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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii anatomy physiology chapter 2 skeletal system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii anatomy physiology chapter 2 skeletal system"

50 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System 2
humerus head
anatomical neck
surgical neck
greater tubercle
humerus head
anatomical neck
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
180 terms
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (the only examp…
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
206
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Carry nutrient and waste products.
Break down bone and help to sculpt/shape it.
How many bones does an adult have?
Osteoblasts
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Osteocytes
Carry nutrient and waste products.
1,653 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Greater Trochanter- Femur
Head of Femur- Femur
Lateral Condyle of Femur- Femur
Lesser Trochanter- Femur
Greater Trochanter- Femur
Head of Femur- Femur
18 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Long Bones
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Bones of the appendages (126)
Bones of head and trunk (80)
Structure: elongated, dense and contains yellow/red bone marr…
Skeletal System
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the appendages (126)
186 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Forehead
Lower Jaw
Upper Jaw
Cheek Bone
Frontal Bone
Mandible
Maxilla
Zygomatic
Forehead
Frontal Bone
Lower Jaw
Mandible
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System 2
Joints
Classification
Fibrous Joints
Sydesmosis (Fibrous Joint)
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
Dense connective tissue holds bones together... 3 Types: Sydesmo…
Bones connected by ligament... Slight movement... Ex: Distal ends o…
Joints
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Classification
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Diaphsis
Epiphysis
Metaphyses
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
shaft
distal end
Between diaphsis and epiphysis. Contains epiphyseal plate for…
Functions of Skeletal System
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
Diaphsis
shaft
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
compact bone
spongy bone
bone matrix
How would bone function without suffic…
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
type I collagen (90%) - for tensile strength... ground substanc…
decreased bone density
compact bone
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
spongy bone
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
What are the 3 components of the skele…
Skeletal System Functions
What type of cartilage is most associa…
Chondroblasts
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
Hyaline ... -most bones develop from it... -important in growth and…
make cartilage
What are the 3 components of the skele…
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
Skeletal System Functions
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
59 terms
Anatomy&Physiology - The Skeletal System
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Extracellular matrix
Perichondrium
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
Formed by chondroblasts
• A tough layer of connective tissue that surrounds the carti…
Cartilage
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Chondroblasts
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
46 terms
Anatomy/Physiology-Skeletal System
15,16
Cancellous
Parathormone & Calcitonin
Fontanelle
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
Two hormones that control the calcium concentration in our bo…
Soft spot on the baby's skull.
15,16
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Cancellous
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Skeletal System
4 functions of the skeletal system
Axial bones
Appendicular bones
How many vertebrae in Cervical,Thoraci…
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
80, protection
126,connecting
7,12,5
4 functions of the skeletal system
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
Axial bones
80, protection
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Total bones in adult
Axial
Appendicular
Cancelleous
206 bones
Run along axis 80 bones
Attached to axis 126 bones
Spongy inner part of bones with holes; contains yellow marrow
Total bones in adult
206 bones
Axial
Run along axis 80 bones
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Med Terms : Skeletal System
ankyl/o
arthr/o
burs/o
carpo
bent, crooked
joint
sac
wrist
ankyl/o
bent, crooked
arthr/o
joint
180 terms
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Interaction of Skeletal and Muscular S…
Functions
Skeleton-How Many Bones Are In A Skele…
Axial Skeleton
Skeletal and Muscular systems works together to allow moveme…
Support & shape to body... Protection of internal organs... Move…
206 bones
(80 bones) in... skull, vertebrae, ribs,... sternum, hyoid bone
Interaction of Skeletal and Muscular S…
Skeletal and Muscular systems works together to allow moveme…
Functions
Support & shape to body... Protection of internal organs... Move…
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
183 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Calcaneus
Cuboid
Cuboid
Cuneiforms
Calcaneus
Cuboid
8 terms
skeletal system anatomy and physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long bones
Short bones
Arms and legs
Fingers, toes. hands and feet
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
100 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Cranial Bones
Frontal
Parietal
Occipital
8 total
On either side (2)
Cranial Bones
8 total
Frontal
152 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
135 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
144 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Clavicle
Scapula
Humerus
acromioclavicular joint
Clavicle
Scapula
152 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Temporal Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
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