Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i chapter 4 biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i chapter 4 biology"

507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4
Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium
Location of Simple Squamous Epithelium
Function of Stratified Squamous Epithe…
Location of Stratified Squamous Epithe…
absorption/ secretion; control of vessel permeability; reduce…
alveoli of lungs; parts of kidney tubules; endothelia lining…
physical protection against abrasion, pathogens, chemicals
skin, mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum, anus, vagina
Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium
absorption/ secretion; control of vessel permeability; reduce…
Location of Simple Squamous Epithelium
alveoli of lungs; parts of kidney tubules; endothelia lining…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Tissues
Histology
What are the four basic types of tissu…
Glands
Collections of specialized cells and cell products that perfo…
The study of tissues
Epithelial... Connective... Muscle... Neural
Structures that produce fluid secretions. They are attached t…
Tissues
Collections of specialized cells and cell products that perfo…
Histology
The study of tissues
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 4
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
4.) ( CLASSIFIED BY ARRANGEMENT OF CELLS
5.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) SIMPLE SQUAMOU…
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
A.) SIMPLE B.) STRATIFIED
A.) SINGLE LAYER OF SCALELIKE CELLS ... B.) TRANSPORT IS FUNCTI…
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
1.Epithelial Tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with study of tissues
physician who examines cells and tissues to help other physic…
consists of cells arranged in continuous sheets in either sin…
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology 1 CHAPTER 4
Tissue
4 types of tissues
Epithelial
Connective
A group of cells with a common embryonic origin and function…
Epithelial connective muscular and nervous
Covers or lines glands and has a free surface. Consist of a b…
Consist of blood bone cartilage and tendons... Protects supports…
Tissue
A group of cells with a common embryonic origin and function…
4 types of tissues
Epithelial connective muscular and nervous
96 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Some bind orga…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
Four types of tissues
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 4 - Biology of the Cell
In the cell cycle, division of the cyt…
The 'coating of sugar' on the cell's s…
Match each type of RNA with it's descr…
Which of the following are common cell…
cytokinesis
glycocalyx
rRNa - structural component of ribosomes... tRNA - match amino a…
cube-like, spherical, column-like
In the cell cycle, division of the cyt…
cytokinesis
The 'coating of sugar' on the cell's s…
glycocalyx
92 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4 (Biology of the Cell)
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Barrier of the cell keeping insides inside and what needs to…
Enclosed by a nuclear envelope, houses genetic material. Flui…
Area between plasma membrane and nucleous. Includes cytosol,…
Intracellular fluid. Fluid inside the cell. Also cytoplasmic…
Plasma Membrane
Barrier of the cell keeping insides inside and what needs to…
Nucleus
Enclosed by a nuclear envelope, houses genetic material. Flui…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Biology of a Cell
micrometer
light microscope
electron microscope (EM)
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
1/10000 of a centimeter
light beam, 2-D image, often use colored dyes
beam of electrons, HIGH resolution
electron beam trough a cut section of specimen, 2-D image
micrometer
1/10000 of a centimeter
light microscope
light beam, 2-D image, often use colored dyes
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4,5,6
Johann Friedrich Miescher (1844-1895)
Watson, Crick, and Wilkins
Chromatin
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
discovered DNA
discovered the double helix
contains 46 chromosomes of DNA
polymers of nucleotides, also called double helix, serves as…
Johann Friedrich Miescher (1844-1895)
discovered DNA
Watson, Crick, and Wilkins
discovered the double helix
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Anatomy/ Physiology 1- Chapter 4
Epithelial... Connective... Muscular... Nervous
Cell junctions
Tight junctions
Adherens junctions
4 tissue types:
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Consists of weblike strands of transmembrane proteins that fu…
-A dense layer of proteins on the inside of the plasma membra…
Epithelial... Connective... Muscular... Nervous
4 tissue types:
Cell junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
66 terms
Anatomy and physiology 1 chapter 4
histology
four primary tissue types
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
study normal structure tissues
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
tightly packed... cover, line, protect... no matrix
prominent matrix... bind, support, protect, transport
histology
study normal structure tissues
four primary tissue types
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
364 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
119 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Aer-
Aerobic
An-
Anaerobic Respiration
Air
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
Without
Respiratory process that doesn't require oxygen
Aer-
Air
Aerobic
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
444 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... n…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the three types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 Chapter 4
tissue
histology
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
collections of specialized cells and cell products that carry…
the study of tissues
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other…
tissue
collections of specialized cells and cell products that carry…
histology
the study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4
What is skin made up of?
Spongy Bone
Compact Bone
Epithelial Tissue
Keratins, Stratified, Squamous, Epodelia
located within the epiphyses
dense bone. often forms external wall of bone.
-Many cells tightly packed... -Does not have a direct blood supp…
What is skin made up of?
Keratins, Stratified, Squamous, Epodelia
Spongy Bone
located within the epiphyses
40 terms
Chapter 4 Intro To Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
11 Organ Systems
Integumentary System
study of function
study of structure
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
skin, protects
Physiology
study of function
Anatomy
study of structure
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Pyrimidines
Purines
Base Pairs
Essential Function of DNA
The three bases, cytosine (C), thymine (T), and uracil (U)
The two bases, adenine (A) and guanine (G)
The A - T and C - G combinations that allows prediction of th…
To code DNA for the proteins a cell synthesizes
Pyrimidines
The three bases, cytosine (C), thymine (T), and uracil (U)
Purines
The two bases, adenine (A) and guanine (G)
111 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Tissues:
Histology:
Basement membrane:
Simple epithelium:
specialized cells and the extracellular substances surroundin…
Study of tissues
Basal Lamena
Consists of a single layer of cells with each cell extending…
Tissues:
specialized cells and the extracellular substances surroundin…
Histology:
Study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
1. Epithelial Tissue
group of cells that have a common origin in an embryo and fun…
science that deals with study of tissues
physician who examines cells and tissues to help other physic…
covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
tissue
group of cells that have a common origin in an embryo and fun…
histology
science that deals with study of tissues
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - chapter 4
tissue
extracellular matrix
epithelial, connective, muscle and ner…
histology
collection of specialized cells and the extracellular substan…
noncellular substances surrounding the cells
four primary tissue types
microscopic study of tissues
tissue
collection of specialized cells and the extracellular substan…
extracellular matrix
noncellular substances surrounding the cells
8 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 4
Embryonic Stem Cells
Adult Stem Cells
Tissue
there are 4 basic types of tissues in…
contain encoded information in their DNA that enables them to…
IF they divide they can only form specialized cells like them…
group of fully specialized similar cells that preform similar…
1.) Epithelial... 2.) Connective... 3.) Muscle... 4.) Nerve
Embryonic Stem Cells
contain encoded information in their DNA that enables them to…
Adult Stem Cells
IF they divide they can only form specialized cells like them…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
107 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Types of tissues
Epithelium Tissue
Simple
Stratified
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, and muscular
form the outer covering of body, line body cavities and cover…
Single layer of cells. Allow for diffusion, osmosis, secretio…
For protection (skin), multiple layers on top of each other
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, and muscular
Epithelium Tissue
form the outer covering of body, line body cavities and cover…
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Vocab 1
Tissue
Histology
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Combination of different cell types
Study of tissues
Covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
Fills internal space station, provides structural support for…
Tissue
Combination of different cell types
Histology
Study of tissues
59 terms
Essentials of Human anatomy and physiology Chapter 4
Epithelial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages…
produces a watery fluid and lines closed body cavities; parie…
Epithelial Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
Cutaneous Membrane
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
62 terms
CHAPTER 4 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
Epithelial tissue & connective tissue; consist of mucous memb…
skin; consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium…
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of o…
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavitie…
epithelial membranes
Epithelial tissue & connective tissue; consist of mucous memb…
cutaneous membrane
skin; consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium…
58 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4
Epithelial tissue
Simple squamous
Simple cuboidal
Simple columnar
Sheet of cells that covers the body surface or cavities; Func…
Epithelial tissue; Thin and often permeable; ... Endothelium: Ly…
Epithelial tissue; Secretion and absorption; Kidney tubules a…
Epithelial tissue; Absorption and secretion; Digestive tract…
Epithelial tissue
Sheet of cells that covers the body surface or cavities; Func…
Simple squamous
Epithelial tissue; Thin and often permeable; ... Endothelium: Ly…
Anatomy and Physiology 1- Chapter 4
(a) Connective Tissue; (b) Epithelium…
An epithelium that has several layers…
Type of cells that line the digestive…
Cells that line the esophagus?
1. a.connective... 2. c. muscle... 3. d. Nervous... 4. b.epithelium
c, e
Simple Columnar
stratified squamous
(a) Connective Tissue; (b) Epithelium…
1. a.connective... 2. c. muscle... 3. d. Nervous... 4. b.epithelium
An epithelium that has several layers…
c, e
25 terms
anatomy & physiology-chapter 4
tissue
histology
types of tissues
epithelial tissues
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
forms most glands and cover body (internal and external)
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
histology
study of tissues
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
types of tissues
epithelial tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous
covers body (internal and external) such as skin, kidney, tra…
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
histology
study of tissues
105 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1: Chapter 4
What is a tissue?
The study of tissues is called ______.
What are the four major types of tissu…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, or Ner…
collections of specialized cells and cell products that are o…
Histology
Epithelial... Connective ... Muscular... Nervous
Muscular
What is a tissue?
collections of specialized cells and cell products that are o…
The study of tissues is called ______.
Histology
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Tissue
The four major types of tissue:
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Tissue functions
A group of specialized cells that work together to perform a…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous... All four make…
Cover the body's surfaces... Form the inner lining of body cavit…
Secretion... Protection... Absorption
Tissue
A group of specialized cells that work together to perform a…
The four major types of tissue:
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous... All four make…
Chapter 4 Anatomy & Physiology 1
Tissues
Tissues
4 main tissues
epithelial tissues
groups of organized cells resulting in structures with discre…
they are the "building blocks" for constructing organs
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Muscle Tissue... -Neural…
Characterized by tightly packed cells forming membranes.
Tissues
groups of organized cells resulting in structures with discre…
Tissues
they are the "building blocks" for constructing organs
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4 (1-8)
Epithelial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane (skin), the mucous membrane,…
Your skin
Composed of epithelium (the type varies with the site) restin…
Composed of a layer of simple squamous epithelium resting on…
Epithelial Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane (skin), the mucous membrane,…
Cutaneous Membrane
Your skin
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
enzymes
metabolism
anabolism
dehydration synthesis
special proteins that control the rate of each reaction; can…
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell; very complex
type of metabolic process in which larger molecules are const…
type of anabolic process in which sugar molecules form glycog…
enzymes
special proteins that control the rate of each reaction; can…
metabolism
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell; very complex
1 of 10