Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i spinal cord"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology i spinal cord"

27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Spinal Cord
Ganglion
Nerve
Gray
White
Gray matter of PNS... -collection of neuron cell bodies
White matter of PNS... -bundle of axons
____ matter of CNS... -basal nuclei... -cerebral cortex
_____ matter of CNS... -Tracts - bundles of CNS axons that have…
Ganglion
Gray matter of PNS... -collection of neuron cell bodies
Nerve
White matter of PNS... -bundle of axons
Anatomy and Physiology - Spinal Cord
Ganglion
Nerve
tracts
Pathways
Gray matter of PNS... -collection of neuron cell bodies
-bundle of axons in PNS; white matter
bundles of axons in the CNS that have a common origination &…
Centers and tracts that connect the brain with other organs a…
Ganglion
Gray matter of PNS... -collection of neuron cell bodies
Nerve
-bundle of axons in PNS; white matter
70 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy and Physiology
How many vertebrae in each section?
What does C1 connect to?
What spinal section performs the major…
Here is a photo of the different parts…
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral (fused)... 4 coccygeal…
atlanto-occipital joint. this is where diabetics can have glu…
lumbar
How many vertebrae in each section?
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral (fused)... 4 coccygeal…
What does C1 connect to?
atlanto-occipital joint. this is where diabetics can have glu…
Spinal cord anatomy and physiology
Where is the spinal cord located?
What is the innermost meningeal layer…
What is the outermost meningeal layer…
Span the dura mater of the spinal cord
In the spinal column of the vertebral canal
The pia mater
The dura mater
From the base of the skull to the second sacral vertebra
Where is the spinal cord located?
In the spinal column of the vertebral canal
What is the innermost meningeal layer…
The pia mater
Anatomy and Physiology: The Spinal Cord
31 pairs
Dermatome
Functional halves
Dorsal
How many pairs of spinal nerves are there
sensory region of skin; each of these are served by a spinal…
what is the purpose of gray matter in the spinal cord and spi…
sensory functions
31 pairs
How many pairs of spinal nerves are there
Dermatome
sensory region of skin; each of these are served by a spinal…
39 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology - B1 - Spinal Cord
cortex, muscle
receptor, cortex
Dorsal Column
Ventrolateral Spinothalamic
The motor pathway pyramidal tract begins in the _______ and e…
The sensory pathway begins with a _________ and ends in the _…
The ________ pathway carries conscious proprioception, two po…
The _______tract carries pain sensation, temperature sensatio…
cortex, muscle
The motor pathway pyramidal tract begins in the _______ and e…
receptor, cortex
The sensory pathway begins with a _________ and ends in the _…
194 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 - Chapter 13 - Spinal Cord - Spinal Nerves
Vertebral Column
Spinal cord protection
Meninges
Spinal Meninges
Holds the spinal cord, Located within the vertebral canal of…
the vertebral ligaments, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid... a…
3 protective, connective tissue coverings that encircle the s…
Surrounds the spinal cord and are continuous with the cranial…
Vertebral Column
Holds the spinal cord, Located within the vertebral canal of…
Spinal cord protection
the vertebral ligaments, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid... a…
69 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology - B1 - Spinal Cord
Grey
White
vertebral
Dorsal
______ matter contains neurons.
_______ matter contains bundles of axons.
Spinal cord levels are named after the corresponding ________…
________ horn is sensory in function.
Grey
______ matter contains neurons.
White
_______ matter contains bundles of axons.
194 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 - Chapter 13 - Spinal Cord - Spinal Nerves
Vertebral Column
Spinal cord protection
Meninges
Spinal Meninges
Holds the spinal cord, Located within the vertebral canal of…
the vertebral ligaments, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid... a…
3 protective, connective tissue coverings that encircle the s…
Surrounds the spinal cord and are continuous with the cranial…
Vertebral Column
Holds the spinal cord, Located within the vertebral canal of…
Spinal cord protection
the vertebral ligaments, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid... a…
15 terms
Spinal Cord- Anatomy and Physiology
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
Ramus
dorsal rami
ventral rami
31, at the level of each vertebra
branch of a spinal nerve containing both motor and sensory fi…
serve the skin and muscles of posterior trunk
form a complex of networks (plexus) for the anterior trunk
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
31, at the level of each vertebra
Ramus
branch of a spinal nerve containing both motor and sensory fi…
6 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy and Physiology
Spinal Cord General Structure
Central Gray Matter
Anterior Horns ... (central gray matter)
Posterior Horns... (central gray matter)
Cylindrical mass of nerve tissue extending from the foramen m…
Two anterior (ventral) and two posterior (dorsal) horns unite…
Contain cell bodies that give rise to efferent (motor) neuron…
Contain afferent (sensory) neurons with cell bodies located i…
Spinal Cord General Structure
Cylindrical mass of nerve tissue extending from the foramen m…
Central Gray Matter
Two anterior (ventral) and two posterior (dorsal) horns unite…
42 terms
Spinal cord-- anatomy and basic physiology
b and d (only thoracic and sacral rema…
C (only one baby is upright, develop l…
D (epidural space is mainly connective…
dura
Which primary curves will remain this way throughout life? (c…
when do secondary curves start to form?... a. at birth... b. once b…
Other than the spinal cord, the vertebral foramen is filled w…
The ___ mater is continuous with epineurium
b and d (only thoracic and sacral rema…
Which primary curves will remain this way throughout life? (c…
C (only one baby is upright, develop l…
when do secondary curves start to form?... a. at birth... b. once b…
15 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy + Physiology
General Anatomy of the Spinal Column a…
Rules for exiting the spinal cord
Myotome
Dermatome
- 31 pairs of spinal nerves correspond to 31 segments of the…
1. Everyone except C1 uses the inter ventricular foramen ... 2.…
- Particular set of muscles that is innervated by single spin…
- Area of skin that is mainly supplied by single spinal nerve…
General Anatomy of the Spinal Column a…
- 31 pairs of spinal nerves correspond to 31 segments of the…
Rules for exiting the spinal cord
1. Everyone except C1 uses the inter ventricular foramen ... 2.…
Anatomy & Physiology 3.1(spinal cord)
dura mater
arachnoid mater.
subarachnoid space (SAS)
pia mater
the outermost (tough mother) forms a sac that encloses the en…
The middle meninx is a delicate avascular covering
It is attached to the inside of the dura and forms the roof o…
Is transparent pressed up against the cord and is filled with…
dura mater
the outermost (tough mother) forms a sac that encloses the en…
arachnoid mater.
The middle meninx is a delicate avascular covering
69 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology - B1 - Spinal Cord
Grey
White
vertebral
Dorsal
______ matter contains neurons.
_______ matter contains bundles of axons.
Spinal cord levels are named after the corresponding ________…
________ horn is sensory in function.
Grey
______ matter contains neurons.
White
_______ matter contains bundles of axons.
Anatomy and Physiology: The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Vertebral Column and Skull
Meninges
Spinal Meninges
Cranial Meninges
Nervous tissue is protected by which two basic structures?
Three protective, connective tissue coverings that encircle t…
Protective connective tissue which surrounds the spinal cord
Protective connective tissue which surrounds the brain
Vertebral Column and Skull
Nervous tissue is protected by which two basic structures?
Meninges
Three protective, connective tissue coverings that encircle t…
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lab -- Spinal Cord
Conus Medullaris
Filium Terminale
Cauda Equina
Gray Matter Horns -- Anterior
Conus Medullaris
Filium Terminale
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1: Spinal cord, Spinal Nerves, and Reflexes
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
Conus Medullaris
Cauda Equina
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
Anatomy and Physiology: The Brain and Spinal Cord
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Thalamus
-Location of higher mental functions, conscious thought, sens…
-Coordinates complex somatic motor patterns... -Adjusts output o…
- contains thalamus and hypothalamus... -structural and function…
-relay and processing centers for sensory information
Cerebrum
-Location of higher mental functions, conscious thought, sens…
Cerebellum
-Coordinates complex somatic motor patterns... -Adjusts output o…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Spinal Cord Tracts
Lateral Column: Ascending Tracts
Lateral Column: Descending Tracts
Posterior Column: Ascending Tracts
Anterior Column: Ascending Tracts
Posterior spinocerebral and anterior spinocerebral
Lateral corticospinal and lateral reticulospinal
Gracial fasciculus and cuneate fasciculus
Anterolateral system- spinothalamic and spinoreticular
Lateral Column: Ascending Tracts
Posterior spinocerebral and anterior spinocerebral
Lateral Column: Descending Tracts
Lateral corticospinal and lateral reticulospinal
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Spinal Cord XS
Spinal Nerve
Ventricle White Columns
Ventral Horn
Sympathetic Chain Ganglia
1
3
5
7
Spinal Nerve
1
Ventricle White Columns
3
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Brain & Spinal Cord
Cephalization
Brain stem
Cerebellum
Nuclei
Concentration of neurons in the head region of the organism
Continuous with the spinal cord and is divided into 3 regions…
Butterfly shaped structure posterior to the brain stem
Collection of cell bodies
Cephalization
Concentration of neurons in the head region of the organism
Brain stem
Continuous with the spinal cord and is divided into 3 regions…
Anatomy and Physiology of The Brain and Spinal Cord
CNS and PNS
Brain and Spinal Cord
Consists of the nerves and ganglia out…
Autonomic Nervous System
What are the two divisions of the Nervous System?
What makes up the CNS?
What does the PNS consist of?
What is the subdivision of the PNS?
CNS and PNS
What are the two divisions of the Nervous System?
Brain and Spinal Cord
What makes up the CNS?
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Brain & Spinal Cord
Cephalization
Brain stem
Cerebellum
Nuclei
Concentration of neurons in the head region of the organism
Continuous with the spinal cord and is divided into 3 regions…
Butterfly shaped structure posterior to the brain stem
Collection of cell bodies
Cephalization
Concentration of neurons in the head region of the organism
Brain stem
Continuous with the spinal cord and is divided into 3 regions…
Anatomy and Physiology Lab Quiz Spinal Cord
What Begins at the foramen magnum and…
Cervical enlargement
Lumbar enlargement
Conus medullaris
spinal cord
thickening in the neck region, supplies nerves to the upper l…
thickening in the lower back, the, gives off nerves to the lo…
the spinal cord tapers to a structure
What Begins at the foramen magnum and…
spinal cord
Cervical enlargement
thickening in the neck region, supplies nerves to the upper l…
3 Spinal Cord Physiology & Anatomy
How many spinal nerves in the cervical…
How many spinal nerves in the thoracic…
How many spinal nerves in the lumbar s…
How many spinal nerves in the sacral s…
8
12
5
5
How many spinal nerves in the cervical…
8
How many spinal nerves in the thoracic…
12
spinal cord anatomy 1
spinehabifida
intervertebral foramen
pia and arachnoid
foramen magnum
when the vertebral arch does not fuse posteriorly, to protect…
where the spinal nerves emerge
the blood vessels are between what two meninges?
hole at the bottom of the skull
spinehabifida
when the vertebral arch does not fuse posteriorly, to protect…
intervertebral foramen
where the spinal nerves emerge
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Lab 19: The Spinal Cord
cervical enlargement
conus medullaris
filum terminale
lumbosacral (lumbar) enlargement
cervical enlargement
conus medullaris
23 terms
anatomy- spinal cord unit 1
cervical thoracic lumbar sacral coccyg…
cervical spinal cord
thoracic spinal cord
lumbar spinal cord
5 regions of the spinal cord:... candy tanks lose some candy,
hint: enlargement
hint: lateral horns
cervical thoracic lumbar sacral coccyg…
5 regions of the spinal cord:... candy tanks lose some candy,
cervical spinal cord
hint: enlargement
14 terms
Nervous system - Anatomy & Physiology - Parts of the Spinal Cord
WHITE MATTER
GRAY MATTER
VENTRAL HORN
DORSAL HORN
tracts of myelinated fibers of sensory and motor neurons.
Nerve cell bodies, neuroglia, axon terminals
Cell bodies and dendrites of the Somatic motor neuron
Somatic & Autonomic: sensory axons
WHITE MATTER
tracts of myelinated fibers of sensory and motor neurons.
GRAY MATTER
Nerve cell bodies, neuroglia, axon terminals
Anatomy & Physiology: Lab 9 (Spinal Cord Parts)
Posterior median sulcus
Anterior median fissure
Posterior white column
Anterior white column
Posterior median sulcus
Anterior median fissure
Science Olympiad Anatomy and Physiology - Spinal Cord Structure
Anterior median fissure
Posterior median sulcus
Denticulate ligaments
Conus medullaris
Anterior median fissure
Posterior median sulcus
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13, Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Meninges
Meningeal layers (Superficial to deep)…
Spaces between Meningeal Layers (Super…
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, and Pia Mater. (Diagram on note…
Epidural space, subdural space, subarachnoid space (Diagram o…
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Meninges
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 Section 1 (Spinal Cord)
What are the 4 main functions of spina…
Conduction
Neural integration
Locomotion
conduction, neural integration, locomotion and reflexes
Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses up and down the cord, con…
Input from multiple sources, integrated , and executes output…
Repetitive, coordinated contractions of several muscle groups…
What are the 4 main functions of spina…
conduction, neural integration, locomotion and reflexes
Conduction
Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses up and down the cord, con…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13, Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Meninges
Meningeal layers (Superficial to deep)…
Spaces between Meningeal Layers (Super…
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, and Pia Mater. (Diagram on note…
Epidural space, subdural space, subarachnoid space (Diagram o…
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Meninges
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Unit 4; Part 1: Spinal Cord & Reflexes
Length of spinal cord
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
conus medullaris
foramen magnum to L1 to L2
high traffic area, innervates arms
high traffic area, innervates legs
tapered end to the spinal cord
Length of spinal cord
foramen magnum to L1 to L2
Cervical Enlargement
high traffic area, innervates arms
Anatomy & Physiology II Nerves & Spinal Cord
soma
axon
dendrite
axon hillock
soma
axon
23 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 - The Spinal Cord
Describe the spinal cord.
Conus medullaris
Filum terminale
Compare the growth of the vertebral co…
Two way street - sends information up and down... Integration ce…
The end of the spinal cord
Anchors the spinal cord
Vertebral column grows faster than spinal cord... Results in spi…
Describe the spinal cord.
Two way street - sends information up and down... Integration ce…
Conus medullaris
The end of the spinal cord
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13, Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Meninges
Meningeal layers (Superficial to deep)…
Spaces between Meningeal Layers (Super…
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, and Pia Mater. (Diagram on note…
Epidural space, subdural space, subarachnoid space (Diagram o…
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Meninges
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 13 The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Spinal Reflexes
CNS
PNS
Spinal Reflex
Posterior Median Sulcus
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
consists of the cranial and spinal nerves
an automatic response to a specific stimuli controlled by the…
a shallow longitudinal groove found along the posterior (dors…
CNS
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
PNS
consists of the cranial and spinal nerves
14 terms
Anatomy practical 1-spinal cord
Posterior (dorsal) median sulcus
Anterior (ventral) median fissure
central canal
posterior horn
#7?
Posterior (dorsal) median sulcus
#7?
Anterior (ventral) median fissure
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Spinal Reflexes
dorsal root ganglia
dorsal root
ventral root
spinal nerve
contains cell bodies of sensory nerves
root that contain axons for sensory neurons
root that contain axons for motor neurons
bundles of axons; contain both sesnsory and motor fibers; con…
dorsal root ganglia
contains cell bodies of sensory nerves
dorsal root
root that contain axons for sensory neurons
Lesson 5 Brain and Spinal Cord Anatomy & Physiology
Frontal Lobe
Cerebellum
Midbrain
Brain stem
personality & planning
muscle memory and coordination
superior portion of the brainstem, just inferior to the dienc…
Made of the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata, the diaence…
Frontal Lobe
personality & planning
Cerebellum
muscle memory and coordination
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13, Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Meninges
Meningeal layers (Superficial to deep)…
Spaces between Meningeal Layers (Super…
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, and Pia Mater. (Diagram on note…
Epidural space, subdural space, subarachnoid space (Diagram o…
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Conducts impulses from brain, and integrates reflexes
Meninges
Cover and protect CNS. Spinal and Cranial.
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lab Exam 3: Neurons and The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
cell body
dendrites
Axon
synaptic terminal
Letter A (whole)
Number 14
Letter B (shaft)
Number 5
cell body
Letter A (whole)
dendrites
Number 14
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System: Spinal Cord Vocabulary
Anterior Funinculus
Anterior Horns
Anterior Fissure
Ascending Tract
The anterior mass of spinal cord white matter.
The anterior mass of spinal cord gray matter.
Divides the spinal cord into a right and left half on the ant…
Nerve fibers that carry sensory information from the spinal c…
Anterior Funinculus
The anterior mass of spinal cord white matter.
Anterior Horns
The anterior mass of spinal cord gray matter.
Anatomy & Physiology: Spinal cord, spinal nerves, and spinal reflexes.
The spinal cord has how many segments?
The dorsal and ventral pathways in the…
How are spinal nerves named?
The 3 meninges layers from superficial…
31
dorsal = incoming information (sensory)... ventral = outgoing in…
C1 to C7 - named for the vertebrae below it... T1 to L5 - named…
1. dura mater... 2. arachnoid ... 3. Pia mater
The spinal cord has how many segments?
31
The dorsal and ventral pathways in the…
dorsal = incoming information (sensory)... ventral = outgoing in…
12 terms
Anatomy Ch 13b Spinal Cord Physiology
Spinal Cord's two principle functions
Reflexes
Monosynaptic
Polysynaptic
Nerve impulse propagation... - White matter tracts... Integration…
A reflex is a fast, involuntary response to a stimulus. In a…
Have only 1 synapse in CNS
2 or more synapses in CNS
Spinal Cord's two principle functions
Nerve impulse propagation... - White matter tracts... Integration…
Reflexes
A reflex is a fast, involuntary response to a stimulus. In a…
Anatomy Exam 3: Spinal Cord Physiology
Difference between Sensory and Motor S…
Nomenclature for Tracts
Direct Pathways
Indirect Pathways
Sensory (Ascending) Tracts are bundles of axons that consist…
Indicates position in white matter, and where the signal begi…
Type of descending motor pathway that convey nerve impulses f…
Type of descending motor pathway that convey nerve impulses f…
Difference between Sensory and Motor S…
Sensory (Ascending) Tracts are bundles of axons that consist…
Nomenclature for Tracts
Indicates position in white matter, and where the signal begi…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 14 - Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves
Spinal Cord Functions
Sensory tracts
Motor tracts
Spinal cord & spinal nerve anatomy
1. Carry messages to & from the brain... a) Sensory tracts... b) Mo…
Carry sensory info up to brain
Carry motor info down from brain
1. Extends from medulla oblongata to L1 (in adults)... 2. Spinal…
Spinal Cord Functions
1. Carry messages to & from the brain... a) Sensory tracts... b) Mo…
Sensory tracts
Carry sensory info up to brain
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