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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapters 1 3"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology chapters 1 3"

50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1 & 3
Thoracic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity
Umbilical Region
Hypogastric (Pubic) Region
D
G
E
H
Thoracic Cavity
D
Abdominal Cavity
G
334 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
The human body as a whole is enclosed…
Match the following: integumentary sys…
Match the following: muscular system.
Which of the following is an example o…
maintaining boundaries
skin, hair, and nails
provides locomotion
blood clotting
The human body as a whole is enclosed…
maintaining boundaries
Match the following: integumentary sys…
skin, hair, and nails
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 - Chapter 3
Parts of Cell
Cell Membrane
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Regulates what goes in/out; enables communication and interac…
Can dissolve in water
Insoluble in water
Parts of Cell
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Regulates what goes in/out; enables communication and interac…
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapters 1-3
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
Postive Feedback
Structure of an atom
relative uniformity of the normal body's internal environment.
negate a change in a controlled condition. (sweat, shiver)
amplify the change that is occuring (labor pains/contractions).
nucleus-central core of an atom.... proton-positively charged pa…
Homeostasis
relative uniformity of the normal body's internal environment.
Negative Feedback
negate a change in a controlled condition. (sweat, shiver)
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
128 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Pathology
The study of structure
The study of function
The study of the cells
The study of disease
Anatomy
The study of structure
Physiology
The study of function
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
study of all forms of life
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
studies the function of each body part
study of large and easily observable structures
Biology
study of all forms of life
Anatomy
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Cytology
Scientific study of the body's structure
study of processes or functions of living things
structures examined without a microscope
cellular anatomy
Anatomy
Scientific study of the body's structure
Physiology
study of processes or functions of living things
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Physiology
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
The study of large and easily observable structures
The study of body structures that are too small to be seen wi…
The study of the body and how its parts work or function
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Gross Anatomy
The study of large and easily observable structures
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
155 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Responsiveness
Conductivity
Is the study of internal and external body structures
Study of how living organisms perform their functions
Response to changes in externnal enviroment
Capacity of living cells and tissue to selectively transmit o…
Anatomy
Is the study of internal and external body structures
Physiology
Study of how living organisms perform their functions
385 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
121 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapters 1-3
The study of structure and shape of th…
The study of how these parts interrela…
When body parts are purposefully organ…
The levels of structural organization…
Anatomy
Physiology
The Relationship between Anatomy and Physiology
Atoms, Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems & Organisms
The study of structure and shape of th…
Anatomy
The study of how these parts interrela…
Physiology
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 3
cells
3 major parts of a cell
Plasma Membrane construction
Cell transport through cell membrane
-75 trillion in body... -measured in micrometers... -vary in size... -…
1. Nucleus... - control cell... 2.cytoplasm... -fluid between nucleu…
A. 3 main components in the plasma membrane (Fluid Mosaic Mod…
the membrane is semi permeable
cells
-75 trillion in body... -measured in micrometers... -vary in size... -…
3 major parts of a cell
1. Nucleus... - control cell... 2.cytoplasm... -fluid between nucleu…
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1: CHAPTER 3
cell
cell function
light microscope
electron microscope
basic structural and functional unit of all life
metabolism and energy use, communication, synthesis of molecu…
can show a useful magnification only up to 1000-2000 times. T…
use electrons and not photons (light rays) for visualization.…
cell
basic structural and functional unit of all life
cell function
metabolism and energy use, communication, synthesis of molecu…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 CHAPTER 3
Animal Cells
Three main parts of Eukaryotic cells
Cytoplasm or Cytosol is
Organelles
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm/Cytosol, Nucleus
intracellular fluid inside the cell surrounds the organelles,…
Specialized structures in the cell
Animal Cells
Eukaryotic Cell
Three main parts of Eukaryotic cells
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm/Cytosol, Nucleus
42 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
region between the thorax and pelvis
Highest point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
Highest point of the shoulder
184 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapters 1-3
Why is oxygen necessary for life?
What are the characteristics of life?
What is the basic unit of structure an…
What cavities are found in the dorsal…
It releases energy from nutrients and fuels metabolic processes
1. Movement... 2. Responsiveness: adapt to surroundings ... 3. Grow…
a cell
Cranial, vertebral, Thoracic, Abdominopelvic
Why is oxygen necessary for life?
It releases energy from nutrients and fuels metabolic processes
What are the characteristics of life?
1. Movement... 2. Responsiveness: adapt to surroundings ... 3. Grow…
13 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology 1
Filtration
Passive Transport
Simple Diffusion
Osmosis
physical pressure forces fluid through a semi permeable membr…
-Does not consume ATP... -Simple diffusion, filtration, and osmo…
Net movement of particles down the gradient from a place of h…
Diffusion of water from a high water concentration (low solut…
Filtration
physical pressure forces fluid through a semi permeable membr…
Passive Transport
-Does not consume ATP... -Simple diffusion, filtration, and osmo…
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 3
Plasma Membrane...
Lipid Bilayer...
Anything polar will need ______ to cro…
If it can go all the way through the m…
Lipids and proteins make up 42 % of the plasma membrane.
Made of Phospholipids and Cholesterol.... Heads are hydrophilic…
Transporter
Transmembrane
Plasma Membrane...
Lipids and proteins make up 42 % of the plasma membrane.
Lipid Bilayer...
Made of Phospholipids and Cholesterol.... Heads are hydrophilic…
109 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Disease
Pathology
The study of the structure of organs an organ systems
The study of the function of organs and organ systems
Anything that upsets the normal structure or working of the b…
The study of diseases
Anatomy
The study of the structure of organs an organ systems
Physiology
The study of the function of organs and organ systems
135 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapters 1-3
Chemical level
cellular level
tissue level
organ level
atoms combine to form molecules
cells are made of molecules
tissues consists of similar types of cells
organs are made up of different types of tissues
Chemical level
atoms combine to form molecules
cellular level
cells are made of molecules
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Skin: the structure is skin (stratifie…
Structure;function
Study of body structure
Study of body functions
Example of a relationship between anatomy and physiology
__________ dictates __________
Anatomy
Study of body structure
Physiology
Study of body functions
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Palpation
Ascultation
The study of structures
The study of functions
Touching
Listening
Anatomy
The study of structures
Physiology
The study of functions
119 terms
anatomy and Physiology chapter 1 and 3
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomy determines the
physiology determines the
the study of form; physical
the study of functions; how the... body functions
structure
functions.
Anatomy
the study of form; physical
Physiology
the study of functions; how the... body functions
19 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 3.1
Centrosomes and centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Plasma Membrane
Cytosol
Function: essential for movement of chromosomes during cell d…
Proteins organized in fine filaments or microtubes. Function:…
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins an…
Distributes materials by diffusion.... Liquid
Centrosomes and centrioles
Function: essential for movement of chromosomes during cell d…
Cytoskeleton
Proteins organized in fine filaments or microtubes. Function:…
110 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Catabolism
Anabolism
Study of structure and form.
Study of function of the body parts.
Large molecules are broken down into smaller molecules.
Small molecules are joined to form larger molecules.
Anatomy
Study of structure and form.
Physiology
Study of function of the body parts.
62 terms
anatomy and physiology chapters 1-3
Atoms
Cell
Organism
Temperature
the smallest stable unit of measure
smallest living unit in the body
highest level of organization
_____________ of an object is directly related to the average…
Atoms
the smallest stable unit of measure
Cell
smallest living unit in the body
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy and physiology are difficult t…
The term "physiology" is related to
Which of the following lists best illu…
In all organisms, the basic unit of st…
Physiological functions depend on anatomical structures.
The Greek for "relationship to nature"
Organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems.
The cell
Anatomy and physiology are difficult t…
Physiological functions depend on anatomical structures.
The term "physiology" is related to
The Greek for "relationship to nature"
57 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 1-3
anatomical position
supine position
prone position
radiograph
Body facing forward, feet are parallel to each other, arms ar…
lying on back, facing upward
lying face down
produce image of interior structures... Inexpensive and quick
anatomical position
Body facing forward, feet are parallel to each other, arms ar…
supine position
lying on back, facing upward
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 and 3
Cephalic
Buccal
Facial
Frontal
head
cheek
face
forehead
Cephalic
head
Buccal
cheek
117 terms
Anatomy & physiology (Chapters 1-3)
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of Organization (smallest to la…
Homeostasis
Study of Structure
Study of Function
Chemical level... Cell level... Tissue level... Organ level... Organ syst…
All body parts working together to maintain a stable internal…
Anatomy
Study of Structure
Physiology
Study of Function
164 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapters 1-3
anatomy
physiology
tissues
Major elements in the body
the study of the body structures (form)
the study of the function of body structures
a group of cells with similar structure and function
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
anatomy
the study of the body structures (form)
physiology
the study of the function of body structures
119 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapters 1-3
What is anatomy?
Subdivisions of anatomy include:
Defintion of physiology:
Subdivisions of physiology include:
The study of the structure of the body and also how the struc…
Gross, surface, Microscopic (histology- tissues & cytology- c…
Innvestigates the processes or functions of the human body an…
Renal, cardiovascular, & neurophysiology
What is anatomy?
The study of the structure of the body and also how the struc…
Subdivisions of anatomy include:
Gross, surface, Microscopic (histology- tissues & cytology- c…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1&3
Form fits function
Cranial and Spinal
Thoracic and Abdominal
Homeostasis
For every anatomic property there is a physiological purpose…
Dorsal Cavities
Ventral Cavities
The body's efforts to keep its internal environment relativel…
Form fits function
For every anatomic property there is a physiological purpose…
Cranial and Spinal
Dorsal Cavities
50 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapters 1&3
integumentary
levels of structural organization
skeletal
muscular
external body covering ... protects tissue underneath... regulates…
atoms... compounds (molecules) ... cells... tissues... organs ... organ syst…
protects & supports body organs... muscle attach to it... makes blo…
produces movement... maintains posture... produces heat... example: sk…
integumentary
external body covering ... protects tissue underneath... regulates…
levels of structural organization
atoms... compounds (molecules) ... cells... tissues... organs ... organ syst…
334 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
The human body as a whole is enclosed…
Match the following: integumentary sys…
Match the following: muscular system.
Which of the following is an example o…
maintaining boundaries
skin, hair, and nails
provides locomotion
blood clotting
The human body as a whole is enclosed…
maintaining boundaries
Match the following: integumentary sys…
skin, hair, and nails
76 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapters 1-3
The Atom
Molecules
Macromolecules
organelles
[i.e. Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), or Oxygen(O)] is the least co…
[i.e. carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H20)]. is defined as a par…
(i.e. carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids). is def…
(i.e. cell membrane, nucleus, ribosomes). is defined as a sma…
The Atom
[i.e. Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), or Oxygen(O)] is the least co…
Molecules
[i.e. carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H20)]. is defined as a par…
98 terms
Anatomy/Physiology 1- Chapter 3
Plasma (cell) membrane... Cytoplasm... Nucleus
Cytosol... Organelles
Chromosomes... Genes
Plasma membrane
3 parts a cell can be subdivided into:
2 components of cytoplasm:
2 components inside the nucleus:
A flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the…
Plasma (cell) membrane... Cytoplasm... Nucleus
3 parts a cell can be subdivided into:
Cytosol... Organelles
2 components of cytoplasm:
86 terms
Chapter 1: Anatomy and Physiology
microscopic anatomy
cytology
histology
developmental anatomy
knowledge of gross anatomy at the microscopic level
study of cells
study of of tissue and organs that make up an entire body of…
studies the growth and development of an organism during its…
microscopic anatomy
knowledge of gross anatomy at the microscopic level
cytology
study of cells
14 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 Chapter 3
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
organelles
nucleus
Outer boundry of a cell
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles
Small structures that performs specific cell functions
An organelle that controls cellular activities, typically at…
Plasma Membrane
Outer boundry of a cell
Cytoplasm
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles
81 terms
Chapters 1-3 Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
anterior
distal
dorsal cavity
the study of the structure of the body
toward the front of the body
farthest from the point of origin
located at the back of the body; contains the cranial and spi…
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
anterior
toward the front of the body
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapters 1-3
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross or Macroscopic Anatomy
Regional Anatomy
Structure of body parts and their relationship to one another
Function of the body and how they carry out their life sustai…
study of large body structures visible to the naked eye.
all the structures (muscles, bones, blood vessels, nerves, et…
Anatomy
Structure of body parts and their relationship to one another
Physiology
Function of the body and how they carry out their life sustai…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1: Chapter 3
Interstitial fluid
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
a dilute saltwater solution
the membrane that encloses the cytoplasm and forms the outer…
fills the space between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
provides support and movement for the organelles
Interstitial fluid
a dilute saltwater solution
Plasma membrane
the membrane that encloses the cytoplasm and forms the outer…
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 & 3
cytology
histology
physiology
anatomy
the study of cells
the study of tissues and their development
the study of function; deals with the ways organisms perform…
the study of the structure of the body
cytology
the study of cells
histology
the study of tissues and their development
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
Gross Anatomy
Physiology
6 Properties common to all living things
Metabolism
Also called Macroscopic anatomy, investigates structures and…
The study of function of the body parts
Organization, Metabolism, Growth and Development, Responsiven…
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur within the body…
Gross Anatomy
Also called Macroscopic anatomy, investigates structures and…
Physiology
The study of function of the body parts
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapters 1-3
What is the definition of matter?
Why is atomic structure compared to th…
Name the location and indicate the ele…
Differentiate between the atomic numbe…
Matter is anything that occupies space and has weight.
The solar system has a sun with planets in orbits that encirc…
The proton has a positive (+) charge and is located in the nu…
The atomic number refers to the number of protons in the nucl…
What is the definition of matter?
Matter is anything that occupies space and has weight.
Why is atomic structure compared to th…
The solar system has a sun with planets in orbits that encirc…
39 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology 1
The Cell Membrane/plasma membrane
Tight Junction
DNA
Plasma membrane
Membrane composed or phospholipids, cholesterol and proteins,…
Area where plasma membranes of adjacent cells are tightly bou…
Instructions for polypeptide/protein synthesis
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
The Cell Membrane/plasma membrane
Membrane composed or phospholipids, cholesterol and proteins,…
Tight Junction
Area where plasma membranes of adjacent cells are tightly bou…
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 1+3
What is anatomy?
What is physiology?
Levels of Structural Organization
Organelle
the components, structures, and general parts of an organ
how these components work together to complete the function o…
organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
a series of atoms and molecules
What is anatomy?
the components, structures, and general parts of an organ
What is physiology?
how these components work together to complete the function o…
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