Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 2 basic chemistry"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 2 basic chemistry"

27 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Energy
Chemical energy
Electrical energy
Oxygen (O) atomic number is 8
The ability to do work or put matter into motion.
energy stored in chemical bonds of chemical substances. when…
energy that results from the movement of charged particles. I…
A major component of both organic and inorganic molecules; as…
Energy
The ability to do work or put matter into motion.
Chemical energy
energy stored in chemical bonds of chemical substances. when…
55 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Elements
96% of the body is made from four elem…
Anything that occupies space and has mass (Solid, Liquid, Gas).
The ability to do work (kinetic v. potential). Chemical, Elec…
Fundamental units of matter. Substances that cannot be broken…
Carbon (C) ... Oxygen (O)... Hydrogen (H)... Nitrogen (N)
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass (Solid, Liquid, Gas).
Energy
The ability to do work (kinetic v. potential). Chemical, Elec…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
chemistry
matter
solid matter
liquid matter
the study of matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
has definite shape and volume
has volume but no definite shape, takes the shape of the cont…
chemistry
the study of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
the ability to do work/the ability to put matter into motion
energy of motion
inactive or stored energy
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
energy
the ability to do work/the ability to put matter into motion
Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry ( Anatomy and Physiology)
Chemical Energy
Radioisotopes
Computed Tomography (CT)
Positron-emission Technology (PET)
Changes that do not alter the basic nature of a substance.
Used in minute amounts to tag biological molecules.
A refined version of the X-Ray.
Excels in observing metabolic processes.
Chemical Energy
Changes that do not alter the basic nature of a substance.
Radioisotopes
Used in minute amounts to tag biological molecules.
87 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Nucleotide
RNA
Calcium
Phosphorus
An organic compound that consists of a pentose sugar, a phosp…
A nucleic Acid that is a single strand of nucleotides; essent…
Provides strength in the bones and teeth... Necessary for blood…
Provides strength to bone and teeth ... Part of DNA, RNA, and AT…
Nucleotide
An organic compound that consists of a pentose sugar, a phosp…
RNA
A nucleic Acid that is a single strand of nucleotides; essent…
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Base
Chemical energy
Fatty acids
Radiant (electromagnetic) energy
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
Linear chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms (hydrocarbon chain…
Energy form that travels in waves.
Base
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Chemical energy
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
40 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2: Some basic chemistry
Element
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
The simplest chemicals made of only one type of atom, which m…
smallest part of an element that have characteristics of that…
has a positive electrical charge and is found in the nucleus…
is neutral and is found in the nucleus.
Element
The simplest chemicals made of only one type of atom, which m…
Atoms
smallest part of an element that have characteristics of that…
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Base
Chemical energy
Fatty acids
Radiant (electromagnetic) energy
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
Linear chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms (hydrocarbon chain…
Energy form that travels in waves.
Base
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions; a proton a…
Chemical energy
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances.
55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2 - basic chemistry
element
atoms
neutron
electron
simplest form of matter ... C- carbon... H- hydrogen... O- oxygen... N- n…
smallest unit of matter that retain the properties of an elem…
no charge
negative charge
element
simplest form of matter ... C- carbon... H- hydrogen... O- oxygen... N- n…
atoms
smallest unit of matter that retain the properties of an elem…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
chemistry
matter
solid matter
liquid matter
the study of matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
has definite shape and volume
has volume but no definite shape, takes the shape of the cont…
chemistry
the study of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
Anatomy and physiology basic chemistry chapter 2
matter
elements
protons
neutrons
anything that occupies space and has weight
makes up matter and cannot be broken down by ordinary chemica…
positive charged particle in nucleus
neutral charged particle in the nucleus
matter
anything that occupies space and has weight
elements
makes up matter and cannot be broken down by ordinary chemica…
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Anything that occupies space and has mass. The "stuff" in the…
The ability to do work or to put matter into motion.
When energy is actually doing work (moving objects)
When energy is inactive or stored
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. The "stuff" in the…
Energy
The ability to do work or to put matter into motion.
Anatomy & physiology chapter 2 basic chemistry
Matter
Energy
Elements
96 percent of the body is made from fo…
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
The ability to do work Chemical... •Electrical... •Mechanical... •Radi…
fundamental units of matte
Carbon (C) ... •Oxygen (O)... •Hydrogen (H)... •Nitrogen (N)
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
Energy
The ability to do work Chemical... •Electrical... •Mechanical... •Radi…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Chemistry
Biochemistry
Matter
Atoms
Studies composition of substances and how they changes or rea…
The chemistry of living organism, help to explain physiology…
Anything that occupies space & has mass
Basic unit of life.... -Smallest participle of an element
Chemistry
Studies composition of substances and how they changes or rea…
Biochemistry
The chemistry of living organism, help to explain physiology…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
What is the primary function for carbo…
What are the three classes of carbohyd…
What are the 5 monosaccharides?
What is the most important monosacchar…
provide source of energy
polysaccharides, monosaccharides, and disaccharides
glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose, and deoxyribose
Glucose ; blood sugar used by cells for energy
What is the primary function for carbo…
provide source of energy
What are the three classes of carbohyd…
polysaccharides, monosaccharides, and disaccharides
21 terms
Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry ( Anatomy and Physiology)
Chemical Energy
Radioisotopes
Computed Tomography (CT)
Positron-emission Technology (PET)
Changes that do not alter the basic nature of a substance.
Used in minute amounts to tag biological molecules.
A refined version of the X-Ray.
Excels in observing metabolic processes.
Chemical Energy
Changes that do not alter the basic nature of a substance.
Radioisotopes
Used in minute amounts to tag biological molecules.
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2, Basic Chemistry
matter
solid matter
liquid matter
gaseous matter
anything that occupies space and has mass; the "stuff" of the…
has definite shape
has definite volume, but conforms to the shape of its container
has neither definite shape more a definitive volume
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass; the "stuff" of the…
solid matter
has definite shape
Anatomy Chapter 2- Basic Chemistry
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
important monosaccharides
disaccharide
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose and deoxyribose
double sugars, formed when two simple sugars are joined by a…
carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
monosaccharide
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
40 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2 Practice Test (Basic Chemistry)
A cell's energy requirements are met b…
Disaccharides are formed by which type…
Which of the following statements rega…
Chemical activity between atoms usuall…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Dehydration synthesis.... Disaccharides, or double sugars, for…
Hydrogen bonds are the strong bonds which help to maintain th…
outer shell electrons.
A cell's energy requirements are met b…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Disaccharides are formed by which type…
Dehydration synthesis.... Disaccharides, or double sugars, for…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry key terms
element
atom
isotope
ionic bond
substance composed of only one type of atom
fundamental unit of an element; the smallest unit of an eleme…
atom that has the same number of protons and electrons but a…
bond formed by the exchange of electrons between atoms/caused…
element
substance composed of only one type of atom
atom
fundamental unit of an element; the smallest unit of an eleme…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
122 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
3 Forms Of Matter:
the science of structure and interactions of matter.
All living and non living things consist of this which is any…
the amount of matter in any object, which does not change. Wh…
Solid, Liquid, and Gas
Chemistry
the science of structure and interactions of matter.
Matter
All living and non living things consist of this which is any…
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Chemistry
Protons and neutrons
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic mass
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic number
The particle(s) shared during covalent bond formation
The particle(s) that differ between isotopes
Protons and neutrons
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic mass
Protons
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic number
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2a Basic Chemistry
Matter
3 Major Matter Forms
Solids
Liquids
Is anything that occupies space. It has mass and volume
Solid, Liquid, and Gas
Have a definite shape and volume. Non-compressible
Have a set volume, but no set shape. They take the shape of t…
Matter
Is anything that occupies space. It has mass and volume
3 Major Matter Forms
Solid, Liquid, and Gas
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2b Basic Chemistry
Ionization
Dissociation
3 types of Dissociation
Acids
The process that forms ions. The opposite of dissociation. Li…
Is ionization by a molecule fragmenting into smaller ions. Op…
Acids, Bases, Salts
Dissociate into hydrogen (H+) ions and anion... HCl -> h+ + Cl-…
Ionization
The process that forms ions. The opposite of dissociation. Li…
Dissociation
Is ionization by a molecule fragmenting into smaller ions. Op…
Physiology Chapter 2- Basic Chemistry
Matter
Physcial
Chemical
Kinetic
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Type of change that does not alter the basic nature of a subs…
Type of change that alters the basic nature of a substance
Type of energy that results from doing work
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Physcial
Type of change that does not alter the basic nature of a subs…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry AAHS Mrs. McKeever
How can energy be measured?
Explain the relationship between matte…
What are the 4 forms of energy?
What does chemical energy do? Give an…
it has no mass and does not take up so it is only measured on…
Matter is the substance and energy is the mover of the substa…
Chemical, electrical, mechanical, radiant
-Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of chemical substance…
How can energy be measured?
it has no mass and does not take up so it is only measured on…
Explain the relationship between matte…
Matter is the substance and energy is the mover of the substa…
Physiology Chapter 2- Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
takes up space and has mass
-Massless and takes up no space ... -measured by effect on matter
Stored energy
Energy in motion
Matter
takes up space and has mass
Energy
-Massless and takes up no space ... -measured by effect on matter
26 terms
The Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2 Self Test (Basic Chemistry)
Energy that is inactive or stored is c…
All forms of energy exhibit which of t…
Matter is found in the following state…
Which of the following statements corr…
Potential.
Potential and kinetic.
Solid, gas, liquid.
Energy conversions are easily accomplished most of the time,…
Energy that is inactive or stored is c…
Potential.
All forms of energy exhibit which of t…
Potential and kinetic.
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
The Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2 Self Test (Basic Chemistry)
Energy that is inactive or stored is c…
All forms of energy exhibit which of t…
Matter is found in the following state…
Which of the following statements corr…
Potential.
Potential and kinetic.
Solid, gas, liquid.
Energy conversions are easily accomplished most of the time,…
Energy that is inactive or stored is c…
Potential.
All forms of energy exhibit which of t…
Potential and kinetic.
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
matter
physical change
chemical change
energy
anything that occupies space and has mass
doesn't alter basic nature of substance
alters composition of substance
ability to do work
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
physical change
doesn't alter basic nature of substance
104 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry--- REVIEW OF CHAPTER
matter
solid, liquid, gas
physically or chemically
physical
anything that occupies space and has mass
Matter may exist as one of what three states?
Matter may be changed in what two ways?
What kind of change occurs when the basic nature of a substan…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
solid, liquid, gas
Matter may exist as one of what three states?
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2; Chemistry
nucleus
electrons
neutrons
protons
the dense central core of an atom
negatively charged particles
neutral (no charge) particles
positively charged particles
nucleus
the dense central core of an atom
electrons
negatively charged particles
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2 Practice Test (Basic Chemistry)
A cell's energy requirements are met b…
Disaccharides are formed by which type…
Which of the following statements rega…
Chemical activity between atoms usuall…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Dehydration synthesis.... Disaccharides, or double sugars, for…
Hydrogen bonds are the strong bonds which help to maintain th…
outer shell electrons.
A cell's energy requirements are met b…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Disaccharides are formed by which type…
Dehydration synthesis.... Disaccharides, or double sugars, for…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 : Chemistry
Acids
Bases
pH
Organic Chemicals
releases H⁺ in water (due to weak bond)
Collects H⁺ to neutralize it (strong bonds)
1 pH unit is equal to a 10x change in acidity
Contian both hydrogen and carbon... - Carbohydrates... - Lipids... - P…
Acids
releases H⁺ in water (due to weak bond)
Bases
Collects H⁺ to neutralize it (strong bonds)
78 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2 (Chemistry)
atom
atom structure
valence shells (energy levels)
atomic number
smallest stable unit of matter
proton (p+), neutron (n°), electron (e-)
2, 8, 8....
number of protons
atom
smallest stable unit of matter
atom structure
proton (p+), neutron (n°), electron (e-)
119 terms
CH. 2 Basic Chemistry for Anatomy and Physiology
Matter
Mass
Weight
Energy
Anything that occupies space and has mass
The amount of material in an object; always constant
Varies with gravity
The capacity to do work (put matter into motion); no mass or…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass
The amount of material in an object; always constant
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2: Chemistry
3 types of mixtures
Ions
Atoms
Hydrogen bonds
1. Solution- solute+ solvent... 2. Colloid- particles don't sett…
Protons not equal to electrons, giving elemental atom a charge
Smallest particle of energy with identity. Made of proton, ne…
Not a true bond. Strong dipole-dipole attractions seen in wat…
3 types of mixtures
1. Solution- solute+ solvent... 2. Colloid- particles don't sett…
Ions
Protons not equal to electrons, giving elemental atom a charge
59 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry Anatomy and Physiology
molecule
polar molecule
compound
anion
particle consisting of 2 or more atoms joined together by che…
unequal sharing by the atoms with different electron attracti…
composed of 2 or more different elements ... example: H²O
an ion carrying one or more negative charges and therefore at…
molecule
particle consisting of 2 or more atoms joined together by che…
polar molecule
unequal sharing by the atoms with different electron attracti…
Anatomy Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry
Matter
What is matter composed of?
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Is equal to the number of protons
The total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of th…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
What is matter composed of?
Elements
77 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Acids (proton donors)
Amino acids
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Atomic mass
A substance that liberates hyrdrogen ions when in an aqueous…
An organic compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, an…
The compound that is the important intracellular energy sourc…
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus…
Acids (proton donors)
A substance that liberates hyrdrogen ions when in an aqueous…
Amino acids
An organic compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, an…
Basic Chemistry (Chapter 2) - Anatomy
Essential Elements
Function of Carbohydrates
Function of Lipids
Function of Proteins
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Sodium, Potassium
immediate source of energy, plasma and cell wall component
provides twice the amount of energy as carbs, part of plasma…
support, catalyst, transport, chemical messengers, and protec…
Essential Elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Sodium, Potassium
Function of Carbohydrates
immediate source of energy, plasma and cell wall component
Anatomy Chapter 2-Basic Chemistry
Atomic number
Atomic mass number
Molecule(Compound)
Ions
Equal to the number of protons that the atoms contain
Sum of the protons and neutrons
two or more different atoms combined chemically by either a c…
charged particles
Atomic number
Equal to the number of protons that the atoms contain
Atomic mass number
Sum of the protons and neutrons
72 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 2 chemistry
matter
states of matter
energy
types of energy
anything that takes up space and has mass
solid(definite shape and volume), liquid(changeable shape def…
capacity to do work or put matter into motion
kinetic and potential
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
states of matter
solid(definite shape and volume), liquid(changeable shape def…
47 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Elements
Atoms
Anything that takes up space or has mass
The ability to do work (Chemical, Electrical, Mechanical, and…
Fundamental units of matter (C,O,H,N)
Building blocks of elements
Matter
Anything that takes up space or has mass
Energy
The ability to do work (Chemical, Electrical, Mechanical, and…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: CH 2 -Basic Chemistry
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
•contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen... •include sugars and sta…
simple sugars
two simple sugars joined by dehydration synthesis
long, branching chains of linked simple sugars
carbohydrates
•contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen... •include sugars and sta…
monosaccharides
simple sugars
65 terms
anatomy chapter 2 basic chemistry
matter
energy
elements
What are the four elements that make u…
anything that occupies space and has mass
ability to do work
fundamental units of matter
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
energy
ability to do work
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