Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii acid base"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii acid base"

110 terms
Summer Anatomy & Physiology 2 Acid base balance
Solutes in the water
Electrolytes
75 %
electrolytes, non electrolytes
different ones are in the different compartments
amount of water in infants
Solutes in the water
electrolytes, non electrolytes
Electrolytes
different ones are in the different compartments
Anatomy and Physiology - Acid-Base Balance
Acid-base balance
regulation of hydrogen ion concentration
hydrogen ion concentration that is not…
pH 1.6
concentration of hydrogen ions in body fluids relatively cons…
the functioning of important body proteins such as cellular e…
serious illness or death can occur
gastric juice
Acid-base balance
concentration of hydrogen ions in body fluids relatively cons…
regulation of hydrogen ion concentration
the functioning of important body proteins such as cellular e…
20 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Chapter 33- Acid/Base Imbalance
METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
Metabolic Acidosis BODY COMPENSATION
Metabolic Acidosis MEDICAL CORRECTION
Metabolic Acidosis CAUSES
caused by the BUILDUP OF ACIDS or the *ELIMINATION OF BASES…
Kidneys will INCREASE THEIR OUTPUT OF H+ ELIMINATION and *R…
SODIUM LACTATE IV administered
ACCUMULATION of ACIDS from KIDNEY FAILURE or *EXCESSIVE PRO…
METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
caused by the BUILDUP OF ACIDS or the *ELIMINATION OF BASES…
Metabolic Acidosis BODY COMPENSATION
Kidneys will INCREASE THEIR OUTPUT OF H+ ELIMINATION and *R…
42 terms
Week Five, Renal Anatomy and Physiology and Acid Base
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
What causes decreased plasma oncotic p…
What causes Increased capillary membra…
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
Loss of albumin: decreased plasma protein synthesis --> decre…
Inflammation and immune response. Trauma, burns, crushing - i…
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
Week Five, Renal Anatomy and Physiology and Acid Base
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
What causes decreased plasma oncotic p…
What causes Increased capillary membra…
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
Loss of albumin: decreased plasma protein synthesis --> decre…
Inflammation and immune response. Trauma, burns, crushing - i…
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
15 terms
Figure 2.12 Examples of Acids and Bases for Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1
Hydrochloric Acid
Stomach Acid
Lemon Juice
Beer
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 0
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 1
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 2
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 3
Hydrochloric Acid
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 0
Stomach Acid
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 1
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Hypothalamus
Dehydration
Hypotonic Hydration
Hyponatremia
Where thirst center is located
Water output is greater than water input
Drinking a lot of water in a short period of time especially…
Low concentration of sodium in extracellular fluid
Hypothalamus
Where thirst center is located
Dehydration
Water output is greater than water input
53 terms
Physiology 2- Acid-Base Regulation
What are the normal ECF pH and plasma…
What is the primary reason that pH nee…
What formula calculates the effect of…
What are the 3 types of factors that c…
ECF pH: 6.8 - 7.8... Plasma pH: 7.3 - 7.4... Arterial is closer to…
pH is critical for proper protein folding/structure, and affe…
Henderson-Hasselbach... pH = pKa + log ([A-]/[HA])
1) Metabolic... 2) Respiratory... 3) Kidney excretion
What are the normal ECF pH and plasma…
ECF pH: 6.8 - 7.8... Plasma pH: 7.3 - 7.4... Arterial is closer to…
What is the primary reason that pH nee…
pH is critical for proper protein folding/structure, and affe…
25 terms
Module 2 Acid Base Physiology
Bicarbonate
Plasma Proteins
Hemoglobin
Metabolic Acids
the most important extracellular buffer. It is the first line…
act as extracellular buffers. ... *Albumin is the main plasma pr…
the most important intracellular buffer and plays a pivotal r…
enter the blood from multiple sources continuously and need t…
Bicarbonate
the most important extracellular buffer. It is the first line…
Plasma Proteins
act as extracellular buffers. ... *Albumin is the main plasma pr…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
What is the body water content in infa…
What is the body water content in heal…
What is the body water content in heal…
Water content declines with age. What…
- >73% water. ... -Low fat, bone mass.
-60%.
-50%.
-45%. ... -Loss of muscle, gain of fat.
What is the body water content in infa…
- >73% water. ... -Low fat, bone mass.
What is the body water content in heal…
-60%.
84 terms
Acid-Base Physiology (Exam #2)
Tightly regulated pH is essential for:**
pH of 7 = H+ concentration of?**
Acid is a proton
Base is a proton
- Optimal enzyme function... - Proper electrolyte distribution... -…
0.0000001
DONOR
ACCEPTOR
Tightly regulated pH is essential for:**
- Optimal enzyme function... - Proper electrolyte distribution... -…
pH of 7 = H+ concentration of?**
0.0000001
60 terms
Acid Base Regulation in Respiratory Therapy Anatomy & Physiology
Acid
Base
Normal arterial pH
Normal venous pH
H+ donor. Any substance that donates a proton [H+] to an aque…
[H+] accepter -base, alkaline. Any substance that accepts a p…
7.35 - 7.45
7.30 - 7.40
Acid
H+ donor. Any substance that donates a proton [H+] to an aque…
Base
[H+] accepter -base, alkaline. Any substance that accepts a p…
33 terms
anatomy and physiology fluid electrolyte and acid base balance
sodium
blood osmolarity when something high i…
blood volume when something high in sa…
how body detects changes when somethin…
most important electrolyte, main contributor to the osmolarit…
increase
no change
hypothalamus will sense an increase in blood osmolarity (incr…
sodium
most important electrolyte, main contributor to the osmolarit…
blood osmolarity when something high i…
increase
Anatomy 2: Acid/Base Balance
Pa
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG's) of Normal…
Controls
Controls... Buffer Systems
Partial Pressure
PaO2: 95-100 mmHg... PaCO2: 35-42 mmHg... pH: 7.35-7.45... BiCarb (HCO…
-Buffer Systems... -Respiratory System... -Kidneys
-doesn't keep neutral but keeps body at a certain pH that the…
Pa
Partial Pressure
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG's) of Normal…
PaO2: 95-100 mmHg... PaCO2: 35-42 mmHg... pH: 7.35-7.45... BiCarb (HCO…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory Test - Acid-Base balances
Does and acid release or combine with…
Does a base release or combine with hy…
What would be the pH of a neutral solu…
What is the pH range for an acid?
An acid releases H+
Combines with H+ (removes H+ from solution)
7
1-6
Does and acid release or combine with…
An acid releases H+
Does a base release or combine with hy…
Combines with H+ (removes H+ from solution)
Clinical Physiology (Acid/Base 2)
Result of an increase in H+ concentrat…
Factors that can lead to an increase i…
What systems try to compensate for H+…
Condition in which increased blood CO2…
acidosis
1. increase in CO2... 2. decrease in bicarbonate (HCO3-) = incre…
1. respiratory system... 2. renal system
respiratory acidosis
Result of an increase in H+ concentrat…
acidosis
Factors that can lead to an increase i…
1. increase in CO2... 2. decrease in bicarbonate (HCO3-) = incre…
314 terms
Renal and Acid-Base Physiology
Total body water is what percent of bo…
The percent of total body water is hig…
What percent of TBW is intracellular?
What are the major cations in intracel…
60 percent
newborns, and adult males, lowest in fat people and females
2/3's
K+ and Mg+2
Total body water is what percent of bo…
60 percent
The percent of total body water is hig…
newborns, and adult males, lowest in fat people and females
Physiology exam 2 acid-base
acids and bases are both electrolytes,…
acid or base. Which one is a proton do…
HCl, HCO3-, NH3, H2CO3 which of these…
In accordance to pH and hydrogen, when…
dissociate
Acids are proton donors... -release H+ in a solution... Bases are p…
HCl and H2CO3 are acids... Hydrochloric acid (HCl) and carbonic…
As free [H+] increases, acidity increases... [OH-](hydroxide) de…
acids and bases are both electrolytes,…
dissociate
acid or base. Which one is a proton do…
Acids are proton donors... -release H+ in a solution... Bases are p…
100 terms
Acid-Base Physiology
Carbonic Acid System
It is convenient to consider *acids pr…
Carbonic Acid
Non-Carbonic Acid
Resp system is closely interrelated to the acid-base status o…
1.) Carbonic Acid H2CO3 (Respiratory)... - CO2 regulated only…
CO2 + H2O <-(CA)-> H2CO3 <--> H+ + HCO3-... aka *Respiratory A…
aka Metabolic Acids, ... - These nonvolatile, non-carbonic me…
Carbonic Acid System
Resp system is closely interrelated to the acid-base status o…
It is convenient to consider *acids pr…
1.) Carbonic Acid H2CO3 (Respiratory)... - CO2 regulated only…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 27 (Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance)
Water
Fluid Balance
How do we maintain fluid balance?
ECF
•60% of male body weight... •50% of female body weight... •differen…
•water in vs. water out... •also involves shifting distribution…
Digestive system = water IN... •primary source of water gain, al…
Mostly interstitial fluid of peripheral tissues and plasma of…
Water
•60% of male body weight... •50% of female body weight... •differen…
Fluid Balance
•water in vs. water out... •also involves shifting distribution…
50 terms
CBL 2.1 Lec Acid-Base Physiology
Normal pH
Strong acid will have a ___ KA (and a…
For a buffer to work well:
where does the most of our buffering o…
7.4
high KA low pKA
• Its' concentration has to be much higher than the ∆ [H+] ... •…
hemoglobin and Sodium bicarbinate (NaHCO3)
Normal pH
7.4
Strong acid will have a ___ KA (and a…
high KA low pKA
49 terms
Renal and Acid-base physiology
Total body water (TBW) is approximatel…
The major cations of intracellular flu…
The major cations of extrcullular flui…
Renal blood flow is __ of cardiac outp…
60%
K+ and Mg2+;... protein and organic phosphates
Na+;... Cl- and HCO3-
25%
Total body water (TBW) is approximatel…
60%
The major cations of intracellular flu…
K+ and Mg2+;... protein and organic phosphates
39 terms
Physiology 2 test 1 - Acid base
pH equation
What is normal pH
Where does acid come from
What are the 4 blood pH buffers
pH = -log [H+]
7.4
- degradation of amino acids... - exercise... - methionine and cyst…
- bicarbonate... - Hemoglobin... - Proteins... - Phosphate
pH equation
pH = -log [H+]
What is normal pH
7.4
40 terms
Patho 2: Acid/Base Physiology (Exam 3)
acid
base
reversibly
7.4
____ releases a H+ in solution. (donates)
______ accepts a H+ in solution.
Buffers______ bind H+.
What is the optimal pH in the body?
acid
____ releases a H+ in solution. (donates)
base
______ accepts a H+ in solution.
Acid-Base Physiology Chapter 26,2
In order to buffer a strong acid into…
The pH scale_______
Kidneys play a major role in helping t…
Which organs are the ultimate acid-bas…
Weak base
Is based on the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
Impaired nerve impulse transmission... (salts are ions that con…
Kidneys
In order to buffer a strong acid into…
Weak base
The pH scale_______
Is based on the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Lab 9 - Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid/Base Balance - Water Homeostasis
Increase, No Change, Too much IV
Decrease, No Change, Blood loss
Increase, Decrease, Drinking too much…
Decrease, Increase, Sweating and not r…
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypervolemia
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypovolemia
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Overhydration
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Dehydration
Increase, No Change, Too much IV
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypervolemia
Decrease, No Change, Blood loss
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypovolemia
60 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Role of water in the body
Weight Distribution
Maintenance of Body Fluids
Hypothalamus
Used as a solvent, as a transport medium, and it participates…
In most healthy adults, water accounts for 50-70% of your tot…
Hypothalamus - Osmoreceptors, Kidneys, Hormones, Regulation o…
Maintains the volume of water at a constant level
Role of water in the body
Used as a solvent, as a transport medium, and it participates…
Weight Distribution
In most healthy adults, water accounts for 50-70% of your tot…
(CH.2) Anatomy (Acids and Bases)
Electrolytes
Acids
Bases
Neutral
Substances that release ions in water
Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
Electrolytes that release ions that bond with hydrogen ions
A solution with a pH of 7.0, the midpoint of the scale, conta…
Electrolytes
Substances that release ions in water
Acids
Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
69 terms
physiology 2 exam 2 acid base
ph
ph 7.4 =___ nmol hydrogenion/l
arterial blood ph
venous blood ph
-log 10 of hydrogen concentration
40
7.35-7.45
7.32-7.42
ph
-log 10 of hydrogen concentration
ph 7.4 =___ nmol hydrogenion/l
40
Chapter 26 Anatomy and Physiology Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
Infants
Adults males
Adult females
True
73 percent or more water (low body fat, low bone mass)... *Highe…
~60 percent body water content
~50 percent water (higher fat content, less skeletal muscle m…
Water content declines to ~45 percent in old age. True or fal…
Infants
73 percent or more water (low body fat, low bone mass)... *Highe…
Adults males
~60 percent body water content
83 terms
Physiology: Respiratory and Acid Base
Warm, humidify, and filter the air bef…
Mucous secreting ciliated epithelial c…
SNS: Beta2 Receptors... PNS: Muscarinic R…
1) Type I Pneumocytes... 2) Type II Pneum…
What is the purpose of the conducting zone?
The conducting zone is lined with what?
What receptors correlate with what autonomic innervation in t…
What are the two types of epithelial cells present in alveoli?
Warm, humidify, and filter the air bef…
What is the purpose of the conducting zone?
Mucous secreting ciliated epithelial c…
The conducting zone is lined with what?
25 terms
Acid base physiology and diseases
• PCT: Na reabsorption and ammoniagene…
~7.4
• <22... • >30
• >40 mmHg... • <40 mmHg
Generation and reabsorption of HCO3 is coupled to what in the…
Normal blood pH level
HCO3 level... • In metabolic acidosis... • In metabolic alkalosis
CO2 level... • In respiratory acidosis... • In respiratory alkalosis
• PCT: Na reabsorption and ammoniagene…
Generation and reabsorption of HCO3 is coupled to what in the…
~7.4
Normal blood pH level
48 terms
Integrated Physiology Acid-base
Which is a proton donor, an acid or ba…
Which is a proton acceptor, an acid or…
When an acid loses a proton it forms a…
In an aqueous solution if [H+] = [OH-]…
acid
base
conjugate base
neutral
Which is a proton donor, an acid or ba…
acid
Which is a proton acceptor, an acid or…
base
25 terms
Physiology Exam 2: Acid-Base Balance
What is the normal blood pH?
How are the kidneys the final determin…
What is the carbonic acid equation? Wh…
What is the importance of of H2O and C…
- 7.4... - range between 7.35-7.45
- secreting and then EXcreting acid... - recovering filtered bic…
- CO2 + H2O <--> H2CO3 <--> H+ + HCO3... - carbonic anhydrase is…
- use H20 and CO2 are used to move H+ around in non-dangerous…
What is the normal blood pH?
- 7.4... - range between 7.35-7.45
How are the kidneys the final determin…
- secreting and then EXcreting acid... - recovering filtered bic…
14 terms
Acid-Base Physiology II
Acidosis
Alkalosis
Respiratory disturbance
Metabolic disturbance
process that will result in acidemia (acid in the blood)
process that will result in alkemia (an alkaline blood)
due to alterations in the ability to maintain PCO2 at 40 mmHg
due to alterations in the plasma bicarbonate concentration
Acidosis
process that will result in acidemia (acid in the blood)
Alkalosis
process that will result in alkemia (an alkaline blood)
46 terms
Organ Physiology: Acid-Base Balance (Part 2)
Respiratory Acidosis is a primary acid…
Nearly all cases of respiratory acidos…
The cerebral effects of hypercapnia ar…
Hypercapnia cardiovascular direct and…
Higher
Inadequate alveolar ventilation
Increased cerebral blood flow... Increased intracranial pressure…
-Warm, flushed, sweaty, tachycardic, bounding pulse... -Arrhythm…
Respiratory Acidosis is a primary acid…
Higher
Nearly all cases of respiratory acidos…
Inadequate alveolar ventilation
145 terms
Renal and Acid-Base Physiology
dilution method
TBW
ECF
plasma
method to measure volume of fluid compartments; a known amoun…
60% of total body weight; markers used to measure volume trit…
1/3 fraction of TBW; markers used for volume measurement are…
1/12 fraction of TBW/ 1/4 ECF; markers used to measure volume…
dilution method
method to measure volume of fluid compartments; a known amoun…
TBW
60% of total body weight; markers used to measure volume trit…
L1-L4: Anatomy, Physiology, and Acid/Base Balance
Which kidney is higher up (level of 11…
Name the sequence of arteries into the…
Efferent glomerular arterioles send ou…
Transition to venous side occurs at th…
The left kidney is higher at the level of the 11th rib. The r…
Renal - segmental - interlobar - arcuate - interlobular
vasa recta
countercurrent mechanism of urine concentration
Which kidney is higher up (level of 11…
The left kidney is higher at the level of the 11th rib. The r…
Name the sequence of arteries into the…
Renal - segmental - interlobar - arcuate - interlobular
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 27 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
What are the gains of fluid balance?
What are the losses of fluid balance?
What are the gains of electrolyte bala…
What are the losses of electrolyte bal…
Digestive system and metabolism
Respiratory System, Feces, Sweat, Urine
Absorptive of digestive tract
Urinary system, sweat, and feces
What are the gains of fluid balance?
Digestive system and metabolism
What are the losses of fluid balance?
Respiratory System, Feces, Sweat, Urine
Physiology - Acid-Base Balance
Normal pH of plasma is?
How does an abnormal H+ level affect t…
Excretion of H+ is very closely tied t…
What is diabetes mellitus?
7.38 - 7.42
Acidosis - too high (acidic)- neurons become less excitable,…
Reabsorption of K because of the use of the H-K ATPase used t…
Abnormal metabolism of fats and amino acids which creates ket…
Normal pH of plasma is?
7.38 - 7.42
How does an abnormal H+ level affect t…
Acidosis - too high (acidic)- neurons become less excitable,…
HSBC 1104 Anatomy and Physiology- Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance
Distribution of Water
Water Balance Based on Requirement
obligatory water
facultative water
Intracellular fluid... Extracellular fluid... 1. plasma... 2. inters…
Obligatory Water... Facultative water
minimal intake and output required for survival
extra
Distribution of Water
Intracellular fluid... Extracellular fluid... 1. plasma... 2. inters…
Water Balance Based on Requirement
Obligatory Water... Facultative water
Anatomy & Physiology II CH21 Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Action of antidiuretic hormone.
Types of transcellular fluid
Where is sodium in highest concentrati…
Where is potassium in highest concentr…
hormone that makes the lining of the renal tubules more perme…
(inside a membrane)... cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous and vitreous…
extracellular
intracellular
Action of antidiuretic hormone.
hormone that makes the lining of the renal tubules more perme…
Types of transcellular fluid
(inside a membrane)... cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous and vitreous…
Anatomy & Physiology II: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Body water content
Intracellular fluid compartment (ICF)
Extracellular fluid compartment (ECF)
Plasma
makes up between 40-75% of the body. Differs by age, gender,…
fluid within cells. Almost 2/3 by volume of water. Contains l…
outside of cells (plasma, + interstitial fluid) . Remaining 1…
fluid portion of blood. contains large amounts of Na+ and Cl-…
Body water content
makes up between 40-75% of the body. Differs by age, gender,…
Intracellular fluid compartment (ICF)
fluid within cells. Almost 2/3 by volume of water. Contains l…
57 terms
Acid Base Physiology
pH
buffers
pK
pH
what are chemicals that take up or release H+ in solution, ca…
what is defined as the -log10 of the dissociation constant (K…
pH
buffers
what are chemicals that take up or release H+ in solution, ca…
86 terms
Acid Base Physiology
Acid-base physiology
Respiratory mechanisms
Renal mechanisms
Normal range of arterial pH
Maintains a normal concentration of hydrogen ions in the body…
excrete carbon dioxide
reabsorb bicarbonate and secrete hydrogen ions
7.37 to 7.42; anything less is called acidemia and anything g…
Acid-base physiology
Maintains a normal concentration of hydrogen ions in the body…
Respiratory mechanisms
excrete carbon dioxide
57 terms
Renal and Acid-Base Physiology
What are the markers used to measure t…
What are the markers for ECF?
What are the markers used to measure p…
What are the markers to measure inters…
Titrated H20... D2O... Antipyrene ... These distribute wherever water…
Sulfate ... Inulin ... Mannitol ... These molecules are too large and…
RISA -radioiodinated serum albumin ... EVANS BLUE-it binds to se…
ECF-plasma (indirect method)
What are the markers used to measure t…
Titrated H20... D2O... Antipyrene ... These distribute wherever water…
What are the markers for ECF?
Sulfate ... Inulin ... Mannitol ... These molecules are too large and…
Acid-Base Physiology - Paternostro
Buffer Chemistry
What is the first line of defense agai…
Intracellular Buffers
Tissue Buffers
- Buffer = compound that reduces the change in pH when H+ are…
Buffers... - However, they become overwhelmed pretty quickly... - T…
- The primary intracellular buffers are proteins, organic and…
- 5x more effective than blood buffers... - Muscle contains larg…
Buffer Chemistry
- Buffer = compound that reduces the change in pH when H+ are…
What is the first line of defense agai…
Buffers... - However, they become overwhelmed pretty quickly... - T…
Physiology: Acid/Base
Respiratory Acidosis
Respiratory Alkylosis
Metabolic Acidosis
Metabolic Alkylosis
Acid/Base imbalance caused by hypoventilation
Acid/Base imbalance caused by hyperventilation
Acid/Base imbalance caused by lactic acid buildup, an increas…
Acid/Base imbalance caused by regular vomiting, excess antaci…
Respiratory Acidosis
Acid/Base imbalance caused by hypoventilation
Respiratory Alkylosis
Acid/Base imbalance caused by hyperventilation
25 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology (9th Edition) Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Balance
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
phosphate group
ion
cation
Made in the hypothalamus and secreted from the neurohypophysi…
PO4. A functional group that can be attached to an organic mo…
An atom or molecule that has a positive or negative charge
A positively charged ion
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Made in the hypothalamus and secreted from the neurohypophysi…
phosphate group
PO4. A functional group that can be attached to an organic mo…
65 terms
Acid-Base Physiology I and II
Acid base scale
Overview of pH Regulation
pH
pH Terms
pH of blood is 7.4
On a mixed diet, pH is threatened by the production of STRONG…
-Negative log (base 10) of the H+ concentration... (-log [40 x 1…
Acidosis: a PROCESS by which acid accumulate... Alkalosis:…
Acid base scale
pH of blood is 7.4
Overview of pH Regulation
On a mixed diet, pH is threatened by the production of STRONG…
1 of 10