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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i chapter 4"

507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
132 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
1.Epithelial Tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with study of tissues
physician who examines cells and tissues to help other physic…
consists of cells arranged in continuous sheets in either sin…
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with study of tissues
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
26 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 4
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
4.) ( CLASSIFIED BY ARRANGEMENT OF CELLS
5.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) SIMPLE SQUAMOU…
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
A.) SIMPLE B.) STRATIFIED
A.) SINGLE LAYER OF SCALELIKE CELLS ... B.) TRANSPORT IS FUNCTI…
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4
Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium
Location of Simple Squamous Epithelium
Function of Stratified Squamous Epithe…
Location of Stratified Squamous Epithe…
absorption/ secretion; control of vessel permeability; reduce…
alveoli of lungs; parts of kidney tubules; endothelia lining…
physical protection against abrasion, pathogens, chemicals
skin, mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum, anus, vagina
Function of Simple Squamous Epithelium
absorption/ secretion; control of vessel permeability; reduce…
Location of Simple Squamous Epithelium
alveoli of lungs; parts of kidney tubules; endothelia lining…
119 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Aer-
Aerobic
An-
Anaerobic Respiration
Air
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
Without
Respiratory process that doesn't require oxygen
Aer-
Air
Aerobic
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Tissues
Histology
What are the four basic types of tissu…
Glands
Collections of specialized cells and cell products that perfo…
The study of tissues
Epithelial... Connective... Muscle... Neural
Structures that produce fluid secretions. They are attached t…
Tissues
Collections of specialized cells and cell products that perfo…
Histology
The study of tissues
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 CHAPTER 4
Tissue
4 types of tissues
Epithelial
Connective
A group of cells with a common embryonic origin and function…
Epithelial connective muscular and nervous
Covers or lines glands and has a free surface. Consist of a b…
Consist of blood bone cartilage and tendons... Protects supports…
Tissue
A group of cells with a common embryonic origin and function…
4 types of tissues
Epithelial connective muscular and nervous
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
444 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... n…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the three types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4,5,6
Johann Friedrich Miescher (1844-1895)
Watson, Crick, and Wilkins
Chromatin
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
discovered DNA
discovered the double helix
contains 46 chromosomes of DNA
polymers of nucleotides, also called double helix, serves as…
Johann Friedrich Miescher (1844-1895)
discovered DNA
Watson, Crick, and Wilkins
discovered the double helix
96 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Some bind orga…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
Four types of tissues
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
364 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
59 terms
Essentials of Human anatomy and physiology Chapter 4
Epithelial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages…
produces a watery fluid and lines closed body cavities; parie…
Epithelial Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
Cutaneous Membrane
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
92 terms
Anatomy/ Physiology 1- Chapter 4
Epithelial... Connective... Muscular... Nervous
Cell junctions
Tight junctions
Adherens junctions
4 tissue types:
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Consists of weblike strands of transmembrane proteins that fu…
-A dense layer of proteins on the inside of the plasma membra…
Epithelial... Connective... Muscular... Nervous
4 tissue types:
Cell junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4
Epithelial Tissue Characteristics
Areolar Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
apical surface
covers and lines organs
rest under the epithelial tissue
is avascular, mitotic
covered with cilia and villi
Epithelial Tissue Characteristics
covers and lines organs
Areolar Connective Tissue
rest under the epithelial tissue
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
58 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 4
What are the 3 types of cell junctions?
Reticular Tissue
Areolar tissue
Dense fibrous connective tissue
1.) Tight- NO leaks ... 2.) Desmosomes- strong plague ... 3.)Gap- l…
What are the 3 types of cell junctions?
1.) Tight- NO leaks ... 2.) Desmosomes- strong plague ... 3.)Gap- l…
Reticular Tissue
66 terms
Anatomy and physiology 1 chapter 4
histology
four primary tissue types
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
study normal structure tissues
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
tightly packed... cover, line, protect... no matrix
prominent matrix... bind, support, protect, transport
histology
study normal structure tissues
four primary tissue types
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
124 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 4-Tissues
Tissues
histology
epithelial tissues
connective tissue
collections of cell and cell products that perform a relative…
study of tissues
covers exposed surfaces... lines internal passageways and chambe…
fills internal spaces... provides structural support... stores energy
Tissues
collections of cell and cell products that perform a relative…
histology
study of tissues
40 terms
Chapter 4 Intro To Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
11 Organ Systems
Integumentary System
study of function
study of structure
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
skin, protects
Physiology
study of function
Anatomy
study of structure
107 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Types of tissues
Epithelium Tissue
Simple
Stratified
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, and muscular
form the outer covering of body, line body cavities and cover…
Single layer of cells. Allow for diffusion, osmosis, secretio…
For protection (skin), multiple layers on top of each other
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, and muscular
Epithelium Tissue
form the outer covering of body, line body cavities and cover…
111 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Tissues:
Histology:
Basement membrane:
Simple epithelium:
specialized cells and the extracellular substances surroundin…
Study of tissues
Basal Lamena
Consists of a single layer of cells with each cell extending…
Tissues:
specialized cells and the extracellular substances surroundin…
Histology:
Study of tissues
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 Chapter 4
tissue
histology
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
collections of specialized cells and cell products that carry…
the study of tissues
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other…
tissue
collections of specialized cells and cell products that carry…
histology
the study of tissues
62 terms
CHAPTER 4 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
Epithelial tissue & connective tissue; consist of mucous memb…
skin; consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium…
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of o…
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavitie…
epithelial membranes
Epithelial tissue & connective tissue; consist of mucous memb…
cutaneous membrane
skin; consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 4
What is skin made up of?
Spongy Bone
Compact Bone
Epithelial Tissue
Keratins, Stratified, Squamous, Epodelia
located within the epiphyses
dense bone. often forms external wall of bone.
-Many cells tightly packed... -Does not have a direct blood supp…
What is skin made up of?
Keratins, Stratified, Squamous, Epodelia
Spongy Bone
located within the epiphyses
102 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 4
body membrane
epithelial membrane
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
cover surfaces, line body cavities, form protective (and ofte…
cutaneous membranes (skin), mucous membranes, and serous memb…
dry epithelial membrane of skin;... superficial epidermis compos…
wet epithelial membrane that lines all body cavities open to…
body membrane
cover surfaces, line body cavities, form protective (and ofte…
epithelial membrane
cutaneous membranes (skin), mucous membranes, and serous memb…
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
types of tissues
epithelial tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous
covers body (internal and external) such as skin, kidney, tra…
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
histology
study of tissues
25 terms
anatomy & physiology-chapter 4
tissue
histology
types of tissues
epithelial tissues
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
forms most glands and cover body (internal and external)
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
histology
study of tissues
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4
Epithelial tissue
Simple squamous
Simple cuboidal
Simple columnar
Sheet of cells that covers the body surface or cavities; Func…
Epithelial tissue; Thin and often permeable; ... Endothelium: Ly…
Epithelial tissue; Secretion and absorption; Kidney tubules a…
Epithelial tissue; Absorption and secretion; Digestive tract…
Epithelial tissue
Sheet of cells that covers the body surface or cavities; Func…
Simple squamous
Epithelial tissue; Thin and often permeable; ... Endothelium: Ly…
88 terms
Anatomy & physiology chapter 4
tissue
extracellular matrix
histology
embryonic tissue
groups of similar cells that perform a common function... -*incl…
space or fluid surrounding or in-between the cells
study of tissue
give rise to all tissue of body , primary tissue types are de…
tissue
groups of similar cells that perform a common function... -*incl…
extracellular matrix
space or fluid surrounding or in-between the cells
8 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 4
Embryonic Stem Cells
Adult Stem Cells
Tissue
there are 4 basic types of tissues in…
contain encoded information in their DNA that enables them to…
IF they divide they can only form specialized cells like them…
group of fully specialized similar cells that preform similar…
1.) Epithelial... 2.) Connective... 3.) Muscle... 4.) Nerve
Embryonic Stem Cells
contain encoded information in their DNA that enables them to…
Adult Stem Cells
IF they divide they can only form specialized cells like them…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
voiceless
voiced
phonation
glottis
-phonemes or speech sounds are produced without the use of th…
-sounds that are produced by the action of the vocal folds... -v…
-also know as voicing... -is the product of vibrating vocal fold…
-space between vocal folds... -the most important laryngeal spac…
voiceless
-phonemes or speech sounds are produced without the use of th…
voiced
-sounds that are produced by the action of the vocal folds... -v…
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Vocab 1
Tissue
Histology
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Combination of different cell types
Study of tissues
Covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
Fills internal space station, provides structural support for…
Tissue
Combination of different cell types
Histology
Study of tissues
17 terms
human anatomy and physiology chapter 4
digestive system
gastrointestinal tract
carbohydrates
proteins
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
Hollow tube consisting of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stom…
a nutrient your body needs to function
a nutrient your body needs to function
digestive system
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
gastrointestinal tract
Hollow tube consisting of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stom…
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1- Chapter 4
(a) Connective Tissue; (b) Epithelium…
An epithelium that has several layers…
Type of cells that line the digestive…
Cells that line the esophagus?
1. a.connective... 2. c. muscle... 3. d. Nervous... 4. b.epithelium
c, e
Simple Columnar
stratified squamous
(a) Connective Tissue; (b) Epithelium…
1. a.connective... 2. c. muscle... 3. d. Nervous... 4. b.epithelium
An epithelium that has several layers…
c, e
19 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4:A
epithelial tissue
endothelium
mesothelium
avascular
covers body surface; lines body cavities, hollow organs, and…
simple squamous epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessel…
epithelial layer of serous membranes
without blood vessels
epithelial tissue
covers body surface; lines body cavities, hollow organs, and…
endothelium
simple squamous epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessel…
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
enzymes
metabolism
anabolism
dehydration synthesis
special proteins that control the rate of each reaction; can…
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell; very complex
type of metabolic process in which larger molecules are const…
type of anabolic process in which sugar molecules form glycog…
enzymes
special proteins that control the rate of each reaction; can…
metabolism
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell; very complex
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Tissue
The four major types of tissue:
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Tissue functions
A group of specialized cells that work together to perform a…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous... All four make…
Cover the body's surfaces... Form the inner lining of body cavit…
Secretion... Protection... Absorption
Tissue
A group of specialized cells that work together to perform a…
The four major types of tissue:
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous... All four make…
20 terms
anatomy and physiology: tissue chapter 4
epithelial tissue
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
covering, lining, and glandular tissue of the body. its funct…
a single layer of squamous cells. ... lines all hollow circulato…
active in secretion and absorption... found in glands and in kid…
specialized for secretion and absorption... lines the digestive…
epithelial tissue
covering, lining, and glandular tissue of the body. its funct…
simple squamous epithelium
a single layer of squamous cells. ... lines all hollow circulato…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Epithelium
Connective tissue
Muscle
Epithelial Tissue
Sheets of cells tightly joined together... Ex: Blood vessel walls
Join epithelial structures to other parts of the body
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
~Protective covering for the body... ~Main tissue of outer layer…
Epithelium
Sheets of cells tightly joined together... Ex: Blood vessel walls
Connective tissue
Join epithelial structures to other parts of the body
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