Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii anatomy physiology chapter 2 skeletal system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii anatomy physiology chapter 2 skeletal system"

24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System 2
humerus head
anatomical neck
surgical neck
greater tubercle
humerus head
anatomical neck
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (the only examp…
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
206
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Carry nutrient and waste products.
Break down bone and help to sculpt/shape it.
How many bones does an adult have?
Osteoblasts
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Osteocytes
Carry nutrient and waste products.
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
18 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Long Bones
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Bones of the appendages (126)
Bones of head and trunk (80)
Structure: elongated, dense and contains yellow/red bone marr…
Skeletal System
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the appendages (126)
186 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Forehead
Lower Jaw
Upper Jaw
Cheek Bone
Frontal Bone
Mandible
Maxilla
Zygomatic
Forehead
Frontal Bone
Lower Jaw
Mandible
1,653 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
Identify the 2 subdivisions of the ske…
Which skeleton is the "protective skel…
4 parts of the skeleton system
List the 5 functions of the skeletal s…
1. axial skeleton... 2. appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. ligaments... 4. cartilages
1. support... 2. protect... 3. movement... 4. store minerals and fats…
Identify the 2 subdivisions of the ske…
1. axial skeleton... 2. appendicular skeleton
Which skeleton is the "protective skel…
axial skeleton
46 terms
Anatomy/Physiology-Skeletal System
15,16
Cancellous
Parathormone & Calcitonin
Fontanelle
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
Two hormones that control the calcium concentration in our bo…
Soft spot on the baby's skull.
15,16
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Cancellous
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Skeletal System
4 functions of the skeletal system
Axial bones
Appendicular bones
How many vertebrae in Cervical,Thoraci…
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
80, protection
126,connecting
7,12,5
4 functions of the skeletal system
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
Axial bones
80, protection
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Diaphsis
Epiphysis
Metaphyses
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
shaft
distal end
Between diaphsis and epiphysis. Contains epiphyseal plate for…
Functions of Skeletal System
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
Diaphsis
shaft
Skeletal System (Anatomy & Physiology)
cranial bones
mandible
zygomatic
sutures
frontal, occipital, sphenoid, parietal (2), ethmoid, temporal…
lower jaw (jaw bone), bearing teeth ... location: lower part of…
cheekbone/malar bone that articulates the maxilla, temporal,…
fibrous joint between flat bones... location: skull
cranial bones
frontal, occipital, sphenoid, parietal (2), ethmoid, temporal…
mandible
lower jaw (jaw bone), bearing teeth ... location: lower part of…
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
compact bone
spongy bone
bone matrix
How would bone function without suffic…
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
type I collagen (90%) - for tensile strength... ground substanc…
decreased bone density
compact bone
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
spongy bone
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
What are the 3 components of the skele…
Skeletal System Functions
What type of cartilage is most associa…
Chondroblasts
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
Hyaline ... -most bones develop from it... -important in growth and…
make cartilage
What are the 3 components of the skele…
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
Skeletal System Functions
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System 2
Joints
Classification
Fibrous Joints
Sydesmosis (Fibrous Joint)
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
Dense connective tissue holds bones together... 3 Types: Sydesmo…
Bones connected by ligament... Slight movement... Ex: Distal ends o…
Joints
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Classification
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
180 terms
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
59 terms
Anatomy&Physiology - The Skeletal System
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Extracellular matrix
Perichondrium
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
Formed by chondroblasts
• A tough layer of connective tissue that surrounds the carti…
Cartilage
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Chondroblasts
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
112 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2 (Skeletal System)
What are the six functions of bone?
__________ is a bone structure that co…
Compact Bone is composed of repeating…
Compact bone is highly ___________.
1. Support ... 2. Protection... 3. Assistance in Movement... 4. Minera…
Compact Bone
Osteons or Haversian Systems
vascularized
What are the six functions of bone?
1. Support ... 2. Protection... 3. Assistance in Movement... 4. Minera…
__________ is a bone structure that co…
Compact Bone
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Diaphysis
The diaphysis is composed of _________…
Periosteum
Sharpey's fibers
The shaft of a long bone
Compact bone
a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (excep…
Secure the periosteum to the underlying bones
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
The diaphysis is composed of _________…
Compact bone
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
24 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
15 terms
Skeletal System Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal system
Main organs of the skeletal system
Secondary organs of the skeletal system
Two main groups of bones
made up of 206 bones, that with cartilage, tendons and liagme…
Bones
a. Cartilage... b. Tendons... c. Ligaments
1. Axil- 80 bones ... 2. Appendicular - 126 bones
Skeletal system
made up of 206 bones, that with cartilage, tendons and liagme…
Main organs of the skeletal system
Bones
169 terms
Anatomy and physiology - skeletal system
What is the #1 hardest substance in th…
What kind of tissue forms the nasal co…
Who is the famous race horse?
What composes the hard palate?
Name characteristics of bone
What are the teeth found on the hard p…
Name characteristics of living tissue…
What is the hyoid apparatus?
The tooth enamel
They are covered with ciliated pseudo stratified columnar epi…
Barbarous
Palantine (2) , maxilla (teeth embedded in it)
-2nd hardest substance in body... -living tissue ... -matrix
I 3, c 1, p 4, m 2
-heals relatively quickly... -is well vascularized... -matrix is dy…
U-shaped structure, composed of several joined bones and cart…
What is the #1 hardest substance in th…
The tooth enamel
What kind of tissue forms the nasal co…
They are covered with ciliated pseudo stratified columnar epi…
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Sesamoid Bones
Fissure
Fossa
Foramen
bones such as the kneecap
a groove in which typically a vessel or nerve lies
A shallow depression on a bone
An opening through a bone
Sesamoid Bones
bones such as the kneecap
Fissure
a groove in which typically a vessel or nerve lies
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Med Terms : Skeletal System
ankyl/o
arthr/o
burs/o
carpo
bent, crooked
joint
sac
wrist
ankyl/o
bent, crooked
arthr/o
joint
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Interaction of Skeletal and Muscular S…
Functions
Skeleton-How Many Bones Are In A Skele…
Axial Skeleton
Skeletal and Muscular systems works together to allow moveme…
Support & shape to body... Protection of internal organs... Move…
206 bones
(80 bones) in... skull, vertebrae, ribs,... sternum, hyoid bone
Interaction of Skeletal and Muscular S…
Skeletal and Muscular systems works together to allow moveme…
Functions
Support & shape to body... Protection of internal organs... Move…
Skeletal System: Anatomy and Physiology
3 types of muscles?
skeletal muscle?
cardiac muscle?
smooth muscles?
3 types: skeletal, smooth, cardiac
also known as the striated muscle: for its characteristic str…
the heart muscle; contains it's own regulatory system
involuntary muscles; preforms much autonomic work: digestive…
3 types of muscles?
3 types: skeletal, smooth, cardiac
skeletal muscle?
also known as the striated muscle: for its characteristic str…
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (Skeletal System)
Body
Head
Neck
Angle
The largest or principal portion of the bone.
The enlarged and often rounded end of a bone which articulate…
The constricted part of a bone lying between the head and the…
A pronounced bend in a bone.
Body
The largest or principal portion of the bone.
Head
The enlarged and often rounded end of a bone which articulate…
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bones
Short Bones
Dense, smooth, and homogeneous.
Composed of small needle-like pieces of bones and lots of ope…
Typically longer than they are wide.
Generally cube-shaped and contain mostly spongy bone.
Compact Bone
Dense, smooth, and homogeneous.
Spongy Bone
Composed of small needle-like pieces of bones and lots of ope…
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
longer than they are wide; dense tissue; all arm bones, all l…
somewhat cube-shaped; spongy tissue covered by dense; carpals…
flat; sandwich of dense and spongy tissue; cranium, ribs, sca…
everything else; facial bones, vertebrae, hips, pelvis
long bones
longer than they are wide; dense tissue; all arm bones, all l…
short bones
somewhat cube-shaped; spongy tissue covered by dense; carpals…
184 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Primary organs of the skeletal system
Functions of the skeletal system
What substance is stored in bones
Blood cell formation term
Bones
Support, protection, movement, storage, hematopoiesis
Calcium
Hematopoiesis
Primary organs of the skeletal system
Bones
Functions of the skeletal system
Support, protection, movement, storage, hematopoiesis
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Total bones in adult
Axial
Appendicular
Cancelleous
206 bones
Run along axis 80 bones
Attached to axis 126 bones
Spongy inner part of bones with holes; contains yellow marrow
Total bones in adult
206 bones
Axial
Run along axis 80 bones
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