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Study sets matching "anatomy 208"

16 terms
Anatomy 208
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Proximal
Reference position for anatomical description. An individual…
Toward the head or upper part of structure; this term is not…
Away from the head or toward the lower part of structure; thi…
Closer to the point of attachment (of limb to trunk of body)…
Anatomical Position
Reference position for anatomical description. An individual…
Superior
Toward the head or upper part of structure; this term is not…
211 terms
Anatomy 208 Test #2
Ligands
Functions of nervous tissue
Sensory function
Integration
chemical signals, molecule that bind to another... -receptors ar…
1. Sensory function... 2. Integration... 3. Motor function
the nervous system detects stimuli from the external and inte…
the nervous system brings together the nerve impulses generat…
Ligands
chemical signals, molecule that bind to another... -receptors ar…
Functions of nervous tissue
1. Sensory function... 2. Integration... 3. Motor function
18 terms
BIO 208 Muscle Anatomy
Agonist
Antagonist
Primary Mover
Synergist
Muscle that is involved in producing a certain movement
Muscle that opposes a movement
Muscle that plays major role in accomplishing desired movement
Muscle that works together with another muscle to produce mov…
Agonist
Muscle that is involved in producing a certain movement
Antagonist
Muscle that opposes a movement
135 terms
Anatomy 208 Final
Hormones
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Types of cell signaling
regulate many functions of an organism, including mood, growt…
releases neurotransmitters (bind to receptors on "target" cel…
releases hormones
Direct: via gap junctions... Indirect: signaling cell releases a…
Hormones
regulate many functions of an organism, including mood, growt…
Nervous system
releases neurotransmitters (bind to receptors on "target" cel…
256 terms
Anatomy 208 Test #1
Anatomy
Tissue level
Organism level
Molecular level
the study of the human body
two or more cell types cooperate to perform a common function…
organ systems function together to make up working human body…
made up of atoms, the smallest chemical units... -molecules are…
Anatomy
the study of the human body
Tissue level
two or more cell types cooperate to perform a common function…
35 terms
Anatomy 208 Endocrine System
Endocrine vs. Nervous System
Adrenal Medulla
Process of endocrine system
What is a hormone?
Both: regulatory, chemical signals, negative feedback... Nervous…
center of the adrenal gland... controlled by SNS... "fight or fligh…
send chemical messangers into blood... hormones bind to specific…
only affects cell with specific receptor... travels in blood to…
Endocrine vs. Nervous System
Both: regulatory, chemical signals, negative feedback... Nervous…
Adrenal Medulla
center of the adrenal gland... controlled by SNS... "fight or fligh…
313 terms
Anatomy 208 Test #3
Functions of blood
Blood
Serum
Cellular components
1) Transport of dissolved substances... 2) Regulation of pH and…
is a liquid connective tissue consisting of cells surrounded…
plasma without the clotting factors
formed elements of blood include red blood cells, white blood…
Functions of blood
1) Transport of dissolved substances... 2) Regulation of pH and…
Blood
is a liquid connective tissue consisting of cells surrounded…
39 terms
MA208 Spine anatomy
Which of the following are functions o…
The vertebral column articulates with…
How many vertebrae are there in the sa…
When viewed from the side, the vertebr…
protects the spinal cord and supports the trunk
sacroiliac joint
5
4
Which of the following are functions o…
protects the spinal cord and supports the trunk
The vertebral column articulates with…
sacroiliac joint
9 terms
208 Physiology of the Heart : Anatomy
C. Electrocardiogram
F. P Wave
H. T Wave
G. QRS Wave
the recording of the electrical activity of the heart
the period when the atria are depolarizing
the period when the ventricles are repolarizing
the period during which the ventricles are depolarizing, whic…
C. Electrocardiogram
the recording of the electrical activity of the heart
F. P Wave
the period when the atria are depolarizing
21 terms
anatomy terms pg. 208
condyle
crest
epicondyle
facet
a rounded process that usually articulates with another bone
a narrow, ridge like projection
a projection situated above a condyle
a small, nearly flat surface
condyle
a rounded process that usually articulates with another bone
crest
a narrow, ridge like projection
32 terms
Anatomy 208 Urinary System
urinary system function
kidney anatomy
urinary tract
kidney protection
excrete metabolic wase (urea, creatine, ammonium, uric acid)…
retroperitoneal... T12 location... right kidney slightly lower... ante…
ureters, bladder, urethra... transports urine out of body
multiple layers of connective tissue... 1. renal capsule- mostly…
urinary system function
excrete metabolic wase (urea, creatine, ammonium, uric acid)…
kidney anatomy
retroperitoneal... T12 location... right kidney slightly lower... ante…
100 terms
Anatomy T-208
The job of entry-level salon stylist i…
Standards for the cosmetology industry…
There is evidence that nail care was p…
Expressing our emotions in an appropri…
New cosmetology graduate
Government regulatory agencies
3000 B.C.
Emotional stability
The job of entry-level salon stylist i…
New cosmetology graduate
Standards for the cosmetology industry…
Government regulatory agencies
37 terms
Anatomy 208 Digestive System
organs of food processing
food processing
layers of digestive tract wall
mucosa and submucosa layer
alimentary canal= entire pathway, long tube... mouth, esophagus,…
ingestion- food enters pathway... digestion- chemical, mechanica…
1. mucosa... 2. submucosa... 3. muscularis externa... 4. serosa
mucosa... epithelium- variable types... lamina propria- areolar con…
organs of food processing
alimentary canal= entire pathway, long tube... mouth, esophagus,…
food processing
ingestion- food enters pathway... digestion- chemical, mechanica…
28 terms
ENTO 208 External Anatomy
Head
Antennae
Compound eyes
Simple eyes
Segments feud to form a capsule; rigid protection of brain an…
Mostly olfactory; sometimes tactile
Each unit is called an ommatidium; each unit forms an image;…
Either 1, 2, or 3; only function in light perception
Head
Segments feud to form a capsule; rigid protection of brain an…
Antennae
Mostly olfactory; sometimes tactile
29 terms
ENTO 208 Internal Anatomy
Respiratory system
Spiracles
Tracheae
Tracheoles
Carries oxygen to cells and carbon dioxide from tissues
Small openings on the exoskeleton that allow air to enter
Network of internal tubes to distribute oxygen; equalizes pre…
Terminal end that are principal sites of gas exchange
Respiratory system
Carries oxygen to cells and carbon dioxide from tissues
Spiracles
Small openings on the exoskeleton that allow air to enter
22 terms
Bio 208 Ear anatomy
Pinna
External auditory canal
Tympanic Membrane
Malleus
External part of the ear.
Pathway that leads from the outside of the head to the tympan…
A membrane, which vibrates in response to sound waves.
A small bone in the middle ear, transmitting vibrations to th…
Pinna
External part of the ear.
External auditory canal
Pathway that leads from the outside of the head to the tympan…
48 terms
Anatomy 208 Exam 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Hippocrates
Cephalic
Scientific study of the Structure of an object
Study of the Function of an object
Founder of Anatomy, father of Medicine
Head
Anatomy
Scientific study of the Structure of an object
Physiology
Study of the Function of an object
18 terms
Bio 208 Muscle anatomy
Agonist
Antagonist
Primary Mover
Synergist
The muscle that is involved in producing a certain movement.…
Muscle that works in opposition to another muscle.
Muscle that plays a major role in accomplishing a movement.
Muscle that works with other muscles to cause a movement.
Agonist
The muscle that is involved in producing a certain movement.…
Antagonist
Muscle that works in opposition to another muscle.
276 terms
BIO 208: Anatomy Exam 2
skeletal
long
short
flat
protection, support, leverage, storage, and blood cell produc…
bones that are longer than they are wide
bones that are equal in length and width
thin and broad bones
skeletal
protection, support, leverage, storage, and blood cell produc…
long
bones that are longer than they are wide
8 terms
Anatomie genou p.208
Ligamentum cruciatum anterius
Ligamentum cruciatum posterior
ménisque médial
crus anterius
1
2
3
5
Ligamentum cruciatum anterius
1
Ligamentum cruciatum posterior
2
45 terms
Bio 208 Anatomy Final
Homeostasis
What is an example of a negative feedb…
An atoms nucleus contains
Covalent bonds occur when
Ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions eve…
The thyroid gland releases thyroid hormone under the influenc…
protons and neutrons
electrons are SHARED between atoms
Homeostasis
Ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions eve…
What is an example of a negative feedb…
The thyroid gland releases thyroid hormone under the influenc…
21 terms
Anatomy(208) Anatomical Terminology
Anatomical Position
Medial
Lateral
Proximal
A set position where the body is oriented in a particular way…
Toward the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body
Closest to point of attachment of the trunk(opposite of distal)
Anatomical Position
A set position where the body is oriented in a particular way…
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
26 terms
BIO 208 Histology Anatomy Lab
What are the four main types of tissue?
Name some characteristics of epithelia…
Simple Squamous ET
Simple Cuboidal ET
Epithelial ... Connective ... Muscular ... Neural
Tightly packed ... apical surface (open surface) ... basement membr…
Lining of blood vessels and heart... Diffusion
Kidney tubules ... Secretion
What are the four main types of tissue?
Epithelial ... Connective ... Muscular ... Neural
Name some characteristics of epithelia…
Tightly packed ... apical surface (open surface) ... basement membr…
BIO 208 - Anatomy BOOT CAMP
Anatomical Position (14)
Superior (Cranial/Cephalic) (17)
Inferior (Caudal) (17)
Proximal (17)
Here, a person stands with the legs together and the feet fla…
toward the head or upper part of structure; this term is not…
away from the head or toward the lower part of structure; thi…
closer to the point of attachment (of limb to trunk of body);…
Anatomical Position (14)
Here, a person stands with the legs together and the feet fla…
Superior (Cranial/Cephalic) (17)
toward the head or upper part of structure; this term is not…
144 terms
BIO 208 Lab 1: Anatomy
anatomical position
medial
lateral
proximal
upright, feet parallel flat on floor, palms forward/thumbs out
toward the midline of the body
away from the midline of body
closest to the point of attachment to the trunk... NOTE: term IS…
anatomical position
upright, feet parallel flat on floor, palms forward/thumbs out
medial
toward the midline of the body
60 terms
Bio 208 lab Muscle Anatomy
agonist
antagonist
primary mover
synergist
the muscle that is involved in producing a certain movement
the muscle acting in opposition to a agonist
one muscle that plays the major role in accomplishing the des…
members of a group of muscle working together to produce a mo…
agonist
the muscle that is involved in producing a certain movement
antagonist
the muscle acting in opposition to a agonist
49 terms
BIO 208 Muscle Anatomy Lab
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Tibalis anterior
Vastus lateralis
Origin: Femur ... Insertion: Calcaneus ... Action: plantar flexes a…
Origin: femur ... Insertion:calcaneus ... Action: plantar flexes an…
Origin: Tibia ... Insertion: First metatarsal (big toe) ... Action:…
Origin: Femur... Insertion: Tibia... Action: Extends knee
Gastrocnemius
Origin: Femur ... Insertion: Calcaneus ... Action: plantar flexes a…
Soleus
Origin: femur ... Insertion:calcaneus ... Action: plantar flexes an…
56 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology BIO 208
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
lining where body contacts the environment
binds, supports, transports body parts
signaling functions; brain & spinal cord
used for locomotion, heat generation, organ motion
epithelial tissue
lining where body contacts the environment
connective tissue
binds, supports, transports body parts
18 terms
BIO 208 Skeleton Anatomy Lab
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Capitulum
What is the transverse foramen?
Arms, legs, pelvis and shoulder
Skull, spine, ribs, and sternum
Head of the bone
The three holes in the cervical vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton
Arms, legs, pelvis and shoulder
Axial Skeleton
Skull, spine, ribs, and sternum
77 terms
Human Anatomy Final Exam Bio208
What is Positive feedback?
What is an example of positive feedback?
Apocrine sweat glands
How does positive feedback work during…
-enhances original stimulus... -not as common
child birth
not found every wear. Found in groin and armpits
-a hormone called oxytocin is released... -This intensifies and…
What is Positive feedback?
-enhances original stimulus... -not as common
What is an example of positive feedback?
child birth
30 terms
MA208; Skull positioning and anatomy
nasion
acanthion
glabella
outer canthus
midpoint, anterior depression on bridge of nose
midpoint of the anterior nasal spine, junction of the nose an…
smooth elevation between the superciliary arches
lateral aspect of each orbit; where the two eyelids originate
nasion
midpoint, anterior depression on bridge of nose
acanthion
midpoint of the anterior nasal spine, junction of the nose an…
39 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy 208-Scola
Diffusion
Fascillitated diffusion
Active Transport
Osmosis
The movement of molecules across a membrane due to random mot…
Enhanced form of diffusion that helps the transport of the mo…
The movement of molecules across a membrane against the gradi…
Diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane from a reg…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules across a membrane due to random mot…
Fascillitated diffusion
Enhanced form of diffusion that helps the transport of the mo…
19 terms
Anatomy 208 Female Reproductive System
ovary
ovarian follicle
follicle development (types of follicl…
ovulation
produces oocytes... produces estrogen and progestin
follicle= oocyte surrounded by granulosa cells (support)... as f…
primordial follicle- very small, one layer, squamous... primary…
follicle bursts wall of ovary... surface tissue tears releasing…
ovary
produces oocytes... produces estrogen and progestin
ovarian follicle
follicle= oocyte surrounded by granulosa cells (support)... as f…
23 terms
Anatomy 208 Male Reproductive System
Male reproductive organ functions
reproductive structures
homologous organ systems
scrotum
produce sex hormones... produce/ transport gametes... deliver sperm
gametes= sex cells... gonads= sex organs
gametes= male- sperm, female- ovum... testis- ovary: produce gam…
hair-bearing skin sac... outside body-- ideal temp for sperm, ~5…
Male reproductive organ functions
produce sex hormones... produce/ transport gametes... deliver sperm
reproductive structures
gametes= sex cells... gonads= sex organs
115 terms
BIO 208 Lab 2: Anatomy
origin
insertion
tendon
flexion
less movable of two points of attachment of a muscle
the usually distal and more movable attachment of a muscle
cord of dense regular connective tissue, connects muscle to b…
mov't that decreases the angle between articulating bones
origin
less movable of two points of attachment of a muscle
insertion
the usually distal and more movable attachment of a muscle
18 terms
BIO 208 Skeleton Anatomy Lab
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Capitulum
What is the transverse foramen?
Arms, legs, pelvis and shoulder
Skull, spine, ribs, and sternum
Head of the bone
The three holes in the cervical vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton
Arms, legs, pelvis and shoulder
Axial Skeleton
Skull, spine, ribs, and sternum
95 terms
BIO 208 Lab 3: Anatomy
abdominal
alb- / alba
gluteal
inguinal
region inferior to thorax (chest), superior to hip bones
white(?)
buttock
groin (sometimes the crease in the junction of thigh w/ trunk)
abdominal
region inferior to thorax (chest), superior to hip bones
alb- / alba
white(?)
159 terms
BMS 208(anatomy) first exam- prof lanier
cephalic
frontal
orbital
buccal
head
forehead
around eye
cheek
cephalic
head
frontal
forehead
35 terms
PARA208 - Brain Anatomy 101
How much does a brain weigh?
How much larger is a males brain to a…
Is there a correlation between brain s…
Which three components make up the die…
1500 grams / 1200 mls
10%
No
1. Epithalamus... 2. Thalamus... 3. Hypothalamus
How much does a brain weigh?
1500 grams / 1200 mls
How much larger is a males brain to a…
10%
17 terms
ento 208 lecture 6 internal anatomy
internal systems
respiratory system goal
spiracles
tracheae
1. Respiratory ... 2. Circulatory ... 3. Digestive ... 4. Nervous ... 5.…
carry oxygen to cells and CO2 from tissues
small openings on exoskeleton that allow air to enter
tubes connecting spiracles in a network to all parts of the b…
internal systems
1. Respiratory ... 2. Circulatory ... 3. Digestive ... 4. Nervous ... 5.…
respiratory system goal
carry oxygen to cells and CO2 from tissues
352 terms
SUMMER ANATOMY 208 LECTURE exam:1
anatomy
physiology
MACROscopic anatomy
MICROscopic anatomy
STRUCTURE of body parts
FUNCTION of body parts
LARGE visible structures
structures too SMALL to be seen by naked eye
anatomy
STRUCTURE of body parts
physiology
FUNCTION of body parts
65 terms
BIo 208 Anatomy Lab Exam 2
Pinna
external auditory canal
tympanic membrane
malleus
external part of the ear
opened of the eardrum
vibrates in response to sound waves (between outer and middle…
small bone in ear that transmits vibrations
Pinna
external part of the ear
external auditory canal
opened of the eardrum
35 terms
207-208- Renal Anatomy, GFR
Both cortical and juxtamedullary nephr…
Which ones are shorter? cortical or ju…
Which type of nephrons concentrate the…
There are MORE cortical nephrons and t…
cortex, but juxtamedullary glomeruli are closer to the medulla.
Cortical
Juxtamedullary nephron
95%
Both cortical and juxtamedullary nephr…
cortex, but juxtamedullary glomeruli are closer to the medulla.
Which ones are shorter? cortical or ju…
Cortical
22 terms
208. Anatomy and Pathophysiological Conditions of the Spinal Nerves
Spinal Nerves
Roots
Dorsal Root
Dermatomes
-Mixed nerves that transmit sensory and motor impulses to and…
-Each pair of spinal nerves has two roots emerging from the s…
Contains sensory fibers
-Corresponds to the various spinal nerve levels of sensory in…
Spinal Nerves
-Mixed nerves that transmit sensory and motor impulses to and…
Roots
-Each pair of spinal nerves has two roots emerging from the s…
103 terms
Anatomy 208 Exam 3 Prefix + Suffix Terms
tact-
telo-
templ-, tempo-
tens-
touch, tactile
the end
time
stretched
tact-
touch, tactile
telo-
the end
47 terms
ento 208 lecture 3 grasshopper external anatomy
head
antennae
compound eye
ocelli
fused to form capsule... rigid to protect brain and strength for…
smell detection for host and oviposition
each unit is called ommatidium
simple eyes... either has 0,1,2,3... light detection
head
fused to form capsule... rigid to protect brain and strength for…
antennae
smell detection for host and oviposition
137 terms
Anatomy 208 Exam 4 Circulatory/Cardiovascular System
Blood Composition
Plasma Proteins
Albumin
Globulin
nonliving extracellular plasma and cellular components which…
Albumin, globulin, fibrinogen, and serum
smallest of all proteins, produced in the liver, ... and regulat…
Gamma globulin: antibodies that are used to attack the bad ba…
Blood Composition
nonliving extracellular plasma and cellular components which…
Plasma Proteins
Albumin, globulin, fibrinogen, and serum
25 terms
BIO 208 Practical - CV Anatomy & Hemodynamics
endothelium
arteries
arterioles
capillaries
- innermost lining of the heart that's in contact with blood…
- carry blood away from the heart... - must withstand great amou…
- before entering tissues the arteries become very small and…
- connect arterioles to venules... - consists of an endothelium…
endothelium
- innermost lining of the heart that's in contact with blood…
arteries
- carry blood away from the heart... - must withstand great amou…
26 terms
BMS208 Exam 2 anatomy of skeletal muscles
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
tendon
thin connective tissue surrounding entire muscle
surrounds fascicle (bundle of muscle cells)
thin connective tissue that surrounds each individual muscle…
connects muscle to bone
epimysium
thin connective tissue surrounding entire muscle
perimysium
surrounds fascicle (bundle of muscle cells)
10 terms
PHIS 208: Anatomy of the CNS: Spinal Cord
Ganglia
Plexuses
Organization of CNS
organization of PNS
groups of neuronal cell bodies lying outside the CNS
branching network of axons outside the CNS
Brain,spinal cord
Nerve tissue outside the CNS: cranial nerves and branches, sp…
Ganglia
groups of neuronal cell bodies lying outside the CNS
Plexuses
branching network of axons outside the CNS
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