Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i chapter 7"

75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7.1
Anatomy
Cell
Cell membrane
Centrosome
Anatomy is the science that studies the structure of the body
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
an organelle near the nucleus of a cell that contains the cen…
Anatomy
Anatomy is the science that studies the structure of the body
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 7
Axial
Appendicular
Bones of the Cranium
Frontal Bone
...
...
Frontal Bone... Parietal Bones... Occipital Bone... Temporal Bones... Sph…
...
Axial
...
Appendicular
...
57 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology 1
what is osteology
what is the skeletal system composed of
what does bone tissue arise from
what type of stem cells come form the…
the study of bone
Bones... Cartilages... Ligaments
mesoderm primary germ layer
mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)
what is osteology
the study of bone
what is the skeletal system composed of
Bones... Cartilages... Ligaments
Chapter 7.1 Anatomy and Physiology
Osseous Tissue
Mineralization/Calcification
Long Bones
Flat Bones
Bone
The hardening of bone
Most important for body movement. ex: humerus, femur, ulna, r…
Thin curved plates. Ex: Parietal Bones, Sternum, scapula, rib…
Osseous Tissue
Bone
Mineralization/Calcification
The hardening of bone
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Anatomy and Physiology 1 CHAPTER 7
How many bones are in the skull total?
How many bones are in the cranium ?
How many are in the face ?
How many bones are in the hyoid
22
8
14
1
How many bones are in the skull total?
22
How many bones are in the cranium ?
8
80 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what is osteology
what is the skeletal system
what are the 6 roles of the skeletal s…
what is osseous tissue
study of bone
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
1- support... 2-protection... 3- movement... 4-electrolyte balance... 5-…
bone; composed of connective tissue in which matrix is harden…
what is osteology
study of bone
what is the skeletal system
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7.1
Anatomy
Cell
cell membrane
centrosome
the study of the form and structure of an organism
Mass of protoplasm; the basic unit of structure of all animal…
outer, protective, semipermeable covering of a cell.
That area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles; imp…
Anatomy
the study of the form and structure of an organism
Cell
Mass of protoplasm; the basic unit of structure of all animal…
Chapter 7.1: Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Protoplasm
The study of the form and structure of an organism
The study of the processes of living organisms or how they work
The study of how disease occurs and the responses of living o…
The basic substance of all life
Anatomy
The study of the form and structure of an organism
Physiology
The study of the processes of living organisms or how they work
Chapter 7.1 Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Protoplasm
Study of the form and structure of an organism
Study of processes of living organisms
Study of how disease occurs and the response of living organi…
Basic substance of all life
Anatomy
Study of the form and structure of an organism
Physiology
Study of processes of living organisms
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1- Chapter 7
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
calcitonin
calcitriol (vitamin D)
cortisol
bone resorption raises blood Ca2+, stimulated when blood Ca2+…
lowers blood Ca2+ in children (little effect in adults), prev…
promotes intestinal absorption of Ca2+, reduces Ca2+ excretio…
inhibits osteoclast activity, over secretion (Cushings diseas…
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
bone resorption raises blood Ca2+, stimulated when blood Ca2+…
calcitonin
lowers blood Ca2+ in children (little effect in adults), prev…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab 1
Cranium
Fontanels
Cranial Cavity
Paranasal Sinuses
Aka brain case; 8 bones
Infant skull comprising any of the soft membranous gaps betwe…
A fluid-filled chamber that cushions and supports the brain
Bony chambers, lined by respiratory epithelium, that open up…
Cranium
Aka brain case; 8 bones
Fontanels
Infant skull comprising any of the soft membranous gaps betwe…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
-Responsible for internal functions (vision, movement through…
-Creates driving force responsible for moving blood through b…
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
29 terms
Unit 2-Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 7
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Types of Bone
Long Bone
80 bones... Skull bones, auditory ossicles (ear bones), hyoid bo…
bones of the upper and lower limbs (extremities) and the bone…
Long, Short, Flat, Irregular, Sesamoid
arm, forearm, greater seed length than width
Axial Skeleton
80 bones... Skull bones, auditory ossicles (ear bones), hyoid bo…
Appendicular Skeleton
bones of the upper and lower limbs (extremities) and the bone…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
resonance
Cineradiology
ultrasound imaging
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
-viewing soft tissue... -bone with will be opaque... -no radiation…
-cannot see movement of articulators ... -measuring how various…
resonance
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
Cineradiology
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology. CHAPTER 7.1
Anatomy
Cell
Cell membrane
Centrosome
Study of the form and structure of an organism
Microscopic structures that carry on all the functions of life
The outer protective covering of a cell
Area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles; importan…
Anatomy
Study of the form and structure of an organism
Cell
Microscopic structures that carry on all the functions of life
180 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Organic
Inorganic
By Shape
Epiphysis
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
How are bones classified?
Organic
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Inorganic
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
Most bones classified into 5 main types:
Long Bone:
80 bones
126 bones
-Long... -Short... -Flat... -Irregular ... -Sesamoid
Greater length than width
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
80 bones
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
126 bones
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Origin
Insertion
Sarcomere
Tendon
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
(Sarc= flesh) ... The smallest contractile unit of a myofibril
A narrow band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a mu…
Origin
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
Insertion
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
144 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 7
tibula and fibula
The crista galli is a projection from…
styloid process
Each of the following bones is part of…
leg
ehmoid
femur
tibula and fibula
leg
The crista galli is a projection from…
ehmoid
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
adult skeleton
bones
80 bones
126 bones
20% of body mass, 206 bones
are the organs of the skeletal system and are composed of man…
axial skeleton
80 bones
appendicular skeleton
126 bones
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Joints
arthrology
kinesiology
fibrous joints
cartilaginous joints
the scientific study of joints
the study of motion of the human body
there is no synovial cavity and the bones are held together b…
there is no synovial cavity and the bones are held together b…
arthrology
the scientific study of joints
kinesiology
the study of motion of the human body
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Coronal suture
Frontal bone
Sphenoid bone
Ethmoid bone
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Coronal suture
(A)
Frontal bone
(B)
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
Chapter 7: Anatomy and Physiology
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The motor nerves carry nerve impulses…
The nerves that send and receive messa…
Thirty-one
The cell body
Muscles
Mixed
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Thirty-one
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The cell body
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
Flexion & Extension
Supination & Pronation
Elevation & Depression
Adduction & Abduction
Flexion & Extension
Supination & Pronation
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
Diaphysis
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
the shaft of the bone (between epiphyses); diaphysis contains…
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Epiphysis
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Purpose of Bones
Bone Structure
Parts of a Long Bone
Osteocytes
bones are active, living tissues... functions: muscle attachment…
bones differ in size and shape, yet have several similarities…
- Epiphysis: expanded ends of bones that form joints with adj…
bone cells located within lacunae that lie in concentric circ…
Purpose of Bones
bones are active, living tissues... functions: muscle attachment…
Bone Structure
bones differ in size and shape, yet have several similarities…
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7 (1-7)
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor input
Central Nervous System
The gathered information from the nervous system
Processes and interprets the sensory Input and make decisions…
The response that activates the muscle of glands
Consists of the brain and spinal cord, which occupy the dorsa…
Sensory Input
The gathered information from the nervous system
Integration
Processes and interprets the sensory Input and make decisions…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
62 terms
chapter 7 Anatomy and physiology
anatomical position
anterior or ventral
posterior or dorsal
transverse plane
body is standing straight, facing forward, upper limbs at sid…
towards the front (eyes are anterior to the brain)
towards the back
divides the body into top and bottom portions (head: superior…
anatomical position
body is standing straight, facing forward, upper limbs at sid…
anterior or ventral
towards the front (eyes are anterior to the brain)
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
44 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
Bones of the Skull
Occipital Bone
Two Parietal Bones
Frontal Bone
divided into two parts. 8 bones in the cranium and 14 facial…
is the hindmost bone of the skull and is located below the pa…
form the sides and top of the cranium
forms the forehead and portions of the eye sockets and nasal…
Bones of the Skull
divided into two parts. 8 bones in the cranium and 14 facial…
Occipital Bone
is the hindmost bone of the skull and is located below the pa…
Chapter 7- Anatomy and Physiology
Heart location
Pericardium
Chambers
Right atrium
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
There are four. ... Upper-atria, Lower-ventricles
Recieves oxygen-depleted blood from veins of body. ... Blood ent…
Heart location
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Pericardium
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
White Blood Cells
Carries the blood around the body
Carries blood away from the heart
Carries blood to the heart
The blood's protectors against foreign cells
Circulatory System
Carries the blood around the body
Arteries
Carries blood away from the heart
33 terms
Chapter 7 anatomy and physiology
divisions of skeleton
axial skeleton
skull
vertebral column
axial... appendicular ... 206 bones
critical part... down middle... thoracic cage... skull... vertebral column
22 bones... 8 cranial... 14 facial
33 bones... spinal cord protection... vertebrae... saccrum... coccyx
divisions of skeleton
axial... appendicular ... 206 bones
axial skeleton
critical part... down middle... thoracic cage... skull... vertebral column
Anatomy/Physiology 1- Chapter 7
206
Axil skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
80
126
How many bones does the human skeleton consists of?
2 principal divisions of the human skeleton:
How many bones does the axial skeleton have?
How many bones does the appendicular skeleton have?
206
How many bones does the human skeleton consists of?
Axil skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
2 principal divisions of the human skeleton:
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
These very small bones are at the medi…
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
This bone houses the apparatus of the…
This bone is wing-shaped and extends b…
Lacrimal bone
Maxillae
Temporal bones
Sphenoid
These very small bones are at the medi…
Lacrimal bone
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
Maxillae
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
Cutaneous membrane
epidermis
dermis
keratin
skin
outer layer
inner layer
a protein, hardens and flattens the cells as they move toward…
Cutaneous membrane
skin
epidermis
outer layer
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7 Vocabulary (Part 1)
Musculoskeletal system
Orthopedics
Long bones
Short bones
An integrated system formed by the bones, muscles, and joints
The branch of medical science concerned with the prevention o…
Have greater length than width, consist of a shaft and a vari…
Are somewhat cube-shaped and are nearly equal in length and w…
Musculoskeletal system
An integrated system formed by the bones, muscles, and joints
Orthopedics
The branch of medical science concerned with the prevention o…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
resonance
Cineradiology
ultrasound imaging
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
-viewing soft tissue... -bone with will be opaque... -no radiation…
-cannot see movement of articulators ... -measuring how various…
resonance
the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating
Cineradiology
-moving x-ray... -radiation risks
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7.1-7.2
Two Types of bone connective tissue
Two types of cartilage in skeletal sys…
Four Functions of Bone
Four classes of bone as determined by…
1. Compact bone- relatively dense bone tissue that appears wh…
1. Hyaline cartilage- attaches ribs to sternum, covers ends o…
1. Support and Protection- bones provide a framework for the…
long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones
Two Types of bone connective tissue
1. Compact bone- relatively dense bone tissue that appears wh…
Two types of cartilage in skeletal sys…
1. Hyaline cartilage- attaches ribs to sternum, covers ends o…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
without
nourishment
process of
muscle without nourishment, muscle shr…
A-
troph
-y
A/troph/y
without
A-
nourishment
troph
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