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Study sets matching "amphibians vertebrate zoology"

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Study sets matching "amphibians vertebrate zoology"

42 terms
Vertebrate Zoology - Amphibians
Bufo quercicus
Bufo americanus
Bufo terrestris
Bufo woodhousii
Oak toad
American toad
Southern toad
Woodhouse's toad
Bufo quercicus
Oak toad
Bufo americanus
American toad
17 terms
Vertebrate Zoology L7 Amphibians
Amphibian definition
3 Amphibian orders
Shared derived characteristics
Circulatory system
Tetrapod with no amniotic egg derived from group Lissamphibia…
Apoda (Gymnophiona) - Caecilians... Urodela (Caudata) - salamand…
Skin structure (mucus and poison glands), papilla amphibiamm…
Double, heart consists of 2 atria and one ventricle with ridg…
Amphibian definition
Tetrapod with no amniotic egg derived from group Lissamphibia…
3 Amphibian orders
Apoda (Gymnophiona) - Caecilians... Urodela (Caudata) - salamand…
25 terms
General Vertebrate Zoology - Amphibian Diversity
Synapomorphies of Amphibians
Gymnophiona
Caeciliidae
Caeciliidae Description
1. paired limbs... 2. incomplete ossification of carpal and tars…
Caecilians (order)
Caecilians (family)
calcite scales, annulated rings... limbless... no eyes, or covered…
Synapomorphies of Amphibians
1. paired limbs... 2. incomplete ossification of carpal and tars…
Gymnophiona
Caecilians (order)
165 terms
Birds, Fish, Amphibians WWU Vertebrate Zoology 2015
House Sparrow
Pacific-slope Flycatcher
Olive-sided Flycather
Barn Swallow
Passeriformes
Passeriformes
Passeriformes
Passeriformes
House Sparrow
Passeriformes
Pacific-slope Flycatcher
Passeriformes
15 terms
Zoology Exam 4 chp 29 vertebrates - amphibians
List the distinguishing characteristic…
Describe amphibian skin and its role i…
Describe amphibian reproduction.
Describe amphibian metamorphosis and i…
First tetrapods (4 limbs)... 2 skeletal girdles w/ stocky limbs…
Cutaneous gas exchange (through moist skin)... gills as larvae,…
external fertilization but some internal... oviparous - lay eggs…
larvae (aquatic herbivore) -> goes through metamorphosis -> a…
List the distinguishing characteristic…
First tetrapods (4 limbs)... 2 skeletal girdles w/ stocky limbs…
Describe amphibian skin and its role i…
Cutaneous gas exchange (through moist skin)... gills as larvae,…
26 terms
Vertebrate zoology L7 modern amphibians
amphibian
amphibian classes
apoda (gymnophiona)
urodela (caudata)
tetrapod that does not have an amniotic egg
apoda, urodela, anura
caecilians
salamanders and newts
amphibian
tetrapod that does not have an amniotic egg
amphibian classes
apoda, urodela, anura
24 terms
zoology amphibians
tympanic membrane
American toad
gray tree frog/ Cope's tree frog
Western chorus frog
tympanic membrane
American toad
16 terms
Zoology Amphibians
granular glands
chromatophores
zygapophyses
tetrapods
glands that produce noxious or toxic secretions and are distr…
cells containing pigment that, through contraction and expans…
interlocking processes that prevent twisting between vertebrae
a taxonomic designation that refers to extant amphibians, rep…
granular glands
glands that produce noxious or toxic secretions and are distr…
chromatophores
cells containing pigment that, through contraction and expans…
15 terms
Zoology Amphibians
Amphibian classes
Bio-indicator
Ectothermic
Caecilians
Frogs and toads, salamanders, caecilians
Animal that can indicate the health of an environment
Cold blooded; change body temp due to external sources
Gymnophiona
Amphibian classes
Frogs and toads, salamanders, caecilians
Bio-indicator
Animal that can indicate the health of an environment
53 terms
Zoology (Amphibians)
What is meant by the statement "most a…
Skeleton
Limbs
Skin
non-shelled eggs, permeable skin, and aquatic larvae
mostly bony
usually tetrapod, some are legless, webbed feet
smooth and moist with many glands
What is meant by the statement "most a…
non-shelled eggs, permeable skin, and aquatic larvae
Skeleton
mostly bony
9 terms
Vertebrate - Amphibians
What does amphibian mean
Tell the story of an amphibian's life
The 3 groups of amphibians
2 General characteristics of fish
Amphibian means "double life"
1. External fertilization... a. Female lay eggs... b. Male fertil…
1. Caecilians... 2. Salamanders... 3. Toads and frogs
1. They are ectotherm's with a streamline body, fins, and gil…
What does amphibian mean
Amphibian means "double life"
Tell the story of an amphibian's life
1. External fertilization... a. Female lay eggs... b. Male fertil…
212 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
What are the main characteristics of v…
Why is having a "backbone" unique to v…
What are the benefits of having verteb…
Why is a skeleton necessary?
Having a "backbone", a cranium, pharyngeal gill pouches, and…
If the backbone does not have vertebra it is not truly a vert…
For mobility and lighter than an exoskeleton. Because vertebr…
For movement, mobility, and attachment
What are the main characteristics of v…
Having a "backbone", a cranium, pharyngeal gill pouches, and…
Why is having a "backbone" unique to v…
If the backbone does not have vertebra it is not truly a vert…
26 terms
Zoology amphibians
Acanthostega
Adaptions
Cutaneous resp
Metamorphisis
Dinosaur of amphibians ... -had gills... -360m yrs old... -lungs ... -8to…
Increases bone density... More mobile
Breathing through skin
What amphibeans go through
Acanthostega
Dinosaur of amphibians ... -had gills... -360m yrs old... -lungs ... -8to…
Adaptions
Increases bone density... More mobile
9 terms
Zoology Amphibians
Land Skills
General Amphibian info
Order Caudata
Family Plethodontidae
Gills are usually lost by adulthood ... Lungs function ... Breathe…
Land and water ... -reproduce in water ... Skin with mucoid ... Secret…
Salamander comprise order ... A long tail is the defining charac…
No lungs ... Breathes through skin exclusively as an adult ... The…
Land Skills
Gills are usually lost by adulthood ... Lungs function ... Breathe…
General Amphibian info
Land and water ... -reproduce in water ... Skin with mucoid ... Secret…
10 terms
Zoology Amphibians
Axolotls
Retina
Tetrapod
Caecilians
Gilled individuals
Has rods and cones that help with colored vision
Animals that have adapted for life on land
Elongate, limbless, burrowing creatures
Axolotls
Gilled individuals
Retina
Has rods and cones that help with colored vision
48 terms
Zoology Amphibians
Amphibia
Internal Fertilization w/o copulation
Amplexus
Buccopharyngeal resperation
Double life - Moves back and fourth between water and land
Male deposits a pocket of sperm, females pick it up with thei…
Male gets on top and embraces female, the female discharges e…
Gas exchange by the mouth, They gulp in air to bring in oxygen
Amphibia
Double life - Moves back and fourth between water and land
Internal Fertilization w/o copulation
Male deposits a pocket of sperm, females pick it up with thei…
19 terms
Zoology - Amphibians
Anura
Pulmonary Circulation
Systemic Circulation
Pulmonary Respiration
toad/frog, characterized by a body adapted for jumping, have…
the movement of blood between the heart and lungs
the movement of blood between the heart and all parts of the…
a type of respiration involving lungs, in which air is inhale…
Anura
toad/frog, characterized by a body adapted for jumping, have…
Pulmonary Circulation
the movement of blood between the heart and lungs
38 terms
Amphibians Vertebrate Natural History
Sirenidae... Siren... - Has only 2 front limbs
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma maculatum... - H…
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma opacum... - Has…
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma texanum... - Has…
Sirenidae... Siren... - Has only 2 front limbs
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma maculatum... - H…
50 terms
Zoology- Amphibians
what does the word amphibian mean
what cause amphibians to push toward a…
three characteristics shared by amphib…
what was the name of the best known ea…
double life
aquatic vertebrates first moved onto land as shallow pools of…
skull, vertebral column, bones
ichothyostetga
what does the word amphibian mean
double life
what cause amphibians to push toward a…
aquatic vertebrates first moved onto land as shallow pools of…
8 terms
Vertebrates: Amphibians
Phylum Chordata Class Amphibia
Phylum Chordata Class Amphibia: gas ex…
Phylum Chordata Class Amphibia: ectoth…
Phylum Chordata Class Amphibia: Excret…
"double life", frogs... 1. first tetrapods - 4 limbs (Carbonifer…
cutaneous (obtain O2 through skin)... -gills have larvae, lungs…
-do not use metabolism to regulate body temp... -can't survive i…
-larvae excrete ammonia... -adults excrete urea (less toxic, req…
Phylum Chordata Class Amphibia
"double life", frogs... 1. first tetrapods - 4 limbs (Carbonifer…
Phylum Chordata Class Amphibia: gas ex…
cutaneous (obtain O2 through skin)... -gills have larvae, lungs…
24 terms
zoology amphibians
Oviparity
Viviparity
Ovoviviparity
Ectothermic
Reproductive tract enclose egg jn touch portective shell; egg…
No shell around egg, eggs retained in body, nourished bum oth…
Eggs laid shortly before hatching or hatch inside female, nou…
Body heat comes from surrounding environment, slow metabolism…
Oviparity
Reproductive tract enclose egg jn touch portective shell; egg…
Viviparity
No shell around egg, eggs retained in body, nourished bum oth…
10 terms
Vertebrates - Amphibians
lungs
metamorphosis
ectotherms
aquatic larvae
These organs in amphibians allow them to obtain oxygen from t…
Process amphibians undergo as they transition from an aquatic…
They are these types of organisms allowing them to obtain the…
Amphibians have these (early developmental stage in water)
lungs
These organs in amphibians allow them to obtain oxygen from t…
metamorphosis
Process amphibians undergo as they transition from an aquatic…
38 terms
Amphibians Vertebrate Natural History
Sirenidae... Siren... - Has only 2 front lim…
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma maculatum... - H…
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma opacum... -no ha…
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma texanum... - Has…
Sirenidae... Siren... - Has only 2 front lim…
Ambystomatidae... Ambystoma maculatum... - H…
8 terms
Amphibians - Vertebrates
Skin
Lungs
Limbs
Legs
Soft moist skin permeable to water and gases
Simple lungs with small folds and moist skin for gas exchange
Yes - Tetrapods with Pentadactyl limbs
Yes - 4 when adults
Skin
Soft moist skin permeable to water and gases
Lungs
Simple lungs with small folds and moist skin for gas exchange
10 terms
( vertebrates) Amphibians
Amphibian
Resorb
Hibernation
Estivation
"double life''
dissolve their tails
winter state of inactivity
summer state of inactivity
Amphibian
"double life''
Resorb
dissolve their tails
15 terms
Amphibians - Vertebrates
Can live in water
Lung
Amphibians evolved from...
Live part of their life in water and p…
Have lungs and legs
A saclike organ takes oxygen from the air and delivers oxygen…
Fish
Land
Can live in water
Have lungs and legs
Lung
A saclike organ takes oxygen from the air and delivers oxygen…
40 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Chordata
Hemichordata
Urochordata
Cepholachordata
Containing notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, postanal tail…
members of this phylum have a throat with pharyngeal gill sli…
(oura: tail, chorda: cord) tunicates. Have well developed not…
(head-cord) lancelet, amphioxus. well-developed notochord all…
Chordata
Containing notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, postanal tail…
Hemichordata
members of this phylum have a throat with pharyngeal gill sli…
9 terms
Vertebrates- Amphibians
Pulmonary circuit:
Systemic circuit:
What is cutaneous respiration?
Amphibians can live on land but are no…
Oxygen poor blood is pumped to the skin and lungs where it ca…
Oxygen rich blood is pumped to the organs and returns as oxyg…
respiring directly through skin
lay eggs in water
Pulmonary circuit:
Oxygen poor blood is pumped to the skin and lungs where it ca…
Systemic circuit:
Oxygen rich blood is pumped to the organs and returns as oxyg…
44 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Eastern Gray Squirrel
Fox Squirrel
Nine-banded Armadillo
Raccoon
Eastern Gray Squirrel
Fox Squirrel
38 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Birds = ... Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Subphyl…
Mammals= ... Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Subphy…
diastema
pre maxilla notch
Domain = eukaoryota... Kingdom = animalia... Phylum = chordata ... Sub…
Domain = eukaryota... Kingdom = animalia... Phylum = chordata... Subph…
space between the front incisors and rest of teeth
at front of teeth, there is a indenting notch. (only in bats)
Birds = ... Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Subphyl…
Domain = eukaoryota... Kingdom = animalia... Phylum = chordata ... Sub…
Mammals= ... Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Subphy…
Domain = eukaryota... Kingdom = animalia... Phylum = chordata... Subph…
160 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Vertebrates:... - Cranium ... - Duplication…
Classifications are based on nested ca…
Pleisiomorphic
Synapomorphies
among the most morphologically diverse group on earth... 57,000…
Kingdom - Animalia... Phylum - Chordata... Subphylum - Vertebrata…
ancestral trait... ex. eyes
shared derived traits
Vertebrates:... - Cranium ... - Duplication…
among the most morphologically diverse group on earth... 57,000…
Classifications are based on nested ca…
Kingdom - Animalia... Phylum - Chordata... Subphylum - Vertebrata…
37 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Phylum Chordata Class Agnatha
Phylum Chordata Class Chondrichthyes
Phylum Chordata Class Osteichthyes(Lob…
Phylum Chordata Class Osteichthyes (Ra…
Jawless fish
sharks, to finned fish with a jaw
Phylum Chordata Class Agnatha
Jawless fish
Phylum Chordata Class Chondrichthyes
sharks, to finned fish with a jaw
18 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Gulf Flounder
Ladyfish
Atlantic Stingray
Spiny Dogfish
Gulf Flounder
Ladyfish
92 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Synapomorphies of amphibeans
Buccal pump
Salamanders (Caudata)
Urodeles
breath through their skin... can also use their lungs
amphibeans like frogs and salamanders utilize buccal pump to…
150 species... generalized body form: four limbs and a tail... 9-…
extant salamanders
Synapomorphies of amphibeans
breath through their skin... can also use their lungs
Buccal pump
amphibeans like frogs and salamanders utilize buccal pump to…
127 terms
Vertebrate Zoology Exam 1
Cladistics
Fish
Taxonomy
Phylogeny
Diagraming evolutionary relationships.
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
A scientific discipline concerned with naming and classifying…
The study of evolutionary relationships among organisms.
Cladistics
Diagraming evolutionary relationships.
Fish
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
56 terms
Vertebrates and Amphibians
Animals with backbone belong to which…
Animals with backbone belong to which…
***Characteristics of Chordates
What is a notochord?
Chordata
Vertebrata
...
a stiff rod of specialized cells along the dorsal side of the…
Animals with backbone belong to which…
Chordata
Animals with backbone belong to which…
Vertebrata
15 terms
Zoology - Investigating Amphibians and Reptiles
zoology
zoologist
amphibian
reptile
the study of animals
a scientist who studies animals
a poikilothermic vertebrate that begins life in water; exampl…
a poikilothermic vertebrate with scaly, dry skin; examples ar…
zoology
the study of animals
zoologist
a scientist who studies animals
32 terms
Vertebrate zoology
Taxonomy
Phylogeny
Evolution
Lineage
Branch of science concerned with classification of organisms
The evolutionary history of an organism
History of descent with modification to produce observable pa…
Series of ancestor-descendant relationships among organisms b…
Taxonomy
Branch of science concerned with classification of organisms
Phylogeny
The evolutionary history of an organism
91 terms
Vertebrate Zoology Exam 2
Class Chondrichtyes
Two groups within Chondrichtyes
Elasmobrachii
Subclass Holocephali
Cartilaginous skeleton.
1. Elasmobranchii... 2. Holocephali
"Plate gills."... Sharks, skates, and rays.... 5-7 gill openings.
"Whole head."... Autostylic suspension.... Chimaera, ratfish.... Subcl…
Class Chondrichtyes
Cartilaginous skeleton.
Two groups within Chondrichtyes
1. Elasmobranchii... 2. Holocephali
25 terms
Vertebrates and Amphibians
What are the common characteristics of…
What does the vertebral column replace?
What do jaws do?
What is the heart made up of?
Notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal pouches, post…
The notochord and protect the spinal, or nerve cord.
They allow for eating larger prey and protection against pred…
Artria and ventricles.
What are the common characteristics of…
Notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal pouches, post…
What does the vertebral column replace?
The notochord and protect the spinal, or nerve cord.
37 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Agnatha
Chondrichthyes
Osteichthyes
Osteichthyes
Lamprey
sharks, rays,
Lobe-finned fish
Ray-finned fish
Agnatha
Lamprey
Chondrichthyes
sharks, rays,
45 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Evolution
When did someone come up with a viable…
Why is Evolution NOT a technique?
Charles Darwin & Alfred Wallace
Organisms change through time, and all life on earth shares a…
mid-1800's
This is due to the fact that evolution is an observation phen…
Both of these men independently came up with a mechanism for…
Evolution
Organisms change through time, and all life on earth shares a…
When did someone come up with a viable…
mid-1800's
37 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Phylum Chordata Class Agnatha
Phylum Chordata Class Chondrichthyes
Phylum Chordata Class Osteichthyes(Lob…
Phylum Chordata Class Osteichthyes (Ra…
without jaw
cartilage fish... jaw fin
bony fish - four round fins
bony fish - pectoral fins and anal fin
Phylum Chordata Class Agnatha
without jaw
Phylum Chordata Class Chondrichthyes
cartilage fish... jaw fin
19 terms
Vertebrate Zoology Turtles
Turtle Class
Turtle Subclass
Turtle Order (and relatives)
Alligator Snapping Turtle
Reptilia
Anapsidia
Chelonia
Turtle Class
Reptilia
Turtle Subclass
Anapsidia
167 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Hemichordates
Enteropneusta
Pterobranchia
4 Defining Characteristics of Chordates
=acorn worms and pterobranchs... Classes: Enteropneusta & Pterob…
=hemichordate class of acorn worms... -Deposit/suspension feeder…
=hemochordate class... Small, colonial, with lophophore feeding…
1. Notochord... 2. Dorsal Hollow Nerve Chord... 3. Post Anal Tail... 4…
Hemichordates
=acorn worms and pterobranchs... Classes: Enteropneusta & Pterob…
Enteropneusta
=hemichordate class of acorn worms... -Deposit/suspension feeder…
25 terms
Zoology Amphibian
Digestive System... - The pyloric sphinct…
Digestive System... - The large intestine…
Digestive System... - ____ produces bile…
Excretory System... - Kidneys are...... - Th…
- a muscle at the lower end of the stomach relaxes and allows…
- collects indigestible wastes and muscles push them into the…
- Liver, gall bladder, bile helps break down fats (emulsifies…
- the primary excretory organ... - on either side of the spine a…
Digestive System... - The pyloric sphinct…
- a muscle at the lower end of the stomach relaxes and allows…
Digestive System... - The large intestine…
- collects indigestible wastes and muscles push them into the…
19 terms
Zoology- WI Amphibians
American Toad
Blanchard's Cricket Frog
Boreal Chorus Frog
American Bullfrog
Gland behind eye
Arrow on head
Lines along body
Crease moves down behind large auricular operculum
American Toad
Gland behind eye
Blanchard's Cricket Frog
Arrow on head
27 terms
Vertebrate Zoology
Echinoderms
Hemichordates
Urochordates
Two other classes of Urochordata
Phylum: Echinodermata, Deuterostomes, 6000 species, including…
Phylum: Hemichordata. Little known marine animals. 85 species…
Phylum: Chordata. About 2000 species, mostly ascidians (Sea S…
Larvacea and Thaliacea. Both are small, transparent planktoni…
Echinoderms
Phylum: Echinodermata, Deuterostomes, 6000 species, including…
Hemichordates
Phylum: Hemichordata. Little known marine animals. 85 species…
8 terms
Zoology: vertebrate
Chondrichthyes
Agnatha
Actinoptergii
Sarcoptergii
"Cartilage fish"; sharks, skates, ray
"Jawless fish"; hagfish, lamprey
"Ray-finned fish"; bass, perch, minnow
"Flesh-finned fish"; lungfish
Chondrichthyes
"Cartilage fish"; sharks, skates, ray
Agnatha
"Jawless fish"; hagfish, lamprey
15 terms
Zoology - Tetrapods and Modern Amphibians
Tetrapods
Transitional Tetrapods
Lobe-Finned Fish comparison
Fertilization Methodology
• Animals with 4 limbs... - Class Amphibia... - Class Reptilia... - Cl…
• Ancestors to amphibians: skull, teeth, limbs similar to lob…
• Preview image!
- Salamanders & Newts - Internal Fertilization... - Frogs & Toad…
Tetrapods
• Animals with 4 limbs... - Class Amphibia... - Class Reptilia... - Cl…
Transitional Tetrapods
• Ancestors to amphibians: skull, teeth, limbs similar to lob…
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