) people to move…
the government gave large land grants to the Union Pacific an…
it gave state government millions of acres of western lands,…
people who bought up large areas of land in the hope of selli…
push-pull factors
events and conditions that either force (push) people to move…
Pacific Railway Acts
the government gave large land grants to the Union Pacific an…
97 terms
American History Chapter 7
April 22, 1889
Homestead
Oklahoma Rush
Govt. opened more land in the west as…
Federal govt gave away 2 million acres of land it had purchas…
Settlers needed to settle on the land for several years befor…
50,000 men, women and children participated in staking out la…
Oklahoma Rush success
April 22, 1889
Federal govt gave away 2 million acres of land it had purchas…
Homestead
Settlers needed to settle on the land for several years befor…
8 terms
American History Chapter 7
Ida Tarbell
Lincoln Steffens
Nineteenth Amendment
Fifteenth Amendment
She was one of the leading "muckrakers" pioneered investigati…
New York reporter, The Shame of the Cities
Allowed women to vote
Allowed races to vote
Ida Tarbell
She was one of the leading "muckrakers" pioneered investigati…
Lincoln Steffens
New York reporter, The Shame of the Cities
10 terms
US History Chapter 7: The American Revolution
Ally
American Revolution
Continental army
crucial
A nation that joins another nation in some common effort, suc…
the war between Great Britain and its American colonies, 1775…
the American army during the American Revolution
extremely important
Ally
A nation that joins another nation in some common effort, suc…
American Revolution
the war between Great Britain and its American colonies, 1775…
18 terms
American History chapter 7
Constitutions
Republic
Bill of Rights
Confederation
a plan of government that describes different parts of the go…
A form of government in which the people select representativ…
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
Constitutions
a plan of government that describes different parts of the go…
Republic
A form of government in which the people select representativ…
American History Chapter 7
Noah Webster
Mercy Warren
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Banneker
teacher and author, wrote American spelling books
History of American Revolution
doctor, scientist, believed mental illness was physical disease
writer, inventor, published almanac on stars, planets, moon,…
Noah Webster
teacher and author, wrote American spelling books
Mercy Warren
History of American Revolution
24 terms
American History Mr. C Chapter 7
Ellis Island
Angel Island
Melting pot
Nativism
Immigration hub of N.Y. where most immigrants from Europe pas…
In San Francisco Bay. 50000 Chinese immigrants entered the Un…
A mixture of people of different cultures and races who blend…
Or overt favoritism toward native born Americans.
Ellis Island
Immigration hub of N.Y. where most immigrants from Europe pas…
Angel Island
In San Francisco Bay. 50000 Chinese immigrants entered the Un…
American History Chapter 7
patronage
mercantilism
depreciate
veto
A system in which benefits, including jobs, money, or protect…
The economic theory that all parts of a nation's or empire's…
To decrease in value, as in the decline of the purchasing pow…
The constitutional right of a ruler or executive to block leg…
patronage
A system in which benefits, including jobs, money, or protect…
mercantilism
The economic theory that all parts of a nation's or empire's…
35 terms
American History chapter 7
pull push factors
Pacific Railway Acts
Morrill Land-Grant Act
land speculator
events or conditions that either force(push) people to move e…
Laws passed in 1862 and 1864 giving large land grants to the…
Passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of…
Person who buys up large areas of land in the hope of selling…
pull push factors
events or conditions that either force(push) people to move e…
Pacific Railway Acts
Laws passed in 1862 and 1864 giving large land grants to the…
20 terms
American History - Chapter 7
Matthew C. Perry
Dollar diplomacy
Platt Amendment
Protectorate
Led a naval expedition to Japan in 1853
Belief that if American business leaders supported Latin Amer…
Ensured that Cuba would remain tied to the U.S.
Local rulers had to accept advice from an imperial power
Matthew C. Perry
Led a naval expedition to Japan in 1853
Dollar diplomacy
Belief that if American business leaders supported Latin Amer…
14 terms
Chapter 7 American History
Elected Representative
John Locke
Roger Sherman
Federalists
Elected people to represent the government (by the people for…
English philosopher, contract between people and ruler, Belie…
Proposed the Great Comprimise
Supported the Constitution
Elected Representative
Elected people to represent the government (by the people for…
John Locke
English philosopher, contract between people and ruler, Belie…
11 terms
American History chapter 7
james monroe
industrial revolution
indian removal act
missouri compromise
-was elected in 1816... -during his presidency the economy grew…
-the birth of modern industry which led to social changes... -te…
-led by president jackson... -the relocation of the "five civili…
-under this missiouri was admitted to the union as a slave st…
james monroe
-was elected in 1816... -during his presidency the economy grew…
industrial revolution
-the birth of modern industry which led to social changes... -te…
19 terms
american history chapter 7
placer mining
soddie
deflation
money supply
a mining technique in which minors shoveled loose dirt into b…
a home whose walls and roofs are made of grass with thick roo…
drop in the price of goods
amount of money in the national supply
placer mining
a mining technique in which minors shoveled loose dirt into b…
soddie
a home whose walls and roofs are made of grass with thick roo…
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