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Study sets matching "anatomy 2 cells"

20 terms
Anatomy 3.2 - Cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
organelles
selectively permeable
encloses the cell; composed of a phospholipid bilayer and pro…
Consists of organelles, cytoskeleton, and cytosol (fluid); oc…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
cell membrane
encloses the cell; composed of a phospholipid bilayer and pro…
cytoplasm
Consists of organelles, cytoskeleton, and cytosol (fluid); oc…
lecture2: Anatomy of the Cell
Who was Robert Hooke?
Why are cells called cells?
What are the 5 statements discussed in…
What is the Plasma Membrane?
Robert Hooke was the British scientist that described the cel…
Hooke examined a thin slice of three cork with a microscope a…
1- All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2- all cells…
(aka cell membrane)... Outer boundary of the cell, which separat…
Who was Robert Hooke?
Robert Hooke was the British scientist that described the cel…
Why are cells called cells?
Hooke examined a thin slice of three cork with a microscope a…
9 terms
Anatomy 2: Blood Cells
erythrocyte
leukocyte
granulocyte
neutrophil
red blood cells, oxygen carrying, lack a nucleus, most numerous
white blood cells, larger, less numerous, have a nucleus
named because granules are visible in their cytoplasm
type of granulocyte, responds to a neutral pH stain, most com…
erythrocyte
red blood cells, oxygen carrying, lack a nucleus, most numerous
leukocyte
white blood cells, larger, less numerous, have a nucleus
12 terms
BIO U2 Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that makes ATP that the cell uses for energy.
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
35 terms
Anatomy chapter 2 the cell
Cell
There are 2 types of cell in the body
The cell consist of
Anatomy structure of cell
Structural building blocks of plants and animals... .cell are pr…
sex cells- sperm in males and oocytes in females.... Somatic Ce…
cytoplasm... Cytosol... Organelles ... Plasmalemma... Cell membrane
.Non membranous organelles... .Membranous organelle
Cell
Structural building blocks of plants and animals... .cell are pr…
There are 2 types of cell in the body
sex cells- sperm in males and oocytes in females.... Somatic Ce…
40 terms
Anatomy - Unit 2 - Generalized Cells to Cell Diversity
Cell
Interstitial Fluid
Protein
Nuclear Envelope
Basic unit of life
Fluid between cells
Molecule which DNA codes to build
A double membrane that surrounds the nucleus in the cell
Cell
Basic unit of life
Interstitial Fluid
Fluid between cells
16 terms
Anatomy chap 2 cells
Cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
The basic unit of structure and function for all living organ…
- Provides an outside boundary for the cell... - Protects cell... -…
- Located inside the cell membrane, around the nucleus... - Incl…
- Functions as transportation system for cell, from nucleus o…
Cells
The basic unit of structure and function for all living organ…
Cell Membrane
- Provides an outside boundary for the cell... - Protects cell... -…
20 terms
Unit 2: Cell Anatomy
Cilia
Cell Membrane
Mitochondrion
Organelle
Short, hair-like structures used for movement
Controls materials entering and leaving the cell... (Club Bouncer)
Makes ATP (energy) for the cell ... (Power Plant)
Specialized structures in the cell with specific jobs; cell p…
Cilia
Short, hair-like structures used for movement
Cell Membrane
Controls materials entering and leaving the cell... (Club Bouncer)
13 terms
Chapter 2 anatomy cells
centrosome
lysosome
mitochondria
golgi body
sepearates chromosomes in mitosis; 2 cylinder like shaped
sacs with digestive enzymes, breaks down food and worn out ce…
power house to the cell
packages and delievers proteins, produced by ribosomes
centrosome
sepearates chromosomes in mitosis; 2 cylinder like shaped
lysosome
sacs with digestive enzymes, breaks down food and worn out ce…
32 terms
Cells- Anatomy
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
18 terms
Cell Anatomy Part 2
Phagocytosis
Hypotonic
Glycocalyx
Marker Molecule
means "cell eating"; the ingestion of solid particles
solution with fewer solute particles and a lower osmotic pres…
the collection of glycolipids, glycoproteins and carbohydrate…
Cell surface molecules that allow cells to identify each othe…
Phagocytosis
means "cell eating"; the ingestion of solid particles
Hypotonic
solution with fewer solute particles and a lower osmotic pres…
76 terms
Anatomy Ch.2 (cell)
Non membraneous organelles
Membranous organelles
Centrioles
Ribosomes
Microtubules, microfilament, microvilli, centrioles, cilia, r…
Mitochondria, nucleus, ER, Golgi body, lysosomes, peroxisome
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division; o…
Protein synthesis
Non membraneous organelles
Microtubules, microfilament, microvilli, centrioles, cilia, r…
Membranous organelles
Mitochondria, nucleus, ER, Golgi body, lysosomes, peroxisome
60 terms
Anatomy 2: Cells
Cell Theory
Flagella
Cilia
Microvilli
-basic principle of biology that explains the make up of orga…
-long tail like part of the cell... -helps cell swim... analogy: ta…
-thick protuberances (stuff that stick out) from the body of…
-extensions from the cell membrane... -increase surface area of…
Cell Theory
-basic principle of biology that explains the make up of orga…
Flagella
-long tail like part of the cell... -helps cell swim... analogy: ta…
11 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2.2 cells extra??
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's gen…
extracellular matrix
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
plasma membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- The Cell
When were cells discovered?
Cells
Light Microscopes
Electron Microscopes (EM)
-mid 1600s, importance realized in 1830s
-smallest structural functional units of life... -arise from pre…
-light passes through the specimen... -0.2 um resolving power... -v…
-beams of electrons ... -0.2 nanometers resolving power ... -able t…
When were cells discovered?
-mid 1600s, importance realized in 1830s
Cells
-smallest structural functional units of life... -arise from pre…
47 terms
Cell Anatomy 2
Glycolipid
Peripheral protein
Carbohydrate chain
Internal protein
1
2
3
4
Glycolipid
1
Peripheral protein
2
39 terms
Anatomy Ch 2- The Cell
Cytology
Cells
Approximately how many cells/types of…
Intracellular fluid/How much is H2O?
The study of cells
Unit of structure and function
Over 1 trillion/over 200 types
Fluid inside the cell that contains dissolved solutes (electr…
Cytology
The study of cells
Cells
Unit of structure and function
Anatomy 2.2 Cells
extracellular fluid
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
fluid - mostly water - that surrounds the cell
solid or gel like substance that surrounds the cell
membrane that defines the outer shell of a cell
part of the cell that contains everything inside the cell mem…
extracellular fluid
fluid - mostly water - that surrounds the cell
extracellular matrix
solid or gel like substance that surrounds the cell
94 terms
Anatomy 2- Cells/Tissues
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell that contains a membrane bound or…
Membrane bound organelles are?
simple, small, and lack a nucleus (bacteria)
more complex, larger, and have a nucleus.
eukaryotic cells
mitochondria, er
Prokaryotic Cells
simple, small, and lack a nucleus (bacteria)
Eukaryotic Cells
more complex, larger, and have a nucleus.
49 terms
outcome 2 cell anatomy
Eukaryote cells only
Ex: Eukaryote
Both
Prokaryotes
enclose DNA... larger more complex... both unicellular and multicel…
Plants/animals
DNA, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Ribosomes
small simple, DNA in cytoplasm, unicellular, characteristics…
Eukaryote cells only
enclose DNA... larger more complex... both unicellular and multicel…
Ex: Eukaryote
Plants/animals
40 terms
Anatomy - Unit 2 - Generalized Cells to Cell Diversity
Cell
Interstitial Fluid
Protein
Nuclear Envelope
Basic unit of life
Fluid between cells
Molecule which DNA codes to build
A double membrane that surrounds the nucleus in the cell
Cell
Basic unit of life
Interstitial Fluid
Fluid between cells
34 terms
2: Anatomy: Cells and Tissues
The two general types of cells are sex…
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
somatic
cytoplasm
nucleus
cell membrane
The two general types of cells are sex…
somatic
The three basic parts of a cell are th…
cytoplasm
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
Plasma membrane
Production of ribosomes
nucleus. Protects the DNA
Nuclear envelope
Identify the region of the cell.
What is the function of the cell structure shown here?
Identify the region of the cell. State the function.
Identify the blue layer.
Plasma membrane
Identify the region of the cell.
Production of ribosomes
What is the function of the cell structure shown here?
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
30 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
-All cell contents between plasma membrane and nucleus... -Site…
-Protein filaments... -Extend throughout cytosol... -Changeable and…
Nucleus
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
65 terms
Anatomy; Cells Lecture 2
Phospholipid Bilayer
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails
a fluid portion of cell
fluid portion of the cell(cytosol) + suspension of organelles
Rough and smooth
Phospholipid Bilayer
Hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails
Cytosol
a fluid portion of cell
16 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbohydrates and…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
37 terms
Unit 2: Cell Anatomy
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Cell Membrane - both
Mitochondria - Eukaryotic
A type of cell with a membrane/enclosed nucleus and membrane/…
A type of cell lacking a membrane/enclosed nucleus and membra…
-barrier to the exterior of the cell... -controls what enters an…
-transfers energy from food compounds to ATP... -cellular respir…
Eukaryote
A type of cell with a membrane/enclosed nucleus and membrane/…
Prokaryote
A type of cell lacking a membrane/enclosed nucleus and membra…
22 terms
Anatomy Unit 2: Cells
Electrolytes
Nucleus
DNA
Proteins
A substance that breaks down into ions when in solution & is…
A cells "headquarters"
Genetic material
Main building material of cells
Electrolytes
A substance that breaks down into ions when in solution & is…
Nucleus
A cells "headquarters"
42 terms
Anatomy ch.2 (cells)
radiologist
x rays
ct scans
mri
doctors that specialize in the performance and analysis of ra…
beams travel through the body and bounces off plates that mak…
scan revolves around body to give sectional views that is 3d
surrounds the body with a magnetic field casting atoms to lin…
radiologist
doctors that specialize in the performance and analysis of ra…
x rays
beams travel through the body and bounces off plates that mak…
34 terms
Anatomy Lecture Chapter 2: The Cell
1, 100
cell plasma membrane
lipid
phospho
the size of cells vary from ___ micrometer to ___ micrometers…
barrier that separates inside of cell from external materials…
which side of the plasma membrane is hydrophobic (dislikes wa…
which side of the plasma membrane is hydrophilic (likes water)
1, 100
the size of cells vary from ___ micrometer to ___ micrometers…
cell plasma membrane
barrier that separates inside of cell from external materials…
21 terms
Anatomy 2: Cell Anatomy and Tissue
Epithelium
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Lining of Surfaces
Framework
Movement
Communication
Epithelium
Lining of Surfaces
Connective Tissue
Framework
61 terms
Anatomy 2.2: Cells
extracellular fluid
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
The cells of the human body are surrounded by _______________…
The ____________________ surrounds cells, may be solid or gel…
The _______________ defines the outer shell of a cell and con…
Inside the plasma membrane is the _________, which contains e…
extracellular fluid
The cells of the human body are surrounded by _______________…
extracellular matrix
The ____________________ surrounds cells, may be solid or gel…
15 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 2: Cells
Membrane Phospholipids: Fixed or not f…
Membrane: Cholesterol: Function
Membrane: Glycolipids: Characteristics…
Membrane: Peripheral Proteins: Charact…
Not fixed. As a result, they can float around, allowing later…
Stability and functioning of membrane
Characteristics: Hydrophilic... Function: Cell signaling as ID t…
C: Can be extra- or intercellular and are stationary... F: Conne…
Membrane Phospholipids: Fixed or not f…
Not fixed. As a result, they can float around, allowing later…
Membrane: Cholesterol: Function
Stability and functioning of membrane
Anatomy CH 2 Cells
Robert Hooke, Matthias Scheilden and T…
Cells
organelles
cells have 3 main components
important scientists that made discoveries about cells
-smallest living units in the body ... -obtain nutrients ... -make…
subunits of cells with specific functions
-plasma membrane=the outer boundary ... -cytoplasm=contains most…
Robert Hooke, Matthias Scheilden and T…
important scientists that made discoveries about cells
Cells
-smallest living units in the body ... -obtain nutrients ... -make…
43 terms
Anatomy Ch. 2 - Cells
Cells
Light Microscopy
Electron Microscopy
Plasmalemma (cell membrane)
a) are building blocks of all plants/animals... b) produced by t…
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
uses a focused beam of electrons to magnify cell ultra struct…
phospholipid bilayer;... major functions: physical isolation, se…
Cells
a) are building blocks of all plants/animals... b) produced by t…
Light Microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
24 terms
Anatomy 2.2 Cells
Extracellular fluid
Extracellular matrix
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Surrounds a typical cell (water)
Solid sunstance that surrounds cell
Defines the outer shell of a cell
Contains everything inside the cell membrane except nucleus
Extracellular fluid
Surrounds a typical cell (water)
Extracellular matrix
Solid sunstance that surrounds cell
16 terms
Anatomy 1.2 - Cells
unicellular
multicellular
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
one celled organisms
multicellular organisms
one celled organism with no nucleus
unicellular or multicellular organisms
unicellular
one celled organisms
multicellular
multicellular organisms
33 terms
spald anatomy ch. 2 - Cells
simple diffusion
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
allows small unccharged molecules, fat soluble molecules to p…
tendency of molecules in a solution to move down their concen…
diffusion of water molecules across a membrane
water soluble, charged molecules like glucose, amino acids an…
simple diffusion
allows small unccharged molecules, fat soluble molecules to p…
diffusion
tendency of molecules in a solution to move down their concen…
49 terms
Anatomy physiology 2 (cells)
Cytoplasm
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Jellylike material of cell
Complete set of chromosomes to each end of cell
Makes new materials and grows (doubles everything)
1st phase: chromosome become visible
Cytoplasm
Jellylike material of cell
Mitosis
Complete set of chromosomes to each end of cell
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- The Cell
What is a cell?
What 4 things do all human cells conta…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
Describe the two functions of the Cell…
The smallest living units of an organism.
1. Plasma membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Nucleus... 4. Organelles
1.Hydrophilic tails towards the middle.... 2. Polar heads toward…
1. Protects ... 2. Serves as a gate-keeper... (membrane semi-permea…
What is a cell?
The smallest living units of an organism.
What 4 things do all human cells conta…
1. Plasma membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Nucleus... 4. Organelles
Anatomy Unit #2: Cells
The Cell Theory
Cell Structures the Majority of Cells…
Nucleus
Chromatin/Chromosome
1. All living things or organisms are made of cells... 2. New ce…
cytoplasm, plasma membrane and nucleus
Store house of genetic information and directs cellular activ…
Contains genetic material, could during mitosis
The Cell Theory
1. All living things or organisms are made of cells... 2. New ce…
Cell Structures the Majority of Cells…
cytoplasm, plasma membrane and nucleus
32 terms
anatomy ch. 2 cells
3 parts of the cell
structure of plasma membrane
structure of membrane
receptors
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
flexible yet sturdy barrier, fluid mosaic model, lipids act a…
consists of phospholipid bilayer, integral proteins, lipids a…
for cellular recognition; a ligand is a molecule that binds w…
3 parts of the cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
structure of plasma membrane
flexible yet sturdy barrier, fluid mosaic model, lipids act a…
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2: The Cell
Light microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Plasma membrane
Microscopy that uses visible light to pass through the cell (…
Microscopy that uses a beam of electrons passes through the c…
Microscopy that uses an electron beam to create a 3D image (3…
Selectively permeable barrier of the cell that is composed of…
Light microscope
Microscopy that uses visible light to pass through the cell (…
Transmission Electron Microscope
Microscopy that uses a beam of electrons passes through the c…
41 terms
Anatomy Week 2- Cells
Compartmentation: Cells & Tissues
sex (germ cells)
somatic cells
Cells are surrounded by ___ often call…
1. cells are the building blocks of all plants/animals... 2. all…
sperm, oocyte
all other cells of the human body
extracellular fluid, interstitial fluid, fills
Compartmentation: Cells & Tissues
1. cells are the building blocks of all plants/animals... 2. all…
sex (germ cells)
sperm, oocyte
17 terms
Week 2: The Cell: Anatomy
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Serves as an external cell barrier, and acts in transport of…
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes.
Site of ATP synthesis; powerhouse of the cell
The sites of protein synthesis
Plasma Membrane
Serves as an external cell barrier, and acts in transport of…
Cytoplasm
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes.
19 terms
Anatomy ch. 2- Cells
intercellular attachment
lysosome/peroxisome
cilia/microvilli
chromatin
communicating junctions... adhering junctions... -tight... -anchoring
lysosome- digestive enzymes... peroxisome- degradative
cilia- movement over surface... microvilli- absorption
DNA not connected to nucleus
intercellular attachment
communicating junctions... adhering junctions... -tight... -anchoring
lysosome/peroxisome
lysosome- digestive enzymes... peroxisome- degradative
21 terms
anatomy 2- cells
cells
what do cells make up?
nucleus
cytoplasm
basic unit of life
entire human body (70 trillion)
contains dna of cell and directs the cells function
fluid inside of cell that contains all of the organelles
cells
basic unit of life
what do cells make up?
entire human body (70 trillion)
29 terms
Human Anatomy Ch. 2-The Cell
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the 4 stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, chromosomes become visible when s…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
28 terms
Anatomy Cells & Cell Division (Ch. 2)
cholesterol
glycocalyx
microvilli
cilia
strengthens the plasma membrane
cell-to-cell recognition... helps find foreign substances
folds increase SA... helpful with secretion or absorption
move substances over cell surface
cholesterol
strengthens the plasma membrane
glycocalyx
cell-to-cell recognition... helps find foreign substances
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