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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 2"

373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
53 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ino…
water
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
inorganic substances
most abundant compound in living material. major component of…
organic molecules
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
The Chemical Level of Organization
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Ability to do work
Stored energy
Energy in motion
The Chemical Level of Organization
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Energy
Ability to do work
201 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass is the amount of matter in any object which does not cha…
The force of gravity acting on matter does change
Chemistry
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
361 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
124 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
matter exists in
physical changes
chemical changes
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
do not alter the basic nature of a substance (ex. cutting foo…
do alter the composition of the substance (ex. fermenting gra…
Matter
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
matter exists in
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Functional protein.
Nucleotide
Monosaccharide
Polymer
2
4
1
3
Functional protein.
2
Nucleotide
4
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The amount of material in matter
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, and electrons
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
The amount of material in matter
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
130 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
solid, liquid, and gas
solids
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
what are the three states of matter?
have definite shape and volume
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
dense regular
dense irregular
areolar
adipose
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
What 4 elements make up 96% of all liv…
What is oxygen responsible for in an a…
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Any of 112 known substances that can not be separated into sm…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Necessary for cellular energy
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Element
Any of 112 known substances that can not be separated into sm…
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atom
Atoms are composed of
anything that has weight and occupies space
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
the smallest unit of an element
Protons (+), Electrons (-), and neuron (0)
Matter
anything that has weight and occupies space
Elements
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
184 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology
The part or organelle of the cell cons…
The building blocks of all living matt…
The thymus gland is located in the ___…
The umbilicus is located on the ______…
Mitochondria
Cells
Thoracic
Ventral
The part or organelle of the cell cons…
Mitochondria
The building blocks of all living matt…
Cells
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Anion
Atom
Cation
Compound
Negatively charged ion
The most basic building block of all substance in the univers…
Positively charged ions
Molecule that may be formed by the combination of two or more…
Anion
Negatively charged ion
Atom
The most basic building block of all substance in the univers…
115 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2
What is the simplest level of organiza…
The human body is composed ___.
what is matter composed of
Matter can come in three forms
Atoms, ions and molecules aka chemical level
Matter
Atoms
Solid, liquid, and gas
What is the simplest level of organiza…
Atoms, ions and molecules aka chemical level
The human body is composed ___.
Matter
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
matter
types of matter
mass
weight
anything that occupies space and has mass
solid, liquid, gas
amount of matter in an object
gravitational force acting on an object
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
types of matter
solid, liquid, gas
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
85 terms
anatomy and Physiology chapter 2
chemistry
biochemistry
matter
elements
considers composition of substances and how they change; stud…
branch of science dealing with chemistry of living organisms
anything that has weight and takes up space; solid, liquid, gas
fundamental substance made of atoms that are chemically ident…
chemistry
considers composition of substances and how they change; stud…
biochemistry
branch of science dealing with chemistry of living organisms
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Anything that occupies space and has m…
Solid, Liquid, and gaseous are all Sta…
The weight of something is based on __…
What are the two types of energy?
Matter
Matter
The pull of gravity on its mass.
Kinetic and Potential
Anything that occupies space and has m…
Matter
Solid, Liquid, and gaseous are all Sta…
Matter
73 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 2
Chemistry
Why is chemistry essential for anatomy…
Matter
Elements
The branch of science that considers the composition of matte…
Body structures and functions result from chemical changes wi…
-Anything that has mass(weight) and takes up space... -Comes in…
Make up all matter
Chemistry
The branch of science that considers the composition of matte…
Why is chemistry essential for anatomy…
Body structures and functions result from chemical changes wi…
94 terms
Chapter 2: Anatomy & Physiology
respiration
inspriation
expiration
alveoli
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
breathing in
breathing out
small hallows or cavities in a structure
respiration
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
inspriation
breathing in
48 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
element
atom
the study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Smallest particle of an element
chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
Skeletal System
Periosteum
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
the bones of the body
outside layer of the bone
thick hard second layer of bone
network of pores and tunnels in center of bone
Skeletal System
the bones of the body
Periosteum
outside layer of the bone
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2.5
carbon skeleton
hydrocarbon
macromolecule
macro-
a chain of carbon atoms (C-C-C-C)
a molecule with carbon and many hydrogen.
large organic molecules
large
carbon skeleton
a chain of carbon atoms (C-C-C-C)
hydrocarbon
a molecule with carbon and many hydrogen.
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
122 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2: Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
3 Forms Of Matter:
the science of structure and interactions of matter.
All living and non living things consist of this which is any…
the amount of matter in any object, which does not change. Wh…
Solid, Liquid, and Gas
Chemistry
the science of structure and interactions of matter.
Matter
All living and non living things consist of this which is any…
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
The Chemical Level of Organization
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Ability to do work
Stored energy
Energy in motion
The Chemical Level of Organization
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Energy
Ability to do work
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 2
biochemistry
elements
compounds
bulk elements
field of life science that helps explain physiological proces…
fundamental substances that make up all matter
chemical combinations made up of two or more elements
elements that the body requires in large amounts
biochemistry
field of life science that helps explain physiological proces…
elements
fundamental substances that make up all matter
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Organic Chemistry
Hydroxyl
Methyl
Carboxyl
The study of compounds containing Carbon
—OH
—CH3
—OOH
Organic Chemistry
The study of compounds containing Carbon
Hydroxyl
—OH
51 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 2
matter
mixtures
homogeneous mixtures
heterogenenous mixtures
anything that occupies space and has mass
variable composition
solutions and well stirred mixtures
multi-phase mixtures, poorly stirred fluids
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
mixtures
variable composition
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
States of matter:
Solid (describe)
Liquid (describe)
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
definite shape and volume
definite volume, changeable shape
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
States of matter:
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Atom
Elements
Protons
Neutrons
The smallest stable unit of matter
Substance which all units of life are composed of
Positively charged particle
Neutrally charged particle
Atom
The smallest stable unit of matter
Elements
Substance which all units of life are composed of
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