Study sets matching "anatomy 4"

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Study sets matching "anatomy 4"

29 terms
Ch 5 vocab
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
Skeletal System
Functions of Bones
spine, bony thorax, skull
limbs, girdles
Joints, cartilages and ligaments
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
axial skeleton
spine, bony thorax, skull
appendicular skeleton
limbs, girdles
12 terms
Anatomy 4
plasma membrane
golgi apparatus
gap junctions
desmosomes
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
What is the name of hydrophilic pores that allow the direct p…
Anchoring junctions that prevents cells subjected to mechanic…
plasma membrane
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
golgi apparatus
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
561 terms
Anatomy 4
anterior superior iliac spine
T11
pubic crest
pubic tubercle
vertebral level of esophagogastric junction
anterior superior iliac spine
T11
vertebral level of esophagogastric junction
113 terms
Anatomy 4
9 Regions of the Abdomen
Palpable Surface Anatomy
Anterior Abdominal Cavity Borders
Functions of the Abdominal Wall
R. Hypochondriac... R Lumbar ... R Iliac... Epigastric... Umbilical... Hypog…
-Umbilicus: vertebral level L3-L4, innervation from T10... -Line…
From: Costal arch coming from ribs 6-10 and xyphoid process... T…
1. Protection and stabilization of abdominal contents... 2. Trun…
9 Regions of the Abdomen
R. Hypochondriac... R Lumbar ... R Iliac... Epigastric... Umbilical... Hypog…
Palpable Surface Anatomy
-Umbilicus: vertebral level L3-L4, innervation from T10... -Line…
121 terms
Anatomy 4
Where is the deep inguinal ring in rel…
what are the boundaries of the Inguina…
what does the Scrotal Ligament/round l…
what is the processus vaginalis
lateral... extraperitoneal structures
anterior: Ext. Oblique - reinforced laterally by int. oblique…
gubernaculum
pouch of peritoneum that extends into developing labium majus…
Where is the deep inguinal ring in rel…
lateral... extraperitoneal structures
what are the boundaries of the Inguina…
anterior: Ext. Oblique - reinforced laterally by int. oblique…
93 terms
Anatomy 4
Neurocranium
viscerocranium
Frontal Sinus
Ethmoid Sinus
Orange part
Neurocranium
viscerocranium
Orange part
12 terms
Anatomy 4
ANS
Visceral Motor Division
Two divisions of ANS
Sympathetic
Autonomic Nervous System
ANS, innervates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands of…
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic... Both innervate visceral tissu…
Fight/Flight/Fear/Fun
ANS
Autonomic Nervous System
Visceral Motor Division
ANS, innervates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands of…
Anatomy 4&5
epitelial, connective, muscle, and neu…
Connective tissue
elastic fibers, reticular fibers, coll…
Four major types of tissues
Which major type of tissue gives more support and protection…
3 kinds of fibers found in connective tissue
epitelial, connective, muscle, and neu…
Four major types of tissues
Connective tissue
Which major type of tissue gives more support and protection…
95 terms
Anatomy Lecture Exam #4
voltage-gated ion channel
ligand-gated (chemically-gated) ion ch…
mechanically-gated ion channel
formation of an electrical current in…
ion channels that open and close in response to a change in m…
ion channels that open and close in response to the binding o…
ion channels that open and close in response to a stretch of…
the opening of a sodium ion channel in the membrane causes po…
voltage-gated ion channel
ion channels that open and close in response to a change in m…
ligand-gated (chemically-gated) ion ch…
ion channels that open and close in response to the binding o…
Anatomy 4
It branches to skeletal muscle and con…
They monitor and regulate organ system…
3
skeletal muscle, and all organs
where are the autonomic neurons in the body?
What are the functions of the Autonomic neurons
how many neurons in the Autonomic pathways
somatic nervous system effects what organ
It branches to skeletal muscle and con…
where are the autonomic neurons in the body?
They monitor and regulate organ system…
What are the functions of the Autonomic neurons
13 terms
Anatomy 4
Decrease in blood pressure
Decrease in blood pressure
Decrease in blood pressure
Decrease in blood pressure
Increase diameter of the arterioles
Increase urine output
Sudden, change in position from reclining to standing
Physical training
Decrease in blood pressure
Increase diameter of the arterioles
Decrease in blood pressure
Increase urine output
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2-4
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Deoxyribose Sugar and Phosphate
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
The "backbone" of the DNA molecule is made up of two... componen…
There are four different variations of these monomers (four d…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
87 terms
Anatomy Unit 4: Histology
Neurons
Neuroglial Cells
Dendrites
Axon
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell
a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a sup…
a short branched extension of a nerve cell that receives elec…
the long threadlike part of a nerve cell that moves signal do…
Neurons
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell
Neuroglial Cells
a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a sup…
27 terms
Anatomy - Ch. 4 - Tissues
adipose tissue
serous fluid
hyaline
cardiac muscle
A type of connective tissue whose cells contain fat.
a thin watery fluid found in many body cavities
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
Muscle of the heart, involuntary, striated
adipose tissue
A type of connective tissue whose cells contain fat.
serous fluid
a thin watery fluid found in many body cavities
Anatomy 4
endomysium
fascicle
the tissue that binds muscle into func…
perimysium
B... [Note: the picture is the exact one that used on the previo…
D
A
E
endomysium
B... [Note: the picture is the exact one that used on the previo…
fascicle
D
11 terms
Anatomy 4
Syn
Glyc
Poly
Hyper
Together
Sweet, sugar
Many
Above
Syn
Together
Glyc
Sweet, sugar
Anatomy 4
Treponema pallidum
15%
27.5%
360
Syphilis is caused by (fancy name)
Primary & secondary syphilis: ? Increase since 2013
Congenital syphilis (present at birth): ? Increase since 2013
In 2013, ? Cases of syphilis were reported in MA
Treponema pallidum
Syphilis is caused by (fancy name)
15%
Primary & secondary syphilis: ? Increase since 2013
38 terms
anatomy 4
classes of hormones
positive vs negative feedback loop
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
peptide- most typle, from chanins amino acids, long=protein h…
p- speeding up process, baby sucking on boob... n- causes proces…
largest gland completely devoted to endocrine, 2 highly vascu…
small gland on posterior side of thyroid, 2 cell types... chief…
classes of hormones
peptide- most typle, from chanins amino acids, long=protein h…
positive vs negative feedback loop
p- speeding up process, baby sucking on boob... n- causes proces…
166 terms
Anatomy Lab Exam #4
xiphoid process
costal margin
iliac crest
anterior superior iliac spine
inguinal ligament attaches here
xiphoid process
costal margin
60 terms
Anatomy 4
lungs
lobules
stoma
blood supply
Sectioned by connective tissue into bronchopulmonary segments…
hexagonal shape; connective tissue surrounds lung tissue; eac…
rest of lung tissue; mainly elastic connective tissue; soft,…
2 circulations: pulmonary and bronchial
lungs
Sectioned by connective tissue into bronchopulmonary segments…
lobules
hexagonal shape; connective tissue surrounds lung tissue; eac…
20 terms
Anatomy Word list #4
hyster-
-osis, -iasis
-itis
kilo-
uterus
condition of
inflammation
1000
hyster-
uterus
-osis, -iasis
condition of
Anatomy 4
blood supply to the mammary gland
PECTORALIS MAJOR Origin
PECTORALIS MAJOR INSERTIONS
PECTORALALIS MAJOR ACTIONS
lateral thoracic artery... internal thoracic artery... thoracoacrom…
clavicular head: medial ½ of clavicle... sternocostal head: ant…
into a bilaminar tendon that inserts on the lateral lip of th…
2 heads adduct and medially rotate the humerus... clavicular he…
blood supply to the mammary gland
lateral thoracic artery... internal thoracic artery... thoracoacrom…
PECTORALIS MAJOR Origin
clavicular head: medial ½ of clavicle... sternocostal head: ant…
anatomy 4
solution
solvent
solutes
intracellular fluid
homogenous mixture of 2 or more components
dissolving medium
component in smaller quantities within a solution
nucleoplasm & cytosol
solution
homogenous mixture of 2 or more components
solvent
dissolving medium
125 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 & 5
lamellated corpuscle
Cartilage
Smooth muscle tissue
chondroitin sulfate
A receptor sensitive to vibration.
A connective tissue with a gelatinous matrix that contains an…
Muscle tissue in the walls of many visceral organs; character…
The predominant proteoglycan in cartilage, responsible for th…
lamellated corpuscle
A receptor sensitive to vibration.
Cartilage
A connective tissue with a gelatinous matrix that contains an…
86 terms
Anatomy 4
Diagnosed
Signs
Symptoms
Syndrome
Identify disease using signs and symptoms
Objective- seen or measured by anyone
Subjective-felt only by patient
Collections of signs/symptoms ... Usually with one cause
Diagnosed
Identify disease using signs and symptoms
Signs
Objective- seen or measured by anyone
Anatomy #4
Aster-, astr
-ate
-ation
atom-
Stars
Used informing verbs from nouns
Used in forming nouns from verbs
Vapor
Aster-, astr
Stars
-ate
Used informing verbs from nouns
30 terms
Anatomy #4
CNS-Central nervous system (CNS)
4 things in PNS-Peripheral nervous sys…
3 divisions of the PNS and be able to…
3 functions of nervous system
consists of brain and spinal cord, brain contains about 100 b…
1) nerves (called tracts in CNS)... bundle of hundreds of thousa…
1) somatic nervous system (SNS)... neurons convey information fr…
1)Sensory function: receptors detect stimuli (internal or ext…
CNS-Central nervous system (CNS)
consists of brain and spinal cord, brain contains about 100 b…
4 things in PNS-Peripheral nervous sys…
1) nerves (called tracts in CNS)... bundle of hundreds of thousa…
15 terms
Anatomy 4
Infra
Inter
Intra
Iso
Below
Between
Within
Equal
Infra
Below
Inter
Between
347 terms
Anatomy #4
orbital plate of frontal bone
frontal sinus of frontal bone
supraorbital notch of frontal bone
parietal bone
orbital plate of frontal bone
frontal sinus of frontal bone
anatomy 4
gastro
neuro
cranio
cardio
stomach
nerve
skull
heart
gastro
stomach
neuro
nerve
24 terms
anatomy 4
a, an, ar
ab
acro
adeno
with out
away from
extremities
glandular
a, an, ar
with out
ab
away from
24 terms
Anatomy 4
A
Apo
Cardium
Chondros
Without
From
Heart
Cartilage
A
Without
Apo
From
24 terms
Anatomy 4
a-
apo-
cardium
chondros
without
from
heart
cartilage
a-
without
apo-
from
Anatomy 4
-Logy
-Lunar
-Malacia
-Magaly
Study of
Moon, moonlike
Softening
Enlargement
-Logy
Study of
-Lunar
Moon, moonlike
30 terms
Anatomy #4
CNS-Central nervous system (CNS)
4 things in PNS-Peripheral nervous sys…
3 divisions of the PNS and be able to…
3 functions of nervous system
consists of brain and spinal cord, brain contains about 100 b…
1) nerves (called tracts in CNS)... bundle of hundreds of thousa…
1) somatic nervous system (SNS)... neurons convey information fr…
1)Sensory function: receptors detect stimuli (internal or ext…
CNS-Central nervous system (CNS)
consists of brain and spinal cord, brain contains about 100 b…
4 things in PNS-Peripheral nervous sys…
1) nerves (called tracts in CNS)... bundle of hundreds of thousa…
Anatomy 4
Integumentary System
Epidermis layers
Dermis
Hypodermis/Subcutaneous layer
It covers the entire body, a surface area of 20.8 square feet…
1. Stratum Basale- Also called germinativum because it's th…
1. Papillary layer-Upper 20% areolar CT... Dermal papillae=…
Mainly consists of adipose. For histology: very light stainin…
Integumentary System
It covers the entire body, a surface area of 20.8 square feet…
Epidermis layers
1. Stratum Basale- Also called germinativum because it's th…
Anatomy 4
Cell membrane
Selectively permeable
Protein
Lipid
Determines what enter and leaves the cell
A membrane that functions that function the way that cell mem…
Has information
Molecules that can move sideways within the plane
Cell membrane
Determines what enter and leaves the cell
Selectively permeable
A membrane that functions that function the way that cell mem…
Anatomy 4
Epithelial Tissue Function
Histology
Pathologist
Epithelial Tissue Characteristics
Cover all body surfaces, line body cavities and hollow organs…
the study of tissues
looks for tissue changes that indicate disease
Basement membrane... Rapidly Healing... Avascular... Apical surface
Epithelial Tissue Function
Cover all body surfaces, line body cavities and hollow organs…
Histology
the study of tissues
Anatomy #4
Ferr
Fil
Form
Gastr
Iron
Thread
Shape
Stomach
Ferr
Iron
Fil
Thread
11 terms
Anatomy 4
tissue
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
muscular tissue
A group of similar cells and their intercellular substance jo…
The tissue that forms the innermost and outermost surfaces of…
protect and support the body and its organ. Various types of…
composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
tissue
A group of similar cells and their intercellular substance jo…
Epithelial tissue
The tissue that forms the innermost and outermost surfaces of…
Anatomy Lecture Exam #4
What is a good landmark for the superi…
what is referred pain
6 f's... (what may cause an enlarged abdo…
what is peritonitis
bottom of the trachea or carina
pain away from actual site of injury
fat, food, fetus, fluid, feces, flatus
inflammation of the peritoneum
What is a good landmark for the superi…
bottom of the trachea or carina
what is referred pain
pain away from actual site of injury
21 terms
Anatomy 4
hema or hemato or hemo-
hemi-
hepat-
hetero-
blood (hemoglobin)
half (hemisphere)
liver (hepatic duct)
different, other (heterosexual)
hema or hemato or hemo-
blood (hemoglobin)
hemi-
half (hemisphere)
Anatomy #4
A-
Apo-
Cardium
Chondros
Without
From
Heart
Cartilage
A-
Without
Apo-
From
39 terms
anatomy 4
the proteins that control the reaction…
the process by which two molecules are…
an enzyme acts only on a particular su…
the form of energy utilized by most ce…
enzymes
synthesis
substrate
chemical
the proteins that control the reaction…
enzymes
the process by which two molecules are…
synthesis
50 terms
Anatomy Ch. 4
Epithelial tissue
protection, absorption, filtration, se…
polarity, tight junctions and demosome…
polarity
sheets of cells: covering and lining external and internal su…
functions of epithelial tissue
special characteristics of epithelial tissue
apical surface- superficial, free- most with microvilli brush…
Epithelial tissue
sheets of cells: covering and lining external and internal su…
protection, absorption, filtration, se…
functions of epithelial tissue
10 terms
Anatomy 4
Pulmo, penuma
Neuro
Cerebro
Oculo, ophthalmo
lung system
Nerve
Brain
Eye
Pulmo, penuma
lung system
Neuro
Nerve
19 terms
Anatomy 4
-gram
-graph
hem-
hemi-,semi-
Something written
Writing apparatus
Blood
Half
-gram
Something written
-graph
Writing apparatus
57 terms
4 - Skin - Anatomy & Physiology
body membranes
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membranes
mucous membrane
tissue linings of body cavities and coverings of internal org…
composed of epithelial tissue and an underlying layer of conn…
primary organ of the integumentary system characterized by la…
the layer of epithelial tissue that covers internal surfaces…
body membranes
tissue linings of body cavities and coverings of internal org…
epithelial membranes
composed of epithelial tissue and an underlying layer of conn…
17 terms
Anatomy 4
Affector
Mediastinum
Diaphram
Effector
1. A muscle, gland, or organ capable of responding to a stimu…
Region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
Muscle that seperated the thoracic cavity front the abdominop…
Corrects imbalance
Affector
1. A muscle, gland, or organ capable of responding to a stimu…
Mediastinum
Region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
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