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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapter 8"

39 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/DIAPHYSIS (SHA…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/MEDULLARY CAVITY
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
HOLLOW TUBE OF HARD COMPACT BONE
HOLLOW SPACE INSIDE THE DIAPHYSIS THAT CONTAINS YELLOW MARROW
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
237 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
what is the axial skeleton
what is the appendicular skeleton
what are the sesamoid bones
what are sutural bones
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain. Pa…
having extra bones, another reason for adult variation, also…
what is the axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
what is the appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic
Lumbar Vertebrae
3 Classes of Joints by Freedom of Move…
(7)-body is oval (wider from side to side), spinous process i…
(12)-body is roughly heart shaped and bears two small facets,…
(5)-pedicles and laminae are shorter and thicker than those o…
diarthroses (freely movable), amphiarthroses (slightly movabl…
Cervical Vertebrae
(7)-body is oval (wider from side to side), spinous process i…
Thoracic
(12)-body is roughly heart shaped and bears two small facets,…
90 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Joints
Joints functions
Joints structural classificatication
Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-dense connective tissues connect bones... -between bones in clo…
hyaline cartilage or fibricartilage connect bones
Joints functions
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
Joints structural classificatication
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
59 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
By Motion or By Connecting Material
Synarthrotic
Amphiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
How are joints classified?
This type of joint is immovable.
This type of joint is slightly movable.
This type of joint moves freely.
By Motion or By Connecting Material
How are joints classified?
Synarthrotic
This type of joint is immovable.
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
tendons
insertion
origin
aponeuroses
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
pulled toward its less movable attachment
flattened sheetlike tendons
tendons
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
insertion
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Autonomic Nervous System
Axon
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Dendrite
The involuntary portion of the nervous system that is involve…
Neuron process that carries impulses AWAY from the cell body.
The portion of the nervous system composed of the brain and s…
A neuron that carries impulses TOWARDS the cell body.
Autonomic Nervous System
The involuntary portion of the nervous system that is involve…
Axon
Neuron process that carries impulses AWAY from the cell body.
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
number of bones in typical adult skele…
number of bone at birth
forms the central supporting axis of the body... -skull, auditor…
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle, and…
206... -varies with development of sesamoid bones and presence o…
270 (decreases with fusion)
axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body... -skull, auditor…
appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle, and…
129 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Face
Arm (shoulder)
Forearm/Elbow
Wrist
Orbicularis oculi-Eye closing... Orbicularis oris-Mouth closing…
Coracobrachialis-flexors (lifts arms straight up) ... Deltoid-A…
Biceps brachii-Flexors (up)... Triceps brachii-Extensors (arm s…
Flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris-flexors (down)... E…
Face
Orbicularis oculi-Eye closing... Orbicularis oris-Mouth closing…
Arm (shoulder)
Coracobrachialis-flexors (lifts arms straight up) ... Deltoid-A…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Function
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Compact Bone
supports body weight, stores important minerals
Contains Skull, Hyoid, Vertebral Column, Thoracic cage
Contains pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower l…
Dense, hard tissue composed of osteons. Also shafts of long b…
Function
supports body weight, stores important minerals
Axial Skeleton
Contains Skull, Hyoid, Vertebral Column, Thoracic cage
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
The appendicular skeleton in primarily…
Appendicular skeleton in the _________…
Pectoral Girdle
PECTORAL GIRDLE... Clavicle
Movement
Appendages
Includes clavicle and scapula
s-shaped... Medial end articulates with manubrium of sternum... Lat…
The appendicular skeleton in primarily…
Movement
Appendicular skeleton in the _________…
Appendages
237 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
what is the axial skeleton
what is the appendicular skeleton
what are the sesamoid bones
what are sutural bones
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain. Pa…
having extra bones, another reason for adult variation, also…
what is the axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
what is the appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb, pectoral girdle, and th…
41 terms
holes anatomy and physiology chapter 8
frontalis
occipitalis
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrows
chewing muscles
together they flex the head forward
frontalis
raises eyebrows
occipitalis
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 8
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricle(s)
Pulmonary Veins
Myocardium
The "rooms" at the top of the heart
The "rooms" at the bottom of the heart
Veins that carry blood from the lungs to the heart
The heart muscle
Atria (Atrium)
The "rooms" at the top of the heart
Ventricle(s)
The "rooms" at the bottom of the heart
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Structure of a Skeletal Muscle
Fascia
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
each muscle is an organ, comprised of skeletal muscle tissue,…
the outermost layer of dense connective tissue that surrounds…
Muscle
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
Skeletal Muscle
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Joints
suture
fibrous joints
bursae
tendon sheath
occur only between bones of the skull
joined by collagen fibers, most are non moveable
flattened fibrous sacs lined with synovial membrane. occur wh…
elongated bursae that wraps completely around a tendon subjec…
suture
occur only between bones of the skull
fibrous joints
joined by collagen fibers, most are non moveable
38 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 8
Structural classification of joint
Functional classification of joint
Fibrous joints
Sutures
Focuses on the material binding the bones together (fibrous j…
Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint (synarth…
Bones that are joined by fibrous tissue, namely dense fibrous…
Literally "seams" occur only between bones of hte skull. Join…
Structural classification of joint
Focuses on the material binding the bones together (fibrous j…
Functional classification of joint
Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint (synarth…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
- involuntary, nonstriated ... - cells are spindle - shaped and…
- heart muscle, involuntary... - cells branch frequently (uninuc…
Muscle
a tissue designed for contraction to produce movement in the…
Skeletal Muscle
- striated, voluntary, and multinucleate... - 40- 50% of body we…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
joint
synarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
Places where bones join together
Non - movable
Slightly movable
Freely Movable
joint
Places where bones join together
synarthrotic
Non - movable
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What is a joint?
What are the basic functions of all jo…
How do we classify joints structurally?
What are the three ways to classify a…
the site where two or more bones meet
1. skeletal mobility... 2. hold the skeleton together
based off of the material binding them together and if there…
fibrous, cartilogenous, and synovial
What is a joint?
the site where two or more bones meet
What are the basic functions of all jo…
1. skeletal mobility... 2. hold the skeleton together
43 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 8
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Twitch
Norepinephrine
Sarcomere
Membranous network of channels and tubules within a muscle fi…
Brief Muscular Contraction followed by relaxation
Neurotransmitter released from axons of some nerve fibers
Structual and Functional unit of a myofibril
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Membranous network of channels and tubules within a muscle fi…
Twitch
Brief Muscular Contraction followed by relaxation
80 terms
Chapter 8-Anatomy and Physiology
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
two parts of the fibrous layer
lens
-membrane that lines the eyelids... -connects to outer surface o…
gland; produces lacrimal fluid... canaliculi; drain fluid medial…
sclera; white of eye... cornea; transparent (doesn't reject tran…
biconvex crystal-like structure... held in place by a suspensory…
Conjunctiva
-membrane that lines the eyelids... -connects to outer surface o…
lacrimal glands
gland; produces lacrimal fluid... canaliculi; drain fluid medial…
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8
acetylcholine
actin
agonist
bursitis
neurotransmitter; released at synapses within the nervous sys…
one of the two contractile proteins in muscle cells
muscle that contracts to perform a given movement
inflammation of a bursa
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter; released at synapses within the nervous sys…
actin
one of the two contractile proteins in muscle cells
40 terms
Chapter 8- Anatomy and Physiology
connective tissue under the fascia
section of muscle nearest the orgin
to increase the angles between body pa…
self exciting muscle
epimysium
head
extension
cardiac muscle
connective tissue under the fascia
epimysium
section of muscle nearest the orgin
head
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Tissue
Matrix
Cells that connect body parts
cells that line body organs
A group of similar cells that perform a common functions
non-living intercellular material (could be liquid, solid, et…
-fibroblasts... -Erythrocyte (red blood cells)
-epithelial cells
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform a common functions
Matrix
non-living intercellular material (could be liquid, solid, et…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Epimysium
Type of muscle that is composed of long, thin fibers that are…
Type of muscle that is composed of branched cells (intercalat…
Type of muscle that is composed of spindle shaped cells that…
Fibrous connective sheath that surrounds a well-defined group…
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle that is composed of long, thin fibers that are…
Cardiac muscle
Type of muscle that is composed of branched cells (intercalat…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Actin
Agonist
Antagonists
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Muscle responsible for a particular body movements
A muscle that opposes a prime mover
Actin
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Agonist
Muscle responsible for a particular body movements
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Muscles
Three types of muscle tissues
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
-wall of heart... -involuntary... -autonomic... -striated
-walls of most viscera, blood vessels and skin... -autonomic... -no…
Three types of muscle tissues
-skeletal muscle... -cardiac muscle... -smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
-usually attached to bone... -voluntary... -somatic... -striated
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Antagonist
Fascia
Myofibril
Prime Mover
Muscles that resist a prime mover's action and cause movement…
Layers of connective tissue that separate and individual skel…
Are threadlike and lie parallel to one another. Play a fundam…
A contracting deltoid muscle provides most of the movement al…
Antagonist
Muscles that resist a prime mover's action and cause movement…
Fascia
Layers of connective tissue that separate and individual skel…
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Pinna/auricle
Auditory canal
Tympanic membrane
Tympanic cavity (ossicles)
catches sound waves and passes them along deeper into ear
external acoustic meatus; passes sound waves along to middle/…
eardrum; collides with sound waves brought by auditory canal
amplifies sound waves so they are stronger when entering the…
Pinna/auricle
catches sound waves and passes them along deeper into ear
Auditory canal
external acoustic meatus; passes sound waves along to middle/…
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Skeleton
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
"dried up body"
are longer than they are wide
are shaped like cubes and are found primarily in the wrist an…
are thin, flat, and curved.
Skeleton
"dried up body"
Long Bones
are longer than they are wide
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Matrix
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissues
Muscle Tissue
Surrounded or embedded
Covers and protects the body surface
Support the body and its parts, connect and holds them together
Produces movements
Matrix
Surrounded or embedded
Epithelial Tissue
Covers and protects the body surface
41 terms
holes anatomy and physiology chapter 8
frontalis
occipitalis
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
raises eyebrows
chewing muscles
together they flex the head forward
frontalis
raises eyebrows
occipitalis
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
mastication
deglutition
bolus
rooting reflex
Chewing
Swallowing
A ball or lump of masticated food ready to swallow.
Reflex elicited by tactile contact with the mouth region, wit…
mastication
Chewing
deglutition
Swallowing
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 8
Articulation
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
a joint; the point where two bones come together
immovable joints
slightly movable joints
freely moveable joints
Articulation
a joint; the point where two bones come together
Synarthroses
immovable joints
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 8
synovial, diarthrotic
cartilaginous, amphiarthoses
fibrous, synarthroses
suture
freely movable
slightly movable
immovable
skull (fibrous)
synovial, diarthrotic
freely movable
cartilaginous, amphiarthoses
slightly movable
71 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Prime mover
Agonist
Synergist
Antagonist
Muscle responsible for a particular body movement. Also calle…
Muscle responsible for a body movement. Also called a prime m…
Muscles that assist the action of a prime mover.
A muscle that opposes a prime mover.
Prime mover
Muscle responsible for a particular body movement. Also calle…
Agonist
Muscle responsible for a body movement. Also called a prime m…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What are the only direct connections b…
Where does the clavicle articulate wit…
What is the joint where the sternum an…
What does the head of the humerus arti…
The medial anterior end of each clavicle articulates with the…
The acromion
Sternoclavicular joint
The gleanoid cavity of the scapula
What are the only direct connections b…
The medial anterior end of each clavicle articulates with the…
Where does the clavicle articulate wit…
The acromion
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
Drag the appropriate labels to their r…
Which of the following is NOT a functi…
Which of the following represents a st…
Synarthrotic joints ________.
Suture = Skull... Syndesmosis = Tibia and Fibula... Gomphosis = Teeth
cartilaginous
Synovial
are immovable joints
Drag the appropriate labels to their r…
Suture = Skull... Syndesmosis = Tibia and Fibula... Gomphosis = Teeth
Which of the following is NOT a functi…
cartilaginous
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8
Functional junctions between bones
Study of joints
Study of joint movement
Immovable joints
Articulation
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Synarthrotic
Functional junctions between bones
Articulation
Study of joints
Arthrology
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8: Joints
Joints
Joints functions
Joints structural classificatication
Fibrous joints
are known as articulations
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-dense connective tissues connect bones... -between bones in clo…
Joints
are known as articulations
Joints functions
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What are the only direct connections b…
Where does the clavicle articulate wit…
What is the joint where the sternum an…
What does the head of the humerus arti…
The medial anterior end of each clavicle articulates with the…
The acromion
Sternoclavicular joint
The gleanoid cavity of the scapula
What are the only direct connections b…
The medial anterior end of each clavicle articulates with the…
Where does the clavicle articulate wit…
The acromion
52 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy Physiology
Diarthroses
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Fibrous Joint Classifications
Freely moveable joint.
Immovable joint
Slightly moveable joint
Suture, Syndesmosis, Gomphosis
Diarthroses
Freely moveable joint.
Synarthrosis
Immovable joint
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
joint
synarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
site where two or more bones meet or articulate
immovable joint
slightly movable joint
freely movable joint
joint
site where two or more bones meet or articulate
synarthrotic
immovable joint
64 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy and Physiology
sensation
chemoreceptors
nocireceptors
thermoreceptors
any type of information that we are bringing in from our envi…
respond to chemicals in solution; particularly located in nas…
activated by intense stimuli (what we perceive as pain); nake…
respond to changes in temperature
sensation
any type of information that we are bringing in from our envi…
chemoreceptors
respond to chemicals in solution; particularly located in nas…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8
Joint
What are the functions of joints?
Function of a joint
Synarthroses
- also called articulations... - site where 2 or more bones meet
Give skeleton mobility and hold skeleton together
- Based on amount of movement allowed at the joint ... - synart…
Immovable
Joint
- also called articulations... - site where 2 or more bones meet
What are the functions of joints?
Give skeleton mobility and hold skeleton together
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8
What are consumers and what can they d…
What are producers and what can they d…
What is the stuff called that captures…
What is the function of the stomata?
They depend on producers to make the food they are going to eat
They make the food for consumers to eat. They depend on the s…
Chlorophyll is located in the chloroplasts
It is an opening is the leaves to let in water and carbon dio…
What are consumers and what can they d…
They depend on producers to make the food they are going to eat
What are producers and what can they d…
They make the food for consumers to eat. They depend on the s…
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8, Articulations
Articulations
Functional classifications
Anatomical classifications
Fibrous Joints
Site where two or more bones meet
Synarthroses: Immovable... Amphiarthroses: Slightly moveable... Dia…
Fibrous: generally immoveable... Cartilaginous: generally slight…
Bones joined by fibers with no cavity
Articulations
Site where two or more bones meet
Functional classifications
Synarthroses: Immovable... Amphiarthroses: Slightly moveable... Dia…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8- Joints
Joints:
Synarthroses:
Amphiarthroses:
Diarthroses:
Articulations... Named after bone shape
nonmoveable
Slightly moveable joints
Freely moveable joints
Joints:
Articulations... Named after bone shape
Synarthroses:
nonmoveable
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 8
conjunctiva
conjunctivitis
sclera
lacrimal gland
the membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and lin…
inflammation of the conjunctiva, "pinkeye"
thick, protective fibrous layer, glistening white connective…
release a dilute salt solution (tears) onto the anterior surf…
conjunctiva
the membrane that covers the outer surface of the eye and lin…
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva, "pinkeye"
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