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Study sets matching "amphibians chapter 12"

Chapter 12 Fishes and Amphibians
vertebrate
coldblooded animals
warmblooded animals
gills
an animal that has a backbone
animals that do not produce much internal heat.
animals that maintain their body temperatures internally as a…
feathery structures through which water-dwelling animals obta…
vertebrate
an animal that has a backbone
coldblooded animals
animals that do not produce much internal heat.
20 terms
Chapter 12: Fishes, Amphibians & Reptiles
vertebrate
cranium
endostyle
notochord
animal with a backbone; includes mammals, birds, reptiles, am…
skull; protects brain
small hairs used to trap food particles
hollow nerve cord along the spine
vertebrate
animal with a backbone; includes mammals, birds, reptiles, am…
cranium
skull; protects brain
Chapter 12 Fishes and Amphibians
vertebrate
coldblooded animals
warmblooded animals
gills
an animal that has a backbone
animals that do not produce much internal heat.
animals that maintain their body temperatures internally as a…
feathery structures through which water-dwelling animals obta…
vertebrate
an animal that has a backbone
coldblooded animals
animals that do not produce much internal heat.
10 terms
Chapter 12.3 & 12.4: Amphibians & Reptiles
amphibian
convergent adaptation
ecdysis
hyoid bone
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding…
when different animal species develop similar traits in simil…
shedding and replacement of skin or limbs
A small, u-shaped bone that assists in catching prey
amphibian
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding…
convergent adaptation
when different animal species develop similar traits in simil…
17 terms
Chapter 12 Vocabulary - Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles
Chordate
Notochord
Cartilage
Vertebra
The phylum whose members have a notochord, a nerve cord and s…
A flexible rod that supports a chordate's back.
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
The bones that make up the backbone of an animal.
Chordate
The phylum whose members have a notochord, a nerve cord and s…
Notochord
A flexible rod that supports a chordate's back.
12 terms
Chapter 12 Section 3: Amphibians
amphibian
tadpole
lung
atrium
an animal that spends its early life in water and its adult l…
the larval from of a frog or a toad
an organ found in air-breathing vertebrates that exchange oxy…
each of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blo…
amphibian
an animal that spends its early life in water and its adult l…
tadpole
the larval from of a frog or a toad
65 terms
Chapter 18 - Amphibians
What order do Salamanders belong to?
Define paedomorphism
Which family of salamanders exhibit al…
What is the genus and species of the m…
Caudata
neotony
Cryptobranchids
Necturus maculosus
What order do Salamanders belong to?
Caudata
Define paedomorphism
neotony
15 terms
Science/ 12.3 Notes: Amphibians
amphibian
What are the two major groups of amphi…
Characteristics of Salamanders.
Characteristics of frogs and toads.
a vertebrate that is ectothermic and spends its early life in…
1. salamanders - have a tail... 2. frogs/toads - no tail... The dif…
* internal fertilization... * larvae look like adult salamanders…
* external fertilization... * fertilized eggs covered in jelly a…
amphibian
a vertebrate that is ectothermic and spends its early life in…
What are the two major groups of amphi…
1. salamanders - have a tail... 2. frogs/toads - no tail... The dif…
Ch 12 - Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles
ectotherm
endotherm
skeletons
oxygen
an animal whose body temperature changes depending on the env…
an animal whose body controls and regulates its temperature b…
the 3 major groups of fishes are distinguished from one anoth…
gills and lungs enable ______________ to get into an animal's…
ectotherm
an animal whose body temperature changes depending on the env…
endotherm
an animal whose body controls and regulates its temperature b…
10 terms
Chapter 3 - Amphibians
amphibian
frog
land
lizard
两栖动物
青蛙
陆上
蜥蜴
amphibian
两栖动物
frog
青蛙
31 terms
Chapter 25 Amphibians
Ectothermic
In the water
Olfactory epithelium
Yes
Ectothermic or Endothermic?
Where do their eggs develop, and where do they reproduce?
How do amphibians sense airborne odors?
Do they have ears?
Ectothermic
Ectothermic or Endothermic?
In the water
Where do their eggs develop, and where do they reproduce?
25 terms
Chapter 25 Amphibians
Carnivoire
Chromatophores
Direct Development
Double Circulation
eats meat
pigment cells that change the color of an organism, allowing…
The young animal is born or hatched with the same appearance…
4 chambered heart; right and left atrium, right takes blood t…
Carnivoire
eats meat
Chromatophores
pigment cells that change the color of an organism, allowing…
10 terms
Chapter 23 - Amphibians
Double Circulation
Eusthenopteron
Ichthyostega
Acanthostega
Directing deoxygenated blood into the lungs for oxygenation,…
A Devonian lobe-fin fish living approximately 385 million yea…
An early tetrapod genus that lived at the end of the Upper De…
An extinct genus of stem-tetrapod, among the first vertebrate…
Double Circulation
Directing deoxygenated blood into the lungs for oxygenation,…
Eusthenopteron
A Devonian lobe-fin fish living approximately 385 million yea…
Chapter 40 Amphibians
Preadaptations
Toad
Frog
Anuran
Adaptions in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new fun…
Commonly used for any anuran that has rough, bumpy skin
Commonly refers to anuran having smooth, moist skin
Means tailless and reflects the fact that no adult has a tail
Preadaptations
Adaptions in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new fun…
Toad
Commonly used for any anuran that has rough, bumpy skin
23 terms
Chapter 30: Amphibians
Ectothermic
Larval form of frogs
Neoteny
Metamorphosis
body temperature is regulated by the external environment
tadpoles
axolotls reach maturity without undergoing metamorphosis
process by which amphibians develop into air-breathing adults…
Ectothermic
body temperature is regulated by the external environment
Larval form of frogs
tadpoles
10 terms
Chapter 17: Amphibians
is amphibia a Class, Order, Subphylum,…
What characteristics comprise Amphibia?
Describe the 3-Chambered Heart
What are the 3 orders of Amphibia
It is a Class... Class Amphibia
1.) Limbs with girdles to aid in walking support... 2.) Tongue f…
2 aria and 1 ventricle, double circulation through the heart
1.) Gymnophiona... 2.) Caudata... 3.) Anura
is amphibia a Class, Order, Subphylum,…
It is a Class... Class Amphibia
What characteristics comprise Amphibia?
1.) Limbs with girdles to aid in walking support... 2.) Tongue f…
16 terms
Chapter 19 Amphibians Vocabulary Terms
Atria
Ventricle
Granular Glands
Zygapophyses
The two upper chambers of the heart. One receives non-oxygena…
Hollow chamber that receives and oxygenates blood from the at…
Glands located all over the body's epidermis that produce nox…
Located on each vertebrae. Allows for strength and prevents b…
Atria
The two upper chambers of the heart. One receives non-oxygena…
Ventricle
Hollow chamber that receives and oxygenates blood from the at…
22 terms
Chapter 11: Fish, Amphibians & Reptiles
chordate
notochord
vertebrae
ectotherm
the phylum whose members have a notochord, a nerve cord and s…
a flexible rod that supports a chordates back.
the small bones that make up the backbone.
an animal whose body does not produce much internal heat.
chordate
the phylum whose members have a notochord, a nerve cord and s…
notochord
a flexible rod that supports a chordates back.
20 terms
Chapter 34: Chordates-Amphibians
Lobe-fin fishes
Lungfishes
Tetrapods
Challenges of being on Land for
- include two living groups the have some characteristics of…
- retain a prominent notochord but have well-developed verteb…
- the ancestrally terrestrial and four-limbed vertebrates ... -…
- oxygen is 20 times more concentrated in air than in water... -…
Lobe-fin fishes
- include two living groups the have some characteristics of…
Lungfishes
- retain a prominent notochord but have well-developed verteb…
47 terms
Chapter 3 Fishes, Amphibians, & Reptiles
vertebrates
chordates
tunicates
lancelets
Animals with a backbone.
The phylum CHORDATA includes vertebrates, lancelets, and tuni…
Marine organism like a sea squirt.
Marine organism.
vertebrates
Animals with a backbone.
chordates
The phylum CHORDATA includes vertebrates, lancelets, and tuni…
21 terms
Chapter 16 Section 3: Amphibians
What are most types of amphibians?
What animals did amphibians evolve from?
What is a lung?
What does amphibian mean?
frogs and toads
lungfishes
an organ sac that takes oxygen from the air and delivers it t…
double life
What are most types of amphibians?
frogs and toads
What animals did amphibians evolve from?
lungfishes
48 terms
Chapter 28: Fishes and Amphibians
Characteristics of fish
Jaws (Fish)
Reproduction (Fish)
live-bearers
- jaws... - reproduction... -paired fins... - scales... - respiratory sys…
-most fish have them... -jaws evolved from gill arches... -facilita…
-separate sexes; male and female... - fertilization in most is e…
- young develop in body
Characteristics of fish
- jaws... - reproduction... -paired fins... - scales... - respiratory sys…
Jaws (Fish)
-most fish have them... -jaws evolved from gill arches... -facilita…
9 terms
Chapter 30 Chordates, Fishes, Amphibians
tunicates and lancelets
single loop- closed circulatory system
gills and kidneys
oviparous
The two groups of nonvertebrate chordates are
Blood flows through the body of a fish in a
Most fishes get rid of waste by
If a species of fish reproduces through external fertilizatio…
tunicates and lancelets
The two groups of nonvertebrate chordates are
single loop- closed circulatory system
Blood flows through the body of a fish in a
21 terms
Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles-Chapter 3
Chordate
Notochord
Vertebra
Ectotherm
An animal that has a dorsal, hollow nerve cord;a notochord;ph…
A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
Back Bone
an animal whose body temperature varies with the temperature…
Chordate
An animal that has a dorsal, hollow nerve cord;a notochord;ph…
Notochord
A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
22 terms
Chapter 16 - Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles
vertebrate
chordates
4 body parts of chordates
notochord
animals that have a backbone
members of the phylum Chordata, which include vertebrates
- tail... - notochord... - hollow nerve chord... - pharyngeal pouches
stiff but flexible rod that gives a chordate's body support
vertebrate
animals that have a backbone
chordates
members of the phylum Chordata, which include vertebrates
Chapter 25: Amphibians
Carnivore
Chromatophores
Direct development
Double circulation
Eats meat
Pigment cells
A life cycle sequence from zygote to adult without intervenin…
A systemic circulation serving the body and a pulmonary circu…
Carnivore
Eats meat
Chromatophores
Pigment cells
11 terms
chapter 9 amphibians
most amphibians are
amphibians means because of metamorphi…
lay fetilized eggs
amphibians start as
frogs and salamanders
double life
internal fertilization
tadpole
most amphibians are
frogs and salamanders
amphibians means because of metamorphi…
double life
31 terms
Chapter 29: vertebrates- amphibians
tetrapod
skeletal girdle
ectothermic
ammonia
4 limbs; amphibians were the first of these
have 2 of these with stocky limbs attached with five digits
do not use metabolism to regulate body temperature; can't sur…
NH3; secreted by water larval amphibians; is toxic
tetrapod
4 limbs; amphibians were the first of these
skeletal girdle
have 2 of these with stocky limbs attached with five digits
15 terms
Chapter 40 Amphibians
Preadaptions
Tadpoles
Mucous glands
Radioulna
Adaptions in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new fun…
Swimming, tailed larvae.
A gland in the skin of an amphibian that produces lubricants…
A single bone formed by the fusion of the bones in of the low…
Preadaptions
Adaptions in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new fun…
Tadpoles
Swimming, tailed larvae.
24 terms
Biology chapter 40 amphibians
Preadaptations
Amphibian
Metamorphosis
Frog
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
double" and "life"
change from an aquatic larval stage to a terrestrial adult form
refers to anurans having smooth, moist skin,
Preadaptations
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
Amphibian
double" and "life"
51 terms
Chapter 40-Amphibians
Preadaptations
Metamorphosis
Order Anura (Largest Order)
Order Caudata
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
A transitional change from an aquatic larval stage to a terre…
Frogs and Toads. Bodies are adapted for jumping and have long…
Salamanders; long tails, long bodies and moist skin; can be f…
Preadaptations
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
Metamorphosis
A transitional change from an aquatic larval stage to a terre…
24 terms
Biology chapter 40 - amphibians
Preadaptations
Metamorphosis
Toad
Frog
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
change from an aquatic larval stage to a terrestrial adult form
anuran that has rough, bumpy skin
anurans having smooth, moist skin
Preadaptations
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
Metamorphosis
change from an aquatic larval stage to a terrestrial adult form
11 terms
Amphibians-Chapter 17
Tetrapod
Coelacanth
Modern Amphibians
Characteristics of Modern Amphibians
Greek meaning "four feet"
360 million years ago, lobe-finned fish
Caecilians, Salamanders, Newts, Frogs, and Toads
Mostly bony skeleton, usually four limbs (quadrupedal), free-…
Tetrapod
Greek meaning "four feet"
Coelacanth
360 million years ago, lobe-finned fish
59 terms
Chapter 18: Reptiles and Amphibians
coldblooded
Poikilotherms... Fluctuates
born alive
Lizards and snakes
Unlike mammals, reptiles are considered _________ animals bec…
_________ are animals whose body temperature _________ with i…
The eggs of some snakes and lizards are retained within the o…
What animals make up the largest order of reptiles?
coldblooded
Unlike mammals, reptiles are considered _________ animals bec…
Poikilotherms... Fluctuates
_________ are animals whose body temperature _________ with i…
37 terms
Chapter 49 Amphibians
preadaptations
lobe-finned fishes
sarcopterygian
Anura
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
what did amphibians evolve from
extinct lobe-finned fish related to amphibians
largest order of amphibians
preadaptations
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
lobe-finned fishes
what did amphibians evolve from
14 terms
Chapter 40 Amphibians
Preadaptation
Tadpole
Mucous Gland
Pulmonary Circulation
A feature present in an ancestral group that allows a shift t…
The aquatic, fishlike larva of a frog or toad
Provides a lubricant that keeps the skin moist in the air
The flow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to th…
Preadaptation
A feature present in an ancestral group that allows a shift t…
Tadpole
The aquatic, fishlike larva of a frog or toad
17 terms
Chapter 25 Amphibians
Tetrapod
Caecilian
Spermatophore
Paedomorphosis
a vertebrate animal having four feet or legs or leglike appen…
smooth skin, small eyes, blind, or nearly blind, have long wo…
A package of sperm cells that is produced by males of species…
The retention in an adult organism of the juvenile features o…
Tetrapod
a vertebrate animal having four feet or legs or leglike appen…
Caecilian
smooth skin, small eyes, blind, or nearly blind, have long wo…
17 terms
Chapter 25 Amphibians
Tetrapod
Caecilian
Spermatomphore
Paedomorphosis
a vertebrate animal having four feet or legs or leglike appen…
Worm-like, legless amphibians found in the tropics
a protein capsule containing a mass of spermatozoa, transferr…
The retention in an adult organism of the juvenile features o…
Tetrapod
a vertebrate animal having four feet or legs or leglike appen…
Caecilian
Worm-like, legless amphibians found in the tropics
14 terms
Chapter 40-amphibians
Preadaptation
Tadpole
Mucous gland
Pulmonary circulation
A feature in an ancestral group that allows a shift to new fu…
The aquatic fishlike larva of a frog or toad
Provides a lubricant that keeps the skin moist in the air
The flow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to th…
Preadaptation
A feature in an ancestral group that allows a shift to new fu…
Tadpole
The aquatic fishlike larva of a frog or toad
25 terms
Chapter 25 Amphibians
Carnivore
Chromatophores
Direct development
Double circulation
Eats meat
Cells that allow an organism to change color
Animal hatches and looks the way it will as an adult
Heart with 4 chambers. Right takes blood to lungs and left ta…
Carnivore
Eats meat
Chromatophores
Cells that allow an organism to change color
Chapter 42- Amphibians
The first amphibians evolved from...
Amphibian comes from the Greek words m…
Amphibians probably adapted to life on…
Early Amphibians are similar to lobe-f…
lobe-finned bony fishes
"double" and "life" (live on land and water)
escape predation and competition; gain access to abundant res…
similarities in shape and position of skull, vertebral column…
The first amphibians evolved from...
lobe-finned bony fishes
Amphibian comes from the Greek words m…
"double" and "life" (live on land and water)
14 terms
Chapter 40 Amphibians Vocab
preadaptation
tadpole
mucous gland
pulmonary circulation
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
an aquatic, fishlike larvae of a frog or toad
supplies a lubricant that keeps the skin moist in air
carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs and ba…
preadaptation
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
tadpole
an aquatic, fishlike larvae of a frog or toad
26 terms
Biology Chapter 40: Amphibians
Preadaptaions
Metamorphosis
Toad
Frog
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
The transformation from an aquatic larval stage to an adult
General descriptions of any anuran that has rough, bumpy skin
General description of any anuran that has smooth moist skin
Preadaptaions
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
Metamorphosis
The transformation from an aquatic larval stage to an adult
11 terms
Chapter 19: Amphibians
Evolutionary modifications
Features
Respiration: 3 respiratory surfaces
Features of Respiration
Adaption to life on land - many not completely independent of…
Tetrapods... Bony endoskeleton... Skin smooth, moist, thin: require…
Skin: cutaneous respiration... Mouth: burral(buccopharyngeal bre…
Circulation with 3-chambered heart... -2 atria, 1 ventricle + si…
Evolutionary modifications
Adaption to life on land - many not completely independent of…
Features
Tetrapods... Bony endoskeleton... Skin smooth, moist, thin: require…
9 terms
chapter 40 // amphibians
amphibian
amplexus
Anura
metamorphosis
characterized by metamorphosis, moist, thick skin with no sca…
where the male frog grasps onto the back of a female frog to…
the order or frogs and toads
a phase in the life cycle of many animals during which a rapi…
amphibian
characterized by metamorphosis, moist, thick skin with no sca…
amplexus
where the male frog grasps onto the back of a female frog to…
36 terms
Chapter 40: Amphibians
preadaptation
tadpole
mucous gland
pulmonary circulation
an adaptation in an ancestral group that evolves through natu…
the aquatic, fishlike larva of a frog or toad
a gland in the skin of an amphibian that produces lubricants…
the flow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to th…
preadaptation
an adaptation in an ancestral group that evolves through natu…
tadpole
the aquatic, fishlike larva of a frog or toad
28 terms
Chapter 40 Amphibians
preadaptation
tadpole
mucous gland
pulmonary circulation
an adaptation in an ancestral group that evolves through natu…
the aquatic, fishlike larva of a frog or toad
a gland in the skin of an amphibian that produces lubricants…
the flow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart to th…
preadaptation
an adaptation in an ancestral group that evolves through natu…
tadpole
the aquatic, fishlike larva of a frog or toad
64 terms
Chapter 42 Amphibians
pyloric valve
mesentary
abdominal
duodenum
located between the stomach and SI... controls the movement of f…
supports the small intestines/cellophane like membrane
What body cavity contains the stomach and intestines?
straight portion of SI
pyloric valve
located between the stomach and SI... controls the movement of f…
mesentary
supports the small intestines/cellophane like membrane
23 terms
chapter 40 amphibians
Preadaptations
Amphibian
Metamorphosis
Frog
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
double" and "life"
change from an aquatic larval stage to a terrestrial adult form
refers to anurans having smooth, moist skin,
Preadaptations
adaptations in an ancestral group that allow a shift to new f…
Amphibian
double" and "life"
20 terms
Chapter 40 Amphibians
Double life
Land vertabrate
Carnivores
Metamorphosis
The word amphibian is derived from the Greek words meaning
The book states that they were the earliest known
Adult amphibians are
They undergo
Double life
The word amphibian is derived from the Greek words meaning
Land vertabrate
The book states that they were the earliest known
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