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Study sets matching "anatomy 4"

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Study sets matching "anatomy 4"

5 termscreated on December 11, 2016
Cells and energy
How do cells get energy from glucose
Where are the products of respiration…
Know the anatomy of mitochondria
How much ATP is generated by glycolysi…
They breaks down food molecules to release energy (cellular r…
In the mitochondria
The outer membrane covers the organelle and contains it like…
Glycolysis: 4 but 2 are used... Citric acid cycle: 2... Electron tr…
How do cells get energy from glucose
They breaks down food molecules to release energy (cellular r…
Where are the products of respiration…
In the mitochondria
106 termscreated on December 11, 2016
Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral Girdle
Clavicle
Scapula
Acromion Process
Pectoral Girdle
Clavicle
90 termscreated on December 11, 2016
Spinal Cord Injury (Smith)
why is knowledge of spinal cord and ve…
what are vulnerable areas of the spina…
what are some causes of spinal cord in…
destruction injury
there may be a higher or lower level of injury based on spina…
C5-C6... T12... L1
Destruction... Compression... Ischemia
penetrating or blunt trauma (shear, twist, bend)
why is knowledge of spinal cord and ve…
there may be a higher or lower level of injury based on spina…
what are vulnerable areas of the spina…
C5-C6... T12... L1
54 termscreated on December 10, 2016
A&P Final
Anatomy
Physiology
Biological organization of human body
Chemical level definition
Science of body structures and relationships aming structures
Science of body functions- how the body parts work
1.chemical level... 2.cellular level... 3.tissue level... 4.organ leve…
Includes atoms(smallest components) and molecules(2 or more a…
Anatomy
Science of body structures and relationships aming structures
Physiology
Science of body functions- how the body parts work
54 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Special senses
Three main parts of hearing and equili…
External ear
External ear structure
Tympanic membrane
-external ear... -middle ear... -inner ear
-auricle gathers sound waves and funnels into external acoust…
-external acoustic meatus is short tube running from auricle…
-aka ear drum... -boundary between external and middle ear... -soun…
Three main parts of hearing and equili…
-external ear... -middle ear... -inner ear
External ear
-auricle gathers sound waves and funnels into external acoust…
10 termscreated on December 10, 2016
THE CONCEPT OF MAN Health Care
4 Major attributes of a human being
1. Atomistic approach... 2. Holistic appr…
Atomistic approach
Atomistic approach
1. The capacity to think or conceptualize on the abstract lev…
2 approaches in the study of man
Byrne and Thompson ... Anatomy and physiology
Views man as an organism of different organ systems, made up…
4 Major attributes of a human being
1. The capacity to think or conceptualize on the abstract lev…
1. Atomistic approach... 2. Holistic appr…
2 approaches in the study of man
48 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy final part 4
skeletal muscles
smooth muscles
cardiac muscles
connective tissue
striations... voluntary- conscious control
found in walls of hollow organs - bladder... not striated... involu…
only in heart... striated... involuntary... contractions due to electr…
wrap and contain muscles
skeletal muscles
striations... voluntary- conscious control
smooth muscles
found in walls of hollow organs - bladder... not striated... involu…
36 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Module 3 Unit 4
synaptic activity
presynaptic
postsynaptic
VG Ca
what involves a message being transferred from one neuron to…
what neuron releases the neurotransmitter?
what neuron binds the neurotransmitter?
when action potential reaches the synaptic knobs of an axon w…
synaptic activity
what involves a message being transferred from one neuron to…
presynaptic
what neuron releases the neurotransmitter?
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
autonomous system
Visceral motor system. What is it
Somatic nervous system. what is it
4 unique features of visceral system
What regions of spinal cord is specifi…
Controls glands and muscles of internal organs. Innervates ca…
controls skeletal muscles.
1. Lower motor neurons. Autonomic ganglia located in the plex…
lumbar/thoracic
Visceral motor system. What is it
Controls glands and muscles of internal organs. Innervates ca…
Somatic nervous system. what is it
controls skeletal muscles.
12 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy Chapter 2
Anatomical Position
Sagital Plane
Frontal Plane
Transverse Plane
Enables standardization fo anatomical terminology and effecti…
Runs anteriorly/posteriorly. Divides body into equal bilatera…
Runs laterally. Divides the body into anterior and posterior…
Runs horizontally through the center of the body
Anatomical Position
Enables standardization fo anatomical terminology and effecti…
Sagital Plane
Runs anteriorly/posteriorly. Divides body into equal bilatera…
40 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Lower Limb_Gilroy and online book questions
Superior gluteal nerve... positive trend…
popliteus m.... lies deep and obliquely…
medial circumflex femoral a.... upper pa…
tibial n. ... terminal branch of sciatic…
A 7 year old boy has walked w/ an abnormal "dipping" gait sin…
While standing upright, a 40 yo man moves his knees in a lock…
An elderly woman comes to the ED w/ a nondisplaced fracture o…
As part of a physical exam in evaluate lower limb function, a…
Superior gluteal nerve... positive trend…
A 7 year old boy has walked w/ an abnormal "dipping" gait sin…
popliteus m.... lies deep and obliquely…
While standing upright, a 40 yo man moves his knees in a lock…
26 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Kinesiology
Simple Machine
The structure of an organism
The function of an organism
The study of human movement
A rigid bar pivots on an axis when force is used to overcome…
Anatomy
The structure of an organism
Physiology
The function of an organism
45 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Abdominal wall & viscera (anatomy exam 4)
The abdominal wall
Anterior abdominal wall
Rectus Abdominis
Linea alba (of rectus abdominis)
-composed of:... -anterior wall... -lateral wall... -posterior wall... -s…
-Rectus abdominis... -Rectus sheath... -Pyramidalis
-Muscle of anterior abdominal wall... -O: pubic crest and symphy…
-Tendinous structure, extending from xiphoid process to pubic…
The abdominal wall
-composed of:... -anterior wall... -lateral wall... -posterior wall... -s…
Anterior abdominal wall
-Rectus abdominis... -Rectus sheath... -Pyramidalis
16 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Module 2 Unit 5 (body membranes)
mucus, serous, cutaneous, synovial
mucus
mucus
serous
what are the 4 body membranes?
what membrane lines cavities open to the exterior?
what membrane lubricates organs, traps dirt and debris, and k…
what membrane lines cavities not open to exterior?
mucus, serous, cutaneous, synovial
what are the 4 body membranes?
mucus
what membrane lines cavities open to the exterior?
40 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy Test 4 answers
What endocrine gland creates insulin?
Which type of cell in your retina is r…
Which eye muscle causes the pupil to i…
Which of these flavors lets us know th…
pancreas
rod
pupillary dilator
sour
What endocrine gland creates insulin?
pancreas
Which type of cell in your retina is r…
rod
51 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 16 FULL: Autonomic nervous system
Fight or flight response
Cholingeric neuron
Adrenergic neuron
Agonists
Sympathetic nervous system response where the following happe…
Nerve fiber that secretes acetylcholine; all preganglionic ne…
Never fiber that secretes norepinephrine; all postganglionic…
Drugs that bind to specific receptors and activate them.
Fight or flight response
Sympathetic nervous system response where the following happe…
Cholingeric neuron
Nerve fiber that secretes acetylcholine; all preganglionic ne…
63 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Phys Final Exam
4 Digestive processes
Define digestion
Chyme
Define absorption
1. Digestion... 2. Absorption... 3. Motility... 4. Secretion
chemical and mechanical breakdown of food into absorbable units
Soupy material food during digestions
Movement of material from GI lumen to ECF
4 Digestive processes
1. Digestion... 2. Absorption... 3. Motility... 4. Secretion
Define digestion
chemical and mechanical breakdown of food into absorbable units
18 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Module 2 Unit 4
differentiation
epithelial
absorption, secretion, excretion
epithelial
specialized to carry out a specific function, genes turn on a…
tissue that lines body cavities open to the exterior
what are epithelial tissues specialized for?
tissue made for physical protection, controlling permeability…
differentiation
specialized to carry out a specific function, genes turn on a…
epithelial
tissue that lines body cavities open to the exterior
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
MSK 4 Shoulder, Upper Limb
Musculocutaneous nerve
Axillary nerve
Median nerve
Radian nerve
(C5-C7) anterior division... - Innervates biceps brachii... - Senso…
(C5, C6) posterior division... - Goes behind humerus after leavi…
(C6-T1) anterior division... - Runs along axillary artery after…
(C7-T1) posterior division... - Goes behind humerus after leavin…
Musculocutaneous nerve
(C5-C7) anterior division... - Innervates biceps brachii... - Senso…
Axillary nerve
(C5, C6) posterior division... - Goes behind humerus after leavi…
31 termscreated on December 10, 2016
anatomy
circulatory system
digestive system
excretory system
endocrine system
The human body system that contians the heart, blood, and all…
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
the system that removes waste from your body and controls wat…
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
circulatory system
The human body system that contians the heart, blood, and all…
digestive system
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
28 termscreated on December 10, 2016
dental anatomy final notes
small ulceration on the under-surface…
flap of tissue over an unerupted or pa…
fusion of the root to the bone, tooth…
peg lateral is the most common form of?
riga-fede apthae
operculum
ankylosis
microdontia/isolated (smaller than normal tooth)... -generaliz…
small ulceration on the under-surface…
riga-fede apthae
flap of tissue over an unerupted or pa…
operculum
41 termscreated on December 10, 2016
pregnancy
what happens during fertilization... see…
when does implantation occur
first step in implantation
second step in implantation
egg and sperm nuclei fuse (haploid cells with 23 chromosomes)…
1 week after fertilization
trophoblast cells adhere to endometrium and secrete digestive…
blastocyst burrows into endometrium... this causes trophoblast…
what happens during fertilization... see…
egg and sperm nuclei fuse (haploid cells with 23 chromosomes)…
when does implantation occur
1 week after fertilization
27 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy and Physiology test #3 ch.21
innate/nonspecific immunity
adaptive/specific immunity
skin/mucous
chemical/cellular
immunity that is present at birth, is rapid response, and has…
immunity that is slower response and contains a specific reco…
1st line of defense for innate immunity is ?
2nd line of defense for innate immunity is?
innate/nonspecific immunity
immunity that is present at birth, is rapid response, and has…
adaptive/specific immunity
immunity that is slower response and contains a specific reco…
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ch 27 Reproductive System
Define gametes in males and females.
Define zygote
List 8 major components of the male re…
List the major components of the scrot…
male: sperm... female: ova
The joining of a sperm cell and an ovum is called fertilizati…
Testis... Epididymis... Ductus deferens... Ejaculatory duct... Spongy ure…
*two chambers (scrotal cavities) separated by the perineal ra…
Define gametes in males and females.
male: sperm... female: ova
Define zygote
The joining of a sperm cell and an ovum is called fertilizati…
34 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Cumulative Exam 4
sagittal planes
coronal planes
transverse plane
superior
above the head is superior to the neck
sagittal planes
coronal planes
34 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Gross Anatomy - Heart
Fibrous Pericardium
Serous Pericardium
Cardiac tamponade
Epicardium
Dense, inelastic ... Anchors and protects the heart
Parietal -> lines the inside of the fibrous layer, pericardia…
Fluid in the pericardiac sac
Visceral, lines the heart
Fibrous Pericardium
Dense, inelastic ... Anchors and protects the heart
Serous Pericardium
Parietal -> lines the inside of the fibrous layer, pericardia…
72 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Botany Final Questions
What is the name of the specific struc…
Does every cell on the sporophyte indi…
By which cellular process (mitosis or…
Are spores haploid or diploid?
Sporangium; Diploid
No; Sporocytes
Meiosis; Sporocytes are diploid and they undergo meiosis to b…
Haploid
What is the name of the specific struc…
Sporangium; Diploid
Does every cell on the sporophyte indi…
No; Sporocytes
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ch 26 Digestive System
List 8 major functions of the urinary…
List 4 major components of the urinary…
List and describe 3 layers of connecti…
Label the major components of the kidn…
Regulates plasma ion concentrations... Regulates blood volume an…
Kidneys and nephrons... Ureters... Urinary bladder... Urethra
Fibrous capsule... Perinephric fat... Renal fascia
...
List 8 major functions of the urinary…
Regulates plasma ion concentrations... Regulates blood volume an…
List 4 major components of the urinary…
Kidneys and nephrons... Ureters... Urinary bladder... Urethra
896 termscreated on December 10, 2016
ruoff
What is a tissue? ... How many types? Nam…
What does epithelium cover?
3 characteristics of epithelium... -Somet…
4 functions of epithelium
Collection of specialized cells AND extracellular material.…
Internal and external surfaces of the body (lining of organs,…
1) Has a basement membrane (for diffusion) ... 2) Avascular- has…
1) Cover, line, and protect surfaces... -Lines cavities and orga…
What is a tissue? ... How many types? Nam…
Collection of specialized cells AND extracellular material.…
What does epithelium cover?
Internal and external surfaces of the body (lining of organs,…
20 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Spinal Cord, Mechanoreceptors, Muscle Spindles, Gamma Motor (OT335)
cervical, sacral
S1
cerebellum
mechanoreceptors
the spinal cord is thicker at the ___ region than at the ___…
conscious proprioception goes to ___
unconscious proprioception goes to ___
at the distal end of peripheral neurons, this senses touch, p…
cervical, sacral
the spinal cord is thicker at the ___ region than at the ___…
S1
conscious proprioception goes to ___
18 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 4
Four tissue types
Epithelial
Cellularity
Attachment
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
Covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
Cells packed closely together
Bound to underlying tissue by basement
Four tissue types
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
Epithelial
Covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
31 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy Kidney's
Where is kidney located?
location of right kidney?
location of lt kidney
When breathing, kidneys change positio…
kidneys are located from T-12 to L-4.
l-1 to l-4 (lower)
t-12 or l-1 to l-4
True, they could change up to 2.5cm.
Where is kidney located?
kidneys are located from T-12 to L-4.
location of right kidney?
l-1 to l-4 (lower)
50 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy & physiology test 4 review
Polycythemia
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Thrombocytes
Is a condition characterized by an excess of red blood cells…
"Red blood cells" a hemoglobin containing blood cell that tra…
"White blood cell" a blood cell that has defensive and immune…
"Platelet" A cellular fragment in blood, involved in blood cl…
Polycythemia
Is a condition characterized by an excess of red blood cells…
Erythrocytes
"Red blood cells" a hemoglobin containing blood cell that tra…
26 termscreated on December 10, 2016
lecture- endocrine system
endocrine gland
hormone
negative feedback loop
endocrine system
secretes hormones into bloodstream
chemical messenger that regulates activity of other body cell…
a stimulus causes endocrine organ to release hormones... hormon…
all endocrine glands in body, overseen by hypothalamus
endocrine gland
secretes hormones into bloodstream
hormone
chemical messenger that regulates activity of other body cell…
277 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Practical Study Guide: Chapters 10-18
Muscle Cells and Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Cells
Musculoskeletal System
Voluntary Muscles
______ _____ and _____ _____ are designed for movement.
Muscle cells responsible for moving the bones of the skeleton…
The relationship between the muscular system and the skeletal…
Because skeletal muscles can be contracted at will, they are…
Muscle Cells and Muscle Tissue
______ _____ and _____ _____ are designed for movement.
Skeletal Muscle Cells
Muscle cells responsible for moving the bones of the skeleton…
26 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Module 1 Unit 5
catabolism of glucose
glycolysis
acetyl co-a, CAC, ETC
pyruvic acid
1.) glycolysis... 2.) formation of acetyl co-A... 3.) citric acid c…
which of the 4 steps of the catabolism of glucose is anaerobic?
which of the 4 steps of the catabolism of glucose is aerobic?
product of glycolysis
catabolism of glucose
1.) glycolysis... 2.) formation of acetyl co-A... 3.) citric acid c…
glycolysis
which of the 4 steps of the catabolism of glucose is anaerobic?
60 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy Ch. 4
The categories of epithelial tissue me…
Which is incorrect?
synovial membranes are found in the:
Athough you get wet while swimming, a…
mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
parietal pericardium- covers the outer surface of the heart
joint cavities
keratin
The categories of epithelial tissue me…
mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
Which is incorrect?
parietal pericardium- covers the outer surface of the heart
277 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Practical Study Guide: Chapters 10-18
Muscle Cells and Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Cells
Musculoskeletal System
Voluntary Muscles
______ _____ and _____ _____ are designed for movement.
Muscle cells responsible for moving the bones of the skeleton…
The relationship between the muscular system and the skeletal…
Because skeletal muscles can be contracted at will, they are…
Muscle Cells and Muscle Tissue
______ _____ and _____ _____ are designed for movement.
Skeletal Muscle Cells
Muscle cells responsible for moving the bones of the skeleton…
18 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Female Reproductive System
What is the primary sex organ of the f…
Describe the gross anatomy of the ovar…
Germinal Epithelium
Histology of the ovary
- ovaries (reproductive and hormonal function)
- mesovarium (suspends each ovary from the posterior surface…
- outer surface of the ovary is covered by the germinal epith…
- ovarian cortex contains the ovarian follicles... - ovarian med…
What is the primary sex organ of the f…
- ovaries (reproductive and hormonal function)
Describe the gross anatomy of the ovar…
- mesovarium (suspends each ovary from the posterior surface…
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
ovarian cycle
what is the ovarian cycle
what happens during ovarian cycle
length of ovarian cycle
what are the phases of ovarian cycle
sequence that leads to ovulation
oocytes develop within structures called follicles
28 days... syncronized with menstrual cycle
follicular phase day 1 -14... luteal phase day 15-28
what is the ovarian cycle
sequence that leads to ovulation
what happens during ovarian cycle
oocytes develop within structures called follicles
49 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Acu anatomy; upper limb; Elbow to Hand --- in progress!!!!!!!!
Lung 5
Lung 6
Lung 7
Lung 8
On the cubital crease, in the depression of the radial side o…
On the palmar aspect of the forearm, on the line connecting L…
Superior to the styloid process of the radius, 1.5 cun above…
1 cun above the transverse crease of the wrist in the depress…
Lung 5
On the cubital crease, in the depression of the radial side o…
Lung 6
On the palmar aspect of the forearm, on the line connecting L…
53 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ch 25 Digestive System
List major components of the digestive…
List and define 7 major functions of t…
Accessory Organs
Define 2 types of movements of digesti…
*Digestive System:... Ingestion... Mechanical processing... Digestion…
1. Mouth... 2. Pharynx... 3. Esophagus... 4. Stomach... 5. Small intestin…
Teeth... Tongue... Salivary glands... Pancreas... Liver... Gallbladder
*peristalsis: The muscularis externa propels material through…
List major components of the digestive…
*Digestive System:... Ingestion... Mechanical processing... Digestion…
List and define 7 major functions of t…
1. Mouth... 2. Pharynx... 3. Esophagus... 4. Stomach... 5. Small intestin…
35 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Honors Anatomy Mid-Term Part 1
proximal
lateral
anterior
superficial
The elbow is ________________ to the wrist.
The arms are ________________ to the chest.
The breastbone is _____________________ to the spine.
Your skin is ____________________________ to your skeleton.
proximal
The elbow is ________________ to the wrist.
lateral
The arms are ________________ to the chest.
69 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy FINAL: Circulatory
Functions of the circulatory system?
Name the 4 components of blood and des…
Arteries
Veins
- Works along side respiratory system to deliver oxygen and r…
1.) Plasma = liquid component; contains dissolved solutes and…
- carry blood AWAY from heart; OXYGENATED... can handle large am…
- carry DEOXYGENATED blood TO the heart... are built for capacit…
Functions of the circulatory system?
- Works along side respiratory system to deliver oxygen and r…
Name the 4 components of blood and des…
1.) Plasma = liquid component; contains dissolved solutes and…
19 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Acu anatomy; upper limb; Shoulder to Elbow --- in progress!!!!!!!!
Lung 3
Lung 4
Lung 5
Large intestine 11
On the medial aspect of the upper arm, 3 cun below the end of…
On the medial aspect of the upper arm 4 cun below the anterio…
On the cubital crease, in the depression on the radial side o…
When the elbow is flexed, in the depression at the lateral en…
Lung 3
On the medial aspect of the upper arm, 3 cun below the end of…
Lung 4
On the medial aspect of the upper arm 4 cun below the anterio…
33 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ion channels as drug targets
Ion channels are classical drug recept…
Importance of ion channels as drug tar…
Drugs targeting ion channels
Ion channel definition
-Possess structural and steric specificity for drugs... -Are satu…
-BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: cell signaling & trigger many cell…
1. voltage-gated channels: Local Anesthetics, Anti-hypertensi…
-drugs of abuse act on ion channel... -Transmembrane protein wit…
Ion channels are classical drug recept…
-Possess structural and steric specificity for drugs... -Are satu…
Importance of ion channels as drug tar…
-BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: cell signaling & trigger many cell…
65 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy Topic 11
Meninges
3 layers of meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
protective membrane of the CNS ... -stability, shock and provide…
1. Dura mater... 2. arachnoid mater ... 3. Pia mater
-outside, tough, WHITE CT, dense ... -nerves and bld. vessels ... -…
-simple squamous ... -no bld. vessels ... -subarachnoid space (CSF)…
Meninges
protective membrane of the CNS ... -stability, shock and provide…
3 layers of meninges
1. Dura mater... 2. arachnoid mater ... 3. Pia mater
32 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Module 1 Unit 4
histone
DNA
promotor
gene activation
protein DNA is wound around, keeps DNA inactive
what must be uncoiled from histone to code for a protein?
beginning of a gene
this begins when histone is removed from promotor
histone
protein DNA is wound around, keeps DNA inactive
DNA
what must be uncoiled from histone to code for a protein?
92 termscreated on December 10, 2016
UWYO Anatomy Exam 4
Endocrine glands... A. are ductless gland…
Which endocrine gland is paired (meani…
The "master control center" of the end…
Where are the target cells for antidiu…
E. All of the choices are correct
Adrenal
Hypothalamus
KIdney tubules and smooth muscle of arteriole walls
Endocrine glands... A. are ductless gland…
E. All of the choices are correct
Which endocrine gland is paired (meani…
Adrenal
56 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Anatomy and Physiology- module 4, unit 5
Sensory Systems monitor external as we…
A receptor relays information to the
If the stimulus reaches the cerebral c…
Sensory perception: quality of sensation
Internal environment
CNS
We become consciously aware of it
Depends upon sensory modality (the type of receptor that is b…
Sensory Systems monitor external as we…
Internal environment
A receptor relays information to the
CNS
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