Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 6 bone structure"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 6 bone structure"

69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bone Structure
functions of bone
support
storage
blood cell production
support, storage, blood cell production, protection, leverage
framework for attachment of tissues and organs
triglycerides in yellow bone marrow, reservoir of minerals, e…
made in red bone marrow
functions of bone
support, storage, blood cell production, protection, leverage
support
framework for attachment of tissues and organs
27 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 (Bone Structure)
Bone Markings
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Short, irregular, and flat bones consi…
Projections, depressions, and openings found on the surface o…
A dense outer layer of all bone that appears smooth and solid
Internal to compact bone, which consists of honeycomb, needle…
Thin plates of periosteum-covered compact bone on the outside…
Bone Markings
Projections, depressions, and openings found on the surface o…
Compact Bone
A dense outer layer of all bone that appears smooth and solid
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Hematopoiesis
Categories of Bones
Long Bones
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
"Making red blood cells.
Long Bones, Short Bones, Flat Bones, Irregular Bones, Sesamoi…
Cylindrical & Narrow. Wider at ends. Ex: Femur, Humerus.
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
Hematopoiesis
"Making red blood cells.
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Anatomy & Physiology 101-Chapter 6-Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
Which of the following is a function o…
Which of the following are not compone…
The most abundant mineral in the human…
Which of the following bones is classi…
All of the answers are correct
tendons
hydrogen
vertebra
Which of the following is a function o…
All of the answers are correct
Which of the following are not compone…
tendons
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Hematopoiesis
Categories of Bones
Long Bones
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
"Making red blood cells.
Long Bones, Short Bones, Flat Bones, Irregular Bones, Sesamoi…
Cylindrical & Narrow. Wider at ends. Ex: Femur, Humerus.
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
Hematopoiesis
"Making red blood cells.
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
sutural bones
irregular bones
flat bones
short bones
small, flat , irregularly shaped bones between the flat bones…
complex shaped bones... ex. vertebrae, skull bones, bones of th…
thin, flattened bones ... ex. ribs, scapulae, sternum
small and boxy bones, with approximately equal dimensions... ed…
sutural bones
small, flat , irregularly shaped bones between the flat bones…
irregular bones
complex shaped bones... ex. vertebrae, skull bones, bones of th…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Ossesous Tissues
Matrix
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
______ is a supporting tissue, Contains specialized cells.
The ____ of the bone is very dense & contains deposits of cal…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Diaphysis
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Hematopoiesis
Categories of Bones
Long Bones
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
"Making red blood cells.
Long Bones, Short Bones, Flat Bones, Irregular Bones, Sesamoi…
Cylindrical & Narrow. Wider at ends. Ex: Femur, Humerus.
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
Hematopoiesis
"Making red blood cells.
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bone Structure McConnell Northeast State
Primary Function of the Skeletal System
Primary Function of the Skeletal System
Primary Function of the Skeletal System
Primary Function of the Skeletal System
Storage for minerals and lipids.
Support for the entire body.
Blood cell production. Yellow bone marrow, store house for re…
Protection-Surround soft tissue and organs.
Primary Function of the Skeletal System
Storage for minerals and lipids.
Primary Function of the Skeletal System
Support for the entire body.
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
Functions of Bones
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
-Support ... -Storage of minerals and lipids ... -Blood cell produc…
Long and Thin ... Ex. femur, tibia, fibula, radius, ulna
Small and thick ... Ex. Carpals, Tarsals
Thin with parallel surfaces ... Ex. skull, iliac, scapula
Functions of Bones
-Support ... -Storage of minerals and lipids ... -Blood cell produc…
Long Bones
Long and Thin ... Ex. femur, tibia, fibula, radius, ulna
33 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
Skeletal system includes:
Skeletal functions
Bones classified by
Classifications
Bones, cartilages, ligaments, and connective tissues
Support, storage of minerals (calcium) and lipids (yellow mar…
Shape, internal tissue organization, bone markings (surface m…
Sutural bones, irregular bones, short bones, flat bones, long…
Skeletal system includes:
Bones, cartilages, ligaments, and connective tissues
Skeletal functions
Support, storage of minerals (calcium) and lipids (yellow mar…
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
206
Bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon
axial and appendicular
Middle
How many bones are in the average human adult body?
What are the 4 parts of the skeletal system?
What are the 2 types of skeletal systems?
What does axial mean?
206
How many bones are in the average human adult body?
Bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon
What are the 4 parts of the skeletal system?
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6- Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
206
hyoid bone
obturator foramen
26
how many bones are in the adult human body?
what bone isn't connected to any other bone?
what is the largest foramen in the body?
how many bones are in the adult human vertebrae?
206
how many bones are in the adult human body?
hyoid bone
what bone isn't connected to any other bone?
60 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Hematopoiesis
Categories of Bones
Long Bones
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
"Making red blood cells.
Long Bones, Short Bones, Flat Bones, Irregular Bones, Sesamoi…
Cylindrical & Narrow. Wider at ends. Ex: Femur, Humerus.
5 major functions of bone SSBPL
Support, protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis.
Hematopoiesis
"Making red blood cells.
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6- Osseous structure and bone tissue
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoblasts
Endochondrial ossification
Chondrocytes (cartilage cell)
(grows from inside-out)- begin by producing collagen fibers (…
Deposit bone in connective tissue; deposited layers move towa…
Begins with formation of a cartilaginous model
Near the center of the shaft, enlarge and matrix begins to ca…
Intramembranous ossification
(grows from inside-out)- begin by producing collagen fibers (…
Osteoblasts
Deposit bone in connective tissue; deposited layers move towa…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
21 terms
Chapter 6 - Anatomy & Physiology (6.6 Bone Markings - Macroscopic Structure of Bones)
bone markings
process
ramus (bridge-like)
trochanter (large)
bumps, holes, and ridges found all over the surface and indic…
any projection or bump
an extension of a bone making an angle with the rest of the s…
a large, rough projection
bone markings
bumps, holes, and ridges found all over the surface and indic…
process
any projection or bump
17 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, & Disease. Chapter 6. Bone surface structures.
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
Bones that are longer than they are wide and are found in you…
Bones that are fairly equal in width and length, similar to a…
Thinner bones that can be either flat or curved and are plate…
Odd-shaped bones needed to connect to other bones.
Long bones
Bones that are longer than they are wide and are found in you…
Short bones
Bones that are fairly equal in width and length, similar to a…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Anatomy and physiology chapter 6 bones & bone growth
ossification
endchondrial ossification
intramembranous ossification
postnatal growth in length
the process of bone forming
bone develops by replacing hyaline cartilage
bone develops from fibrous membrane;forms bones of skull and…
mimics endochondrial ossification
ossification
the process of bone forming
endchondrial ossification
bone develops by replacing hyaline cartilage
39 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 6 - Bone Tissue
Osteology
Red bone marrow
Periosteum
Compact bone
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglo…
Bone covering essential for growth, repair, and nutrition. Ma…
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Osteology
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Red bone marrow
Hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglo…
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 6 - Bone Tissue
Osteology
Hemopoiesis
Red bone marrow
Yellow bone marrow
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Blood cell production
Hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglo…
Gradually replaces red bone marrow in adult bones; functions…
Osteology
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Hemopoiesis
Blood cell production
Anatomy and Physiology: Bone Structure
Femur Bone
Articular Cartilage
Spongy Bone
Space containing red marrow
Articulates movement in the joint.
Its light so the organism can actually move around.
Femur Bone
Articular Cartilage
Articulates movement in the joint.
163 terms
Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bone
Bone
Cancellous
Cortical
Periosteum
Second hardest substance in the body. ... Composed of cells emb…
Or also called the Trabecular Bone: light and spongy
Also known as the compact bone which is dense and heavy
Membrane that covers outer surfaces of bones. ... The outer laye…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body. ... Composed of cells emb…
Cancellous
Or also called the Trabecular Bone: light and spongy
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Bone and Skeletal Tissues
Skeletal Cartilage
Perichondrium
3 Main types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
"Glass like, blue tint, provides support, flexibility
Skeletal Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Perichondrium
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Bone
Which type of cartilage is most plenti…
What two body structures contain flexi…
Cartilage grows by interstitial growth…
What are the components of the axial s…
Hyaline cartilage.
The epiglottis and external ear cartilage.
Interstitial growth is growth from within the body.
The components of the axial skeleton are the skull, the verte…
Which type of cartilage is most plenti…
Hyaline cartilage.
What two body structures contain flexi…
The epiglottis and external ear cartilage.
Bone Structure Anatomy & Physiology
Diaphysis
Epiphyseal Plate
Epiphysis
Bone Marrow
scientific name for bone shaft, site of compact bone in adult
site of longitudinal growth in a child
site of spongy bone in adult
material responsible for bone cell formation
Diaphysis
scientific name for bone shaft, site of compact bone in adult
Epiphyseal Plate
site of longitudinal growth in a child
163 terms
Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bone
Bone
Cancellous
Cortical
Periosteum
Second hardest substance in the body. ... Composed of cells emb…
Or also called the Trabecular Bone: light and spongy
Also known as the compact bone which is dense and heavy
Membrane that covers outer surfaces of bones. ... The outer laye…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body. ... Composed of cells emb…
Cancellous
Or also called the Trabecular Bone: light and spongy
Anatomy & Physiology (Bones Chapter 6)
What are the four types of tissues tha…
Epithelial Tissue
Characteristics of Epithelial Tissue
Functions of Epithelia
Epithelial, Connective, muscle, and neural
Covers body surfaces, lines body cavities, lines tubular stru…
1.Cellularity (cell junctions)... 2. Polarity (apical and basal…
Provide physical protection... Control permeability... Provide sens…
What are the four types of tissues tha…
Epithelial, Connective, muscle, and neural
Epithelial Tissue
Covers body surfaces, lines body cavities, lines tubular stru…
36 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 6; bone tissue
hematopoiesis
calcification
osteoblasts
osteocytes
a process that produces red blood cells, white blood cells, a…
collagen fibers of the extracellular matrix crystalize and th…
bone building cells that synthesize and secrete collagen fibe…
mature bone cells that maintain its daily metabolism (exchang…
hematopoiesis
a process that produces red blood cells, white blood cells, a…
calcification
collagen fibers of the extracellular matrix crystalize and th…
37 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 6; Bone tissue
functions of the skeletal system
hematopoiesis
bone tissue
osteogenic cells
1. provides support ... 2. protection ... 3. assit in movements ... 4.…
formation of red blood cells in red bone marrow
a hard mineralized connective tissue
mesochymel stem cells that can differentiate into osteoblasts
functions of the skeletal system
1. provides support ... 2. protection ... 3. assit in movements ... 4.…
hematopoiesis
formation of red blood cells in red bone marrow
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Bone and Skeletal Tissues
Skeletal Cartilage
Perichondrium
3 Main types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
"Glass like, blue tint, provides support, flexibility
Skeletal Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Perichondrium
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bone Tissue
Support
Protection
Movement
Mineral storage and homeostasis
forms the framework of the body.
encloses vital organs (heart, brain, lungs).
along with the muscles, helps move the body
stores calcium, phosphate.
Support
forms the framework of the body.
Protection
encloses vital organs (heart, brain, lungs).
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 6 Bone Tissue
Spongy Bone
Compact Bone
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
very porous, found in bone interior. Contains red marrow
very dense, found along surfaces of bones
central shaft of bone
expanded ends of bone (epi-end)
Spongy Bone
very porous, found in bone interior. Contains red marrow
Compact Bone
very dense, found along surfaces of bones
53 terms
Chapter 6: bones Anatomy and Physiology
The lining of the marrow cavity.
Cells that can dissolve the bony matrix.
Layers of bone matrix.
Small channels that radiate through th…
Endosteum
Osteoclasts
Lamellae
Canaliculi
The lining of the marrow cavity.
Endosteum
Cells that can dissolve the bony matrix.
Osteoclasts
19 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Bone Markings
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection: may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (ex: femur)
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection: may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Bones chapter 6
skeletal cartilage
Cartilage
perichondrium
the three types of cartilage tissues
-made of a variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body…
-consists primarily of water, which is responsible for it's r…
-acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when the cart…
hyaline, elastic, and fibro... -all contain chondrocytes encased…
skeletal cartilage
-made of a variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body…
Cartilage
-consists primarily of water, which is responsible for it's r…
54 terms
Anatomy&Physiology: Bones Chapter 6
Bone functions (7)
what minerals are stored and how does…
Hematopoiesis
triglyceride
support, protection, movement, mineral and growth factor stor…
calcium and phosphate. ... stored minerals release into the bloo…
blood cell formation, occurs in red marrow cavities
fat is stored in bone cavities for a source of energy
Bone functions (7)
support, protection, movement, mineral and growth factor stor…
what minerals are stored and how does…
calcium and phosphate. ... stored minerals release into the bloo…
60 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 6 - Bone Tissue
Osteology
Hemopoiesis
Red bone marrow
Yellow bone marrow
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Blood cell production
Hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglo…
Gradually replaces red bone marrow in adult bones; functions…
Osteology
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Hemopoiesis
Blood cell production
19 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy and Physiology Bone Markings
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (the only examp…
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue & Bone Structure 10/19/15
Epiphysis
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
Diaphysis
diploë
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
Shaft of long bone. Heavy wall of compact bone,& has central…
Within the cranium, the layer of spongy bone between the comp…
Epiphysis
This structure of long bone is mostly spongy bone, covered wi…
Compact bone is the outer layer of the…
What are are the differences between compact, and spongy bone?
36 terms
Chapter 6 anatomy & physiology : Bone tissue
bone
compact bone
spongy bone
cartilage
highly vascularized C.T. with a hard mineralized extracellula…
good at providing protection and support. it forms the diaphy…
lightweight and provides tissue support; forms much of the ep…
poorly vascularized C.T. with a matrix composed of chondroiti…
bone
highly vascularized C.T. with a hard mineralized extracellula…
compact bone
good at providing protection and support. it forms the diaphy…
16 terms
Chapter 6 Bone Descriptions-Anatomy & Physiology
frontal
parietal
occipital
temporal
forms forehead and roof of orbits (eye sockets)
posterior to frontal bones and from roof of cranium
posterior, inferior part of cranium
on either side of cranium and zygomatic arches, housing the o…
frontal
forms forehead and roof of orbits (eye sockets)
parietal
posterior to frontal bones and from roof of cranium
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