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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii acid base"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii acid base"

110 terms
Summer Anatomy & Physiology 2 Acid base balance
Solutes in the water
Electrolytes
75 %
electrolytes, non electrolytes
different ones are in the different compartments
amount of water in infants
Solutes in the water
electrolytes, non electrolytes
Electrolytes
different ones are in the different compartments
20 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Chapter 33- Acid/Base Imbalance
METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
Metabolic Acidosis BODY COMPENSATION
Metabolic Acidosis MEDICAL CORRECTION
Metabolic Acidosis CAUSES
caused by the BUILDUP OF ACIDS or the *ELIMINATION OF BASES…
Kidneys will INCREASE THEIR OUTPUT OF H+ ELIMINATION and *R…
SODIUM LACTATE IV administered
ACCUMULATION of ACIDS from KIDNEY FAILURE or *EXCESSIVE PRO…
METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
caused by the BUILDUP OF ACIDS or the *ELIMINATION OF BASES…
Metabolic Acidosis BODY COMPENSATION
Kidneys will INCREASE THEIR OUTPUT OF H+ ELIMINATION and *R…
42 terms
Week Five, Renal Anatomy and Physiology and Acid Base
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
What causes decreased plasma oncotic p…
What causes Increased capillary membra…
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
Loss of albumin: decreased plasma protein synthesis --> decre…
Inflammation and immune response. Trauma, burns, crushing - i…
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
42 terms
Week Five, Renal Anatomy and Physiology and Acid Base
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
What causes decreased plasma oncotic p…
What causes Increased capillary membra…
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
Loss of albumin: decreased plasma protein synthesis --> decre…
Inflammation and immune response. Trauma, burns, crushing - i…
Mechanisms that cause Edema (4)
Excess interstitial fluid caused by: Increased interstitial c…
What causes increased hydrostatic pres…
Venous obstruction or sodium / water retention / venous clots…
15 terms
Figure 2.12 Examples of Acids and Bases for Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1
Hydrochloric Acid
Stomach Acid
Lemon Juice
Beer
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 0
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 1
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 2
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 3
Hydrochloric Acid
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 0
Stomach Acid
Name an example of a solution with a pH of 1
33 terms
anatomy and physiology fluid electrolyte and acid base balance
sodium
blood osmolarity when something high i…
blood volume when something high in sa…
how body detects changes when somethin…
most important electrolyte, main contributor to the osmolarit…
increase
no change
hypothalamus will sense an increase in blood osmolarity (incr…
sodium
most important electrolyte, main contributor to the osmolarit…
blood osmolarity when something high i…
increase
37 terms
Clinical Physiology (Acid/Base 2)
Result of an increase in H+ concentrat…
Factors that can lead to an increase i…
What systems try to compensate for H+…
Condition in which increased blood CO2…
acidosis
1. increase in CO2... 2. decrease in bicarbonate (HCO3-) = incre…
1. respiratory system... 2. renal system
respiratory acidosis
Result of an increase in H+ concentrat…
acidosis
Factors that can lead to an increase i…
1. increase in CO2... 2. decrease in bicarbonate (HCO3-) = incre…
53 terms
Physiology 2- Acid-Base Regulation
What are the normal ECF pH and plasma…
What is the primary reason that pH nee…
What formula calculates the effect of…
What are the 3 types of factors that c…
ECF pH: 6.8 - 7.8... Plasma pH: 7.3 - 7.4... Arterial is closer to…
pH is critical for proper protein folding/structure, and affe…
Henderson-Hasselbach... pH = pKa + log ([A-]/[HA])
1) Metabolic... 2) Respiratory... 3) Kidney excretion
What are the normal ECF pH and plasma…
ECF pH: 6.8 - 7.8... Plasma pH: 7.3 - 7.4... Arterial is closer to…
What is the primary reason that pH nee…
pH is critical for proper protein folding/structure, and affe…
25 terms
Module 2 Acid Base Physiology
Bicarbonate
Plasma Proteins
Hemoglobin
Metabolic Acids
the most important extracellular buffer. It is the first line…
act as extracellular buffers. ... *Albumin is the main plasma pr…
the most important intracellular buffer and plays a pivotal r…
enter the blood from multiple sources continuously and need t…
Bicarbonate
the most important extracellular buffer. It is the first line…
Plasma Proteins
act as extracellular buffers. ... *Albumin is the main plasma pr…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory Test - Acid-Base balances
Does and acid release or combine with…
Does a base release or combine with hy…
What would be the pH of a neutral solu…
What is the pH range for an acid?
An acid releases H+
Combines with H+ (removes H+ from solution)
7
1-6
Does and acid release or combine with…
An acid releases H+
Does a base release or combine with hy…
Combines with H+ (removes H+ from solution)
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Hypothalamus
Dehydration
Hypotonic Hydration
Hyponatremia
Where thirst center is located
Water output is greater than water input
Drinking a lot of water in a short period of time especially…
Low concentration of sodium in extracellular fluid
Hypothalamus
Where thirst center is located
Dehydration
Water output is greater than water input
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
What is the body water content in infa…
What is the body water content in heal…
What is the body water content in heal…
Water content declines with age. What…
- >73% water. ... -Low fat, bone mass.
-60%.
-50%.
-45%. ... -Loss of muscle, gain of fat.
What is the body water content in infa…
- >73% water. ... -Low fat, bone mass.
What is the body water content in heal…
-60%.
60 terms
Acid Base Regulation in Respiratory Therapy Anatomy & Physiology
Acid
Base
Normal arterial pH
Normal venous pH
H+ donor. Any substance that donates a proton [H+] to an aque…
[H+] accepter -base, alkaline. Any substance that accepts a p…
7.35 - 7.45
7.30 - 7.40
Acid
H+ donor. Any substance that donates a proton [H+] to an aque…
Base
[H+] accepter -base, alkaline. Any substance that accepts a p…
84 terms
Acid-Base Physiology (Exam #2)
Tightly regulated pH is essential for:**
pH of 7 = H+ concentration of?**
Acid is a proton
Base is a proton
- Optimal enzyme function... - Proper electrolyte distribution... -…
0.0000001
DONOR
ACCEPTOR
Tightly regulated pH is essential for:**
- Optimal enzyme function... - Proper electrolyte distribution... -…
pH of 7 = H+ concentration of?**
0.0000001
49 terms
Physiology exam 2 acid-base
acids and bases are both electrolytes,…
acid or base. Which one is a proton do…
HCl, HCO3-, NH3, H2CO3 which of these…
In accordance to pH and hydrogen, when…
dissociate
Acids are proton donors... -release H+ in a solution... Bases are p…
HCl and H2CO3 are acids... Hydrochloric acid (HCl) and carbonic…
As free [H+] increases, acidity increases... [OH-](hydroxide) de…
acids and bases are both electrolytes,…
dissociate
acid or base. Which one is a proton do…
Acids are proton donors... -release H+ in a solution... Bases are p…
27 terms
Anatomy 2: Acid/Base Balance
Pa
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG's) of Normal…
Controls
Controls... Buffer Systems
Partial Pressure
PaO2: 95-100 mmHg... PaCO2: 35-42 mmHg... pH: 7.35-7.45... BiCarb (HCO…
-Buffer Systems... -Respiratory System... -Kidneys
-doesn't keep neutral but keeps body at a certain pH that the…
Pa
Partial Pressure
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG's) of Normal…
PaO2: 95-100 mmHg... PaCO2: 35-42 mmHg... pH: 7.35-7.45... BiCarb (HCO…
100 terms
Acid-Base Physiology
Carbonic Acid System
It is convenient to consider *acids pr…
Carbonic Acid
Non-Carbonic Acid
Resp system is closely interrelated to the acid-base status o…
1.) Carbonic Acid H2CO3 (Respiratory)... - CO2 regulated only…
CO2 + H2O <-(CA)-> H2CO3 <--> H+ + HCO3-... aka *Respiratory A…
aka Metabolic Acids, ... - These nonvolatile, non-carbonic me…
Carbonic Acid System
Resp system is closely interrelated to the acid-base status o…
It is convenient to consider *acids pr…
1.) Carbonic Acid H2CO3 (Respiratory)... - CO2 regulated only…
314 terms
Renal and Acid-Base Physiology
Total body water is what percent of bo…
The percent of total body water is hig…
What percent of TBW is intracellular?
What are the major cations in intracel…
60 percent
newborns, and adult males, lowest in fat people and females
2/3's
K+ and Mg+2
Total body water is what percent of bo…
60 percent
The percent of total body water is hig…
newborns, and adult males, lowest in fat people and females
50 terms
CBL 2.1 Lec Acid-Base Physiology
Normal pH
Strong acid will have a ___ KA (and a…
For a buffer to work well:
where does the most of our buffering o…
7.4
high KA low pKA
• Its' concentration has to be much higher than the ∆ [H+] ... •…
hemoglobin and Sodium bicarbinate (NaHCO3)
Normal pH
7.4
Strong acid will have a ___ KA (and a…
high KA low pKA
49 terms
Renal and Acid-base physiology
Total body water (TBW) is approximatel…
The major cations of intracellular flu…
The major cations of extrcullular flui…
Renal blood flow is __ of cardiac outp…
60%
K+ and Mg2+;... protein and organic phosphates
Na+;... Cl- and HCO3-
25%
Total body water (TBW) is approximatel…
60%
The major cations of intracellular flu…
K+ and Mg2+;... protein and organic phosphates
7 terms
(CH.2) Anatomy (Acids and Bases)
Electrolytes
Acids
Bases
Neutral
Substances that release ions in water
Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
Electrolytes that release ions that bond with hydrogen ions
A solution with a pH of 7.0, the midpoint of the scale, conta…
Electrolytes
Substances that release ions in water
Acids
Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 27 (Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance)
Water
Fluid Balance
How do we maintain fluid balance?
ECF
•60% of male body weight... •50% of female body weight... •differen…
•water in vs. water out... •also involves shifting distribution…
Digestive system = water IN... •primary source of water gain, al…
Mostly interstitial fluid of peripheral tissues and plasma of…
Water
•60% of male body weight... •50% of female body weight... •differen…
Fluid Balance
•water in vs. water out... •also involves shifting distribution…
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Lab 9 - Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid/Base Balance - Water Homeostasis
Increase, No Change, Too much IV
Decrease, No Change, Blood loss
Increase, Decrease, Drinking too much…
Decrease, Increase, Sweating and not r…
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypervolemia
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypovolemia
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Overhydration
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Dehydration
Increase, No Change, Too much IV
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypervolemia
Decrease, No Change, Blood loss
Volume, Osmolarity, Example of Hypovolemia
39 terms
Physiology 2 test 1 - Acid base
pH equation
What is normal pH
Where does acid come from
What are the 4 blood pH buffers
pH = -log [H+]
7.4
- degradation of amino acids... - exercise... - methionine and cyst…
- bicarbonate... - Hemoglobin... - Proteins... - Phosphate
pH equation
pH = -log [H+]
What is normal pH
7.4
40 terms
Patho 2: Acid/Base Physiology (Exam 3)
acid
base
reversibly
7.4
____ releases a H+ in solution. (donates)
______ accepts a H+ in solution.
Buffers______ bind H+.
What is the optimal pH in the body?
acid
____ releases a H+ in solution. (donates)
base
______ accepts a H+ in solution.
83 terms
Physiology: Respiratory and Acid Base
Warm, humidify, and filter the air bef…
Mucous secreting ciliated epithelial c…
SNS: Beta2 Receptors... PNS: Muscarinic R…
1) Type I Pneumocytes... 2) Type II Pneum…
What is the purpose of the conducting zone?
The conducting zone is lined with what?
What receptors correlate with what autonomic innervation in t…
What are the two types of epithelial cells present in alveoli?
Warm, humidify, and filter the air bef…
What is the purpose of the conducting zone?
Mucous secreting ciliated epithelial c…
The conducting zone is lined with what?
Acid-Base Physiology Chapter 26,2
In order to buffer a strong acid into…
The pH scale_______
Kidneys play a major role in helping t…
Which organs are the ultimate acid-bas…
Weak base
Is based on the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
Impaired nerve impulse transmission... (salts are ions that con…
Kidneys
In order to buffer a strong acid into…
Weak base
The pH scale_______
Is based on the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
69 terms
physiology 2 exam 2 acid base
ph
ph 7.4 =___ nmol hydrogenion/l
arterial blood ph
venous blood ph
-log 10 of hydrogen concentration
40
7.35-7.45
7.32-7.42
ph
-log 10 of hydrogen concentration
ph 7.4 =___ nmol hydrogenion/l
40
25 terms
Acid base physiology and diseases
• PCT: Na reabsorption and ammoniagene…
~7.4
• <22... • >30
• >40 mmHg... • <40 mmHg
Generation and reabsorption of HCO3 is coupled to what in the…
Normal blood pH level
HCO3 level... • In metabolic acidosis... • In metabolic alkalosis
CO2 level... • In respiratory acidosis... • In respiratory alkalosis
• PCT: Na reabsorption and ammoniagene…
Generation and reabsorption of HCO3 is coupled to what in the…
~7.4
Normal blood pH level
25 terms
Physiology Exam 2: Acid-Base Balance
What is the normal blood pH?
How are the kidneys the final determin…
What is the carbonic acid equation? Wh…
What is the importance of of H2O and C…
- 7.4... - range between 7.35-7.45
- secreting and then EXcreting acid... - recovering filtered bic…
- CO2 + H2O <--> H2CO3 <--> H+ + HCO3... - carbonic anhydrase is…
- use H20 and CO2 are used to move H+ around in non-dangerous…
What is the normal blood pH?
- 7.4... - range between 7.35-7.45
How are the kidneys the final determin…
- secreting and then EXcreting acid... - recovering filtered bic…
86 terms
Acid Base Physiology
Acid-base physiology
Respiratory mechanisms
Renal mechanisms
Normal range of arterial pH
Maintains a normal concentration of hydrogen ions in the body…
excrete carbon dioxide
reabsorb bicarbonate and secrete hydrogen ions
7.37 to 7.42; anything less is called acidemia and anything g…
Acid-base physiology
Maintains a normal concentration of hydrogen ions in the body…
Respiratory mechanisms
excrete carbon dioxide
28 terms
Physiology - Acid-Base Balance
Normal pH of plasma is?
How does an abnormal H+ level affect t…
Excretion of H+ is very closely tied t…
What is diabetes mellitus?
7.38 - 7.42
Acidosis - too high (acidic)- neurons become less excitable,…
Reabsorption of K because of the use of the H-K ATPase used t…
Abnormal metabolism of fats and amino acids which creates ket…
Normal pH of plasma is?
7.38 - 7.42
How does an abnormal H+ level affect t…
Acidosis - too high (acidic)- neurons become less excitable,…
28 terms
ACID BASE Int Physiology
what equation links pH, PaCO2 and HCO3?
what eqn links pH and H+?
what is the conjugate base of carbonic…
what 4 things help to limit pH change…
Ph (roughly =) [HCO3-] / PaCO2
pH = -log[H+]
cabonic acid = H2CO3... conjugate base = HCO3- = proton acceptor…
bicarbonate buffer system (HCO3-) (VIP-kidney)... phosphate bu…
what equation links pH, PaCO2 and HCO3?
Ph (roughly =) [HCO3-] / PaCO2
what eqn links pH and H+?
pH = -log[H+]
46 terms
Organ Physiology: Acid-Base Balance (Part 2)
Respiratory Acidosis is a primary acid…
Nearly all cases of respiratory acidos…
The cerebral effects of hypercapnia ar…
Hypercapnia cardiovascular direct and…
Higher
Inadequate alveolar ventilation
Increased cerebral blood flow... Increased intracranial pressure…
-Warm, flushed, sweaty, tachycardic, bounding pulse... -Arrhythm…
Respiratory Acidosis is a primary acid…
Higher
Nearly all cases of respiratory acidos…
Inadequate alveolar ventilation
49 terms
Acid-Base Physiology - Paternostro
Buffer Chemistry
What is the first line of defense agai…
Intracellular Buffers
Tissue Buffers
- Buffer = compound that reduces the change in pH when H+ are…
Buffers... - However, they become overwhelmed pretty quickly... - T…
- The primary intracellular buffers are proteins, organic and…
- 5x more effective than blood buffers... - Muscle contains larg…
Buffer Chemistry
- Buffer = compound that reduces the change in pH when H+ are…
What is the first line of defense agai…
Buffers... - However, they become overwhelmed pretty quickly... - T…
Chapter 26 Anatomy and Physiology Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
Infants
Adults males
Adult females
True
73 percent or more water (low body fat, low bone mass)... *Highe…
~60 percent body water content
~50 percent water (higher fat content, less skeletal muscle m…
Water content declines to ~45 percent in old age. True or fal…
Infants
73 percent or more water (low body fat, low bone mass)... *Highe…
Adults males
~60 percent body water content
60 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Role of water in the body
Weight Distribution
Maintenance of Body Fluids
Hypothalamus
Used as a solvent, as a transport medium, and it participates…
In most healthy adults, water accounts for 50-70% of your tot…
Hypothalamus - Osmoreceptors, Kidneys, Hormones, Regulation o…
Maintains the volume of water at a constant level
Role of water in the body
Used as a solvent, as a transport medium, and it participates…
Weight Distribution
In most healthy adults, water accounts for 50-70% of your tot…
108 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Urinary System, Fluid, Electrolytes, & Acid-Base Homeostasis
What are the organs that make-up the u…
What are the functions of the urinary…
What ions do the kidney's regulate?
What are the two (2) ions that are imp…
- Two (2) kidneys, two (2) ureters, urinary bladder & urethra
1. Regulating Blood Ionic Composition... 2. Regulating Blood pH…
- Na+, K+, Ca++, Cl-, HPO4-2, H+
- H+ and HCO3- (bicarbonate)
What are the organs that make-up the u…
- Two (2) kidneys, two (2) ureters, urinary bladder & urethra
What are the functions of the urinary…
1. Regulating Blood Ionic Composition... 2. Regulating Blood pH…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 5 (urinary system and acid base)
nitrogenous wastes excreted by the uri…
other wastes excreted by the urinary s…
functions of the urinary system
organs of the urinary system
ammonia, urea, urine
toxins, pigments from food, drugs
excrete urine to remove wastes, maintain homeostasis
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
nitrogenous wastes excreted by the uri…
ammonia, urea, urine
other wastes excreted by the urinary s…
toxins, pigments from food, drugs
38 terms
Physiology of Acid-Base Balance
Body Buffers
Why must pH remain constant in the body?
Components of Extracellular Buffer Sys…
Physiological Source of Carbonic Acid
Primarily weak acids (& their conjugate bases) that have inco…
H⁺ ions change the structures of proteins.
ACID = Carbonic Acid (aka CO₂)... CONJUGATE BASE = Bicarbonate
Hydration of CO₂.... Carbonic Acid then dissociates into H⁺ & H…
Body Buffers
Primarily weak acids (& their conjugate bases) that have inco…
Why must pH remain constant in the body?
H⁺ ions change the structures of proteins.
18 terms
Physiology of Acid-Base Balance
ECF pH < 7.4
ECF pH > 7.4
3 control systems of body to maintain…
Bicarbonate - carbonic acid buffer sys…
acidosis = a net gain of H+ by the body fluids - depresses ce…
alkalosis = a net loss of H+ from the body fluids - excites c…
1) Buffers: a system which regulates immediately (seconds)
This is the most important extracellular fluid (ECF) buffer
ECF pH < 7.4
acidosis = a net gain of H+ by the body fluids - depresses ce…
ECF pH > 7.4
alkalosis = a net loss of H+ from the body fluids - excites c…
48 terms
Renal: Physiology & Acid/Base
Sodium and Water Reabsorption
Filtrate in the Nephron
What happens in the Proximal Tubule?
What happens in the Loop of Henle?
-Sodium and water movement are absorbed together (isotonic ab…
*Overall absorbs more sodium and chloride than water* ... -Des…
Sodium and Water Reabsorption
Filtrate in the Nephron
58 terms
8 - Acid-Base Physiology
pH = -log10 [H+]... *pH is inversely rela…
7.37 - 7.42
< 7.37
> 7.42
pH equation
Normal range of pH
Acidemia pH level
Alkalemia pH level
pH = -log10 [H+]... *pH is inversely rela…
pH equation
7.37 - 7.42
Normal range of pH
14 terms
Acid-Base Physiology II
Acidosis
Alkalosis
Respiratory disturbance
Metabolic disturbance
process that will result in acidemia (acid in the blood)
process that will result in alkemia (an alkaline blood)
due to alterations in the ability to maintain PCO2 at 40 mmHg
due to alterations in the plasma bicarbonate concentration
Acidosis
process that will result in acidemia (acid in the blood)
Alkalosis
process that will result in alkemia (an alkaline blood)
94 terms
L1-L4: Anatomy, Physiology, and Acid/Base Balance
Which kidney is higher up (level of 11…
Name the sequence of arteries into the…
Efferent glomerular arterioles send ou…
Transition to venous side occurs at th…
The left kidney is higher at the level of the 11th rib. The r…
Renal - segmental - interlobar - arcuate - interlobular
vasa recta
countercurrent mechanism of urine concentration
Which kidney is higher up (level of 11…
The left kidney is higher at the level of the 11th rib. The r…
Name the sequence of arteries into the…
Renal - segmental - interlobar - arcuate - interlobular
12 terms
HSBC 1104 Anatomy and Physiology- Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance
Distribution of Water
Water Balance Based on Requirement
obligatory water
facultative water
Intracellular fluid... Extracellular fluid... 1. plasma... 2. inters…
Obligatory Water... Facultative water
minimal intake and output required for survival
extra
Distribution of Water
Intracellular fluid... Extracellular fluid... 1. plasma... 2. inters…
Water Balance Based on Requirement
Obligatory Water... Facultative water
145 terms
Renal and Acid-Base Physiology
dilution method
TBW
ECF
plasma
method to measure volume of fluid compartments; a known amoun…
60% of total body weight; markers used to measure volume trit…
1/3 fraction of TBW; markers used for volume measurement are…
1/12 fraction of TBW/ 1/4 ECF; markers used to measure volume…
dilution method
method to measure volume of fluid compartments; a known amoun…
TBW
60% of total body weight; markers used to measure volume trit…
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 27 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
What are the gains of fluid balance?
What are the losses of fluid balance?
What are the gains of electrolyte bala…
What are the losses of electrolyte bal…
Digestive system and metabolism
Respiratory System, Feces, Sweat, Urine
Absorptive of digestive tract
Urinary system, sweat, and feces
What are the gains of fluid balance?
Digestive system and metabolism
What are the losses of fluid balance?
Respiratory System, Feces, Sweat, Urine
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Body water content
Intracellular fluid compartment (ICF)
Extracellular fluid compartment (ECF)
Plasma
makes up between 40-75% of the body. Differs by age, gender,…
fluid within cells. Almost 2/3 by volume of water. Contains l…
outside of cells (plasma, + interstitial fluid) . Remaining 1…
fluid portion of blood. contains large amounts of Na+ and Cl-…
Body water content
makes up between 40-75% of the body. Differs by age, gender,…
Intracellular fluid compartment (ICF)
fluid within cells. Almost 2/3 by volume of water. Contains l…
Anatomy & Physiology II CH21 Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Action of antidiuretic hormone.
Types of transcellular fluid
Where is sodium in highest concentrati…
Where is potassium in highest concentr…
hormone that makes the lining of the renal tubules more perme…
(inside a membrane)... cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous and vitreous…
extracellular
intracellular
Action of antidiuretic hormone.
hormone that makes the lining of the renal tubules more perme…
Types of transcellular fluid
(inside a membrane)... cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous and vitreous…
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