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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology endocrine system biol"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology endocrine system biol"

126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
infundibulum
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
Adenylate cyclase
Adipose cell
Adrenal androgens
Adrenal cortex
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
masculinizing hormones such as testosterone produced by the a…
the portion of an endocrine gland that produces the hormones…
Adenylate cyclase
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
Adipose cell
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
14 terms
::Endocrine System::Anatomy and Physiology::
How is homeostasis regulated
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
Explain the two types of feedback cont…
Compare and contrast nervous vs endocr…
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
How is homeostasis regulated
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormone
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
The science of the structure and function of the endocrine sy…
Hormone
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
17 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy & Physiology
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
It's the gate keeper. ... Regulates the release & inhibition of…
The main function of thyroid hormones include increasing cell…
Pituitary Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Pineal Gland
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
5 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System (anatomy)
pineal gland
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
pancreas
pineal gland
pituitary gland
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Glycosolation
endocrinology
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
when the glucose damages the cells then damages the pancreas.…
The study or hormones and the endocrine system
Type 1 Diabetes
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
Type 2 Diabetes
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
92 terms
Anatomy and physiology endocrine system
function of the endocrine system
Endocrine system
endocrine glands
3 types of hormones or chemical messen…
regulate long term processes in the human body
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
groups of scattered glands that aren't related in function an…
1. amino acid derivatives... 2. peptide ... 3. lipid derivatives
function of the endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Endocrine system
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology [Endocrine System]
Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Pineal gland
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
Serves as a bridge between the nervous system and the hormona…
Maintains circadian rhythms and sleep-awake patterns
Endocrine System
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
Pituitary gland
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Hormone that are Amino Acid based incl…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
58 terms
Anatomy and physiology- Endocrine system
GH
PRL
TSH
ACTH
Growth hormone
Prolactin
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
GH
Growth hormone
PRL
Prolactin
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine Function
Nervous System Signaling
Endocrine System Signaling
Hormone
Release hormones that will in turn affect behavior of another…
movement of nerve impulses to release neurotransmitters
slow, gradual hormone release by a gland into the bloodstream
signal that travels throughout the body via the bloodstrem
Endocrine Function
Release hormones that will in turn affect behavior of another…
Nervous System Signaling
movement of nerve impulses to release neurotransmitters
108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
2
Adenohypophysis, 3
Neurohypophysis, 1
"Master Gland"
The pituitary has how many lobes?
The anterior lobe of the pituitary is called? How many cell t…
The posterior lobe of the pituitary is called? How many cell…
Pituitary Gland
"Master Gland"
2
The pituitary has how many lobes?
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Components of endocrine system
Purely endocrine glands include
Other structures containing endocrine…
Hormones
Endocrine (ductless) glands and endocrine tissues in other st…
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal
hypothalamus, pancreas, gonads, small intestine, stomach, kid…
Chemical messengers ... Produced by endocrine (ductless) glands…
Components of endocrine system
Endocrine (ductless) glands and endocrine tissues in other st…
Purely endocrine glands include
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
13 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine System
Vital function of the Endocrine system
Hormones
Endocrine system glands
The endocrine system is made up of glands (ductless) which di…
The vital function of the endocrine system involves the produ…
From the Greek, meaning 'to excite' or 'to urge on'. As the b…
1. Pituitary gland- containing anterior and posterior lobes.…
Endocrine System
The endocrine system is made up of glands (ductless) which di…
Vital function of the Endocrine system
The vital function of the endocrine system involves the produ…
49 terms
anatomy and physiology: endocrine system
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
hypothalamus
pituitary
ductless, secrete into blood or tissue
have ducts, secrete onto open surfaces like skin or the linin…
master master gland, connects endocrine and nervous system wi…
master gland
endocrine glands
ductless, secrete into blood or tissue
exocrine glands
have ducts, secrete onto open surfaces like skin or the linin…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Endocrine System)
chemical composition and volume
Endocrine system
cope with stress
Endocrine system
The endocrine system controls the internal environment by reg…
What responds to environmental changes?
The endocrine system helps the body do what?
What regulates growth, development, and all phases of reprodu…
chemical composition and volume
The endocrine system controls the internal environment by reg…
Endocrine system
What responds to environmental changes?
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Neurotransmitter
Hormones
Endocrinology
Neuroendocrine
Released from axon terminals
Released from glands
Science concerned with the structure and function of the endo…
Combination of the nervous and endocrine systems
Neurotransmitter
Released from axon terminals
Hormones
Released from glands
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
hormones
target cells
negative feedback mechanisms
humoral
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
the chief means of regulating blood levels of nearly all horm…
release of hormones in response to changes in nutrient blood…
hormones
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
target cells
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
5 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Of The Endocrine System
3.1- Describe the role of intercellula…
3.2- Define homeostasis and describe t…
3.3- Compare and contrast endocrine ve…
3.4- Describe the anatomy of the endoc…
In order to preserve homeostasis, cellular activities and int…
Homeostasis is the existence of a stable internal environment…
The endocrine and nervous systems work in parallel to control…
The endocrine glands from top the bottom include the pineal,…
3.1- Describe the role of intercellula…
In order to preserve homeostasis, cellular activities and int…
3.2- Define homeostasis and describe t…
Homeostasis is the existence of a stable internal environment…
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Endocrine System
Hormone
50
Endocrine Organs
Purely endocrine organs
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
Number of hormones produced in the human body
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Hypothalamus ... 4. Thyroi…
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Thymus Gland... 4. Medulla…
Hormone
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
50
Number of hormones produced in the human body
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormones
endocrine glands
pituitary
hypothalamus
tiny chemical messengers located inside of the body. They are…
highly specialized group of cells responsible for making horm…
found inside of the skull, just above the nasal passages. It…
not officially considered a major endocrine gland, serves an…
Hormones
tiny chemical messengers located inside of the body. They are…
endocrine glands
highly specialized group of cells responsible for making horm…
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
the Hormone that are Amino Acid based…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
10 terms
Anatomy and physiology- endocrine system
Endocrine system
Glands
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Specialized organs that remove certain elements from the bloo…
Also known as duct glands produce a substance that travels th…
Also known as ductless glands release secretions called hormo…
Endocrine system
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Glands
Specialized organs that remove certain elements from the bloo…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands
Target tissues
Amplitude modulated signal
Composed of endocrine glands secrete hormones
Ductless and release hormones into interstitial fluid and or…
The tissue that is affected by the hormones
How most endocrine glands communicate with their target tissu…
Endocrine system
Composed of endocrine glands secrete hormones
Endocrine glands
Ductless and release hormones into interstitial fluid and or…
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
acting in oppposition; mutually opposing
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
acting in oppposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System!
Steroids
Non-steroids
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
Lipid-based hormones- are able to pass through the fatty cell…
Amino-acid based hormones that are unable to pass through the…
"Grand daddy" of the endocrine system- controls much of the a…
Gland attached to hypothalamus at the base of the brain. Cons…
Steroids
Lipid-based hormones- are able to pass through the fatty cell…
Non-steroids
Amino-acid based hormones that are unable to pass through the…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - The Endocrine System
hypophysis
infundibulum
circle of Willis
growth hormone
Another name for the pituitary gland
The stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the underside…
This surrounds the pituitary gland and provides it with blood…
Regulates the growth of body tissues
hypophysis
Another name for the pituitary gland
infundibulum
The stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the underside…
61 terms
The Endocrine System Anatomy and Physiology
hormones
gland
ducts
endocrine glands
the body's chemical messengers; transfers info from one cell…
group of cells that produces/secretes hormones; selects and r…
tubes that lead from a gland to a target organ
"ductless glands"; do not contain a duct system; these glands…
hormones
the body's chemical messengers; transfers info from one cell…
gland
group of cells that produces/secretes hormones; selects and r…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Endocrine System
All endocrine glands:
Hormones
Synergism
Antagonism
• secrete hormones directly into bloodstream... • sometimes call…
• act as messengers, similar to... neurotransmitters... • signal gl…
two hormones work in conjunction with one another to accompli…
two hormones exert an opposite effect
All endocrine glands:
• secrete hormones directly into bloodstream... • sometimes call…
Hormones
• act as messengers, similar to... neurotransmitters... • signal gl…
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology _ Endocrine System
Endocrine Organs
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Posterior Pituitary Gland (Storage)
Oxytocin
1. Hypothalamus... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Thyroid Gland... 4. Thymus…
1. Growth Hormone... 2. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone... 3. Adrenocor…
1. Oxytocin... 2. Antidiuretic Hormone
-Posterior Pituitary Gland... -Stimulates uterine contractions;…
Endocrine Organs
1. Hypothalamus... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Thyroid Gland... 4. Thymus…
Anterior Pituitary Gland
1. Growth Hormone... 2. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone... 3. Adrenocor…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine system
Amino acid based hormones
Steroids
Prostaglandins
Steroid hormone action
Proteins peptides and amines
Made from cholesterol
Made from highly active lipids
Diffuse through the plasma membrane enter the nucleus bind to…
Amino acid based hormones
Proteins peptides and amines
Steroids
Made from cholesterol
36 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy and Physiology
Hormones
Target organs
Gland
Ducts
The body's chemical messengers, transferring information from…
Hormones affect only certain tissue or organs
Group of cells that produces and secretes hormones and remove…
Tubes that lead from a gland to a target organ
Hormones
The body's chemical messengers, transferring information from…
Target organs
Hormones affect only certain tissue or organs
15 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy & Physiology
Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Hormone
The system of the body that is responsible for growth, develo…
Part of the brain that secretes hormones that control tempera…
The master gland that controls all the other glands in the en…
Chemical substances created by glands to signal and control t…
Endocrine System
The system of the body that is responsible for growth, develo…
Hypothalamus
Part of the brain that secretes hormones that control tempera…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
What are the five things that the endo…
What are exocrine glands?
What are endocrine glands?
What are the five endocrine glands?
Reproduction... Growth and Development... Maintaining water, electr…
Have ducts... Non-hormonal substances (i.e. saliva)
No ducts... Produce hormones
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pineal glands
What are the five things that the endo…
Reproduction... Growth and Development... Maintaining water, electr…
What are exocrine glands?
Have ducts... Non-hormonal substances (i.e. saliva)
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Endocrine System
Endocrine system
Endocrinology
Hormones
Steroids
The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce…
The scientific study of hormones and endocrine organs
Chemical substances that are secreted by endocrine cells into…
any of a large class of organic compounds with a characterist…
Endocrine system
The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce…
Endocrinology
The scientific study of hormones and endocrine organs
92 terms
Endocrine System. Anatomy & Physiology
A SERIES OF ORGANS AND GLANDS THAT SEC…
PANCREAS, SWEAT, SALIVARY, LACRIMAL AR…
EXOCRINE GLANDS PRODUCE SECRETIONS THA…
CHEMICAL MESSENGER RELEASED BY ENDOCRI…
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
EXOCRINE GLANDS
EXIT
HORMONES
A SERIES OF ORGANS AND GLANDS THAT SEC…
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
PANCREAS, SWEAT, SALIVARY, LACRIMAL AR…
EXOCRINE GLANDS
58 terms
Anatomy & Physiology The Endocrine System
Goiter
Dwarfism
Graves disease
Hypercalcemia
an enlarged thyroid gland caused by insufficient amounts of i…
a condition in which the pituitary gland hyposecretes growth…
an autoimmune disorder that causes an overactive thyroid glan…
a condition caused by the hyper-secretion of parathyroid horm…
Goiter
an enlarged thyroid gland caused by insufficient amounts of i…
Dwarfism
a condition in which the pituitary gland hyposecretes growth…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
Melatonin is secreted by
Melatonin has what function
PTH is secreted by
PTH has what function
Pineal Gland
Helps with rhythms of the body, ex. Sleep
Parathyroid Gland
Raises blood calcium levels
Melatonin is secreted by
Pineal Gland
Melatonin has what function
Helps with rhythms of the body, ex. Sleep
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 9 Endocrine System
Adrenal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Hormones
Pituitary Gland
the glands that release the hormone epinephrine (the hormone…
the gland located on the front of the neck that produces a ho…
chemicals produced in your glands that travel in the blood st…
the gland in your brain that is the central controller for ma…
Adrenal Gland
the glands that release the hormone epinephrine (the hormone…
Thyroid Gland
the gland located on the front of the neck that produces a ho…
35 terms
anatomy and physiology endocrine system
name the endocrine glands
what is feedback loop
what is master gland
which gland is located to top of kidneys
thyroid... thymus... pineal... parathyroid - 4... adrenal glands =(1 pai…
mechanism to control hormone levels
pituitary
adrenal glands
name the endocrine glands
thyroid... thymus... pineal... parathyroid - 4... adrenal glands =(1 pai…
what is feedback loop
mechanism to control hormone levels
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