Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 2"

373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ino…
water
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
inorganic substances
most abundant compound in living material. major component of…
organic molecules
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
The Chemical Level of Organization
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Ability to do work
Stored energy
Energy in motion
The Chemical Level of Organization
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Energy
Ability to do work
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atom
Atoms are composed of
anything that has weight and occupies space
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
the smallest unit of an element
Protons (+), Electrons (-), and neuron (0)
Matter
anything that has weight and occupies space
Elements
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
361 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Anabolism
Catabolism
Metabolism
Hydrolysis
Synthesis reactions occurring in the body
Decomposition reactions occurring in the body
All catabolic and anabolic reactions occurring in body
Using water for a reaction
Anabolism
Synthesis reactions occurring in the body
Catabolism
Decomposition reactions occurring in the body
201 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass is the amount of matter in any object which does not cha…
The force of gravity acting on matter does change
Chemistry
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Anion
Atom
Cation
Compound
Negatively charged ion
The most basic building block of all substance in the univers…
Positively charged ions
Molecule that may be formed by the combination of two or more…
Anion
Negatively charged ion
Atom
The most basic building block of all substance in the univers…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The amount of material in matter
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, and electrons
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
The amount of material in matter
124 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
matter exists in
physical changes
chemical changes
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
do not alter the basic nature of a substance (ex. cutting foo…
do alter the composition of the substance (ex. fermenting gra…
Matter
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
matter exists in
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
85 terms
anatomy and Physiology chapter 2
chemistry
biochemistry
matter
elements
considers composition of substances and how they change; stud…
branch of science dealing with chemistry of living organisms
anything that has weight and takes up space; solid, liquid, gas
fundamental substance made of atoms that are chemically ident…
chemistry
considers composition of substances and how they change; stud…
biochemistry
branch of science dealing with chemistry of living organisms
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Anything that occupies space and has m…
Solid, Liquid, and gaseous are all Sta…
The weight of something is based on __…
What are the two types of energy?
Matter
Matter
The pull of gravity on its mass.
Kinetic and Potential
Anything that occupies space and has m…
Matter
Solid, Liquid, and gaseous are all Sta…
Matter
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Functional protein.
Nucleotide
Monosaccharide
Polymer
2
4
1
3
Functional protein.
2
Nucleotide
4
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
130 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
solid, liquid, and gas
solids
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
what are the three states of matter?
have definite shape and volume
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
What 4 elements make up 96% of all liv…
What is oxygen responsible for in an a…
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Any of 112 known substances that can not be separated into sm…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Necessary for cellular energy
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Element
Any of 112 known substances that can not be separated into sm…
184 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology
The part or organelle of the cell cons…
The building blocks of all living matt…
The thymus gland is located in the ___…
The umbilicus is located on the ______…
Mitochondria
Cells
Thoracic
Ventral
The part or organelle of the cell cons…
Mitochondria
The building blocks of all living matt…
Cells
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
matter
types of matter
mass
weight
anything that occupies space and has mass
solid, liquid, gas
amount of matter in an object
gravitational force acting on an object
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
types of matter
solid, liquid, gas
31 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy & Physiology
Amino acids
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Building blocks of protein
The single most important fuel source for body cells
Contain C,H, and O in the ratio CH20
Primary components of bread and lollipops
Amino acids
Building blocks of protein
Carbohydrates
The single most important fuel source for body cells
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2 vocab
Salts
Synthesis reaction
Decomposition reaction
Exchange reaction
An ionic compoubd containing cations other than H+
Molecules combine to form larger molecules
Large molecule breaks up into smaller moleculed
Bonds both made and broken
Salts
An ionic compoubd containing cations other than H+
Synthesis reaction
Molecules combine to form larger molecules
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2.5
carbon skeleton
hydrocarbon
macromolecule
macro-
a chain of carbon atoms (C-C-C-C)
a molecule with carbon and many hydrogen.
large organic molecules
large
carbon skeleton
a chain of carbon atoms (C-C-C-C)
hydrocarbon
a molecule with carbon and many hydrogen.
209 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2
Matter
What are the three forms of matter?
atom
element
a substance that has mass and occupies space
solid, liquid, and gas
the smallest particle that exhibits the chemical properties o…
substance composed of only one atom
Matter
a substance that has mass and occupies space
What are the three forms of matter?
solid, liquid, and gas
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
elements
compounds
atoms
subatomic particles
substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be br…
chemical combination of two or more elements
smallest particle of a chemical element that retains the prop…
particles that make up atoms; neutrons, protons, electrons
elements
substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be br…
compounds
chemical combination of two or more elements
94 terms
Chapter 2: Anatomy & Physiology
respiration
inspriation
expiration
alveoli
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
breathing in
breathing out
small hallows or cavities in a structure
respiration
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
inspriation
breathing in
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
Skeletal System
Periosteum
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
the bones of the body
outside layer of the bone
thick hard second layer of bone
network of pores and tunnels in center of bone
Skeletal System
the bones of the body
Periosteum
outside layer of the bone
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2
What is the difference between energy…
What is the difference between kinetic…
What are the major forms of energy?
Elements
Matter-anything that occupies space and has mass... Energy-the…
Kinetic-energy in motion... Potential-stored energy
1. chemical-energy stored in chemical bond... 2. electrical-resu…
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
What is the difference between energy…
Matter-anything that occupies space and has mass... Energy-the…
What is the difference between kinetic…
Kinetic-energy in motion... Potential-stored energy
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
States of matter:
Solid (describe)
Liquid (describe)
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
definite shape and volume
definite volume, changeable shape
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
States of matter:
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2 Chemistry
Protons and neutrons
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic mass
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic number
The particle(s) shared during covalent bond formation
The particle(s) that differ between isotopes
Protons and neutrons
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic mass
Protons
The particle(s) contributing to the atomic number
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
acromial
calcaneal
gluteal
lumbar
point of shoulder
heal of foot
buttock
area of back between ribs and hips, the loin
acromial
point of shoulder
calcaneal
heal of foot
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Accommodation
Acid
Acidosis
Amino Acid
adaption in response to differences or changing needs
a substance that liberates hydrogen ions when in an aqueous s…
a condition in which the blood has an excess hydrogen ion con…
organic compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and o…
Accommodation
adaption in response to differences or changing needs
Acid
a substance that liberates hydrogen ions when in an aqueous s…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
pH scale
buffers
Describe the metabolic processes of pu…
important inorganic substances
indicates the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
chemicals that resist pH change
an anabolic reaction in which a water molecule is formed as a…
1) water... 2) carbon dioxide... 3) salts
pH scale
indicates the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
buffers
chemicals that resist pH change
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
anything that occupies space and has mass
the capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion
energy in action
stored, or inactive, energy
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
energy
the capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
lowers energy of activation (for colli…
catalyst
more efficient
more product is produced with the same…
Catalysts are substances that...
This increases the rate of a reaction without being chemicall…
Catalyst make things what?
What happens with a catalyst in a reaction?
lowers energy of activation (for colli…
Catalysts are substances that...
catalyst
This increases the rate of a reaction without being chemicall…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
chemistry
iron
anemia
hemochromatosis
deals with the composition of substances and how they change
carries oxygen in red blood cells
What happens when we don't get enough iron?
What happens when we get too much iron?
chemistry
deals with the composition of substances and how they change
iron
carries oxygen in red blood cells
43 terms
Anatomy and physiology Chapter 2
Simplest unit of matter
Synthesis (anabolic)
Decomposition (catabolic)
A+B->AB
Atom
Build or make Ex: 2Na+Cl2->2NaCl
Tears or breaks down Ex: 2NaCl->2NaCl2
reactants, yields, products
Simplest unit of matter
Atom
Synthesis (anabolic)
Build or make Ex: 2Na+Cl2->2NaCl
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Proton, neutron, and electron
oxidation number
Periodic Table of Elements
ionic bond
Describe the major parts of an atom and its structure:
number of valence electrons in the outermost-orbital
Each box represents an element and contains the symbol for th…
a bond between two elements in which one element gives up one…
Proton, neutron, and electron
Describe the major parts of an atom and its structure:
oxidation number
number of valence electrons in the outermost-orbital
25 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 2
glucose
polymer
glycogen
amino acid
a monosaccharide, simple sugar, that circulates the blood
a molecule made of many similar subunits
polymer of glucose that is found in animals
building blocks of proteins
glucose
a monosaccharide, simple sugar, that circulates the blood
polymer
a molecule made of many similar subunits
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology
potential energy
kinetic energy
mechanical energy
chemical energy
stored energy, that can do work if released
energy that does work and moves matter
energy that results from the location of an object
potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds
potential energy
stored energy, that can do work if released
kinetic energy
energy that does work and moves matter
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Chemical symbol
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass and is made up of o…
A single pure substance consisting of only one type of atom.
Letter used to reference each element.
Smallest unit of an element that retains the unique propertie…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass and is made up of o…
Element
A single pure substance consisting of only one type of atom.
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
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