Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology 2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology 2"

25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Calcium
Osteoporosis
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
A mineral stored in your bones that helps to keep your heart…
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes…
Yellow bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Red bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Q2)
Fibroblasts
Macrophages
Adipocytes
Mesenchymal
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
Fat cells
Connective tissue stem cells, can turn into other cells
Fibroblasts
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
Macrophages
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Blood
Plasma
Albumin
Globulins
Hematocrit
clear, straw-colored liquid portion of blood
plasma protein that helps regulate osmotic concentration
plasma proteins synthesized by liver; used for transport of g…
percentage of red blood cells in blood
Plasma
clear, straw-colored liquid portion of blood
Albumin
plasma protein that helps regulate osmotic concentration
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology terms - set 2
carpal
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
carpal
abdominal
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum granulosum
stratum spinosum
the most superficial layer of the skin, in this observable la…
layer of the epidermis found only in calloused skin, made of…
small layer in which the keratinocytes have a granular appear…
in this layer the pushing force of newly created cells and th…
stratum corneum
the most superficial layer of the skin, in this observable la…
stratum lucidum
layer of the epidermis found only in calloused skin, made of…
Anatomy and Physiology 1:2
The chemical level contains what?
The cellular level contains what?
The tissue level contains what?
What are the four basic types of tissue?
includes atoms and molecules. (Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitr…
cells (the basic structural and functional units of an organi…
tissues are groups of cells and the materials surrounding the…
Epithelial (covers body surfaces, lines hollow organs and cav…
The chemical level contains what?
includes atoms and molecules. (Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitr…
The cellular level contains what?
cells (the basic structural and functional units of an organi…
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
Anatomy and Physiology: Module 2
axial muscles
appendicular muscles
trapezius
actions of the trapezius
any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head
any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs
a large superficial muscle that extends from the occipital bo…
rotation, retraction, elevation, and depression movements of…
axial muscles
any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head
appendicular muscles
any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
functions of bones
skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
-support and protect softer tissues... -provide points of attach…
-no blood vessels or nerves... -in joints where bones meet... -atta…
-surrounds cartilage... -dense connective tissue girdle... -contain…
-provides support, flexibility, and resilience... -collagen fibe…
functions of bones
-support and protect softer tissues... -provide points of attach…
skeletal cartilage
-no blood vessels or nerves... -in joints where bones meet... -atta…
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
74 terms
Lab 2 Anatomy and Physiology 2
Parotid
Hard palate
Soft palate
Uvula
Largest salivary gland
composed of maxillary and palatine bones
Posterior to the hard palate
Soft appendage that hangs from the roof of the mouth
Parotid
Largest salivary gland
Hard palate
composed of maxillary and palatine bones
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Set #2
superior
inferior
ventral
dorsal
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; the front of
toward or at the back of the body; behind
superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Lab 2
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metephase
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromatin condense into chromosomes
chromosomes align along the middle of the cell
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
122 terms
Anatomy and Physiology exam 2
What are the functions of the skeleton…
What is the skeleton (skeletal system)…
Are bones alive?
Describe the anatomy of a long bone.
1. The skeleton supports the body and cradles some of the org…
The skeletal system is composed of 208 bones... Hyaline cartilag…
yes
The middle of the bone is called the Diaphysis, while the end…
What are the functions of the skeleton…
1. The skeleton supports the body and cradles some of the org…
What is the skeleton (skeletal system)…
The skeletal system is composed of 208 bones... Hyaline cartilag…
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
137 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2: Exam 2
blood
blood volume
blood cells, plasma
red blood cells, white blood cells, pl…
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
Blood Composition (Formed Elements)
blood cells... ~45% (Hct) "Hematocrit"
blood
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
blood volume
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 2
kinetic energy
potential energy
chemical energy
electrical energy
energy in motion
possible energy pent up
stored in the bonds of chemical substances. goes from potenti…
when charged particles move together
kinetic energy
energy in motion
potential energy
possible energy pent up
111 terms
Anatomy&Physiology 2 (heart physiology)
pericardium
parietal layer
visceral layer
returning vessels
Double walked sac around the heart ... -composed of superficial…
Lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium
Lines surface of heart.... Visceral&Parietal separated by perica…
-right&left pulmonary veins... -superior& inferior vena cava
pericardium
Double walked sac around the heart ... -composed of superficial…
parietal layer
Lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Test 1
TBD
TBD
Nervous system produces a quicker resp…
Amino acid derivates and lipid derivat…
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands?
What are hormones and how do they differ from neurotransmitte…
Which system produces a quicker response, nervous or endocrin…
What are the chemical classes of hormones?
TBD
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands?
TBD
What are hormones and how do they differ from neurotransmitte…
87 terms
anatomy and physiology 2 exam 3
afterload
aldosterone
aldosteronism
anamnestic response
pressure that must be exceeded before ejection of the bood fr…
hormone from the adrenal cortex that increase blood volume
high levels of aldosterone
the response your body has to the second time your body encou…
afterload
pressure that must be exceeded before ejection of the bood fr…
aldosterone
hormone from the adrenal cortex that increase blood volume
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Task 2
Roles of Muscles
Agonist
Assisting
Antagonist
Movement (caused by contractions); Posture (hold your body up…
muscle that causes the motion
assists the movement of a prime mover but is less effective
performs the opposite motion of the prime mover
Roles of Muscles
Movement (caused by contractions); Posture (hold your body up…
Agonist
muscle that causes the motion
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 MIDTERM
hormone
endocrine glands
endocrinology
steroids
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
the study of the endocrine system
lipid-soluble hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, and co…
hormone
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
endocrine glands
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
adipocytes
adipose tissue
Desmosomes/Anchoring junction
apical
lipid storage cells
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the…
that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an ope…
adipocytes
lipid storage cells
adipose tissue
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 2
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Basic building blocks of matter
(p+) positively charged subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
(n) charge-less subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
(e-) negatively charged subatomic particles, virtually weight…
Atoms
Basic building blocks of matter
Protons
(p+) positively charged subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
67 terms
anatomy and physiology week 2
Covalent
Ionic
Ions
molecule
this bond involves a sharing of electrons between the atoms i…
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another
atoms or group of atoms with a positive or negative charge... ca…
when two or more atoms unite
Covalent
this bond involves a sharing of electrons between the atoms i…
Ionic
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 18.2
Breakdown percentage of plasma
How is plasma similar to interstitial…
What is the most significant differenc…
Function of water in plasma
92% water... 7% plasma proteins... 1% other solutes
Both have similar concentrations of nutrients, electrolytes a…
Plasma has a higher concentration of proteins
The solvent in which formed elements are suspended and protei…
Breakdown percentage of plasma
92% water... 7% plasma proteins... 1% other solutes
How is plasma similar to interstitial…
Both have similar concentrations of nutrients, electrolytes a…
136 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Practical 2
Lymph Node Anatomy
Spleen Anatomy
Major Lymphatic Vessels
Thymus Tissue and Location
Lymph Node Anatomy
Spleen Anatomy
219 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Practical 2
A Band
I band
Z disk
Myofibril
#6
#2
#1
fills sarcoplasm and is made of myofilaments
A Band
#6
I band
#2
Anatomy and Physiology Practical 2
Pericardial sac
Apex
Base of heart
Atria (Right/Left)
Surrounds heart with pericardial fibers
Pericardial sac
Surrounds heart with pericardial fibers
Apex
Anatomy & Physiology: Unit 2
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
division of nucleus that creates two daughter nuclei
first part of cell division where chromatin coils into chromo…
second part of cell division where chromosomes are aligned in…
third part of cell division where the centromere splits, chro…
Mitosis
division of nucleus that creates two daughter nuclei
Prophase
first part of cell division where chromatin coils into chromo…
260 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Practical 2
endomysium
epimysium
Muscle fiber
Deep Fascia
What is B?
What is A?
What is C?
What is D?
endomysium
What is B?
epimysium
What is A?
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Week 2
Myosin
Actin
Tendon
Artery
Protein filament in muscle cells that functions with actin in…
Protein filamentin muscle cells that functions with myosin in…
Tough connective-tissue band that connects muscle to bone
Elastic, thin walled blood vessel that carries oxygenated blo…
Myosin
Protein filament in muscle cells that functions with actin in…
Actin
Protein filamentin muscle cells that functions with myosin in…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lab Exam
right and left brachiocephalic veins (…
superior vena cava (1)
inferior vena cava (9)
opening to the coronary sinus (6)
13/12
1
9
6
right and left brachiocephalic veins (…
13/12
superior vena cava (1)
1
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Foundations Chapter #2
The basic unit of life, it all begins…
______ is made up of 2 or more cells?
_____ is made up of several tissues?
_____ is made up of organs?
Cell
Tissue
Organ
System level
The basic unit of life, it all begins…
Cell
______ is made up of 2 or more cells?
Tissue
47 terms
Anatomy and physiology 2- Blood
How much blood is in the human body,
Two components of blood,
Cells,
Three main types of cells found in Blo…
About 5-6 L in males; 4-5 L in females (simpky because most o…
Cells & Plasma
Formed elements (Connective tissues-scattered cells and matrix)
Erythrocytes, Leukocytes and platelets.
How much blood is in the human body,
About 5-6 L in males; 4-5 L in females (simpky because most o…
Two components of blood,
Cells & Plasma
54 terms
Muscles anatomy and physiology 2
platysma
orbicularis oculi
nasalis
orbicularis oris
platysma
orbicularis oculi
anatomy & physiology exam 2
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
tissue that is responsible for support, movement, and heat ge…
tissue that's responsible for controlling other organs, recei…
epithelial
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
connective
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
Anatomy & Physiology Review 2
abdominal
palms and soles
vesicles
amino acids
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
Sebaceous glands are NOT present.
Membranous sacs that transports substances into and out of th…
The building blocks of proteins are:
abdominal
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
palms and soles
Sebaceous glands are NOT present.
Anatomy and Physiology exam #2
1. What bone tissue is adapted to supp…
2. What is the cell that secretes bone…
3. What kind of tissue in the embryo b…
4. What is diploe?
spongy bone
osteocyte
hyaline cartilage
spongy bone in skull
1. What bone tissue is adapted to supp…
spongy bone
2. What is the cell that secretes bone…
osteocyte
Anatomy and Physiology 2: HEART
Description of the heart
Coverings of Heart
Pericarditis
Heart Wall (3 layers)
-Size of a fist ... -Snow-cone shaped... -Weighs less than a pound…
-Heart enclosed in a double-walled sac: pericardium... -Outer: F…
Inflammation of the Pericardium; caused by bacterial infectio…
1. Epicardium: same as visceral layer of serous pericardium…
Description of the heart
-Size of a fist ... -Snow-cone shaped... -Weighs less than a pound…
Coverings of Heart
-Heart enclosed in a double-walled sac: pericardium... -Outer: F…
Anatomy and physiology 2 - Test 1
Stem cells
Hematopoiesis
Granulocytes
Agranulocytes
parent cells from which other cells are made
the production of red blood cells
group of white blood cells have granules in the cytoplasm
a non-granular white blood cell
Stem cells
parent cells from which other cells are made
Hematopoiesis
the production of red blood cells
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 17.2
How are secretory cells organized?
Endocrine organ
Name the endocrine organs
Hormone produced by the hypothalamus
Simple organ with only an endocrine function... Cells housed in…
Single organ that is entirely endocrine in function
Pituitary gland... Pineal gland... Thyroid gland... Parathyroid gland…
Regulatory hormones
How are secretory cells organized?
Simple organ with only an endocrine function... Cells housed in…
Endocrine organ
Single organ that is entirely endocrine in function
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The amount of material in matter
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, and electrons
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
The amount of material in matter
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ino…
water
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
inorganic substances
most abundant compound in living material. major component of…
organic molecules
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
62 terms
anatomy and physiology ch 2
atoms
number of subatomic particles
protons
neutron
-units of matter that form all chemical elements ... -smallest u…
what makes elements different
-positive charge ... -make up nucleus of atom
-neutral charge ... -make up nucleus of atom
atoms
-units of matter that form all chemical elements ... -smallest u…
number of subatomic particles
what makes elements different
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