How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "amino acids molecular biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "amino acids molecular biology"

8 terms
Molecular Biology: Amino Acids
Name all of the hydrophilic amino acids
Name all of the hydrophobic amino acids
Name all of the amphipathic amino acids
Name all the acidic amino acids
Cystine, aspartic acid, aspargene, argenine, glutamine, gluta…
Glycine, isoleucine, valine, alanine, phenylalanine, leucine,…
Tryptophan, tyrosine, methionine, and lysine
Aspartic acid and glutamic acid
Name all of the hydrophilic amino acids
Cystine, aspartic acid, aspargene, argenine, glutamine, gluta…
Name all of the hydrophobic amino acids
Glycine, isoleucine, valine, alanine, phenylalanine, leucine,…
20 terms
Molecular Biology Amino Acids
Glycine
Alanine
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid
Gly, G (Neutral-nonpolar)
Ala, A (Neutral-nonpolar)
Asp, D (Acidic)
Glu, E (Acidic)
Glycine
Gly, G (Neutral-nonpolar)
Alanine
Ala, A (Neutral-nonpolar)
20 terms
20 Amino Acids - Molecular Biology
Lysine (Lys)
Arginine (Arg)
Histidine (His)
Aspartic acid (Asp)
basic side chain
very basic because it's positive charge is stabilized by reso…
Nitrogens have a relatively weak affinity for H+ and is only…
acidic side chain
Lysine (Lys)
basic side chain
Arginine (Arg)
very basic because it's positive charge is stabilized by reso…
20 terms
20 Amino Acids - Molecular Biology
Lysine (Lys)
Arginine (Arg)
Histidine (His)
Aspartic acid (Asp)
basic side chain
very basic because it's positive charge is stabilized by reso…
Nitrogens have a relatively weak affinity for H+ and is only…
acidic side chain
Lysine (Lys)
basic side chain
Arginine (Arg)
very basic because it's positive charge is stabilized by reso…
31 terms
molecular biology- amino acids and proteins
what are amino acids
what is the key characteristic of an a…
how are specific amino acid groups det…
how many amino acids are there
the building blocks of proteins
they contain -NH2
their R groups
20
what are amino acids
the building blocks of proteins
what is the key characteristic of an a…
they contain -NH2
20 terms
Molecular Biology Exam 1 (20 Amino Acids)
Phe
Tyr
Thr
Asp
Phenylalanine
Tyrosine
Threonine
Aspartic Acid
Phe
Phenylalanine
Tyr
Tyrosine
23 terms
Molecular Biology Part II - Amino Acids and Proteins
Amino acids
Specific amino acid
Number of amino acids
Amino acid modification
Building blocks of proteins, contain nitrogen in the amino gr…
Determined by its R group
20
Glutamine to Pyroglutamate which occurs in antibodies for res…
Amino acids
Building blocks of proteins, contain nitrogen in the amino gr…
Specific amino acid
Determined by its R group
20 terms
UWRF Cell and Molecular Biology (BIOL 240)-Amino Acids
Lysine
Arginine
Histidine
Aspartic Acid
Basic Side Chain... Lys; K
Basic Side Chain... Arg; R
Basic Side Chain... His; H
Acidic Side Chain... Asp; D
Lysine
Basic Side Chain... Lys; K
Arginine
Basic Side Chain... Arg; R
9 terms
Molecular Amino Acids
Phosphorlated
strong positive charge
ubiquilated
start codon
tyrosine, threomine and serine
asparagine and glutamine
lysine
methyionine
Phosphorlated
tyrosine, threomine and serine
strong positive charge
asparagine and glutamine
20 terms
molecular amino acids
glycine
alanine
apspartic acid
glutamic acid
Gly, G
Ala, A
Asp, D
Glu, E
glycine
Gly, G
alanine
Ala, A
40 terms
molecular: amino acids
cysteine: 3
cysteine:1
Histidine: 3
Histidine: 1
CYS
C
HIS
H
cysteine: 3
CYS
cysteine:1
C
20 terms
Cell & Molecular Amino Acids
aspartate
glutamate
Arginine
Lysine
Asp, acidic
Glu, acidic
Arg, Basic
Lys, basic
aspartate
Asp, acidic
glutamate
Glu, acidic
9 terms
Cell & Molecular (Amino Acids)
acidic side groups
basic side groups
phosphorylated side chains
aromatic side chains
(negatively charged) ... 1. Aspartate (Asp)... 2. Glutamate (Glu)
(positively charged)... 1. Arginine (Arg)... 2. Lysine (Lys)... 3. His…
(ATP-->ADP: extra phosphate added to amino acid)... 1. Serine (S…
(absorb UV/ringed hydrocarbons that are hydrophobic)... 1. Pheny…
acidic side groups
(negatively charged) ... 1. Aspartate (Asp)... 2. Glutamate (Glu)
basic side groups
(positively charged)... 1. Arginine (Arg)... 2. Lysine (Lys)... 3. His…
20 terms
Molecular-Amino Acids
Glycine
Alanine
Proline
Valine
Gly... G
Ala... A
Pro... P
Val... V
Glycine
Gly... G
Alanine
Ala... A
63 terms
Molecular - Amino Acids & More
Alanine
Arginine
Asparagine
Aspartic Acid
Nonpolar
Ionic
Polar
Ionic
Alanine
Nonpolar
Arginine
Ionic
46 terms
Chapter 2: Molecular Biology: Part 2: Amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids
Structure of an amino acid
What is an amino group?
What is the key element that allows to…
Which component of an amino acid deter…
Nitrogen
R group
Structure of an amino acid
What is an amino group?
19 terms
Biomolecules: Amino Acids and Proteins -- Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
Simply put, what is the Central Dogma…
What kind of acid makes up DNA?
What kind of acid makes up RNA?
What kind of acid makes up protein?
DNA makes RNA makes protein
Nucleic acids
Nucleic acids
Amino acids
Simply put, what is the Central Dogma…
DNA makes RNA makes protein
What kind of acid makes up DNA?
Nucleic acids
21 terms
Biology - 20 Amino Acids
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
Glycine (Gly,G)
Alanine (Ala, A)
Valine (Val, V)
Polar, can add a phosphate to make a kinase.
Optically inactive
Hydrophobic
Hydrophobic
Tyrosine (Tyr, Y)
Polar, can add a phosphate to make a kinase.
Glycine (Gly,G)
Optically inactive
20 terms
Biochemistry: Amino Acid Molecular Appearance
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Glycine
Alanine
20 terms
Amino Acids - Cell Biology
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Nonpolar... Gly, G
Nonpolar... Ala, A
Nonpolar... Val, V
Nonpolar... Leu, L
Glycine
Nonpolar... Gly, G
Alanine
Nonpolar... Ala, A
20 terms
Adv. Biology Amino Acids
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Glycine
Alanine
47 terms
MCAT Biology -- Amino Acids
G
A
P
L
Glycine
Alanine
Proline
Leucine
G
Glycine
A
Alanine
20 terms
Biology/Biochemistry Amino Acids
Alanine, Ala, A
Valine, Val, V
Leucine, Leu, L
Isoleucine, Ile, I
non-polar, aliphatic
non-polar, aliphatic
non-polar, aliphatic
non-polar, aliphatic
Alanine, Ala, A
non-polar, aliphatic
Valine, Val, V
non-polar, aliphatic
29 terms
Cell Biology Amino Acids
A
C
D
E
Alanine
Cysteine
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid
A
Alanine
C
Cysteine
20 terms
Biology: Amino Acids
glycine
alanine
valine
leucine
g, gly, non-polar side chains
a, ala, non-polar side chains
v, val, non-polar side chains
l, leu, non-polar side chains
glycine
g, gly, non-polar side chains
alanine
a, ala, non-polar side chains
20 terms
Biology 213 amino acids
alanine
leucine
Valine
Isoleucine
alanine
leucine
20 terms
Biology 213 amino acids
alanine
leucine
Valine
Isoleucine
alanine
leucine
9 terms
Biology Fuggi - Amino Acids
amino acids
peptide bond
20
12
What are monomers of proteins called?
What is a bond between two of these monomers called?
How many amino acids are there ?
How many amino acids does the body make ?
amino acids
What are monomers of proteins called?
peptide bond
What is a bond between two of these monomers called?
20 terms
molecular bio quiz 2 amino acids
Alanine
Arginine
Aspartic Acid
Asparagine
Ala A nonpolar
Arg R basic
Asp D acidic
Asn N polar
Alanine
Ala A nonpolar
Arginine
Arg R basic
20 terms
Biology: Amino Acids
Valine; Val; V... Nonpolar
Alanine; Ala; A... Nonpolar
Leucine; Leu; L... Nonpolar
Glycine; Gly; G... Nonpolar
Valine; Val; V... Nonpolar
Alanine; Ala; A... Nonpolar
20 terms
Molecular Phylogenies - Amino Acid Code
A
C
D
E
Alanine
Cysteine
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid
A
Alanine
C
Cysteine
40 terms
Molecular biology and nucleic acids
genome
transciptome
proteome
metabolone
complete DNA base sequence in an organism
complete set of RNA molecules that are transcribed from a cel…
entire set of proteins synthesized by a cell
sum total of all the low molecular weight metabolite molecule…
genome
complete DNA base sequence in an organism
transciptome
complete set of RNA molecules that are transcribed from a cel…
Biology (amino acids and proteins)
fisher prjection
classification of amino acids
nonpolar aliphatic
nonpolar aromatic
1. orient carbon chain vertically... 2. put carbon atom with hig…
1. non-polar, aliphatic... 2. aromatic... 3. polar, uncharged... 4. +v…
glycine ... alanine... proline ... valine ... leucine ... isoleucine ... methio…
phenyalanine... tyrosine... tryptophan
fisher prjection
1. orient carbon chain vertically... 2. put carbon atom with hig…
classification of amino acids
1. non-polar, aliphatic... 2. aromatic... 3. polar, uncharged... 4. +v…
20 terms
Amino Acids Biology
Nonpolar
Nonpolar
Nonpolar
Nonpolar
Glycine (Gly or G) C2H5NO2
Alanine (A or Ala) C3H7NO2
Valine (Val or V) C5H11NO2
Leucine (Leu or L) C6H13NO2
Nonpolar
Glycine (Gly or G) C2H5NO2
Nonpolar
Alanine (A or Ala) C3H7NO2
22 terms
biology and biochemistry Amino acids
glycine
alanine
valine
methionine
no chiral carbon therefore no optical activity ... --- causes br…
glycine
no chiral carbon therefore no optical activity ... --- causes br…
alanine
20 terms
Amino Acids Biology
Nonpolar
Nonpolar
Nonpolar
Nonpolar
Glycine (Gly or G) C2H5NO2
Alanine (A or Ala) C3H7NO2
Valine (Val or V) C5H11NO2
Leucine (Leu or L) C6H13NO2
Nonpolar
Glycine (Gly or G) C2H5NO2
Nonpolar
Alanine (A or Ala) C3H7NO2
16 terms
Cell biology (amino acid)
Methionine
Alanine
Arginine
Asparagine
nonpolar
nonpolar
positive charge
polar
Methionine
nonpolar
Alanine
nonpolar
20 terms
Biology Amino Acids
Ala
Arg
Asn
Asp
Alanine
Arginine
Asparagine
Aspartic Acid
Ala
Alanine
Arg
Arginine
Biology Review: Amino Acids
DeltaG and equilibrium relationship?
DNA methylation
Histone acetylation ... Histone deacetyla…
Experiments assume
A negative deltaG moves the rxn towards spontaneous equilibrium
Represses gene transcription
- removes + charge, decreasing histone interaction, forming e…
The hypothesis is correct if the results partially work, they…
DeltaG and equilibrium relationship?
A negative deltaG moves the rxn towards spontaneous equilibrium
DNA methylation
Represses gene transcription
20 terms
Amino Acids Cell Biology
alanine
arginine
aspargine
aspartic acid
ala; A; non-polar; conformational stability
arg; R; positive; ligand-binding and catalysis
asn; N; uncharged polar; glycosylation; ligand binding and ca…
asp; D; negative; ligand binding and catalysis
alanine
ala; A; non-polar; conformational stability
arginine
arg; R; positive; ligand-binding and catalysis
26 terms
Biology amino acids
Dipeptide
Polypeptide
Denaturation
Factors that change protien shape
Two amino acids linked
Long chain of amino acids
Proteins losing their shape
Temperature, PH
Dipeptide
Two amino acids linked
Polypeptide
Long chain of amino acids
20 terms
Biology: Amino Acids (20)
Glycine
Alanin
Valine
Leucine
G - non polar hydrophobic
A- non polar hydrophobic
V- non polar hydrophobic
L- non polar hydrophobic
Glycine
G - non polar hydrophobic
Alanin
A- non polar hydrophobic
43 terms
Biology: Amino Acids
serine
threonine
cysteine
tyrcsine
ser
thr
cys
tyr
serine
ser
threonine
thr
13 terms
Biology: Proteins and Amino Acids
R-Group
Condensation
Hydrolysis
Polypeptide
Variable side chain of an amino acid, also called the functio…
Reaction where water is produced as a byproduct
Reaction where large molecules are broken down using water
Chain of more than three amino acid residues
R-Group
Variable side chain of an amino acid, also called the functio…
Condensation
Reaction where water is produced as a byproduct
20 terms
Amino acids biology
Phe
Leu
Ser
Tyr
PHENYLALANINE
LEUCINE
SERINE
TYROSINE
Phe
PHENYLALANINE
Leu
LEUCINE
19 terms
Biology Amino Acids and Nucleic Acids
Amino Acids
Proteins
Enzyme
All Amino Acids contain
the building blocks of protein
any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist…
type of super-protein
Carboxyl Group ... Amino Group... R Group
Amino Acids
the building blocks of protein
Proteins
any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist…
35 terms
Biology-Amino Acids Quiz
What are the common elements found in…
Main elements in Carbohydrate and ratio
Main elements in Lipids
Main elements in Protein
Nitrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Phosporus, Sulfur. (CHONPS)
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen 1:2:1
C C C C C C... I I I I I O... H H H H H
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur
What are the common elements found in…
Nitrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Phosporus, Sulfur. (CHONPS)
Main elements in Carbohydrate and ratio
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen 1:2:1
20 terms
Amino Acids AP Biology
Arginine
Lysine
Aspartic acid
Glutamic acid
Arg - R
Lys - K
Asp - D
Glu - E
Arginine
Arg - R
Lysine
Lys - K
20 terms
Cell Biology Amino Acids
Lysine
Arginine
Histidine
Aspartic Acid
Lys
Arg
His
Asp
Lysine
Lys
Arginine
Arg
Amino Acids Cell Biology
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid
Arginine
Lysine
Asp... D ... "-" Negative Charge
Glu ... E... "-" Negative Charge
Arg... R ... positively charged "+"
Lys... K ... positively charged "+"
Aspartic Acid
Asp... D ... "-" Negative Charge
Glutamic Acid
Glu ... E... "-" Negative Charge
1 of 10